Military Review

Peace of the Middle Kingdom

26
Peace of the Middle Kingdom


Recently, the State Council of the People's Republic of China published a white paper titled "China's Military Strategy" (WSC). This is the ninth document of this kind, which details the strategic views of the Chinese leadership on the main issues of security and the construction of the Armed Forces. The first white paper on defense and national security issues was published in 1998. Since then, it has been regularly published every two years. As the Chinese authorities say, the PRC publishes the White Paper in order to enable the leadership of various countries of the world to get a completely clear idea of ​​China’s strategic concepts in the military sphere, allay their fears about military threats allegedly from the PRC, and strengthen mutual trust with these countries. . The strategy outlines the main provisions of the military doctrine of the PRC to protect its territory and plans for the development of the Armed Forces. The book, whose volume is 9 thousand characters, consists of a preface and six sections. This document provides a general assessment of the military-political situation in the world, and also formulates the main provisions of China’s military policy and directions for the modernization of the Armed Forces. The preface to the strategy states that Beijing intends to firmly follow the path of peaceful development and implement the concept of “active defense”. This concept, as the authors of the document emphasize, means that China does not intend to attack any country, but reserves the unconditional right to retaliate in the event of aggression. The strategy also notes that Beijing is in no way committed to hegemony and expansion.

SITUATION IN THE WORLD AND SAFETY OF PEKIN

The strategy notes that nowadays the tendencies of the transition to a multipolar world, to economic globalization and the growth of informatization of society are intensifying. The countries of the world are increasingly uniting and acquiring more and more similar goals and objectives. The preservation of peace, internal development, mutually beneficial cooperation and the strengthening of partnerships are becoming the main trends of the current situation on the planet.

However, there are currently significant changes in the international situation. The balance of world forces is changing qualitatively, the institutions of global governance are developing, the strategic situation in the Asia-Pacific region (APR) is acquiring a new character, and the competitive environment in the field of economics, science, technology and military construction is significantly transforming.

In the foreseeable future, Chinese experts say, the probability of a world war is extremely low. However, the aspirations of individual countries to hegemony, to pursue a policy from a position of strength and to intervene in other countries create certain threats to the preservation of a stable situation in the world. There are growing tendencies towards the redistribution of power in various regions, as well as to the violation of the legitimate rights and interests of various peoples. The intensification of terrorism, the emergence of religious contradictions and territorial disputes lead to the emergence of new hot spots on the constantly changing map of the planet. Continuing armed clashes, constant conflicts and frequent crises remain the usual norm for some regions. Therefore, the potential and very real threat of a large-scale war continues.

China’s international status and influence in the international arena continues to grow. The standard of living of the Chinese people is rising and the social climate is stabilizing. China continues to increase its status as a large developing state, its influence on the world arena is growing. But the PRC, as a large developing country, still has to deal with numerous and complex threats to national security, as well as with the growth of external challenges and threats hampering its normal development. Both those and other problems are closely related to each other. Therefore, Beijing has to solve an extremely difficult task of preserving the national identification of the country's population, its territorial integrity and the protection of national interests.

Chinese experts believe that as the Asia-Pacific region is increasingly becoming one of the main centers of the global economy and is becoming increasingly important as an important region that largely determines the stability of the situation in the world, Washington is doing everything possible to increase its influence and implement a strategy of "rebalancing." The United States is constantly expanding its military presence in this part of the world, as well as strengthening existing and trying to create new military alliances.

Japan, in turn, is striving to unmount the system of relations that developed in the APR after World War II. Tokyo is making all possible efforts in this direction, actively changing its military policy and modernizing the Armed Forces, paying increasing attention to regional states.

The VSK says that many countries bordering the PRC in the waters of the South China Sea (SCM) are trying to expand their military presence in the "illegally occupied" Chinese islands, which is a violation of the territorial sovereignty and legitimate maritime rights of the PRC. A number of countries take part in conflicts in the SCM area and conduct maritime and aviation intelligence operations. According to the authors of VSK, the process of fighting for the observance of China's legal rights in the sea will continue for many years to come.

