Military Review

Liberation campaign, or why "At the Cresses" were happy to get rid of the Poles

35
17 September 1939 of the year The Red Army entered the territory of the Second Polish – Lithuanian Commonwealth that collapsed under the blows of the Wehrmacht, in order to protect the population of Western Ukraine and Western Belarus under protection from the Germans. Ukrainian and Belarusian women greeted the Red Army with flowers, and the Polish officers captured splashed dirty water, shouting: “So the end of your Polish domination has come!”.



Soviet and German officers discuss the line of demarcation in Poland. September 1939 of the year

To understand why this happened, we need to remember what kind of policy in 1920 – 1939 years was carried out by Warsaw “on the couch” (Polish. Kresy Wshodnie - eastern suburbs). This word the Poles called the occupied territories of Western Ukraine, Western Belarus and southern Lithuania.

"POLES OF LOWER VARIETY"

Surprisingly, but a fact: a part of the Belarusian intelligentsia at first seriously hoped that the Poles, having recreated their statehood in 1918, would also help the Belarusians to do this. However, the gentlemen quickly showed how divinely hopeless were divorced from reality. Already in 1921, the newspaper Belorusskiye Vedomosti stated: “The attitude towards Belarusians by many heads and a certain part of the public is very dismissive. We were considered to be Muscovites, then Bolsheviks, then generally second-rate people. Belarus, partially under Polish power, is divided into provinces-voivodship, and it is not visible that these voivodships pursue a policy according to the principle declared in the first days of Polish domination in our region: “equal with equal, free with voluntary” ... ""

The height of naivety was to expect from the Poles that, throwing such slogans as bait, they put them into practice. Moreover, Józef Pilsudski, speaking on February 1 in Vilnius 1920, unequivocally promised that he was not going to make any political concessions "in favor of the Belarusian fiction". And the leader of the Second Commonwealth kept his promise.


General Heinz Guderian and the brigade commander Semen Krivoshein during the transfer of the city of Brest to the Soviet Union

Pilsudski said nothing new or original. The well-known Belarusian historian Kirill Shevchenko recalled that the leader of the Polish national democracy, Roman Dmovskiy, “in one of his works, at the beginning of the twentieth century, spoke frankly about Belarusians, Lithuanians and Ukrainians as“ about Poles of lower grade ”incapable of their own statehood. Warsaw’s denial of any right of Belarusians to their own statehood or even to autonomy logically flowed from the general perception of Belarusians by Polish public opinion as “ethnographic material” that should be swallowed and digested ”.

As we see, Polish politicians competing with each other treated Belarusians and Ukrainians in a similar manner.

POLONIZATION OF POPULATION "CRESES"

Warsaw immediately headed for the polonization of the suburbs. In the 1921 year, on the eve of the census, Belorussian Gazette anxiously wrote: “It is important who will conduct the survey: local civilians or not. If gendarmes, policemen or “Kresovian guards” guards ask questions about nationality, then they are able to knock the person out of agreement not only with the fact that he is a Pole, but even with the fact that he is a Chinese ... ”

Fears were not in vain: the number of Poles "on the couch" has increased dramatically. According to the official census results, 1034,6 thousand Belarusians lived in Novogrudok, Polessk, Vilna and Belostok voivodeships. Although even Polish researchers estimated the real number of Belarusians living in Poland to be about one and a half million people. Estimates of Western Belarusian public figures ranged from two to three million people.


