Military Review

Is the prince in Yemen dead or dying of a heart attack? How the Emirates got involved in the war

In the “hot spots” of the Middle East, hundreds of people are dying every day, but it so happened that the recent death of only one person from this region attracted the attention of all the world media. One of the richest Arab noble families is experiencing grief - Sheikh Rashid ibn Mohammed al-Maktoum died untimely. He was the eldest in the family of Sheikh Mohammed ibn Rashid al-Maktoum - the second most important and influential person in the political hierarchy of the United Arab Emirates. Sheikh Mohammed Ibn Rashid al-Maktoum holds the post of Emir of Dubai, and is also the Prime Minister, Vice President and Minister of Defense of the UAE. His eldest son Rashid was just 33 of the year - he did not live a month and a half before the 34 anniversary. Rashid’s younger brother Hamdan al-Maktoum wrote on his page on social networks: “Today I lost my best friend and childhood friend, dear brother Rashid. We will miss you. ” World media reported that Rashid died of a heart attack. Of course, thirty-four years is not an age for death. But, no matter how sad, all people are mortal and it happens that suddenly and prematurely. But the death of Sheikh Rashid attracted world attention not by chance. However, first things first.

The Lords of Dubai

Al-Maktoum Dynasty is one of the most influential noble Bedouin families on the coast of the Persian Gulf. The Maktums originate from the powerful Arab clan Al-Abu-Falah (al-Falah), which, in turn, belongs to the Beni Yas tribal federation, which has occupied leading positions in the modern Arab Emirates since the middle of the 18th century. In the 19th century, the south-west coast of the Persian Gulf increasingly attracted the attention of Britain, which sought to strengthen its military and trade positions in the southern seas. The growing British presence in the Persian Gulf prevented Arab maritime trade, but local sheikhdoms and the Emirates were not able to impede the largest maritime power. Back in 1820, the British East India Company forced the rulers of seven Arab Emirates to sign the “General Treaty”, as a result of which the territory of Oman was divided into the Imamat of Oman, the Muscat Sultanate and the Pirate Coast. It housed the British military bases, and the emirs were made dependent on the British political agent. In 1833, the Al-Abu-Falah clan migrated from the territory of modern Saudi Arabia to the coast, the clan Maktoum seized power in the city of Dubai and proclaimed the creation of an independent emirate of Dubai. Access to the sea ensured the economic development of Dubai, which turned into one of the important ports of the coast of the Persian Gulf. At the end of the 19th century, British diplomats managed to reach the conclusion of the “Exclusive Agreement” of the sheikhs of the Treaty of Oman, as the territory of the modern UAE was previously called, with Great Britain. It was signed in March 1892. The then ruler of Dubai, Sheikh Rashid ibn Maktoum (1886-1894), was among the sheikhs who signed the agreement. Since the signing of the “Exclusive Agreement”, a British protectorate has been established over Treaty Oman. The sheikhs, including representatives of the al-Maktoum dynasty, were deprived of the right to conduct international negotiations and enter into agreements with other states, cede, sell or lease parts of the territories under their jurisdiction to other states or foreign companies.

The first half of the twentieth century. It became a turning point for the emirates of the Persian Gulf, which predetermined the cardinal changes that took place in their life afterwards. The once backward, desolate lands, with a small population loyal to the traditional way of life and customs, received a tremendous impulse for development — huge reserves of oil were discovered in the Persian Gulf. Naturally, this immediately attracted the attention of the British authorities, who established control over the granting of permits for exploration and exploitation of oil fields in the region by the sheikhs. However, before 1950's. Oil production in the region was virtually non-existent, and the Arab Emirates continued to receive most of the revenue from the pearl trade. But after the oil fields nevertheless began to be exploited, the standard of living in the emirates began to rise rapidly. The welfare of the sheikhs themselves, who gradually became one of the richest inhabitants of the planet, has increased many times over. Unlike many other states of the Arab East, in the emirate of the Persian Gulf there was practically no national liberation struggle. The sheikhs were already so pleased with the growing wealth, especially since they had the opportunity to train their offspring in the UK, to buy real estate there too. In 1968, the UK, however, decided to gradually withdraw British military units from the Gulf countries. Sheikhs and emirs decided to create a Federation of Arab Emirates of the Persian Gulf. 18 February 1968 Emir of Abu Dhabi Sheikh Zayed ibn Sultan an-Nahyan and Sheikh of Dubai Rashid ibn-Said al-Maktoum held a meeting and agreed to establish the federation of Abu Dhabi and Dubai. 2 December 1971 The rulers of Sharjah, Ajman, Fujairah and Umm al-Qaiwein joined the emirs of Abu Dhabi and Dubai, who signed the Constitution of the United Arab Emirates. Dubai has become the second largest emirate, so its rulers secured the second largest positions in the country. 1971 to 1990 the emirate was ruled by Rashid ibn Said, under which the rapid development of the economy of Dubai took place. The city began to build up modern skyscrapers, the World Trade Center was founded, work began on clearing coastal waters and developing a seaport. Dubai has evolved from an archaic Arab town into a super-modern city, which was beyond the power of the indigenous people to maintain the infrastructure. Therefore, Dubai was flooded with foreign labor migrants - people from Pakistan, Bangladesh, the countries of North and North-East Africa. It is they who are currently the main "working class" of the population of both Dubai and other parts of the UAE. After Sheikh Rashid ibn Said died in 1990 in October, his eldest son Maktoum ibn-Rashid al-Maktoum (1943-2006), who had been ruling for 16 years, was proclaimed Dubai.

