MIC

Russia on the international torpedo market

Russia occupies one of the first places in the world in the export of arms and military equipment. An important part of defense exports is the construction of ships and submarines for the naval forces of third countries. In addition, customers of Russian ships and submarines acquire the appropriate weapons: missiles, torpedoes, etc. To date, the market for naval armaments, including torpedoes, is quite a difficult situation. The market is already divided by the main players, but some new manufacturers are trying to discourage their share from them. At the same time, Russian enterprises remain at the leading positions.


After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the domestic torpedo industry found itself in a very difficult position. Both ready-made torpedoes and some of their units were produced by factories remaining in the new independent states. For example, the factory "Fizpribory" (now TNK "Dastan") remained in Kyrgyzstan, and the Machine-Building Plant. Kirov came under the jurisdiction of Kazakhstan. All this could lead to the disruption of waste production links with negative consequences for the development and production of weapons. Nevertheless, the defense enterprises of Russia and the CIS countries were forced to put up with the collapse of the common country and get used to the new situation.

Caught in a difficult situation, defense industry enterprises did not cease their activities. Some organizations have focused on creating new projects, resulting in the emergence of a number of promising developments that might be of interest to both domestic and foreign customers. In the nineties and two thousand years, a large number of new torpedoes were developed, including those that were deeply modernizing existing weapons, some of which had reached mass production.

Russia on the international torpedo market
Loading torpedoes 53-65K on a submarine. Photos Flot.sevastopol.info


For example, the St. Petersburg Central Research Institute "Gidropribor" continued to work on previously frozen projects, resulting in the emergence of five new torpedoes. Products TT-1, TE-2, TT-3, TT-4 and TT-5 with thermal (TT) and electric (TE) power plants differed caliber and other dimensions, the weight of the warhead, etc. So, the torpedo TT-4 was small and had a caliber of 324 mm, and the largest product of the family was 650-mm TT-5. However, not all new projects were developed. For example, the compact TT-4 since the end of the last decade is not mentioned in official sources. Instead, the corresponding niche is occupied by the UMGT-ME product.

The Dvigatel plant (St. Petersburg), which now became a division of the Hydropribor in the nineties, independently upgraded the serial torpedoes TEST-71М and SET-65. Due to the use of some new components, it was possible to a certain extent to improve the characteristics of this weapons.

GNPP "Region", now part of the Concern "Tactical Missile Weapons", continued the development of several types of aircraft torpedoes. Thus, on the basis of the APR-2E product, an APR-2МЭ torpedo appeared, capable of operating at shallow depths. Products APR-3E and APR-3МЭ due to some innovations received higher performance in comparison with the "twos".

In 2001, the managers of the companies Region, Dagdizel and Morteplotekhnik Scientific Research Institute decided to launch the joint research work Malyshka. As part of this initiative project, it was planned to develop a new small-sized torpedo, which received an MTT index. In the future, a preliminary draft of the project was developed, which was approved and became the occasion for the start of several new R & D projects. The inclusion of the MTT torpedo in the list of weapons allowed for export was a peculiar point. This event happened at the very beginning of September 2003.

It should be noted that almost all the mentioned projects were a modernization of existing ones. This was due to the peculiarities of the current situation, as well as the specifics of the market. In addition, some existing projects became the basis for several new ones. So, the already mentioned torpedo TE-2 was an export modification of the product USET-80. In addition, it is known that, on the basis of TE-2, the UETT torpedo was later created, which differed from it by certain features of the onboard equipment.

The current decade can be considered positive for the international torpedo weapon market. There has been a gradual increase in the total supply of torpedoes produced in different countries. In addition, new developments in this area regularly appear at international exhibitions. At the same time, Russian enterprises, despite some problems of the past decades, have a good position in the market, confidently leading in terms of the number of weapons supplied.

According to reports, from 2010 to 2014 years, the Russian defense industry manufactured and transferred several types of torpedoes to customers. The second place in terms of supply is occupied by the Italian company WASS, which supplied 250 torpedoes. The volume of production of export torpedoes in the USA did not exceed 60 units. Three dozen torpedoes set by German enterprises.

The order book of Russian enterprises also looks solid. As of the beginning of this year, Russia should have delivered 70 torpedoes to customers. The US portfolio, in turn, has two orders totaling just under a hundred torpedoes. In this case, however, we should expect the delivery of only 48 torpedoes to Turkey. Taiwan’s order for 50 weapons has not been fulfilled for a long time due to the difficult situation in the Asia-Pacific region.

At the beginning of the period under review, an order from Algeria was a good push for Russia to become the first place among torpedo exporters. In accordance with this contract, several Russian enterprises in 2010 donated torpedoes TEST-40МЭ-НК and the same number of 71-53К products to the customer 65.

Also 80 torpedoes were sent to India. The Indian order implied the supply of four dozen torpedoes of two types: UGST and TE-2. Another major customer was Vietnam, which in a few years should receive 160 torpedoes of several types. Until the end of last year, Vietnamese the fleet 45 torpedoes of the TE-2 and 53-65K type were delivered. In addition, the existing contract provides for the supply of 50 3M-54E anti-ship missiles, a little more than half of which were manufactured by the beginning of this year.

