Military Review

Beyond the Volga there is no land for us

36
Rumor attributes this catch phrase to the legendary sniper Vasily Zaitsev, then the legendary general Vasily Chuykov. The commander himself, however, in his memoirs, asserted that “the words of the people”: “There, in Stalingrad, the soldiers of the 62 Army stand to death. They said: “There is no land for us beyond the Volga!” And they will all perish, but they will keep their word. They will not retreat ”... And in fact, it is not so important who actually said the first phrase. The bottom line is that it turned out to be stronger than any strategy, harder than order No. 227 and brighter than the most fiery political information. “Beyond the Volga there is no land for us!” - an oath of loyalty, organically acceptable at the level of intuition, at the level of “words of the people”. At the level of the national genetic code.

... Events preceding the most ambitious stories battle armies, put the Soviet Union on the brink of a serious military failure. After the Germans cut Barvenkovsky ledge, huge spaces opened up before them - from Kharkov to the banks of the Don, - not protected by almost anything. After a ride on a steamroller over four hundred kilometers, the Germans took Rostov-on-Don. There, Army Group South was split in two: Group A turned to the Caucasus, Group B, which included Friedrich Paulus's 6 Army, rushed to Stalingrad. Taking this city would cut off the south of the USSR, giving Germany control over the Lower Volga and the vast territories of the rich Russian south. And finally, it would be Stalin personally a fascist slap in the face that the Germans, who knew a lot about propaganda and manipulation of the information process, of course, intended to use it.


Friedrich Paulus

Initially, Paulus sent into battle 270 thousand people, three thousand guns, more than 1000 aircraft and up to 700 tanks. The Stalingrad Front could oppose the Germans with 0,5 million people, but with technical equipment it was worse: the troops had 2200 artillery barrels, and the backlog was aviation and the tanks turned out to be even more tangible - 450 and 400 units, respectively.

The first chords of the grand battle raged on 1942 in July at the borders of the Chir River. Using superiority in technology, the Germans managed within ten days to knock down Soviet avant-gardes from positions, break through the front of the main forces, reach the Don in the Golubinsky area and create the threat of a deep breakthrough to Stalingrad, which was the original goal of Hitler’s command. But the stubborn resistance of the Soviet troops (including warmed up by the order “Not one step back!”) Thwarted the plans of the enemy. Instead of a rapid breakthrough, a brutal pushing was achieved; the enemy reached Stalingrad, but not as fast as he wanted. Nevertheless, 23 August tanks went to the Volga and the tractor factory. At the same time, the barbaric bombing by high-explosive and incendiary bombs turned most of the city into ruins - ninety thousand people were killed ... Soviet counterattacks had no decisive success.


View of urban areas in the days of the defense of the city / Photo by Georgy Zelma: TASS photo chronicle

The task of keeping the enemy at the turn of the Don Stalingrad front failed. Commander Vasily Gordov was replaced by Andrei Eremenko, and in two months the front itself underwent a whole series of reorganizations with unbundling, re-subordination and eventually renaming (in September the former Stalingrad became Donskoy, and the new Stalingrad became the former Southeast). At this point, the enemy began to compress the ring, trying to take the city by storm and drop the defenders into the Volga.

Beyond the Volga there is no land for us

17.07.1942 Stalingrad on Fire / RIA News

And here everything went wrong for the Germans. Of course, the experience of street fighting and the soldiers, and the enemy command was; even particularly difficult battles in the conditions of a heavily destroyed city did not seem an insurmountable difficulty ... The Volga was sweeping the whole, from coast to coast, and reinforcements to besieged Stalingrad were already well-worn. Problems should not have arisen, but they arose: our soldiers created them to the enemy. First, they did not want to give up or retreat. The Germans were forced to slowly and painstakingly clean quarter by quarter, so that, after cleansing, the next day they would again find Soviet soldiers there who had repulsed their positions with a counterattack who had made their way through the ruins of the smoke coming through the underground communications. Battles were played out for each house, many of them, like the house of Pavlov, went down in history under the names of their defenders. At the tractor factory, which became the front line, tanks were repaired under shelling; they went into battle straight from the factory gates.


