Military Review

"Roskosmos" demonstrated at MAKS-2015 elements of a manned transport ship of a new generation

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As part of the 12 International Aviation and Space Salon MAKS-2015, the Russian Space Agency demonstrated the corps of the command compartment of a manned transport vehicle of a new generation. Currently this spacecraft is still under development. In the future, it will have to replace the reliable Soyuz-TMA spacecraft, which today is used to deliver astronauts to the International Space Station. It is worth noting that the elements of a promising manned transport vehicle were shown to the public for the first time.


On the opening day of the air show, which traditionally took place in Zhukovsky near Moscow at the end of August, Russian President Vladimir Putin, Governor of the Moscow Region, was able to familiarize himself with promising developments of the Energia Rocket and Space Corporation (RSC) Energia in the field of automatic space complexes, manned cosmonautics and launch vehicles. Andrei Vorobyov, General Director of Roscosmos State Corporation Igor Komarov and a number of other high-ranking guests of MAKS-2015. Vladimir Solntsev, incumbent president of RSC Energia, told them about the corporation’s successes in implementing key projects of the Federal Space Program, as well as the most promising developments at the moment in the field of domestic manned cosmonautics.

At the RSC Energia stand, a case made of composite materials and an updated design layout of a return vehicle of a manned transport vehicle of a new generation (PTK NP) were demonstrated. Specialists were able to personally get acquainted with the new elements of the interior of the spacecraft, imitation of thermal protection and a number of other changes that were supposed to demonstrate the progress of work on this project. The body of the return vehicle was shown to the public for the first time.

"Roskosmos" demonstrated at MAKS-2015 elements of a manned transport ship of a new generation


In addition, visitors to MAKS-2015 were able to get closer to large-scale models of a telecommunications satellite and an Earth remote sensing spacecraft, as well as a PTK NP docking unit, an onboard complex control unit made from domestic components and a reduced model of the International Space Station (ISS). They were also able to see the famous descent module of the Soyuz-TMA transport manned vehicle, which had returned from space.

Currently, the space rocket corporation "Energy" is conducting creative competition for the best name for the transport manned ship of a new generation, which in the future is planned to be used for flights to the moon. The competition started on August 30 and runs until November 2 2015. Competition results will be announced on 15 January 2016. The winner of the competition will be determined by the results of public voting and the work of the jury. The main prize for the lucky winner will be a trip to the Baikonur cosmodrome in the spring of 2016, with the opportunity to attend the launch of the Soyuz transport manned vehicle. The jury of the competition is chaired by Igor Komarov, who holds the position of general director of the Roscosmos state corporation.

The elements of the manned transport ship, which does not yet have an official name, demonstrated at the exhibition, should in the future be replaced by the Progress cargo ship and the manned Soyuz-TMA. In the near future, the corporation "Energy" is going to carry out tests of capsules. According to the plans of the corporation, the first test flight of a new spacecraft will take place in 2021 year. The launch of a new device using the new Russian Angara rocket is planned to be carried out from the Vostochny cosmodrome, which is currently under construction.



As told reporters RIA News RSC Energia president Vladimir Solntsev, the testing of the world's first carbon-fiber command building for the PTK NP is planned to begin next year. According to him, the uniqueness of the development lies in the fact that spacecraft, on 80% consisting of carbon, in the world at the present time, no one else does. At MAKS-2015, the command compartment was shown for the first time, and in 2016, RSC Energia will begin its life tests. According to Solntsev, due to the wide use of carbon-fiber constructions, the total weight of the new-generation manned transport ship being created was reduced by one ton.

“All carbon fiber used by us is Russian-made. We are preparing this ship for testing and subsequent launches using the new Angara launch vehicle, ”Vladimir Solntsev emphasized. The command building case shown at the air show is a three-layer structure. For the first time for the domestic spacecraft, the inner and outer platings were made of black carbon fiber sheet. Aluminum honeycombs are used as a filler, the frames were made of monolithic carbon fiber. Thanks to these solutions, the weight of the command compartment is only 637 kilograms.

