Military Review

Samurai option

23



In a recent note about Caproni Campini, I wrote that planes with the same powerplants as his own had never been built anywhere else. However, I was corrected, recalling that there was another motor-compressor jet aircraft, made and tested in Japan at the end of World War II.
I admit my mistake, but it should be noted that this product can only be called a stretch by plane, since in essence it is a guided cruise missile, in which the role of autopilot and guidance system was played by a suicide bomber. This is one of the modifications of the Yokosuka MXY7 “Oka” projectile intended for the destruction of American warships. The first-generation HMADs (Type 11) were equipped with liquid-propellant rocket engines, and the second one (Type 22) decided to install a Tsu-11 motor-compressor powerplant consisting of a piston engine, a centrifugal compressor and a combustion chamber.

It was assumed that this will significantly increase the flight range of the RCC, due to some decrease in speed. As a result, carrier aircraft could launch missiles without entering the American air defense zone fleetwhere they were quite vulnerable to interceptors.
However, it was not possible to find out how real the range had grown, since the very first test flight of the Oka-22 ended in a catastrophe: immediately after uncoupling from the carrier, the prototype fell into a corkscrew and crashed. Nevertheless, the Japanese laid a series of 50 machines, intending to resume testing and bring the unit to combat use. However, the end of the war put an end to these plans.
At least one of the prototypes in good condition went to the Americans and is now on display at the Washington Aerospace Museum.



The plane captured by the Americans at an aircraft factory in Yokosuka.



The same car in the museum.



Raccapped power plant. The piston engine is visible on the right, followed by the compressor intake, then the aluminum housing of the compressor and the combustion chamber welded from heat-resistant steel to which the fuel supply pipe and the ignition system cable are connected.



A relatively simple and cheap four-cylinder air-cooled Hitachi "Hatsukaze" X-11 hp 110 four-cylinder air-cooled engine installed in an inverted position was used to drive the compressor.



On the left is the “disposable aircraft” cabin, equipped with the necessary minimum of instruments and controls. On the right - the sight and eye for the suspension to the carrier - Mitsubishi bomber G4M2e.
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  1. Bayonet
    Bayonet 5 September 2015 07: 42 New
    +7
    The first combat use of the Oka occurred during the battles for Okinawa. On the morning of March 21, 1945, a Japanese reconnaissance aircraft discovered 3 American aircraft carriers south of Kyushu. The Japanese command decided to use new weapons. For the attack, 16 bombers were armed with Oka-shells, and 2 with conventional bombs. Bombers covered 30 fighters. On the approach to the target at 14 p.m., this air group was attacked by 50 Halcat fighter carrier-based fighters. All Japanese bombers were shot down before they could launch shells. 15 cover fighters were also shot down. So the first attack ended unsuccessfully.
    The next time, Oka shells were used during the battles for Okinawa. On April 1, 1945, 3 bombers with suspended Oka shells and 3 Zero fighters flew from Kanoi base. The Japanese managed to damage the American battleship West Virginia and the Alpine transport. After the battle, only 1 Japanese bomber survived.
    On April 12, 1945, 9 carrier aircraft with Oka shells, 80 kamikaze aircraft, and 100 cover fighters attacked American ships. After the operation was completed, the Japanese announced the sinking of three battleships, but after the war it turned out that only the destroyer Mannert L. Abal was sunk by Model 11 shells and the Stanley destroyer was damaged.
    On April 14, another attack was launched on seven Oka shells. As a result, the American destroyer Siglesby was damaged, however, it could be damaged by another kamikaze aircraft.
    On April 16, 6 shells of the Oka launched another attack, as a result of which the Japanese announced the sinking of one battleship. In subsequent attacks on April 28, May 4, May 11, and June 22, 4, 7, 4, and 6 Oka shells were used, respectively. According to Japanese data, US losses were aircraft carrier, battleship and cruiser. In fact, these ships did not die.
    1. Rus2012
      Rus2012 5 September 2015 10: 40 New
      +10
      Quote: Bayonet
      First Combat Application


      For the author’s information, there was also a Soviet I-250 piston-jet aircraft designed by Mikoyan-Gurevich with a WRDK (Motocompressor aircraft-jet engine).
      http://www.airwar.ru/enc/fighter/mig13.html
      And there were also constructions when jet nozzles were placed on the piston aircraft, where the thrust from the exhaust gases of the piston ICE was created ...

