Military Review

How police snipers are trained


On June 13, at the tactical training ground of the Separate Special Forces Division of the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, police and sports sniping competitions “Absolute Accuracy” were held dedicated to the Day of Russia. The organizers of the competition made armory ORSIS company under the auspices of the Military Industrial Commission under the Government of the Russian Federation, with the assistance and assistance of the command of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.

High-precision shooting professionals divide sniping into sports and so-called practical. With sports, everything is simple: it's target shooting in order to achieve the best result and get prizes, awards and titles. Practical sniping is only for military personnel and security personnel, because its purpose is to destroy enemy personnel and material objects such as vehicles, lightly armored vehicles, and shelters. In practical high-precision shooting there is a division into a policeman and military sniping.

Police sniping - work in urban areas, at distances of location of objects in the city (average 50 − 300 m). For a police sniper, firing accuracy is of utmost importance - for example, when you have to shoot a criminal who is hiding behind a hostage. In such a situation, even a centimeter miss can be an irreparable mistake. In addition, a police specialist should strive to incapacitate a criminal with the first shot, which means that he needs to hit strictly defined vital organs. At the same time, he has no opportunity to shoot weapons, to make test shots - he has to act immediately and for sure.
Military sniping is very different from the policeman. First of all, we are talking about other distances: usually you have to shoot at distances from 500 to 1500 m in a mountainous wooded area. A military sniper, as a rule, is not faced with the task of killing the enemy — the injury will bring more damage to the enemy. A wounded comrade needs to be evacuated from the battlefield, and for this, other servicemen will be chosen, and the sniper is only on hand. Therefore, there is no need to shoot at vital organs - it’s enough to hit “by silhouette”.

How police snipers are trained

A military sniper has the ability to "shoot down" a weapon on the spot; it can take several shots at a target, which is often not able to hide somewhere in the field. A sniper can adjust his fire on the spot. This is facilitated by the fact that he is very far from the enemy on the battlefield, and the enemy does not see where the shot was made from. And in some cases, he does not even hear: after all, the speed of a bullet is two to three times the speed of sound propagation, and the clap can “come” after it hits.

The result of the “Pennant” exercise - in this case mediocre

A military shooter usually knows where and at what time his victim will appear, and therefore can prepare for a meeting. He has the ability to equip his shelter, use natural camouflage, terrain features and vegetation on the ground. Police sniper is often limited in the choice of means of disguise. For stealth, he uses the difference in light: the sniper never puts the barrel out of the window and tries to work from the bottom of the room to stay in the shade. At the competitions, shooters were asked to perform 12 exercises, the nature of which allows us to say with confidence: the fighters competed in police sniping.

Mirage shooting

Any shooter with a rifle in caliber up to 9 mm, which would show accuracy to 1 MOA (angular minutes), could take part in the competition. All participants could be divided into two categories - civilian rifles and law enforcement officers. These two groups overlapped with each other only in two exercises.

The level of participants was different, as well as equipment. One glance at the huge backpacks with which the fighters came to the tournament was enough to understand how important equipment plays in sniping. First of all, we are talking about a complex of a rifle, an optical sight and ammunition. The rifle itself may consist of several parts, and from different manufacturers.

Along with foreign bison arms market, such as Accuracy International, Remington, Sako, Steyr Mannlicher, Orsis rifles were encountered in the hands of the fighters. Several years ago, the weapons of the Russian company set a new quality standard in both the domestic and global markets. This is eloquently shown by the fact that in international competitions among special forces units, Russian snipers took first place with the Orsis rifles.

In addition to the weapon itself, the bipod and tripods, a range finder, an anemometer for measuring wind speed, a ballistic calculator are needed. Even such simple items of equipment as a pruning mat or a tripod for a telescope can affect the result: after all, the quality of shooting depends on elementary convenience.

The weather conditions on the day the participants got difficult. The wind changed very often, the oppressive heat hung over the test site and its treacherous satellite, a mirage. At long distances, the hot air “thickened” so much that the arrows almost did not see anything behind the translucent film in their sights. In addition, the trunks themselves are heated when they are fired and give a mirage right in front of the sight lens.

Another joke of nature that everyone faced, even photographers, is tall grass. Since most of the shots were performed from a prone position, the vegetation covered the line of aiming and the shooters had to clear their own “tracks” for themselves.

Equipment - the face of a sniper! Moreover, the real faces of many of them are strictly forbidden to shoot, but they are happy to demonstrate their shooting "gadgets" and allow them to photograph

Absolute Accuracy - 2015

Twelve exercises for police snipers are united by one common feature: in each of them (except perhaps for “Surprise”) truly surgical precision is required.

“Cold Shot”

At a distance of 300, the shooter must complete just one shot. The difficulty is that you need to shoot from a heated rifle without prior adjustment. The shooter still does not know how the wind behaves in practice. This is the very first exercise, and it is one of the most characteristic of the work of a police sniper, who always has only one chance.