The piloted transport ship of the new generation, which Energia Corporation is working on, is designed to deliver people and cargo to the Moon, as well as to orbital stations located in near-earth orbit. The created spacecraft is reusable, and during its development the newest technologies are used, which sometimes simply have no analogues in the world cosmonautics. In particular, the return unit PTK NP will be made of modern composite materials, a reusable docking unit is also provided. The modern on-board electronic equipment installed on the ship should provide a more effective solution to the problems of approaching and docking the manned transport ship, as well as improve the safety of its crew members during the launch and launch stages of the vehicle to Earth.



The number of crews PTK NP, according to the official site of RSC Energia, will be up to four people. In the autonomous flight mode, the transport ship can be in orbit for up to 30 days, and during the flight as part of the orbital station - up to one year. The total mass of the spacecraft during the flight to the Moon will be 19 tons, while making the flight to the orbital station - 14,4 tons, the mass of the return vehicle - 9 tons. Maximum ship length is 6,1 meters. Rated overload during descent - 3g. The newest heavy rocket “Angara A5B” will be used to launch the PTK NP into orbit.

Information sources:
http://www.energia.ru
http://www.federalspace.ru
http://ria.ru/maks/20150825/1205745097.html
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  1. alex86
    alex86 3 September 2015 07: 53 New
    +2
    I really apologize for my carelessness, but when I walked by, I realized that what is smaller and black is the descent vehicle (as confirmation - the bottom of the hemispherical shape), and the bigger and brighter is the command compartment (or what should I call it? ) With a frontal reading of the text, it is not clear which of them is who. Maybe I was wrong? (Perhaps, since the carbon-fiber housing is not covered with anything - on the other hand, no one claims that the final design is presented - only the housing).
    1. Simple
      Simple 3 September 2015 15: 24 New
      +5
      Quote: alex86
      but when I walked by, I realized so that what is smaller and black is the descent vehicle (as confirmation - the bottom of the hemispherical shape), and that

      “bigger and brighter” - command compartment (or what should I call it?).

      "bigger and brighter" this is the descent vehicle ("smaller and black").
      ONLY together with a docking unit (CA) and proximity equipment (AOS).

      Those. in essence, “smaller and black” and “larger and brighter” are one and the same thing (pay attention to the parachute hatch, or mininator, landing hatch and diameters at the base of the truncated cones. Just black without panels (probably TK or RE)


      After completing the mission in orbit, the SA and AOS remain in orbit (then they probably burn out)


      and the revolving apparatus (“smaller and black”) descends to the ground.
      There is still an engine compartment below, but it undocks, after entering a given orbit.


      Promising manned transport system (PPTS) and manned transport vehicle of a new generation (PTK NP)
      1. alex86
        alex86 3 September 2015 17: 21 New
        +1
        Thank you, because I'm in complete misunderstandings ...
        1. Simple
          Simple 3 September 2015 23: 13 New
          0
          Quote: alex86
          Thank you, because I'm in complete misunderstandings ...

          well no...
          just an abundance of information, it happens hi
  2. Wedmak
    Wedmak 3 September 2015 09: 52 New
    11
    Something straight our muddy with the ships. It certainly pleases that our space technology does not stand still. But somehow everything is messy, I do not quite understand. New Angara launcher, modular. Clearly understood. New transport ship. Clearly understood.
    But then details about some other new carrier, some new reusable manned spacecraft, some thoughts about a lunar manned spacecraft with a mass of 19 tons (from where so much? Will it be assembled in orbit?) Come up suddenly. to a nuclear engine, they experienced some kind of hydro-plasma-dynamic engine in orbit - again silence, our satellite changes its path in orbit as it wants - no comments. There was information that Baikonur will nevertheless be used for commercial launches, and Vostochny what will it be used for? For your launches? Curious ... and then there are tests of new equipment for ICBMs ...
    In my opinion, there is some sort of semi-classified fuss with spacecraft, carriers, manned ships and engines to them. The tests are in full swing, something is leaking. I hope that this is for the best, a breakthrough in some area, and not just shuffling the budget of Roscosmos.
  3. Bayonet
    Bayonet 3 September 2015 10: 39 New
    +3
    According to the plans of the corporation, the first test flight of the new spacecraft should take place in 2021.
    Well, of course, after 2020 everything will be! smile It just can not be! hi
  4. leks
    leks 3 September 2015 11: 12 New
    +8
    Let's hope that they meet the deadlines.
    I myself doubt these terms very much, since in recent years I have only heard that they are cutting all promising developments, for example, abandoning RUS-M and also rejecting a rocket engine with a nuclear
    the reactor.