Photo by George Selma: RIA News


Let us return to the chronology of the fall of 1942 ... The tactics of street fighting (if this notion applies to them at all - tactics) dictated their laws, forced the Germans to fight differently than they used to. In conditions when some tens of meters (sometimes even meters!) Separated opponents on both sides of the front line, it was impossible to attract artillery and aviation for support; even small weapon it was not always possible to use in narrow corridors and sewer tunnels - due to the risk of rebound. But in the mass order flamethrowers and “antediluvian” cold weapons went into action - bayonets, knives, improvised batons ... On the streets of Stalingrad, the “war of motors” gave way to the ancient, like the world, hand-to-hand combat. And in open spaces of squares and wastelands snipers reigned.

The moment of truth came in late October - early November. The nightmare of the forty-first winter campaign already loomed before the Germans. They were in a hurry to finish the job, and the Soviet troops in the city were literally at the limit of their abilities. October 14 The 6 Army launched the last spurt. It is unlikely that such a powerful sector of the front was attacked by such powerful forces — the tractor factory and the Barricades factory attacked as many as five divisions, two of which were tank divisions. The thermometer fell below minus fifteen, the defenders lacked ammunition, supplies and, most importantly, people. But what remained of Lieutenant-General Chuikov's 62 Army literally bit into three tiny bridgeheads - the only shreds of land on this, the right bank of the Volga. And on that left, there was no land for them at all.


On photo Chuikov / TASS photo chronicle

By mid-November, the German onslaught was exhausted. And already on the 19 number, the Soviet counteroffensive began.

The command began to plan it back in September, or rather, then it was a hypothetical draft, estimated by Stalin, Zhukov and Vasilevsky in case of a German breakthrough to Stalingrad. In detail, the plan of Operation Uranus (the entourage of the 6 Army in Stalingrad) Headquarters approved on November 13. It was the first of the three parts of the final clash on the banks of the Volga; “Uranus” was followed by operations “Saturn” and “The Ring”.

Having created absolute superiority in the forces and means at the offensive sites, Soviet troops struck from the north (Vatutin) and the south (Eremenko), feeling for the weakest points in the defense of the enemy. It is well known that the main blow was directed at the units of the allies of Germany - the Romanians, who were inferior to the Germans in training, in morale, and in technical equipment. Attempts by Paulus to remedy the situation on the spot were unsuccessful. 23 November red ticks closed around Kalach. Feeling that the case was clearly smell roasted, the German general convinced Hitler to give the go-ahead for a breakthrough from the encirclement. Theoretically, this could have worked and saved the 6 Army, while the throat was still tight, but it meant leaving Stalingrad, and for the Fuhrer the city had long been a matter of prestige. Paulus was promised support from the outside, but neither Manstein, who tried in vain to break through the Soviet ring from Kotelnikov, nor did he attempt to supply the surroundings with the help of an air bridge.

"Uranus" was a success, but still incomplete - it was not possible to smash it straight away, or even to cut and isolate the German parts from each other. Because of this, it was not possible to fully develop the design of Operation Saturn, which had to be limited to the so-called Small Saturn. Instead of a tremendous dash to the west - southwest, right up to Rostov-on-Don, it remained to limit the development of the attack on 100 – 150 – 200 kilometers. Having dispersed the Italian units, the Soviet tankers broke free to the operating room, smashing enemy bases not without success. So, on Catholic Christmas, the corps of Vasily Badanov presented the Germans with a “gift” - they literally rolled out the airfield at Tatsinskaya, destroying up to three hundred enemy aircraft on the ground! When the enemy pulled up reserves and cut off Badanov from his own, the tank crews filled the cars with fuel captured at the airfield and broke through from the encirclement. Unfortunately, the forces for the further development of the success of our troops at that time objectively did not remain, and Paulus, firmly entrenched in Stalingrad, demanded to be reckoned with. At the turn of 1942 – 1943, the front stabilized. "Small Saturn" was completed, the operation "Ring" to eliminate the Wehrmacht's 6 army began.


