Russian fascists in Manchuria. How emigrants dreamed of destroying the USSR with the help of Japan

В stories The Great Patriotic War, unfortunately, there were many examples of the betrayal of Soviet citizens - military and civilian, who transferred to the service of the enemy. Someone made his choice out of hatred of the Soviet political system, someone was guided by considerations of personal gain, being captured or being in the occupied territory. Back in 1920-1930's. there were several Russian fascist organizations created by emigres - followers of the fascist ideology. Strangely enough, but one of the most powerful anti-Soviet fascist movements was formed not even in Germany or any other European country, but in East Asia — in Manchuria. And acted under the direct tutelage of Japanese intelligence agencies interested in using Russian fascists for propaganda, espionage and sabotage in the Far East and Siberia.


30 August 1946 The Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR completed the consideration of the case initiated by 26 August on the accusation that a group of people had been treating and conducting armed struggle against the Soviet Union in order to overthrow the Soviet system. Among the defendants - G.S. Semenov, A.P. Baksheev, L.F. Vlasyevsky, B.N. Sheptunov, L.P. Okhotin, I.A. Mikhailov, N.A. Ukhtomsky and K.V. Rodzaevsky. Familiar names.

Grigory Semyonov (1890-1946) is the most famous Cossack ataman, lieutenant-general of the White Army, who commanded anti-Soviet armed forces operating in the Trans-Baikal and Far East during the Civil War. Semenovtsy became famous for their atrocities even against the background of other, in general, armed forces of the Civil War period, which are not prone to excessive humanism. The hereditary Transbaikalian Cossack, Grigory Semyonov, even before becoming a chieftain, showed himself to be a brave warrior on the fronts of the First World War. A graduate of the Orenburg Cossack Cadet School, he fought on the territory of Poland - as part of the Nerchinsky regiment of the Ussurian brigade, then participated in a campaign in Iranian Kurdistan, fought on the Romanian front. When the revolution began, Semenov turned to Kerensky with a proposal to form a Buryat-Mongol regiment and received this "go-ahead" from the Provisional Government. It was Semenov in December 1917 that broke up the Soviets in Manchuria and formed the Daur Front. The first experience of Semenov’s collaboration with the Japanese also belongs to the beginning of the Civil War in Russia. Already in April, 1918 was part of the Special Manchu Detachment, formed by Semenov, a Japanese unit consisting of 540 soldiers and 28 officers under the command of Captain Okumur. January 4 1920 A.V. Kolchak gave G.M. Semenov full military and civilian power on the "Russian eastern outskirts." However, by 1921, the position of whites in the Far East has deteriorated so much that Semenov was forced to leave Russia. He emigrated to Japan. After the puppet state of Manchukuo was created in NNXX in Northeast China under the formal control of the last Qing emperor Pu Yi, and was virtually completely controlled by Japan, Semenov settled in Manchuria. He was given a house in Dairen and was granted a pension in 1932 Japanese Yen.

"Russian Bureau" and Japanese intelligence services

In Manchuria, a large number of Russian emigrants concentrated. In the first place, these were officers and Cossacks ousted from Transbaikalia, the Far East, and Siberia after the victory of the Bolsheviks. In addition, quite numerous Russian communities lived in Harbin and some other Manchu cities since pre-revolutionary times, including engineers, technical specialists, merchants, and employees of the Chinese Eastern Railway. Harbin was even called the “Russian city”. The total number of the Russian population of Manchuria was at least 100 thousand people. The Japanese special services that controlled the political situation in Manchuku were always extremely attentive and interested in the Russian emigration, since they considered it from the perspective of their use against Soviet power in the Far East and Central Asia. In order to more effectively manage political processes in the Russian emigration, in 1934 The Bureau of Russian Emigrants in the Manchurian Empire (BREM) was established. He was headed by Lieutenant General Benjamin Rychkov (1867-1935) - an old royal officer, until May 1917. He commanded the 27 Army Corps, then the Tyumen Military District Directoire, and later served in Semenov. In 1920 was he emigrated to Harbin and got a job as head of the railway police department at Manchuria station. Then he worked as a proofreader in the Russian printing house. In the Russian emigration, the general enjoyed a certain influence, so he was entrusted with leading the structure responsible for consolidating the emigrants. The Bureau of Russian Emigrant Affairs was created to strengthen ties between immigrants and the government of Manzhou-go, to assist the Japanese administration in resolving issues to streamline the life of the Russian emigre community in Manchuria. However, in fact it was BREM that became the main structure for the preparation of reconnaissance and sabotage groups, then sent by Japanese intelligence to the territory of the Soviet Union. In the middle of 1930's. The formation of sabotage detachments, recruited by Russian émigrés, who were in the field of the ideological influence of the Russian bureau, began. BREM has covered almost the entire active part of the Russian emigration - 44 thousands of Russians from 100 thousands living in Manchuria, were registered with the Bureau. The organization published publications - Luch Asia magazine and the Voice of Emigrants newspaper, had its own printing house and library, and also engaged in cultural, educational and propaganda activities in the emigrant community. After the death of General Rychkov, which followed in 1935, Lieutenant-General Alexei Baksheev (1873-1946), the longtime associate of Ataman Semenov, who served as his deputy Ataman of the Trans-Baikal Army, became the new head of the BREM. Hereditary Transbaikalian Cossack, Baksheev graduated from a military school in Irkutsk, participated in the Chinese campaign 1900-1901, then - in the First World War, on whose fronts he rose to the rank of military sergeant. Emigrating to 1920 in Manchuria, Baksheev settled in Harbin and in 1922. He was elected military ataman of the Trans-Baikal Cossack army.