Trophies of the Red Army in Western Belarus

Without any embarrassment, Warsaw carried out a policy of Polonization "on the couch", some Polish historians do not conceal either. For example, Grzegorz Motyka writes: “First of all, Polonization touched various institutions: all those who refused to take the oath of allegiance to the Polish state were eliminated. Then Ukrainian departments of Lviv University were liquidated; In addition, it was decided that henceforth only Polish citizens who served in the Polish Army will have the right to study at the university. Finally, December 5 1920, the whole of Galicia was divided into four voivodships: Krakow, Lviv, Ternopil and Stanislav. At the same time, the voivodship's borders were pushed westward so as to change the demographic composition of the population in favor of the Poles. Thus, in the Lviv voivodship there were counties inhabited mainly by Poles: Zheshovsky, Kolbushovsky, Krosno and Tarnobrzeg. Eastern Galicia was officially named Eastern Malopolska. At the same time, in December 1920, the Legislative Saeima passed a law on allocating favorable financial terms to honored soldiers and disabled veterans - residents of the central regions of Poland - lands in Volyn ... ”

It was there that the infamous Volyn Massacre took place in 1943.

Formally, the Polish Constitution guaranteed equal rights to all Polish citizens, regardless of nationality or religious affiliation. “But in reality, ethnic Poles have become a privileged group,” Motyka admits. - A vivid illustration of how constitutional rights were respected in practice is the following fact: in the Second Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth no non-Polarist ever held the post of minister, governor, or at least the mayor. ”

The Poles, who pursued such a policy, should not count on the sympathy of the Belarusian, Ukrainian and Lithuanian population of the country.

"POLAND HAS MILITARY DECREASED"

14 September 1939, the newspaper Pravda reported that although since the outbreak of hostilities between Germany and Poland, "a dozen days have passed, it can already be argued that Poland suffered a military rout that led to the loss of almost all of its political and economic centers."

Two days later, German troops were on the line Osovets - Bialystok - Belsk - Kamenets-Litovsk - Brest-Litovsk - Vlodawa - Lublin - Vladimir-Volynsky - Zamosc - Lviv - Sambir, occupying half of the territory of Poland. The Germans occupied Krakow, Lodz, Gdansk, Lublin, Brest, Katowice, Torun and other cities in a state that was collapsing before the eyes of the people.

On September 17 in 3 hours, Polish Ambassador Ambassador Vaclav Grzybowski was summoned to the People's Commissariat of Foreign Affairs in 15, where the Deputy People’s Commissar for Foreign Affairs of the USSR Vladimir Potyomkin read him a note from the USSR government:

"Mr. Ambassador!

The Polish-German war revealed the internal failure of the Polish state. Within ten days of military operations, Poland lost all its industrial areas and cultural centers. Warsaw, as the capital of Poland, does not exist anymore. The Polish government fell apart and shows no signs of life. This means that the Polish state and its government virtually ceased to exist. Thus, the treaties concluded between the USSR and Poland ceased to operate. Left to itself and left without leadership, Poland has become a convenient field for all sorts of coincidences and surprises that could pose a threat to the USSR. Therefore, being hitherto neutral, the Soviet government can no longer be neutral with these facts.

The Soviet government also cannot be indifferent to the fact that the short-lived Ukrainians and Belarusians living in Poland, abandoned to their fate, remain defenseless.

In view of this situation, the Soviet government ordered the High Command of the Red Army to order the troops to cross the border and take under their protection the lives and property of the population of Western Ukraine and Western Belarus. "

After listening to the chased formulations of the official document voiced by Potemkin, Grzybowski, as follows from the recording of the conversation, said that he could not accept it, because "the Polish-German war is just beginning and we cannot talk about the disintegration of the Polish state." Hearing this statement cut off from reality, Potemkin reminded Grzybowski that “he cannot refuse to accept the note being handed to him. This document, emanating from the Government of the USSR, contains statements of utmost importance, which the ambassador is obliged to bring to the attention of his government. ” While the Polish diplomat wandered, the note was delivered to the Polish Embassy in Moscow. And in 5 hours of the morning, units of the Red Army and the operational groups of the NKVD crossed the state border with Poland.

The runaway Polish government responded to the note of the USSR government just as inadequately as Grzybowski, saying: “The Polish government protests against the Soviet government’s motives outlined in the note, since the Polish government performs its normal duties, and the Polish army successfully repels the enemy.”