Calculation of artillery guns firing at the enemy / Photo by George Lipskerova: RIA Novosti

According to the plan, everything had to be completed in a week. But the soldiers of Paulus showed unprecedented fanaticism and - we must pay tribute to the enemy - resilience close to inhuman. In a severe frost, with unsuitable outfit, with supplies tending to zero, with a banal food shortage (reached for cannibalism), the Germans kept to 23 of the day. However, by January 26 it became clear that everything was over for them: Soviet troops were finally able to cut the enemy, joining in the Mamayev Kurgan area. On January 30, Hitler assigned Paulus a field marshal's rank, recalling in a radiogram that not a single German field marshal had ever been captured ... One can understand the feelings of a warlord who is so close to his limit, who was offered a heroic death (or suicide, according to the situation). Anyway, the next day he sent a request to the Soviet headquarters to accept his surrender. February 2 German resistance in Stalingrad ceased.


Inscriptions on the walls of city ruins / Photo by George Zelma: RIA Novosti

For the Reich, it was a disaster - military and moral. More than 90 of thousands of soldiers and officers, 24 general and, of course, field marshal were taken prisoner. The defeat of 1941 – 1942 near Moscow in the winter was painful and unpleasant, the Stalingrad collapse turned out to be deadly humiliating.
Goebbel propaganda denied the surrender of those surrounded in captivity - the 6 Army in full was declared dead, they even staged a sham mourning in Germany. The slap that Hitler was preparing to give to Stalin suddenly turned into a hard slap in front of him ...

... Traditionally, the Battle of Stalingrad is considered a fundamental turning point not only in the Great Patriotic War, but throughout the Second World War. And this, of course, is true from a historical point of view. Made in Stalingrad in the winter was consolidated near Kursk in the summer, the Wehrmacht lost the strategic initiative forever. However, are these words, “a radical change,” enough to describe the full significance of the 1942 event that took place in July — February — 1943? To understand what exactly was born at that moment when Chuikov’s fighters were holding out three tiny springboards of the right bank land? When did the impact forces of Vatutin and Eremenko meet with Kalach? When did the red flag fly over Mamayev Kurgan?

How to convey the feelings that arise when you are standing at the foot of the legendary mound? Two hundred granite steps - like two hundred days of the Battle of Stalingrad - lead to its top, where the 87-meter rises, if you count with the sword raised, eight thousand tons of weighing statue - Motherland. Huge, like our Motherland, inflexible, as the power of its defenders, and reinforced concrete, as the will to win. This, perhaps, the best work of sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich rose above the Mamayev Kurgan in the year 1967 - they built an enormous statue for eight years. The sculpted embodiment of victory, our Samothrace, albeit without wings, but with a head, and here you realize the true scale of the event, not just breaking the war — ingrown into the soul and self-consciousness recorded on the subcortex, which became one of the symbols of the national spirit. No wonder the word "Stalingrad" has become both a household word and international. No, it is not enough just to say - “a radical change”! Historically true, but not enough! For there will always be those who wish to belittle our victory (“they piled up with meat”, “they sent us to fight with bare hands,” and so on and so forth), and the hunters to touch other people's laurels (“but the allies”, “but on other fronts ") ... Yes, it was the same El Alamein, the scale of the Stalingrad crucible -" local conflict ", and with all due respect to the memory of the allied soldiers - the battle that changed the course of history, our soldiers pulled themselves. It is worth recalling to the revisionists that at that time, in 1943, everyone understood perfectly how the era was won. Let us again refer to the collection “Stalingrad. The greatest failure of Hitler ", the words of the Times journalist:" The Red Army is a thinking army, and in the eyes of its fighters you will find inextinguishable curiosity, numerous talents and the capacity for self-sacrifice, steel inherent in the Russian people. " Or the book quotes the British Prime Minister C. Attlee: “It is worth paying tribute to the Soviet military command. They did not create an army of robots, but an army of thinking, enterprising people. ” And let the "radical change" for the revisionists of history sound no stronger than the "Tutsi and Hutu war." But “Stalingrad” is understandable in any language without any explanation.
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  1. bocsman
    bocsman 1 August 2015 06: 10
    +9
    Not only Germany was allowed to wake up ... but to all of Europe! And after that, the old prostitute began to realize that she was serving the wrong thing. And the day of reckoning will come!
    Judging by today's events, they again forgot who the real enemy is! Again, under the Fuhrer lay overseas. Apparently "The lesson is not good"!
    1. MrK
      MrK 2 August 2015 11: 39
      0
      I agree bocsman. Let me add.

