Military Review

Kremlin key

43
We thought and thought American strategists, and decided: we don’t need to think further, everything was invented by the Russians. "Top" news the last days were reports of the likely support of the White House of Moscow, which helps Syria fight the "IG". Washington is ready to provide Russian intelligence data. In fact, we can talk about some restoration of contacts between the United States and the Russian Federation. The West is to blame for the bloodshed in Syria and in Ukraine, some analysts say, and Putin has the key to a breakthrough.


Kremlin key


The European press acknowledges that Washington is ready to cooperate with Russia in the fight against the "Islamic State". This is what German publications “Bild” and “Spiegel” write about. "The situation in Syria is so dead-end that Washington is redefining its course and goes on to the fact that just a few weeks ago it was impossible to imagine: it negotiates with Russia at the diplomatic and military level," the newspaper quoted Spiegel magazine "Sight". The German edition reminds that earlier, due to the Ukrainian crisis, Washington’s dialogue with Moscow in the military sphere was frozen.

Spiegel writes that Barack Obama is under strong pressure from his opponents in the United States. Some critics of the course of the White House say that Washington should not interfere in the affairs of Syria, while others, on the contrary, believe that American participation is insufficient. But both sides agree that the American plans to inflict airstrikes on the positions of "IG" failed, said RIA News". The restoration of contacts between the States and Russia is a sign that the United States realized: the war in Syria cannot be stopped without the help of Moscow.

“Russia’s goal was to force the United States to negotiate.” On this front, Putin has been successful, ”says political analyst Dmitry Trenin, head of the Moscow Carnegie Center.

True, it is not clear whether cooperation will follow the restoration of contacts. The political scientist admits that the two sides just do not want to "in vain create obstacles to each other in Syria."

According to the Italian edition “L'Opinione”, quoted by the newspaper "Sight"Europe will soon forget about Ukraine for the sake of the victory over the “IG”: after all, the Islamist victories in the Middle East force us to reshape the world agenda.

As Vzglyadu said, the editor-in-chief of Arsenal of the Fatherland magazine, Viktor Murakhovsky, “the military are pragmatists, they see what is happening in the Middle East. They understand that without the support of Russia, it is impossible to crush the IS. The US Department of Defense is interested in cooperating with Russia regarding different regions of the world. ”

In a British newspaper «The Independent» An article appeared by analyst Kim Sengupta under the catchy headline: “The West is to blame for the Syrian and Ukrainian bloodshed, and the key to a breakthrough lies with Putin.”

According to the author, in two wars by “alien hands” in which the West participates, major changes have occurred. The ceasefire agreement in eastern Ukraine is now holding, and there is a glimmer of hope for a peaceful future. New efforts have been made to resolve the Syrian crisis.

Russia also participates in these wars, the analyst notes, and currently holds a strategically strong position. The frozen conflict in the Donbas benefits the Kremlin, and in Syria, Moscow openly increases its military presence, while at the same time taking the lead in diplomacy.

Ukraine has now faded into the background for the West, since the conflict in Syria has led to the intensification of the IS and the emergence of numerous refugees in Europe. European politicians are to blame for this chaos. Britain played a leading role in the 2003 year in the invasion of Iraq and military intervention in Libya. David Cameron, recalls the analyst, actively advocated the bombing of Libya. Later, he was the first to make the call “Assad should leave,” but at that time, perhaps, the conflict could be settled by peaceful means. The aggressiveness of the West and its inability to strive for peace led to the war in Syria, which claimed 220.000 lives, and seven million people left homeless. More than four million refugees left the country. And now Europe is paying for its mistakes.

What to do? Now, the West is considering Russia, whose proposals, with an offended mien, rejected three years ago as a state that can play a “key role” in the search for a Syrian solution. Former British and American military leaders are calling for an alliance with Russia and even for finding mutual understanding with B. Assad in order to jointly fight IS.

Meanwhile, V. Putin, reminds Sengupta, showed that Russia will support the ruling regime in Syria. “Without the active participation of the Syrian authorities and the military, it would be impossible to expel the terrorists from this country and the region as a whole,” the Russian president said. “Without Russia's support for Syria, the situation in the country would be even worse than in Libya, and the flow of refugees would be even greater.”

According to the analyst, the President of Russia now holds all the trump cards.