At present, a curious situation is observed on the torpedo armament market. Most of the major exporters of torpedoes reduce production due to the lack of large contracts. At the same time, Russia and the United States are increasing production, fulfilling more and more new orders. This situation is likely to persist for the next few years, after which it will begin to change.

Alarming for manufacturers news in recent years come from southeast asia. According to the latest data, China has received several notable orders for the construction of submarines for third countries. It is possible that these submarines will be armed with torpedoes made in China. As a result, a third serious player may appear on the market. Because of this, the position of Russian manufacturers may falter or remain at the same level without noticeable hesitation. The same forecast can be made about US torpedo contracts. Finally, third countries that do not have large contracts can be almost completely extruded from the market.

However, the details of future Chinese contracts, if any, are still unknown. The market leaders are still Russia and the United States, and the further development of the situation may be the subject of serious controversy. Anyway, a solid market share is not a reason to “rest on our laurels." The development of torpedo weapons should be continued in order to maintain or improve market positions.


On the materials of the sites:
http://cast.ru/
http://flot.com/
http://dvigatel.net/
http://tass.ru/
http://arms-expo.ru/
http://sovpl.forum24.ru/
http://bmpd.livejournal.com/
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  1. corporal 7 September 2015 06: 15 New
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    With all due respect to the author hi , nevertheless, if comparative characteristics of torpedoes (ours and foreign ones) were given, then it would be possible to discuss the prospects of promoting products on world markets.
    1. corporal 7 September 2015 06: 47 New
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      I found something like that
    2. Denis_469 7 September 2015 19: 26 New
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      Quote: Corporal
      all the same, if the comparative characteristics of torpedoes (ours and foreign ones) were given, then it would be possible to discuss the prospects of promoting products on world markets.

      And who will tell you now on the Internet? All open sources describing modern weapons in advance should be considered not entirely reliable.
      And the prospects for promotion can be seen even so. And on them, in general, the characteristics of the weapon are also visible. So even according to the promotion data, you can see the quality of the weapon.
      1. gridasov 7 September 2015 19: 41 New
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        But it all remains the same in all respects.
      2. gridasov 7 September 2015 19: 43 New
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        It remains the same not because it is such, but because the general ideology of creating such weapons remains unchanged.
        1. Cat man null 7 September 2015 19: 55 New
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          Quote: gridasov
          But it all remains the same in all respects. It remains the same not because it is such, but because the general ideology of creating such weapons remains unchanged.

          and today tomorrow, not everyone can watch ... Or rather, not only everyone can watch, few can do it

          It seemed to me alone that the phrases were similar, like identical twins? belay
          1. gridasov 7 September 2015 20: 01 New
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            It doesn’t matter what phrases are and how many are repeated. Everyone understands that what remains in the press is what has already been worked out and is not promising. There are many statisticians, everyone wants to show off with what they know. However, the future is determined by the fact that it is necessary to see not only the development paths, but also the specifics of solving problems. Therefore, it is always interesting to hear the opinion of people fantasizing, but thinking about the future, and not living on old achievements.
  2. KBR109 7 September 2015 08: 48 New
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    Without TTX it is completely uninformative - what is the sale of metal. And there’s nothing to discuss.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. gjv
      gjv 7 September 2015 11: 09 New
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      Quote: KBR109
      Without TTX completely uninformative

      TT-1 - Export remote-controlled thermal torpedo. The torpedo was created on the basis of one of the most promising torpedoes for the Russian Navy. Developed by the Central Research Institute "Hydropribor".

      The layout of the torpedo TT-1

      The control and guidance system is a strapdown inertial control system. The remote control of the torpedo is carried out until the target is captured by the homing system (SSN). CCH torpedoes on the wake track provides minimal loss of catch-up speed by aiming inside the wake track of the target. When used with surface ships, telecontrol is not used.
      The engine is a dual-mode thermal axial piston engine powered by a unitary fuel (monofuel) with a jet propulsion device.
      TTX torpedoes:
      Caliber - 533.4 mm
      TT-1 Russia TT-1 NATO
      Length 7200 mm 5895 mm
      Weight 2000 kg 1700 kg
      Weight of explosives 425 kg 425 kg (in TNT equivalent)
      Warranty period of storage on the carrier - 12 months
      Assigned service life - 10 years
      Assigned service life with average repair - 20 years
      Carriers: submarines and surface ships (without remote control).
      Export:
      China - in the period from 1990 to 2002, the Central Research Institute "Gidropribor", under a contract with China, completed the development of the TT-1 torpedo - the work was completed by the delivery of individual compartments of products.
      1. gjv
        gjv 7 September 2015 11: 31 New
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        Quote: KBR109
        Without TTX completely uninformative