      Over the past decades, Europeans have become somewhat weaned from the immediate simplicity of the Slavs, who more than once in history wiped their dirty manure on their well-groomed and well-groomed European faces.
  2. SkiF_RnD
    SkiF_RnD 1 August 2015 07: 43
    +3
    Ask any American who Mamaev Kurgan is. Few will answer you. They know only their victories, they will probably recognize Wake Island, or the "great" assault on some Iwojima.
    1. Rurikovich
      Rurikovich 1 August 2015 08: 12
      +6
      Americans are a consumer society. They made an obedient mass from a whole country, believing in what TV would say. How they can be manipulated, you can look at the grand provocation of September 11, and therefore there is nothing to be surprised that they do not know the real truth about Mamaev Kurgan. And if we were taught to think at school, then they teach us what they think for them. wink
      1. atalef
        atalef 1 August 2015 08: 22
        -8
        Quote: Rurikovich
        Americans are a consumer society

        All consumers, in some sense. You - earn and consume. That is life
        Quote: Rurikovich
        . They made an obedient mass from the whole country, believing in what TV would say

        Damn it, but in Russia - no! It's just that the demonstrations are solid across the country - down from the screen lies the first channel (as an example)
        Quote: Rurikovich
        How they can be manipulated, you can see the grand provocation of September 11

        Well, as I understand it, only you know? Where from? Not with TV? Or did they investigate themselves?
        Quote: Rurikovich
        .Because there is nothing to be surprised that they do not know the real truth about the Mamaev Kurgan.

        Who are the Americans? Yes fuck them Mamaev Kurgan? Without diminishing its significance in * World History *, what do you know about the States, except that they killed all the Indians?
        Quote: Rurikovich
        And if we were taught to think at school, then they teach us what they think for them.

        If they are so stupid, why are they so rich? And how do you like this? it turns out to rule the world?
        1. your1970
          your1970 1 August 2015 09: 31
          +10
          If they are so stupid, why are they so rich? And how do you like this? it turns out to rule the world?

          money to money ©
          We got loot from all over Europe and the USSR - while we (Europe and the USSR) fought, developed industry (Europe and the USSR restored our ruins), imposed a dollar as a means of payment and a trolley rolled down the road to hell ......
          I talked with amers (a long time ago), I knew more about them about the history of the USA (except for the 20th century), I had a Soviet school ...
          1. atalef
            atalef 1 August 2015 09: 49
            -10
            Quote: your1970
            money to money ©

            Nothing (your answer)
            Quote: your1970
            Received loot from all over Europe and the USSR - while we (Europe and the USSR) fought,

            Yes, 70 years have passed, Japan fought, Germany fought, China was in full priest altogether.
            Of course I understand, constancy is a sign of mastery - but ....
            Quote: your1970
            imposed a dollar as a means of payment and a trolley rolled down the road to hell.