Konstantin Vasilievich Rodzaevsky (1907-1946) was responsible for cultural and educational work in the Bureau of Russian Emigrant Affairs - a person, to some extent more remarkable than the old royal generals, who were considered to be formal leaders of emigration. First, Konstantin Rodzaevsky, due to his age, did not have time to either take part in the Civil War, or even catch her in more or less adulthood. He spent his childhood in Blagoveshchensk, where his father, Vladimir Ivanovich Rodzaevsky, worked as a notary. Before 18, Kostya Rodzaevsky led the way of life of an ordinary Soviet young man - he finished school, even managed to join the ranks of the Komsomol. But in 1925, the life of young Kostya Rodzaevsky turned in unexpected ways - he fled from the Soviet Union, crossed the Soviet-Chinese border along the Amur River, and ended up in Manchuria. Mother Kostya Nadezhda, having learned that her son is in Harbin, obtained a Soviet exit visa and went to him, trying to persuade him to go back to the USSR. But Constantine was adamant. In 1928, the father of Rodzaevsky and his younger brother also fled to Harbin, after which the GPU authorities arrested Nadezhda’s mother and her daughters Nadezhda and Nina. In Harbin, Konstantin Rodzaevsky began a new life. He went to study at the Harbin Law Faculty - a Russian émigré educational institution, where he fell under the ideological influence of two teachers - Nikolai Nikiforov and George Hins. George Hins (1887-1971), he served as deputy dean of the Harbin Law School and gained fame as a developer of the concept of Russian solidarism. Hins was a categorical opponent of the concept of “Shinovekhovstvo” spread among the emigre community, which was recognition of the Soviet Union and the need to cooperate with the Soviet government. As for Nikolai Nikiforov (1886-1951), he adhered to even more radical views at the end of 1920-s. led a group of students and teachers of the Harbin Law Faculty who created a political group with the quite clear name “Russian Fascist Organization”. Among the creators of this organization was young Konstantin Rodzaevsky. The activities of the Russian fascists in Harbin almost immediately after their organizational unification became very noticeable.

Russian fascist party

26 May 1931 was held in Harbin 1-th Congress of Russian fascists, which was established Russian Fascist Party (RFP). Konstantin Rodzaevsky, who has not yet turned 24 years old, was elected its general secretary. The size of the party initially amounted to about 200 people, but by 1933, it increased to 5 000 activists. The ideology of the party was based on the conviction that the Bolshevik regime would soon collapse, which was viewed as anti-Russian and totalitarian. Like the Italian fascists, the Russian fascists were both anti-communists and anti-capitalists. A black uniform was introduced into the game. Printed publications were published, first of all, the Nation magazine, which was published since April 1932, and since October 1933, the newspaper Nash Put, edited by Rodzaevsky. However, the RFP, which originated in Manchuria, was not the only organization of Russian fascists in those years. In 1933, the All-Russian Fascist Organization (WFD) was created in the USA, at the origins of which was Anastasii Andreyevich Vonsyatsky (1898-1965) - the former captain of Denikin's Volunteer Army, who served in the Ulan and Hussar regiments, and later emigrated to the United States. Vonsyatsky when he was an officer in the Volunteer Army, fought against the Reds on the Don, Kuban, in the Crimea, but was evacuated after being infected with typhoid. Having created the All-Russian Fascist organization, Captain Vonsyatsky began to search for contacts with other Russian fascists and during one of his travels he visited Japan, where he entered into negotiations with Konstantin Rodzaevsky.

3 April 1934 in Yokohama The Russian Fascist Party and the All-Russian Fascist Organization merged into a single structure, called the All-Russian Fascist Party (WWF). 26 April 1934 was held in Harbin by the 2 Russian Fascist Congress, at which Rodzaevsky was elected General Secretary of the All-Russian Fascist Party, and Vonsyatsky - Chairman of the WFTU Central Executive Committee. However, already in October, 1934 between Rodzaevsky and Vonsyatsky began contradictions, which led to the delimitation. The fact is that Vonsyatsky did not share the anti-Semitism inherent in Rodzaevsky and believed that the party should fight only against communism, and not against the Jews. In addition, Vonsyatsky negatively treated the figure of Ataman Semenov, with whom Rodzaevsky closely cooperated with the structures of the Bureau of Russian Emigrant Affairs in Manchukuo. According to Vonsyatsky, the Cossacks, on which Rodzaevsky called for reliance, no longer played a special role in the changed political situation, so the party should have been looking for a new social base. Finally. Vonsyatsky dissociated himself from the supporters of Rodzaevsky, who, however, put the entire WWF under their control.

Russian fascists in Manchuria. How emigrants dreamed of destroying the USSR with the help of Japan
- K.V. Rodzaevsky, at the head of the RFP militants, meets A.A. at the Harbin station. Vonsyatskogo

Fairly quickly, the WFTU became the largest political organization of the Russian emigration in Manchuria. Under the control of the WFTU, there were several public organizations - the Russian Women's Fascist Movement, the Union of Young Fascists - Avant-garde, the Union of Young Fascists - Avant-garde, the Union of Fascist Crumb, Union of Fascist Youth 28 June - 7 July 1935 was held in Harbin on 3-th World Congress of Russian Fascists, at which the party's program was adopted and its charter was approved. In 1936, the provisions “On the Party Greeting”, “On the Party Flag”, “On the National Flag and Anthem”, “On the Party Badge”, “On the Party Banner”, “On the Party Form and Hierarchical Signs”, “On religious icon. The flag of the WFTU represented a panel with a black swastika on a yellow background of a rhombus in a white rectangle, the party banner is a golden-colored cloth, on one side of which is the Holy Face of the Savior, and on the other is St. Prince Vladimir. The edges of the cloth are bordered with a black stripe, on which on one side are the inscriptions: “May God rise and be crushed by Him,” “God with us, understand the Gentiles and submit”, and on the other hand, “With God”, “God, Nation, Labor "," For the Motherland "," Glory to Russia ". In the upper corners of the image of a two-headed eagle; in the lower corners image of the swastika ". The party banner of the All-Russian Fascist Party was consecrated on 24 on May 1935 in Harbin by Orthodox hierarchs Archbishop Nestor and Bishop Dimitri. Party members wore a uniform consisting of a black shirt, a black jacket with golden buttons with a swastika, a black cap with an orange edging and a swastika on a cockade, a belt with a sword belt, black breeches with an orange edging and boots. An orange circle with a white border and a black swastika in the center was sewn onto the sleeve of the shirt and jacket. On the left hand, the party members wore distinctive signs of their belonging to one or another level of the party hierarchy. The public organizations operating under the party used similar symbolism and had their own uniform. So, members of the Union of Young Fascists - Avant-garde wore black shirts with blue shoulder straps and black caps with a yellow edging and the letter “A” on the cockade. The union consisted of teenagers 10-16 years, which should bring up "in the spirit of Russian fascism."

The supreme ideological, programmatic and tactical body of the All-Russian Fascist Party was proclaimed the Supreme Council of the WFTU, headed by the Chairman - Konstantin Rodzaevsky. In the intervals between congresses, the Supreme Council presided over the party, its members were elected at the WFTU congress. In turn, elected members of the Supreme Council of the WFTU elected a secretary and two vice-chairmen of the Supreme Council. At the same time, the party chairman had the right to “veto” any decisions of the congress. The Supreme Council included an ideological council, a legislative council, and a commission to study the USSR. The main part of the structural units of the WFTU acted on the territory of Manchuria, however, the WFTU was able to extend its influence to the Russian emigrant environment in Europe and the USA. In Europe, Boris Petrovich Tedley (1901-1944) became a resident of the party - in the past he participated in the Ice Campaign of General Kornilov and the St. George Knight. While living in Switzerland, Tedley first collaborated with the Russian People’s Liberation Movement, and then in 1935, he set up a cell of the All-Russian Fascist Party in Bern. In 1938, Mr. Rodzaevsky appointed Tadley as chairman of the Supreme Council for Europe and Africa. However, in 1939, Mr. Tedley was arrested by the Swiss authorities and was in prison until his death in 1944.