At a distance of 100, the arrows fire at A4 format sheets with randomly spaced black squares and triangles. The shooter is limited in time 30 seconds and the number of rounds - five pieces. The difficulty is that the shooter must first identify the figures according to the form, and then determine which ones he is going to fire: the square is larger in area, but less points are given for it, with a triangle - the opposite is true.


At a minimum distance of only 40 meters, the shooter must hit two toothpicks attached to a piece of paper with a stapler. The difficulty is that the goals are really small and there is an additional condition - if the shooter interrupts the brackets with which the toothpicks are attached, he gets penalty points. This exercise is the simplest imitation of a hostage situation.


The standard range for police work is 100. The shooter is limited by time and the number of rounds - three pieces. Target - three circles with zones, divided into different number of points. As the name implies, you need to score a point in the total 21. If the shooter goes over or undercards, he gets zero. The difficulty is obvious: you need not just to hit, but to get into certain numbers, taking into account previous hits. And you need to get into all three targets: after all, even after hitting two times in tens in both circles, you will not be able to dial 21.


Distance - 100 m. The shooter must hit the target drawn on the pennant of the competition. The obvious difficulty lies in the size of the target — a target with the size of 15 mm is drawn on the pennant.


The 200 distance is m. The goal is a paper target on an A4 sheet with a black oval and a round area inside the 6 size. See It is easier to get into a large oval, but less points are given for it, the circle is very small, but more will be given for it.

"Fifth Point"

200 range m. Targets - a black circle with a diameter of 6 cm and a square 3 cm. As always, a larger goal is simpler, but “cheaper”. The difficulty is that shooting, unlike other exercises, is necessary from a sitting position, and sitting on the very “fifth point”, without any bipod or tripods. Each shooter himself determines the specific position, although it must be said that the position is in any case very uncomfortable and not very stable.

"A meeting"

200 range. Shooting is conducted from a standing position, with the rifle rest on a tripod. The difficulty lies in the position for firing.


200 range m. Exercise to change positions when shooting. The arrows alternately lie down, with the knee and standing. From each position you can make three shots in three minutes. The difficulty is that in each of the provisions you need to work without a stop and without a tripod, even in the prone position. Therefore, the shooter needs not just to make a shot, but first to find the optimal body position for shooting.


One of the most difficult and at the same time interesting exercises. Shooting is conducted at a distance of 300 m. In total, the hand is allocated one minute and not more than ten rounds. Target - two semicircles, covered with a black rectangle. As usual, the big semicircle is easier to hit, but less points are paid for it. Hitting a black rectangle results in penalty points. An additional condition - the cartridges are separate from the rifle. The shooter takes one cartridge, runs or fits (depending on tactics) to the rifle, takes a prone position, makes a shot, walks or runs after a new cartridge, and everything repeats again. Heart palpitations, heavy breathing, the need to re-stabilize the position each time - all this complicates shooting and at the same time brings the exercise closer to the actual police situation.

"Three Circles"

The range of 300 m. Goals - three circles with two test zones in each. Only one hole is counted in each. The exercise is given three rounds. As usual - everyone chooses which target to hit, more complex and expensive, or easier, but less valuable.


Actually no surprises. The most "far" exercise. Distance 500 m. Purpose - ceramic tiles 20 x 30, see. Scoring is not: the tile is scattered from any shot, which means either a test or not.
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  1. Gsxr1300rr
    Gsxr1300rr 27 September 2015 08: 24
    "Equipment - the face of a sniper" ... only the face is 90% made in the usa, you can't fool a warrior into a specialist ((
  2. S_Baykala
    S_Baykala 27 September 2015 09: 29
    Yeah, as I understand from the article, police snipers are power, and the military, suckers, just to get pulled and hit, and they usually lie in an equipped and disguised position (apparently they also bring coffee), they shoot as much as they want and do not worry about the accuracy and number of shots. laughing The author, but nothing that hangs over a military sniper is only one small one, but the problem: in case of an error, he pays its life. A pearl "a military sniper has the ability to" shoot "weapons on the spot" killed me altogether. Although, if you take the "military sniper" shooting at civilians, in principle it may be true.
    1. Sirocco
      Sirocco 27 September 2015 18: 06
      Quote: S_Baykala
      Yeah, as I understand from the article, police snipers are power, and the military are

      I would single out this pearl.

      A military shooter usually knows where and at what time his victim will appear, and therefore can prepare for the meeting. He has the opportunity to equip his shelter, use natural disguise, features of the terrain and vegetation on the ground. A police sniper is often limited in his choice of camouflage means. For stealth, he uses the difference in lighting: the sniper never puts the barrel out of the window and tries to work from the depths of the room to stay in the shade.

      Who wrote the article then?
      Who published this opus in the "press"?
      1. Rader
        Rader 27 September 2015 19: 00
        Quote: Sirocco
        Quote: S_Baykala
        Yeah, as I understand from the article, police snipers are power, and the military are

        I would single out this pearl.

