Military Review

Yak-130 aircraft modernization projects: light attack aircraft and drone

In the past few years, the Yak-130 combat training aircraft has been mass-produced and actively used for training flight crews. It is noted that the on-board radio-electronic equipment and control systems of this machine make it possible to imitate the “behavior” of all modern domestic combat aircraft: this feature is most actively used in the training of future pilots. In addition, experts say that the Yak-130 has great potential for modernization and can perform a wide range of tasks, not limited only by pilot training.

It has long been known that the Yak-130 will be able to perform some combat missions. The project in its basic configuration allows the transportation of missile and bomb weapons weighing up to 3 t. To destroy aerial targets, this aircraft can use short-range P-73 air-to-air missiles, and unguided missiles and bombs of various types are offered for strikes against ground targets. caliber to 500 kg. Thus, if necessary, the Yak-130 can, with some restrictions, be used as a combat aircraft.

Not so long ago, representatives of the Russian defense industry touched upon the modernization of the combat Yak-130 with the "transformation" into a full-fledged light attack aircraft. It was argued that Russian specialists could undertake such a project in case of demand from potential foreign customers. Later, in confirmation of these statements, a modernized version of the aircraft with enhanced capabilities for attacking ground targets was demonstrated.

Yak-xnumx. Photo

At the recent aerospace show MAKS-2015, the Irkut corporation, engaged in the serial construction of the Yak-130, demonstrated the first copy of a modernized aircraft with an updated composition of equipment. The main innovation of this modernization, aimed at expanding the combat capabilities of the aircraft, is the laser range finder-target designator installed in the nose of the fuselage. It is expected that such equipment will allow the aircraft to more effectively carry out strikes against ground targets using all available weapons. With the help of a rangefinder, the aircraft will be able to more accurately determine the location of the target and carry out the attack.

The TASS news agency, citing a representative of the Irkut Corporation, reported that such a modernization was a response to a corresponding request from one of the foreign countries. The unnamed foreign customer expressed interest in the shock modification of the Yak-130, as a result of which Russian enterprises made some modifications to the aircraft. By the time the MAKS-2015 exhibition began, experts had time to conduct some tests on the updated aircraft and its new equipment. In the future, it is expected to begin testing weapons using a rangefinder.

The introduction of a laser rangefinder into the avionics, as follows from the statements of specialists, makes it possible to markedly increase the strike potential of a combat training aircraft. To further enhance the performance of the existing Yak-130, new equipment is needed to find targets and ensure effective attacks. Currently, domestic enterprises are actively engaged in such projects.

An active participant in the Yak-130 aircraft modernization project are enterprises that are part of the Radio Electronic Technology Concern (KRET). They are developing new on-board systems for domestic aviation equipment in general and for the Yak-130 aircraft in particular. According to the latest data, KRET specialists are currently engaged in several projects whose purpose is to expand the combat capabilities of this aircraft.

It is reported that as part of creating a promising light attack aircraft, KRET is developing several new instruments. For the new aircraft, a new radar station (radar) and an optical-electronic aim-navigation system (OEPNK) are being created. Such equipment will greatly simplify the process of tracking the situation and finding the target. In addition, it is planned to improve the characteristics of the attack of detected objects and expand the range of usable weapons.

Vladimir Mikheev, Advisor to the First Deputy Director General of KRET, states that after the planned modernization, the Yak-130 will be able to effectively solve tasks in the framework of several combat use scenarios envisaged for fourth-generation fighter jets and attack aircraft. At the same time, Mikheev notes that the Yak-130 has advantages over other aircraft in terms of efficiency and basing features. The modernized aircraft will be able to participate not only in the fight against illegal armed groups and terrorists, but also with a modern, well-equipped enemy. In the latter case, a light attack aircraft can strike, without entering the zone of action of enemy air defense.

The official website of the Radioelectronic Technologies concern provides some details of the avionics project for the upgraded version of the Yak-130. Prospective radar will enter the complex of radio-electronic means, which will operate under the control of a single combat central computer. OEPNK and other systems will also be included in this complex.

The radar will allow the aircraft to monitor the situation in the air and on the ground. In addition, it will be able to carry out mapping of the underlying surface and thereby facilitate the implementation of combat missions. With the help of radar, the aircraft will be able to search for targets and carry out target designation when using air-to-air and air-to-surface weapons of various types, including anti-ship and anti-radar missiles.

