Military Review

Sky Keys and Electricity in the Arctic

11
The enterprises of the holding “High-precision complexes” showed unique developments at MAKS-2015


The Aviation and Space Salon, which took place in August in Zhukovsky near Moscow, attracted close attention of not only specialists, but also the general public. The predictions given in the media that in the current international situation the exposition will be scanty were justified exactly the opposite.

In particular, on the so-called days for specialists, the European aircraft giant "Airbus" showed its most modern wide-body long-range liner with a composite wing A-350. Large expositions (though without “living” airplanes) were held by competitors of European aircraft manufacturers - the American Boeing and the Brazilian Embraer. South African firm Denel presented the latest developments in the field of unmanned aviation, rocket science, etc.

The eminent Russian and foreign participants of the Moscow Aviation and Space Salon can be listed for a long time, and yet the closest attention of both experts and journalists was drawn to the stands of the enterprises of the High-Precision Complexes Holding.

Show in a fighting position


“High-precision complexes” perfectly performed “homework”, not only presented various models of their products at the joint stand, but also prepared an excellent static exposition.

“Using a GTA, a tank, without spending its lifespan and fuel, without unmasking its positions, can be in a shelter or ambush for about a day”
The first thing that caught the eye of all those who approached the C-1 pavilion was the nearby complexes: the Pantsir-C1 anti-aircraft missile-gun, the Kornet-EM anti-tank missile. Both cars - in the so-called martial position.

Both the unique high-speed anti-aircraft guns and launchers of anti-aircraft guided missiles were deployed on the yellow, “desert” color of the Pantsir (according to NATO classification - Greyhound, “Hound”). Radar and optoelectronic stations were in the working position.

On the roof of a Tigr armored car, camouflaged and specially modified for the installation of the Kornet armored car, everyone could see the PU raised from a special compartment in the back of the PU machine with anti-tank missiles placed in them in special containers.

Sky Keys and Electricity in the ArcticDuring the exhibition, the calculation of this anti-tank missile system developed by the Tula Instrument Design Bureau has shown more than once how in a matter of seconds, the Cornet turns from a combat position into a traveling one.

At the stand itself in the С-1 pavilion, in the section of the Kolomna engineering design bureau, the Verba portable anti-aircraft missile system was presented. All those who wished could not only take into their hands this MANPADS recently adopted by the Russian army, but also try to take a fighting position with it, familiarize themselves with the command and control. Simply put - to feel like a real operator "Verba".

“It only seems to raise MANPADS, try on it, flip it with switches — such an attraction for adults. In fact, we estimate how convenient it is for the operator to work with Verba. If he gets tired quickly, his attention falls, which means that even with good target designation, it will not be possible to take an enemy plane or helicopter to escort and then shoot him down. In the heat of battle, it takes only a few seconds, and what will happen if the operator mixes the switches ?! ”- a representative of a foreign military delegation, who wished to remain anonymous, shared his impressions with the“ Military-Industrial Courier ”. From the point of view of ergonomics, operator comfort, he liked the newest Russian MANPADS very much.

Brains "Iskander"


In addition to such well-known developers and manufacturers of weapons and military equipment, such as the Tula Instrument Design Bureau and Kolomna Engineering Machinery Bureau, the Moscow Central Research Institute of Automation and Hydraulics (TsNIIAG), known only to a narrow circle of specialists, took part in the exposition of the High-Precision Complexes holding. He, as indicated in official documents, occupies a leading position in the development of high-precision guidance and control systems weapons. At the Moscow Aviation and Space Salon, the enterprise presented the most important elements of the Iskander tactical missile system - the point of receiving information (PIP) and the command and control vehicle (KSHM). Anyone could see a video of what tasks these units perform in a combat situation. After the enemy is detected by means of reconnaissance, including species, radar, space, the data and coordinates of the targets are sent to the PIP, from where, after processing, are transmitted via radio channels in the VHF range to the command and staff vehicles. The range of information exchange between PPI and KSHM can be tens of kilometers. A command to the launchers is transmitted to an even greater distance. In the HF range is several hundred kilometers.