Reviewer MIA "Russia Today" Rostislav Ischenko described "Free Press" his vision of the situation: “Assad himself said that he could leave if the Syrian people wanted it. The will of the people can be determined in elections, but it can be so simple - on a whim. That is, Assad at any time may decide that in the interests of the Syrian people he should leave. However, during the civil war, the leader of one of the parties almost never leaves. Such a move would lead to demoralization and surrender. Hence, the war must either end in a compromise peace, or someone else's victory. Russia, except for a compromise world (which is less and less possible), is satisfied with the victory of Assad. Should I leave the winner? I do not think.

To the question of the journalist “According to the author, Russia openly increases its military presence in Syria, while the protests of the American side about this are rather sluggish. Why? And if Russia began to build up its military presence in Ukraine? ”The expert answered very simply:“ Because the United States understands that they are unlikely to be able to persuade the EU to anti-Russian sanctions for the war against ISIL. As for the situation with Ukraine, they are incomparable. Syria is an ally of Russia, and military aid is carried out at the request of the legitimate authorities, and “building up the military presence” in Ukraine means war with Kiev. This option, of course, cannot be completely ruled out, but a direct parallel with the situation in Syria is incorrect. ”

Recall in conclusion that last Saturday, the head of the US State Department, John Kerry, addressed the leaders of Russia and Iran with a proposal to convince Bashar Assad to sit down at the negotiating table to resolve the Syrian conflict. “We must begin negotiations. This is what we are waiting for, and we hope that Russia and Iran and other influential countries will be able to help, ” сказал Kerry meets with British Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond.

This statement was made by John Kerry the next day after a telephone conversation in which two defense ministers participated: Ashton Carter and Sergei Shoigu. The situation in Syria was discussed.

Until now, Washington has not publicly made such cooperation proposals to Moscow and Iran (allies of Damascus). It is likely that the hegemon’s policy in the Middle East is changing. There are several factors at once: air strikes of a coalition led by the United States did not lead to victory over IG; in the United States, the scandal about the “combed” intelligence reports on the activities of ISIS is growing (probably, Petangon, underestimating the problem, tried to put its actions in front of Obama in a favorable light); Russia openly supplies Assad weapon and technique. In such conditions, the “key” is really located at the Kremlin, and the White House has to take this into account. It is impossible not to take into account: if the White House keeps silent, Syria, Russia and Iran will do without it. And this is something Washington cannot allow - it is tantamount to a complete fiasco in the Middle East and even the loss of the status of a world hegemon.

Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for topwar.ru
43 comments
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  1. slizhov
    slizhov 23 September 2015 05: 50 New
    -20
    for 8 years of Obama’s reign, only TWO positive steps will be remembered !!!
    He took out chemical weapons from Syria and ... saved the world from IS cutthroats.
    Putin needs to unfasten half of the AWARD !!!
    And if honestly - give everything! :)
    1. Alexander Romanov
      Alexander Romanov 23 September 2015 05: 56 New
      +30
      Quote: slizhov
      He took out chemical weapons from Syria and ... saved the world from IS cutthroats.

      This is what Putin did.
      Quote: slizhov
      and ... saved the world from the IS cutthroats.

      And the ISIS thugs were created by Obama.
      1. MIKHAN
        MIKHAN 23 September 2015 06: 17 New
        +43
        I already feel sorry for Obama ... laughing Already only the lazy does not kick him!
        1. Kasym
          Kasym 23 September 2015 06: 37 New
          +17
          Why did they get that the GDP was going to fight?
          You can enter, but then how to exit? Go to the borders of Syria and Iraq, and then, when the troops leave, IS will trample again !? It is then necessary to "stomp" in Iraq, and then after them (IS) throughout the region, until we reach everyone !?
          But will it not be bold for the Americans? They can create a trap there. So it is unlikely that the Russian Armed Forces will go there without firm guarantees, which can then be quickly withdrawn, and a close coalition with the West. The risk is huge - the West somehow does not have to be trusted.
          Let the West “pay” for what it has done. Gold or whatever - I do not know - but I must pay. Ultimately, the status of the only superpower and the "navel" of the Earth. hi
          1. igorka357
            igorka357 23 September 2015 07: 07 New
            +7
            What kind of gold ... what are you making of Che? For what you have done, the West is usually paid in blood, and not small!
          2. Rus2012
            Rus2012 23 September 2015 12: 36 New
            +1
            Quote: Kasym
            You can enter, but then how to exit? Go to the borders of Syria and Iraq, and then, when the troops leave, IS will trample again !?