“It was, to put it mildly, not quite true,” Vladimir Makarchuk, a professor at the Lvov Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, commented on the statement of high-ranking fugitives. “It is significant that the first time mentioned“ protest ”was able to be made public more than a week after the escape, and then far beyond the borders of Poland.”

In the meantime, Belarusians and Ukrainians met the Red Army as a liberator. At the same time, they sought to put out on the Poles the anger accumulated over the years. In a number of places the people took up weapon. Historian Mikhail Meltyukhov writes that on September 20, the motorized group of the 16 rifle corps under the command of the commander, Rozanov, “had Skidel, he was confronted with a Polish squad (about 200 people) who had suppressed the anti-Polish performance of the local population. In this punitive raid, 17 was killed by local residents, of whom two teenagers are 13 and 16 years. ”


Victims of the Volyn Massacre

Violent reprisals against the population could not save the agonizing Polish power from collapse. It is significant that the Poles, who had previously made plans to seize Soviet Ukraine, in September 1939 preferred to surrender to the Red Army, fearing to fall into the hands of Ukrainian and Belarusian peasants. A confirmation of this is the report of Lev Mehlis from 20 of September: “Polish officers ... fear Ukrainian peasants and the population, who intensified with the arrival of the Red Army and deal with Polish officers, as fire. It got to the point that in Burshtyn, Polish officers sent by the corps to school and guarded by a small guard asked to increase the number of guards as prisoners, fighters, in order to avoid a possible reprisal of the population. ”

“The majority of the population of Western Belarus,” writes the Belarusian historian Mikhail Kostiuk, “after almost twenty years of national, socio-economic and political oppression by the Polish authorities, joyfully welcomed the Red Army, meeting it with bread and salt. In many places, many thousands of meetings were held, red flags were hung out. It was a sincere rush of people who believed in their liberation and in a better life. ”
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  1. venaya
    venaya 26 September 2015 06: 47 New
    +1
    I don’t understand, “Ukrainians”, as a nation, began to be created during the German occupation in 1918. But when did they start creating such a nation as “Belarusians”?
    1. sergeyf77
      sergeyf77 26 September 2015 09: 39 New
      +2
      Dear, read the books of Deruzhinsky and everything will be clear.
    2. War and Peace
      War and Peace 26 September 2015 10: 18 New
      +5
      Stalin’s mistake after the war to save this treacherous nation and a hostile state. Stalin thought that socialism would correct the inherent vices of the peoples, Jewish merchantry, Polish arrogance and cowardice.
      There was an opportunity then to change a lot, but historically the DISTORTED PICTURE OF THE WORLD did not allow Stalin to fully appreciate the realities ...
      1. antoni73
        antoni73 26 September 2015 12: 59 New
        -16
        Soviet propaganda destroyed the truth about Kresy. Of course, there were flowers for the Red Army, and dirty water was splashed out on captured Polish officers, shouting: So your Polish rule has come to an end! But among these people there were very few Belarusians and Ukrainians. In the cities of Kresy from the end of the nineteenth century there was a rivalry between the petty bourgeoisie. After the collapse of the empire of kings, the local administration, police, army became Polish. When in 1939 the Red Army invaded Poland, many thought that after the liquidation of the Polish administration they would rule the Slavs as they did in the USSR. Of course, the Poles were not saints. But Soviet propaganda has nothing to do with the truth.
        1. War and Peace
          War and Peace 26 September 2015 13: 18 New
          +1
          Quote: antoni73
          But among these people there were very few Belarusians and Ukrainians.