Currently, the emir of Dubai is Sheikh Mohammed Ibn Rashid Al-Maktoum. He was born in 1949, was educated in London, and after the independence of Dubai, he was appointed chief of the emirate’s police and commander of the defense forces. In 1995, Sheikh Maktum Ibn Rashid appointed his younger brother Mohammed Ibn Rashid the Crown Prince of Dubai. At the same time, Mohammed began to exercise the actual leadership of the city of Dubai itself, making a great contribution to its economic development. One of the merits of Mohammed Ibn Rashid is the development of Dubai air communication. In the 1970s Sheikh Mohammed, then head of the Dubai Defense Forces and the UAE Ministry of Defense, was also responsible for the development of civil aviation countries. It was with his direct participation that Dubai airlines were created, including FlyDubai. Mohammed also owned the idea of ​​building the world's largest hotel, Burj Al Arab, part of the Jumeirah tourist group, which in turn is an integral part of the Dubai Holding, an emirate holding. Currently, the Emirate's civil aviation provides air transportation around the world, but above all - to the Arab countries and countries of South Asia. Under the leadership of Sheikh Mohammed, in 1999 the creation of Dubai Internet City was carried out - a free economic zone in the emirate. That is, the contribution of the current ruler to the development of his country is very significant, although the emir also never forgot about his own well-being. After Sheikh Maktum ibn Rashid passed away during a visit to Australia in 2006, Mohammed succeeded the emir to the throne of Dubai. He proclaimed his eldest son Rashid the heir to the throne.

Sheikh Rashid - from succession to the throne to opals

Sheikh Rashid ibn Mohammed ibn Rashid al-Maktoum was born 12 in November 1981 was born to Sheikh Mohammed ibn Rashid al-Maktoum and his first wife Hind bint Maktoum bin Yuma al-Maktoum, with whom Mohammed ibn Rashid did a bracerscute and get a idea to get a good idea to create a marriage ceremony Rashid passed in the rich emir's palace, then in the elite school for boys named after Sheikh Rashid in Dubai. In this school, training is based on British standards - after all, the elite of the emirates then sends their offspring to get higher education in the UK. As a rule, children of sheikhs receive military education, since for a true Bedouin only military service is considered a worthy deed. There was no exception and the hero of our article. Prince Rashid was sent to study at the renowned Royal Military Academy in Sandhurst, where the sons of many dignitaries from Asian and African states who were once British colonies and protectorates study. In particular, the acting emir of Qatar, the sultan of Oman, the king of Bahrain and the sultan of Brunei studied at Sandhurst.

Is the prince in Yemen dead or dying of a heart attack? How the Emirates got involved in the war

After returning to his homeland, Rashid gradually studied the duties of the emir, as his father was preparing him for the role of heir and was going over time to transfer to him the duties of the ruler of Dubai and the UAE Prime Minister. It seemed that the future of the young Rashid was predetermined - it was he who would replace his father Mohammed on the throne of the ruler of Dubai. Naturally, the attention of the secular world press was also focused on one of the richest and most famous young people on the planet. But a little more than seven years ago, the situation for Rashid changed dramatically. 1 February 2008 Sheikh Mohammed appointed his second son Hamdan ibn Mohammed the crown prince of Dubai. Another son - Maktoum ibn Mohammed - was appointed to the post of deputy ruler of Dubai. The eldest son Rashid ibn Mohammed officially announced his abdication. Moreover, he did not receive a single important post in the control system of the Emirate of Dubai - neither in the army, nor in the police, nor in civil structures. Moreover, Rashid practically ceased to appear alongside his father in front of television cameras, but his brother Hamdan increasingly became the hero of television programs and newspaper publications. This testified to real opal, for which for some reason yesterday’s heir to the throne of emir Rashid fell. Journalists all over the world began to guess what caused the sudden decision of Sheikh Mohammed to remove his eldest son from the role of heir to the throne.

