Military Review

Ruslan Pukhov: "The export of Russian weapons awaits stagnation"

49
Director of the Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies, Executive Director of the Union of Russian Gunsmiths Ruslan Pukhov gave an interview to the newspaper Novye Izvestia Sergei Putilova. We publish the text of the interview in our blog.


Ruslan Pukhov: "The export of Russian weapons awaits stagnation"


According to the Stockholm Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Russia retains the second place in the world ranking of arms dealers after the United States. It can be said that the production and sale weapons for export remain among the few effectively working sectors in the severe crisis of the Russian economy. However, at the same time, the Russian defense industry has many problems associated with Western sanctions, the breakdown of cooperative ties with Ukraine, a scandalous history with Mistrals. The achievements and problems of the “NI” industry were discussed with a member of the public council of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, the executive director of the Union of Russian gunsmiths, the head of the Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies Ruslan PUHOV.

- Is it possible to say that Russia is strengthening its position in the global arms market, as follows from authoritative international ratings?

- No, I believe that, given the imminent saturation of the Algerian market, the difficult economic situation in Venezuela, the tightening of the competitive environment in India and Vietnam, Russian arms exports are expected to stagnate or even drop in sales. In the coming years, France will strengthen its position in the market, which, after a ten-year hiatus, returned to the military market. aviation technicians selling their Rafale fighters to Egypt and Qatar this year. I think in the near future it will be France that will become the second world exporter of arms, pushing our country aside. A relatively new notable player in this market, South Korea, is rapidly increasing sales. Israeli sales are steadily growing, Turkey shows great ambitions. So it’s becoming increasingly difficult to sell weapons - competition is really growing, and these are not words on duty.

- But after all, for now we are in the second place of honor after the undisputed world leader - America?

- Nominally, Russian arms exports have been growing steadily since the 1999 of the year, and in recent years have exceeded 15 billions of dollars. Although it is usually said that Russia ranks second in terms of arms supplies, in reality this is not always the case. Periodically, the UK jumps to the figure of eight billion pounds, and thus arithmetically pushes Russia into third place. But the question is whether the UK can be considered an autonomous subject of the world arms market. The fact is that up to half of British exports go to the American market, and British corporations are very closely integrated with the Americans. In addition, British exports include participation in international European programs, for example, in the production of the Eurofighter / Typhoon fighter. So methodologically Russia really, probably, takes the second place. However, one must keep in mind that the marked increase in the volume of Russian arms exports is nominal figures. And if we take into account dollar inflation, especially accelerated in the past few years, with the beginning of the famous quantitative easing of the Fed, it is likely that our military exports will stagnate somewhere from 2012 – 2013.

- And how to treat this: as a loss of competitive positions?

- Well no. This is perfectly normal: no arms exporter, with the possible exception of Israel, has grown as long and stable as Russia. All other suppliers had very strong fluctuations in supply volumes. The slowdown in the growth of Russian exports is associated with increased competition in our main - “anchor” - Indian market. In addition, somewhere since the mid-2000s, China has sharply reduced purchases, whose defense industry itself is capable of meeting most of the needs of its army. Although with the beginning of the new decade, Chinese purchases began to grow again.

- Where are Russian weapons going at all and is the circle of its customers changing?

- The main buyers of our weapons in the past few years have been India, Algeria, Vietnam, Venezuela, Iraq and China. If we talk about recent developments in this area, then we should note the sudden appearance among the major buyers of Iraq, and last year this country even came in second place in terms of supply after India. In addition, there is clearly growing demand from African countries that have never practiced major arms purchases before. But now such states as Uganda, Cameroon, Angola, are buying weapons from Russia for hundreds of millions of dollars.

- How did Western sanctions, including a ban on the delivery of dual-use technologies to Russia, affect arms exports? And did the gap in cooperative ties with Ukraine affect him?

“I don’t know the specific cases of the breakdown of export contracts due to the suspension of cooperation with Ukraine, but theoretically they could be in the segments of aviation weapons, helicopter engineering and shipbuilding. But it seems to me that the Ukrainian embargo does not extend in most cases to export transactions, but concerns only the production of weapons and military equipment in the interests of the Russian law enforcement agencies. The same applies to the impact of Western sanctions on our arms market.