            Well, no one shoved anyone forcibly
            Quote: your1970
            I talked with amers (a long time ago), I knew more about them about the history of the USA (except for the 20th century), I had a Soviet school ...

            So how did they, so stupid, manage to launch a man into space and fly to the moon?
            1. Article 2 of the article
              Article 2 of the article 1 August 2015 11: 08
              +3
              80 percent of US scientists are from other countries, there is even such a joke (not without a grain of truth) that Russian professors teach Chinese students. "Exceptional", as always, on the shoulders of others, almost to heaven. If Brown weren't there, I would have seen where they flew, well ... (sorry)
              1. top1
                top1 2 August 2015 10: 52
                -1
                Quote: art. 2 articles
                80 percent of US scientists come from other countries

                Do not fantasize.
                Quote: Article 2
                that Russian professors are teaching Chinese students.

                Only 8,3% of faculty members in the United States are foreigners. At the same time, there are practically no such specialists, immigrants from the USSR (an insignificant percentage). I mean, people who come directly, bypassing education in the United States. The "best in the world" education system in the USSR did not correspond to the world level.
                1. MrK
                  MrK 2 August 2015 11: 34
                  0
                  topу1. In just 20 years of reform, Russia left about 1 200 000 engineers and scientists to work in the USA (only from the military-industrial complex - 80 000 people).
                  [A. Kurlyandchik - “CURSED SOVIET AUTHORITY” ... on Proza.ru]
                  1. top1
                    top1 2 August 2015 12: 37
                    0
                    Quote: mrark
                    topу1. In just 20 years of reform, Russia left about 1 200 000 engineers and scientists to work in the USA (only from the military-industrial complex - 80 000 people).
                    [A. Kurlyandchik - “CURSED SOVIET AUTHORITY” ... on Proza.ru]

                    So what? Does it matter who the New York taxi driver or the hotel doorman used to be? Maybe 120 people and got a job by profession. The rest of the pools are being cleaned. There is no specialty, some "crusts" and show-off. I even know one of those who are so smart. Former 1st secretary of the district committee, by the way.
            2. REZMovec
              REZMovec 1 August 2015 19: 22
              -1
              Not all Americans are of the "Chosen Race")
              All the descendants of the Scots / Irish, African and Latin Americans there clearly know little about the story of arithmetic - their life credo is to eat ... burgers, drink Cola and watch Amerian football ...
              "Chosen" yes, study, grandmothers do on the first, above. For bankers, heads of corporations / concerns / firms /, scientists ... your kind is written to defame and be smart.
              I have no jokes, malice and other things. No offense.
            3. MrK
              MrK 2 August 2015 11: 30
              -1
              Dear Colleagues. I ask "DO NOT FEED TROLLS!" like atalef. Don't get involved.
              Trolls, like cockroaches, cannot be completely washed away.
              They work for the loot.
              Get rid of one, a new one will always come in its place - there are a lot of idiots and sociopaths.
              The worst thing for a troll is when they pay no attention to it.
              The troll will simply get bored and leave for new "pastures".
              But before that, he will come out of his skin in order to still attract attention - personal insults, flood, etc., etc. will be used.
              Best regards
            4. your1970
              your1970 8 August 2015 18: 16
              0
              atalef
              Well, no one shoved anyone forcibly
              Quote: your1970
              No, no, no, no one forcibly, God forbid, didn’t shove, just Germany in 1946 was given a loan in DOLLARS, and in order to more reliably take the occupation troops there and there they moved .............
          2. padded jacket
            padded jacket 1 August 2015 10: 12
            +4
            Quote: your1970
            Received loot from all over Europe and the USSR - while we (Europe and the USSR) fought, developed industry (Europe and the USSR restored our ruins), imposed

            You are absolutely right just if we in the USSR / Russia were taught all our lives about honesty, decency, mutual assistance, compassion for our neighbors, then in the West the cult of the dollar and the shekel was put at the forefront there for valor it was considered to "steal" other people's merits and ideas and appropriate them to ourselves, deceive , to foist money at high interest rates if you don't even need them, to commit any meanness if it is beneficial to you. That's just because they rob and deceive half of the world, they live in abundance. But especially proud that you are a thief and a liar is not worth it.
        2. Rurikovich
          Rurikovich 1 August 2015 13: 35
          0
          Quote: atalef
          If they are so stupid, why are they so rich? And how do you like this? it turns out to rule the world?