Promising energy


Next to the TsNIIAG, SKB Turbina, located in Chelyabinsk, represented its products. The Special Design Office is the only developer and manufacturer of small-sized gas turbine engines and power units in Russia and the near abroad.

Many “Turbines” products, in particular the mentioned gas turbine power generating units (GTA), are equipped with modern weapons and military equipment, including Tanks T-90, T-80 and T-72, self-propelled howitzers Msta, anti-aircraft missile systems S-300 and OTRK Iskander.

What is GTA for? When the main engine is off, it provides electricity to all electronic systems of combat vehicles. And the power unit is able to do this in the temperature range from -50 to + 50 degrees over 20 hours. In fact, using a GTA, a tank, without spending its lifespan and fuel, without unmasking its positions, can be in shelter or ambush for about a day. The power unit also helps to charge the batteries and start the main engine, even in very cold weather.

At the heart of the GTA is the turbine, which turns the generator, which supplies a constant electric current to the onboard network of the combat vehicle. Moreover, the units operate not only on ordinary diesel fuel, but also on gasoline and even, surprisingly, on kerosene.

For installation on the developed models of military equipment, serial GTAs have been selected, which have undergone a deep revision associated with the high saturation of the newest tank with various electronics.

SKB "Turbina" also develops and manufactures various civilian products. In particular, the APA-18 airfield launch-charging unit, the TD-30 small-size turbojet engine and the natural gas-powered gas-turbine installation MGTU-100, issuing 100 kilowatts of power, were presented at the Moscow Aviation and Space Salon.

As the Turbins specialists have explained, MSTU is a promising, proactive development of a design bureau designed to provide customers with uninterrupted power supply in difficult conditions of low temperatures, in particular when working in the Arctic. So, in July of this year, the installation immediately attracted the attention of companies engaged in oil and gas production at the Moscow exhibition “Oil and Gas”. A large number of deposits are located in regions with a difficult climate, so it is not surprising that the fishermen became interested in the installation capable of providing stable and uninterrupted power supply.

Works on MSTU are being completed, SKB is planning to bring it to market in 2016, the order book for this unique installation is already being formed. According to representatives of the design bureau, it is planned to release a whole line of gas turbine power plants of various capacities.

Currently, the American corporation CAPstone is promoting similar products on the world market, but the special design bureau Turbina will undoubtedly be able to squeeze out competitors in the domestic, and possibly in the world market. By the way, the installation is going entirely from domestic components, including all electronics.

In extremely cold conditions, due to the use of a natural gas turbine, the APA-18 airfield launcher also operates on natural gas. It surpasses the closest competitors not only in limiting temperatures of use, but also in output power.

Work on the small TD-30 is ongoing. One of the applications of the engine - unmanned aircraft. According to representatives of the special design bureau Turbina, at the request of the customer it can be finalized for both return aircrafts (LA) and disposable aircraft. Currently, the engine is able to lift into the air LA weighing several hundred kilograms for several hours.
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  1. Bort radist
    Bort radist 12 September 2015 07: 11 New
    +6
    Moreover, the units work not only on ordinary diesel fuel, but also on gasoline and even, surprisingly, on kerosene.
    Kerosene turbine this combination just shocked me laughing
    Surely it can work on alcohol !!! but who will pour it there in combat conditions. It is better to wipe the optics and contacts with a thin layer. fellow
    1. War and Peace
      War and Peace 12 September 2015 11: 40 New
      -2
      Quote: Bort Radist
      Moreover, the units work not only on ordinary diesel fuel, but also on gasoline and even, surprisingly, on kerosene.
      Kerosene turbine this combination just shocked me laughing
      Surely it can work on alcohol !!! but who will pour it there in combat conditions. It is better to wipe the optics and contacts with a thin layer. fellow



      nnda buddy, but heard about the t-80? so here
      Multi-fuel engine GTE
      Engine power 919 kW (1250 hp)
      everything goes there and jet fuel and diesel fuel go, on SHILKA there is a turbine that rotates the generator, on TUNGUSK, on ​​the TOP, but there are many where, but the fact that they showed a small turbine on MAXE is not an achievement, there’s nothing new in essence no...
      1. Bort radist
        Bort radist 12 September 2015 11: 55 New
        +2
        Quote: war and peace
        nnda buddy, but heard about the t-80?