        TE-2 - Export universal remote-controlled homing electric torpedo. The Central Research Institute "Gidropribor" was created on the basis of an experimental UETT - a universal electric remote-controlled torpedo of 1987 release, as an export version of the USET-80KM torpedo with a telecontrol system. In the period from 1990 to 2002, the Central Research Institute "Gidropribor", under a contract with China, completed the development of a UETT torpedo, and delivered products and necessary documentation to the customer. According to 2009 data, the development of a torpedo for submarines pr.677 LADA under the name TE-2 was launched in the 1990s. The torpedo TE-2 is designed to destroy submarines, surface ships and stationary marine objects. Serial production of torpedoes is expected at the "Engine" plant (St. Petersburg). Testing (MVI) of TE-2-02 torpedoes was supposed to pass in 2007. It is proposed for export as of 2009 and earlier. In some sources, the torpedo is mistakenly assigned the code "Toy".

        A cut-out model of a UETT torpedo manufactured in 1987. Museum of the Central Research Institute "Gidropribor", 2010 (photo by V. Zamyatin and E. Erokhin, http://www.missiles.ru)


        The TE-2 torpedo in the TE-2-01 version at the exhibition of arms of the naval saloon IMDS-2009 in St. Petersburg (photo - ABL22, http://military.tomsk.ru/forum).

        Modifications
        TE-2 model 01 - designed for 533-mm torpedo tubes with mechanical data input;
        TE-2 model 02 - designed for 533-mm torpedo tubes with electrical data input;
        TE-2 model 03 - has increased speed and homing radius for submarines and low cost, designed for 533-mm torpedo tubes with electrical data input
        The torpedo TE-2 has a cigar-shaped shape divided into 7 main compartments:
        The head compartment is a universal acoustic homing system (active-passive - for firing at submarines and sub-jet - for firing at NK).
        In the combat charging compartment there are non-contact and contact fuses and an explosive charge such as a marine mixture, which ensures effective destruction of the target.
        In the instrument compartment there is a small-sized specialized computer, an electronic unit of a telecontrol system, and elements of an automated control system.
        In the battery compartment - a disposable battery activated by sea water.
        In the power compartment there is an electric dual-mode power-plant (bi-rotational electric motor), a depth setting unit and a course setting unit with mechanical (spindle) data input (for TE-2-01) and a telecontrol torpedo coil (TKTU).
        In the aft compartment with a tail section there are propellers and four feathers with vertical and horizontal rudders for controlling the torpedo in direction and depth on the bearing planes of which a connector for electrical data input is fixed (for TE-2-02).
        Remote control boat coil.
        Weight 2450 (2400 without CTU) kg
        Length 8300 (7900 without CTU) mm
        Diameter 533 mm
        MC warhead, 250 kg
        Speed ​​45 knots (1 mode) 32 knots (2 mode)
        Range 15 km (1 mode) 25 km (2 mode)
        Depth of the submarine when firing 5-350 m
        Homing control with NK Telecontrol with submarine
        1. Vadim237 7 September 2015 11: 44 New
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          A boat at such torpedo ranges will become 100% suicide.
    3. gjv
      gjv 7 September 2015 11: 46 New
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      Quote: KBR109
      Without TTX completely uninformative

      Universal thermal homing torpedo TT-3. Combat mission. Detection, guidance and destruction of all types of submarines (PL) and surface ships (NK) in all areas of the oceans.
      Carriers - submarines and surface ships:
      Russian built;
      foreign construction, taking into account refinement on the terms of placement and use of torpedoes.
      Modes of use: - stand-alone (on the principle of "shot and forgot").
      Design features of torpedoes:
      the presence of a branched embedded system of automated control;
      modular design principle, providing the ability to upgrade torpedoes.
      Composition of combat torpedoes:
      chamber combat charging compartment with a high explosive charge, non-contact and contact fuses;
      mono-fuel dual-mode thermal power plant operating with a turbine engine and water-jet propulsion;
      on-board electronic equipment made in the form of a single analog-to-digital automatic system with a central processor and peripheral devices, including:
      - strapdown inertial navigation control system;
      - adaptive noise-proof efficient active in the deep and shallow seas active-passive homing system for a submarine and a subjet homing system for a surface ship.
      Advantages:
      high speed;
      high reliability;
      the safety of torpedoes on carriers and in coastal conditions;
      submarine safety after firing;
      long service life and low cost of operation;
      torpedoes TT-3 have one of the best indicators by the criterion "efficiency - cost".
      TECH SPECS:
      Caliber mm 533,4
      Length (two modifications) mm 7500, 6300
      Weight (two modifications) kg 2000, 1800
      Explosive mass in fuel cells kg 425
      Assigned service life of 15 years
      Total service life with an average repair of 20 years
      Shelf life on media (in devices) up to 1,5 years
      The TT-3 torpedo was put into practice in the form of an export delivery of its propulsion system under the TPS-53 index.
    4. The comment was deleted.
    5. gjv
      gjv 7 September 2015 13: 44 New
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      Quote: KBR109
      Without TTX completely uninformative