          And who said that they rule the world? Did they decide that or you? Should you come up with the rules of the game and play by these rules with yourself or with your assigned "sixes" should cause respect and awe? And who said they were rich ?? Money that costs nothing, but circulates in the world due to circumstances? Because you yourself buy everything for dollars, that's why they go ...
          And what, should I consider Americans the navels of the Earth, because you told me that ?? Or simply because the Americans ordered you to consider them exceptional ...
          But the only difference is that I have the right to choose what to believe. Like any Russian! Therefore, they rallied around GDP in their own mind, and not as they were ordered !!! Unlike the herd of consumers who were ordered to believe that a plane, not a rocket, entered the Pentagon! ... hi
          I believe in what I see, and not in what they say! And the difference is that I can check what I see. wink
        3. dakka-dakka
          dakka-dakka 1 August 2015 20: 49
          0
          comrade! I'm here in the red for more neutral comments left.
        4. 97110
          97110 1 August 2015 22: 15
          0
          Quote: atalef
          If they are so stupid, why are they so rich? And how do you like this? it turns out to rule the world?

          The commander must be smart, and the personnel - physically strong.
        5. SkiF_RnD
          SkiF_RnD 2 August 2015 15: 05
          0
          Who are the Americans? Yes fuck them Mamaev Kurgan? Without diminishing its significance in * World History *, what do you know about the States, except that they killed all the Indians?


          I know disproportionately more about them than you suggested. Not only about the wars and battles of the United States.
      2. SPAAARTAAA
        SPAAARTAAA 1 August 2015 09: 53
        0
        But in Russia everyone knows directly about the Mamaev Kurgan ?! First you need to restore order in your garden, and then look into the next one!
      3. anip
        anip 1 August 2015 17: 50
        +1
        Quote: Rurikovich
        They made an obedient mass from a whole country, believing in what TV would say.

        It wouldn’t be necessary to drag it in here, otherwise I would like to ask: is it not so in Russia? The economy is supported by the sale of resources, the ruble is falling after oil, prices are rising for everything, salaries at many enterprises have been cut, and on TV they say that the sanctions are to blame and the damned State Department, but not Putin and his comrades.
  3. Article 2 of the article
    Article 2 of the article 1 August 2015 08: 17
    +2
    Yes, they have forgotten all the "lessons". I would not like to repeat, but no matter how I have to repeat, only now negligent students should not be forgiven, but punished in full, with a stake! And what is most interesting, they themselves understand what will happen to them and still try to annoy us in some way, but more painful! Once again, we endure, endure, and yet they have examples of when our patience ends! And the phrase: "Guys, let's live together" may be out of date. So that: "Inexpensive gay Europeans, disrespectful Americans, just do not meddle with us, otherwise it will be bad for you and us, and you are several times worse"
    1. atalef
      atalef 1 August 2015 09: 51
      -4
      Quote: Article 2
      but, they have forgotten all the "lessons". I would not like to repeat, but no matter how I have to repeat, only now negligent students should not be forgiven, but punished in full, with a stake

      Are you talking about Germany?
      Quote: Article 2
      Once again, we endure, we endure, and yet they have examples of when our patience ends!

