Military Review

USA and NATO use psychological operations and information warfare techniques to the maximum ("Consortiumnews.com", USA)

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USA and NATO use psychological operations and information warfare techniques to the maximum ("Consortiumnews.com", USA)



Psychological operations - methods of influencing the mindset and shaping the views of the population - the usual information policy of the United States and NATO

As was reflected at the recent NATO conference in Latvia and in the new Pentagon leadership “The Right of War”, the US government came to the conclusion that to control and manipulate information as weapons “Soft power” is necessary to combine psychological operations, propaganda and public relations under the catch phrase “strategic communications”.

This attitude led to the consideration of psychological operations - manipulative methods of influence on the mindset and secretive formation of the views of the target groups of the population - as just an ordinary information policy of the United States and NATO.

“The basic idea of ​​NATO is that psychological operations should look like a fundamentally open, truthful and benign activity. And this - with the simultaneous elimination of any significant differences between domestic and foreign media, social media - means that psychological operations, in fact, are soldered to public policy and social and political communications, "- said the British military historian, Dr. Stephen Bedsey (Stephen Badsey), one of the leading authorities in the world in analyzing the use of media in wars.

Bedsi said that NATO largely abandoned the notion that it was necessary to clearly separate psychological operations and communications related to public policy, while NATO officially excluded the use of “black propaganda” or deliberately false information aimed at discrediting the enemy.

“A lengthy discussion on whether protection from psychological operations in ordinary informational activities and public policy should be protected has now basically ended, and, in my opinion, the party has won, whose opinion is contrary to common sense,” added Bedsi.

And, being a part of this Brave New World of “strategic communications,” the US military and NATO are now launching an offensive against the media, which represent real journalism, i.e. against those who doubt the correctness of what the US government seeks to communicate to the world.

Such thinking led to the publication by the Pentagon of the new leadership “The Right of War”, which suggests that journalists in wartime can be considered “spies” or “unprivileged parties to a military conflict”, so they can be subjected to indefinite imprisonment, a military tribunal and extrajudicial execution. Such methods were applied to Al-Qaida terrorists, who were also called "unprivileged parties to a military conflict."

The revised War of War leadership has been sharply criticized by both mainstream and independent media representatives, including the editors of The New York Times and the Committee to Protect Journalists, as well as scholars such as Dr. Bedsee.

“Attitudes towards the media, expressed in the Pentagon’s 2015 Guide, are in violation of international war laws signed by the United States, ranging from the HN Convention 1907 of the year to Geneva Conventions,” said Bedsey, professor of conflictology at Wolverhampton University in the UK which often criticizes the information tactics of the US military.

“But [this guide] is a reflection of the approach fully demonstrated more than ten years ago in Iraq, when the Pentagon decided that some media, in particular Al-Jazeera, are enemies that should be destroyed, not legitimate sources. News».

Vietnamese discussion

The Pentagon's hostility towards journalists, whose articles undermined US government propaganda, became a biased problem during the Vietnam War in the 1960 and 1970. Then, supporters of the war accused American journalists of behaving like government traitors, critically talking about the strategy and tactics of the American military, including exposing atrocities such as the massacre in Songmi.

In the 1980s, conservatives in the Reagan administration — accepting as dogma that “liberal” journalists contributed to the defeat of the United States in Vietnam — acted very aggressively to discredit journalists who wrote about human rights violations by the regimes in Central America, which were supported by the United States. In accordance with this hostile attitude, information coverage of the invasion of Grenada in 1983 was prohibited by order of President Ronald Reagan, and in 1990-91, President George W. Bush was tightly controlling journalists who were trying to tell about the Gulf War. Not letting them get there or good “watching out” for journalists, - the US military didn’t limit themselves much in actions, and their bullying mostly remained undisclosed.

This so-called “use of information as a weapon” was even more deadly during Bill Clinton’s presidency and the war over Kosovo, when NATO identified Serbia’s TV as an enemy “propaganda center” and sent military aircraft to destroy its studio in Belgrade. In April, 1999, acting on the orders of US Army General Wesley Clark, American bombers fired two cruise missiles that turned Serbia’s TV and Radio station (Radio Televizija Srbija) into a pile of stones and killed 16 civilian Serbian journalists.

Despite this premeditated massacre of unarmed journalists, the reaction of most American media was muffled. At the same time, an independent electronic media association in Yugoslavia condemned the attack.