      TT-4 - Small-sized thermal anti-submarine torpedo. Developed by the Central Research Institute "Hydropribor". The torpedo is used by surface ships. submarines, as part of anti-submarine missile systems, as well as aircraft carriers. As of 2010, it is proposed for export by the Marine Underwater Weapons-Hydropribor concern.
      Control and guidance system - acoustic homing system (CCH).
      The engine is a thermal axial piston engine powered by unitary fuel.
      TTX torpedoes:
      Caliber - 324 mm
      Length - about 3200 mm (2700 mm according to other data)
      215 kg weight
      Warhead 34 kg, cumulative
      Electric motor
      Range 3,5 miles (6 km)
      30 nodes speed
      Active-passive sonar guidance system
      Media - Alouette 3, Dauphin, Bell 206, AB 212, Sea King, Wasp, Lynx, Mi-24, Ka-27, Ka-29, Sa-319B, AS-550, ASH-3D, S-2E, EH- 101

    6. The comment was deleted.
    7. gjv
      gjv 7 September 2015 13: 55 New
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      Quote: KBR109
      Without TTX completely uninformative

      TT-5 - Thermal export torpedo. The Central Research Institute "Hydropribor" was developed on the basis of an experimental torpedo of 65 DST. Designed to destroy surface ships and objects near a water cut.

      The control and guidance system is a strapdown inertial control system with a digital computer, a homing system (CCH) along the wake track with minimal loss of catch-up speed.
      The engine is a dual-mode thermal unitary fuel (monofuel). Mover - water cannon.
      TTX torpedoes:
      Caliber - 650 mm
      Length - 11300 mm
      Weight - 4750 kg
      Explosive mass (TNT equivalent) - 765 kg
      Warranty period of storage on the carrier - 3 years
      Warranty period - 10 years
      Warranty period with an average repair of 20 years
      Carriers:
      - submarines;
      - coastal defense complexes
      Range data probably refers to a torpedo 65-76 / A. At the export TT-5 m. slightly less. request
      Range (at speed):
      - 50 km (50 knots);
      - 100 km (30-35 knots);
      Maximum speed - 50 knots;
      Depth of travel - 14 m;
      Depth of start:
      - up to 150 m (according to the results of state tests, 1975);
      - up to 480 m;
      Launch speed - up to 13 knots
      1. Olezhek 7 September 2015 15: 10 New
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        Landmark prices do not give?
        Schaub to understand the issue price and market size.
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. gjv
          gjv 7 September 2015 16: 21 New
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          Quote: Olezhek
          Schaub understand the price of the issue

          I do not have accurate modern data. You can register for free trial registration on tender sites and search. Historical data: in 1, prices for domestic torpedoes “Fizik-2008” were quoted from 49,8 million rubles to 50,6 million rubles; UGST price was indicated within the “bar” of $ 2,8 million per item in the Indian torpedo tender for project 75I submarines. The American Mk48 - an approximate analogue of the UGST - costs about $ 3,8 million.
    8. gjv
      gjv 7 September 2015 15: 59 New
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      Quote: KBR109
      Without TTX completely uninformative

      UMGT-1ME - export modification of the universal small-sized anti-submarine homing torpedo UMGT-1. UMGT-1 was developed at the NPO "Uranus" of the Ministry of Industry of the USSR (Central Research Institute "Gidropribor") under the guidance of chief designer V. A. Levin. Torpedo tests were carried out on the submarine pr.690 BRAVO. Adopted in 1981 as the warhead of the RPK-6 "Waterfall" anti-submarine missile system. Later, modifications of the torpedo were adopted for use in other missiles, as well as for anti-submarine aircraft. The torpedo is designed to destroy submarines in any position, transports and other unarmored ships. The UMGT-1M modification was created by the Central Research Institute "Hydropribor" after 1991.

      IL-38 and UMGT-1 torpedo. Yelizovo airdrome, Kamchatka, Air Fleet Day, 15.08.2010/XNUMX/XNUMX (photo by A.A. Piragis, http://www.fotopetropavlovsk.ru)


      Torpedo UMGT-1ME (Proshkin S., Marinin V. Russian torpedo weapons. // Military parade. No. 3/1997)

      In the head compartment is an active-passive acoustic torpedo homing system.
      In the compartment of the control unit - control devices of the homing system, assembled in an electronic unit.
      In the combat charging compartment there is a non-contact fuse, ignition devices and explosive.
      In the battery compartment - disposable silver-magnesium batteries.
      In the compartment of the electric motor there is an electric power plant.
      In the compartment of the steering drive are mechanisms that control the movement of the torpedo along the course and depth.
      The torpedo mover was a lightly loaded SVK water-jet complex, which consisted of a high-speed impeller, an axial pump, a tapering pad and a straightening apparatus.
      Weight 700 kg
      Length 3580 mm
      Diameter 400 mm
      Warhead 60 kg
      Engine DP-52
      Propellers
      Speed ​​41 knots
      Range 8 km
      Depth 10, 20-550 m
    9. The comment was deleted.
    10. gjv
      gjv 7 September 2015 16: 10 New
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      Quote: KBR109
      Without TTX completely uninformative

