“But we could not do otherwise. We loved our homeland "
In July of this year, 20 turned years since the formation of a small Rostov club, whose activities throughout this time left a noticeable mark. Here on this "trace" we will pass a little today. After all, it is precisely such clubs where not only veterans constantly work, but also representatives of different generations, gradually become the moral backbone on which the spiritual education of young people rests.
Testament of the Young Guard
It all started with the documents that they showed me in the city club "Patriot". It was a testament to the young generation of the third millennium, which was dictated by the last young guard Vasiliy Levashov of 22 June of 2001. Already 10 July of that year, he will die.
"... Now we are trying to blame our enthusiasm and sacrifices made in the name of the prosperity of the Motherland. But we could not do otherwise. We loved our Homeland ... For today's youth, these are pages stories. And it is necessary to recreate these pages, telling about everything that our people experienced during the difficult years of the war, truthfully proving why and for the sake of what people gave their lives, not for a moment forgetting about the living, whom they wrote words of greetings like did the Young Guard. "
Among his few comrades, Levashov escaped death, voluntarily joined the Soviet Army, and fought from the Donbass to Berlin. On the walls of the defeated Reichstag wrote the names of his fallen comrades.
This text of the address in the club "Patriot" is kept with special care also because Levashov considered the military-patriotic and moral education as his life duty. Repeatedly Vasily Ivanovich came to Rostov and made his great personal contribution to the creation of the Young Guard museum at school number XXUMX.
Created on the ruins
It turned out that the Patriot club is the oldest urban organization that was officially established in July 1993 of the year and was registered in the justice department of the Rostov region administration, as a public organization of veterans and youth in the city of Rostov-on-Don. The founders of the club became the Rostov regional and city councils of war veterans, labor, the Armed Forces and law enforcement agencies and the city committee on youth affairs. It should be understood that in the year 1993 they did not create, but, on the contrary, destroyed the remnants of the state patriotic education.
The club received the status of a full-fledged public organization with its Charter, seal, and everyone who joined the club ranks was given a badge and a certificate with the right to represent the interests of the club in state, commercial and public organizations.
At the origins of the club was a member of the Great Patriotic War, the commander of the armored train "For the Motherland!", A retired lieutenant colonel A.N. Yenin. In total, the club initially included 20 people - representatives of veterans and young people.
At the first constituent assembly, it was decided to give the name: "Rostov city club of veterans and youth" Patriot ". And in the Charter developed by the club, the main goals and tasks were defined that did not change over the course of 20 years and are consistently fulfilled: military-patriotic, moral and cultural education of the young generation; transfer of the best traditions of young people in labor and protection of the Fatherland; assistance to veterans' organizations and schools in carrying out work on the proper care and maintenance of military burials, monuments, obelisks, memorial plaques, the creation of museums and corners of history, military and labor glory in the scientific institutions of the city.
And, of course, from the very first days of the club's work, contacts were established with schools, technical schools, vocational schools, and military units of the Rostov garrison. Club members began to regularly speak to schoolchildren, students, young warriors, tell them the truth about the war, about restoring the country in the postwar years, about heroism from parents, grandparents at the front and in the rear, conduct lessons of courage, thematic evenings and meetings, scientific -search regional conferences, quizzes, various contests, song and drawing festivals; to make excursions and trips to the places of battles during the war years, to museums with children and teachers; Conscientiously with the employees of the military registration and enlistment offices, hand over bonded certificates to senior pupils at school meetings.
Memory of armored trains
At the suggestion of the commissioner of the armored train, the first chairman of the Patriot club Enin, and the fighter of the armored train Kupritsa, it was decided to perpetuate the memory of the crews of armored trains who participated in the battles with the fascist invaders in the Don, Kuban, and North Caucasus.
Based on archival materials, the club ordered 12 memorial plaques. And the members of the modeling circle at the Rostov Children's Railway named after Yuri Gagarin were commissioned to produce 12 armored train models. This task was performed by young railway workers with great interest, diligently and, most importantly, in due time.
The installation of these memorial plaques and the presentation of the mock-ups were held in a festive atmosphere in Rostov, Taganrog, Novocherkassk, Aksai, Tikhoretsk, Timoshevsk, Novorossiysk, Proletarsk, at Gornaya station. Until that time, few people knew that it was here that the main forces of armored trains were concentrated mainly.
A year later, another event was organized by the Patriot Club with the support of the Ministry of Railways of the Russian Federation and the veteran organization of the North Caucasus Railway - this is the All-Russian meeting of soldiers of armored trains with young people from Rostov, Bryansk and other cities of Russia.
How do they plan their work
By organizing patriotic educational work with young people, the club seeks to diversify the events held to the maximum, to make them interesting, attractive and memorable, to avoid stamps and templates.
And in order to organize and have a good event, you need a clear planning. Usually it is planned for the year. In this regard, they are trying to envisage all the main issues that the club’s team has to resolve during the year. The plan sets deadlines and identifies specific performers responsible for a particular item of the plan.
After drawing up and discussing the annual plan at the board meeting, it is considered and approved at the club-wide meeting, and then signed by the club chairman and becomes the guide to action.