«History showed that none of the forms of repression, in particular, the organized and premeditated murder of journalists, can prevent the flow of information and can not prevent people from choosing their own sources of information, ”the organization pointed out.

Robert Fisk from London The Independent remarked then: “if you kill people, because you don’t like what they say, you change the rules of war”. Now the Pentagon is doing just that, literally rewriting its textbook “The Right of War” and allowing ruthless treatment of “enemy” journalists as “unprivileged participants in a military conflict”.

Despite the planned 1999 attack of the year to silence the news studio, this did not result in this war crime incident being prosecuted against responsible US and NATO officials. And retired General Clark is still a frequent guest on CNN and other American news programs.

Target for defeat - Al-Jazeera

During the presidency of George W. Bush, the Arab television company Al-Jazeera was portrayed as a deserving “enemy media”, and not as a respected legitimate news organization. And American bombs were dropped on her offices. 13 November 2001, during the US invasion of Afghanistan, an American rocket struck at Al-Jazeera in Kabul, destroying the building and damaging the homes of some employees.

8 April 2003, during the US invasion of Iraq, the American rocket hit the Al-Jazeera electric generator in Baghdad, causing a fire that killed journalist Tareq Ayyoub and wounded his colleague. The Bush administration insisted that the bombing of Al-Jazeera’s offices were “random”.

However, in the 2004 year, when the American occupation of Iraq caused growing resistance, American forces launched a major attack on the city of Fallujah. And the video of the assault with pictures of ruin, shown by Al-Jazeera, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld 15 of April 2004 of the year was regarded as “malicious, inaccurate and inexcusable.”

According to a published British report on the minutes of the meeting that took place the next day between President Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair, Bush suggested bombing Al-Jazeera’s headquarters in Qatar, but Blair dissuaded him from this idea, saying that provokes an adverse reaction worldwide.

During the Iraq war, Dr. Bedsi recorded the following observation that I cited in my book “Inappropriate behavior” - about the military’s connections to the media: “The statement that in the first battle of Falluju, the American marines were not defeated by terrorists and rebels in 2004 , but defeated by Al-Jazeera TV programs, shows that American troops did not recognize the tactics they had chosen as erroneous in the existing political realities, and this is reminiscent of another, long-discredited statement that the war in Vietnam was played on America’s television screens. ”

Although the opinion that the journalists of the Vietnam War acted in the American media as the fifth column, not the fourth power, is widespread among conservatives, in reality everything was different: at the early stage of the Vietnam War, media coverage was quite supportive, even flattering. And only then, when the war dragged on, journalists began to treat it more skeptically.

In a recent interview with National Public Radio (NPR), Charles Adams, senior editor of the new textbook / guide, Law of War, was unable to cite examples of government-threatened journalistic operations in the last five wars. Perhaps because there were very few examples of poor performance by journalists of their duties and a few cases where there was either a confusion in the rules or a violation of the embargo on news, which were later found to be unfounded.

Studying the history of journalists deprived of accreditation during the Vietnam War, William Hammond, author of the two-volume history of relations between the American army and the media in Vietnam, found only eight such cases, reflected in the army archives.

Perhaps the most serious of these was with Baltimore Sun journalist John Carroll (John Carroll), a veteran of the armed forces who firmly believed in the importance of the fact that the American people should be as informed as possible about the controversial war. He got into trouble for reporting that the US marines had gathered to leave Khe San 'base, was accused of violating the embargo and denied accreditation, although he claimed that the troops of North Vietnam surrounding the base were well aware of all the movements of the troops.

Toward the end of the war, some journalists also considered the government of South Vietnam so permeated by the Communists that in any case there could be no secrets. Chief Assistant to the Prime Minister Nguyen van Thieu was a spy, and everyone knew about it, except for the American people.

During his long career, which included the position of editor of the Los Angeles Times, Carroll came to the conclusion that journalists "are almost like public servants, and a free press is necessary as an integral part of the people's self-government", - this was written in the obituary in The New York Times after his 14's death on June 2015.

Strategic communications

Under the Obama administration, the concept of “strategic communications” - managing the perception of the world community - has become more and more expandable, and the suppression of information flow has become unprecedented. President Barack Obama, more than any of his predecessors, has sanctioned tough legal actions against people who reveal secret state information and put on public display the unpleasant truth about US foreign policy and intelligence practices.

