All wars in the world are fought for money. Yet, of course, there are religious or ethnic, however, in the end, they also turn out to be for money. More precisely, for the sake of control over economic income. Talking about democracy, world human rights and other universal human values are only attempts to give this process the appearance of civilization. It was very democratic - to destroy the Libyan state, and now to lament about the difficult fate of the unfortunate illegal immigrants who were rushing from there to Europe. German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier admitted that military operations in Iraq and Libya were a mistake. However, he did not say anything about the real causes of these operations. Let's try to do it instead.
When it comes to the claims of any country to world domination, it usually appears a picture of the US public holidays. Everywhere there are stars and stripes and beautifully marching columns of police and military dressed in full uniform. Everything should be "like in America." But few people think - why? Although the answer lies in any statistical reference for global investments.
It is generally accepted that every country needs foreign investment, and when it comes it is good. At the same time, it is forgotten that money is not brought in as a gift, but with the purpose of receiving subsequent income. After its alleged victory in the Cold War over 15 years (1993 − 2007), the total American accumulated direct investment in the economies of the world reached 4,6 trillion dollars. It is 19,1% of the total amount of all foreign investments on the planet. The second place is occupied by the UK (12%), the third - by France (8%). The geography of US investment covers 190 countries, including the UK ($ 426,4 billion), the Netherlands ($ 412,1 billion), Canada ($ 250,6 billion), Luxembourg ($ 144,2 billion), Germany ($ 100,6 billion), Australia ($ 106,4 billion ).
The EU accounts for 46,7% of all US investments, for Asia and the Middle East - 26,5%. What kind of income this money brings - no one can say for sure, but it is clearly higher than the rate on an ordinary bank deposit. The largest US investment funds in their reports show the average yield at the level of 23 − 28% per annum. Thus, the position of the world political and economic leader annually brings the United States net income of at least $ 1,28 trillion. This is about half of Russia's GDP for 2013 a year.
Not surprisingly, America is trying to maintain its current position at almost any cost. And it is not Russia or Islamic radicals who are threatening it. Looking at the super profits from cheap labor in Southeast Asia, the United States made two strategic mistakes that actually predetermined the outbreak of this war. The first was to transfer production to China. In fact, not only in it: American factories originated in Taiwan, Malaysia and Singapore, but the largest number of them were built all the same in China. The second mistake was to reduce the volume of industry within the United States and transfer its economy to a post-industrial model, when only consumption and services become the basis of GDP.
It seemed that these successful decisions increased the amount of profit generated for the USA. In general, the way it was, only the amount of money increased not only in America. Today, the total money supply of the planet is $ 71,5 trillion, of which $ 70,4 trillion belongs to the economies of the largest countries 50. Including: China - $ 22 trillion, USA - about $ 12 trillion, Germany - $ 2,8 trillion, United Kingdom - $ 2,4 trillion, France - $ 1,9 trillion, Italy - $ 1,4 trillion, Russia - $ 1,1 trillion China actually has as much money as the United States and the European Union put together (a total of $ 0,58 trillion), although six years ago he had two times less.
Since the beginning of the 90-s, the Western world and, above all, the United States, under the slogan of the advantages of globalization, have interspersed the inter-state financial borders and created a single financial space. This they needed to facilitate the infusion of their money in the weak economy and simplify the derivation of their profits from them. But today it turned out that 31,25% of all money in the world is Chinese, and the American share barely exceeds 17%. And it also falls, while the Chinese - is growing. And growing rapidly, despite the slowdown in their economies. Only now, even slowing down, even if by the end of the year the increase turns out to be a little less than the declared 7%, it would still mean an increase of $ 1,23 trillion, which roughly corresponds to the creation of another economy the size of South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Iran Australia
No, American GDP, as it were, is also growing, only mainly on paper, through various frauds, including the incitement of war in different regions of the planet. And even in this case, the increase turns out to be several times smaller than the Chinese. Appearing on the foreign investment market quite recently, about six years ago, the Red Dragon has already invested about $ 113 billion in overseas projects. On the one hand, this is comparable to the amount that the US placed only in Germany, but the difference in the use of this money affects it . Americans prefer to buy stocks and make money on speculation, while the Chinese are investing primarily in the real sector, that is, they are building factories, roads, and ports. In Nicaragua, they began to construct a canal between the oceans. Because the real value of Chinese investment is much higher than the nominal value in money. At the moment, the Chinese economic influence in the Asia-Pacific Region and Africa is already comparable to the American one, and in some places surpasses it.