Optical-electronic sighting and navigation system will provide an opportunity to use high-precision missile and bomb weapons. In particular, it will be possible to use guided missiles P-73E, X-29L, X-25MS, X-29ML, Whirl-M, etc.

V. Mikheev argues that such a modernization of on-board electronics will significantly increase the potential technical characteristics of the Yak-130. In terms of its capabilities, it will approach the specialized Su-25CM attack aircraft. In addition, in some situations, the upgraded Yak-130 will be able to replace the Su-30CM fighter, which, among other things, will save the resource of more expensive equipment.

Thus, at present, one of the main tasks of the Irkut Corporation and the Radioelectronic Technologies concern is the “transformation” of a combat training aircraft into a full-fledged strike machine. To implement these plans, it is necessary to develop several new systems that expand the combat capabilities of the aircraft. These works will take some time and, probably, in a few years a full-fledged sample of a light attack aircraft based on the Yak-130 will be shown.

In the future, the current combat training aircraft Yak-130 can become the basis for another combat vehicle with a number of new features. V. Mikheev notes that an unmanned aerial vehicle of a shock designation may be created on the basis of an existing aircraft in the future. Such an unmanned attack aircraft will have high performance, and in some respects it will surpass similar foreign-made equipment. Thus, the unmanned Yak-130 will surpass one of the most famous drums of the UAV, the American design, in terms of the number of tasks and thrust-carrying capacity.

However, the project of an unmanned light attack aircraft is associated with certain difficulties. KRET already has a number of technologies needed to create such a machine. However, when developing a full-fledged modernization project, you will have to spend a lot of time and effort on the most serious processing of the original machine. To install remote control systems will have to make significant changes to the existing complex avionics.

The dates for the start of work on the project of the Yak-130 baseless attack aircraft have not yet been named. Moreover, so far even the very possibility of starting the development of such a project can be a subject of discussion at different levels. Therefore, at the moment, specialists of several defense industry enterprises are engaged only in the project of a light attack aircraft based on a combat training aircraft. Nevertheless, it cannot be excluded that in the future the Yak-130 will become the basis for other equipment of other classes. The modernization potential of the project has not yet been exhausted and can be used in new projects.

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  1. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 22 September 2015 07: 13 New
    From one reading, I learn the article. Or a repetition of mother teaching ... For those who skipped?
    1. DanSabaka
      DanSabaka 22 September 2015 08: 14 New
      There is nothing surprising in a large number of articles on this topic.
      An unnamed foreign customer showed interest in the shock modification of the Yak-130

      Anyway, in the world there is a demand for such equipment. And there is competition here. Even if you do not remember the shock versions of the Hawks and Alpha Jets, the specialized light shock Scorpion is now entering the market.
      It is necessary to stake out and compete with the market.
    2. Juborg
      Juborg 22 September 2015 14: 54 New
      UAV - MQ-9 Reaper, a screw with a long flight time, and UAVs from the Yak, turbojet, fuel consumption and time in the air are incommensurable in the American.
  2. Engineer
    Engineer 22 September 2015 08: 38 New
    Well, we’ve already discussed everything here a hundred times from Yak, right up to heartburn, these topics. I heard about the drone from the yak, but there’s not much from 130 and it’s not at all clear why the airplane should be converted into a drone if you can immediately design a normal drone with a normal layout. And here it turns out that the cockpit and the pilot were removed, so all the equipment should be located there to maintain the alignment of the aircraft.
    1. Aqela
      Aqela 22 September 2015 17: 53 New
      Something there with the interest is confused ... 125% comes out. At the same time, why carry out the Yak-130 as a fighter-bomber + attack aircraft. Still, for the tasks of the attack aircraft - somehow not very ... It will be rather weak. yes
      1. Ahriman exile
        Ahriman exile 23 September 2015 00: 10 New
        He acts like a light attack, no more
        His tasks are to hit several targets with precision weapons and fly away, or provide easy support, like the Douglas A-1 Skyraider, which coped with its tasks perfectly :)
  3. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 22 September 2015 08: 48 New
    Scorpio is a different approach to a military aircraft; it is built on civilian technologies; an ecl will be cheaper.
  4. Magic archer
    Magic archer 22 September 2015 08: 55 New
    First you need to put in the troops the necessary number of UBS Yak. And then think about whether it needs an assault modification! After the collapse of the USSR AND DOSAAF, there are almost no UBS left in our country. And those that are outdated. A long time ago you need a flying school desk. You can minus but I express my opinion here. And by the way. Regarding the assault modification and comparing its capabilities with the Su-25 SM. The stupidity is utter. The grach was created for thrombosis and burning the earth, therefore it’s also armored where necessary and the systems are duplicated! And Yak is just UBS. speaking at low altitudes tlichnaya target for small oruzhiya.Poetomu I fundamentally opposed to such modifikatsii.Esli only eksport.Lotchikov berech.I should be better for the use of attack drones and Dryers hi
  5. gallville
    gallville 22 September 2015 09: 34 New
    Revive the IL-10M and all things (a little upgrade). Yak is very expensive for a light attack aircraft.
    1. rosarioagro
      rosarioagro 22 September 2015 09: 44 New
      Quote: gallville
      Revive the IL-10M and all things (a little upgrade).