And the Obama State Department launched a powerful public campaign against the Russian TV channel RT, which resembles the hostility of the Clinton administration towards Serbian TV and the anger of George Bush against Al-Jazeera.

Since RT does not use the vocabulary preferred by the State Department in covering the crisis in Ukraine, and does not show the necessary respect for the US-backed regime in Kiev, the television channel was accused of "propaganda." But this accusation is in fact just a part of the game called “information war”, as it raises doubts about the information coming from the enemy, creating a more favorable environment for their own propaganda.

The growing enthusiasm for “strategic communications” spawned a new NATO sanctuary for information processing techniques called the NATO Strategic Communications Center of Excellence (NATO) or STRATCOM, located in Latvia, the former USSR republic, currently on the front line of tensions with Russia.

On August 20, some of the most influential minds from the world of “strategic communications” gathered in the Latvian capital Riga for a two-day conference called “Perception Issues”. A quotation that has become the epigraph to all the information materials of the conference, said: "Since wars begin in the minds of people, it is necessary to create in the minds the awareness of the need to protect the world." A noble thought is possible, but it was not specifically reflected in the words of more than two hundred specialists in the fields of defense and communications, many of whom view information not as a neutral factor necessary for educating society and developing democracy, but as a weapon of “soft power” for use against the enemy.

Hawk Senator John McCain (John McCain), who led a delegation of US senators there, said that STRATCOM is needed to fight Russia and its president, Vladimir Putin. “This center will help spread the truth,” McCain said. Although “truth” in the world of “strategic communications” can only be the subject of perception.
Author:
Originator:
https://consortiumnews.com/2015/09/02/usnato-embrace-psy-ops-and-info-war/
27 comments
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  1. Denis_469
    Denis_469 11 September 2015 15: 09
    +1
    Information wars are used by everyone. All the difference in efficiency.
    1. Marxist
      Marxist 11 September 2015 15: 25
      15
      It must be understood that accurate and objective information cannot be obtained in modern media.
      You can compare data, analyze, but objective data under capitalism are impossible by definition.
      The media write, broadcast what their owners, who pay for their activities, will order them.
      It cannot be said that everything that the box tells us is a lie, no. Today’s propagandists have abandoned Goebbels’s clumsy methods.
      Today's trend is half-truth.
      To not say, to lie, to embellish - but not to lie and not to tell the truth.
      After all, the point is not even in the information itself, but in how it is presented.
      You can shoot one event, or the same thing, but upside down and with a trembling hand - and believe the latter.
      Therefore, you can not believe neither the Air Force, nor CNN, nor the First Channel, nor Russia-2. Their goal is not to convey the truth to us, and to manipulate our consciousness to please their masters.
      You cannot become stupid and zombie hostages of the information war - you need to think with your own head, analyze, compare.
      Then we can talk about the revival of Russia - when we learn to be individuals, not extras.
      Then the effectiveness of the "information war" will come to naught, because intelligence is the main enemy of any propaganda.
      1. udincev
        udincev 11 September 2015 15: 47
        +3
        Quote: Marxist
        Today’s propagandists have abandoned Goebbels’s clumsy methods.

        Hurry up!
        An example is the media in Ukraine. And personally, Peter Alekseevich.
        Of course, if you can call them "propagandists" ...
        1. The stranger
          The stranger 12 September 2015 00: 48
          0
          Well, therefore, they even overtook their shadow, and are already ridiculous to themselves. This is rather an example of unsuccessful actions at the divisional level. Worse, they study sometimes. The good news is that we have already stepped over the peak of the box office, and if the movie "Debills take over the World" gut the pockets of idiots, then "Debills take over the World - 7. Breeding suckers on a personal plot", is in demand only in a village hairdresser. On shabby videotapes.
      2. Denis_469
        Denis_469 11 September 2015 16: 45
        +1
        Quote: Marxist
        You can compare data, analyze, but objective data under capitalism are impossible by definition.

        By definition, they are possible. My chronicle of submarine attacks and my site are proof of this.

        Quote: Marxist
        The media write, broadcast what their owners, who pay for their activities, will order them.

        It's right. Because independent websites like mine are more objective. No one pays me and no one censors me. Except myself. And those who write with me also have censorship in the framework of decency (for example, without obscenities).