      For example ?
      1. Article 2 of the article
        Article 2 of the article 1 August 2015 10: 35
        0
        I am about the whole of Europe and about Germany in particular, and the most striking example of the end of patience, yes 41-45! Do you think this is not enough?
        1. atalef
          atalef 1 August 2015 11: 02
          +1
          Quote: Article 2
          I am about the whole of Europe and about Germany in particular, and the most striking example of the end of patience, yes 41-45! You think this is not enough

          Patience in what? I dare to remind you that the last echelon for deliveries to Germany (from the USSR) left 4 hours before the start of the war.
          If Hitler hadn’t attacked the USSR, do you think that the USSR would start a war with Germany?
          1. Article 2 of the article
            Article 2 of the article 1 August 2015 11: 47
            +1
            By and large, the USSR was not ready for war, for various reasons, and was not going to attack, until the end they believed in the power of the signed "papers." And they endured Hitler's "pranks" near our borders, there were a lot of provocations, it would be ideal for him to take the first step to the war of the USSR, although this would not change his plans, Jews, Gypsies, Russians were "consumer goods" for him
  4. free
    free 1 August 2015 08: 38
    +1
    fascist bastard on the main page what does?
    1. RiverVV
      RiverVV 1 August 2015 09: 21
      +3
      Let it hang. The people should know those whom he has raped. It's also a story.
    2. Damascus
      Damascus 1 August 2015 19: 18
      0
      It reminds me more of a soldier who took the oath and carried out orders. The fact that he gave up and saved many lives in a sense deserves respect. Not all of their generals were war criminals. Let's look wider.
  5. your1970
    your1970 1 August 2015 09: 32
    0
    but he could have shot himself so as not to disgrace
  6. atos_kin
    atos_kin 1 August 2015 09: 48
    +6
    Now is the time to return to the world map a city named Stalingrad!
  7. parusnik
    parusnik 1 August 2015 10: 33
    +3
    But the soldiers of Paulus showed unprecedented fanaticism and - we must pay tribute to the enemy - resistance, close to inhuman.... I won’t pay tribute .. not fanaticism, understood that there would be no mercy for the crimes committed .. and the fear of punishment ...
    1. Chiropractor
      Chiropractor 1 August 2015 15: 02
      0
      this is like his picture in Suzdal - there on the territory of the Savior-Efimievsky monastery (former and future wink ) from was held captive along with Italian cones ..
  8. shooter cc
    shooter cc 1 August 2015 12: 09
    0
    Initially, Paulus sent into battle 270 thousand people, three thousand guns, more than 1000 aircraft and up to 700 tanks. The Stalingrad Front could oppose the Germans to 0,5 million people, but with technical equipment it was worse: the troops had 2200 artillery barrels, and the lag in aviation and tanks was even more noticeable - 450 and 400 units
    As I understand it, the Soviet troops surpassed the German units, and very significantly.
    1. anip
      anip 1 August 2015 17: 53
      0
      Quote: shooter cv
      As I understand it, the Soviet troops surpassed the German units, and very significantly.

      It must be added: according to the number of people.
  9. moskowit
    moskowit 1 August 2015 14: 31
    +1
    The article is interesting, for the public, knowing little about the Battle of Stalingrad. But I'm not talking about that. I ask dear commentators to pay attention to the photo with armor-piercers. As we see, they are firing from PTRS (Simonova). It was a five-shotgun, but pay attention, packs of three rounds. The second number serves such a pack in the background, too, equipped with three cartridges. Maybe someone will clarify, from experts, the situation ...
    1. Lenivets
      Lenivets 1 August 2015 18: 55
      0
      The charge was made from below, with a metal bundle with five cartridges, staggered.
  10. moskowit
    moskowit 1 August 2015 14: 50
    0
    I also ask the lover of military history to pay attention to the photo of the legendary commander Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov. The photo was taken no later than 6.01.43. Please pay attention to the awards. A year and a half of the war Two orders of the "Battle Red Banner", awarding in 1920 and 1925, the order of "Red Star", awarding in 1940 (for the Finnish war) and a medal for 20 years of the Red Army, awarding in 1938. AND EVERYTHING !!! And now look at the current, peaceful model ... There is nowhere to hang ...
  11. Black cat
    Black cat 1 August 2015 17: 07
    0
    Quote: shooter cv
    Initially, Paulus sent into battle 270 thousand people, three thousand guns, more than 1000 aircraft and up to 700 tanks. The Stalingrad Front could oppose the Germans to 0,5 million people, but with technical equipment it was worse: the troops had 2200 artillery barrels, and the lag in aviation and tanks was even more noticeable - 450 and 400 units

