Military Review

Autograph of General Derevyanko

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Autograph of General DerevyankoIn Japan, in Tokyo Bay, on the deck of the American battleship "Missouri" 2 September 1945, the Act on the unconditional surrender of militaristic Japan was signed. The Second World War, which lasted six years and one day, ended. All financial and ideological contradictions that could be resolved by force weaponswere allowed. From the USSR, the Act was signed by Lieutenant-General K.N. Derevianko (1904 – 1954) is a “little-known general,” as he would later say about himself.


A little bit about falsifiers


Modern Ukrainians, "activists historical memory ”, like Poroshenko in his speech on September 2, 2015, enlisted General Derevyanko in his asset. We see the portrait of the general with the star of the Hero of Ukraine in the brochure "Ukraine in Other World War II", published by the notorious Institute of National Remembrance. The director of "national memory", of course, is a graduate of the United States. His booklet isolates with a scalpel the “Ukrainian component” from the Great Patriotic War, from World War II, posthumously disfiguring biographies, history, memory. For modern militarized unfortunate Ukraine, for all educational institutions, the installation of the Institute of National Memory is a guide for zombies. The brochure, stuffed with false maxims, is cooked up according to recipes, as we will see later, developed in the USA back in 1945 for occupied Japan.

Looking at the biography, at the heroic - without exaggeration - the life of General Derevianko, all the folly and meanness of the Ukrainian falsifiers working against the people of Ukraine becomes apparent. K.N. Derevianko belongs to the general history of Russia, the Russian world and the great era in which he was destined to live.

Who is he, General Derevyanko?


Kuzma Nikolayevich Derevyanko was born in the village of Kosenovka, Kiev province (Cherkasy region) 14 (1) in November 1904 in a large peasant family. He received his name according to the calendar date - the church celebrates Bezsrebrenik Kosma on this day. The context of the epoch was as follows: in the Far East, thousands of kilometers from Kosenovka, the heroic Port Arthur was bleeding, there was a tragic war for imperial Russia against Japan. Forty years later, the Soviet Union will restore the power lost then in the Pacific Ocean, and Kuzma Derevianko, the son of the stone-cutter and grain-grower, will have a direct bearing on this.

Prior to joining the School of Red Sergeants (Red Commanders) in 1922, he spent three years in a parish school, a year in an agricultural school. The school of commanders, established in Kharkov in 1920, was in fact the main military school of Soviet Ukraine, where, among other things (with a view to the world revolution), the Japanese language was also taught. After graduating from the School in 1924 (he was 20 years old), he could speak, read and write in the language of the Land of the Rising Sun. Kuzma Nikolayevich was a strongman, an athlete, a Komsomol member, wrote poetry.

As a commander, he began serving in the 99 Infantry Division, formed in the city of Cherkasy; commanded a platoon, company, was head of the military office of the Cherkasy House of the Red Army; in 1927, he joined the VKP (b). The new government, as the political leadership believed, needed a new military elite. In the 1930 – 1931 years, the first purge of “military experts” —the former generals and officers of the imperial army — took place in the Red Army. From that moment on, Derevianko, who showed analytical skills, at headquarters work: chief of staff of the 296 th Shevchenko Rifle Regiment, then service in the headquarters of the Ukrainian Military District. The talent was obvious. In 1933, he is sent to the Military Academy. Mv Frunze - to the Special Faculty (intelligence), where, in addition to Japanese, he studied English. Since 1936, Derevyanko has served in the Red Army Intelligence Directorate, in the Special Task Division of the General Staff of the Red Army. In the summer of 1937, the Sino-Japanese War broke out in full force, which would end only in September of 1945. Thus, Derevianko was a soldier of this war from its first days.