        Quote: Marxist
        Then the effectiveness of the "information war" will come to naught, because intelligence is the main enemy of any propaganda.
        This is true - propaganda does not work on smart ones.
      3. Asadullah
        Asadullah 11 September 2015 17: 27
        +3
        Today's trend is half-truth.


        Today's trend is conventionality and rating. That is, the impact on the minds is not the goal. The main thing is the continuity and constancy of publications. For example, take the DELPHI resource in national languages. Anti-Russian publications are a fad of a resource, they go every day sometimes several times a day. We read comments sorting by polarity, what is it, I can’t believe my eyes, 60-70% of the electorate leave a mocking comment on the article, calling the resource, power and the Americans their Russian names. And these are the Balts, in whom a dislike for everything Russian was inculcated as a child by a dispossessed miller by grandfather. But, what is it, literally the following similar article is 90% overwhelmed by Rus-hateful comments. That is, it is clear to any sober person that a situation is impossible when different articles on the same topic are read by a different electorate. It’s the same as black geese pecking black croup and white geese. We understand the inclusion of the work of the corrector, who is working on a specific custom article, which the customer will analyze.

        Now, from what does the population of the Baltic States, in their reading equivalent, not accept American propaganda? The effect of imposition. It causes rejection and rejection. The impact on the minds should not take the form of a bucket of water on the head, it is effective drop by drop, then everything is absorbed. But why do the Americans, despite their punctures and not yet completely degraded, perfectly understanding (so far) this law, do not pay attention to this effect? And because the citizen’s consciousness is important when changes in the life of the state depend on him, and democracy, having developed into an aggressive bureaucracy, created a political formation where any party, movement, social or political, is subordinate to Washington anyway. Whom do not choose. But forceful overthrow is impossible, just as any discontent in Russia was not possible under the oprichnina. Then it is not necessary to spend resources on individual citizens, let them have fun, funds invested in another.

        How long this can last and what will lead to it is a question. But the fact is, any aggressive force directed against such a state will always have recruits for itself. It is very significant that radical Islam is increasingly attracting the white race as a means of struggle. For such a European citizen furious with lawlessness of power, there is no longer any way to realize his protest. When the elections are turned into an ordinary fiction, not even hidden.
        1. Denis_469
          Denis_469 11 September 2015 17: 49
          +2
          Quote: Asadullah
          How long this can last and what will lead to it is a question.

          Not a question: liars are always entangled in their lies. And then their life will be put in place. Just an example from the recent past: there is such a character on the Internet as Mina, widely known in narrow circles. Everything likes to not express itself well about our weapons. Lied completely. And so, as I was lying around, it so happened that an article appeared on my site about the sale of torpedoes for submarines since 2010. The link to my article is here: http://topwar.ru/81821-rossiya-na-mezhdunarodnom-rynke-torpednogo-vooruzh
          eni
          ya.html there factology (type and quantity) was taken from me. Thanks to the author that at least indicated the name of my site at the same time. And after that, by chance, it so happened that Mina went on surface ships. He ceased to be interested in reasoning about how bad our torpedoes are compared to the western ones ... here the western ones are beauty, and ours are so guano. And now I'm waiting for this liar to write his next article about first-class Western weapons and our worthlessness. And then I'll look at how his text will correspond to the real sales of weapons in the world. But, unfortunately, in the near future he will not write anything like that. Because then they can immediately ask him: why is ours, according to him guano, bought in the world, and nobody needs Western ones, such as sweets, in the world.
          I have led this example to the fact that everyone knows that the media prints what they pay for. And Mina is paid. And everyone around the world knows about this. Because they read independent resources like mine. And they buy our weapons. With such military men as ours, Russia does not need enemies. It is enough to have several such as Mina in different areas and the blockage of everything will be guaranteed.
          1. The stranger
            The stranger 12 September 2015 01: 13
            0
            Thanks for the link. I have a friend - a clinical maniac on the topic of Soviet torpedoes, to be delighted. In his youth he was a flag navigator of the anti-submarine division, then he fished, then he drove hundreds of thousands, he knows everything, he’s tired of everything. And so the Soviet torpedoes - the only thing that deduces from lethargy, and from which the eyes burn :)
      4. tol100v
        tol100v 11 September 2015 21: 23
        +2
        Quote: Marxist
        You cannot become stupid and zombie hostages of the information war - you need to think with your own head, analyze, compare.