They also note that disputes over land continue to continue. The situation on the Korean Peninsula and in other regions of Northeast Asia remains uncertain and unstable. There has been an increase in the activity of regional terrorism, separatism and extremism, which significantly threaten the stability of the situation in various internal areas of the PRC, where the situation is normal today.

The issues of reunification with Taiwan remain acute. However, the separatist forces and their activities to ensure the independence of Formosa significantly impede the restoration of historical justice.

The extremely problematic issue is the threat of secession of East Turkestan and Tibet from the PRC. In these territories, the separatist movements continue to gain momentum. Terrorist threats are growing in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. Anti-Chinese forces are actively developing plans to implement a color revolution here.

Today, the compilers of the VSK, claim that a world revolution is occurring in military affairs. The armaments and military equipment of many armies are becoming more accurate and long-range, their visibility is significantly reduced, the technological complexity of offensive increases. weapons and technical systems, as well as unmanned air and sea apparatuses are actively developing. Space and cyberspace are becoming new areas of strategic confrontation between the opposing sides. The transition from traditional forms of warfare to asymmetric warfare and information warfare is accelerating. The leading countries of the world are actively adjusting defense strategies, revising military policy and modernizing their armed forces. All this significantly changes the forms and methods of implementing international military policy and carries with it serious challenges to China’s national security.

NEW GOALS AND TASKS OF NATIONAL DEFENSE

In the modern situation, as never before in the history of China, the problems of ensuring national security are becoming more and more complex, multidimensional, long-term, and require considerable time to resolve them. Therefore, today it is necessary to have a holistic view of national security, to balance the internal and external problems of ensuring it, of a traditional and non-traditional nature, and also to comprehensively solve all the problems of protecting the country and maintaining stability in the world.

VSK has identified four “critical areas of security”, including maritime and outer space, the Internet and the nuclear field.

Maritime security is one of the main areas in which China’s focus will be focused in the future. Since China’s long-term goal is to protect its maritime rights and interests, over time, the PRC Navy should move from “coastal protection only” to mixed security in coastal areas and maritime areas. The air force must ensure not only the defense of the country's airspace, but also be ready to conduct offensive operations. The mobility of the missile and artillery units of the PLA troops should be increased. In addition, it is planned to develop the capabilities of troops to deliver accurate strikes against medium and long range targets.

As noted in the document, in the conditions of changing the forms and methods of conducting combat and dynamic changes in the situation in the field of national security, the main goal of the development of the Chinese Armed Forces will be to create conditions for achieving victory in local information wars. To this end, the number of information troops will be increased in the PLA as soon as possible, which should ensure effective opposition to the enemy in the virtual space and victory in information wars. In this case, the FAC involves the expansion of the list of tasks that will be faced by the Chinese army.

In accordance with the requirements of the new strategy of the Armed Forces of China, the following fundamental tasks should be solved:

- resolving a wide range of emergency situations, counteracting numerous military threats, as well as effectively protecting the security of national land, sea and air spaces;

- effective protection of the territorial integrity of the PRC;

- protection of the national interests of the PRC in new zones of influence and outside the country;

- ensuring strategic deterrence and retaliatory nuclear strikes;

- participation in regional and international joint operations to maintain peace on earth and stability in problem areas;

- conducting operations to counter the penetration of hostile armed formations into the national territory, fighting against separatism and terrorism, and maintaining political and social stability in the country;

- participation in operations to eliminate natural disasters, protect the rights and freedoms of citizens, perform security functions and create the necessary conditions for stable economic and social development of the PRC.

RELATIONS WITH ENEMIES AND FRIENDS

The White Paper notes that the PRC will in every way develop and strengthen external military ties with various countries, and above all with Russia, to deepen cooperation and cooperation between the armed forces of China and the Russian Federation in the framework of bilateral relations, comprehensive partnership and strategic interaction. Beijing intends to ensure the consistent creation of comprehensive, multifunctional and sustainable structures of interstate cooperation, and also to promote the further development of relations between the two countries in the military sphere.