From Japanese Support to Opals

Since 1936, the All-Russian Fascist Party has begun preparations for anti-Soviet sabotage. The fascists acted on instructions from Japanese intelligence, which provided organizational support for sabotage actions. In the fall of 1936, several sabotage groups were abandoned on the territory of the Soviet Union, but most of them were identified and destroyed by border guards. Nevertheless, one group of six people managed to penetrate deep into Soviet territory and, having crossed the 400-kilometer route to Chita, appeared at the 7 demonstration in November of 1936, where anti-Stalinist leaflets were distributed. It is noteworthy that the employees of the Soviet counterintelligence could not detain the fascist propagandists on time, and the group returned safely to Manchuria. When the law on universal conscription was passed in Manzhou-Guo, Russian emigration as one of the population of Manchuria fell under its effect. In May, 1938, the Japanese military mission in Harbin, opened the Asano-Butai military-sabotage school, where young Russian emigrants were recruited. Following the model of the Asano Detachment, several more such detachments were created in other settlements of Manchuria. Units staffed by Russian émigrés were disguised as units of the Manchu army. The commander of the Kwantung Army, General Umedzu, ordered the preparation of saboteurs from among the Russian population of Manchuria, as well as to prepare a Red Army uniform in which sabotage groups sent to the territory of the Soviet Union could act as a disguise.


- Russians in the Kwantung Army

Another aspect of the activities of the Russian fascist party in Manzhou-go was the participation of a number of its activists in the criminal activity, behind which stood the Japanese field gendarmerie. Many fascists were involved in drug trafficking, the organization of prostitution, kidnapping and extortion. So, back in 1933, militants of the fascist party kidnapped a talented pianist Seeds Kaspa and demanded that his father Joseph Kaspa, one of the richest Harbin Jews, pay the ransom. However, the Nazis did not even wait for the money and first sent the son’s ears to the unfortunate father, and then his body was found. This crime made even the Italian fascists dissociate themselves from the activities of Russian like-minded people, who were called "a dirty spot on the reputation of fascism." The involvement of the party in criminal activities contributed to the disappointment of some previously active fascists in the activities of Rodzaevsky, which led to the first withdrawals from the party.

The Japanese special services funded the activities of the WFTU on the territory of Manzhou-go, which allowed the party to develop its structures and finance the education of the younger generations of Russian émigrés in a fascist spirit. Thus, members of the Union of Fascist youth received the opportunity to enter the Stolypin Academy, which was, in a way, a party educational institution. In addition, the party supported the Russian orphans by organizing the Russian House - an orphanage, where children were also brought up in a proper spirit. In Qiqihar, a fascist radio station was established, broadcasting, among other things, to the Soviet Far East, and the fascist ideology was practically officially propagandized in most Russian schools in Manchuria. In 1934 and 1939 Konstantin Rodzaevsky met with General Araki, a Japanese war minister who was considered the head of the “war party”, and in 1939 with Matsuoka, who later became the foreign minister of Japan. The Japanese leadership treated the Russian fascists so loyally that it allowed them to congratulate Emperor Hirohito on the 2600 anniversary of the creation of the Japanese Empire. Thanks to the Japanese funding, in the All-Russian Fascist Party, literary propaganda activity was set at a fairly high level. The main "writer" and propagandist of the WFTU was, of course, Konstantin Rodzaevsky himself. The authorship of the party’s leader has published books “The ABC of Fascism” (1934), “Criticism of the Soviet State” in two parts (1935 and 1937), “The Russian Way” (1939), and “The State of the Russian Nation” (1942). In 1937, the WFTU was transformed into the Russian Fascist Union (RFU), and in 1939, the 4 Congress of Russian Fascists was held in Harbin, which was to be the last in the history of the movement. On it there was another conflict between Rodzaevsky and part of his supporters. A group of fascists, who had by that time understood the true essence of the Hitler regime, demanded that Rodzaevsky break off all ties with Hitler Germany and remove the swastika from party banners. They motivated this demand with the hostility of Hitler to Russia and the Slavs as a whole, and not just to the Soviet political system. However, Rodzaevsky refused from the anti-Hitler turn. The Second World War was approaching, which played a pivotal role in the fate of not only Russian fascism, but also the whole of Russian emigration in Manchuria. In the meantime, the number of party structures of the WFTU - RFU was about 30 000 people. The branches and cells of the party operated practically everywhere where Russian émigrés lived - in Western and Eastern Europe, the USA, Canada, the countries of Latin America, North and South Africa, and Australia.

The first problems faced by the RFU after the Soviet Union and Germany signed the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. Then the USSR and Germany temporarily began to cooperate with each other, and this cooperation for the leadership of Germany was of greater interest than the support of emigrant political organizations. Many activists of the RFU were extremely dissatisfied with the fact that Germany began to cooperate with the USSR. An epidemic of withdrawals from the RFU began, and Rodzayevsky himself subjected the pact to harsh criticism. 22 June 1941 The Nazi Germany attacked the Soviet Union, which provoked strong approval from Rodzayevsky. The leader of the RFU saw in Hitler’s invasion a chance for the possible overthrow of the Stalinist regime and the establishment of fascist power in Russia. Therefore, the RFU began strenuously to seek entry into the war against the USSR and the Japanese Empire. But the Japanese had other plans - engaged in confrontation with the United States and Britain in the Asia-Pacific region, they did not at all want to enter into an armed confrontation with the USSR at the moment. Since the agreement on neutrality was signed between Japan and the Soviet Union as early as April 1941, the Japanese special services were instructed to minimize the aggressive potential of the Russian fascists in Manchuria. The circulation of the newspaper, in which Rodzaevsky called on Japan to go to war with the USSR, was confiscated. On the other hand, many supporters of the RFU, who received news of the atrocities committed by the Nazis on the territory of Russia, left the organization or at least refused to maintain the position of Rodzaevsky.