  2. cth; fyn
    cth; fyn 5 September 2015 08: 55 New
    +7
    I watched a film about kamikaze pilots, the atmosphere was still in their barracks, like on death row, and the film was Japanese.
    1. 0255
      0255 5 September 2015 09: 35 New
      0
      What's the movie's name?
      1. cth; fyn
        cth; fyn 5 September 2015 10: 32 New
        0
        And FIG knows, I didn’t look from the beginning, google it, maybe I can find it.
        1. cth; fyn
          cth; fyn 5 September 2015 10: 57 New
          +1
          For those whom we love, the film is based on the memories of a Japanese woman who was nicknamed Kamiadze's mother
          1. Mister X
            Mister X 5 September 2015 13: 46 New
            +5
            Quote: cth; fyn
            What's the movie's name?

            Maybe you're talking about the movie "For those we love"
            Another name is "I'm going to die for you."
            In English hire is used the name "Kamikaze".
            Filmed in 2007.

  3. Sergey Vladimirovich
    Sergey Vladimirovich 5 September 2015 08: 58 New
    +3
    Of course, someone else’s soul - the darkness! The most valuable that is - human resources, squandered right and left. And the logic in this is not visible (to me, at least). Not very large, an island nation with a relatively small population has actually created a suicide cult. Raised it at the forefront! The purpose of life is to die for the emperor! By itself, it’s somehow illogical, not death, as the biological ending of life, but life for the sake of death ... Bullshit.
    1. Nikolay K
      Nikolay K 5 September 2015 10: 29 New
      +3
      Why nonsense? And how did our warriors cover the embrasure with their breasts, throw duties with grenades under the tanks and go into the air ram? It is one person's sacrifice for the survival of other members of society. This is very characteristic of many species, not just humans.
      1. cth; fyn
        cth; fyn 5 September 2015 10: 44 New
        +8
        Our death for the emperor is not an end in itself, our main task is to complete the task, can you complete and leave? excellent, can’t leave? then let the enemies tremble, because you have to fight while you have the strength and even when they are not there and even when they have long been over. That is why when the Japanese had already sacrificed his life, Ivan still fights and fights, continuing to destroy the enemy.
        1. Egevich
          Egevich 5 September 2015 15: 41 New
          +2
          Quote: cth; fyn
          Our death for the emperor is not an end in itself, our main task is to complete the task, can you complete and leave? excellent, can’t leave? then let the enemies tremble, because you have to fight while you have the strength and even when they are not there and even when they have long been over. That is why when the Japanese had already sacrificed his life, Ivan still fights and fights, continuing to destroy the enemy.

          death for the emperor is not an end in itself, let me remind you - emperor = Homeland, and death for the motherland is the highest embodiment of military valor and the spirit of a fighter, just like in Orthodoxy, however ... death is not an end in itself, but only a way to inflict maximum damage to the enemy. ..
    2. marlin1203
      marlin1203 5 September 2015 13: 30 New
      +2
      You reason from a position of Christian values, and this is fundamentally not true for Japan. They are primarily Shinto, Taoist and Buddhist. DEATH IN THEIR PHILOSOPHY HAS ANOTHER SIGNIFICANCE. And as for the population, you are in vain, now for example it is equal to ours.
    3. Bayonet
      Bayonet 5 September 2015 13: 53 New
      +2
      Quote: Sergey Vladimirovich
      Not very large, an island nation with a relatively small population has actually created a suicide cult.

      But we have a very large state, but nevertheless sang -
      "Feel free to go to battle
      For the power of the Soviets
      AND AS ONE DIE
      Fight for it! "
      hi
      1. lelikas
        lelikas 5 September 2015 16: 43 New
        +3
        Quote: Bayonet
        But we have a very large state, but nevertheless sang -

        And its original version -
        Feel free to go to battle
        For Holy Russia
        And, as one, we spill
        Young blood!
        1. Bayonet
          Bayonet 5 September 2015 17: 30 New
          0
          Quote: lelikas
          And its original version -

          That's right - a remake of a popular song from the First World War. hi
    4. Egevich
      Egevich 5 September 2015 15: 37 New
      +2
      Quote: Sergey Vladimirovich
      Of course, someone else’s soul - the darkness! The most valuable that is - human resources, squandered right and left. And the logic in this is not visible (to me, at least). Not very large, an island nation with a relatively small population has actually created a suicide cult. Raised it at the forefront! The purpose of life is to die for the emperor! By itself, it’s somehow illogical, not death, as the biological ending of life, but life for the sake of death ... Bullshit.