        Glory to GOD that we were once taught to read between the lines and hear the unsaid!
      5. The stranger
        The stranger 12 September 2015 00: 36
        0
        Definitely. In addition to the nuances, there is nothing to add.
        By the way, in the 90th they all of us killed this. They realized that they couldn’t get rockets - tanks, and they piled on gum - jeans. When the lace panties were added, it was all over.
    2. udincev
      udincev 11 September 2015 15: 31
      +1
      Quote: Denis_469
      Information wars use everything

      We can say that everyone leads.
      But not everyone uses “strategic communications” for this, as they are shown in the article.
      1. Denis_469
        Denis_469 11 September 2015 16: 46
        0
        Quote: udincev
        We can say that everyone leads.
        But not everyone uses “strategic communications” for this, as they are shown in the article.

        It's right. Many use much better. Very much. So much so that after use the commander of the submarine forces of the US Pacific Fleet was removed from his post. the point is how presented.
    3. 34 region
      34 region 11 September 2015 15: 50
      +2
      Denis 469! 15.09/XNUMX. You are a plus. I'll add more. All wars went with the name of God. America was conquered with a cross and a sword. At the Wehrmacht what was written, WITH US GOD (it seems so). What does religion have to do with it? It was the same information war. Now believers will spit on me. What scientific discoveries have religion made (I don’t know). What is the use of today's media? They kindle hatred of various kinds, pitting peoples. And everyone sees it, very effectively. Previously, religion did this. These are correct, and these are wrong (and they must be lime). Was there faith? And today we believe in England, the United States, and the dollar. If I believe in the USA, I will live well. If I believe in Russia, I will live poorly. After all, nothing has changed but the technological level. Previously, the church was engaged in political work, today the media. So, without ideology, nowhere or nowhere. hi
      1. Denis_469
        Denis_469 11 September 2015 16: 48
        -1
        Quote: Region 34
        What scientific discoveries have religion made (I don’t know).

        And you ask a question - and you will find out. Each of us once did not know how to add 2 and 2. But he learned and found out. It’s the same here.

        Quote: Region 34
        So, without ideology, nowhere or nowhere.

        The point is not so much in ideology as in compliance with laws. The same Bible is just a set of laws of heaven and all. Roughly speaking in our criminal code. Prescribed crimes and punishment for them. But ideology itself without truth is meaningless: Hitler had ideology, but did not have truth. And where is he?
        1. 34 region
          34 region 11 September 2015 17: 35
          +1
          Denis 469! 16.48. In my opinion, Hitler's entire ideology was in conquering living space (resources) for Germany. Yes, and Western ideology is built on this. At the same time, the idea of ​​their worthlessness is suggested to others. I am not writing for controversy. This is just my vision.
          1. Denis_469
            Denis_469 11 September 2015 17: 41
            +1
            And what difference does Hitler have ideology? She was. But there was no truth behind her.
            1. Stanislas
              Stanislas 11 September 2015 18: 46
              +1
              Quote: Denis_469
              there was no truth behind her.
              good
            2. The stranger
              The stranger 12 September 2015 01: 51
              +1
              But no - at first it was. Probably not interested, but after the First World War, then it was called European, the French behaved in the occupied territories of Germany, as then the Germans in the USSR in 41-42. This is how Hitler fascized the German people for himself, in the wake of the struggle for national liberation from the French monsters. And he was right. This is how "His Struggle" began, sorry for the pun. All other factors are understandable, but later. And the German people were really fascinated, they believed in it, because such successes can not be achieved only from under a stick. The same thing happened in the USSR. Gulag, Stalin, commissars ... Nonsense. The people decided - and the war from just a war - turned into a Patriotic one.
              Which by the way applies to both the American "people" and the Ukrainian people today.
        2. Stanislas
          Stanislas 11 September 2015 18: 42
          +1
          Quote: Denis_469
          It is not so much a matter of ideology ... Hitler had an ideology, but did not have the truth. And where is he?
          The point, nmv, is that it is impossible without ideology, but it only needs to be built on the truth. Those who build ideology on lies, manipulative techniques, will end up "effectively" - like Hitler.
        3. The stranger
          The stranger 12 September 2015 01: 31
          +1
          Ooooh ... Probably not. Relation Science - Faith is a slippery issue.
          They seem to be mutually exclusive, but there is one subtle point. Geometrization.
          There is no science without mathematics, mathematics is not science. If in algebra everything starts with number theory, where the postulate is zero, one, the next number, and the addition action, then in geometry there are already 10 axioms. Then everything is logical, the fork is where to believe in these axioms. The main argument of fanatics that science is bullshit.
          Of course, I don’t have a killer argument against it, but that it was not religion that knew the world - as if it had already loomed ...
          1. Denis_469
            Denis_469 12 September 2015 11: 15
            -1
            Quote: Alien
            Of course, I don’t have a killer argument against it, but that it was not religion that knew the world - as if it had already loomed ...

