Military Review

Flying armored personnel carrier: BTR-MDM "Shell"

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Flying armored personnel carrier: BTR-MDM "Shell"



Russian paratroopers have already begun to receive serial armored vehicles of the new model.

Among the new armored vehicles demonstrated to the general public at the Victory Parade in Moscow in 2015, there were also small, unusually “crazy” transporters with the Airborne Forces emblem on the lower front armor plate. These babies - and against the backdrop of new tanks and BMPs on the Armata platform, or the same BMPs and armored personnel carriers on the Kurganets-25 platform, they really look like younger brothers - they are officially named BTR-MD “Shell”. And this is the first in stories Post-Soviet Russia tracked armored personnel carrier, entering service with winged infantry. It was the incoming: the first batch of 12 armored personnel carriers was transferred to the Airborne Forces two months before the parade - in March 2015 of the year. And just before the end of the year, 62 new cars of this model will arrive in the troops.

Protracted birth


Like many modern types of weapons, entering or preparing to be put into service in the last ten years, the Rakushka BTR has a very long and difficult history. However, given the problems that the domestic military industrial complex experienced in the 90, one should be surprised not by the limitations of this story, but by the fact that the car was nevertheless brought up to the series, while seriously changing to meet the requirements of the times.

The first tracked airborne armored personnel carrier BTR-D, produced on the basis of the BMD-1 airborne assault vehicle, entered service with the Soviet airborne troops 40 years ago, in the 1974 year. The car turned out to be very successful, showing itself well in both Afghanistan and later in Chechnya. However, at the beginning of 90-s, it became clear that 20 years of immaculate service is great, but the machine is clearly morally obsolete. Therefore, in 1992, the military issued to designers of the Volgograd Tractor Plant design bureau, which produced the BTR-D, a technical task for a new generation car.

As you might guess, the work on the creation of an armored personnel carrier on this task was greatly delayed. The patent for BTR-MD, that is, the multi-purpose armored carrier landed, was issued 15 March 2007 of the year. The basis for it was the newly created and planned for adoption BMD-4. A year later, the Airborne Command issued a new technical task - to create an airborne BTR based on the new BMD-4М, in fact a heavily modernized BMD-3: the military required unified over many units of the machine. This model, created in the Special Design Bureau of Machine-Building at the Kurgan Machine-Building Plant, received the name BTR-MDM, that is, a modified one. The new model was first presented to the public in 2013, at the Russian exhibition of weapons Russian Arms Expo-2013 in Nizhny Tagil. Shortly before that, the first two vehicles of this model entered the troops for tests, and after the exhibition another ten were added to them.


The BMD-4М airborne assault vehicle during paratrooper exercises at the Dubrovichi training ground in the Ryazan region. Photo: Alexander Ryumin / TASS
What is capable of a winged armored personnel carrier


Traditionally, in the Soviet and then the Russian army, armored personnel carriers intended for the transport of personnel were wheeled and infantry fighting vehicles tracked, because in fact they were light tanks of direct support for infantry. The only exception was the Airborne Forces: the wheeled armored personnel carriers of the BTR-60 families could be landed only by landing method or on a special platform. Therefore, the tracked BTR-D was created based on the BMD-1. However, the main difference between infantry fighting vehicles and armored personnel carriers remained here: due to the lightening of the weapons, the troop unit was increased on the machine, which was primarily to transport personnel, rather than support it in the offensive.

This approach has been preserved in relation to the design of armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles / BMD for the modern Russian army. And since one of the main requirements of the modern armed forces is the multifunctionality of each type of armored vehicles, the designers have taken the path of unification, and even the creation of uniform armored platforms. A classic example of the second option is the platform type "Armata" and "Kurganets-25". And the first is the choice of BMD-4М, which becomes the main one for Russian airborne troops, as a platform for the BTR-MDM.

The armored personnel carrier differs from its “elder sister” primarily by lighter equipment. The BMD-4M is armed with a Bakhcha-U combat module with two 100 mm and 30 mm guns and a PKN 7,62 mm machine gun. However, due to the placement of the module had to reduce the number of paratroopers on board: only five, plus three crew members. The new BTR-MDM is the opposite: it is armed with only two PKTM machine guns of 7,62 mm caliber with 2000 ammunition for each (one is installed in a remote-controlled installation above the commander’s seat, the second, coursework in the front armor plate on the right, almost at the very side). Due to such a relief, the BTR-MDM is serviced by just two crew members and takes in more 2,5 times the paratroopers - the 13 man.

