RT: EU countries withdraw their gold from US vaults

The central banks of several EU countries are taking their gold reserves from the US Federal Reserve Bank, as a result of which the amount of precious metal in it has reached its lowest level in many decades. About this newspaper writes Look.




The first who asked to give part of their gold bars, was Germany. The Netherlands followed, and this spring Austria.

According to the head of the Institute Ludwig von Mises, economist Lew Rockwell, the removal of gold from an American bank will have a positive effect on the global economy.

“The US Federal Reserve and supporters of the economic policy of this department will say that gold does not play a monetary role. But then you have to explain why the Federal Reserve Bank holds so much gold, and that belongs not only to America, but also to other countries. ”- said Rockwell.

“By the way, it is typical for empires to keep gold in their colonies or dependent states. The decision of foreign governments to withdraw gold from the Federal Reserve Bank of New York is not very happy with Washington, but it is extremely important for their independence. Some even fear that part of the bullion was missing or that gold could have been mortgaged. Perhaps the bars and lie in the same place, but to whom they belong - is another question. In my opinion, it is quite natural that Germany, Austria and other countries decided to take away their gold, ”he noted.

Photos used:
http://www.globallookpress.com/
Ctrl Enter

Noticed a mistake Highlight text and press. Ctrl + Enter

167 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Vend 14 September 2015 10: 00 New
    • 102
    • 0
    +102
    Yeah, yes, who will give you. The US has already spent your gold on failed military projects. Gold has long been bye bye laughing
    1. DIVAN SOLDIER 14 September 2015 10: 03 New
      • 51
      • 0
      +51
      But no one, what can be the desire for independence when US bases are located on their territory?
      1. MIKHAN 14 September 2015 10: 05 New
        • 30
        • 0
        +30
        This is already what time over the past 3 years ..? Late something you come to your senses gentlemen ...
        1. herruvim 14 September 2015 10: 08 New
          • 77
          • 0
          +77
          A book is published with a complete list of countries that hate America.
          It is called:
          The Great Atlas of the World.
          1. Mahmut 15 September 2015 17: 46 New
            • 2
            • 0
            +2
            Not for that, they collected this gold, then to return it.
            It’s easier to eliminate depositors.
            1. forester 16 September 2015 01: 45 New
              • 3
              • 0
              +3
              Quote: Mahmut
              Not for that, they collected this gold, then to return it.
              It’s easier to eliminate depositors.

              Yes, they have begun liquidation long ago - the Syrians, the Libyans, the Iraqis who have invaded Europe, will stir up a mess - there will be no time for the geyropeyts
          2. shasherin.pavel 15 September 2015 18: 59 New
            • 0
            • 0
            0
            Quote: herruvim
            The Great Atlas of the World.

            laughing
        2. Yars 14 September 2015 21: 11 New
          • 7
          • 0
          +7
          I think they will not see their gold .....
        3. cuzmin.mihail2013 15 September 2015 01: 43 New
          • 6
          • 0
          +6
          Who told you gentlemen from the EU that it is there?
          Everything is stolen there before you ...
      2. The comment was deleted.
      3. oleg-gr 14 September 2015 10: 06 New
        • 34
        • 0
        +34
        The return of gold shows a lack of confidence in the leader of the West and the first step towards the return of sovereignty.
        1. namer 14 September 2015 10: 39 New
          • -7
          • 0
          -7
          Quote: oleg-gr
          The return of gold shows a lack of confidence in the leader of the West and the first step towards the return of sovereignty.

          There is no return to gold, and gold has long been not a monetary equivalent.
          They want gold for one reason - they want money, they sell gold.
          1. sir.jonn 14 September 2015 11: 09 New
            • 9
            • 0
            +9
            Quote: namer
            Quote: oleg-gr
            The return of gold shows a lack of confidence in the leader of the West and the first step towards the return of sovereignty.

            There is no return to gold, and gold has long been not a monetary equivalent.
            They want gold for one reason - they want money, they sell gold.

            Money is not gold, gold is not money. Gold costs money and is located in the United States and a permanent export indicates a distrust of the United States as a guarantor of security, otherwise they would simply be sold without unnecessary movement. It is clear how the day it all begins with assets that are more complex and will only take longer to withdraw further.
            1. g1v2 14 September 2015 17: 13 New
              • 13
              • 0
              +13
              By the way, it turned out that the Russian company is mining gold in the DPRK. It looks like we don’t know much about the debt written off by the DPRK.
            2. neri73-r 15 September 2015 22: 53 New
              • 1
              • 0
              +1
              Quote: namer
              Quote: oleg-gr
              The return of gold shows a lack of confidence in the leader of the West and the first step towards the return of sovereignty.
              There is no return to gold, and gold has long been not a monetary equivalent.
              They want gold for one reason - they want money, they sell gold.
              Money is not gold, gold is not money. Gold costs money and is located in the United States and a permanent export indicates a distrust of the United States as a guarantor of security, otherwise they would simply be sold without unnecessary movement. It is clear how the day it all begins with assets that are more complex and will only take longer to withdraw further.


              This is not mistrust; nobody would just give gold! This is a fee for sanctions against Russia and at the same time an attempt by these countries to regain at least some sovereignty! Germany, that is, its elites, and other countries "caught" the moment when the SGA (USA) is in great need.
          2. Kunar 14 September 2015 20: 14 New
            • 8
            • 0
            +8
            My good friend)))) Golden rule: The one who has the gold creates the rules. And you can’t even cancel this rule)))) And tell all the other tales poor ...
        2. veksha50 14 September 2015 11: 07 New
          • 6
          • 0
          +6
          Quote: oleg-gr
          The return of gold shows a lack of confidence in the leader of the West and the first step towards the return of sovereignty.



          Well, to sovereignty - the present, and not in words - they are still far away ... Even with gold ...
        3. SHAKESPEARE 14 September 2015 11: 18 New
          • 11
          • 0
          +11
          The beginning of the collapse of America and its currency.
          1. shasherin.pavel 15 September 2015 19: 09 New
            • 1
            • 0
            +1
            Shakespeare.
            Quote: SHEKSPIR
            The beginning of the collapse of America and its currency.