    As for space exploration i.e. it’s not clear what’s going on in our solar system, you rejoice only for NASA-USA ESA-EU over the past 15 years, only good news from them.

    I will assume that ours will continue to cut space programs and also postpone the launch of certain programs, as our budget is becoming scarce and the government will reduce spending.
    And here is what Rogozin said in an interiorview.
    Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, who oversees the military-industrial complex and space, expressed doubt about the need for Russia to fly to the moon and Mars. “We are told by some experts, including those from Roscosmos - they flew to the moon, let's explore it. I used to like this idea myself. But now we need to calculate how much it will cost money. What are our real goals on the moon, what minerals are there - we must assume that we have a little money now, and we are in a hostile environment, ”he said on the Vesti-24 channel.

    “Once again I say: let's count. NASA is interested in Mars. Although I doubt it - well, they will fly there, prove that their astronauts can land on Mars. So what's next? And what specific tasks we can solve on Mars - we must think, ”said the Deputy Prime Minister.
  5. killganoff
    killganoff 3 September 2015 11: 13 New
    0
    The prototype has long been tested. Also, against the background of exhaustion of hydrocarbons in the Russian Federation, the prospect of deep modernization for horse drawn power is envisaged.
    1. serg 21
      serg 21 3 September 2015 23: 26 New
      +2
      Well, with the "pepelats", everything is clear, built. And what about the gravitsappa?
      1. RiverVV
        RiverVV 12 September 2015 18: 53 New
        0
        They will take it from the military for a while.
  6. Manul
    Manul 3 September 2015 11: 21 New
    +1
    And the pictures correspond to the main topic of the article (otherwise I don’t understand - where and what is there manned)? Maybe they relate to this small paragraph?
    In addition, visitors to MAKS-2015 were able to get closer to large-scale models of a telecommunications satellite and an Earth remote sensing spacecraft, as well as a PTK NP docking unit, an onboard complex control unit made from domestic components and a reduced model of the International Space Station (ISS). They were also able to see the famous descent module of the Soyuz-TMA transport manned vehicle, which had returned from space.

    And I wonder how much the manufacturing work costs.
    and a reduced model of the International Space Station (ISS)
    Whose money is built on? On state? And the most important question - on .ra? Posters or 3D models on the screen can not do?
  7. Victorio
    Victorio 3 September 2015 12: 21 New
    0
    about the special materials and coatings of the descent vehicles, and is it possible to enter the atmosphere at such a speed that would preclude such heating of the housing? because braking in space, before entering the atmosphere, can be carried out without much difficulty?
    1. prosto_rgb
      prosto_rgb 3 September 2015 18: 34 New
      0
      Quote: Victorio
      and is it possible to enter the atmosphere at such a speed that would preclude such heating of the body

      Theoretically - Yes, practically - too expensive.
      You just need to put the brake engine in the direction of travel, well, and the canister with fuel to it. Yes, only all this "economy" eats kilograms of payload, turning them "useless."
      It is most beneficial to make thermal protection + a parachute in the final section of the flight path.
    2. Filxnumx
      Filxnumx 3 September 2015 19: 12 New
      +2
      The heating of the lining of the descent vehicle depends on the angle of entry into the Earth’s atmosphere, which, to a first approximation, depends on the magnitude of the braking impulse (i.e. how much you need to brake to enter the atmosphere). Slow down a little, the entry angle will be small and the lander will go "pancake" and bounce off the dense layers like a flat pebble from the water. And if you give a large impulse to braking, the speed of the descent vehicle will decrease so much that it enters the atmosphere at a large angle and can burn up fucking, no thermal protection will save, because the larger the angle of entry into the atmosphere, the higher the thermal load and the lower the descent time and vice versa. The law of conservation and transformation of energy has not yet been canceled.
      1. Locksmith
        Locksmith 3 September 2015 21: 59 New
        +1
        Quote: Fil743
        And if you give a large momentum of braking, the speed of the descent vehicle will decrease so much that it enters the atmosphere at a large angle and can burn up fuck, no thermal protection will save