- How can you assess the scandalous situation with the “Mistrals” - who in the end won, and who lost?

- In my opinion, both sides lost. I have always been a supporter of the acquisition of the “Mistral” by the Russian Navy, although I agree with the opinion of some of my colleagues that these ships are not a priority compared to the purchases of patrol ships, minesweepers and submarines. Nevertheless, I am convinced that a balanced fleet must have in its composition the means of long-distance projection of force. However, the loss of Russia as a result of the cancellation of the transaction is less than the French costs. In the end, Russia received its money back: according to my French sources, the refund amount was 1,168 billion dollars. The experience of cooperation with the French shipbuilders also gained. At the same time, we avoided the risks associated with the operation of these ships. For example, no one imagined the full cost of such exploitation. And in the current economic situation, this is not an idle question. France suffered serious financial and image losses. In addition to the already returned funds, the French will have to spend money on maintaining in a normal state both Mistral. The French Navy does not need these ships, and selling them for export will be very difficult.

- How is our military-technical cooperation with Syria, Iran and other regimes that have difficult relations with the West?

- It is clear that after three years of civil war, Syria, almost already destroyed as a state, does not have the resources to purchase expensive aircraft platforms and new air defense systems. For this reason, even the transfer of already contracted and partially paid armaments - the MiG-29M and S-300PMU fighters did not take place. I think that now the Syrians are most in need of ammunition, ammunition, light and small arms, communications equipment and drones. I believe that in some of these segments cooperation between Russia and Syria takes place. As for Iran, then, as is known, an embargo of the UN Security Council on the supply of arms operates against this country. The question of resuming the project to sell our anti-aircraft missile systems to Iran, which are not subject to the UN embargo, is currently being discussed. Probably, in the near future the corresponding contract will be concluded. As for the prospects of military-technical cooperation between Russia and Iran after the lifting of UN restrictions, I am afraid that Beijing, not Moscow, will become Tehran’s preferred partner in this area.
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49 comments
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  1. Evilcat
    Evilcat 29 August 2015 14: 49 New
    +3
    A serious topic, but the author’s attitude to it, no.
    Russian arms exports expect stagnation or even drop in sales
    What is stagnation? But stagnation is a state of the economy characterized by stagnation of production and trade over a long period. According to the author, it turns out that the stagnation of trade is not at all a drop in sales, but rather trifles. It’s not for nothing that it’s emphasized even a drop in volumes!
    1. shans2
      shans2 29 August 2015 14: 56 New
      +2
      but minus the competitor who sells old Soviet weapons is what is now called Ukraine), and then, the demand for weapons in the world grows, Russia offers what others cannot offer, pessimism is not based on something real, thanks to recent investments in Machinery fleet and in the development of new weapons, Russia will only strengthen its influence and share in the arms market.
    2. Tambov Wolf
      Tambov Wolf 29 August 2015 16: 35 New
      +4
      The author is a liberoid. What do you want from him. And we have a legion at the helm. Therefore, everything dies, nobody needs it.
      1. Vadivak
        Vadivak 29 August 2015 21: 37 New
        +2
        Quote: Tambov Wolf
        The author is a liberoid. What do you want from him. And we have a legion at the helm. Therefore, everything dies, nobody needs it.


        I wouldn’t be in such a hurry

        Here is an excerpt from his interview on Echo of Moscow
        Presenter: Natella Boltyanskaya
        You know, a few days ago I watched an Israeli TV channel broadcast, and there was a report that was rather sad about how Katyusha got into a nursing home in Nahariya, where there are a lot of people from Russia. And the correspondent sadly said that once they themselves, so to speak, used these “Katyushas”. And now?