Moreover, if the United States is now most interested in returning its money to the domestic economy in order to maintain at least statistical growth in stock market indicators, then China faces a diametrically opposite task. Its economy is literally overflowing with money, requiring increased investment. Geographically, China, of course, is large and in five years it has managed to triple the capacity of the domestic market, but the industry it has created during this time is still significant, at least by one third, if not more, exceeding domestic demand.
According to the statement of the People’s Bank of China, over the coming 5 years, the Red Dragon intends to increase the size of its foreign investments to $ 500 billion. And the modernization and subsequent lease of Greek ports, estimated at $ 20-22 billion, can be brought to China at least $ 80 − 90 billion in profits over 20 years. And this is not the limit of Beijing’s investment opportunities. Judging by the degree of overheating demonstrated just before the Chinese stock exchanges, not really straining, China can increase the scale of its investments five times and reach the level of $ 3,5 trillion, which will bring it closer to the current position of the leader - the United States.
Washington has only three trumps against this threat. Firstly, by any means to destabilize the situation everywhere in the world where the Chinese could direct their investments. Therefore the Middle East is ablaze. Therefore, the zone of armed conflict in North and Central Africa is expanding. Therefore, the American army, which positions itself as the strongest in the world, is still not able to assemble and liquidate the militants of the Islamic state. Therefore, the United States indulges in the threat of the disintegration of Turkey and speak of the need for dividing Iraq. Anything to keep China from laying down its New Silk Road to Europe.
Secondly, to destabilize, ideally, to plunge into a civil war and bring Russia to the political and territorial collapse. The Chinese economy is certainly powerful, but it has an Achilles heel - a shortage of resources. First of all, many types of raw materials and energy carriers. In Russia, all this is in sufficient quantities. Moreover, the United States is equally considered the enemy, both in Beijing and in Moscow. For the sake of preventing Russian-Chinese rapprochement, Ukraine was thrown into the war furnace.
Third, over the next couple of years, Washington needs to end the economic conquest of Europe. Then $ 17 trillion of its own GDP plus $ 16 trillion of EU GDP will again raise America’s total economic volume to the height with which the Chinese can be confronted with chances of success. It is to achieve this goal that the United States so diligently part Europeans to sign a free transatlantic trade agreement.
On whom in this battle of titans to put, each country decides for itself, and this decision is not yet obvious. The European Union, for example, believes that it will be able to implement its own independent strategy. At the moment, the heavyweights only exchanged blows. The United States, by the hands of the IMF, refused Beijing to include the yuan in the special drawing rights basket - a special international payment instrument used by the IMF. At the moment, it is formed on 41,9% from the US dollar, on 37,4% - from the euro, on 9,4% - from the Japanese yen and on 11,3% - from the British pound. Officially said that the next revision of its composition will take place in 2016 year.
In turn, China devalued its currency and squeezed its stock market by 7%, which simultaneously reduced the scale of the financial bubble formed there, and at the same time evaporated more than a trillion dollars from the American economy, which led to a drop in all American key stock indices . And as quickly as they arose, the problems on the Chinese stock exchanges disappeared. That is, the People’s Bank of China showed that it controls the situation very well, and what happened there was hardly an accident. If necessary, this joke, he is quite able to repeat for an encore on the "requests of listeners."
Accordingly, all this hype with the war in Ukraine, Western anti-Russian point and response Russian food sanctions is nothing more than a great geopolitical show to hide the true object of attack from the United States. Of course, such games are never conducted for the sake of achieving only one goal. Solving related problems are also important. For example, in payment for possible sanctions losses to Europe, Ukraine was allegedly given to plunder (obvious distribution from the United States, since Russia will never give Ukraine back, but who is Europe's doctor?). Almost according to the "Greek" scenario.
Of course, new bases on Ukrainian territory would not be superfluous for NATO. And, of course, the proposed liquidation of the Russian Black Sea was a great bonus for the United States. fleet. Nowhere else could Russia provide him with at least acceptable basing conditions geographically. And even if it could, the new main base would inevitably be within the radius of a guaranteed missile strike from the territory of Crimea. So, in any situation, the Black Sea Fleet of Russia ceased to exist, which seriously reduced its geopolitical influence in the whole not only the Black Sea, but also the Middle East region.
But still, the geopolitical and economic blow to Russia is only a large-scale, but on the whole flank operation in a completely different war, in the First Financial War of the USA with China. Other options for action in Washington at the moment is simply not available. America turned out to be too connected with China economically. From there comes $ 450 billion in imports per year. And the fact that the trade balance remains consistently negative, best of all confirms that the United States cannot refuse it. Therefore, they act in such a roundabout way. And what is so big, then, as they say in America, - nothing personal, it's just a business. The US response to Beijing’s actions will be announced at a meeting of the US Federal Reserve System on the size of the discount rate in mid-September of this year. So wait just a little longer.