      TEST-71 / TEST-71M - Anti-submarine remote-controlled electric homing torpedo. Developed by TsNII-173 (TsNIIAG) and TsNII "Gidropribor" in the course of work on the design and development work "Dolphin-2". The main designers are Z.M. Persits and M.P. Baluev, according to some sources - V.A. Golubkov. The task of the research was to install a remote control system on homing torpedoes SET-65. Tests of the Dolphin-2 complex were carried out in the Baltic and Lake Ladoga. The torpedo and the Dolphin-2 remote control system were put into service under the name TEST-71 and KTU-71 in 1971. Later it was modernized in TEST-71M. The TEST-71ME-NK modification is universal in terms of carriers and goals.

      Torpedo TEST-71 (Proshkin S., Marinin V. Russian torpedo weapons. // Military parade. No. 3/1997)


      Torpedo TEST-71M at the exhibition of the marine salon IMDS-2005, St. Petersburg, 2005 (http://paralay.iboards.ru)

      In the instrument compartment - acoustic active-passive homing system.
      In the combat charging compartment there is a non-contact acoustic fuse, an igniter and an explosive.
      The battery compartment has a silver-zinc battery.
      In the instrument compartment of the telecontrol - control devices, an electronic unit and a torpedo coil.
      In the rear part there is a power plant and mechanisms that control the movement of the torpedo, two propellers and four feathers with vertical and horizontal rudders to control the torpedo in direction and depth.
      At the helm of the tail is a towed coil.
      Weight 1750 kg
      Length 7900 mm
      Diameter 533,4 mm
      Warhead 205 kg
      DC motor
      Speed ​​35 knots and 24 knots
      Range 15 km at 24 knots
      SSN range of 800 m at 35 knots
      Depth up to 400 m
      TEST-71 - removed from service of the Russian Federation / TEST-71M - request
    11. The comment was deleted.
    12. gjv
      gjv 7 September 2015 16: 29 New
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      Quote: KBR109
      Without TTX completely uninformative

      SET-65 - Anti-submarine homing electric torpedo. Decree of the USSR Council of Ministers No. 111-463 on the creation of new anti-submarine weapons was issued on October 13.10.1960, 1965. A torpedo was created at the Gidropribor Central Research Institute to combat new nuclear submarines at great depths. The chief designer is V.A. Golubkov. The torpedo was adopted in 65. The modification of the SET-1972III was adopted in 2. The name of the project "Raccoon" is mentioned in Western sources.

      One of the first samples of the SET-65A torpedo with SSN by I. B. Podrazhansky. Museum of the Central Research Institute "Hydropribor", 2010 (photo by V. Zamyatin and E. Erokhin, http://www.missiles.ru)


      The SET-65 torpedo with Sapphire SSN before loading onto the Alrosa submarine, pr.877V, Sevastopol, 2008 (http://www.alrosa.net)

      Modifications
      SET-65 is the basic version.
      SET-65III - modification of the design bureau of the Engine plant. New active-passive acoustic two-plane homing system developed by Central Research Institute "Hydropribor". Adopted in 1972
      TEST-71 - a remote-controlled version of the torpedo.
      SET-65A is a modification of the Central Research Institute "Gidropribor" with electric input of shooting parameters. Designed for submarines pr.705. Adopted in 1972
      SET-65E - export modification.
      SET-65K / SET-65KE - modification of the design bureau of the Engine plant, 1986. New homing system.
      In 1967 - 1971 On the basis of the SET-65 torpedo, studies were conducted to reduce the hydrodynamic resistance using polymer solutions.
      Weight 1755 kg
      Length 7,8 m
      Diameter 534.4
      Warhead 240kg
      40 nodes speed
      Range up to 15 km
      Depth 20 to 400 m
    13. The comment was deleted.
    14. gjv
      gjv 7 September 2015 16: 38 New
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      Quote: KBR109
      Without TTX completely uninformative

      APR-2 "Hawk" / APR-2M "Hawk-M" / APR-2E "Hawk-E" - Aviation anti-submarine jet torpedo (rocket). It was developed by the cooperation of enterprises headed by the State Research and Production Enterprise "Region" (NIIII, Tomsk NIIEM, Leningrad NIIEM "Poisk", Design Bureau of the Petrovsky Plant, Perm Scientific Research Institute named after Kirov, Moscow Scientific Research Institute "Quantum") based on APR-1. Chief Designer M. Lisichko. Sea tests of the torpedo began in 1969. State tests of the torpedo with the Yastreb-M control system were completed in 1976. In the same year, a torpedo called APR-2 was put into service.