        R. PUKHOV: Well, you know, there is some kind of cunning here. Let's start with the fact that any pipe where gunpowder is poured and which was thrown along the rail rail there is called “Katyusha”. And ending with, well, of course, now that has affected the Israelis. And when in the 99th the Serbs were bombed, it was somehow not visible that someone there, in Israel, would wring their hands with a loud cry: “These people were bombed in the 41st, 42nd, 43rd, they are being bombed in the 99th! ” Therefore, I'm not talking about the fact that the Israelis actually supported the same Islamists in Bosnia at the initial stage, until they realized what kind of monster it was. The Israelis, they are pragmatists, so you should always remember this.

        In my answer that I thought. Without any liberalism. Although my point of view is different
    3. anokem
      anokem 29 August 2015 17: 18 New
      +4
      I think that Moscow, after all, will not be the main supplier of arms to Iran, but not Beijing. China is trying to maintain a more neutral position and will not annoy Chapad with the supply of strategic weapons to Iran. China has something to lose in relations with the West.
      1. Vadivak
        Vadivak 29 August 2015 21: 38 New
        +3
        Quote: anokem
        I think that Moscow will still be the main supplier of weapons to Iran,


        It seems to me to race, and then how it goes
    4. APASUS
      APASUS 29 August 2015 19: 51 New
      +3
      Quote: EvilCat
      A serious topic, but the author’s attitude to it, no.

      Ruslan Pukhov simply described the general problems of our defense industry, exports are limited to 5-6 countries, almost 90% of the weapons for export come from the USSR, the percentage of joint developments is minimal, modern weapons have not yet arrived in the army and it is too early to talk about exports. We have an import substitution program. we do not have breakthrough technologies although for example we could become the ancestor of a whole direction in armament - ekranoplans in military performance.
      In fact, if in the near future there will be no real action on the part of our defense industry, we will give way
      1. Oleko
        Oleko 29 August 2015 21: 20 New
        +1
        Just a question: (without any sarcasm and grins) Do you really think that we do not have new breakthrough technologies?
        1. APASUS
          APASUS 29 August 2015 22: 02 New
          0
          Quote: Oleko
          Just a question: (without any sarcasm and grins) Do you really think that we do not have new breakthrough technologies?

          As I understand it, this question is addressed specifically to me.
          Let's first determine the importance of breakthrough technologies in armament for you, that the dialogue went in one direction.
      2. The comment was deleted.
      3. Vadivak
        Vadivak 29 August 2015 21: 40 New
        +1
        Quote: APASUS
        We do not have new breakthrough technologies, although for example we could become the ancestor of a whole direction in armament - ekranoplans in military execution.


        Dig in the Soviet, I think breakthrough technologies in Russia as fools for a hundred years in stock
        1. APASUS
          APASUS 29 August 2015 23: 02 New
          0
          Quote: Vadivak
          Quote: APASUS
          We do not have new breakthrough technologies, although for example we could become the ancestor of a whole direction in armament - ekranoplans in military execution.


          Dig in the Soviet, I think breakthrough technologies in Russia as fools for a hundred years in stock

          So as not to crush the water in a mortar, voice the first ten
          1. Vadivak
            Vadivak 30 August 2015 13: 56 New
            +1
            Quote: APASUS
            So as not to crush the water in a mortar, voice the first ten

            Koala, SVBR, Spiral, Object 2014-28E, SLK 1K11, Skif combat complex, Mina PVM, product 1A, Berezhnoy, by the way, blew up a bundle wrapped in a newspaper and rushed into the car. The driver miraculously survived and left the car.
            1. APASUS
              APASUS 30 August 2015 18: 15 New
              0
              Quote: Vadivak
              Quote: APASUS
              So as not to crush the water in a mortar, voice the first ten

              Koala, SVBR, Spiral, Object 2014-28E, SLK 1K11, Skif combat complex, Mina PVM, product 1A, Berezhnoy, by the way, blew up a bundle wrapped in a newspaper and rushed into the car. The driver miraculously survived and left the car.