Regarding further cooperation between the PRC and the United States in the military sphere, the White Paper points to the need to form military relations of a new type, which should correspond to new forms of political and economic ties between the two countries, promote dialogue and cooperation in the field of defense; improvement of mechanisms for mutual notification of large military maneuvers, increasing confidence-building measures and standards for ensuring mutual security during meetings of airborne units in maritime waters and airspace, as well as enhancing mutual trust, eliminating collision risks and effectively managing crisis situations.

The FAC also indicates that the buildup of the US military presence in the APR, as well as the revision of the military doctrine of Japan, are of deep concern to Beijing. The strategy states that “this development is causing growing concern in the countries of the region.”

China intends to further develop and strengthen in every way its military ties with neighboring countries, increase the level of cooperation with European countries in the military sphere, and develop traditional friendly military ties with African, Latin American and South Pacific countries. Beijing is planning to take measures to deepen cooperation in the field of defense and security within the framework of the SCO. He will continue to participate in the expanded Meeting of ASEAN member defense ministers and dialogue partners (“SMOA plus”), in the ASEAN Regional Security Forum, in the Shangri-La Dialogue Conference, in the Jakarta International Defense Dialogue and in other multilateral structures designed to discuss problematic issues and implement cooperation activities in the field of ensuring the stability of the international situation. In addition, the PRC leadership plans to continue to regularly hold the Xiangshan forum and other multilateral activities aimed at creating a new security and cooperation structure that will ensure peace, stability and prosperity in the APR.
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http://nvo.ng.ru/realty/2015-07-24/14_china.html
26 comments
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  1. Revolver
    Revolver 26 July 2015 05: 18
    +3
    This concept, as the drafters of the document emphasize, means that China does not intend to attack any country, but reserves the unconditional right to retaliate in case of aggression. The strategy also notes that Beijing in no way seeks hegemony and expansion.
    They lie. Ask the same Vietnamese. Yes, and Damansky, although surrendered to Hunchback, is not forgotten.
    1. Alexander Romanov
      Alexander Romanov 26 July 2015 05: 44
      0
      Quote: Nagan
      Lie

      Is this about the Americans?
      1. Revolver
        Revolver 26 July 2015 06: 53
        +2
        Quote: Alexander Romanov
        Quote: Nagan
        Lie

        Is this about the Americans?

        Thickly troll. Learn from the same Atalef, he teaches a lot thinner. Good morning to you.
        1. Alexander Romanov
          Alexander Romanov 26 July 2015 07: 02
          +6
          Quote: Nagan
          Good morning to you.

          13,54 in the yard, but oh well.
          Quote: Nagan
          Thickly troll.

          Truth? Well, I don’t know how to get around from the side. I would be right and right away muzzle the face.
          Quote: Nagan
          Learn from the same Atalef, he teaches a lot thinner.

          He has better cognac.

          But in general, it kills me when those who live from it for thousands of kilometers speak for China. I live next to China and say it is better to be friends with the liar China than with honest America.
          1. Revolver
            Revolver 26 July 2015 07: 57
            0
            Quote: Alexander Romanov
            But in general, it kills me when those who live from it for thousands of kilometers speak for China. I live next to China and say it is better to be friends with the liar China than with honest America.

            Big is better seen in the distance.
            1. Alexander Romanov
              Alexander Romanov 26 July 2015 08: 31
              +2
              Quote: Nagan
              Big is better seen in the distance.

              But I’m like I'm sitting closer and don’t see anything.
            2. Talgat
              Talgat 26 July 2015 10: 28
              +6
              The Chinese are cunning - we all perfectly understand that now China is taking the place of the USSR - and in 10-15 years the main confrontation will unfold between China and the United States - China is becoming the main and main geopolitical enemy of the West and "world masons"

              The Eurasian Union is considered by China as an ally and friendly rear - all Latinos Bolivarians, Iran, Syria, etc. will fall into the sphere of influence of the future great China.