            - "Oh, if someone could feel,
            that in a year he’ll be put on a stake,
            I’d avoid such a fate. "
            - "My friend, it is not in vain in Russia they say:
            "The scribe crept not noticeably!" "
      4. The comment was deleted.
      5. asar 14 September 2015 10: 16 New
        • 10
        • 0
        +10
        Vlad! Totally agree with you!
        If from a "different angle" look at the theme of Amerian "presence" throughout Europe ...!
        Then everything becomes clear, otherwise it cannot be called occupation!
        Who is yanking, Merkel, Hollande? In short, geyrops have another idle talk "like independence"!
      6. Persistent 14 September 2015 18: 03 New
        • 6
        • 0
        +6
        But no one, what can be the desire for independence when US bases are located on their territory?

        The more gold in the country, the less American bases !!! There are no American bases in Russia and China !!!
      7. Santjaga_Garka 14 September 2015 19: 28 New
        • 0
        • 0
        0
        Our bases are also many where they stand ...
        1. Kunar 14 September 2015 20: 20 New
          • 10
          • 0
          +10
          And what? They don’t stand! They act ....
      8. go21zd45few 15 September 2015 08: 26 New
        • 0
        • 0
        0
        Well then, the desire for independence from oneself.
    2. Uncle VasyaSayapin 14 September 2015 10: 07 New
      • 5
      • 0
      +5
      “All the Fed’s gold fades before your beauty.” “But they did not have gold.” - Yes, there wasn’t.
    3. Bombardier 14 September 2015 10: 07 New
      • 12
      • 0
      +12
      The United States, that would give gold .. ?? They’d rather drop a bomb than give it to the Caucasians
      1. SRC P-15 14 September 2015 10: 11 New
        • 10
        • 0
        +10
        The decision of foreign governments to withdraw gold from the Federal Reserve Bank of New York is not very pleasing to Washington.

        I will say even more: not very happy! smile
        1. Rarahin 15 September 2015 22: 57 New
          • 1
          • 0
          +1
          Europeans recalled their gold, recalled - gold does not respond.
          Gold is gone ...
          It took the construction of democracies in small oil-producing countries.
      2. Sirocco 14 September 2015 10: 13 New
        • 14
        • 0
        +14
        Quote: Bombardier
        The United States, that would give gold .. ??

        Ett for sure. laughing From discharge, wishful thinking.
        The article says so by the way.
        First who asked to give part of its gold bullion, Germany became.

        Keyword ask. laughing
        A boneless language, you can ask for as many as you like.
        Many, however, ask their superiors to increase salaries)))))))))
        Something there is nowhere about the return of gold to Germany.
        1. iliitchitch 14 September 2015 10: 27 New
          • 40
          • 0
          +40
          -I asked for a pay raise.
          -So what ?
          -The boss said he would fire. We stopped at a compromise - I do not ask for a raise, they do not fire me.
          1. Sirocco 14 September 2015 10: 44 New
            • 3
            • 0
            +3
            Quote: iliitch
            We stopped at a compromise - I do not ask for a raise, they do not fire me.

            )))))))))) Here I am about the same.
            A compromise, Germany has with the USA, LOVES, quite a big one))))
          2. shasherin.pavel 15 September 2015 19: 15 New
            • 0
            • 0
            0
            Quote: iliitch
            - I would not ask for a pay raise.

            but my children learned that in other families they eat three times a day, and not once every three days.
        2. Kunar 14 September 2015 20: 24 New
          • 8
          • 0
          +8
          Most likely he will suffer the fate of gold for Alaska .... Storm, tsunami and an unknown place of flooding ... (((The Phaingtonians are great masters for such tricks ....
        3. opus 15 September 2015 01: 22 New
          • 5
          • 0
          +5
          Quote: Sirocco
          Something there is nowhere about the return of gold to Germany.

          1: In 2013, almost 37 tons of gold from New York and Paris were delivered to Frankfurt
          32 tons from Paris Paris and 5 tons from New York
          2. In the 2014 year, a total of 120 tons of gold were delivered to Frankfurt, 35 tons from Paris and 85 tons in New York.
          3.Bundesbank decided to return from abroad: 674 Tonnen Gold to Germany .... though before 2020.
          300 tons of gold from New York and 374 tons of gold from Paris
          4. Currently (at 2015) in Frankfurt there are almost 1200 tons of gold - this is the 2 largest gold reserve after the "officially declared" USA, worth about 105 billion euros.


          The Federal Government Commissioner, Philip Misfelder (CDU), on Monday shifted to transfer all the gold reserves to Germany. "I urge the Bundesbank to also fully transport gold from London and New York to Germany."


          "Ich ermutige die Bundesbank, nun auch das Gold aus London und New York komplett nach Deutschland zu holen"


          In total, Germany has 3400 tons of gold, 1200 tons in Frankfurt =
          2200 tons of gold in Germany is stored by the KhZG, but he naturally knows where:
          In the USA, in France and in England
          s
          1. SergGrey318 15 September 2015 05: 29 New
            • 3
            • 0
            +3
            In total, Germany has 3400 tons of gold, 1200 tons - in Frankfurt =
            2200 tons of German gold is stored by the KHG, but he naturally knows where:
            In the USA, in France and in England

            Not bad for an occupied country. Is not it?
      3. Vend 14 September 2015 10: 17 New
        • 11
        • 0
        +11
        Quote: Bombardier
        The United States, that would give gold .. ?? They’d rather drop a bomb than give it to the Caucasians

        Why a bomb. Already destroying Europe by the influx of emigrants. Europe is number six, its main task is to obey the United States. Soon, there will be an Arab-African caliphate in place of Europe and there will be no one to demand gold from the United States.
        1. Mikhail m 14 September 2015 10: 48 New
          • 4
          • 0
          +4
          I have a question. Will this caliphate be as subordinate to the US as Europe? I have doubts about this. Ultimately, the destruction of Europe to the states is not profitable. This is simply an unforeseen consequence of their policy.
          1. Vend 14 September 2015 10: 56 New
            • 3
            • 0
            +3
            Quote: Michael m
            I have a question. Will this caliphate be as subordinate to the US as Europe? I have doubts about this. Ultimately, the destruction of Europe to the states is not profitable. This is simply an unforeseen consequence of their policy.