          and who were there many Jews? it was even Western, but Belarus and Ukraine-Galician Russia spoke Russian there, Stalin’s policy of accession was correct ...
          1. The comment was deleted.
          2. antoni73
            antoni73 26 September 2015 15: 16 New
            -9
            In the cities of Eastern Second Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth there were almost no Belarusians, Ukrainians, Lithuanians. The rivalry and conflicts are mainly between Poles and Jews. Another ethnic composition was in the countryside. There were the majority of Belarusians and Ukrainians. But they didn’t speak Russian there. It was Belarusian and Ukrainian, similar to Russian but not Russian. The Slovak language is very similar to the Polish language, but no one will say that for this reason Poland should make the annexation of Slovakia. On the other hand, Polish, Belarusian and Ukrainian have so many words in common that Russians have problems understanding. This is the result of 600 years of shared history.
        2. Aleksandr72
          Aleksandr72 26 September 2015 13: 41 New
          +13
          I fundamentally disagree with you.
          The Poles are generally a very peculiar nation. They always wanted to seize and crush more lands for themselves than they could digest and all the more had the right to these lands. At least the Polish elite dreamed about it and strove to achieve their dream at all costs, at first it’s clear-minded - is it necessary to remind that in Poland the ratio of nobles (well, or people who consider themselves as such) to the rest of the country's population was the highest in the world. At the same time, most of these gentry, who could not prove their noble origin in any other European country, had a holey kuntush and great-grandfather's saber from their property (not the fact that it was not stolen), but in excess of traditional ambition and an unreasonable appetite for neighboring countries. Greater Poland from Mozh to Mozh was a carefully cherished centuries-old dream of Polish aristocrats, and then the so-called military, political and creative elite. I must say that the Poles, with all the duplicity of their policies, were very lucky. The state of Poland was created thanks to Versailles after the 1st World War, despite the fact that the Poles fought on the side of both opposing coalitions. After the end of the Imperialist Poles, they managed to quarrel with all their neighbors, and even fight with Lithuania and Soviet Russia. Poles took away the Vilnius region from Lithuania, and the USSR, taking advantage of the latter’s temporary weakness, took Western Belarus and Ukraine, the same “Kresa seedlings”, on which the Poles stubbornly pursued a policy of forced polonization, including rivalry - when the Poles, including the former military, were besieged on lands formerly owned by Ukrainians or Belarusians, naturally the opinion of the true land owners was taken into account last, if any, at all. Then the Poles entered the war on the side of Nazi Germany, capturing the industrialized Tesinsky Territory during the occupation of the Czech Republic and Moravia.
          Now about the participation of Poland in the Second World War.
          This state, being the first victim of Hitler during this war, managed to fight against one of the countries of the Anti-Hitler coalition. I mean the declaration by the Polish émigré government of war to the Soviet Union in 1939 - which in Poland they prefer not to recall. Here is a link to an interesting article on this subject: http://www.chekist.ru/article/4742. You can still recall the army of Aders, which the USSR supplied, armed and trained during the most difficult period of the Great Patriotic War for our country, and the trained Polish soldiers, led by a general, made us a pen, going to fight for British interests, sincerely believing that they thereby bring freedom Poland. An interesting logic is where is Egypt and where is Poland.
          At the end of World War II, Poland again won a landslide advantage thanks to the position of the Soviet Union. The Poles received large territorial acquisitions mainly due to defeated Germany, but the USSR also transferred the Bialystok region to the Poles. By God, it would be better if the Poles were fused with Galicia. That would be joy and pshekam and ragul.
          In present-day Poland, they completely forgot about the 600-odd thousand Soviet soldiers who died for her release. And many liberalists in modern Ukraine and Belarus have just as completely forgotten about the Polish policy of polonization in the Crescent seedlings in the 30s. As well as how their grandparents with flowers in their hands met the Red Army, which freed them from Polish rule.
          I have the honor.
          1. Grandfather Luka
            Grandfather Luka 27 September 2015 15: 04 New
            0
            Polish politics has always been an instrument of the Vatican. Catholicism's crusade to the east was carried out by the Poles.
      2. Aaron Zawi
        Aaron Zawi 26 September 2015 22: 23 New
        -1
        Quote: war and peace
        Stalin’s mistake after the war to save this treacherous nation and a hostile state. Stalin thought that socialism would correct the inherent vices of the peoples, Jewish merchantry, Polish arrogance and cowardice.
        There was an opportunity then to change a lot, but historically the DISTORTED PICTURE OF THE WORLD did not allow Stalin to fully appreciate the realities ...