            Take a better interest: just find out that if not Christianity, then Newtonian physics would still be there. Einstein believed in God and simply decided to find out how he arranged and created the world. Therefore, he began his research leading first to SRT, and then to GR. And physicists all over the world owe their knowledge to religion. Or rather Christianity. If Einstein did not believe in Christ, he would not do his research and the whole world would still use Newtonian physics.

            Quote: Alien
            The main argument of fanatics that science is bullshit.

            You know, this is really so. Towards the end of his life, Einstein found errors in general relativity, but did not have time to correct them. Because now physics is not a science - it's bullshit. There is not a single physicist capable of explaining the superluminal motion of particles. There is such a movement - but physicists have no explanation.
            I can say that official history is also a politicized bullshit. I'm just doing it. And therefore, I can absolutely say for sure that in any official history the reliability is approximately 50%. And 50% reliability is not a science - it's bullshit. And I can continue this list with specific examples.
    4. iouris
      iouris 12 September 2015 16: 43
      -1
      The term "information war" is incorrect. This is an ideological war. Ideology is a system of views about the ownership of the means of production and the method of distribution of manufactured products. Do you agree that the USA is the "shining house on the hill"? If not, then you are a scoop, quilted jacket, or colorado (no quotes).
      1. populist
        populist 12 September 2015 23: 16
        -1
        iouris

        The term "information war" is incorrect. This is an ideological war. Ideology is a system of views on the ownership of the means of production and the way in which the output is distributed.

        There were many info wars between representatives of the same ideology.
        1. iouris
          iouris 14 September 2015 17: 59
          -1
          War between representatives of one ideology is impossible. War is a way of resolving antagonistic contradictions.
          1. populist
            populist 16 September 2015 10: 09
            0
            Infovoyna almost always accompanies an ordinary war, and wars between representatives of the same ideology are the most frequent phenomenon.
  2. Vitaly Anisimov
    Vitaly Anisimov 11 September 2015 15: 13
    +4
    stated that STRATCOM is needed to fight Russia and its president, Vladimir Putin. “This center will help spread the truth.”
    Late Mr. McCainey, we passed this in the 90s, the vaccine was painful, but it works well now and in the future ... hi I remembered this for the rest of my life ..! And I will bring up children as expected and I will fight with such features as you and your mongrel around the world! And there are many like me in Russia, and most importantly youth ..! P
  3. Irokez
    Irokez 11 September 2015 15: 18
    +2
    Yes, of course - this is their very first type of weapons.
    Money, propaganda - this is a war over selfishness and the minds of people and thus an unarmed global war without sending troops to the conflict region.
    As I wrote earlier, there is a war for the minds of people and their thoughts in the first place, and then when it does not help, there are killers and troops to restore order.
    1. tol100v
      tol100v 11 September 2015 21: 36
      +1
      Quote: Irokez
      Yes, of course - this is their very first type of weapons.
      Money, propaganda - this is a war over selfishness and the minds of people and thus an unarmed global war without sending troops to the conflict region.
      As I wrote earlier, there is a war for the minds of people and their thoughts

      There is no need to fight bread and circuses under liberal and globalization sauce! Everything will collapse by itself! And then brazenly Saxons will begin to build everyone and everything. But this is unlikely! The whole world has already realized what it carries!
  4. Vladimir 1964
    Vladimir 1964 11 September 2015 15: 19
    +1
    Good article, I wonder what will be the controversy?
  5. Engineer
    Engineer 11 September 2015 15: 25
    +2
    An interesting picture, but after the 3rd world video camera will be considered as a gift from the gods.
  6. 34 region
    34 region 11 September 2015 15: 35
    0
    Liberal journalists contributed to the defeat of the United States in the war! This is something new! After all, the United States has always been for freedom of speech and human rights. And from the 90s we have been told that liberalism is sacred! In bent (about liberals against the war)!
  7. Vladimir 1964
    Vladimir 1964 11 September 2015 16: 20
    +1
    Quote: Region 34
    Liberal journalists contributed to the defeat of the United States in the war! This is something new! After all, the United States has always been for freedom of speech and human rights. And from the 90s we have been told that liberalism is sacred! In bent (about liberals against the war)!