        It will not burn out — but inside of overloads few mammals can survive — this trajectory is called ballistic, so missile warheads “overload” under 20G
  8. Aljavad
    Aljavad 3 September 2015 19: 15 New
    0
    Quote: Just
    Promising manned transport system (PPTS) and manned transport vehicle of a new generation (PTK NP)


    As I understand it, one (PTK NP) is part of the other (PPTS).

    Or is it all the same different projects?

    They said about PPTS - "six-seat". And PTK NP - only "4".
  9. Filxnumx
    Filxnumx 3 September 2015 19: 46 New
    +1
    Damn, you have to go to the big screen and read all the comments. Here prosto_rgb really simply and clearly explained everything. In order not to bother with thermal protection and in general with thermal loads, you need to go down constantly using the jet thrust of the brake engines. This method is called: "controlled descent on the thrust" (on the jet). But rocket engines consume fuel in hundreds of kilograms per second, and the descent can take several minutes (depending on the degree of compensation of the weight of the descent vehicle by jet propulsion). And with such a weight of the lander, how much will the entire launch vehicle weigh? Therefore, one had to choose a ballistic version of the descent and carefully calculated the angle of entry, i.e., the value of the braking impulse and the shape of the apparatus to create optimal thermal and dynamic (overload) loads for both equipment and humans.
  10. serverny
    serverny 3 September 2015 20: 08 New
    +2
    Quote: leks
    as well as the rejection of a rocket engine with a nuclear reactor.

    They did not abandon the idea in principle, but decided that there was no need for it in the moon tug due to a combination of economic and technical reasons.
    The same press release mentions that no one is going to fly to Mars without a nuclear engine.
  11. Old26
    Old26 3 September 2015 22: 15 New
    +2
    Quote: Aljavad
    They said about PPTS - "six-seat". And PTK NP - only "4".

    It all depends on the mission. In orbit (to the station), with an autonomous flight of 5 days - a crew of 6 people. With autonomous flight to orbit (30 days) - a crew of 4 people (as with a flight to the moon)
    1. Aljavad
      Aljavad 4 September 2015 01: 04 New
      0
      Quote: Aljavad
      They said about PPTS - "six-seat". And PTK NP - only "4".
      It all depends on the mission. In orbit (to the station), with an autonomous flight of 5 days - a crew of 6 people. With autonomous flight to orbit (30 days) - a crew of 4 people (as with a flight to the moon)


      Thank. Just in the article "six-seater" and did not flicker. And the abbreviations are different. Rather, it would be January 15th. There will be a name - you will not confuse.
  12. Izotovp
    Izotovp 4 September 2015 01: 24 New
    0
    Great news !! I hope the modernization potential in them is in store. In the future, life-saving capsules should be made on the basis of such modules. An interesting technique has gone!
  13. Sting
    Sting 11 September 2015 07: 43 New
    -1
    These models mock up, loot, transporting from place to place, but to no avail. They say that on the "Hangar" will fly. To begin with, it would be nice to teach the Angara to fly itself, and only then move on to the manned topic. As usual, all words and words, and deeds are already 15 years old.
  14. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 13 September 2015 21: 41 New
    0
    I agree, they have long been told. I propose installing it on a rocket, selling tickets to millionaires, inviting Americans, the British, Poles and starting. And ours will meet them at the ISS, well, or they will not meet, they will remember.
  15. Old26
    Old26 14 September 2015 00: 39 New
    -1
    Quote: Izotovp
    Great news !! I hope the modernization potential in them is in store. In the future, life-saving capsules should be made on the basis of such modules. An interesting technique has gone!

    HZ, what is their modernization potential. Over the past 7-8 years, only this project has been revised several times.

    And as for the rescue capsules for the ISS - here I'm afraid we have already been 5-7 years late. In 2016-2017, several American new ships will go to the ISS. We with mine, whose first manned launch is scheduled by EMNIP for 2024, are hopelessly behind