        Damn, where are the moderators? Frank Nazism.
        1. Grandfather Luka
          Grandfather Luka 27 September 2015 15: 06 New
          +1
          Yeah, the Jews tensed. The line will reach you too.
        2. alicante11
          alicante11 28 September 2015 15: 58 New
          +3
          Damn, where are the moderators? Frank Nazism.


          Damn, where the moderators in the world, the Jews again bombard the Syrian government troops, using terrorists as provocations. Frank Nazism.
    3. War and Peace
      War and Peace 26 September 2015 10: 18 New
      0
      Stalin’s mistake after the war to save this treacherous nation and a hostile state. Stalin thought that socialism would correct the inherent vices of the peoples, Jewish merchantry, Polish arrogance and cowardice.
      There was an opportunity then to change a lot, but historically the DISTORTED PICTURE OF THE WORLD did not allow Stalin to fully appreciate the realities ...
      1. antoni73
        antoni73 26 September 2015 15: 29 New
        -8
        Stalin wanted to rule in Germany. An open war against the Poles after 1945 would mean the loss of East Germany. The Americans and the British, of course, would take advantage of the situation. At this time, nuclear weapons are only in the hands of the United States.
        1. Rivares
          Rivares 26 September 2015 19: 22 New
          +1
          Quote: antoni73
          An open war against the Poles after 1945 would mean the loss of East Germany

          At 45, this would mean the defeat of Poland from the USSR. At that time, Poland was already a losing and dependent country that the USSR rebuilt.
    4. Grandfather Luka
      Grandfather Luka 27 September 2015 14: 43 New
      0
      In 1918, on the eve of the signing of the Brest-Litovsk Peace, Belarus was proclaimed. Just like Ukraine, with the same goals.
  2. ImPerts
    ImPerts 26 September 2015 07: 17 New
    +4
    We must pay tribute to Churchill, who called Poland the hyena of Europe. Now they perform the function of a pan-European plumber, both individually and collectively, as a country.
  3. surrozh
    surrozh 26 September 2015 07: 25 New
    +9
    Three times Poland was wiped off the map and, thanks to Russia, it was painted again. You can’t step on the rake for the fourth time, gentlemen!
    1. antoni73
      antoni73 26 September 2015 18: 22 New
      -11
      xaxa You stepped on a rake for the fourth time! 1939 is the fourth partition of Poland. But it turned out that as a result, your ally, Germany, was destroyed. He lost his territory and sovereignty, and now Berlin is 70 km from the border. He is Warsaw. In addition, there are American military bases in Germany - For the first time in 300 years in Europe, a state with greater potential than Russia. Without German support, the march of Russian soldiers in Poland ends in camps. in addition, the elimination of Polish Kresy means that the independence of Ukrainians and Belarusians is not a problem for Poland. This is an opportunity for us, because it is a blow to the imperial idea of ​​Russia. Today, Ukrainians and Belarusians should not seek help in protecting their independence against Poland. Today, they are turning for help against Russia. yes Russians stepped on a rake for the fourth time!
      1. revnagan
        revnagan 26 September 2015 19: 48 New
        0
        Quote: antoni73
        Today, they are turning for help against Russia.