              Some strange you presented breakthrough technologies. I took only the first two.
              1
              The construction of the pilot industrial unit with the SVBR-100 reactor facility is scheduled for 2016–2017, the physical and power start-up of the OPEB is scheduled for 2018. A number of serious errors were made in the design of the reactor plant of OKB Gidropress, as well as in the development of project documentation JSC "Leading Institute" VNIPIET. The economic performance of the power unit with RU SVBR-100 was uncompetitive. To date, the operating organization OJSC AKME-engineering has actually collapsed, creating a lot of debts to the co-executors. OJSC OKB Gidropress filed lawsuits because of non-payment of work performed to AKME-engineering OJSC, a trial is currently underway (experts report that the chances of winning the case against OJSC OKB Gidropress are great).

              2
              On December 13, 2012, the representative of the ICD "Rainbow" in an interview with the newspaper Izvestia stated the following:
              GELA has been “out of date for 10 years” and “no prototypes have been produced there.” The design bureau does not know about any experimental flights.
              - Perhaps, colleagues from TsAGI are talking about a formal decision, because the closure of the project is already a fait accompli. We have not been working with him for 10 years, ”he said.

              I did not look further ...........
    5. hydrox
      hydrox 29 August 2015 21: 11 New
      +1
      Quote: EvilCat
      According to the author, it turns out that the stagnation of trade is not at all a drop in sales, but rather trifles.

      You are right: in my opinion, Russia would not have been hindered by the new executive director of the Union of Gunsmiths, but even more so the chief system analyst of this specific body. Such that he was not a downy liberal (like a plush!), But bristled with steel needles (like Putin) ...
      With such systematic analytics (with pants down), Russia will lose this market faster than Rogozin (what a slug he warmed up!) With such functionaries, this market is faster than the PRSRPA than then conquer!
  2. 222222
    222222 29 August 2015 14: 59 New
    0
    NUMBER OF ARMED CONFLICTS STABLE GROWTH
    Dmitry Tselikov - June 29, 2011

    A study conducted by the universities of Warwick (Great Britain) and Humboldt (Germany) showed that the frequency of wars between states from 1870 to 2001 grew by an average of 2% per year.

    Scientists believe that the main reasons were economic growth and the emergence of new borders.

    From the layman’s point of view, between the Second World War and the war on terrorism, the world enjoyed a period of relative lull. This is not true. From 1870 to 1913, an average of six conflicts broke out a year, there were already 17 between the world wars, 31 in the Cold War era, and 1990 in the 36s ... "
    ... the trend continues ... and even shows growth. which means .. weapons will be in demand ..
  3. yushch
    yushch 29 August 2015 15: 02 New
    +3
    Why is it that a lot of respected expert does not touch upon another important point in our export is the exchange rate of the ruble against the dollar. And this is a very significant point, as a result of the strengthening of the dollar against the ruble, Russia at a price of some exported goods began to outperform even China. And often for some arms exporters, the price comes first, due to lack of funds.
    1. NordUral
      NordUral 29 August 2015 19: 35 New
      +1
      Duck can return to gifts, as in the days of the USSR. At our expense with you.
    2. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 29 August 2015 23: 47 New
      +2
      Quote: yushch
      And often for some arms exporters, the price comes first, due to lack of funds.