            ... well, firstly, there is infa that our weapons went to Iraq -
            Following the transfer of Russian troops to Syria, which I consider a fact, not speculation (because there is no smoke without fire), the Arab blogosphere is crazy about the news that in northern Iraq, in the independent Kurdistan zone, Russian equipment was seen on the march.
            Noticed: BTR-82, similar to those in Syria, several vehicles identified as Pinocchio and new T-90 tanks.


            Let me remind you that there were reports about a year ago that the Russian military base in Armenia received new BTR-82s.
            Let me remind you that there were reports about a month ago that Russia was accumulating military forces at the base in Armenia. Didn’t they first be accumulated and then transferred across Iran to Iraq?
            If so, then we are seeing a double blow to ISIS from Russia. From Syria and Iraq.


            Secondly, there is an opinion that the General Staff does not plan to “finish off” the IS — there are many Saddam officers with whom they studied together. So that...
            1. Forest
              Forest 23 September 2015 14: 04 New
              0
              This opinion comes from Ukraine, so it's normal fiction.
            2. svd-xnumx
              svd-xnumx 23 September 2015 21: 05 New
              0
              Secondly, there is an opinion that the General Staff does not plan to “finish off” the IS — there are many Saddam officers with whom they studied together. So that...
              We also studied together with “non-brothers”, maybe that's why we didn’t finish last year? soldier
          3. Juborg
            Juborg 23 September 2015 14: 48 New
            +3
            Here one thing is clear, until America is destroyed, the fight against al-Qaeda, ISIS and other terrorist riffraff is tantamount to tearing off the tail of a lizard. All these radical movements and groups are the product of one evil genius. America exists as a country at the expense of the warrior, this is its policy, its strategy, its ideology.
            1. Boa kaa
              Boa kaa 23 September 2015 22: 34 New
              +2
              Quote: juborg
              One thing is clear here, until it is destroyed
              backstage, centered in GB, the tail will grow in the lizard. For the head is in England, and
              Quote: juborg
              America exists as
              gun in the hands of the backstage. Correctly, the author remarked:
              Great Britain played a leading role in 2003 in the invasion of Iraq and in military intervention in Libya. David Cameron ... actively advocated for the bombing of Libya. Later, he was the first to cry “Assad must leave,” but at that time, perhaps, the conflict could be resolved peacefully.
              Something like that, dear! hi
        2. SergGrey318
          SergGrey318 23 September 2015 13: 56 New
          -2
          And interesting.
          When the Smoked agent is handed the Hero Star in the Kremlin, will we be ashamed?
          Or will we be proud to provide him with a decent cover?
        3. padded jacket
          padded jacket 23 September 2015 14: 12 New
          +1
          Quote: MIKHAN
          I already feel sorry for Obama ...

          For example, like Obama, the leadership of the EU or the Israeli regime everywhere, Russian troops seem to wonder, Putin, or, at worst, Kadyrov lol
      2. slizhov
        slizhov 23 September 2015 18: 00 New
        +3
        Romanov, you better read the text ...
        Do you have farts with humor or something?
        Read about the awards, scored points for yourself :)
        1. Turkir
          Turkir 24 September 2015 09: 43 New
          -1
          It's not just that: most TopWar readers don’t understand the irony, they don’t even know what it is. So you have set up cons.
          It turns out to be little able to read, we should also be able to read it!
          1. slizhov
            slizhov 24 September 2015 11: 05 New
            +2
            I drew attention to the EFFECT OF THE FIRST MINUSES!
            IF SOMEONE HAS ALREADY INTEGRATED, THE REMAINING THINKING THAT HERE ARE ATTACKING NOT ON OBAMA, ON PUTIN, WHICH KILLED EVERYTHING that Merkel and Obama had done,
            without reading, they poke at the same disadvantages, troubling their emotions. And the one who “IDENTIFIED” walks the sailor on the deck in the role of captain ... :)
      3. slizhov
        slizhov 23 September 2015 18: 07 New
        +1
        how smart are you romanov ...
    2. Juborg
      Juborg 23 September 2015 14: 40 New
      +2
      Quote: slizhov
      for 8 years of Obama’s reign, only TWO positive steps will be remembered !!!
      He took out chemical weapons from Syria and ... saved the world from IS cutthroats.
      Putin needs to unfasten half of the AWARD !!!
      And if honestly - give everything! :)