Another fundamental difference between the BTR-MDM and the BMD-4M is a large number of hatches, allowing the landing force and crew to get into the car and leave it in any conditions. Above the three front seats (in the center of the driver, to the left of his commander, to the right reserve) - three separate hatches classic round shape. Two more, rectangular, located above the seats for the landing and open up and sideways. Plus aft hatch, the widest, which can be used on the move as an armored shield: it opens forward-up, and under its cover, troops can fire from personal weapons.

BTR-MDM "Shell" at the 10-th international exhibition of weapons Russia Arms Expo - 2015 in the territory of the Nizhny Tagil State Demonstration and Exhibition Center of weapons and military equipment

BTR-MDM "Shell" at the 10-th international exhibition of weapons Russia Arms Expo - 2015 in the territory of the Nizhny Tagil State Demonstration and Exhibition Center of weapons and military equipment.

One car - five options

An inexperienced person, perhaps, cannot distinguish the Volgograd BTR-MD from the Kurgan BTR-MDM. The number of crew and assault forces they have the same, the overall layout and design of the machines also do not differ: in the front is the control compartment, in the middle is the amphibious compartment, in the back is the engine compartment. Both cars have the same variable clearance from 100 mm (minimum) to 500 mm (maximum); at the same time the working clearance makes 420 mm. Traffic figures are similar: speed on the highway - 70 km / h, on rough terrain - 45 – 50 km / h, on water (the armored personnel carrier has two jet propulsion) - 10 km / h.

But the characteristics of the engine and crawler propulsion gives them different capabilities. The Volgograd BTR-MD has a chassis from the BMD-4 and the same 450 horsepower engine, and the Kurgan BTR-MDM has an 4 horsepower engine installed on the BMD-500M, which gives it a greater specific power: 34 l. with. per ton of mass against 30 in the BTR-MD. And although the speed of both cars is the same, the Kurgan armored personnel carrier can, for example, be able to start more sharply and turn around more sharply, which can be important in combat conditions. The suspension and tracks of the BTR-MDM are also more reliable than the MD version. There is one more advantage of the machine produced by the Kurgan Machine-Building Plant: a much more substantial mine protection, which in the past few years has been a decisive factor.

As representatives of the Airborne Forces say, in total over the next ten years they should receive at least 250 BTR-MDM of various modifications. And not all of them will be armored personnel carriers intended for the transport of personnel. BTR-MDM was originally designed as a machine, on the basis of which, quickly and without much hassle, you can equip armored personnel carriers for various purposes. It is already known that, in addition to the BTR-MDM itself, the airborne troops will also receive the BMM-D1 armored sanitary conveyor, the BMM-D2 armored medical platoon and the BMM-D3 medical dressing machine on an extended seven-wheel chassis. In addition, on the basis of the BTR-MD, a reconnaissance and control module can be mounted (the landed version received an MPI-D index) from the Barnaul-T tactical link automation equipment set.
Author:
Originator:
http://rusplt.ru/sdelano-russkimi/letayuschiy-bronetransporter-btrmdm-rakushka-18869.html
23 comments
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  1. Seriomilander
    Seriomilander 27 September 2015 07: 31 New
    +5
    Of the landing equipment, the most chic!
    It’s a pity they didn’t tell about additional hinged protection ... this seems to be the trick of new equipment for the airborne forces.
    1. Yars
      Yars 27 September 2015 12: 13 New
      +2
      nice to watch her rushing across the field
      1. cosmos111
        cosmos111 27 September 2015 13: 48 New
        +1
        Quote: YARS
        nice to watch her rushing across the field


        YES nice ... BUT the question ??? in another...

        если ВДВ,отправят в Сирию,нужна им там будет такая бронетехника как"БМД-4М,БТР-МДМ"Ракушка "???

        bulletproof booking, lack of mine protection, not protection of the old monoblock RPG-7 ...

        Why buy, such an expensive airborne armored vehicles ... when it will not land when in combat conditions will not ...

        ЖЕРТВУЯ ЕЁ ЗАЩИЩЁННОСТЬЮ???один придорожный фгас 4-5 кг ..в т/э,и все кто в БМД и БТР-МД "Ракушка"трупы....
        1. cast iron
          cast iron 27 September 2015 16: 12 New
          +3
          Поэтому лучше вместо "ракушки" закупать небронированные ГАЗ-66. Так что ли? )))
          1. The comment was deleted.
          2. cosmos111
            cosmos111 27 September 2015 17: 45 New
            0
            Quote: cast iron
            Поэтому лучше вместо "ракушки" закупать небронированные ГАЗ-66. Так что ли? )))

            KAMAZ-43502 4x4 aviation identification ...