            The United States is more than two moves, unable to calculate the situation. They and ISIS thought they would control, and the crisis of 2008 of the year. They have a lot of desire to control, but nothing happens. This caliphate will create a tense situation on the border with Russia, which will end in war and the defeat of the caliphate. And the USA will act in this war as allies of Russia. As well as in the Great Patriotic War.
        2. Amurets 14 September 2015 10: 56 New
          • 3
          • 0
          +3
          Like no one. And Aisha the second. The beloved concubine of the Sultan Selim Yavuz and the mother of the Sultan Suleiman. By the way, a Scottish woman according to some reports.
        3. 97110 14 September 2015 11: 11 New
          • 1
          • 0
          +1
          Quote: Wend
          there will be an Arab-African caliphate and no one will demand gold from the United States.

          How is it nobody? And the caliph? Even as required. Where the pin. Dos will put their bases when their arabcha takes Faberge.
          1. Vend 14 September 2015 11: 20 New
            • 4
            • 0
            +4
            Quote: 97110
            Quote: Wend
            there will be an Arab-African caliphate and no one will demand gold from the United States.

            How is it nobody? And the caliph? Even as required. Where the pin. Dos will put their bases when their arabcha takes Faberge.

            No country no debt. And the bases are being evacuated. Mattresses are not particularly eager to die.
        4. Kunar 14 September 2015 20: 26 New
          • 3
          • 0
          +3
          Verily! Yesterday I read the "Notre Dame Mosque." Alert ......
        5. Bort radist 15 September 2015 12: 07 New
          • 0
          • 0
          0
          Quote: Wend
          Why a bomb. Already destroying Europe by the influx of emigrants.

          Blitz Krieg seems to echo back to Germany.
        6. shasherin.pavel 15 September 2015 19: 24 New
          • 0
          • 0
          0
          Quote: Wend
          and no one will demand gold from the United States.

          But for this it is necessary to change the anthem, coat of arms, government and constitution of the country, and if this Arab caliphate inherits three of the components, then it will have the right of continuity to the gold reserve.
    4. WKS
      WKS 14 September 2015 10: 08 New
      • 8
      • 0
      +8
      Actually, this is a rather strange situation when developed countries keep their gold in another state. Germany, Austria do not have storage facilities. Still understandable with some Lesotho or Côte d'Ivoire.
      1. Nyrobsky 14 September 2015 13: 03 New
        • 10
        • 0
        +10
        Quote: wks
        Actually, this is a rather strange situation when developed countries keep their gold in another state. Germany, Austria do not have storage facilities. Still understandable with some Lesotho or Côte d'Ivoire.

        The main reason for storing "blood" despicable metal ie gold, in the US vault, was the presence of a limited contingent of Soviet troops in Europe under the Warsaw Pact. The USSR collapsed, the troops were withdrawn, but the little gold remained in the United States. Given the fact that the US regularly made peppy reports on the availability of bullion, no one bothered - it was all right, until a lot of bullshit bullion arrived in China - tungsten coated with gold, which suggested that the amount of declared gold stored in the USA is not true. Germany tried to take out "their" but they were refused, then nemchura decided to check the numbers of the ingots in storage and again were refused. They were told - "return" but not immediately, but within a few years.
        So, it is unlikely that everyone who wants to return their gold will receive it.
        In the end, if the United States easily goes on a provocation with the downing of passenger planes, what prevents them from drowning a plane or ship in the Atlantic “JACOB” carrying gold and declaring it with force majeure. Ends and "ingots" in the water.
        1. Weyland 15 September 2015 01: 18 New
          • 4
          • 0
          +4
          Quote: Nyrobsky
          They were told - "return" but not immediately, but within a few years. So, it is unlikely that everyone who wants to return their gold will receive it.


          I remembered the Gaida film "It Can't Be!":
          "He said, I will give - it means I will give! Then. Half. Probably."
          1. shasherin.pavel 15 September 2015 20: 00 New
            • 1
            • 0
            +1
            - Mikhalych, remember, you borrowed from me, you haven’t given it back for two months already?
            - Yes, I remember everything, I even have everything written in a black book.
            - Mikhalych! you haven’t been repaying debt for half a year already!
            - You will pester, I’ll cross out your surname from the black book.
        2. The comment was deleted.
        3. a housewife 15 September 2015 03: 21 New
          • 1
          • 0
          +1
          Now the technique is such that they dive and check.
      2. shasherin.pavel 15 September 2015 19: 56 New
        • 0
        • 0
        0
        Not in opposition to the “Nyrob”, but for historical reference: When the Russian Empire lost its Baltic navy in the battle of Tsushima, by the way, lost the fleet prepared by Great Britain for Japan, then to restore the Baltic Fleet, the Russian Empire applied for a loan to Great Britain, the guarantee of repayment of the loan was the storage of the "golden ruble" from the gold reserves of the Russian Empire, in UK banks for the amount of the loan. Strange as it may seem, it was precisely the “pledge” of those in Great Britain, consisting of coins of the “gold standard”, which became the compulsion for the Russian Empire to enter the First World War on the Entente side. I want to draw your attention to the fact that when the artful "Swedish" baron Wrangel seized the "gold reserve" in Kazan in the 1918 year, the gold bullion was no more than 10%, the rest was in "gold-bearing coins."
    5. marlin1203 14 September 2015 10: 27 New
      • 6
      • 0
      +6
      The states print green candy wrappers on "failed military projects", which the whole world uses for some reason on trust, which essentially finances their military adventures. And gold is not needed here.
    6. leo3972 14 September 2015 10: 34 New
      • 7
      • 0
      +7
      You will remember how surprised the Chinese laughing when tungsten was seen instead of gold
      1. shasherin.pavel 15 September 2015 20: 02 New
        • 0
        • 0
        0
        I advise you to compare the cost of tungsten with the cost of gold.
        1. shasherin.pavel 15 September 2015 20: 26 New
          • 1
          • 0
          +1
          Here
          Quote: shasherin.pavel
          compare the cost of tungsten
          I'm sorry, I checked and I was surprised myself: gold for 1 gr. $ 29,7, silver $ 0.6, tungsten - 1.750 rubles.
          1. TiRex 16 September 2015 00: 33 New
            • 1
            • 0
            +1
            tungsten 2p per gram, gold is 1350 times more expensive ...
    7. namer 14 September 2015 10: 38 New
      • -7
      • 0
      -7
      Quote: Wend
      Yeah, yes, who will give you. The US has already spent your gold on failed military projects. Gold has long been bye bye laughing

      Nothing of the kind, give
      . In 2015 alone, 224 tons of gold were exported from the US Federal Depository.
      1. 0255 14 September 2015 13: 12 New
        • 3
        • 0
        +3
        Quote: namer
        Quote: Wend
        Yeah, yes, who will give you. The US has already spent your gold on failed military projects. Gold has long been bye bye laughing

        Nothing of the kind, give
        . In 2015 alone, 224 tons of gold were exported from the US Federal Depository.