      it’s not a suicide cult, but the willingness to die for their homeland ... for the emperor, this is the homeland, its highest personification ... I recall that the Japanese religion is Shinto, that is, the worship of the ancestors ... so I see no contradiction .. .
  4. Cap.Morgan
    Cap.Morgan 5 September 2015 12: 16 New
    +5
    Bushido is a medieval knight’s code, it’s just that Japan was just recently a medieval state. Samurai are the same knights devoted to their lord. But do not assume that Japanese spirituality is something high. Very cruel attitude to prisoners and in general to other nations. There, until recently, an old man had to die so as not to strain his family and not be a burden. Such morals reigned when Pushkin worked in Russia and the first steam locomotive was already running.
    1. Kvazar
      Kvazar 7 September 2015 14: 16 New
      0
      Well, their cruelty from the fact that they do not consider people to be anyone. Especially white macaques (nothing to say about blacks). For them, to kill a macaque (and even terrible as death) is how you put a pig on a barbecue ...
  5. code54
    code54 5 September 2015 15: 17 New
    0
    Tell me, have I heard that families and the entire clan (subsequently) of kamikazes were provided (or were brought to) with a state special pension? Is it true?
    1. Saburo
      Saburo 5 September 2015 16: 09 New
      +1
      No, this has never happened, even during the war. To have in the family of someone who died for the Emperor is the highest honor. There were always several times more volunteers in kamikaze than airplanes.
  6. code54
    code54 5 September 2015 15: 18 New
    0
    Tell me, have I heard that families and the entire clan (subsequently) of kamikazes were provided (or were brought to) with a state special pension? Is it true?
  7. S_Baykala
    S_Baykala 5 September 2015 20: 38 New
    0
    Quote: Sergey Vladimirovich
    Of course, someone else’s soul - the darkness! The most valuable that is - human resources, squandered right and left. And the logic in this is not visible (to me, at least). Not very large, an island nation with a relatively small population has actually created a suicide cult. Raised it at the forefront! The purpose of life is to die for the emperor! By itself, it’s somehow illogical, not death, as the biological ending of life, but life for the sake of death ... Bullshit.



    You yourself answered your statement: someone else's soul - darkness. Judge not lest ye be judged.
    Not very large, an island nation with a relatively small population has actually created a suicide cult.

    Not suicide, but self-sacrifice, in the name of their people, in the person of the emperor, in fact, everything there is much more complicated, but their philosophy (and religion) is different from ours.
    They told you absolutely correctly:

    Quote: Nikolai K
    Why nonsense? And how did our warriors cover the embrasure with their breasts, throw duties with grenades under the tanks and go into the air ram? It is one person's sacrifice for the survival of other members of society. This is very characteristic of many species, not just humans.
  8. askoldson
    askoldson 7 September 2015 17: 53 New
    0
    roughly: by area (372 thousand square kilometers) as two Belarusians (207 thousand square kilometers) or half of Ukraine (603 thousand square kilometers), by population 127 million Belarus - 9,6 million, Ukraine - 44 million here is the sparsely populated archipelago.
    with such overpopulation, and even the cult of the samurai ... tikitakbeslopot to collect komakazazA you can at least how much.
    on the buttons of the kamikaz, the sakura flower is a symbol of the samurai tradition. the sakura flower does not fade, that is, it does not grow old, but falls off (dies) young. the Japanese still watch sakura fall, a whole cult and celebration, families go.
    here you have the Buddhists.
    even before the middle of the 16th century, they cut each other with katanas and naginatas, only the fur coat was wrapped, if not for isolation, and we would have heard the katanas ringing on their foreheads.
    we have Ivan the Terrible and the conquest of Siberia, in Europe the late revival, reformation, the era of the geographic discoveries of all kinds of america, africa, and there are no-fruity ashigaru with bamboo spears to support the samurai cavalry ... something like that. and you say: "breast on the embrasure, like sailors ..." open your eyes. the most featous tsimes is the rape of a woman in front of her husband's eyes, holding a sword at his throat, and die in the color of years, like falling from a sakura flower.
    sacrifice ..., sacrifice ..., barbarians, beauty who did not know everything.