In March 1938 (33 of the year), he received the first Order of Lenin for creating a transshipment base through which military aid was sent to the Republic of China.
Armament transports - two thousand kilometers - went through the Tien Shan and the Gobi Desert - hundreds of guns, thousands of machine guns and rifles, millions of shells and ammunition. The USSR also supplied aircraft (about a thousand), Tanks, tractors, cars. At the beginning of 1939, 3665 Soviet instructors, pilots, technicians, and drivers were in China. In his memoirs, Derevyanko writes about receiving the order in the Kremlin and about meeting with his family, who came specially, with his teenage son. May was: “In uniform and with the major’s buttonholes, he saw me on the day when I received the Order of Lenin. My son and I had to walk the streets of Moscow. It was a great pleasure for him to see how people with special interest look at the military man with the Order of Lenin on his chest, at that time not many had such a high award. ”

Unfortunately, the memoirs of General Derevyanko were published in Kiev (“The Legendary General”, 2004) in small editions and, as the publisher writes, translated into “materinsku movu”.

During the war with Finland (1939 — 1940), Derevyanko headed the headquarters of the Separate Special Purpose Ski Unit. The Great Patriotic War found him in the Baltic States, but, holding the position of deputy chief of the Intelligence Division of the Baltic Military District's intelligence staff, he then performed a special task in East Prussia. With the beginning of the Great Patriotic District was transformed into the North-Western Front. In August, 1941-th during the deposition of the Soviet counterattack under Staraya Russa Derevyanko led a raid to the rear of the German troops, during which about two thousand Red Army prisoners were released from the German concentration camp. In May, 1942, Lieutenant Colonel Derevyanko, was given the extraordinary title of “Major General” (he is 37 years old). And he returns to staff work. During the war, Derevyanko was successively the head of the headquarters of the three armies - 53, 57, 4 ...

He was acquainted with I.D. Chernyakhovsky, his countryman, was born also from under Uman, and G.K. Zhukov. Derevyanko took part in the development of many front-line offensive operations, including Belgorod-Kharkov, Kirovograd, Korsun-Shevchenkovsky, Uman-Botosha, Yassko-Kishinev, Budapest, Vienna, Prague.

General Derevyanko was awarded the orders of commanders - Kutuzov I and II degrees, Bogdan Khmelnitsky I degree, Suvorov II degree.
In August, 1945, on the eve of the war with Japan, he was appointed Chief of Staff of the 35 Army. The train went to Vladivostok. He leafed through the dictionary, recalled the Japanese, who had forgotten in the war years, there was no need for him. However, Derevyanko did not arrive at the location of his army. On the road, 15 August, he received an order to leave the train in Chita, where he would be met. This alarmed: in 1938 – 1939, he was slandered, his “case” was dealt with in more detail, he was removed from work, commissions worked ... Is it possible again?

New stage of life


The decision on the appointment of General Derevyanko as a representative of the Soviet Military High Command in Japan was, to a certain extent, situational, but, of course, not accidental. Looking at the extraordinary twists and turns of Derevianko’s military fate, this becomes obvious. The issue was decided in the Kremlin 12 August 1945 of the year.

From the message of the President of the United States, Mr. Truman, to Generalissimo Stalin: “... I propose that Army General Douglas MacArthur be appointed Supreme Commander, representing the Allied Powers, to accept, coordinate and conduct general surrender of the Japanese armed forces ... I ask you to immediately inform me about your representative so that I can notify General MacArthur. I propose that a direct link be established immediately with General MacArthur regarding each event. ”

From the message of Generalissimo Stalin to the President of the United States, Mr. G. Truman: “I received your message from 12 of August regarding the appointment of Army General Douglas MacArthur as the Supreme Commander ... The Soviet Government agreed with your proposal ... Lieutenant General Derevyanko was appointed representative of the Soviet Military High Command to whom General all necessary instructions. 12 August 1945 of the Year. "

Japan announced the surrender of the allied command 14 August. But the actual order of the surrender of the Kwantung Army (on three Soviet fronts), the emperor Hirohito gave only 17 August. Army General S.M. Shtemenko mentioned in his memoirs that the battles on Sakhalin lasted until 25 – 26 in August, in the Kuril Islands - until 31 in August.

... Derevianko was relieved from his heart when he saw that on the platform of the Chita station he was met by Colonel-General S.P. Ivanov, chief of staff of the High Command of the Soviet Forces in the Far East. Understood: it means everything is fine. The commander-in-chief of the troops was also a well-known to him marshal A.M. Vasilevsky, in whose order he entered and who brought him up to date. He was handed a telegram signed by I.V. Stalin and the Chief of General Staff A.I. Antonov. Derevianko was appointed a representative of the High Command at the headquarters of the Supreme Commander of the Allied armies - Army General Douglas MacArthur.