        But you didn’t catch the sarcasm of the old man, and humorous army thin
        Aviation is now all on turbines and kerosene, but whoever flew will understand.
        1. Aleksandr72
          Aleksandr72 12 September 2015 13: 05 New
          +1
          And none of the aviators in a "sober" mind and with memory will not use alcohol to wipe contacts, and even less so as fuel. After all, there is such a thing as a “masandra” (whoever is related to aviation will understand laughing ), and in the north there is also a cocktail under the very "sophisticated", creative, and most importantly such a rare and exclusive name "Northern Lights" (who drank - he knows! fellow ) And about the turbine on the T-80, now, at a time when the Internet is available even in a rather remote village, not only tankers have heard and know about this tank and its turbine. wink
          I have the honor.
          1. Bort radist
            Bort radist 12 September 2015 17: 22 New
            +2
            Quote: Aleksandr72
            And none of the aviators in their "sober" mind and with memory will not use alcohol to wipe the contacts,

            There is such an aviation joke.
            The radio operator came on board after training in the regiment. They say to him: "Let's check what you were taught?" They gave a bottle of alcohol, a rag and ordered to wipe the contacts. He wetted a cloth and let the contact groups handle.
            - The foreman shouting "Set aside" took everything and says. "You can not do it this way". Pours a glass. Drinks, breathes on contacts. "It is necessary to cover with a thin layer" and wipes.
            1. Throw
              Throw 12 September 2015 18: 40 New
              +4
              “High-precision systems” I liked at the MAX precision-guided missiles laughing
    2. The comment was deleted.
  2. max702
    max702 12 September 2015 10: 58 New
    +2
    Interesting . But can a gas turbine apparatus run on associated gas, which is now burned during oil production ...
    It would be really interesting for oil industry workers.
    1. gjv
      gjv 12 September 2015 13: 35 New
      +2
      Quote: max702
      But can a gas turbine apparatus run on associated gas, which is now burned during oil production ...
      It would be really interesting for oil industry workers.

      Oil workers have long been aware of this. However, real work on the processing and use of APG began relatively recently.
      OAO Tomskneft VNK continues the program for the use of associated petroleum gas.
      On July 12, 2011 Tomskneft and Saturn Gas Turbines OJSC commissioned GTES-12 at the Igolsko-Talovoye field (Tomskneft) worth 870 million rubles, which will allow supplying energy to the facilities of the Vasyugan group of fields.

      The power plant is based on two GTA-6RM gas turbine units with a unit electric power of 6 MW (assembled on the basis of the serial, relatively cheap, D-30KU / KP aircraft engines, which have established themselves as the most reliable engine in Russia, which is used on mass IL-62M, TU airplanes -154M and IL-76) and the generator TK-6-2RUKHL (JSC "Drive"). The general designer of GTES was Zvezda-Energetika OJSC. GTES operates in a simple cycle, providing electricity to the own needs of an oil field. Fuel is associated petroleum gas.
    2. gjv
      gjv 12 September 2015 13: 41 New
      +1
      Tomskneft has launched a gas turbine power plant with a capacity of 24 MW.