        You are lying, Pshek. For help, it’s not the state of Ukraine, but the Jewish oligarchs who seized power there. Despite the cries of “Russian aggression”, the majority of the population does not see the enemy in Russia as well as the “aggression” itself. come here you, tseshiks, and the people of Ukraine will not need to be lifted - Poles in uniform with weapons on our land are subject to immediate destruction. And do not be misled by the hospitality of Waltzman and Co.
  4. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 26 September 2015 07: 30 New
    +7
    Belarusians Pshekov remember - until now, old people remember Curses.
    1. antoni73
      antoni73 26 September 2015 15: 35 New
      -9
      Belarusians with Curses sometimes also speak about Russians. E.g. Comments about the film, which was made by journalists from Russia:

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lP9FzRd6d3g
  5. Fox
    Fox 26 September 2015 07: 55 New
    +3
    Quote: Volga Cossack
    Belarusians Pshekov remember - until now, old people remember Curses.

    as in Samara Chekhov.
    1. Vladimir Pozlnyakov
      Vladimir Pozlnyakov 26 September 2015 09: 04 New
      0
      And Ternopil Bandera, according to a classmate who had been practicing at the salt mine in 1960, declared: "But under Poland there was more paint!"
  6. sania1304
    sania1304 26 September 2015 08: 13 New
    +9
    Yes ... My grandmother, who lived at the Poles near Grodno, said: it’s better under the bad Ivan than under the Polish pan.
    1. sergeyf77
      sergeyf77 26 September 2015 09: 41 New
      -10
      But many people told me that life was better with the Poles. Yes, I had to work.
      1. 0255
        0255 26 September 2015 10: 04 New
        +1
        Quote: sergeyf77
        But many people told me that life was better with the Poles. Yes, I had to work.

        Whoever, I heard such stories myself. Someone lived better, someone worse.
    2. 0255
      0255 26 September 2015 09: 46 New
      +6
      My grandmother lived in Grodno, said: her mother died before the war, her father married a Polish girl, her father died after the war, undermining health at the front, her stepmother married a Pole. And the new husband told the stepmother "I do not want the soviet to live with us," her stepmother passed to the orphanage on the orders of her new husband. Poles of Belarusians called "advice".
      But now our “svenders” are shouting that a bad USSR, together with Hitler, attacked good Poland, without thinking that if there hadn’t been this “attack”, modern Belarus would be 2 times smaller.
      1. sergeyf77
        sergeyf77 26 September 2015 10: 52 New
        +3
        My grandfather was injured, captured. At camp 45, the Americans liberated and after that the trains drove former prisoners of war to Siberia, so the Poles, escaping from the train, said: come with us, you will live, we will shelter. Grandfather escaped from the train and spent six months still at home in the dugout ... Not all Poles are bad. It’s just that you see more bad things and remember them longer.
      2. antoni73
        antoni73 26 September 2015 15: 42 New
        -7
        And you don’t think, if this attack hadn’t happened, 30% of Belarusians would not have died.
  7. washi
    washi 26 September 2015 08: 32 New
    +12
    We did not occupy Polish territory. We freed our own, defined by the Curzon line.
    1. X Y Z
      X Y Z 26 September 2015 12: 22 New
      +3
      Exactly. This is precisely the territory that was arbitrarily seized by Poland against the border recognized by the world community - the Curzon line. We could not resist this capture at that time. After the capture, the Poles took up their favorite pastime - polonization, and in such a form and by such methods that they can be compared with the actions of the Nazis. Moreover, historians argue that a significant part of the killed Poles in Katyn are representatives of the Polish colonial administration of Kresy.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. Aleksander
        Aleksander 26 September 2015 13: 53 New
        +1
        Quote: XYZ
        Exactly. This is precisely the territory that was arbitrarily seized by Poland against the border recognized by the world community - the Curzon line. We could not resist this capture at that time. After the capture, the Poles took up their favorite pastime - polonization, and in such a form and by such methods that they can be compared with the actions of the Nazis. Moreover, historians argue that a significant part of the killed Poles in Katyn are representatives of the Polish colonial administration of Kresy.