When the WikiLeaks documents were published, among them was the telegram of David Williams, the US Consul General in Dubai, in which he informed his management about the changes in the order of succession of the emir's throne. According to Williams, the last crime was the cause of the disgrace of Sheikh Rashid - the eldest son of the emir allegedly killed one of the servants in the emir's palace. Father Sheikh Mohammed, for this reason, became very angry with his son and removed him from inheriting the throne. Of course, the prosecution of Sheikh Rashid did not come, but he was removed from leadership positions in the emirate. We note once again that this is unconfirmed information, so there is no reason to believe her unconditionally, but one cannot exclude the fact that the heir to the throne’s everyday behavior could be one of the reasons for the deterioration of his relationship with his father and, as a result, disgraces and dismissal . The media did a great job promoting his younger brother Hamdan. Hamdane was reported to be a very athletic man, a diver and a skydiving enthusiast. In addition, Hamdan loves animals and contains lions and white tigers in his personal zoo, and loves falconry. He is a rider and a great driver, yachtsman and even a poet who writes his poems under the pseudonym of Phazza. Hamdan is positioned as a philanthropist who organizes donations to the disabled, sick children and the poor. Naturally, the secular press immediately dubbed Hamdan one of the most enviable suitors of the modern world. However, there were very good reasons for this - Hamdan is really a fabulously rich man, his fortune reaches 18 billion dollars (this is 9 times more than the state of his late elder brother Rashid). Apparently, Hamdan is different and more relaxed temper than his older brother - at least, it is not known about the scandals with his participation. Obviously, this circumstance influenced the decision of Sheikh Mohammed to make Hamdan the heir.

What happened to Sheikh Rashid?

After the opals, Sheikh Rashid ibn Mohammed completely disappeared into the world of sports and other entertainment. He should be given his due - as a rider he really was quite good. The surname al-Maktoum traditionally had a great interest in equestrian sports, and Rashid owned Zabeel Racing International Corporation. But he acted not only as the organizer of the races, but also as their direct participant. Rashid had 428 medals won at various competitions in the Emirates and other countries. He received two gold medals at the Asian Games, which took place in 2006 in Doha - back when Rashid was heir to the throne. In 2008-2010 Rashid headed the Olympic Committee of the United Arab Emirates, but then left this position. He explained his resignation from the post of the committee president by the lack of free time and the related impossibility of fulfilling the duties of the head of this structure. In 2011, public attention was riveted on another scandal related to the behavior of members of the Emir family. As it is known, sheikhs have real estate not only in the territory of the emirates, but also abroad, including the UK. Serves this property hired staff, among which - not only the citizens of the UAE, but also workers from other countries. In one of the courts of Great Britain received a lawsuit from an African named Olantundzhi Faleye. Mr. Faleye, an Anglican by religion, worked for some time in the British residence of the Al Maktoum family. He told the court that family members called him “al-abd al-aswad”, a “black slave,” contemptuously speaking of Faley’s race, and offensively spoke of Christianity and tried to persuade the worker to convert to Islam. Faleye considered this racial and religious discrimination, and therefore appealed to the judicial authorities of Great Britain. As a witness at the court hearings, another former employee of the emir’s residence named Edzhil Mohammed Ali spoke, who under oath informed the court that Sheikh Rashid was allegedly drug addicted and had recently been rehabilitated from the consequences of drug abuse. It is likely that the dependence of Rashid, if it had taken place, could also be one of the reasons why Sheikh Mohammed removed his eldest son from inheritance.

If the rumors about addiction are true, then death in a heart attack in 33 can be easily explained. Indeed, under the phrase "heart attack" in this case could be hidden as a normal overdose, and indeed the failure of the heart as a result of many years of drug use. But everything turned out to be even more confusing. Almost immediately after the death of Sheikh Rashid, the Iranian media (and Iran, as is known, is the main opponent of Saudi Arabia and its UAE ally in the Islamic world and in the Middle East) reported that the prince did not die of a heart attack. He died in Yemen - in the province of Marib, in the central part of the country. Allegedly, Rashid and officers of the United Arab Emirates who accompanied him came under attack from the Hussite rocket artillery - Yemeni rebels fighting against supporters of ousted President Abd-Rabbo Mansur Hadi and the protesters of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and some others on their side States of the region. After news of the death of Rashid, the UAE authorities chose to hide this fact from the population. Apparently, the message of death from a heart attack, which caused a lot of misunderstandings and conjectures, even explaining death by the consequences of drug use, still seemed to the Dubai authorities to be more acceptable than a statement about the death of Rashid in battle. It would seem that the heroic death of a young sheikh would only raise the authority of the emir's last name, but in fact everything is not so simple. Authorities of the United Arab Emirates, as well as other states of the Persian Gulf, are very much afraid of popular unrest.