        C'mon, the Germans wanted a goal back to demand their gold from the USA, got
        1. namer 14 September 2015 16: 15 New
          • -4
          • 0
          -4
          Quote: 0255
          well, the Germans wanted a goal back to demand from the US their gold, got

          tales of the 1st channel.
      2. padded jacket 14 September 2015 13: 19 New
        • 7
        • 0
        +7
        Quote: namer
        Nothing of the kind, give

        Oh-oh namer reappeared belay that atalef was banned again? laughing
        1. namer 14 September 2015 16: 15 New
          • -11
          • 0
          -11
          Quote: quilted jacket
          Oh-oh namer again appeared that atalef-again banned?

          Padded jacket, does this complicate your life?
          1. padded jacket 14 September 2015 18: 35 New
            • 15
            • 0
            +15
            Quote: namer
            Padded jacket, does this complicate your life?

            No, it's just interesting how the same character appears under different nicknames.
            And of course, I don’t care, everyone has long understood that you are just an ordinary computer “troll”

          2. Kunar 14 September 2015 20: 30 New
            • 1
            • 0
            +1
            Do we get personal? what
        2. g1v2 14 September 2015 18: 49 New
          • 2
          • 0
          +2
          Can a split personality? Namer in my opinion is much more adequate and it has much less trolling. laughing
          1. padded jacket 14 September 2015 19: 09 New
            • 6
            • 0
            +6
            Quote: g1v2
            Can a split personality? Namer in my opinion is much more adequate and it has much less trolling

            Maybe a split personality here is not surprising.
            At one of the forums there was one Jew from Ukraine who started under the nickname Chile, so that no matter how much he was not banned, after some time he again revived like a Phoenix bird under other nicknames.
            That is, in fact, we did not kill smile
            1. Aleksey_K 17 September 2015 23: 00 New
              • 0
              • 0
              0
              Quote: quilted jacket
              Maybe a split personality here is not surprising.
              At one of the forums there was one Jew from Ukraine who started under the nickname Chile, so that no matter how much he was not banned, after some time he again revived like a Phoenix bird under other nicknames.
              That is, in fact, we did not kill

              Just on the Internet there are programs that change the IP address of the computer and the number of the network card. As a result, site administrators perceive such readers as different. And you can register and work with other computer devices, if you have several.
    8. Zoldat_A 14 September 2015 10: 41 New
      • 12
      • 0
      +12
      Quote: Wend
      Yeah, yes, who will give you. The US has already spent your gold on failed military projects. Gold has long been bye bye

      Freshly a tradition ... They never tried to give a bottle of vodka to a drunk for storage? Or put a wolf to guard the sheep?
      1. sharp-lad 14 September 2015 20: 12 New
        • 3
        • 0
        +3
        Sheep have long taken the wolf to the position of their bodyguard! laughing
      2. redeemer 14 September 2015 21: 24 New
        • -6
        • 0
        -6
        and who eats gold?
    9. vodolaz 14 September 2015 10: 45 New
      • 8
      • 0
      +8
      There have already been attempts to pick up, it seems the Germans were not even allowed to inspect their gold.
    10. Finches 14 September 2015 11: 31 New
      • 4
      • 0
      +4
      "By the way, it is typical for empires to keep the gold of their colonies or dependent states ...!" - the phrase fully explains the status of EU states in the modern world! And the fact that they were allowed to take part - so it does not mean anything!
    11. roadsmell 14 September 2015 11: 44 New
      • 1
      • 0
      +1
      They withdraw gold, but receive, as in the story of China ..
      Just not even W, but Plumbum in the "golden package" laughing
    12. Vovan 73 14 September 2015 11: 45 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      They can decide. who will give it to them
    13. SAG
      SAG 14 September 2015 14: 16 New
      • 5
      • 0
      +5
      If you believe the news, the reformatting of the world has begun, and you should not think that the Rothshelds, Rockefellers and Morgan do not participate in this. When the US Treasury is announced to be paid, those who show that the vaults are empty will declare bankrupt ... respectively, the main holders of US debt securities are! China and Japan! will have a miserable look (as they say in Odessa)
      1. datura23 17 September 2015 07: 58 New
        • 0
        • 0
        0
        I think mono will be "kind" to take
      2. Aleksey_K 17 September 2015 23: 14 New
        • 0
        • 0
        0
        Quote: SAG
        If you believe the news, the reformatting of the world has begun, and you should not think that the Rothshelds, Rockefellers and Morgan do not participate in this. When the US Treasury is announced to be paid, those who show that the vaults are empty will declare bankrupt ... respectively, the main holders of US debt securities are! China and Japan! will have a miserable look (as they say in Odessa)

        China, Japan, Germany are countries that are now intensively building up their military power. And if America declares itself bankrupt, then these countries will simply divide America into spheres of influence among themselves and introduce occupation forces. Other countries that America owes gold to will participate in this section, as the Americans cannot resist the whole world. Their weapons in military bases will be directed against America.
        Then we’ll see who will have a sad face.
        Only now it will take a long time to wait for such joint currency actions. Political events have been developing for years and decades.
    14. Genych 14 September 2015 14: 27 New
      • 6
      • 0
      +6
      Quote: Wend
      Yeah, yes, who will give you. The US has already spent your gold on failed military projects. Gold has long been bye bye