As the situation of Germany deteriorated on the Soviet front, the Japanese leadership less and less wanted open confrontation with the USSR and took steps to avoid straining relations. So, in July 1943, the Japanese authorities banned the activities of the Russian Fascist Union in the territory of Manchuria. However, according to some data, the reason for the ban on the RFU was not only and not so much the Japanese’s fear of worsening the already extremely tense relations with the Soviet Union, but also the presence of Soviet agents in the ranks of Russian émigrés who worked on the NKVD and collected information on the deployment of Japanese troops Manchuria, Korea and China. In any case, the fascist party ceased to exist. From that time on, Rodzaevsky, himself under the supervision of the Japanese special services, was forced to concentrate on working in the structures of the Bureau of Russian Emigrant Affairs, where he was responsible for cultural and educational activities. As for his longtime partner, and then the enemy in the ranks of the Russian fascist movement - Anastasia Vonsyatsky, he, who lives in the United States, was arrested after the start of the war on charges of spying for the Axis countries and was imprisoned.

At the beginning of the 1940's BREM was headed by Major General Vladimir Kislitsyn. In fact, Vladimir Alexandrovich Kislitsyn only rose to the rank of colonel in the tsar’s army, but he fought heroically — as part of the 23 of the Odessa Border Brigade, and then at the 11 of the Riga Dragoon Regiment. He was wounded many times. In 1918, the city of Kislitsyn enlisted in the hetman army of Ukraine, where he commanded a cavalry division, and then a corps. After his arrest by the Petliurists in Kiev, however, he was released at the insistence of the Germans and left for Germany. In the same 1918 from Germany, he again returned to Russia seized by the Civil War and made his way to Siberia, where he commanded the division at Kolchak, and then with a special Manchurian detachment, at Semenov. In 1922, Kislitsyn emigrated to Harbin, where he began working as a dental technician, in parallel with the local police. The social activity of Vladimir Kislitsyn was at this time reduced to supporting Grand Duke Kirill Vladimirovich as the heir to the throne. In 1928, the Grand Duke produced for this Colonel Kislitsyn into the major generals of the Russian imperial army. Later, Kislitsyn began to cooperate in the structures of BREM and headed the Bureau, but he died in 1944. After the death of Kislitsyn, the leader of the BREM, as it turned out - the last, was Lieutenant-General Lev Filippovich Vlasyevsky (1884-1946). He was born in Transbaikalia - in the village of First Chindant, and in 1915, after the start of the First World War, he was drafted into the army, graduated from the school of ensigns and by the end of the war reached the lieutenant. Under Ataman Semenov, Vlasyevsky was first chief of the office, and then chief of the Cossack division of the headquarters of the Far Eastern Army.

The defeat of Japan and the collapse of Russian fascism in Manchuria

The news of the beginning of the hostilities of the Soviet-Mongolian troops against the Japanese Kwantung Army was a real shock for the Russian émigré leaders living in Manchuria. If the tsarist conservative generals and colonels were quietly waiting for their fate, hoping only for a possible rescue by the retreating Japanese troops, the more flexible Rodzaevsky swiftly restructured. He suddenly became a supporter of Stalinism, declaring that a nationalist turnaround took place in the Soviet Union, involving the return of officer ranks in the army, the introduction of separate education for boys and girls, the revival of Russian patriotism, the glorification of the national heroes Ivan the Terrible, Alexander Nevsky, Suvorov and Kutuzov. In addition, in the opinion of the “late” Rodzayevsky, Stalin managed to “re-educate” Soviet Jews, who were “pulled out of the Talmudic environment” and therefore no longer presented a danger, becoming ordinary Soviet citizens. Rodzaevsky wrote a penitential letter to I.V. Stalin, in which, in particular, emphasized: “Stalinism is the very thing that we mistakenly called“ Russian fascism, ”this is our Russian fascism, cleansed of extremes, illusions and delusions.” Russian fascism and Soviet communism asserts he, have common goals. "Only now it is clear that the October revolution and the five-year plans, the ingenious leadership of I.V. Stalin lifted Russia - the USSR to an unattainable height. Long live Stalin, the salutary combination of nationalism and communism, which indicated a way out of the impasse to all the peoples of the earth - the greatest commander, the unsurpassed organizer - Leader! ” Counterintelligence from SMERSH promised Konstantin Rodzayevsky worthy propagandist work in the Soviet Union and the leader of the Russian fascists "fell for it." He came in contact with Smerzhevites, was arrested and taken to Moscow. Lieutenant-General Grigory Semyonov was arrested by the landing of the NKVD at his villa in Dairen, which for many symbolized the anti-Soviet white movement in the Far East and Transbaikalia. Semenov was arrested on August 24 1945.



Obviously, the ataman did not expect the appearance of Soviet troops in Dairen, because he was confident that after Japan’s 17 surrender on August 1945, the Soviet troops would not advance further and would be able to sit out the dangerous time in his villa. But Semenov miscalculated on the same day, 24 August 1945, the plane was sent to Moscow - along with a group of other detainees, among whom were prominent white generals - the leaders of the BREM, and propagandists of the Russian Fascist Union. In addition to the generals Vlasyevsky, Baksheyev and Semenov, among those arrested was also Ivan Adrianovich Mikhailov (1891-1946) - the former Kolchak’s Minister of Finance, and after emigration - one of the companions of Rodzaevsky and the editor of the newspaper “Harbin time”, in which anti-Soviet materials were published . Lev Pavlovich Okhotin (1911-1948), the “right hand” of Rodzayevsky, a member of the Supreme Council of the WFTU and the head of the organizational department of the fascist party, was also arrested.

Boris Nikolaevich Shepunov (1897-1946), arrested along with other members of the BREM, was an even more dangerous figure. In the past, the white officer was a Semenovets, he was in the 1930-e - 1940-e. worked as an investigator of the Japanese police at the station "Pogranichnaya" and at the same time headed the department of the Bureau of Russian Emigrant Affairs in Mukden. It was Shepunov who led the preparation and transfer of spies and saboteurs from Manchuria to the territory of the Soviet Union, for which in 1938 he was appointed head of the BREM department in Harbin. When in 1940, twenty activists of the Russian Fascist Union were arrested on charges of espionage in favor of the USSR, and then they were acquitted by a Japanese court and released, Shepunov supervised their extrajudicial execution. In 1941, the Shepunov formed a White Guard detachment intended for an armed invasion of Soviet territory. Prince Nikolai Aleksandrovich Ukhtomsky (1895-1953), unlike most of the above-mentioned persons detained by SMERSH, did not directly organize the organization of sabotage and espionage, but was active in propaganda, speaking from sharp anti-communist positions.

The process of "Semenov". Rehabilitation can not be.