Began a new phase of his life. Probably the main one.

Unbalanced response


After 11 days, he was presented with a new encryption program (12513 No. from 26 – 27.8.45, double date due to the difference in time zones):

“Lieutenant-General Comrade Derevyanko, you are authorized by the Supreme Command of the Soviet armed forces to sign an act of unconditional surrender to Japan. In this regard, you submit only to the Supreme Command Headquarters ... ".
He was a warrior, a scout, an organizer, a staff officer, he had a strategic mindset — he was initiative and ironclad; studied Japanese and English. It was hardly possible to find a more suitable candidate for the tasks of a military diplomat and intelligence officer in Japan - a representative of the Soviet High Command. But one thing is to be the representative of the command, another is to play on the “Missouri” in general, a ceremonially representative role. Why was it entrusted to him, and not to Marshal Vasilevsky, who carried out military operations to defeat the Kwantung Army, by the way, the large and powerful group of Japanese ground forces?

Indeed, the name of Derevianko was not widely known in the USSR, in the Homeland, unlike the majority of the names of those who signed the Act, presenting their states to the Missouri. Can be compared (such a comparison has not previously been conducted). The act of capitulation of Japan was signed, except for Japanese figures, by representatives of allied states:

- from the USA - admiral fleet Chester Nimitz (1885 - 1966), Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Fleet and Adjacent Territories; his name was so popular in the USA that one of the days on the calendar was officially called “Nimitz Day”;

- from the USSR, Lieutenant-General K.N. Derevianko (1904 –1954), a representative of the Military High Command, whose highest post was head of the army;

- from Great Britain - Admiral Bruce Austin Frazer (1888 - 1981), commander of the British Eastern Fleet;

- from Australia - General Thomas Blamy (1884 - 1950), Commander-in-Chief of the Allied Land Forces;

- From the Republic of China (Government of Chiang Kai-shek), First Class General Xu Yongchang (1887 – 1959), Minister of War, Head of Operations Division of the National Defense Council;

- from Dominion Canada - Colonel Lawrence Cosgrave (1890 - 1971), this is really a technical character - a military attache in Australia, who “became famous” in Missouri by inadvertently putting his signature “for France”, which brought the confusion into a well-designed procedure;

- from the Free (Fighting) France (de Gaulle's government) - General Jean-Philippe Leclerc (1902 - 1947), who commanded French troops during the Allied landings in Normandy;

- from the Netherlands - lieutenant-admiral Emil Helfrich (1886 - 1962), commander-in-chief of the Navy (however, with 1942 without a fleet, which he lost while fighting for his colonies with Japan);

- from New Zealand - Vice Marshal aviation Leonard Isitt (1891 - 1976), Air Force Commander-in-Chief.

He led the procedure and first signed the Supreme Commander of the Allied armies in the Pacific, US Army General Douglas MacArthur (1880 - 1964), probably one of the most famous generals in the entire small history of the United States.

By simple logic, the Act from the USSR could be signed by Marshal A.M. Vasilevsky, staying "in the same weight category" with the persons named. That did not happen. The solution was not symmetrical.
The Soviet command in defeated Japan required not just a military man, a technician, but a military diplomat, the head of the permanent mission, who would later come directly into the office of MacArthur, the head of the occupation regime. Participation in the signing of the Act of the “representative of Stalin,” whoever he was, provided this person with sufficient authority in the future. The choice paid off.

Event context


Here we recall that six months before that, on the last day of the Crimea Conference, February 11, 1945, Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill signed an agreement on the conditions for the USSR to enter the war with Japan: after the defeat of militarist Japan, the Soviet Union restores the rights to southern Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands . The generosity of the Allies was due to the fact that the war with Japan without the participation of the USSR could, according to the calculations of the staff officers, last until the middle of the 1946 year and cost the Americans a million lives. The next major step was taken at the Potsdam Conference (July 17 - August 2 1945 of the year). President Truman reports in his memoirs that the main point of Potsdam was to involve the USSR in the war against Japan. Atomic weapons could frighten the enemy, but did not solve the military problem. In those days, by early August, the US Air Force had destroyed the 48 large and medium-sized cities in Japan with carpet bombing. Some were wiped out. It was an “inviting gesture” for Russia: it’s said that it’s possible to “be late for the train” and then you can’t see Sakhalin or the Kuriles. The USSR entered the war with Japan on the night of 8 on August 9.