      And what kind of engine is it, AI-24, so where to get it? And here’s how the Yak-130 drone
      1. gallville
        gallville 23 September 2015 23: 18 New
        Problem setting up a release? And if you put the modern one so also the flight characteristics will increase.
    2. Igor K
      Igor K 22 September 2015 14: 26 New
      The IL-104 is the very thing to pass the arrow to arms control and forward.
  6. dudinets
    dudinets 22 September 2015 09: 48 New
    but is it worth it to think about using it as a deck aircraft. and what - light and combat. and?
  7. bmv04636
    bmv04636 22 September 2015 09: 55 New
    Meanwhile, the Norwegian authorities announced plans to buy 52 fifth-generation F-35 fighter-bombers from the United States. The question is at whose expense the banquet will be? They decided to see the Norwegians to tear up their welfare fund, or, nevertheless, the owner of the most important "light elf" decided not to be in debt for him alone and drives others into debt. laughing
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 24 September 2015 10: 49 New
      They have 900 billion dollars in their fund,
      almost a trillion. This is only 5 million people
      population. You can only envy.
      They can absolutely without straining and buy 100 F-35,
      if it comes to your head.
  8. iouris
    iouris 22 September 2015 11: 13 New
    He doesn’t feel like a "attack aircraft". Rather, it can be called an "anti-partisan aircraft". The main purpose of this platform is the effective training of military pilots. And to train military pilots means to train them in combat use for ground and air targets. L-39 is not suitable for this.
  9. The comment was deleted.
  10. Shtyn dwarf
    Shtyn dwarf 22 September 2015 12: 47 New
    Quote: Engineer
    Well, we’ve already discussed everything here a hundred times from Yak, right up to heartburn, these topics. I heard about the drone from the yak, but there’s not much from 130 and it’s not at all clear why the airplane should be converted into a drone if you can immediately design a normal drone with a normal layout. And here it turns out that the cockpit and the pilot were removed, so all the equipment should be located there to maintain the alignment of the aircraft.

    To make the lamp radio-transparent and put a directional antenna there will be a cool UAV!
  11. marshes
    marshes 22 September 2015 13: 36 New
    Something this news is duplicated or what?
    Well, according to the Yak-130, it is foolish to consider it as a full-fledged attack aircraft, and as a bomber, a carrier of highly accurate weapons, it would not be bad, it can be used in tandem with UAVs, there are reasons that UAVs are not sold to a number of countries.
    Of course, airplanes of a class higher but expensive can be used as carriers of weapons.
    In general, 130 will not be bad for solving highly specialized counter-terrorism tasks and may become a competitor to some models of anti-guerrilla aircraft.
    By the way appeared KAB-250.
  12. Nik_One
    Nik_One 23 September 2015 03: 43 New
    In fact, it was high time to make the Yak-130 a single-seat light attack aircraft. Who says that he will be weak, not all countries can afford the Su-25. A similar aircraft would be very relevant in a number of countries.
    1. seos
      seos 10 November 2015 13: 47 New
      Su-25 (Su-39) is cheaper than the Yak-130
  13. samoletil18
    samoletil18 23 September 2015 19: 11 New
    Something in any comment about "the Papuans to drive" did not come across. Even somehow unusual.
  14. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 24 September 2015 15: 50 New
    Israeli pilots are actually training on the Yak-130.

    In its Italian version, based on the Yak-130: M-346 Master
    (Alenia Aermacchi)