        I agree with everything except one: "recognized by the international community - the Curzon line. Confront this takeover while we could not.".
        During the crazy red-offensive adventure in Poland in the summer of 1920, they went far beyond this line, trying to fan the world "revolution" in Europe, although the Entente offered the Bolsheviks precisely the Curzon line during their offensive. But the Leninists wanted to fan the world revolution, then a regular rout followed, the consequences of which are still felt ...
        1. anip
          anip 26 September 2015 16: 51 New
          0
          Quote: Aleksander
          But the Leninists wanted to fan the world revolution, then a regular rout followed, the consequences of which are still felt ...

          Not Lenin, but Trotsky and mediocre Tukhachevsky.
    2. antoni73
      antoni73 26 September 2015 15: 56 New
      -4
      But it was not the land of Moscow. Moscow land east of Smolensk. On the other hand, you think that someone in London has the right to decide about the border in another region. But in the future, someone in London may decide that the Sino-Russian border should be in the Urals. Russia has not always been big. Most of the territory of Russia is the result of aggression and annexation. China still yearns for its northern territories.
      1. alexej123
        alexej123 26 September 2015 20: 39 New
        +2
        Dear, from you carries the usual cheap trolling. All are good - Russia alone is bad. Stalin proposed once and for all to shorten Hitler to the Munich agreement. Who opposed? That's right, your beloved Poland. Who participated with Hitler in the Deriban of Czechoslovakia? That's right, your beloved Poland. Speak less, read more books. And even China came here, an ordinary cheap troll.
      2. alexej123
        alexej123 26 September 2015 20: 39 New
        +2
        Dear, from you carries the usual cheap trolling. All are good - Russia alone is bad. Stalin proposed once and for all to shorten Hitler to the Munich agreement. Who opposed? That's right, your beloved Poland. Who participated with Hitler in the Deriban of Czechoslovakia? That's right, your beloved Poland. Speak less, read more books. And even China came here, an ordinary cheap troll.
  8. wk
    wk 26 September 2015 09: 08 New
    +4
    something seems to me the last photo of the “victim of the Volyn massacre” is far-fetched ..... the picture clearly shows a bombed street ... maybe in a concentration camp ... the bodies are laid out parallel to those buildings where they died .... in the background most of the bodies in striped robes of prisoners .... never when I did not think that the striped robe is the national costume of Poland ..... more than once they show in VO photographs
  9. Nikolay K
    Nikolay K 26 September 2015 10: 11 New
    +1
    The Galicians did not want to be Little Russians, they became little Poles
    1. revnagan
      revnagan 26 September 2015 19: 50 New
      0
      Quote: Nikolai K
      became low-polarity