But sometimes it happens that it is necessary to hold some important event, which earlier was not envisaged in the annual plan. Then a concrete work plan is drawn up for this event.
"Do we need the help of veterans ..."
Of course, not always everything goes smoothly in the activities of the club. Once, in one of the schools of the city, a front-line tanker Yakov Arsentievich Velichko, when he came to conduct a lesson of courage in the class over which he walked, one of the young teachers said: "We, besides educational work, conduct educational work and whether is veteran help here? "
The head of education of the city was informed about this episode and it was decided to issue a special order, according to which the school principals are required to ensure constant contact with the Patriot bast, including during mass events. A list is attached to this document, which of the club members to which school is assigned to conduct educational work among schoolchildren. This order is distributed to all schools.
Now, the school leaders themselves or their deputies for educational work often call the club chairman or a veteran assigned to their school and invite them to a meeting with the children for a particular school holiday.
Many club members patronize not only the school as a whole, but also conduct educational work with individual classes, individually work with lagging, “difficult” adolescents.
So, on the initiative of Boris Petrovich Sobkalov, in the Sovetsky district of the city, the program “Don-Udaltsy” was created for high school students of pre-draft age. Here, the guys learn everything that may occur in the army. The program includes: air rifle shooting, overcoming obstacles with an automaton dummy, putting on a gas mask, crawling in an anthropogenic manner and in a gas mask, an obstacle course, somersaults, throwing darts at a target, moving weights (24 kilogram), running a crossbar.
Classes with "dont-udaletsy" are held with a spacious gymnasium secondary school number XXUMX, and in good weather - in the air. Officers of the military registration and enlistment office and veteran front-line soldiers are engaged with advocates.
The truth about the war
Conducting courage lessons and conversations with schoolchildren, young soldiers, veterans with concrete examples, figures and facts show the decisive role of the Soviet people and army in defeating the Nazis, which on the Soviet-German front acted from 200 to 270 divisions, while against the Anglo -American troops fought total 50-60 divisions. And that the second front against the Germans was opened only in July 1944, when the outcome of the war was already predetermined.
Members of the Patriot club strongly opposed falsifiers like Rezun, who in his books distorted the truth about the war and distorted the role of commanders.
Also at meetings and speeches before young people and veterans, authors of books on the history of the Russian state Kreder and Utkin are discussed, whose books, published with funds from the American businessman Soros, distort the history. A proposal is made to take measures to stop the publication of such “works”, to prevent them from going to school libraries, which causes great damage to the patriotic education of young people and contradicts the State program on the patriotic education of citizens.
The “Black Book of Communism”, published by foreign authors in 1997 in Paris and reprinted in Russian with the assistance of the Union of Right Forces in 2001 in Moscow, caused particular indignation and indignation at the Patriot club. Released in copies of thousands of copies 100, it was intended for school, university, rural libraries.
The younger generation listens to war veterans and believes them, the living, the real participants of a real war. Therefore, it is not by chance that boys and girls, students, young soldiers attentively listen to the memories of retired colonel V.A. Petrov, lieutenant colonel in retirement G.G. Nikanorov about how they in November 1945, stormed Berlin and signed on the Reichstag. Retired Major B.D. Baranchikov told how, in one of the battles, he, being a reconnaissance artilleryman, summoned our artillery fire on himself to destroy the fascists who had surrounded the regimental headquarters. The younger generation is more credible to the testimony of the tanker, retired colonel N.A. Achkasov, who in February 1943, liberated the city of Rostov from the Nazis, the capital of the Don.
The children of the story of the member of the board of the club, the former prisoner of the Nazi concentration camps Stutthof and Maunhausen EV are well remembered by the children. Moiseyev, who during the war in 1942, a fifteen-year-old teenager was hijacked from Rostov to fascist penal servitude in Germany, suffered torments and harassment from German jailers, unbearable hard labor, undermined his health. His stories about the atrocities of the Nazis in the concentration camps evoke anger and hatred for the fascist enslavers who destroyed Soviet and foreign citizens (an article on this topic called “15 years. My number 75 949” was published on the website “Military Review”).
A lot of interesting things about how young partisans and Don underground fighters heroically fought against the fascist invaders during the Great Patriotic War, students of Rostov schools learned after meeting with a member of the Novoshakhtinsk youth underground group Valentina Ilyinichna Zhitkova, who was awarded to participate in the fight against invaders in the occupied the territory of the Order of the Patriotic War and the medal "For Military Merit."
And Nina Andreyevna Boyko, a veteran of the military rear, at meetings with young people, as in the difficult years of the war, women, children and teenagers worked in the fields and factories replacing the men who had gone to the front. She herself worked as a girl in the shops at military factories producing optical instruments for guns, gas masks and other products for the army in the field.
Front-line soldiers who have gone through fights from the Caucasus to Prague, retired colonel Lev Alekseevich Khabalov, who worked in military time for school for more than 20 years at military school No. XXNX, have a special prestige among high school students of military age, cadets of military schools and young soldiers of the Rostov garrison. And now his front-line memories, stories about the main battles during the war years, supported by schemes, posters, maps of military actions, are long remembered.
- Polina Efimova