      Well, is that just that? It seems to me that the Saudis "will not stand behind the price" ... And here is a very recent opinion of the author on the issue of arms exports:
      Compared to American weapons, Russian models are easier to manufacture, cheaper and more affordable for end users. This statement was made in early August by the director of the Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies Ruslan Pukhov. According to the analyst, this is very important, since in many states people who do not yet have higher education and special training are called up for military service. The expert believes that not everyone is able to cope with American weapons, which can not be said about Russian.
      “We joke about some Western models: they are beautiful, but to work with them you need to finish Harvard. American fighters can be compared to a Swiss watch, and Russian fighters to tanks. What would you prefer to fight: for hours or tanks? ”, The expert told the Rossiyskaya Gazeta correspondent.
      http://www.popmech.ru/weapon
      1. yushch
        yushch 30 August 2015 00: 21 New
        0
        Now China is increasing arms exports. About America, I generally keep quiet with their prices; only NATO countries or “allies” who completely depend on the States like Saudis and Co. buy weapons from them. But the Chinese offer weapons with worse performance, but cheaper. And some not-so-rich buying countries are driven at a price higher than the best features and reliability.
  4. Inok10
    Inok10 29 August 2015 15: 02 New
    +5
    ..there is nothing, in general .. not a candle to God, not a poker line .. general reasoning .. hi
  5. plotnikov561956
    plotnikov561956 29 August 2015 15: 11 New
    +5
    .... I have always been a supporter of the acquisition of Mistral by the Russian Navy,
    The key phrase of Mr. Pukhov, it seems that this gentleman cares more for France and the United States
    1. kotvov
      kotvov 29 August 2015 19: 06 New
      +1
      scandalous story with the Mistrals. ,,
      Well, yes, and I was surprised by the reasoning of this gentleman. Our weapons and with something, the Mistral, it’s still not known who framed someone. For such experts: we sell a lot, badly, we sell a little too.
  6. grigorii
    grigorii 29 August 2015 15: 14 New
    0
    Somehow it became alarming from this article.
    1. NordUral
      NordUral 29 August 2015 19: 38 New
      -1
      It is not necessary to worry, but it is necessary to create an industry that will almost completely work OUR country and partially for the allies. Export is needed only because of the need for modernization, but they are constant, and there will be no goods for those goods that we neither in nature nor in industry.
    2. Vladimir 1964
      Vladimir 1964 29 August 2015 20: 02 New
      0
      Gregory, don’t worry, the article is empty, not reasoned and very superficial. Maybe the author has some knowledge in this area, but he did not demonstrate them in the article.
  7. Maxim Shilin
    Maxim Shilin 29 August 2015 15: 17 New
    +1
    The author is lying like breathing, the only question is why
  8. northerner lech
    northerner lech 29 August 2015 15: 44 New
    +2
    The author is a little disingenuous. After the big fox, stagnation awaits the entire arms market. Even if it does without a long kernel, the war will end with t-55,64,72 and Kalash. Well, and then it will start all over again. The growth of the arms market, etc. etc. The round of war in nature.
  9. BARMEN628651
    BARMEN628651 29 August 2015 15: 51 New
    +3
    Another mishandled western cossack got out.
  10. pts-m
    pts-m 29 August 2015 16: 02 New
    +3
    experienced patriots of merchants weren’t missing. those who looked only in their pockets came from this and the consequences.
  11. 17085
    17085 29 August 2015 16: 13 New
    +3
    ... eScho Adin Expert

    Pull the thread ...?

    Oh ... come up with. In view of Russian counter-sanctions, NATO troops are awaiting the delivery of new cheese tanks with jamon engines on apple juice.

    Mr. Pukhov, occupying such a post, should deal with the matter, and not carry balcony. If you expect a decrease in sales - you need to kick you, this is your job so as not to "stagnate".
  12. VladimS
    VladimS 29 August 2015 16: 20 New
    +4
    Summarizing the author.
    Yes, exports are stable and growing.
    But all the same, everything is bad: it was, is and will be in the defense industry.
    I am not aware of any specific cases of the failure of export contracts due to a halt in cooperation with Ukraine, but theoretically these may be in the segments of aviation weapons, helicopters and shipbuilding. But it seems to me that the Ukrainian embargo in most cases does not apply to export transactions, but only applies to the production of weapons and military equipment in the interests of Russian law enforcement agencies. The same applies to the impact of Western sanctions on our arms market.


    In my opinion, both sides lost. I have always been a supporter of the acquisition of Mistral by the Russian Navy, although I agree with the opinion of some of my colleagues that these ships are not a priority compared to the procurement of patrol ships, minesweepers and submarines.