      De Gaulle, in due time in due time fussed. smile
    15. Kent0001 14 September 2015 19: 27 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      Everyone will be given out gold-plated tungsten ingots- and FORWARD and with the song, as they say.
    16. vell.65 15 September 2015 11: 12 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      That's right, the aliens have long taken out, not for nothing that the plates often. lol
    17. Nikolay K 15 September 2015 14: 47 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      Why should states spend gold if they have a printing press and people on paper?
    18. The comment was deleted.
  2. Izotovp 14 September 2015 10: 02 New
    • 13
    • 0
    +13
    Yeah, they want to pick up gold, how come, get it !!! Haha three times !!! The Americans will rest against the last, and then they will give out with tungsten like China)))
    1. Aleksey_K 17 September 2015 23: 19 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      Quote: Izotovp
      Yeah, they want to pick up gold, how come, get it !!! Haha three times !!! The Americans will rest against the last, and then they will give out with tungsten like China)))

      So after all, this tungsten can return to the Americans in the form of ammunition with tungsten tips flying from tanks of deceived countries. Hungry wolves always stray into a large flock and kill any predator, even a mammoth.
  3. Magic archer 14 September 2015 10: 03 New
    • 15
    • 0
    +15
    The Germans already tried. The states refused. But if the main EU members demand everything together and are not afraid, then everything can come out of it. But knowing the cowardice of current European politicians, another bummer is likely to happen
    1. 97110 14 September 2015 11: 15 New
      • 5
      • 0
      +5
      Quote: Magic Archer
      But knowing the cowardice of current European politicians,

      The following will be much bolder. And the "ask" will be in Arabic.
  4. sagitch 14 September 2015 10: 04 New
    • 5
    • 0
    +5
    I don’t understand at all HOW you can keep GOLD in the USA !!! fool This is what lit them all!
    1. made13 14 September 2015 10: 16 New
      • 11
      • 0
      +11
      How, how - having military bases in Germany and the status of a winner is very easy, all the more Americans are not shy about punishing those who disobey them. Gangster country - gangster methods!
    2. Neighbor 14 September 2015 10: 30 New
      • 11
      • 0
      +11
      Yes, just like "our" stabilization fund.
      1. veksha50 14 September 2015 11: 12 New
        • 3
        • 0
        +3
        Quote: Neighbor
        Yes, just like "our" stabilization fund.



        Mdaaaa ... If it is fanciful to say, then in the stabilization fund are: "OUR, but NOT OUR" money ... try to pull it out, that under the former, that in the current situation ...
    3. Mikhail m 14 September 2015 10: 50 New
      • 5
      • 0
      +5
      And to keep national reserves in the treasury is simply a policy that is unique in insight.
    4. Aleksey_K 17 September 2015 23: 29 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      Quote: sagitch
      I don’t understand at all HOW you can keep GOLD in the USA !!! fool This is what lit them all!

      This happened after the victory of the Soviet Union over Nazi Germany. The Red Army at that time was capable of capturing the whole of Europe, despite the presence of several nuclear bombs from America. Americans frightened Europeans with the Soviet threat, the loss of sovereignty and gold reserves. And the threat was real. Such plans were worked out in Stalin’s office, and foreign intelligence informed of this. Another thing is that Stalin did not want to continue a new war with the Anglo-Saxons, because it was impossible to conquer England and America at that time, and now too.
  5. Zomanus 14 September 2015 10: 10 New
    • 6
    • 0
    +6
    Well, yes, countries want their gold. I also wish a lot of things.
    And if countries start to persistently desire their gold, different things can happen.
    For example, the unfortunate refugees, whom dofiga in Europe, will begin to smash the locals.
    Or abruptly all refugees will rush to settle in one country selected for indicative punishment.
    So I would not hope for a favorable outcome.
    1. Sirocco 14 September 2015 10: 16 New
      • 1
      • 0
      +1
      Quote: Zomanus
      Well, yes, countries want their gold.

      I think this is a stuffing, but what is the purpose?
      Yeah, Germany will bite her lactating hand.
    2. Lelek 14 September 2015 10: 32 New
      • 3
      • 0
      +3
      Quote: Zomanus
      Well, yes, countries want their gold.


      You are right - you don’t want enough, you still need to stand (someone from the Roman patricians). bully
  6. roskot 14 September 2015 10: 15 New
    • 3
    • 0
    +3
    Who has gold, he is the mother. Mom will not give up Gold. They counted it as a present forever.
  7. provincial 14 September 2015 10: 16 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    "EU countries withdraw their gold from US vaults." It is simply a desire for nothing more.
  8. MIKHAN 14 September 2015 10: 16 New
    • 5
    • 0
    +5
    All the gold floats in the form of aircraft carriers, raptors fly (badly))), abrams in the Baltic states, etc. .... At the head of the ataman of the gold reserve of the Nem! Understand the refugees themselves ... The wide ocean will not sail to us! bully
  9. mpzss 14 September 2015 10: 17 New
    • 4
    • 0
    +4
    as far as I remember, France managed to get its gold out of the USA, then they made a law in the United States that prohibits changing the dollars of other countries to gold, and giving gold is just SO !!! ??? are they fools !?
    1. Seryoga DV 15 September 2015 06: 30 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      slightly different situations
      1) ask about the return of their gold from storage (now)
      2) exchange dollars, supposedly secured, for gold (De Gaulle)
      it was after the exchange of De Gaulle's paper steamer for despicable metal that the United States untied the dollar from gold
      So that others do not run in a joyful crowd
    2. Beaver 15 September 2015 07: 30 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      Here http://www.stoletie.ru/territoriya_istorii/general_de_goll_protiv_amerikanskogo_

      dollara_2009-07-10.htm a good article on this subject, I recommend.
  10. rotmistr60 14 September 2015 10: 17 New
    • 2
    • 0
    +2
    empires tend to hold the gold of their colonies or dependent states

    But this is noticed correctly. That's just the United States accuse Russia of imperial manners. And it will be problematic to return your gold coin to Germany and Austria and the Netherlands.
  11. redeemer 14 September 2015 10: 18 New
    • -1
    • 0
    -1
    one question:
    and why gold? (or why? or to whom? or where does it disappear?)
    1. namer 14 September 2015 10: 41 New
      • -3
      • 0
      -3
      Quote: redeemer
      one question:
      and why gold?