              The world is confidently divided into 2 camps - west and China - and the lists of countries are already obvious
              The only question is where Brazil and India will join - but so far Putin is dragging them to Russia and China - to the SCO and BRICS. Vietnam has questions to China and a bad history of attitude - but it seems to me that Russia will also "reconcile and drag" them

              It should be remembered that friendship with China is forced, because there is a much more formidable external enemy, therefore friendship is friendship, but we simply must restore the power of Eurasia - even if not at the level of the Golden Horde or the USSR - but still so as not to lie completely under China - therefore there is no alternative to Eurasia integration
              1. KaPToC
                KaPToC 26 July 2015 20: 32
                +1
                Quote: Talgat
                The only question is where will Brazil and India

                India itself will be a center of power, its own.
    2. meriem1
      meriem1 26 July 2015 05: 46
      -1
      Damansky, this is the result of, to put it mildly, not the right policy! Then do not compare the Great Helmsman with Uncle X !!! They lie and do not voice everything that they mean, these are different concepts. Everyone knows that any cooperation involves risk. But you have to choose which is more important.
    3. Ingvar 72
      Ingvar 72 26 July 2015 06: 26
      +4
      Quote: Nagan
      Yes, and Damansky, though surrendered humpbackednot forgotten.

      Someone passed more than Brokeback. wink And without a fight.
      1. Revolver
        Revolver 26 July 2015 06: 48
        -1
        Quote: Ingvar 72
        Quote: Nagan
        Yes, and Damansky, though surrendered humpbackednot forgotten.

        Someone passed more than Brokeback. wink And without a fight.

        There is a difference. Some who inherited a kneeling and bloodless RF. And Humpback taxied steadily standing on the feet of the USSR. It is unlikely that even one bastard suspected that the USSR would collapse on August 18, 1991. And even after August 21, but before the unholy trinity am flew into Belovezhskaya Pushcha. The separation of the Baltic states and even Transcaucasia did not draw to the end of the USSR, and it seemed a temporary phenomenon - they separated in 1918, and then in 1940 the Baltic states, and Caucasians even earlier, themselves asked to go back. By the way, it also goes to the account handed over by Hunchback, so some who It doesn’t look so bad next to Gorbaty or the same Lenin, who surrendered Poland and Finland. Although before, say, Stalin to some as to China in a famous pose.
        1. Ingvar 72
          Ingvar 72 26 July 2015 09: 39
          0
          Quote: Nagan
          Although before, say, Stalin, to some people like before China in a well-known position.

          That's right.
    4. The comment was deleted.
    5. mervino2007
      mervino2007 26 July 2015 08: 15
      +1
      Quote: Nagan
      They lie. Ask the same Vietnamese. Yes, and Damansky, although surrendered to Hunchback, is not forgotten.

      You are talking about events that were decades ago. Now the time is different, the situation is different. But forget about the armored train, which stands on the siding, is impossible. Axiom.
      1. nils
        nils 26 July 2015 20: 26
        +2
        Quote: mervino2007
        Now the time is different, the situation is different.