In the new time, the myth of atomic weapons has been refuted as the main argument that forced Japan to capitulate.

Japanese Prime Minister Admiral K. Suzuki 9 of August (before the strike on Nagasaki) at a meeting of the Supreme Imperial Council said: "Joining the Soviet Union’s war this morning puts us in a hopeless situation and makes it impossible to continue the war further."
The atomic bombardment, in spite of all its monstrous inhumanity, did not cause any obvious damage to either industry, or armed forces, or strategic food reserves (at that time little was known about radiation). The troops were dispersed throughout Japan, as were industrial facilities (they remained virtually unharmed). Japan could (about this MacArthur speaks directly Derevyanko) quite successfully to fight a few more months. The decisive factor for the surrender was the entry of the Russians into the war.

One aspect of diplomacy. Hokkaido

In addition to the Soviet ambassador to Japan, Yakov Aleksandrovich Malik (1906 - 1980), the outstanding diplomat (by the way, a native of the Kharkov province), or in his absence, Derevianko negotiated with MacArthur on major issues. From the preserved Derevianko archive, we know the details; we know that the Soviet leadership did raise the question for the United States about the Soviet occupation of part of the island of Hokkaido. Hokkaido - the second largest island of Japan, which historically can be regarded as belonging not to the Japanese islands, but to the Kuril Islands: in the 18th century, when the Russians began to actively explore this area of ​​the Pacific Ocean, there was no Japanese administration on the island. Derevianko’s notes shed light on the fact that the Hokkaido issue was removed from the agenda by the Soviet side after all, after some atomic bombing of Nagasaki. They say that the 6 attack of August on Hiroshima is an action of intimidation of the emperor and revenge for the Japanese atrocities shown to prisoners of war, and the attack of August 9 on Nagasaki is the intimidation of the generalissimo. This is not true.

The code from 17.8.45, signed by Stalin and Antonov (11-th day after Hiroshima and 8-th after Nagasaki) - Derevianko's instruction on the territorial requirements of the USSR:

“1. American government proposal:

Manchuria, Sakhalin (southern part) and Korea north of 38 sowing. latitude.

2. The Soviet government accepted the proposal with the proviso that it considers the Liaodong Peninsula with the ports of Dayren and Portartur within Manchuria, and additionally demanded the following areas: The Kuril Islands and the northern half of Hokkaido Island north of the line running from Kushiro town to Rumoë, including both specified cities in the Soviet district.

Insist before the gene. MacArthur on the implementation of this requirement of the Soviet Government.

3. Put in front of the gene. MacArthur, the question of granting the Soviet Union any area of ​​deployment of Soviet troops in Tokyo ... ".

But the Allies, having achieved their own from the USSR, moderated their “generosity”. Derevianko wrote about the Americans: “Wolf's unwritten law: to seek help in difficulties and remove the partner at the end”; “We worked together and the results were separate.”
From the Kremlin, Derevyanko received instructions on the Hokkaido topic. The plans of the Soviet leadership have changed, we had to reckon with the new reality: the USSR was no longer needed. 26.8.45 g. Code:

“1. Do not raise questions about the surrender of (Japanese Armed Forces) to Soviet troops in the northern half of Hokkaido.

2. Do not raise the issue of granting the Soviet Union any area of ​​deployment of Soviet troops in Tokyo.

3. Insist before the gene. MacArthur about the deployment of Soviet troops on all the Kuril Islands (as on their own, agreed to the Crimean Conference) ".

Victory Day over Japan


September 2 1945 of the year, on the day of the signing of the Surrender Act, I.V. Stalin addressed the people: “... Overwhelmed by the sea and land and surrounded on all sides by the armed forces of the United Nations, Japan recognized itself as defeated and laid down arms ... Japan began its aggression against our country back in 1904, during the Russian of the Japanese war ... ... the defeat of the Russian troops in 1904 during the Russo-Japanese war left heavy memories in the minds of the people. It lay on our country a black spot. Our people believed and waited for the day when Japan would be broken and the stain would be eliminated. For forty years we, the people of the old generation, have been waiting for this day ... ”.