    Most likely not entirely correct numbers. If memory serves, the Germans had an overwhelming superiority in heavy artillery, ours lost theirs in battles in the big bend of the Don. By the way, in terms of propaganda, Stalingrad did not have a strong meaning, it would not have become any "slap in the face" for Stalin, for example, earlier the Germans occupied the city of Stalino (now Donetsk), the name is not the point. Stalingrad was a powerful industrial center of the country, and most importantly, the loss of Stalingrad made communication with the Caucasus and the lower Volga almost impossible, and the Caucasus was the only major source of oil in the USSR at that time.
  12. ivanovbg
    ivanovbg 1 August 2015 21: 05
    0
    Good article. But I did not understand why Paulus is so gloomy. Higher race, Field Marshal laughing
  13. Bijo
    Bijo 2 August 2015 00: 08
    0
    I am afraid to be mistaken, but the words "There is no land for us beyond the Volga", according to one version, belongs to the legendary Vasily
    Zaitsev.
  14. Kirzhak_59
    Kirzhak_59 2 August 2015 03: 44
    -1
    Quote: atalef
    Quote: Rurikovich
    Americans are a consumer society

    All consumers, in some sense. You - earn and consume. That is life
    Quote: Rurikovich
    . They made an obedient mass from the whole country, believing in what TV would say

    Damn it, but in Russia - no! It's just that the demonstrations are solid across the country - down from the screen lies the first channel (as an example)
    Quote: Rurikovich
    How they can be manipulated, you can see the grand provocation of September 11

    Well, as I understand it, only you know? Where from? Not with TV? Or did they investigate themselves?
    Quote: Rurikovich
    .Because there is nothing to be surprised that they do not know the real truth about the Mamaev Kurgan.

    Who are the Americans? Yes fuck them Mamaev Kurgan? Without diminishing its significance in * World History *, what do you know about the States, except that they killed all the Indians?
    Quote: Rurikovich
    And if we were taught to think at school, then they teach us what they think for them.

    If they are so stupid, why are they so rich? And how do you like this? it turns out to rule the world?
  15. Kirzhak_59
    Kirzhak_59 2 August 2015 03: 48
    0
    Quote: Kirzhak_59
    If they are so stupid, why are they so rich?

    What place are they rich? They have a state debt per capita of 54000 Baku !!!
  16. Kirzhak_59
    Kirzhak_59 2 August 2015 04: 00
    0
    We robbed our entire short history and lived at the expense of others. Such a nation does not even exist.
  17. Bassman
    Bassman 2 August 2015 11: 23
    +1
    Those who are interested in the topic of the battles for Stalingrad, recommend an excellent review, analysis with photos and maps.
    http://waralbum.ru/bb/viewtopic.php?id=554
  18. Dema46
    Dema46 2 August 2015 18: 13
    -1
    Speaking of Field Marshal. I read the recollections of a woman doctor. According to her, and she is a urologist, von Paulus is a passive bugger! She helped him clean his ass because of a rectal disease. This surprised her and amused her. Hitler the gay hater would know what a fag he raised.
  19. AAV
    AAV 3 August 2015 12: 18
    0
    Quote: Damask
    Not all of their generals were war criminals. Let's look wider.

    The situation with Paulus, in general, is quite interesting. The Barbarossa plan was developed by him and at the same time
    He was just a witness to the Nuremberg trials, while Keitel and Jodl were sentenced to death.