            for special forces of the Airborne Forces, we need a modular partially armored armored vehicles with mine protection ... self-transporting, with improved protection ...

            as an example, the modular BBM s-Flayer, for special operations forces SySyA ... of generag dynamics, quickly reconfigures for various missions ..., V-3500 Osprey is transported with a carrying capacity of up to 22 kilograms ((both on the external load and in the case)) , CH-53, C-130 and C-5 ...
            1. cast iron
              cast iron 28 September 2015 17: 39 New
              +1
              Вы шутите? Небронированный 2х осный КАМАЗ вместо полноценного гусеничного плавающего БТРа с пулеметной установкой? Три раза "ХА". КАМАЗ и половиной проходимости БТРа не обладает. Про броню вообще молчу. От осколков он не защитит. По пулхаммер на вашем фото - это очень узкоспециализированная техника, которая подходит далеко не всем и не всегда. Тем более войскам ВДВ.
        2. would
          would 27 September 2015 16: 25 New
          +1
          If it is not needed they will give another.

          Why buy, such an expensive airborne armored vehicles ... when it will not land when in combat conditions will not ...


          In order that we do not know whether it will be necessary to drop such a technique or not. Therefore, they buy it if they really need to immediately drop and not bite their elbows, realizing that they will have to go the other way most likely in a less profitable way. I am more than sure that the Ministry of Defense has more than one plan for the use of airborne forces with similar equipment, at least in neighboring countries.

          VICTIM OF ITS SECURITY ???


          If you add security, then this will not be an airborne descent technique, and you know about it.
        3. Disant
          Disant 28 September 2015 15: 43 New
          +1
          Why buy, such an expensive airborne armored vehicles ... when it will not land when in combat conditions will not ...

          ЖЕРТВУЯ ЕЁ ЗАЩИЩЁННОСТЬЮ???один придорожный фгас 4-5 кг ..в т/э,и все кто в БМД и БТР-МД "Ракушка"трупы....
          [/ Quote]
          .
          why for what - in the context of a large-scale war - for operations behind enemy lines as part of the Airborne Forces, when it will be necessary to capture (destroy) a certain area and (or) hold a certain time.
          .
          Roadside land mines are possible (overwhelmingly) in a guerrilla warfare. In a partisan Should appropriate forces to work, but not Airborne Forces - this is not their purpose. all other uses - from poverty
          .
          If, as you write "если ВДВ,отправят в Сирию,нужна им там будет такая бронетехника как"БМД-4М,БТР-МДМ"Ракушка "???[/ Quote]
          The answer is no, it is not needed in Syria, and in general the Airborne Forces do not need to do it, these are your fantasies about who is stronger - Bruce Lee or Chuck Norris ...
          with respect
        4. cast iron
          cast iron 28 September 2015 17: 41 New
          0
          You all try on the concepts of the airborne forces of the 40s to the 21st century. Today's task of the Airborne Forces is to instantly plug holes when an enemy breaks through a defense, for example. It’s just not possible to fill holes with onboard semi-civil KAMAZs))) The experience of Afghanistan and Chechnya has shown that using onboard trucks to transport soldiers is fraught with heavy losses from the smallest fragments.
          1. Disant
            Disant 28 September 2015 19: 34 New
            0
            I do not agree. what is the last century? we won’t even go far into documents, we’ll see the official website of the Ministry of Defense, quote:
            "Воздушно-десантные войска (ВДВ) — род войск Вооруженных Сил, являющийся средством Верховного Главнокомандования и designed to cover the enemy in the air and the fulfillment of tasks in its rear to disrupt command and control, seize and destroy ground elements of high-precision weapons, disrupt the advance and deployment of reserves, disrupt rear operations and communications, as well as cover (defend) certain areas, areas, open flanks, block and destroy the landed airborne assaults, erupted enemy groupings and other tasks.