      Aircraft jet torpedo APR-2 "Hawk-M". Yelizovo airdrome, Kamchatka, Air Fleet Day, 15.08.2010/XNUMX/XNUMX (photo by A.A. Piragis, http://www.fotopetropavlovsk.ru)

      Weight 575 kg
      Length 3,7 m
      Diameter 350 mm
      Fugas warhead 80 kg
      Engine Two-stage RDTT
      No screws
      Speed ​​60 knots (115 km / h)
      600 m range
      Depth 600 m
      The probability of hitting a target with a standard error of target designation of 300-500 meters is 0,7-0,85. The warhead is equipped with high-power explosives.
      After splashing, the missile “plans” under water in a spiral with an angle of −17 degrees to a depth of 150 meters, searching for targets in passive mode. The missile homing system is sonar, with a combination of the correlation-phase method for processing sonar information with the method of matched filtering and amplitude selection. If the target is not found, the rocket engine starts and the search for the target continues in the active mode, and the detection and direction finding system works normally when the engine is running.
    15. gjv
      gjv 7 September 2015 16: 54 New
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      Quote: KBR109
      Without TTX completely uninformative

      APR-3 Orel / product 473 / APR-3E Orel-M / APR-3M / APR-3ME Orel-M - Aircraft anti-submarine rocket torpedo. It was developed by the cooperation of enterprises headed by NIIPGM (later renamed the State Scientific-Production Enterprise "Region", now it is part of the Tactical Missile Weapons Corporation) based on and parallel to the APR-2 torpedo. The chief designer is M. Lisichko. Development began in 1969. In the process of development, the project was repeatedly adjusted and eventually went to the State Tests as "Orel-M". The development of the torpedo was completed in 1990. The torpedo APR-3 Orel-M was put into service in 1991 (in 1990, according to other data).


      Chinese Ka-28 helicopter uses APR-3E torpedo (http://cnair.top81.cn)

      Carrier Tu-142M, IL-38, Ka-27, Ka-28, Mi-14
      Caliber 350 mm
      Length 3600-3700 mm
      Weight 500-525 kg
      High-explosive warhead 74-100 kg
      Acoustic fuse non-contact + contact
      Power System High Power Ampoule Battery
      Trajectory - Spiral Search
      Depth 0-800 m
      Travel speed
      mode 1 65 knots
      mode 2 100 knots
      Depth of submarine damage 800 m
      Target speed up to 80 km / h
      The duration of the combat mission 1-2 minutes
      Application height - from low heights or from hanging
      Turbo-jet adjustable engine
      Brake parachute, detaches at the moment of splashdown
      Homing system - multichannel sonar SOP
      Inertial control system with a three-stage gyro sensor
    16. The comment was deleted.
    17. gjv
      gjv 7 September 2015 17: 02 New
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      Quote: KBR109
      Without TTX completely uninformative

      "Baby" / MTT - Small-sized thermal anti-submarine torpedo / torpedo component of the package complex. The development of the torpedo was started in 2001 jointly by the Research Institute "Morteplotekhnika", GNPP "Region" and the factory "Dagdiesel" (Kaspiysk). The lead developer - GNPP "Region", Research Institute "Morteplotekhniki" ensured the creation of an energy-moving torpedo module. The name of the research work on the creation of a torpedo is "Baby". According to official descriptions, a torpedo can be used not only against submarines, but also against surface ships. The torpedo is used by surface ships. submarines, as part of anti-submarine missile systems, as well as aircraft carriers. As of 2010, the torpedo is offered for export.


      The MTT torpedo and its layout: AM - hardware model, BZO - combat charging compartment, OA - adaptation compartment, RO - reservoir compartment, CO - power compartment, XO - tail compartment (http://www.gidropribor.ru)


      Start of the MTT torpedo of the Package-NK complex with the Steregushchy missile system pr.20380

      The Package-NK complex is designed to destroy submarines and torpedoes in the near zone and consists of an automated control system, the Package-A target designation sonar station, launchers and small-sized torpedoes of two types. Thermal small-sized torpedo MTT caliber 324 mm with a two-plane acoustic homing system designed to destroy submarines at depths of up to 600 m, has a range of up to 20 km, speed up to 50 knots (in search mode 30 knots) and an explosive mass of 60 kg. AT anti-torpedo of the same caliber is designed to destroy torpedoes attacking a ship at ranges up to 1400 m and depths up to 800 m.
    18. gjv
      gjv 7 September 2015 17: 15 New
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      Quote: KBR109
      Without TTX completely uninformative

      53-65K / product 243 - Anti-ship torpedo. The torpedo version 53-65 with an oxygen heat engine using serial components and solutions from torpedoes 53-56, 53-57, 53-58, 53-56ВА and 53-61 was developed on the initiative of the Design Bureau of the S.M. Kirov Machine-Building Plant (Alma-Ata) by decision of the director of the plant P.Kh. Rezchik. Without terms of reference, research and development. The chief designer - at the stage of the preliminary design - K.V. Selikhov, later - Ginsburg D.S. (in some sources - Ginzburg), deputy chief designer - E. Barybin An experimental torpedo was shot on Lake Issyk-Kul and on the Black Sea. The copyright certificate for torpedo No. 33583 was issued on April 22, 1966. In 1967, torpedoes were tested with an optical homing system, which turned out to be inoperative. Officially accepted into service in 1969, the first production batch of 100 torpedoes was produced by the plant in 1970 and sent to the fleet. In 1970-1971 during the operation of torpedoes in Vladivostok, due to constructive flaws, a torpedo exploded with victims. Deficiencies were corrected and in 1972, serial production resumed. The torpedo was notable for its simplicity of construction and low cost with acceptable performance characteristics and was massively used in the USSR Navy. In service with the Russian Navy.