All of these persons were transported from Manchuria to Moscow. In August, 1946, a year after his arrest, appeared before the court: Semenov, Grigory Mikhailovich; Rodzaevsky, Konstantin Vladimirovich; Baksheev Alexey Proklovich, Vlasyevsky, Lev Filippovich, Mikhailov, Ivan Adrianovich, Shepunov, Boris Nikolaevich; Okhotin, Lev Pavlovich; Ukhtomsky, Nikolai Aleksandrovich. The trial of the “Semenovtsy”, as the Japanese henchmen detained in Manchuria in the Soviet press were named, was carried out by the Military Collegium of the USSR Supreme Court under the leadership of Colonel-General Justice V.V. Ulrich The court found that the defendants for many years carried out active subversive activities against the Soviet Union, being paid agents of Japanese intelligence and organizers of anti-Soviet organizations operating in the territory of Manchuria. The troops commanded by the generals Semenov, Baksheev and Vlasyevsky during the Civil War led an armed struggle against the Red Army and the Red partisans, participating in massacres of the local population, robberies and murders. Already at that time, they began to receive funds from Japan. After the defeat in the Civil War, the Semenovites fled to Manchuria, where they created anti-Soviet organizations — the Union of Cossacks in the Far East and the Bureau of Russian Emigrant Affairs in Manzhou-Go. The court found that all the defendants were agents of the Japanese special services and were engaged in the creation of espionage and sabotage detachments sent to the territory of the Soviet Union. In the event of the beginning of the war of Japan against the Soviet Union, the White Guard detachments concentrated in Manchuria were assigned the task of directly invading the territory of the Soviet state.

After the completion of the trial, the Military Collegium of the USSR Supreme Court sentenced: Semenov, Grigory Mikhailovich to death by hanging with confiscation of all property belonging to him; Rodzaevsky Konstantin Vladimirovich, Baksheev Alexey Proklovich, Vlasyevsky Lev Fedorovich, Mikhailov Ivan Adrianovich and Shepunov Boris Nikolayevich - to death by shooting with confiscation of property. Ukhtomsky Nikolai Alexandrovich was sentenced to twenty years of hard labor, Okhotin Lev Pavlovich - to fifteen years hard labor, also with confiscation of all their property. On the same day 30 of August 1946 in Moscow all defendants sentenced to death were executed. As for Nikolai Ukhtomsky, he, sentenced to twenty years in the camp, died 7 years after the sentence was passed - in 1953 in Rechlag near Vorkuta. Lev Okhotin died at a logging site in the Khabarovsk Territory in 1948, after serving 2 from 15 rendered.

In 1998, in the wake of a fashionable review of the Stalinist sentences, the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation proceeded to review criminal cases against all defendants in the Semenovtsi case, with the exception of Ataman Semenov, who was recognized in 1994 for his crimes not subject to rehabilitation. As a result of the work of the college, it was established that all persons convicted of 30 on August 1946 were indeed guilty of the acts incriminated to them, with the exception of anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda, provided for in 58-10 article h. 2. Therefore, in relation to all the accused, the sentences of this article were annulled. In the remaining articles, the guilt of the accused was confirmed, as a result of which the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation left the sentences unchanged and found the listed persons not subject to rehabilitation. In addition, the Sidra citizens were arrested and taken to the USSR by Professor Nikolai Ivanovich Nikiforov, the founder of the fascist movement in Harbin, who was sentenced to ten years in the camps and died in 1951 in prison.

Anastasius Vonsyatsky was released from an American prison where he left 3,5 for the year in 1946 and continued to live in the USA in St. Petersburg, moving away from political activities and writing memoirs. In 1953, Vonsyatsky opened a museum in memory of the last Russian Tsar Nicholas II in St. Petersburg. Vonsyatsky died in 1965 at the age of 66. Unfortunately, in modern Russia there are people who admire the activities of the fascists 1930-xNNXX-s. and forgetting that Semenov, Rodzaevsky and people like them were tools of anti-Russian politics, and their actions were stimulated by their own lust for power and money from Japanese and German special services.
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  1. Combitor 1 September 2015 07: 03 New
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    +7
    Interesting publication. The topic of Russian fascism was somehow not particularly revealed either in the USSR or in modern Russia. But it would be necessary ... The brown plague is very tenacious.
    1. Will 1 September 2015 13: 00 New
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      “Someone made their choice out of hatred of the Soviet political system, someone was guided by considerations of personal gain, being captured or being in the occupied territory” - all of the above is a personal gain. The traitor ALWAYS puts his "own" above the general.
  2. anip 1 September 2015 07: 25 New
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    Quote: Kombitor
    The topic of Russian fascism was somehow not particularly revealed either in the USSR or in modern Russia.

    By and large, those White Guards were not fascists. They do not pull the Nafashists, either Italian, German or Spanish - none at all. For the red words they called themselves "Russian fascists" (seen from megalomania), but in fact the usual anti-Soviet semi-criminal and criminal gangs and sabotage groups under the control of the Japanese.
    1. Combitor 1 September 2015 07: 49 New
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      Quote: anip
      For a red word they called themselves "Russian fascists"

      It was called "cargo", sorry, "fascist - climb on the gallows."
  3. parusnik 1 September 2015 07: 35 New
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    The RFU leader saw in Hitler's invasion a chance for the possible overthrow of the Stalinist regime and the establishment of fascist power in Russia.... and who would they be, say after the overthrow of the Stalinist regime? The rulers of Russia, for the good of the people .. or miserable puppets in the hands of the invaders? .. It seems that the second ..
    Thank you, Ilya .. interesting material ..
    1. Babr 1 September 2015 12: 21 New
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      It's probably easier for us to blame, with such a stream of information.
      Although all of it must be filtered.
      But it seems to me that Rodzaevsky just noticed this moment .....

      "He suddenly became a supporter of Stalinism, saying that in the Soviet Union there was a nationalist turn, consisting in the return of officer ranks in the army, the introduction of separate training for boys and girls, the revival of Russian patriotism, the exaltation of national heroes Ivan the Terrible, Alexander Nevsky, Suvorov and Kutuzov. In addition to Moreover, Stalin, in the opinion of the “late” Rodzayevsky, was able to “re-educate” Soviet Jews who were “torn out of the Talmudic environment” and therefore no longer represented a danger, turning into ordinary Soviet citizens. "

      I don’t think it was flirting. It just came to understanding.










      2
      1. parusnik 1 September 2015 12: 45 New
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        I don’t think it was flirting. It just came to understanding.
        .. There is a lot of literature .. on this issue and different .. But I got the impression .. that even with the devil, but against the Bolsheviks .. the essence of the majority of the white movement .. Those who began to understand there were few ..
        1. Babr 1 September 2015 13: 22 New
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          Quote: parusnik
          ..But I got an impression .. that even with the devil, but against the Bolsheviks ..