      The construction of a gas turbine power plant was carried out as part of the gas program with the aim of increasing the level of beneficial use of associated petroleum gas (APG), both in the region and in the whole enterprise. The new power plant will provide energy for the development of reserves of the Vasyugan group of fields.
      The GTES will consume up to 58,5 million cubic meters of associated gas per year from the Krapivinsky, Dvurechensky and Zapadno-Moiseevsky oil fields located in the Tomsk region. The station’s work will allow to increase the level of APG usability in these fields to 88,2%, and the plant’s electricity generating capacity has reached a total of almost 70 MW.
      The station has four Russian-made gas turbine units, a fuel gas treatment unit, and an open switchgear. The operation of the new gas turbine station is fully automated.
      In addition to the start-up power station at the Dvurechenskoye field, Tomskneft’s fields have 24 and 12 MW gas turbine power plants (Igolsko-Talovoye oil field) and 7,5 MW gas turbine power plants (West Midday oil field).
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. gjv
      gjv 12 September 2015 13: 46 New
      0
      Currently, electric energy for the fields of the Ostaninskaya group is produced at the power complex of the North-Ostaninskoye field, which runs on associated petroleum gas. Using APG as a fuel significantly reduces the cost of electricity and increases the percentage of its utilization.
      Previously, electricity for these fields was generated at diesel power plants, which was a rather expensive process, limited technologists in energy capacities and required constant support of the required diesel fuel supply.


      The transfer of energy to the fields of the Ostaninskaya group became possible with the commissioning of two power substations. Now, electric energy from the step-up substation PS-6/10/35 kV of the North Ostaninskoye oil and gas condensate field (NGKM) (Tomsk region) via a high-voltage power line (VL-35 kV) with a length of 28 km is supplied to the step-down substation PS-35/10, located at the Ostaninskoye field. Further, over 10 kV overhead transmission lines, electricity is transmitted to the Mirnoye, Pindzhinskoye and Ostaninskoye fields.
    5. The comment was deleted.
    6. gjv
      gjv 12 September 2015 13: 50 New
      0
      In the Perm Territory, the launch of a booster compressor station at the LUKOIL-Permneftegazpererabotka gas processing plant and the commissioning of the first start-up complex of the energy center at the LUKOIL-Permnefteorgsintez oil refinery were launched.
      With the help of a booster compressor station (DSC), gas will be supplied to the energy center, which will provide Lukoil-Permnefteorgsintez with electric and thermal energy.
      Both facilities were built with the participation of Aviadvigatel OJSC.
      In the near future, as new facilities are commissioned at LUKOIL-Permneftegazpererabotka and the second start-up complex of the energy center, the level of utilization of associated petroleum gas produced at the fields of LUKOIL-PERM LLC will be increased to 95%.
      In addition, DKS provides a technical opportunity for delivering LUKOIL-Permneftegazpererabotka products to the Gazprom gas transmission system. The structure of compressor stations, in particular, includes three compressor units with a capacity of 600 million m3 per year each.
      The electric capacity of the energy center, which will consist of two starting complexes, is 200 MW, and the thermal capacity is 435 Gcal / h.
      The commissioning of the first start-up complex of the energy center is planned in the 2014rd quarter of 2014, the second start-up complex - at the end of the XNUMXth quarter of XNUMX.
      The construction of this facility seriously increases the reliability of energy supply. Energy Center Designed based on modern gas turbine technologies (equipment manufactured by Aviadvigatel OJSC)allowing to achieve high fuel efficiency.
    7. gjv
      gjv 12 September 2015 13: 55 New
      +1
      LUKOIL-Western Siberia introduced another new unit at the Krasnoleninsky field.
      A gas turbine power plant (GTES) with a capacity of 48 MW operates on APG.
      It will make it possible to bring the level of APG utilization at the field to 95% and provide electric power to the facilities.

      The power plant includes four power units EGES-12S, created on the basis of gas turbine units GTU-12PG-2 developed by Aviadvigatel OJSC, serially produced by Perm Motor Plant OJSC. GTU-12PG-2 was developed on the basis of the gas generator of the PS-90A aircraft engine.
      The power units are equipped with PR.55101 gearboxes (Kirov-Energomash CJSC) and TS-12-2 RUKHLZ turbogenerators (Drive JSC) with a ShSV-4 microprocessor excitation system. Associated petroleum gas will be used as fuel.
  3. 31rus
    31rus 12 September 2015 11: 21 New
    0
    That’s good, it’s necessary to implement it faster (until the sanctions have been lifted), their engines for UAV are pleasing, but not enough, there is a lot of work and market