Emirates - a country of rich aboriginal and poor migrants

The socio-economic position of these states, despite the untold oil wealth, is gradually deteriorating, which is connected, among other things, with the formation of an extremely polarized and explosive society. The well-being of the UAE, like other oil-producing monarchies of the Persian Gulf, is based not only on oil production, but also on the brutal exploitation of foreign labor migrants who work in almost all areas of the country's economy. Migrants make up at least 85-90% of the total population of the United Arab Emirates, without having any rights. All social benefits and economic wealth of the UAE are concentrated in the hands of the ruling family of sheikhs al-Maktoum and the indigenous people of the country - representatives of the Arab Bedouin tribes. The size of the indigenous population is only 10-15% of the total population of the UAE. It turns out that the Emirates can only very tentatively be called Arab, since the overwhelming majority of their inhabitants, albeit temporary, are not Arabs. The bulk of migrants arrive in the UAE from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, the Philippines, Sri Lanka. These people, who come from overcrowded countries with very high unemployment, are ready to work for 150-300 US dollars per month, living in poverty and undergoing total police control. Most construction workers and port workers in the UAE are male migrants. Among immigrants from India, the inhabitants of the southern states prevail, primarily representatives of the Dravidian peoples of Telugu and Tamils. As for the militant Punjabis and Sikhs from Northern India, the UAE government prefers not to get involved with them, therefore, they are extremely reluctant to give work permits. Among Pakistanis, Baluchis make up the bulk of migrants - this people inhabit the south-west of Pakistan, the closest geographically to the Persian Gulf. Women work in the service sector, health care. So, 90% of nurses in the UAE health facilities are made up of a citizen of the Philippines.

Against the background of Hindus, Pakistanis and Filipinos, people from other, poorer Arab states are very small in the UAE. It would seem that it is much easier to accept Arabs with whom there are no language and cultural barriers than Hindus or Filipinos, but the UAE government since the 1980-s. took a conscious course on the maximum restriction of immigration from Arab countries. Note that the UAE does not accept and Syrian refugees. This is explained by the fact that the authorities of the United Arab Emirates, like other monarchies of the Persian Gulf, suspect Arabs of political disloyalty. Many Arabs from poor states are carriers of radical ideologies, from fundamentalism to revolutionary socialism, which the authorities of the Emirates do not like. After all, “foreign” Arabs are able to influence the political views and behavior of the local Arab population. In addition, the Arabs with greater confidence will defend their labor rights, may require citizenship. Finally, the authorities of the Gulf countries decided to put an end to the issue of the placement of Arab immigrants after the events of 1990, when Iraq attempted to annex the territory of neighboring Kuwait. In Kuwait, there was an imposing community of Palestine immigrants, which was called upon by Yasser Arafat, the leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization, to cooperate with the Iraqi army. In addition, the policies of Saddam Hussein were also supported by Arabs from other states who sympathized with the national-socialist views of the Ba'ath Party. Kuwaiti events have caused more than 800 thousands of people from Yemen, 350 thousands of Palestinian Arabs, many thousands of citizens of Iraq, Syria and Sudan to be deported from the countries of the Persian Gulf. It should be noted that all the listed Arab communities are represented by natives of those countries where nationalist and socialist ideas traditionally used the propagation, which are considered by the monarchs of the Gulf countries as dangerous threats to the political stability of the region.

Naturally, foreign labor migrants who do not have labor rights do not have any political rights. In the UAE there are no political parties and trade unions, workers are prohibited from speaking. As the American writer and publicist Michael Davis writes, “Dubai is a huge“ gated community ”, a green zone. This is the apotheosis of neoliberal values ​​of late capitalism to a greater extent than Singapore or Texas; this society as if inscribed in the walls of the Faculty of Economics at the University of Chicago. Indeed, Dubai has achieved what the American reactionaries can only dream of - an oasis of “free enterprise” without taxes, trade unions and political opposition ”(quoted in: Life of guest workers in the neoliberal-feudal UAE // ? p = 273). In fact, foreign workers are in the UAE in a bonded position, because on arrival in the country, passports and visas are taken from them, and then settled in guarded camps on the outskirts of Dubai and are not allowed to visit public places in the city. The system of labor organization in the UAE was inherited from the colonial era - then the British colonialists also imported Indian coolies who worked for nothing and were in bondage to employers. Any attempts by foreign workers to defend their rights and interests are severely denied by the authorities of the emirate. But even under these conditions, mass unrest periodically occurs in the country, initiated by crowds of exploited Indian, Pakistani, and Bangladeshi workers. In 2007, a mass strike of Indian and Pakistani construction workers took place in the UAE, in which about 40 thousands of migrants participated. The reason for the strike was the dissatisfaction of workers with the size of wages, working and living conditions, as well as the rate of free water per day two liters per person. Following the 45 strike, Indian workers were sentenced to 6 months in prison and subsequent deportation from the UAE for endangering public safety and destroying property. However, labor disputes are not always the cause of the unrest that is increasingly happening in Dubai. Being in the UAE a huge number of young men who do not have families here and regular communication with the female sex, in itself, is a very serious factor provoking the growth of all kinds of offenses. So, in October 2014, riots in Dubai were caused by clashes between Pakistani and Bangladeshi workers who had fought after watching a broadcast of a football match between teams of the two states. 11 March 2015 in Dubai was protested by construction workers employed in the construction of FountainViews - an elite residential quarter. They demanded higher wages. However, much more than the riots organized by migrants, the UAE authorities are afraid of discontent of the indigenous population.