      ... underpolished.
  10. parusnik
    parusnik 26 September 2015 10: 11 New
    +3
    The historian Mikhail Meltiukhov writes that on September 20 the motorized group of the 16th Rifle Corps under the command of the brigade commander Rozanov “at Skidel encountered a Polish detachment (about 200 people), which suppressed the anti-Polish demonstration of the local population. 17 local residents were killed in this punitive raid, including two teenagers 13 and 16 years old... And it should be noted that this was not the only case .. In addition, when the lands of Western Belarus fell under Poland under the Riga Treaty .. in these territories there was a steady partisan movement, which was supported by the local population ..
    1. denis6064
      denis6064 26 September 2015 20: 36 New
      +2
      This movement was brutally suppressed. Even children were dealt with. A Polish-made revolver Nagan (Radom) was issued to settlers in Western Belarus for protection from the local population. Photo pioneers 13 and 14 years old. Pay attention to the column: the crime of communism. I apologize for the quality of the photo taken by phone.
  11. Kilo-11
    Kilo-11 26 September 2015 13: 37 New
    0
    From a military point of view, the liberation campaign of the Red Army in Western Belarus and Ukraine is the first practical experience of our blitzkrieg and there is nothing shameful or shameful about this. Not everything went smoothly in this campaign, and the work of the army headquarters / groups was criticized based on its results, the organization of communication and interaction between the armed forces, the work of the rear was generally considered unsatisfactory. Nevertheless, we have what we have. The campaign itself cannot be called an easy walk - in the cities of Vilno, Grodno, Ternopol, Lviv, in the area of ​​Shatsk and others the points were the most that there were real battles with the Polish Armed Forces and armed groups / border guards, gendarmes, volunteer groups /. During the liberation campaign, the Red Army lost 1475 people killed, wounded, about 3900 people, the territorial-BSSR increased by 2 times, The Ukrainian SSR received Galicia, Lithuania was returned to Vilnius / Vilnius /, which the Lithuanians consider their historical capital. Only now the modern rulers of Little Russia and Lithuania do not remember thanks to whom and what in their composition tran the above territories appeared. In general, they piled little on this arrogant psh ... m, they deserved more and deserve more.
  12. Oldman
    Oldman 26 September 2015 15: 05 New
    +1
    Can I put in my five cents? I will not talk about the politics of that time, or who is right and who is to blame. A little sketch from personal life. I spent my childhood and adolescence, which occurred in the 50-60 years, in western Belarus. I lived in the village of Vishnevo, Volozhinsky district. I well remember the beginning of the 50's and the fear that hung in almost every house in the village. Why fear? Yes, because almost all the men in the village who had their own households, and here it must be said that the Belarusian peasants were mostly single-handed and lived quite prosperously, were sent to the Karelian-Finnish Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic after the war, where they sang at sawmills. And only after the death of Stalin they began to return home, and immediately folded manat and left for Poland. I remember this terrible picture when several carts started off from the house where all my life was spent, I remember the hysteria of women, the tears in the eyes of men ... Yes, guys, that was how I saw it.
    1. denis6064
      denis6064 26 September 2015 20: 11 New
      0
      On August 18, 1955, on the basis of Decree of the Council of Ministers No. 1535-858s, repatriation of people of Polish and Jewish nationality, as well as members of their families, to Poland began. Resolution No. 2073-1123 of December 15.12.56, 6.07.45 confirmed their right to repatriation provided for by the Soviet-Polish agreement of On July 1945, 23519, a particular interest was shown in previously unevacuated Poles and Jewish immigrants from pre-war Poland, who later became USSR citizens and did not use the right to evacuate in 1956. Police authorities dealt with finding out Polish citizenship. Of the 9088 Poles deregistered before special settlers 3000 people repatriated on July XNUMX, while a certain number of Soviet Jews left with them (about XNUMX people)
  13. moskowit
    moskowit 26 September 2015 16: 12 New
    +2
    In the first photo, our dashing young major of the tank troops, holding a cigarette in his hand, which emphasizes an independent position, speaks quite level with two generals and a lieutenant colonel of the Wehrmacht. Well done. I wonder who he is? What he became if he survived the Great War ...
    1. Snoop
      Snoop 13 January 2018 22: 33 New
      0
      And he has a very aggressive look))) He seems to run into a German))
  14. Evgeniy30
    Evgeniy30 26 September 2015 21: 45 New
    0
    Quote: Aleksander
    Quote: XYZ
    Exactly. This is precisely the territory that was arbitrarily seized by Poland against the border recognized by the world community - the Curzon line. We could not resist this capture at that time. After the capture, the Poles took up their favorite pastime - polonization, and in such a form and by such methods that they can be compared with the actions of the Nazis. Moreover, historians argue that a significant part of the killed Poles in Katyn are representatives of the Polish colonial administration of Kresy.


    I agree with everything except one: "recognized by the international community - the Curzon line. Confront this takeover while we could not.".
    During the crazy red-offensive adventure in Poland in the summer of 1920, they went far beyond this line, trying to fan the world "revolution" in Europe, although the Entente offered the Bolsheviks precisely the Curzon line during their offensive. But the Leninists wanted to fan the world revolution, then a regular rout followed, the consequences of which are still felt ...

    Actually, the Poles started the war, and not some Bolsheviks.
  15. Stilet
    Stilet 26 September 2015 22: 26 New
    0
    Nice to be Russian!