            In peacetime, the Airborne Forces carry out the main tasks of maintaining combat and mobilization readiness на уровне, обеспечивающем их успешное применение по предназначению"
            end of quote
            .
            моё имхо - выполнение других задач - опять повторюсь - от бедности, "затыкание дырок" -как вы выразились
            .
            the main task for now is to maintain READINESS, that is, like the main task of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation - to keep everyone in suspense, overhang and threaten.
  2. kartalovkolya
    kartalovkolya 27 September 2015 08: 17 New
    +5
    Всего рассказывать нельзя,пусть это будет нашим "маленьким секретом" для наших "не совсем партнерам" (а может правильнее будет "совсем не партнерам"?) А вообще побольше бы для ВДВ техники хорошей и разной! Слава ВДВ!
  3. LMaksim
    LMaksim 27 September 2015 09: 53 New
    0
    As long as the engine is installed at the rear of the car, and its landing will jump inward through the top, I will not like this car. Look at the photos with the landing.
    I tried to take into account the critical comments of my colleagues, including those who have combat experience, so I bring to your court two options for weapons for such vehicles. Very interesting is the opinion of the expert community, especially those who have combat experience.
    Option 1
    As the main weapons used 30mm automatic gun 2A42 or 2A72 (it is lighter than the first), with an ammunition load of 300-500 shells. To combat enemy tanks, a complex of anti-tank missiles, such as the Cornet, is used. Its BC 4 guided missiles. By tradition, we use a 7,62mm PKT machine gun with 2000 rounds of ammunition. All.
    The advantages of this complex is that it is quite light and compact.
    The disadvantages will be that in addition to the ATGM, there is nothing more to fight with enemy tanks. In addition, the high-explosive action of a 30mm shell is small.
    Option 2
    The main weapon is a 125mm gun. Its ammunition will be clearly less than that of a tank, but I think that it’s quite realistic to accommodate 20-30 shells and anti-tank missiles. Moreover, 22 of them are already in the combat station of the automatic loader. 7,62mm PKT machine gun with an ammunition load of 2000 rounds remains unchanged. All.
    We get a heavier complex of weapons, more bulky, but!
    The high impact of a 125mm projectile will be clearly higher than that of a 30mm projectile, not only a set of anti-tank missiles, but also armor-piercing shells that are part of the combat vehicle’s ammunition can fight enemy tanks. Why is a 125mm gun used? Because it already exists in the tank units, with the adjusted supply of parts with ammunition.
    I like the second option even more than the first. Here is a powerful tank gun that can compete with a tank and infantry support fire. Do not like just its size and weight.
    PS maybe I’ve already been sickened of all with my theories and nit-picking for BMP, BMD, but I really want to find some middle ground.
    1. ROD VDVshny
      ROD VDVshny 27 September 2015 11: 49 New
      +8
      Quote: LMaksim
      Option 1: The main armament is a 30mm 2A42 or 2A72 automatic gun

      Quote: LMaksim
      Option 2: The main weapon is a 125mm cannon. Its ammunition will be clearly smaller than that of a tank, but I think that it’s quite realistic to accommodate 20-30 shells and anti-tank missiles

      I have an opinion that in the heat of the attack you considered the article to be read unnecessary.
      Пытаюсь сложить в голове санитарную машину на базе "Ракушки", перевязочную машину, КШМку типа "сороки", машину для саперов, машину для батареи ПТУР, "хозяйку" командира роты/машину замкомроты/санинструктора роты, на которой установлено такое вооружение.
      Простите, Вы никогда не пробовали затолкать носилки с раненым в боевую машину, в БМД? Или раненого без них? Вы не пробовали подвезти боеприпасы на БМД? Не пробовали привезти бурдюки с водой? Термосы с жратвой? Вы знаете объем, который занимают сухпайки на роту? Вы знаете, что рано или поздно, но "лишнее" на данный момент снаряжение солдат так или иначе окажется в ротном БТРе? Вышедшую из строя (по любым причинам, боевым или техническим) боевую машину потянет опять таки на галстуке БТР, а не БМД, ей бой вести, и по сторонам в колонне глазеть. БТР потащит, замкомроты и техник.
      The article is about the BTR. The combat vehicle has its own goals and objectives.

      Quote: LMaksim
      PS maybe I already got sick of everyone with my theories and nitpicking

      there is such
      1. LMaksim
        LMaksim 27 September 2015 12: 00 New
        0
        I have an opinion that in the heat of the attack you considered the article to be read unnecessary.

        Not at all. I have no negative emotions about this article and the machines described in it. I just remembered my thoughts about the BMD-4 and decided to put them here.
        The article is about the BTR. The combat vehicle has its own goals and objectives.

        Everything is clear, I remembered a bit at the wrong address about the weapons of the BMD.
      2. LMaksim
        LMaksim 27 September 2015 12: 11 New
        0
        You have been finding fault with me the first time. If I only write all sorts of nonsense, I will gladly save you from expressing my opinions. I will look for expert estimates on my other sites.
  4. rvsn90
    rvsn90 27 September 2015 11: 02 New
    +3
    Судя по заявленным характеристикам наших боевых "аппаратов", а также по многочисленным комментам самих разработчиков у нашей техники заложен, изначально, огромный конструкторский потенциал...
    Думаю, что всех ТТХ нам не узнать, хотя бы потому ,что это военные разработки и нам показывают только "верхушку айсберга" wink Быстрее бы в войска все эти "произведения" good
    I agree with LMaksim, loading from the top position in the BMD-4M is not feng shui, definitely negative
    1. LMaksim
      LMaksim 27 September 2015 12: 01 New
      0
      I agree with LMaksim, loading from the top position in the BMD-4M is not feng shui, definitely