      What kind of belebah did you draw the cutest? Have you even understood yourself?
  2. Awaz
    Awaz 23 September 2015 05: 50 New
    +6
    Everything seems to be correct, but distrust is that our "partners" began to react too much to the Kremlin’s participation in the war in Syria. Maybe they did achieve this - to pull Russia in there to the fullest, so that all sorts of ISIS would begin to give an answer in Russia. Somehow everything is muddy
    1. slizhov
      slizhov 23 September 2015 05: 52 New
      +1
      and when the one who walked in TAIL reacted vigorously? :)
      THEY ARE ALWAYS DRAWING IN VYAYALYALOOO ...
  3. ImPerts
    ImPerts 23 September 2015 05: 51 New
    +5
    Americans play on both sides. How did the Islamists get intelligence from satellites? This is not just a leak, it is a specific drain on the part of the Americans. They benefit from the expansion of the conflict and its prolongation.
    1. Tanker55
      Tanker55 23 September 2015 07: 47 New
      +3
      After reading your review, I want to offer not feasible, although who knows :? The purge of the Islamists begins from Americosia, the land of miracles, and on the rise.
      1. ImPerts
        ImPerts 23 September 2015 08: 01 New
        -1
        Unfortunately...
  4. ML-334
    ML-334 23 September 2015 06: 22 New
    +4
    And suddenly everyone understood, the time of the "amusing" troops was over. Russia is coming! God help us!
  5. populist
    populist 23 September 2015 06: 32 New
    +10
    America uses tracing paper.
    I allow myself to disagree with the opinion of numerous analysts cited in this article. There is an attempt to drag Russia into the Syrian conflict. USA repeat their strategy of the late 80s against the USSR. Two methods from that successful arsenal have already been applied: 1 collapse in oil prices, 2 destabilization of finances.
    Now there is an attempt to repeat Afghanistan.
    You can be accused of lack of creativity, On the other hand - why invent something if this kit worked reliably in the past. It is necessary to remember what else was in that arsenal and not to fall into the set traps.
    I also remember the strategy of strangulation in the arms. It is already in use.
    1. SeregaBoss
      SeregaBoss 23 September 2015 07: 43 New
      +4
      Well, you are so categorical at once, our leadership has studied the mistakes of the past and I hope that we all hope that they will not repeat again. But Americans are slippery and dodgy creatures, you need to wait for a blow in the back.
      For example: a tactical nuclear weapon and all tanks on aggressive Russians with all that it implies are flapping around the IS. IMHO.
    2. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 23 September 2015 22: 58 New
      +2
      Quote: populist
      Now there is an attempt to repeat Afghanistan.
      Yuri, I liked your koment with a fresh look and my own opinion on the subject. But it seems to me that Sergey is also right:
      Quote: Serge Boss
      mistakes of the past, our leadership has studied
      Therefore, I hope there will not be a ground operation of the Russian troops, as it was in Afghanistan ... Aviation, RAW, RDG will certainly work out the position, but I hope there will be no "battalions on the march."
      PS. But it’s impossible for AMs to “dump the TNW in ISIS” and blame the Russians: all the materials have their own specific, inherent, spectral * portrait *, from which the fissile material whose bomb it is coming from is determined. hi
      1. populist
        populist 24 September 2015 21: 34 New
        0
        Boa kaa
        Yuri, I liked your koment with a fresh look and my own opinion on the subject.