      Today - sell and get grandmas.
      Europe is launching a policy of quantitative easing; money is needed for this, and partly in gold.
      See in the near future gold prices will fall even more.
      Europe will start throwing gold into the market.
      1. redeemer 14 September 2015 21: 22 New
        • 0
        • 0
        0
        are you talking teeth?
        why is gold valued?
        1. a housewife 15 September 2015 03: 28 New
          • 1
          • 0
          +1
          "How does the state get richer ... and why doesn’t it need gold when a simple product has it!" Pushkin.
    2. Beaver 15 September 2015 07: 42 New
      • 2
      • 0
      +2
      Quote: redeemer
      one question:
      and why gold? (or why? or to whom? or where does it disappear?)

      There are actually four questions:
      1. For international settlements, if the national currency is not accepted, as the Soviet ruble used to be.
      2. Because a gram of gold is much more valuable than a gram of paper.
      3. Almost nobody refuses gold, with rare exceptions. So everyone.
      4. Doesn’t go anywhere. In the late 90s, a scam scheme with “custody” was popular. The bottom line: any product, even gold, is taken for free. The one who gives the goods is obliged to pay the custodian for the "storage" service. The keeper sells the goods, spends money. Again he takes the goods for "storage", again for nothing. The circle is closed. According to the contract of goods, the wagon and the small cart are “stored”, respectively, the payment for “storage” is not small. In fact - there is no product.
  12. GDV
    GDV 14 September 2015 10: 19 New
    • 5
    • 0
    +5
    Tokomak is standing by the mattresses in the storage facilities; he is driving the Chinese out of tungsten gold, the Chinese have already received the first batch.
  13. shinobi 14 September 2015 10: 19 New
    • 1
    • 0
    +1
    They’ll send the voters again.
  14. barclay 14 September 2015 10: 21 New
    • 5
    • 0
    +5
    Quote: oleg-gr
    The return of gold shows a lack of confidence in the leader of the West and the first step towards the return of sovereignty.

    One of the small steps, or maybe just the illusion of such steps.
    France, for example, took its gold from the United States under De Gaulle, and still dances to their tune, like a zombie.
    1. Kunar 14 September 2015 20: 39 New
      • 3
      • 0
      +3
      De Gaulle was overwhelmed for this, but France never received gold (total)
    2. redeemer 14 September 2015 21: 21 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      France took the gold ???
      1. a housewife 15 September 2015 03: 30 New
        • 0
        • 0
        0
        France took the gold. De Gaulle no one failed, although they tried repeatedly.
        1. Beaver 15 September 2015 07: 49 New
          • 2
          • 0
          +2
          Quote: housewife
          De Gaulle no one failed

          Failed in the political sense - forced to resign ahead of schedule.
  15. narval20 14 September 2015 10: 25 New
    • 3
    • 0
    +3
    Friends!
    I am somewhat far from this "topic." Explain - what is the mechanism for recalling your gold from the vaults of another country? Probably should be spelled out in the agreement? If so, then what is the problem?
    1. 56_br 14 September 2015 19: 08 New
      • 4
      • 0
      +4
      A lot has been written in the history of mankind, but not everything is being implemented, one of the most famous cases is the agreement on not attacking between the USSR and fascist Germany. Still give examples?
    2. Kunar 14 September 2015 20: 42 New
      • 3
      • 0
      +3
      Yes, as usual)))) The input is ruble, the output is three.)))) Have you ever watched a cartoon about Alyosha Popovich))))
    3. a housewife 15 September 2015 03: 34 New
      • 2
      • 0
      +2
      You can see about how to take your share from the common fund. It must be somehow possible. There probably are people who know everything about it.
  16. smith7 14 September 2015 10: 28 New
    • 3
    • 0
    +3
    Something is suspicious when primacy in the demand to return gold was shown by Germany. Germany is occupied by the United States from 1945 to the present. Independent Germany, and the EU as a whole, can only be called conditionally. Germany, Holland, Austria ... It is strange that this company does not have the Grand Duchy of Liechtenstein, Monaco and Andorra. There is a suspicion that these countries do not have gold in the US Federal Reserve, maybe there is no gold at all. Attention! Question: “With what fright did the US colonies begin to demand their gold, trumpeting the whole world about it? What“ feint with ears ”did the American oligarchs conceive?” And they will give, they will not give ... the tenth question. Well, they won’t give, of course wink They won’t give ours either. Onizh (oligarchs, residents in the Russian Federation) themselves lobbied in the 90s and 2000s for the purchase of US bonds and the laying of our gold there? So - happiness is not in money, Russians! Is not it? bully
    1. namer 14 September 2015 10: 42 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      Quote: smith7
      Something is suspicious when Germany showed primacy in the demand to return gold

      And Greece due to what to feed?
      You need money - you won’t be fed up with gold
      1. Kunar 14 September 2015 20: 44 New
        • 4
        • 0
        +4
        Money, too. Yet A.V. Suvorov said that his soldiers don’t eat money .... And after this worthy person, the wise Indian people of Kri also said: “When the last tree will be cut down, when the last river will be poisoned, when the last bird is caught, only then you will understand that money cannot be eaten. ”From takakhernya, little ones ....
  17. anderles66 14 September 2015 10: 29 New
    • 3
    • 0
    +3
    The very formulation of the question, more precisely, talk of the return of gold is a trend, however. For example, the Netherlands quietly returned part of the gold, reducing the share held in the United States from 52% to 31%. Only when they were taken out, they announced this. With Germany, it will probably be more difficult, as these seem to have stated first (maybe even just announced). In addition, we must also see when, in fact, the gold was exported. Maybe, during the beginning of the occupation, so to speak, payment for release. And about the Netherlands there is a version that this is a fee for silence in the investigation of the crash of Boeing. And in fact it’s really strange - why did the “powerful” Netherlands manage to regain part of their gold? So let's see who else will be able to return his. It seems to me that no one, including Germany.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. siberalt 14 September 2015 10: 48 New
      • 4
      • 0
      +4
      Not for that gold was exported to return. Something reminds when a passport is taken away and turned into a slave.
  18. ShaMoRa 14 September 2015 10: 32 New
    • 2
    • 0
    +2
    Of course not in the money! GO RUSSIA !!! Nothing shines for us from there. The main thing is that there are no mistakes in the future and in the present !!!
    1. namer 14 September 2015 10: 42 New
      • -2
      • 0
      -2
      Quote: ShaMoRa
      Of course not in the money! GO RUSSIA !!! Nothing shines for us from there. The main thing is that there are no mistakes in the future and in the present !!!