    Drive this filthy broom.
  13. NordUral
    NordUral 29 August 2015 19: 30 New
    0
    This is a natural process, it is a pity that the Russian authorities do not understand this. Countries familiar as importers for our weapons are divided into two groups. the first, like China and India, already themselves go out or go into their own production, even development, and not just assembly under licenses or copying. The second group - countries with insufficient payment opportunities. You need to work very carefully with them. And the farther, the more countries will switch to their own production. Not to mention our main competitors, who also do not sit quietly in place.
    We need an economy oriented first of all to our own consumption, that of group B, that of group A. At the same time, export positions are not denied, but one should not rely too much on export, while squeezing the maximum for modernization.
  14. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 29 August 2015 20: 11 New
    +2
    As it says "stagnates with 2012-2013" g And before that, who noticed? I do not like the article! Nothing!
  15. 1536
    1536 29 August 2015 20: 37 New
    +2
    Gradually, those who, apparently, were at the forefront of the Mistral deal appear. We will buy something else from the French and bring them to the first place in the arms trade. Morning nose to the Americans!
  16. Oleko
    Oleko 29 August 2015 22: 29 New
    0
    Quote: APASUS
    As I understand it, this question is addressed specifically to me. Let us first determine the importance of breakthrough technologies in armament for you, that the dialogue went in one direction.


    This question is for you. Somewhere, in the year 2003, I read an article on nanotechnology. It was said that if in the near future nanomanipulators can transform sand, say Sahara, into water. (Moreover, they seriously say that these manipulators can clone themselves yourself exponentially). So these manipulators can do and vice versa. Turn water into sand. Story? Well no. By breakthrough technologies, I also include the psychotronic effect on the personality. Generators. Yes, and other studies. There was an article about breakthrough technologies (and these are weapons, read, the 6th generation), which said that the main countries in the field of breakthrough technologies are Russia, Germany and the USA
    1. Felix
      Felix 29 August 2015 22: 50 New
      +2
      Quote: Oleko
      It was said there that if in the near future nanomanipulators can transform sand, say Sahara, into water (and, moreover, they seriously say that these manipulators can clone themselves exponentially). So these manipulators can do and vice versa. Turn water into sand. Story? Well no.

      Of course not a fairy tale, but the whole film Danelia, Kin-dza-dza called. Only there they made luc from water, and then - on the contrary, from luc - water. And so - yes, everything is true! hi
      1. Oleko
        Oleko 29 August 2015 23: 25 New
        +1
        Earlier there was a film about nanotechnology and nanotechnology. Called "Old Man Hottabych." Just kidding. What I said about sand is not my invention. This is from the article. And if there is development, then certainly not in Skolkovo, in Chubais. By the way, I watched the program "Military Acceptance" about the latest developments of electronic warfare equipment, and they said that a weapon is being tested that, by radiation, drives the enemy’s l / s crazy. Who are they testing on? I do not know. Maybe on the “guys” from the “black dolphin”. And in the film Danelia shows one of the options for the future of our Planet. After all, they all possessed parapower. and finally, on August 20, 2006, in the program “Military Secret”, Natalya Petrovna Bekhtereva personally said that she had seen how a seventy-year-old man turned into a forty-year-old man in a few minutes before her eyes. Like this.
      2. The comment was deleted.
    2. APASUS
      APASUS 29 August 2015 23: 36 New
      0
      Quote: Oleko
      This question is for you. Somewhere, in the year 2003, I read an article on nanotechnology. It was said that if in the near future nanomanipulators can transform sand, say Sahara, into water. (Moreover, they seriously say that these manipulators can clone themselves yourself exponentially). So these manipulators can do and vice versa. Turn water into sand. Story? Well no.

      Quartz sand is a natural mineral whose chemical formula is SiO2 (silicon dioxide). The mineral contains almost no impurities, only about 0,5% can be foreign inclusions, such as Fe2O3, Al2O3, the clay component, as well as Li2O, K2O, Na2O, CaO, MgO, TiO2. I don’t understand what manipulations crystal lattice can occur under the influence of nanomanipulators in order to turn silicon atoms into hydrogen atoms. Sound at your leisure please
      Quote: Oleko
      There was an article about breakthrough technologies (and these are weapons, read, the 6th generation), which said that the main countries in the field of breakthrough technologies are Russia, Germany and the USA