        Thank you for your understanding.
        But it seems to me that Sergey is also right:
        Quote: Serge Boss
        mistakes of the past, our leadership has studied

        Why such confidence?
        It is not a lordly matter to study the mistakes of another leadership thirty years ago. They are all cool managers.
        However, I also hope that something has been put in their heads and that march battalions will not fit into Syria.
        1. Boa kaa
          Boa kaa 26 September 2015 08: 20 New
          +1
          Quote: populist
          It is not a lordly matter to study the mistakes of another leadership thirty years ago. They are all cool managers.
          This is the business of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. The defense min was against the entry of troops into Afghanistan, then the party leadership did not listen to the military.
          Now we have experience, lessons have been learned from "fraternal assistance to Babrak Karmal", there is confidence in the professional opinion of a warrior, a little strength less than that of the Union ... Therefore, they should not step on the same rake a second time.
          Yours faithfully, hi
  6. Volzhanin
    Volzhanin 23 September 2015 07: 14 New
    +4
    I don’t understand at all why our and Iraqi leaders generally speak with the Americans. As they say - do what you should and be what happens!
    And let the Americans do what they want, fie on them! Us army and throw grass.
    1. donavi49
      donavi49 23 September 2015 09: 06 New
      +1
      The Iraqi leader is jumping in a hot pan and has already despaired of calling everyone for help. He is in no position to swear with the Americans.

      Now the IS went around the Shiite detachments in the desert near Baigi and hit Tikrit, which, judging by the first video (taken forward bases), is protected rather weakly and mostly by ordinary army men. Now the fighting is already on the outskirts of Tikrit.
  7. rosarioagro
    rosarioagro 23 September 2015 07: 40 New
    -4
    Washington regional committee approved, we will look at the further development of the situation
    1. NEXUS
      NEXUS 23 September 2015 20: 18 New
      +1
      Quote: rosarioagro
      Washington regional committee approved, we will look at the further development of the situation

      Sorry, the Washington regional committee did not approve of anything, it is busy with oral pleasures, and therefore its mouth is busy (sorry for my French).
      As for the Kremlin’s political and military decision, after waiting for everyone to get tired of this fuss in Syria, the GDP gave the order. And now, supplying weapons in full volume (and do not forget to run some systems in combat conditions, for example, SU -30), Russia, takes on the role of the main force that rails ISIS, the benefit is Chechen experience, while showing the whole world that we are not the axis of evil, but the one who gave birth to this miscarriage, in the form of IS, fed and financed . And Moscow’s decision was quick, unexpected and very effective. It was all about surprise, so that Washington wouldn’t have time to do something, and somehow turn the situation in its favor.
  8. Belousov
    Belousov 23 September 2015 07: 55 New
    +3
    The Americans clearly did not expect that Russia would so actively and suddenly fit on the side of Assad, and now they are scratching their turnips with what and how to do it. It seems that they themselves were calling into the anti-ISIS coalition, but they thought that they would obediently go in the wake, and the Russians, as they entered Kosovo, would throw a march and, in fact, now the initiative would again transfer to Assad’s troops. It is necessary for the staff to somehow digest and understand how to continue.
    1. Alexey Lesogor
      Alexey Lesogor 23 September 2015 09: 39 New
      +3
      It is necessary for the staff to somehow digest and understand how to continue.


      It will be as usual. The Syrians and I will begin to win ... and here, the west (lo) will open a second front. And then the whole world will be trumpeted about their "overpower"
    2. The comment was deleted.
  9. Sergey-8848
    Sergey-8848 23 September 2015 08: 12 New
    0
    If only the Americans didn’t interfere, they could always do without the “help” of them. Eh, dreams, dreams ...
  10. RRR
    RRR 23 September 2015 10: 02 New
    -2
    in Syria, Moscow is openly increasing its military presence

    Purely my personal opinion. For lovers of parmesan fool
    If you think well and with your brains, then purely from an economic point of view, "interfering in the second war without finishing the first" as Strelkov says (and in this he is right) is tantamount to suicide. Especially in the current state of the economy.
    This is for those who foolishly think that "rolls grow on trees," and "the bins of the Motherland are bursting from stocks" (and even break from their excess). And in front of the type of life is filled only with pleasures ... smile

    By the way, no one of you has volunteered for Syria yet? Not? And why? Do you like to watch from afar? Like football - "Spartak champion!" Is shouting easier than playing? Especially lying on the couch under the "beer".
    And if the summons to the army is brought directly to Syria, how was it taken to Afghanistan before?
    No, you won’t be taken away, you are special - do you play tanks? In Afghanistan, too, all the "special" went ... did not go anywhere.

    Do not think the Americans are fools in this, but we are smart and outwitted them.
    They rely on the fact that "claw gets bogged down, and after him the whole bird."
    In 99% of cases, this happens. How was it in Afghanistan?
    - I wanted to fix everything - to take Amin’s palace and quickly change one stoofer to another. And what was next?