        And you count how many times the word "Orsis" is mentioned and it will immediately become clear why this article wink
      2. The comment was deleted.
    2. gross kaput
      gross kaput 29 September 2015 14: 47
      Quote: S_Baykala
      Yeah, as I understand from the article, police snipers are power, and the military, suckers, just to get pulled and hit

      Duc, as usual, in VO where you don’t spit into a cool specialist.
      Let's just say, in order for the brains to fall into place, I recommend that you read the article on a non-sofa specialist dedicated to the real place of a sniper in the database.
      about the author: Born in the city of Belaya Kalitva, Rostov Region.
      Participated: Transnistria, Chechnya
      Rank: Lieutenant Colonel
      Troops: GRU, Navy, SPNN
      agrarian "Order of Courage" -2, Order "For Military Merit", Medal "For Courage", Medal "Suvorov" Medal "For Services to the Fatherland", "For Military Valor"

      PS By the way, and his prose is interestingly written, with humor, easy to read in one breath.
  3. korol yasheriz
    korol yasheriz 27 September 2015 10: 51
    In the second photo, a man with some kind of arch stands, is that what he has?
    1. Lapkonium
      Lapkonium 28 September 2015 03: 37
      HK-417, is in service with our Security Departments
  4. MarKon
    MarKon 27 September 2015 10: 53
    The title of the article does not match the content. The training methodology is not indicated, but simply described the types of shooting during the competition. Further, where did the non-German civilian participants get military equipment? weapons of war?
    1. Kvazar
      Kvazar 28 September 2015 06: 43
      Not a problem for a long time. 5 years smooth barrel and buy a rifled one for your wallet. Large-caliber only do not buy. Yes, and it's expensive. If you don't need all this for hunting. You have to earn VERY good money for paper. Because besides an expensive rifle, there are still a bunch of expensive whistles for it .... And the cartridges there are not from the Barnaul spill of 20 rubles. Hunters are so generally goons) They usually feel sorry for 300re for a cartridge) And here either their manufacture or "a bit" more expensive than 300re for a shot)))
  5. Shiva83483
    Shiva83483 27 September 2015 18: 38
    Fooling ................... you pay laughing recourse fellow
  6. S_Baykala
    S_Baykala 27 September 2015 18: 56
    Quote: Sirocco

    Who wrote the article then?
    Who published this opus in the "press"?

    We had a wonderful saying hanging on one of the workshops at the factory, over which I laughed while I saw it:

    We cut the circle
    We stamp the sheet
    Any of us

    So, the specialist wrote .....
    1. Rader
      Rader 27 September 2015 19: 06
      So, the specialist wrote .....

      laughing Yes, rather a marketer from Orsis laughing
      1. Sirocco
        Sirocco 28 September 2015 02: 56
        Quote: Rader
        Yes, rather a marketer from Orsis

        Only the price tag, these MIRACLE Rifles that shoot themselves laughing Not divine. Where these prices are from the Russian manufacturer is not clear.
        1. Lapkonium
          Lapkonium 28 September 2015 03: 38
          You have not seen how much Izhevsk SV-98 is in this case ...
  7. VadimSt
    VadimSt 28 September 2015 00: 10
    Police and sports sniping are closer to me, but what I read and looked ... fellow I was amazed by everything, from "huge backpacks" and "elementary convenience" to the presence of rifles "from foreign bison" in the hands of soldiers. Has everything really changed so rapidly? Until recently, SVD and ZRT-457 were for happiness.
    1. Sirocco
      Sirocco 28 September 2015 03: 09
      Quote: VadimSt
      More recently, for happiness there were SVD and ZRT-457.

      You know VadimSt, I’m personally acquainted with a man who has owned the Tiger for about 10 years, (SVD) and so he shoots perfectly no worse than a sniper, at a distance of 400 meters (ZhPSka) from the first shot he put the beast on a dump. So he flew chrome from the chamber, with subsequent problems. Repair, sale of the trunk. Bought a CZet? and I don’t understand what happened, this device worships, And in common people I’ll say, writing has begun, who has cooler, more expensive, and so on.
      Efficiency in the extraction of game with SVD was three times higher.
      Why? Yes, because the cartridges are eaten by an overseas miracle, better imported, costing from 100 scars.
      And after 6-7 shots in a row at the shooting range, he starts throwing, the bullets in the cartridges do not always correspond to the caliber, that is, not 7.85, but 7.79 fall.
      That's it.
      1. Kvazar
        Kvazar 28 September 2015 06: 58
        Just a minute tiger cubs, even Legion, are very few (ONE thing is known on the Hansa). The rest even selected trunks go out in a minute. On the other hand, the semiautomatic device does not eat an expensive cartridge. Each task has its own tool. In the photo in the article, an SVD shooter shoots 1 round without a magazine ....