      Loading of a torpedo 53-65K on the submarine B-871 "Alrosa" pr.877V KILO (http://alrosa.net)


      Loading torpedoes 53-65КE on a submarine Ave 877EKM KILO Chinese Navy (http://cnair.top81.cn)

      Weight 2070 kg
      Length 7,945 m
      Diameter 533
      Warhead 307,6 kg
      Gas turbine hydrogen peroxide engine
      Speed ​​45-68,5 knots
      Range up to 22 km
      Depth 4-14 m
      Torpedo 53-65K - anti-ship oxygen homing torpedo caliber 533,4 mm. It can be used with both NK and submarines (only the installation of "boat adjustments" on the torpedo body and the replacement of the "ship" plug on the retarder for starting the turbine with a "boat" one are required.
    19. The comment was deleted.
    20. gjv
      gjv 7 September 2015 17: 22 New
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      Quote: KBR109
      Without TTX completely uninformative

      UGST / "Fizik-1" / product 2534 / UGST-M - Universal deep-sea homing torpedo. The development of the torpedo was started on the subject of design and experimental work of the UGST “Physicist” in 1986 at the Research Institute “Morteplotekhnika” (St. Petersburg), the homing system of the torpedo was developed by the GNPP “Region”, an alternative SSN is the Central Research Institute “Hydropribor”. The torpedo is designed to destroy surface ships and submarines (universal). The APD engine developed by the Research Institute "Morteplotekhnika" was tested in 1995. The torpedo was adopted by the Russian Navy in 2002 and, as of 2003, is offered for export. The torpedo was first demonstrated in 2003 at the IMDS-2003 marine showroom in St. Petersburg. By default, UGST torpedoes data for Russian standard torpedo tubes. Serial production of torpedoes UGST as of 2008 was carried out at the factory "Dagdiesel" (Kaspiysk, Dagestan).

      The UGST torpedo at one of the military equipment exhibitions in St. Petersburg (http://www.oborona.ru)

      Caliber, mm: 533,4
      Length, mm: 7200 (6100)
      Weight, kg: 2200 (1800)
      Warhead weight, kg: 300
      Speed, knots: 50 (40)
      Range, km: 50 (40)
      Depth, m: up to 500
      Depth of fire with submarines, m: up to 400
      Axial piston engine. One-component fuel
      Jet propulsion
      SSN response radius, km .: for submarines up to 2,5; NK up to 1,2
      In parentheses are the desired data torpedoes export version.
      With the TPS-53 thermal propulsion system, speed can reach 65 knots, and a maximum range of 60 km.
    21. The comment was deleted.
    22. gjv
      gjv 7 September 2015 17: 37 New
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      Quote: KBR109
      Without TTX completely uninformative

      3M-54E - Caliber-S (anti-ship cruise missiles).
      The main element of the system is a 533 mm torpedo tube. The missile system is capable of hitting designated targets during combat operations in the conditions of strong electronic and fire countermeasures.

      The shipboard universal control system (KUSU) operates in real time and provides target designation from the ship’s BIUS, prelaunch preparation of missiles before launch, during which the onboard missile systems are checked, generates and launches missions and launches missiles. It can receive target designation data from any coastal, ship, aircraft, satellite systems and complexes.
      1. Anti-ship missile 3M-54 (E, CE) equipped with 200 kg of non-detachable warhead and active homing radar ARGS-54 with a range of about 60 km. She conducts a flight, on a marching section, at an altitude of 20 meters above sea level, followed by a decrease to 10 meters on the final flight path.
      Length 8,22 m
      Diameter 533 mm
      Starting weight 2300 kg
      High explosive penetrating warhead 200 kg
      Firing Range 220 km
      Flight speed On the march: M = 0,8; Target: M = 2,9
      INS + RLGSN control system
  3. Alexey RA 7 September 2015 13: 04 New
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    And here is an alternative opinion on the state of torpedo weapons in Russia:
    The main manufacturer of torpedoes in Russia is OJSC Concern Marine Underwater Weapons - Hydropribor. This company during the international naval salon in 2009 ("IMDS-2009") presented to the public its developments, in particular 533 mm. universal remote-controlled electric torpedo TE-2.

    The torpedo can be installed on submarines and ships of various types and, if the customer so desires, is made in three different versions. The first TE-2-01 assumes mechanical, and the second TE-2-02 electrical input data on the detected target. The third variant of the TE-2 torpedoes has smaller weight and size parameters with a length of 6,5 meters and is intended for use on NATO-class submarines, for example, on German submarines of the 209 project.