      Another marshall. good
      1. An60 14 September 2015 17: 14 New
        • 1
        • 0
        +1
        Oh, they didn’t consult with you ... stop
  19. wandlitz 14 September 2015 10: 33 New
    • 3
    • 0
    +3
    Quote: Wend
    Yeah, yes, who will give you. The US has already spent your gold on failed military projects. Gold has long been bye bye laughing

    IMHO. They will not give. They promise to consider this issue, make a decision, and schedule a delivery.
    Then they will begin to pull the rubber.
    As the Russian proverb says - I’ve been waiting for the promised three yearsso
    And in this case, they have not even promised.
    1. Weyland 15 September 2015 01: 24 New
      • 2
      • 0
      +2
      Quote: wandlitz
      As the Russian proverb says, the Promised is expected for three years.


      It proverb (those. truncated proverb)
      Full text: "The promised three years are waiting. And on the fourth - they forget" wink
  20. roskot 14 September 2015 10: 33 New
    • 1
    • 0
    +1
    But what is the mechanism for recalling their gold from the vaults of another country?


    But the recall mechanisms are not developed or inoperative. The right of the strong. I want to give, I want not.
  21. pirate 14 September 2015 10: 37 New
    • 1
    • 0
    +1
    Anyway, some kind of game of the Americans! What would they just give the money away? Never!!!
  22. halida-h 14 September 2015 10: 37 New
    • 2
    • 0
    +2
    Another secret ....
  23. BOB044 14 September 2015 10: 37 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    The performance begins, wake up good spectators. Let’s take a look at this play. The action should unfold very quickly and emotionally.
  24. solovey 14 September 2015 10: 41 New
    • 1
    • 0
    +1
    Are resources and natural resources worth something in the modern world? We live to see that green paper is only appreciated !!!
  25. ShaMoRa 14 September 2015 10: 42 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    We will not see anything - mere mortals! But the fact that they will not give it back is for sure! Also, Russia will be accused of something !!!
  26. Ruswolf 14 September 2015 10: 47 New
    • 1
    • 0
    +1
    You can ask for it ..... But who will give it away. request
    Yes, if the stripes are sent, then what will they start fighting with them?
    Mother Russia spoke - Do not gamble with thieves!
  27. sl22277 14 September 2015 10: 53 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    Stirred, ran to save. It is high time. But is it possible that the States will sit quietly, with folded arms, and watch how they take a little coin from them, which they "store" for free? But is it available at all, and whose gold is it?
  28. sledge 14 September 2015 10: 55 New
    • 1
    • 0
    +1
    To paraphrase the famous expression from The Matrix, I will say: "The truth is that there is no gold"
  29. veksha50 14 September 2015 11: 05 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    "Some even fear that some of the ingots are missing or that gold could be pawned. Perhaps the ingots are still in the same place, but to whom they belong is another question." ...

    But there was information at VO (either in winter or in autumn) about Germany’s attempt to recover its gold from the United States and some problems that arose, almost about its loss ...

    In general, it is not surprising that the United States could use the gold lying in their vaults for its own purposes ...

    Surprisingly, THESE countries stored their gold in a foreign country ...

    Hmm ... I hope that the gold reserve of Russia is on its territory ...
  30. raid14 14 September 2015 11: 05 New
    • 8
    • 0
    +8
    Where is the money?
    Tsar Nicholas II allocated 48 600 tons of gold for the creation of a global financial center. For comparison, in modern Russia, the gold reserve in mid-2015 amounted to 1250 tons. Tsarist Russia allotted its gold capital with the condition of their return for a period of 100 years. In addition, it was agreed that from each operation (transaction) of the Fed of Russia should account for 4 percent. Later, in particular, following the results of the Bretton Woods Conference (1944), Russia's right to 88% of the assets of the Federal Reserve was confirmed. When, in connection with the centenary of the Federal Reserve, the media revived discussion about the fate of, in particular, Russian assets in the United States, interesting events occur. In early 2015, the INION library was first burned down in Russia, where, among other unique historical and legal documents, archival materials related to Russian gold assets in the Fed were stored. Source http://www.tpp-inform.ru/analytic_journal/6029.html
    1. fan_ 14 September 2015 13: 08 New
      • 4
      • 0
      +4
      48 thousand tons of gold could not be the total number of gold was 1600 tons. Perhaps you are confusing tons and gold rubles. That's 48 gold rubles. This is really the equivalent. I could be wrong. This is about 500-40 tons of gold.
      http://ruskline.ru/analitika/2014/04/05/kuda_devalos_zoloto_rossii. После Революции и начала гражданской войны осталось 1100 тонн.
      1. fan_ 14 September 2015 13: 31 New
        • 0
        • 0
        0
        well, or 48,5 tons of gold.
  31. Anti-ukra 14 September 2015 11: 10 New
    • 2
    • 0
    +2
    RZHUNIMAGUUUU laughing gave the goats to guard the cabbage .... buuggaaaauuuggg
  32. Gormenghast 14 September 2015 11: 11 New
    • 3
    • 0
    +3
    Cool ASK your gold.

    It, of course, is understandable - if a country holds a gold reserve in the USA, then this is not a country, but Bantustan for the Papuans.
    And it does not matter whether gold plays a monetary role or not. It is important that the gold is OWN, but ALIENS dispose of it.
  33. Rusal 14 September 2015 11: 12 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    some flimsy shelves in the screenshot, given the weight of gold
  34. morpogr 14 September 2015 11: 15 New
    • 1
    • 0
    +1
    Where is the gold of Janet Yellen?
  35. zombiunian 14 September 2015 11: 22 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    there has long been a "lead" covered with gold leaf))))
  36. sledge 14 September 2015 11: 29 New
    • 1
    • 0
    +1
    With his previous comment, he tried to be ironic about the fact that gold is a myth. I wanted to say that mattresses are unlikely to give gold easily. But apparently putting a minus to me thinks differently, believing in unconditional honesty and decency of the leaders of the federal reserve.
  37. Monster_Fat 14 September 2015 11: 35 New
    • 2
    • 0
    +2
    As already tired of all the "conspiracy" stupidities and mantras about the "collapsing" economy of the West. Specifically, why the "Western countries" "take away" part of the gold from the US Federal Reserve, where it was deposited: the fact is that during the crisis of 2008, the international community adopted some rules to support the declining economies and the banking sector. One of these rules was the "increase in the percentage of banks' liquidity", that is, in simple words, banks in the "bins" should now have a lot more money than was previously required. For this, gold has always been chosen. So the Central Bank of some states began to take it, in order to raise their “nest” on the one hand and, on the other hand, to sell part of the gold to commercial banks for the same. There is no talk of any such substitution of the dollar by some mythical “gold standard” —gold was required for a banal technical reason — to increase the capitalization of the banking sector.
  38. slizhov 14 September 2015 11: 45 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    the beginning, however, of the long end ... ah ... :)
  39. MIKHAN 14 September 2015 11: 49 New
    • 4
    • 0
    +4
    I wonder where Israel stores its gold and diamond reserves.
    1. Hello 14 September 2015 12: 20 New
      • -4
      • 0
      -4
      Quote: MIKHAN
      I wonder where Israel stores its gold and diamond reserves.