General K.N. Derevianko was forty. He will stay in Japan for a few more years. He will have a disease that is believed to be obtained when he visits Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Returning to Moscow, he will head the Information Department of the GRU General Staff of the USSR.

At the Novodevichy cemetery on his grave monument of the date: “14.XI.1904 - 30.XII.1954”, the obituary was signed by all the most famous marshals and generals of the Fatherland. Kuzma Nikolayevich Derevyanko 3 January 1955 was buried, exactly - as someone noted - fifty years and one day after the surrender of Port Arthur.

Everlasting memory.

Dialogues. Parallels


Interesting are the dialogues of Derevianko with MacArthur in 1945 – 1947 years, which relate to reformatting, as we would say now, Japanese consciousness. So interesting that now in Ukraine is the same process. The only difference is in the sign, in that Japan pursued a policy of eradicating the spirit of militarism, and in Ukraine - a policy of planting this spirit. MacArthur reported: “The occupation will last for many years. I think in 25 years we will have changes. ” It is noteworthy that in Ukraine for the same period the reverse action was successfully carried out: the peaceful people who genetically hate the war were able to recode and awaken the "bestial gene" in people. It is also noteworthy that Russophobia was implanted in Japan as well as in Ukraine - at first gradually.

MacArthur confessed that former officers would not be allowed to teach in schools, even to teaching physical education. At that time, they still had an unresolved issue with the teaching of history, but MacArthur assured: the United States will cope with this task.

Projecting the situation in Ukraine, we can say with confidence that the Ukrainian schools are not far off when the “ATO warriors” will teach not only physical education, but also history in schools ...
Attempts by the Soviet mission to obtain permission from the occupation regime for the rental of Japanese films in Japan and the distribution of books by Soviet authors were unsuccessful. For Ukraine, this situation has been calculated for the second year already: dozens of Russian films, artists, and writers are banned.

MacArthur explained that in Japan everything will be put under the control of the USA - education, industry, the media, of course, finances; the aviation industry will be destroyed, shipbuilding - only the merchant fleet will remain, there will be no army. "We are going to do everything to fulfill these tasks ...". “About 3 millions are demobilized and become civilians. We will arrest many of them, but only after they are demobilized and disarmed. It is impossible to do this immediately in the process of surrender, because this could lead to armed clashes. " "In the next 100 years, Japan alone, without assistance, will not be able to arm more than to the level of the 4-5-bit power." “Japan will never rise to the category of military powers. Japan will never get a base back ... ”In Ukrainian reality, this means: all of Ukraine will be cleansed of dissidents and turned into a military base. For many years, the heirs of General MacArthur, specialists in occupation, will command the processes. It is noteworthy that the Japanese also idolized MacArthur, as now svidomye idolize some Biden ...

Today we remember the great epoch and the sidereal time of our great single homeland. On that day, 70 years ago, people with tears, not believing themselves, listened to the radio: “The long-awaited peace for the peoples of the whole world has come. I congratulate you, my dear compatriots and compatriots, with the great Victory, with the successful end of the war, with the onset of peace in the whole world! ”
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http://www.stoletie.ru/territoriya_istorii/avtograf_generala_derevanko_237.htm
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  1. parusnik
    parusnik 12 September 2015 10: 01 New
    +1
    Modern Ukrainians, “activists of historical memory”, as well as Poroshenko in their speech on September 2, 2015, enlist General Derevyanko in their assets..... General Derevyanko was primarily a Soviet general .....
    1. iouris
      iouris 12 September 2015 18: 11 New
      +1
      There is no Ukraine separate from Russia. Speaking differently, it may seem that Ukraine inadvertently liberated Auschwitz, and then accepted the surrender of Japan, and Israeli heroes fought on the side of the Red Army.
  2. yuriy55
    yuriy55 12 September 2015 16: 58 New
    +1
    Most importantly, that:
    On that day, 70 years ago, people with tears, not believing themselves, listened to the radio: “The long-awaited peace has come for the peoples of the whole world.