    Reasonable reasoning here is this - do not immediately do a hundred things. Finish one thing, start another, even if you really ask. Otherwise, you will NOT do ANYTHING to the end.
  11. v.yegorov
    v.yegorov 23 September 2015 10: 11 New
    +1
    if the White House is silent, Syria, Russia and Iran will do without it.

    This phrase completely clarifies all of Washington’s current flutter about
    Russia's participation in the Syrian war. Well, the "partners" cannot allow
    Russians defeated IS, as Hitler once.
  12. afrikanez
    afrikanez 23 September 2015 10: 28 New
    0
    All these Western statements are nothing more than pulling Russia into conflict.
  13. Dimka off
    Dimka off 23 September 2015 10: 29 New
    0
    It seems to me alone that the introduction of equipment and a limited contingent there means the possible start of a major war against Russia?
  14. Oleg11172
    Oleg11172 23 September 2015 11: 59 New
    +5
    And not the deployment of troops means a flaming Caucasus after some time!
  15. Vladimir 1964
    Vladimir 1964 23 September 2015 12: 02 New
    +2
    I liked the article.
    Of course, I have doubts about our involvement in this conflict. Indeed, the United States admitted that it was somehow demonstratively that they were "lousy", but I hope in my heart that this time, our rulers nevertheless calculated everything.
    But the article is still interesting, the author seriously approached the analysis of the material. Oleg. well done. Thank.

    Here it is like that. good
  16. m-arsenich
    m-arsenich 23 September 2015 18: 24 New
    +2
    If we take the initiative into our own hands (.. and what to do ..), then declare the airspace of the country a no-fly zone so that no one gets confused. Otherwise - shoot down with all available means. The Yankees are ALREADY offering take me please in order to avoid incidents with the Russian Air Force ... To destroy underground (and other) communications of the IG with penetrating b / g with volumetric filling. But the main thing is to politely refuse "services" and use only your intelligence, otherwise freeloaders will sit on their tail and will rattle a "tin can", warning terrorists in time.
  17. Victor-M
    Victor-M 23 September 2015 22: 45 New
    0
    The American strategists thought and thought, and decided: there is no need to think further, the Russians have already come up with everything. The “top” news of recent days has been reports of the likely support of the White House in Moscow, which helps Syria fight ISIS. Washington is ready to provide Russians with its intelligence information.

    The United States does not change its principles, as in the Second World War, they will “help” to a minimum, sit and wait for a denouement, and before the very final defeat of ISIS they will rush bravely into battle in order to claim the place of the winner. laughing
  18. Boa kaa
    Boa kaa 23 September 2015 23: 51 New
    +1
    Quote: Vladimir 1964
    I liked the article.

    Me too, but here I, with Sergei, the "populist," let me disagree.
    1. The West is counting on Russia's participation in the war against ISIS as part of the "coalition" that the USA controls, and for the West we will be carrying chestnuts out of the fire. - Pipes!
    2. About air strikes on the IG. States are not going to seriously smash the bearded from the air. Moreover, even with the availability of data on the places of concentration, the militants do not give the go-ahead to inflict BShU on them. Therefore, we ourselves will work according to the forces of the IG.
    3. Analysts are also mistaken about the goals of the Russian Federation in this war. Not negotiations, but the defeat of the military organization of the IG, assistance to the legitimate government of B. Assad in the liberation of Syria from terrorists.
    4. It is not clear: how is the conflict in the Donbass beneficial to Russia? Oleg, unfortunately, also does not explain this pearl * of analysts *.
    5. Europe pays for its mistakes. Maybe. But more for the taunt of the Anglo-Saxons, their blindness and ignoring their own national interests for the sake of Amer.
    It is also noteworthy that in the congress of AMs there are already accusations against Obama that he facilitated the return of Russia to the BV, the rapprochement of China and the Russian Federation, and now with the coalition of SAR + Iran + Russia, the anti-ISH.
    Apparently, the cart will soon roll off the mountain with increasing speed. IMHO.
  19. slizhov
    slizhov 24 September 2015 11: 00 New
    -1
    This is what Putin did.
    But WITHOUT YOU DIDN’T KNOW, specialist ...