    Liberalism in the American way has always been "two-way", for internal and external consumption. You and I feel the exterior very well in our own life, but we have it exactly American from the 90s.
    But internal American liberalism is quite an interesting thing, remember at least the unrest of blacks in connection with police lawlessness and how to suppress them.
    As for the Vietnam War and liberal journalism, the author is right, the American press then managed to organize mass protests and bring hundreds of thousands of people to the streets. True, this was the last liberal action of the American press. Now the concept of the American liberal press does not exist.
  8. japs
    japs 11 September 2015 16: 26
    +3
    It should be recognized that the collapse of the USSR is the result of Western propaganda, but not only it, because the years of Soviet propaganda taught the people to wait for decision-making by leaders. That is, the passivity of the population. Today, this method of the collapse of the Russian Federation will not work. Most of the population has its own point of view, its own opinion, which was not during the times of the USSR. It pleases, but you can not relax.
  9. rf xnumx
    rf xnumx 11 September 2015 17: 25
    +1
    In this matter, they are big specialists, ahead of the rest, there are a lot of suckers, and most importantly, it just doesn’t work in Russia, we already burned
  10. Stanislas
    Stanislas 11 September 2015 17: 25
    0
    Commentary on the picture with machine guns of the three world wars:"Strategic communicators" muddy primarily and to the greatest extent the consciousness of their peoples.
  11. akudr48
    akudr48 12 September 2015 08: 40
    0
    Information warfare and psychological operations as a method of conducting them are an integral part of "soft power" for the enemy.

    Which, in turn, cannot be provided without the presence of an appropriate "hard power" in an adequate volume, which is based on the threat of the use of direct military force by the enemy.

    Usually soft power precedes military force, and most often they are used in combination.

    Here it should be remembered the proverb of the gangsters that "a kind word (soft power) and a gun (hard power) are better than one kind word.

    There are plenty of examples of using soft power and hard power in international politics.

    One can cite Reagan's "Star Wars" bluff, which scared Gorbachev and the old people from the Politburo.

    Russia in Crimea also used virtually "soft power", forcing the Square to get out of the peninsula, while the green men were behind the decisions of the Crimean parliament, which is correct.

    But relying on intimidation, evasion, false swings and feints, while stepping back and not intending to use ordinary military force, you can quickly lose, because the enemy sees everything and knows how to distinguish a real threat from a threat by a threat.

    What we now see in the Donbass.
  12. Russian_German
    Russian_German 12 September 2015 23: 09
    0
    Quote: Denis_469
    And physicists all over the world owe their knowledge to religion. Or rather Christianity.

    Do not make me laugh! Religion is the idea of ​​the authorities to keep the people in subjection. The thesis - "Any power from God!", Not resistance to evil - "Hit on the left cheek, substitute the right one" runs through it. The rest is just rubbish written to hide these two theses.
    Quote: Denis_469
    The same Bible - this is just a set of laws of heaven and all.

    The Bible is the notion of the Zionic sages to enslave the Goyim (not Jews). Here is the Bible for sure bullshit!
    Quote: Denis_469
    There is not a single physicist capable of explaining the superluminal motion of particles. There is such a movement - but physicists have no explanation.

    Well, it's time for you to give the Nobel Prize! Facts in the studio that there is superluminal particle motion. I would like to know about what? And what kind of movement are we talking about? What kind of education do you have, if not a secret? And you know that the speed of light (electromagnetic wave) in a diamond, for example, is lower than in a vacuum, which is why light refraction occurs. So, let it be known to you, the speed of light is not constant. In dense transparent media, one, in a vacuum, the other. And relative to the speed of light in a diamond, the speed of light in a vacuum is higher, i.e. is "superluminal". And also speed - there is a function of time, and time at different speeds is different. Learn physics, tenth grade will do.
    1. Denis_469
      Denis_469 14 September 2015 23: 20
      0
      For a long time I have not seen such nonsense as yours. Honestly. In Google, probably banned at all? Horror - I’ll write now so that Google will let you out of the ban. Go get drunk and then read again what you wrote here.