      Core 6 technological structure:
      1 nanoelectronics
      2 molecular and nanophotonics
      3 nanomaterials and nanostructured coatings
      4 nanosystem technology.
      5 biotechnologies
      6 nanobiotechnology
      7 information technology
      8 cognitive sciences
      9 social humanitarian technologies
      10 convergence of nano, bio, info and cognitive technologies (the so-called NBIX convergence)
      Shine the foolish in whom specific place we are ahead of the rest
      1. Oleko
        Oleko 30 August 2015 01: 21 New
        0
        Combination of paragraphs 3 and 5 (nanostructured coatings and biotechnology): a tight-fitting diving suit (Shahrazad), a swimmer is able to swim at a freezing temperature for several hours. The body is heated and lactic acid removed from the swimmer’s muscles by Shahrazad. There are no analogues.
        Combination of 6 and 7. Created training programs for the development of hand-to-hand combat. Using nanobiotechnology, a fighter after several hours (HOURS!) Of training in combat masters the most sophisticated equipment and is capable of striking with both his leg and arm with the speed of passage of an electrical impulse through nerve fibers (100 m / s). There are no analogues.
  17. Cat man null
    Cat man null 29 August 2015 22: 36 New
    +2
    Quote: Oleko
    Somewhere, in the year 2003, I read an article on nanotechnology. It was said that if in the near future nanomanipulators can transform sand, say Sahara, into water. (Moreover, they already seriously say that these manipulators can clone themselves yourself exponentially). So these manipulators can do and vice versa. Turn water into sand. Story? Well no.

    Mdya ... "Monsieur understands ..." sand is mainly SiO2; water is H2O ..

    Well, okay .. oxygen is both there and there .. but here's how to turn a silicon molecule into 4 hydrogen molecules .. and vice versa ..

    There are no words request
    1. Oleko
      Oleko 29 August 2015 23: 34 New
      0
      Nanomanipulators and rearrange molecules. At the atomic level.
      1. Cat man null
        Cat man null 29 August 2015 23: 47 New
        +1
        Quote: Oleko
        Nanomanipulators and rearrange molecules. At the atomic level.

        - this alone is crap. There is not atomic, there is a subatomic level. The challenge is "out of four molecules hydrogen atoms to form one silicon atom "..
        - by the way - the molecular mass of hydrogen is 1, silicon is 28. Nanomanipulators will not converge mathematics

        Rjunimagu from this branch ..
  18. Felix
    Felix 29 August 2015 22: 46 New
    -1
    Arms supply is one side of the coin, but there is also service for already delivered weapons! Therefore, it seems to me that poverty and stagnation certainly does not threaten our defense industry.
  19. Stiletto_711
    Stiletto_711 29 August 2015 22: 52 New
    0
    But it seems to me that the Ukrainian embargo does not apply in most cases to export transactions, but only applies to the production of weapons and military equipment in the interests of Russian law enforcement agencies

    Exactly - it seems.
  20. poquello
    poquello 29 August 2015 23: 42 New
    +1
    In the coming years, France will strengthen its market position.

    Type a country crap with the supply of weapons will strengthen its position, expert.
    IMHO growth will be Russian weapons. would be willing to have money, or what to offer.
  21. cergey51046
    cergey51046 30 August 2015 00: 20 New
    +1
    The best weapons in the world, they will always be bought at affordable prices. Especially C300 and C400, not talking about electronic warfare.
  22. Oleko
    Oleko 30 August 2015 01: 24 New
    +1
    Russia is not predictable
  23. pavelty
    pavelty 31 August 2015 13: 13 New
    0
    What do you gentlemen, Ruslan attacked, in general, a normal personal opinion on the situation, he understands the issue better than some commentators, and as far as I know to the so-called. "liberoids" never had a relationship
  24. Mentat
    Mentat 1 September 2015 21: 12 New
    0
    in the near future, it will be France that will become the second world arms exporter, pushing our country aside.

    Uncle raves, if very briefly.
  25. Mentat
    Mentat 1 September 2015 21: 17 New
    0
    Quote: Cat Man Null
    this alone is crap. There is not atomic, there is a subatomic level.

    You are in a hurry again, Manul)
    The level is just atomic. At the subatomic level, little robots will learn to manipulate matter far beyond the foreseeable future (if this happens at all).