          And this concept is still present. Both from the side of the opponents and from the side of the supporters.
          Bolshevik, after all, he was not unique in time.
          Trotsky Bolshevik. Stalin's Bolshevik. The Bolshevik there .... Khrushchev.
          The name is one, but the essence is different. Therefore, confusion is obtained.
          And here it seems to me that Rodzievsky saw the Bolshevik Stalin. And he accepted it.
        2. dakka-dakka 1 September 2015 13: 34 New
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          Well, let’s put Denikin, in contrast to the red and seed seeds, he welcomed the victories of the Red Army in World War II. and sent messengers from Berlin to a well-known address. he didn’t give a damn who was in the Kremlin, the main thing was to put the wick to the Fritz and let it be in a different form, but Rush Strong
      2. Alexey RA 1 September 2015 12: 53 New
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        Quote: Babr
        I don’t think it was flirting. It just came to understanding.

        Understanding - it would be if Rodzayevsky announced his pro-Stalinist position to the year that way in 1944.
        And in August 1945 - this is already flirting.
        1. Babr 1 September 2015 13: 09 New
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          Quote: Alexey RA
          And in August 1945 - this is flirting

          I have no information about the year. The author has the same thing.
          Where did you get this information from?
          And that's not the point.
          The main thing is said by the words that I understand.
          1. Alexey RA 1 September 2015 13: 40 New
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            Quote: Babr
            I have no information about the year. The author has the same thing.
            Where did you get this information from?

            From a letter from Rodzayevsky to Stalin:
            On August 8, the first day of the war between the USSR and Japan, our vacillations came to an end. The last time I had to pretend that I want to take some part in this war, but at the same time we started to destroy all archives and anti-communist literature. With a passivity that was not at all peculiar to me, I reacted to my appointment as the organizer of anti-communist propaganda in the Japanese in Russian newspaper Vremya and at the Harbin radio station. I did not appear there the next day. On a proposal to make a radio report against the USSR, he wrote such a report that censorship did not miss him. On the proposal to give anti-communist materials gave old reprints. On the offer to leave Manzhou-guo on August 11, he immediately agreed with the condition that it would be possible to take comrades-in-arms who were walking with me to the end. Everyone thought that I was saving them from the Bolsheviks. It was a night of hesitation - to leave or immediately contact the Soviet consulate or the Red Army? Having not found any means of communication, I and several active workers decided to leave so that, having chosen outside the Japanese power, at the first opportunity to enter into negotiations with the Soviet representatives and declare my unconditional transfer to the side of the USSR.
            1. Babr 1 September 2015 13: 59 New
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              Quote: Alexey RA
              From a letter from Rodzayevsky to Stalin:

              Thank you. I didn’t know.
              I was not in the shoes of Radzayevsky. I do not know the motives for which he wrote this letter.
              But what he gave out ....
              "that a nationalist turn took place in the Soviet Union, consisting in the return of officer ranks in the army, the introduction of separate training for boys and girls, the revival of Russian patriotism, the exaltation of national heroes Ivan the Terrible, Alexander Nevsky, Suvorov and Kutuzov.

              Especially .. "In addition, Stalin, according to the" late "Rodzaevsky, was able to" re-educate "Soviet Jews who were" torn out of the Talmudic environment "and therefore no longer represented a danger, turning into ordinary Soviet citizens."
              I understand that.
              This is still relevant.
              1. Alexey RA 1 September 2015 14: 47 New
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                The problem is that he betrayed it too late to seem like understanding - so it was more like trying to save his life at all costs.

                Understanding usually comes earlier and in a different way:
                We experienced pain in the days of the defeat of the army, although it is called “red”, not Russian, and joy in the days of its victories. And now, when the world war is not over yet, we wholeheartedly wish it a victorious end that will ensure our country from impudent encroachments from without.
                (c) Denikin A.I.
                “Tell me, General, why don't you go to the service of the Germans?” After all, here is General Krasnov ...
                - Excuse me, I will answer you: General Denikin served and is serving only Russia. He has not served a foreign state and will not serve.
                1. Babr 1 September 2015 16: 25 New
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                  Quote: Alexey RA
                  The problem is that he betrayed it too late to seem like understanding - so it was more like trying to save his life at all costs.

                  I do not think.
                  He has long been gone, but the words remained. For us, for posterity. And the words are correct.
                  To the best of my understanding, I will subscribe to every word.
                  Here is the article. About fascism. And immediately everything that is described in it falls under the negative.
                  But this is not so.
                  I found a little positive.
  4. V.ic 1 September 2015 09: 14 New
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    Bolsheviks, anarchists, communists, Socialist-Revolutionaries ... fascists ... Poor Russia! Glory to the great Stalin, who managed to "build" the marginalized and to minimize the harm from their activities!
  5. loaln 1 September 2015 09: 55 New
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    A lot of texture. But she is well known. At least in Soviet times, even children (inquisitive) knew 50-60% of the above.
    Missing the main thing. Under what banners did they fight against their homeland together with its enemies? What characters?
    All the "historians" of the present time for some reason quietly circumvent this side in the biography of those times. No wonder the above photos are all background. Except convicted. Maybe because you can get confused when deciding who actually won and is marching on Red Square? After all, the main symbol at the same time.
  6. Mera joota 1 September 2015 10: 50 New
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    there were many examples of betrayal of Soviet citizens - military and civilian, who switched to serving the enemy.

    Here are those times ... This is how the "Semenovtsy" who NEVER were citizens of the USSR became traitors? They fought with the junta of aliens who destroyed the Russian Empire, (at least they thought) whose citizens they were, whom they betrayed? They did not give oaths of allegiance to Lenin and Trotsky, what is the betrayal?
    1. Georg Shep 1 September 2015 11: 05 New
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      And for the Bolshevik system, all true nationally-minded Russian patriots were enemies and "fascists."
    2. Alexey RA 1 September 2015 12: 43 New
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      Quote: Mera Joota

      Here are those times ... This is how the "Semenovtsy" who NEVER were citizens of the USSR became traitors?

      Yes, the entry is unsuccessful.