After the development of oil began and the economy of the UAE began to grow rapidly, the authorities of the emirates sought to improve in every way the life of the indigenous population of the country, including in order to exclude the possibility of anti-government speeches from the Bedouin tribes. Numerous benefits were established for citizens of the country of indigenous origin, benefits and various cash payments were introduced. By this, the UAE government sought to protect the country from the spread of radical views popular in other Arab countries. However, at present, the stability gained through social policies to support the indigenous population has been threatened. And the reason for this - the involvement of the country in the fighting in Yemen.

The war in Yemen takes more and more lives of citizens of the UAE

Like other Gulf states, the UAE, including the emirate of Dubai, is spending huge sums on defense and security. Especially the country's militarization intensified after the events of the Arab Spring of 2011 and the civil wars caused by its consequences on the territory of a number of states in the Middle East and North Africa. It was the countries of the Persian Gulf, including Saudi Arabia, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, who made the main contribution to provoking and stirring up armed conflicts on the territory of Libya, Syria, Iraq, Yemen. The media owned by Qatar, the UAE and Saudi Arabia played a major role in the “information war” against the Assad, Mubarak, Gaddafi, Saleh regimes. With direct financial, organizational and even personnel support of the Gulf countries, radical religious-political organizations operate in almost all countries and regions of the Islamic world - from West Africa to Central Asia, from the North Caucasus to Indonesia. However, the direct support of the radical forces of the Persian Gulf put their own security at risk. Radical fundamentalist groups supported by Saudi Arabia and its regional allies have long accused the monarchist elites of the Persian Gulf countries of betraying religious ideals and adopting the Western way of life. Then, in 2011, the “Arab Spring” miraculously did not overwhelm the monarchy of the Persian Gulf. Today, the situation is seriously aggravated by the fact that the monarchies of the region are bogged down in a civil war in Yemen.

Recall that back in 2004, in Yemen, the contradictions between the government and Shiites, the Zeidites, became sharper, the movement of which became known as the Houthis, named Hussein al-Husi, the first leader of the Zuidit uprising killed in 2004 in September. In 2011, the Hushits took part in the revolution that overthrew the regime of President Ali Abdullah Saleh. In 2014, the Hussites intensified hostilities and at the beginning of 2015 occupied the capital, Sana'a, forcing President Mansur Hadi to flee to neighboring Saudi Arabia. Hussites created the Revolutionary Council, which manages Yemen. The President of the Revolutionary Council is Mohammed Ali Al-Khusi. According to Western and Saudi politicians, Yemeni Hussites are actively supported by Iran, as well as by Lebanese Shiites from the Hezbollah organization and the Syrian government. Fearing the transformation of the populous Yemen into an outpost of Iranian influence on the Arabian Peninsula, the Arab monarchies decided to take part in the civil war in the country, speaking in support of ousted President Mansur Hadi. Operation "Storm of Resolve" began on March 25 2015 with an attack by the Saudi Air Force against the Hussite positions in a number of Yemeni cities. For a long time, Saudi Arabia, acting as the leader of the anti-Hussite coalition, and its allies did not dare to conduct a ground operation against the Houthis, confining themselves to permanent air raids on Yemeni cities and military bases. However, in the end, it was not possible to avoid direct clashes and they immediately revealed the entire weakness of the anti-Hussite coalition. Moreover, the Hussites were able to transfer the fighting to the border areas of Saudi Arabia. 10 June 2015 The Saudi soldiers arbitrarily abandoned defensive positions in the city of Najran. This was explained not so much by the cowardice of the Saudi military as by their unwillingness to fight the Yemenis. The fact is that most of the privates, sergeants and junior officers of Saudi army units are themselves Yemenis by origin and do not see the need to fight with their countrymen and even their fellow tribesmen. It is known that in the countries of the Persian Gulf the main part of the employed population is represented by foreign migrants. No exception and the armed forces and the police, which also have a lot of people from other states, including Yemen. 21 June 2015 The Ahrar en-Najran Movement - “Free Citizens of Najran” - announced the accession of the tribes of the Saudi province Najran to the Hussites and opposed the policies of the Saudi government. So the civil war spread to the territory of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