    The torpedo ТЭ-2-02 was specially developed for armament of the nuclear multi-purpose submarines 971 of the “Bars” class project, which carry rocket-torpedo armament. There is information that a similar submarine under the contract was purchased by the Indian Navy.

    The saddest thing is that such a torpedo already does not meet a number of requirements for such weapons, and is inferior in its technical characteristics to foreign counterparts. All modern torpedoes of western production and even new Chinese-made torpedo weapons have hose telecontrols. On the same domestic torpedoes used towed coil - a rudiment almost 50-year-old. What actually puts our submarines under the shooting of the enemy with much greater effective shooting distances. Not one of the domestic torpedoes presented at the IMDS-2009 exhibition did not have a telecontrol hose reel, all of them being towed. In turn, all modern torpedoes are equipped with a fiber-optic guidance system, which is located on board the submarine, and not on the torpedo, which minimizes interference from false targets.
    1. gjv
      gjv 7 September 2015 13: 30 New
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      Quote: Alexey RA
      The saddest thing is that such a torpedo now does not meet a number of requirements

      The Americans show that their Mk48 reaches a range of 50 km.
      The British also started to upgrade their Spearfish to increase range.
      1. gridasov 7 September 2015 15: 06 New
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        I’ll try to say something more restrained that the most famous high-speed torpedoes that are positioned as uncontrolled can be made controllable both in terms of maneuverability and speed if the chemical principles of motion are replaced by mechanical ones. That is, the physical effect of creating an effect with the help of which a high speed is achieved and the control of hydro-gas-dynamic flows, which provide maneuverability, are achieved precisely by a mechanical method. The creation of such a torpedo can change the entire balance of power in the vast seas. Probably it is not necessary to explain that such a torpedo itself takes itself to the place of a hidden “lying”. And within the battery life, it is passive, but always in standby mode. That is, it is an underwater drone. The intrigue is this. that the screws do not achieve such effects.
        1. Alexey RA 7 September 2015 17: 02 New
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          Quote: gridasov
          The creation of such a torpedo can change the entire balance of power in the vast seas. Probably it is not necessary to explain that such a torpedo itself takes itself to the place of a hidden “lying”. And within the battery life, it is passive, but always in standby mode. That is, it is an underwater drone. The intrigue is this. that the screws do not achieve such effects.

          In short, it turns out self-transporting "captor" or a mixture of SMDM with MTPK-1.
          1. gridasov 7 September 2015 19: 11 New
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            Even a simple analysis speaks of a clearly defined problem that no one is trying to solve. It seems that everyone has the same problem. There is no comprehensive knowledge of the processes in the field of hydrodynamics, and most importantly in the transition from laminar to turbulent and beyond. Obviously, this is the main issue, therefore, responsibility should be on those who deal with these issues. High-speed guided torpedoes, and more precisely with an extended range of guided speeds, do not go beyond the impossible.
      2. goose 7 September 2015 16: 30 New
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        It all depends on the speed. For Americans, the latest generations can smoothly change speed. If 10 knots, then it will float away far. But nobody needs such a regime. It is necessary to measure at maximum speed, or at least at a speed of 30-45 knots. Well, to have one dimension. Then the energy and efficiency of the product will be clear.
        But as I understand it, at speeds under 40-50 knots, they become almost blind.
    2. Denis_469 7 September 2015 20: 23 New
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      Quote: Alexey RA
      And here is an alternative opinion on the state of torpedo weapons in Russia:

      Throw out kaku - bad weapons are not for sale. Clients are not clinical and are able to compare. And don’t read such crap anymore.
  4. Denis_469 7 September 2015 19: 24 New
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    "However, the details of future Chinese contracts, if any, are still unknown."
    - these orders are already there. 2 Chinese Ming-class submarines (numbers not yet known) are already being transferred to the Bangladeshi Navy. But their acceptance is delayed by the fact that the crews of Bangladesh do not have time to take the boats before the end of this year. According to the plan, they were supposed to come there in October-December 2015, but now their arrival has been postponed to 2016.
    The Pakistani Navy has already paid for the construction of 8 submarines for its fleet. And the Thai Navy chose China as a supplier for 3 submarines for its fleet.
    In Bangladesh, China supplies its torpedoes. Their deliveries have not yet been carried out. will be held simultaneously with the supply of boats. The fleets of Pakistan and Thailand have not yet decided on the order of weapons for their boats. But one does not need to think that boats will arrive there unarmed.

    True, for the sake of saying that, initially Bangladesh decided to buy at least 3 Russian submarines of project 636, but after the visit of the delegation of Bangladesh there they realized that they could not operate them, because never had submarines. Therefore, they decided to buy a couple of old submarines in China and use them as training for crew training. According to the data available today, Bangladesh is going to receive at least 2020 project 3 submarines in 636. But the order has not been implemented yet, because waiting for the arrival of their first boats and the beginning of the crew training process. If everything goes fine, then we will be ordering in 2017. If there are problems, then boats are going to order from us in 2018.