      It would be better to write about Russian citizens who, in their hatred of the Reds, have crossed the fine line that separates the struggle against the Bolsheviks from the struggle against Russia itself - by entering the service of a state hostile to Russia itself, regardless of who rules it.
      For Japan was the enemy of Russia. And the Kwantung Army, by and large, didn’t give a damn who was in Moscow — they fought with the Russians.
      1. Aleksander 1 September 2015 16: 49 New
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        Quote: Alexey RA
        who, in their hatred of the Reds, crossed the fine line that separates the struggle against the Bolsheviks from the struggle against Russia itself

        Yeah. The Bolsheviks crossed this thick line of struggle with Russia without looking
        much earlier, not at all embarrassed, 3 March 1918 years- forever giving one third of the country to the enemy. Oh, such a "struggle", such a "struggle" for Russia!
        And another thing: Soviet power does not mean at all RUSSIAhow you mistakenly accent. Russia was a thousand years before it, and, I hope, will be a thousand years after.
        And the Nevsky, Kutuzov, and Suvorov, and Zhukov, fought just for her. A.V. Suvorov: "I am proud that I am Russian!"
        1. Alexey RA 1 September 2015 17: 54 New
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          Quote: Aleksander
          Yeah. The Bolsheviks crossed this thick line of struggle with Russia without looking
          much earlier, not at all embarrassed, on March 3, 1918, forever surrendering a third of the country to the enemy. Oh, such a "struggle", such a "struggle" for Russia!

          Most of these territories were no longer controlled by Russia. And there was already nothing to fight with the Germans - for which special thanks to citizen Kerensky. smile
          By the way, Poland, Finland and the UPR should also be thanked by Kerensky - it was the Provisional Government that granted independence to Poland and actually turned a blind eye to separatism in Finland and Ukraine.

          And by the way, why did you decide that a third of the country was given away forever? Unbreakable treaties - this, forgive me, is the same as honest politicians or clean officials.
          Given the processes in Austria-Hungary, there was a chance that the Central Powers would collapse after some time - and everything could be played back. Unfortunately, in January-February 1918 they were still too strong, and the situation inside Russia was difficult - so I had to make a temporary peace.
          Quote: Aleksander
          And again: the Soviet government does not mean RUSSIA, as you mistakenly emphasize. Russia was a thousand years before it, and, I hope, will be a thousand years after.

          You still do not understand.
          That's what I write about: at first they really fought not with Russia, but with the Soviet government. But, having entered the service of the Japanese, they began to fight not against the Soviets and Bolsheviks, but against Russia. For for Japan the enemy was precisely millennial Russia, not specifically Tips. The Japanese fought exactly the same way and robbed the Empire, and the remnants of the Republic, and the Far East, and the USSR (until he gathered his strength).

          Aimed in the Soviet regime, but ended up in Russia.
          1. Aleksander 1 September 2015 19: 59 New
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            Quote: Alexey RA
            Most of these territories were no longer controlled by Russia. AND there was nothing to fight with the Germans - for which special thanks to citizen Kerensky

            Leave Kerensky alone, not pleading with his stupidity and meanness — he did not stop the resistance at the front. In November, the forces of Russia even surpassed the combined forces of A-Hungary and Germany on the Eastern Front. 8 November coupist Lenin demanded from the acting Commander-in-Chief Nikolai Dukhonin stop hostilities and begin demobilization. Dukhonin refused, for which he was killed by the Dybenkovsky beast. On November 9, Lenin sent a telegram to the fronts: "Let the regiments in positions immediately select the ones authorized to formally enter into negotiations on a ceasefire with the enemy." .

            Quote: Alexey RA
            By the way, Poland, Finland and the UPR should also be thanked by Kerensky - it was the Provisional Government that granted independence to Poland and actually turned a blind eye to separatism in Finland and Ukraine.

            Aha yes -In Finland- there was a military dictatorship Provisional Government - before the October coup- though thanks to the Provisional.
            Until the end of October 1917, the authorities in the South-Western provinces of Russia kept on the ruin The Provisional Government Russian republic.
            Only with the fall of the Provisional Government in Petrograd, the Central Council 7 November 1917 proclaimed the Ukrainian People's Republic (UNR) and, accordingly, began Fights. So thank you to Lenin citizen

            Quote: Alexey RA
            Given the processes in Austria-Hungary, there was a chance that the Central Powers would collapse after some time - and everything could be played back. Unfortunately, in January-February 1918 they were still too strong

            Well, so "strong" that starvation in Germany has already died 750 thousand people . For production (trains with looted grub from Ukraine) were Fights in Austria and Germany. Strong (for 9 months) made them Brest betrayalbreathing Ukrainian resources to the Germans for another 9 months slaughterhouse, for which Lenin is responsible.
            Quote: Alexey RA
            You didn’t understand. I’m writing about this: at first they really fought not with Russia, but with the Soviet government. But, having gone to the service of the Japanese, they began to fight already not against the Soviets and Bolsheviks, but against Russia

            Hypocrisy, of course, the highest standard. What is there to say about the Bolsheviks, OPEN fighting against their homeland-warring Russia, wishing her defeat? Do you know what inhuman torment ordinary Russians experienced at the time of the outbreak of war in Germany and AB? And these black animals (they also found a gun from Lenin!) - were carefully sent to Russia through warring Germany!
            Quote: Alexey RA
            Aimed in the Soviet regime, but ended up in Russia.

            when a Russian soldier killed a Nazi in 1945, and the Nazi child died because dad did not come and did not feed, this does not mean that our soldier was in a child.
            1. Alexey RA 2 September 2015 10: 45 New
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              Quote: Aleksander
              Leave Kerensky alone, not pleading with his stupidity and meanness — he did not stop the resistance at the front. In November, the forces of Russia even surpassed the combined forces of A-Hungary and Germany on the Eastern Front.

              Yes, yes, yes ... how superior they were, the June offensive showed well.
              After Order No. 1, the Army of the Empire officially turned into an uncontrollable mass.
              Quote: Aleksander
              On November 8, the putschist Lenin demanded that the acting Supreme Commander Nikolai Dukhonin to cease hostilities and begin demobilization. Dukhonin refused, for which he was killed by the Dybenkovsky beast. On November 9, Lenin sent a telegram to the fronts: “Let the regiments standing in positions immediately select representatives authorized to formally enter into negotiations on a ceasefire with the enemy.” .

              Correctly. Because after Moonsund the understanding came - the front is held exactly as long as the Germans do not advance.
              Quote: Aleksander
              On the ruin, until the end of October 1917, the Provisional Government of the Russian Republic held power in the South-Western provinces of Russia.

              Yeah ... It held back so that it first held talks on the delimitation of powers between the Central Rada and the EP, then decided to coordinate the composition of its representative office (Secretary General) in Ukraine with the Rada, and in September the Secretary General announced that all decisions on the military part in Ukraine accepted by him, and the EP can only approve these decisions. By October 1917, the power of the air forces in Ukraine was purely nominal - Rada really ruled there.
              Quote: Aleksander
              Well, they are so "strong" that 750 thousand people have already died of starvation in Germany. For the extraction (trains with looted grub from Ukraine) there were battles in Austria and Germany. Strong (for another 9 months) they were made by Brest betrayal, breathing Ukrainian resources to the Germans for another 9 months of slaughter, for which the Lenins are responsible.