      Israel does not have a gold reserve as does New Zealand Armenia and Norway
      1. Kunar 14 September 2015 20: 56 New
        • 3
        • 0
        +3
        Shaw? Drank ....? drinks
      2. redeemer 14 September 2015 21: 19 New
        • 0
        • 0
        0
        and why are the Jews chosen by God?
        and who are the people in black?
    2. Non-jumping 15 September 2015 23: 14 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      Quote: MIKHAN
      I wonder where Israel stores its gold and diamond reserves.

      Under the mattress laughing
  40. sw6513 14 September 2015 12: 07 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    I doubt that they will give ...
  41. Michael - 235 14 September 2015 12: 10 New
    • 1
    • 0
    +1
    The process has begun, but thorns have not yet appeared, so the judgments on this subject are fruitless.
  42. kuguar7777 14 September 2015 12: 18 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    Quote: Sanya
    To paraphrase the famous expression from The Matrix, I will say: "The truth is that there is no gold"

    http://russian.rt.com/article/39773 в подтверждение Вашей фразы
  43. Burmistr 14 September 2015 12: 24 New
    • 1
    • 0
    +1
    a huge amount of gold is mined annually in the world
    Does anyone know where it goes ???
    1. Cube123 14 September 2015 14: 58 New
      • 2
      • 0
      +2
      For Burmistra:
      Judging by the tablet since 1994, the consumption is one and a half or more times higher than production. Interesting winked
    2. redeemer 14 September 2015 21: 14 New
      • -1
      • 0
      -1
      stupid question...
      take those who created us ...
      this is the truth that is near.
    3. a housewife 15 September 2015 03: 42 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      Chains, rings, earrings, coins, spoons, etc. Thousands tons of gold are in the hands of the population. And more treasures not found. Experts say that in the land of gold already been in the hands of people, more than the known accumulated reserves several times.
  44. KRIG55 14 September 2015 14: 55 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    All that fell into the basements of Fort Knox cannot be exchanged and returned!
  45. Valkh 14 September 2015 15: 03 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    Perhaps there is no longer gold, and not a hitherto seen alloy !!!!! - as it was with the Chinese !!!!!
  46. pts-m 14 September 2015 15: 51 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    Well, they’re friends, they’re pin.dos.tanu and take them for fun and scream to the whole world. Who checked their redhead. The Gring proverb says ... what we visited in the banks is already ours and it’s not good to fuck my mouth ...
  47. Yarik 14 September 2015 19: 05 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    GDV RU Today, 10:19
    Tokomak is standing by the mattresses in the storage facilities; he is driving the Chinese out of tungsten gold, the Chinese have already received the first batch.

    Already came to the conclusion that the world community somehow doesn’t have any reason, so now they will drive Pb. The Chinese, consider it still lucky wassat
  48. Megatron 14 September 2015 19: 08 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    Recall that on this money to feed golozadyh Nigro.
    1. njvlin 15 September 2015 15: 58 New
      • 0
      • 0
      0
      The British and Americans made them Holozads. For centuries African states have been robbed by some, while others have bombed or by coup d'etat
  49. Stranger 14 September 2015 19: 58 New
    • 0
    • 0
    0
    Yes, a year ago they cried, they asked, they demanded, they opened up everyone with an apote (he will be better there) something like this
  50. Arikkhab 14 September 2015 20: 08 New
    • 4
    • 0
    +4
    as far as I remember, the main reason for the transfer of gold for storage in the USA was the Second World War and the danger of Nazi expropriation of the gold reserves of European countries. after the war, De Gaulle managed to pick up "French" gold from the Americans.
    The Bretton Woods system - 1944 could exist only as long as US gold reserves could ensure the conversion of foreign dollars into gold. And although in the middle of the 70th century the USA owned 3% of the total world gold supply, the Golden US reserves were melting before our eyes: at times 1949 tons a day, and this, again, despite all the conceivable and unthinkable measures the United States took to stop the leakage of gold, to make the dollar “reversible until it requires reversibility” (Charles De Gaulle) The possibilities for exchanging dollars for gold were in every way limited: it could be carried out only at the official level and only in one place - in the US Treasury, but the numbers speak for themselves: from 1970 to 21, US gold reserves decreased from 800 9838,2 to XNUMX tons - more than twice.
    The last point in this "flight from the dollar" and put General de Gaulle, not limited to a declaration on the need to eliminate the priority of the dollar. From words, he got down to business, presenting the United States with an exchange of 1,5 billion US dollars. A scandal erupted. The United States began to put pressure on France as a partner in NATO. And then General de Gaulle went even further, announcing France’s withdrawal from the NATO military organization, the elimination of all 189 NATO bases in France and the withdrawal of 35 NATO soldiers. To top it all off, during his official visit to the United States, he presented $ 750 million for gold. And the United States was forced to make this exchange at a firm rate, since all the necessary formalities were followed.
    Of course, such a scale of "intervention" could not "tumble the dollar", but the blow was dealt to the most vulnerable spot - the "Achilles heel" of the dollar. General de Gaulle set a dangerous precedent for the United States. Suffice it to say that only from 1965 to 1967, the United States was forced to exchange its dollars for 3000 tons of pure gold. Following France, Germany presented dollars for exchange for gold.
    But the United States soon took no less unprecedented protective measures, unilaterally abandoning all its previously accepted international obligations to gold secure the dollar. "