The United Arab Emirates also became involved in the standoff in Yemen, taking the side of Saudi Arabia. Soon the participation of UAE troops in ground operations entailed serious casualties. Thus, several dozens of UAE servicemen died as a result of rocket attacks by the Yemeni army on Saudi positions at the base in Wadi al-Najran, where units of the UAE contingent were stationed. 4 September 2015 was followed by a new missile attack by the Yemeni army on the location of the anti-Hussite coalition forces in the province of Marib. As a result of the strike that hit the ammunition depot, an explosion occurred. 52 soldiers of the UAE army, 10 soldiers of the army of Saudi Arabia, 5 soldiers of the army of Bahrain and about 30 militants of the Yemeni anti-Hussite militia were killed. The destruction of the camp of the UAE armed forces has become the largest military action of the Huthis against the Saudi coalition in Yemen so far. In addition to the soldiers and officers, during the rocket attack a large amount of ammunition was destroyed, weapons, armored vehicles, Apache helicopters, which were in service with the UAE army. Among the wounded during the shelling of the camp of the military personnel of the UAE army was the son of the governor of the emirate Ras al-Khaimah Saud bin Sacra al-Qasimi. It seems that his injury opened an account of high-ranking emirati persons who suffered as a result of participation in hostilities in Yemen. Later, in the Al-Safer area, the Hussites managed to fire an Apache helicopter belonging to the UAE armed forces with a ground-to-air missile. The UAE army soldiers who were aboard the helicopter were killed. 5 September in the UAE was declared a national mourning for the soldiers killed in the camp of Wadi al-Najran.

Meanwhile, for the United Arab Emirates themselves, getting involved in conflicts in neighboring countries is becoming more and more expensive and affects the internal life of the state. Thus, in 2014, a mandatory call-up for military service of male citizens of the age of 18-30 was introduced in the UAE. It is envisaged that citizens who have a high school graduation certificate serve 9 months, and citizens who do not have a secondary education serve 24 a month. Before 2014, the UAE army was staffed exclusively on a contract basis. For service in the armed forces of the UAE, Baluja from Pakistan were hired as privates and sergeants, and Jordanian Circassians and Arabs for officer positions. In addition, a battalion of 800 foreign mercenaries, formerly serving in the Colombian, South African and French armies, was formed as part of the UAE army. Calling for spoiled and cared for free education, benefits and payments of citizens of the Emirates - apparently, an extreme measure. The UAE leadership does not trust contract workers from among foreign migrants and prefers to use representatives of the indigenous population of the country. However, the latter have to fight outside the UAE - for the realization of the political ambitions of their leaders and within the framework of allied relations with Saudi Arabia. Naturally, the population of the UAE like the situation less and less. Especially after the news of the mass death of Emirati soldiers and officers in the Wadi al-Najran camp. In this situation, any information about the occasion can provoke mass discontent of the population. Therefore, the reluctance of the leadership of the UAE to disclose the true causes of the death of Prince Rashid ibn Mohammed al-Maktoum is understandable if he really died in Yemen as a result of a blow from the Houthis, and did not die from a heart attack.

The leadership of the emirates fears that the death of the young prince will be painfully perceived by the indigenous people of the country - after all, many young men - citizens of the UAE will subconsciously put themselves in the place of the deceased prince. The wealthy residents of the United Arab Emirates do not want to die in Yemen at all, therefore, it is quite likely that mass anti-war demonstrations and a boycott of conscription could become a response to the prince’s death. On the other hand, it cannot be excluded that the information about the death of Sheikh Rashid in Yemen, which first appeared in the Iranian media, may be a component of the information confrontation between Iran and the coalition of the Gulf countries. But, whatever the true causes of the death of the former heir to the Dubai throne, the United Arab Emirates, engaging in large-scale hostilities in Yemen, threatened their own political and social stability. The monarchies of the Persian Gulf, being a tool of the United States in the realization of their own interests in the Middle East, have long been operating in the “waiting for a social explosion” mode. Will it be what it will be and what will be its causes - time will tell.
Photos used:, WAM / AP
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. slizhov
    slizhov 23 September 2015 05: 47
    Arabia served the United States for a long time, fulfilling all its orders and recommendations.
    She also collapsed with her actions of the USSR.
    Well ... what zhzhzhzh ....
    It is time to pay the bills ...!
    1. mirag2
      mirag2 23 September 2015 06: 28
      This is by no means "paying the bills" - but a splash.
      Paying bills from this country should be much tougher. The type is:
      1. crazyrom
        crazyrom 23 September 2015 19: 20
        According to the official version, of course he died from the heart and all that, but in fact it is not known why he died there. In the face - a great healthy life, such from the heart do not die.
    2. inkass_98
      inkass_98 23 September 2015 07: 07
      Quote: slizhov
      Arabia served the United States for a long time

      Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are not the same thing.
      1. Vladimir 1964
        Vladimir 1964 23 September 2015 11: 25
        Quote: inkass_98
        Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are not the same thing.