              In fact, in November-December 1917 there was the Battle of Cambrai, in which the Germans repulsed the British offensive, forcing the British to return to their original positions. And before that there was still the Battle of Paschendale, also unsuccessful for the Entente.
              And this is on the Western Front. On the Eastern Front, the situation was such that only throne - and the front would fall apart. It’s better to sacrifice small things for a while than lose everything at once. Without the Brest Peace, the Germans would have taken what they needed - and even more.
              Quote: Aleksander
              when a Russian soldier killed a Nazi in 1945, and the Nazi child died because dad did not come and did not feed, this does not mean that our soldier was in a child.

              And here it is?
              Here the situation is completely different: the Russian fascist killed the Bolshevik and opened the way to the Japanese, who began to slaughter already ordinary Russians. For the Japanese abandoned their entire "civilization" after the WWII - which they showed during the intervention in the Far East.
              1. tokens2 2 September 2015 11: 03 New
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                Without the Brest Peace, the Germans would have taken what they needed - and even more.

                All of course so.
                But keeping territories comparable to the territory of Germany itself is quite costly in the conditions of the most bloody war in the West. So even without the Brest-Lithuanian world, Kaiser’s appetites in the East were limited. Plus a possible guerrilla warfare with the help of the Entente.
                I don’t think that Lenin "saved" the country. He simply signed a document with the knowledge of the German General Staff. He "sketched" the borders.
                If the Germans took Moscow in 1917 laughing The WWII would have ended earlier. For the travel time of the German division from Moscow to Verdun was tremendously long.
                Rather, the Entente wanted to draw the Germans into the vastness of the Russian Empire. For obvious reasons, the weakening of the German army.
              2. Aleksander 2 September 2015 20: 59 New
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                Quote: Alexey RA
                Yes, yes, yes ... how superior they were, the June offensive showed well. After Order No.1, the Army of the Empire officially turned into an uncontrollable mass.


                NUMBER superior, not in quality. But the front, nevertheless, stood.
                Quote: Alexey RA
                Lenin sent a telegram to the fronts: “Let the regiments standing in positions immediately select those authorized to formally enter into negotiations on an armistice with the enemy.” . Correctly.

                Well, this is an order for you to demobilize the army before the occupier and the enemy, right. And for me it is-Betrayal and bestiality, for one thought about which they shot at 41 immediately.
                Quote: Alexey RA
                By October 1917, the power of the EaP in Ukraine was purely nominal - in fact, there were rules

                Ege. My statement about VP real power until November 1917 Mr. is actually not mine, but Ukronazista Pan Savchenko (take a look at militera). Trust him at least (how much he praises the CR, how praises!). The statements of the Central Democratic Republic are its wet dreams and high-profile statements that were not recognized by anyone, but in the field they couldn’t have imagined what Ukraine and the Central Asian Republic, which has real power did not have.
                Quote: Alexey RA
                In fact, in November-December, 1917 was the Battle of Cambrai, in which the Germans repulsed the British offensive, forcing the British to return to their original positions

                Does this refute the facts about the desperate situation of Germany with food and about hundreds of thousands starvation deaths? Is this not evidence of the collapse of the economy and agony? Certificate! And only Ukrainian resources delayed the defeat of Germany.
                Quote: Alexey RA
                Better donate for a while small than losing everything at once. The Germans, without Brest Peace, would have taken what they needed - and even more

                The Brest Treaty was forever, and not "for a while." And the Germans, of course, reached the place where at least one soldier had reached and took everything they could take by spitting on the contract. And they didn’t take your “even more” just because there were no physical forces. But they were removed by decision of the Treaty of Versailles, and not by the will of the traitor Lenin, who refused a third of the country. ALL war veterans on the side of the Entente received benefits, except for the betrayed Russia by Russia. EVERYTHING has begun to rebuild their countries, except Russia, which has been killing itself for another five years. If Russia were among the winners, there would be no WWII, IMHO.
                Quote: Alexey RA
                Here the situation is completely different: the Russian killed the Bolshevik and opened the way for the Japanese,

                No, another Russian killed the Bolshevik, and then the Japanese.
                Another seventy-year-old messed up communism does not mean millennial Russia, which was before and, I hope, is and will be AFTER it ...
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  7. atos_kin 1 September 2015 10: 54 New
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    SMERShevtsy were able to work. Their experience must be used. Outskirts closer to Japan.
  8. Mother Theresa 1 September 2015 12: 27 New
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    Once in their place, the Bolsheviks did the same under the guidance of the Japanese. Also arranged diversions and so on and so forth.
    1. Alexey RA 1 September 2015 12: 49 New
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      Quote: Mother Teresa
      Once in their place, the Bolsheviks did the same under the guidance of the Japanese. Also arranged diversions and so on and so forth.

      Would not have time. The Bolsheviks had too much contra with the Japanese in the Far East - so they would most likely be shot.
      And the Bolsheviks would not have gone to the Japanese zone — rather, they would have gone to Sun Yat-sen.
      1. Mother Theresa 1 September 2015 15: 14 New
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        The Bolsheviks had one goal to overthrow any government in Russia and establish their power, and for this they were ready for anything. It's just that the Bolsheviks always knew how to choose the right and get rid of fellow travelers in time.
        1. Alexey RA 1 September 2015 17: 56 New
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          Quote: Mother Teresa
          The Bolsheviks had one goal to overthrow any government in Russia and establish their power, and for this they were ready for anything.

          The Bolsheviks were probably ready.
          That's just the Japanese were not ready. They tried to keep whites on a short leash.
  9. Samarskiy 1 September 2015 14: 17 New
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    awards, in the form of gallows and logging, found their heroes
  10. ALEA IACTA EST 1 September 2015 14: 39 New
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    I do not understand them: you can not accept the regime, but support the enemies of the country, approve the destruction of compatriots - this is too much ...
  11. Yuuki 1 September 2015 17: 38 New
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    The Stalinist car worked like a clock! All the bastards were found and executed! I hope it will be the same in modern Russia.
  12. saygon66 1 September 2015 18: 50 New
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    - The Union of Fascist Babies ... So here comes the rhyme that my grandmother read to me!
    - "The fascist baby believes in God ...." and what else is there - I don’t remember now ... She also said that the RPF activists helped a lot - the needy were employed by Russian businessmen in Harbin ... That's right, to complete the picture ...