      That's why I mostly criticize our technique.
  5. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 27 September 2015 13: 58 New
    +2
    beautiful machine and functional.
    1. Disant
      Disant 28 September 2015 15: 13 New
      0
      which one ?
      The article posted photo bmd-2 ....
  6. rubidiy
    rubidiy 27 September 2015 14: 30 New
    +1
    перестал читать после фразы "...на нижнем переднем броневом листе."
    1. lelikas
      lelikas 27 September 2015 15: 05 New
      +3
      Quote: rubidiy
      перестал читать после фразы "...на нижнем переднем броневом листе."

      But in vain! We missed the signature for the first photo - BMD-4M during the exercises - I always thought that it looks something like this -
  7. Bryanskiy_Volk
    Bryanskiy_Volk 27 September 2015 14: 44 New
    +2
    Military equipment, in principle, can be divided into two categories:
    1) equipment which is better to fight
    2) the technique on which it is better to serve
    "Ракушка", очевидно, не в первой. hi
  8. SuperEnot
    SuperEnot 27 September 2015 16: 30 New
    +1
    В свою бытность , в 92-93 году , санинструктором роты(7ВДД, 119ПДП, г.Мариамполе) , в отсутствие механа приходилось управлять БТР-Д "Робот". Спорное удовольствие, и весьма малый полезный объём. То что я сейчас вижу в "Ракушке" это уход от концепции ядерной войны (выросшие борта и высота) и воплощенные просьбы солдат и офицеров. Очень порадовало ДУМ и множество люков. Жаль что только долго ,10 лет!,планируется переоснащать.
  9. Radikal
    Radikal 27 September 2015 17: 59 New
    +4

    According to representatives of the Airborne Forces, in total over the next ten years they should receive at least 250 BTR-MDM of various modifications
    Cool! 25 pcs. per year, 2 pcs. per month! When they receive the last ten half of what they received earlier, it will be necessary to write off! Cool!
  10. max702
    max702 27 September 2015 19: 19 New
    +1
    I repeat my thought. and if you plug in a new engine with 816l \ s, it will probably take off without an airplane!
    rs: There was a video where the shell swam along with the BMP-3 and BMD-4m and, oddly enough, with the largest internal volume, it swam the worst .. And in light of the new possibilities for transferring the engine from stern to bow, can an armored troop-carrier do that too? After all, it is the convenience of loading and unloading that is almost the most important requirement for a machine of this class, the volume is not small is buzzing, but how can you load and unload something heavy and voluminous? And if the wounded?
  11. korvin1976
    korvin1976 28 September 2015 09: 02 New
    +3
    Я рад что в наших войсках появляется новая техника, "Ракушка" не исключение, но........
    For me personally, this joy spoils a little the look of the new car.
    All our equipment has always looked harmonious and even beautiful. no need to go far:
    our T-72,80,90 and Abrams - harmony and beauty, I think it’s clear where
    our BMP and BMD and Bradley - here in my opinion there’s nothing to even compare
    ours and their planes - not everyone agrees, but still
    Yes, and many other different equipment
    It seemed that our designers laid in our equipment not only technical specifications, but also used the rules of the golden section.
    И что мы видим в "Ракушке" - нет уже той красоты и гармоничности присущей нашей старой технике, по факту "Ракушка" внешне выглядит как страшилище Бредли.
    I understand that the appearance is not the main thing, but nevertheless this fact for me personally spoils a little joy from adopting a new machine.

    Примечание: даже Т-14 "Армата" со своими инновационными формами, угловатыми формами, и прочими прелестями, выглядит не привычно, но вполне гармонично и красиво.
  12. Gunther
    Gunther 29 September 2015 05: 12 New
    +1
    To the author of the article minus for negligence:
    BMD-4M airborne assault vehicle during exercises of paratroopers at the Dubrovichi training ground in the Ryazan region. Photo: Alexander Ryumin / TASS What is a winged armored personnel carrier capable of

    in the original article:
    BTR-MDM "Shell" at the 10th international arms exhibition Russia Arms Expo - 2015 on the territory of the Nizhny Tagil State Arms and Military Equipment Demonstration and Exhibition Center. Photo: Donat Sorokin / TASS

    Such negligence with a photo upsets, and yes, Lelikas is your plus :-)