        Yuri, so Ilya did not write this. yes
    3. Air Force captain
      Air Force captain 23 September 2015 09: 40
      That's where there is little democracy ... aw _ pendoses take a closer look ... maybe it's time to demot them? We think we will not mind ... and oil there by the way dofeyhua
    4. Igor K
      Igor K 23 September 2015 12: 57
      Served, serves and will continue to serve until the popular anger of the simple Arab people sweeps away this historical mistake based on oil and fear.
      And we will help.
  2. svp67
    svp67 23 September 2015 06: 25
    There are so many princes in the ruling Saudi dynasty that one more, one less, no one will notice, but here is the death of the Minister of Defense, at the moment when the country is at war, this is certainly serious. Somehow it is not timely, this death, and maybe vice versa, is quite logical, at that moment when the army is not successful, but suffers insulting losses ...
    1. donavi49
      donavi49 23 September 2015 08: 38
      The Saudis are raking themselves at the border, they are already burning equipment directly in Saudi urban-type settlements. The prince was the second person in the UAE. This is a different country. Moreover, unlike Bahrain, which is completely dependent on the Saudis, the UAE is more or less independent.
      1. yushch
        yushch 23 September 2015 09: 55
        It is possible that the prince died of a heart attack that occurred as a result of firing of rocket artillery.
        1. shershen
          shershen 23 September 2015 11: 16
          "heart" at 34? - drugs 100%.
        2. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 23 September 2015 11: 37
          Workplace injury at work: Acute intoxication with the combustion products of trinitrotoluene, complicated by organ perforation.
          A possible cause is a violation of safety regulations.
      2. padded jacket
        padded jacket 23 September 2015 13: 03
        Quote: donavi49
        The Saudis are raking themselves at the border, they are already burning equipment directly in Saudi urban-type settlements.

        And the latest weapons of the "coalition" do not help the Houthis to beat them. As they say - POWER IS IN THE TRUTH с WHOM IS TRUTH WITH THEM AND POWER.
    2. Vladimir 1964
      Vladimir 1964 23 September 2015 11: 29
      Quote: svp67
      but the death of the Minister of Defense, at the moment when the country is at war, this is certainly serious.

      Sergey, let me disagree with you, the Minister of Defense of the UAE is Sheikh Mohammed ibn Rashid al-Maktoum, this is the pope of the deceased prince Rashid ibn Mohammed ibn Rashid al-Maktoum.

      Here it is like that. yes
  3. strelets
    strelets 23 September 2015 06: 57
    Stop financing terrorists. I hope the Saudis will not be up to them now.
  4. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 23 September 2015 07: 01
    The number of sons in these families is dozens, grandchildren - hundreds. Intrigues, intrigues. Snake ball. Good big article Thank you.
  5. parusnik
    parusnik 23 September 2015 07: 33
    There are no political parties and trade unions in the UAE, work speeches are prohibited. ... And the United States does not climb democracy there, and in Libya, Syria, Ukraine (Yanukovych), Russia dictatorial regimes .. and lack of democracy .. In the UAE .. it looks like muscles have poured force, wings behind their back have grown .. decided in play war, and probably the US kicked the war into kicks .. They like to destabilize the world.
    Thanks Ilya, it’s very interesting ..
    1. donavi49
      donavi49 23 September 2015 08: 43
      Well, you don’t understand:

      Tyrant Assad, Gaddafi or someone else - this is an absolute EVIL, which should clog up the entire developed world.
      Tyrannies in the UAE, Saudi Arabia are cultural features that must be respected.

      If anything, the photo shows the official work of bailiffs in Saudi Arabia. Find 10 differences from IG.
  6. bolat19640303
    bolat19640303 23 September 2015 08: 01
    Interesting review. Recently I was in the UAE on vacation, indeed there 90% of the population is not Arabs (i.e. not citizens of the country). How to defend the country having a mercenary army (not citizens of the country) for the remaining 10% of the population is not clear. Moreover, to get involved in an adventure in Yemen (a mercenary will not risk his life even for a lot of money and they don't really care about the country's interests, and the Arab citizens do not need this war - they do not have a bad life anyway).
  7. rosarioagro
    rosarioagro 23 September 2015 08: 07
    Paralysis of the heart, it happens ...
    1. donavi49
      donavi49 23 September 2015 08: 45
      But this prince, nevertheless, passed a medical examination. Plus, he constantly went to the army to see, talk, and fit new toys. He has a hobby - Horses and Army basic.
  8. Belousov
    Belousov 23 September 2015 08: 56
    The overdose option is certainly interesting. Just like that, a trained person (not an athlete under heavy loads, namely an amateur) does not refuse his heart. Although the option of falling under fire is still more likely.
  9. Gray 43
    Gray 43 23 September 2015 09: 18
    I read, I read, damn it, they have so many heirs there that you can only form a battalion from them and send to the front who survives, then the throne
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 23 September 2015 11: 40
      Quote: Gray 43
      I read, I read, damn it, they have so many heirs there that you can only form a battalion from them and send to the front who survives, then the throne

      There must be only one left! (C)
  10. Vladimir 1964
    Vladimir 1964 23 September 2015 11: 43
    Serious article. Ilya well done. Good information content and sufficient accessibility of presentation. I will be looking forward to further publications in the Middle East.
    And as the author correctly noted, the situation there is developing rapidly and quite unpredictably in terms of the continued existence of the current status quo on the Arabian Peninsula. And given the leadership of the countries of the region in the export of hydrocarbons, the development of the situation is far from interesting for Russia. And I consider a sharp increase in Russia's intervention in the Middle East conflict an indicator of the presence of a tendency to change this very status. And the changes seem to be radical, otherwise our position would be incomprehensible. And the changed US rhetoric, according to Russia's actions in the region, indicates the existence of a variant of serious geopolitical changes in the Middle East.

    Well, like that. repeat
  11. VadimSt
    VadimSt 23 September 2015 13: 47
    Damn, while you "read" the list of all these princes and others, you will break your brains. A patchwork quilt, not the state and princes there, as in the market of watermelon sellers ...
  12. Vitaminchik05
    Vitaminchik05 23 September 2015 19: 32
    Quote: donavi49
    But this prince, nevertheless, passed a medical examination. Plus, he constantly went to the army to see, talk, and fit new toys. He has a hobby - Horses and Army basic.

    In the photo - unlike narik. The version with the death on the base is closer to the truth.
  13. Mayday1981
    Mayday1981 23 September 2015 23: 41
    Behind a beautiful facade slave slums. The UAE has a number of problems - the degradation of local youth, diabetes from malnutrition, etc.
    However, if you are a European, this country may become your paradise. Such contrasts.
    I am writing as a former UAE expat.
  14. Yurievich
    Yurievich 24 September 2015 04: 52
    Under the auspices of the British and the United States, the sheikhs built a paradise for the Arabs, today this paradise is gradually becoming a thing of the past, America today does not need a strong East and Asia, it needs chaos, controlled and not very much. Shoot the whole world to trash it, and after all these wars form more or less controlled states or establish external control. Where are our allies, where is our influence? But there is no one, our "sheikhs" did not succeed, and even more we allowed a war with our last ally, and not an easy war, but the most bloody civil one. Now an attempt to extinguish this conflict from our side looks like a surgical intervention in order to keep at least Latakia, and all this is again under the supervision of the United States))). And who with us, after these 20 years of our external loyalty to the enemies of our friends, will be allies?
    1. Yurievich
      Yurievich 24 September 2015 05: 27
      Yes, no one, we ourselves are under very strong supervision and it may seem to some of you that we are independent, but this is only one appearance, a screen, pink glasses. They troll us, they share us with our brothers. We are building the largest mosques in Europe, but why? Is there in Kazan, in Grozny, are there in Moscow? I remind you of a secular state and our main religion is Christianity. Rowed taliranism is hosted by us not only in the form of homosexuals, but in the form of religious tolerance. And it remains only to wait for Moscow to blaze, the fat, well-fed, spoiled our capital.
  15. shelters
    shelters 24 September 2015 23: 17
    Thank you for the article. The war in the Middle East will pass through the heart of every Russian.
    It looks like World War III will begin here.
    And as for the mosque in Moscow, the Tatars and I have always been in the same state. And the wars were civil, not religious.
    The laws of Karan and the Bible are the same. And the people who live according to God's laws will survive, and not the people who forgot about them. Tolerance is God's quality. God punished Gomikov, but no tolerant ones. Be sure that everyone receives and will receive his own. Our actions determine our fate. Only this is difficult to trace in an endless series of lives.
  16. hwan
    hwan 1 October 2015 20: 36
    The article is interesting and reliable. I can add from myself that the local conscripts serve urgently willingly - the conditions are good and the service is not burdensome, and the mentality is conducive - every young man considers himself a warrior. It is a little incomprehensible with the draft age - in the local press over the past year they wrote twice about seventeen-year-old soldiers of military service who died from heart problems. Also, according to UAE doctors, 47% of the indigenous population is overweight, and 25% from diabetes. Too many hamburgers and cola IMHO. In the Russian army, I have not seen so many powerful warriors).