        14 October 2008 year was the ceremony of transferring OUR TERRITORY to China. Tarabarova Island and half of the Bolshoi Ussuriysky Island near Khabarovsk, as well as Bolshoi on the Argun River in the Chita Region, go to China in addition to the agreement on the Russian-Chinese state border. The document was signed in Beijing between Russian President Vladimir Putin and the leadership of the PRC 14 on October 2004. The transfer of the islands near Khabarovsk to China took place exactly four years after the signing of the agreement between the leadership of the two countries. In the Khabarovsk region of the PRC, about 174 square kilometers of land were withdrawn. With the transfer of the islands on the Amur, China became closer to Khabarovsk by 50 kilometers.
    6. persei
      persei 26 July 2015 10: 45
      0
      and Damansky and Zhalashkol ... and their intentions regarding
      develop traditional friendly military ties with African, Latin American and South Pacific countries.
      for some reason they are not connected with Russia ... There was such a thing ... and I still remember ... I took part "On May 30, 1969, the Resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR No. 404-144" On the formation of special-purpose reserve regiments in the region ”, They started to implement it only after all attempts to settle the problem at the diplomatic level had been exhausted, and after another armed incident on August 13, 1969 in the area of ​​the Zhalanashkol settlement of the Semipalatinsk region !.
    7. Skif83
      Skif83 27 July 2015 10: 20
      0
      Well, if there is a White Book, then there must be Black or Gray, for a narrow circle ...
  2. DREDD
    DREDD 26 July 2015 06: 22
    0
    If China still has a tendency to expand, then let them realize them in a southerly direction. Everyone is better than north.
    1. Revolver
      Revolver 26 July 2015 06: 30
      +1
      They’re on their mind and they won’t ask you for sure. Rush to where they see slack. Well, or think what they saw.
      1. Alexander Romanov
        Alexander Romanov 26 July 2015 07: 03
        +4
        Quote: Nagan
        They’re on their mind and they won’t ask you for sure.

        We will deal with China ourselves, without any advice from the United States. Wherever they listen to US advice, there is a complete ambition.
        1. rotmistr60
          rotmistr60 26 July 2015 10: 31
          +1
          As always, the United States knows better what is happening on the borders of Russia and in foreign policy. Obviously, the conclusion suggests itself as a result of a visit to Chinatowns in American cities.
  3. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 26 July 2015 06: 59
    +5
    China will do its utmost to develop and strengthen external military ties with various countries, and above all with Russia

    Strengthening China's military ties with Russia is a big headache for the United States. It is desirable that this headache smoothly turned into a political and economic stroke. And we would readily provide a wheelchair for Americans. And diapers will be changed and Europeans who bow before them with a spoon to feed them.
    1. Krasmash
      Krasmash 26 July 2015 08: 17
      0
      Quote: rotmistr60
      Strengthening China's military ties with Russia is a big headache for the United States

      Mr. Nagan doesn’t scare us all with China. Although he’s right in some ways. He believes Nizya to be yellow-faced. Worse than Jews. I ordered one mobile phone from them, and they know what the hell they sent me. How it happens. Now imagine how they feint through interstate relations. belay
      1. rotmistr60
        rotmistr60 26 July 2015 10: 33
        +1
        Mobile phones need to be ordered at state enterprises and company stores. There, the quality is 100%. Although the mobile and foreign policy are completely different things.
  4. akudr48
    akudr48 26 July 2015 11: 27
    +2
    So far, China is our Big Brother and some insurance against total losses on the Western Front.

    I would like to understand how and due to which China, from the role of the younger Brother of the USSR, became the Elder for Russia.

    This is how much it was necessary to harm Russia in order to lose so much, and even be proud of such losses that Russia entered the family of democratic countries ...

    Now these liberal democracies are showing Russia how much their affectionate words and stroking, encouraging further reforms are worth ...

    But China can also change its policy towards Russia when we will longingly recall the times of the Younger Brother, if the country continues to move, even falling into liberal insignificance.

    It is time to wake up and change course towards building a just state in Russia, focused on its citizens and little dependent on all these external foreign brothers and sisters, uncles and sons-in-law ...
    1. Wildcat-731
      Wildcat-731 26 July 2015 13: 09
      0
      Quote: akudr48

      It is time to wake up and change course towards building a just state in Russia, focused on its citizens and little dependent on all these external foreign brothers and sisters, uncles and sons-in-law ...

      And what for relatives such? request ... And is it still necessary? request .
      ..
      laughing
      1. padded jacket
        padded jacket 26 July 2015 13: 42
        0
        We must be friends with China, India, Iran and all our neighbors and not so neighbors, but at the same time we must be strong in industrial and especially military terms. The United States, Israel and its other satellites should not be allowed to establish the power of terror and destruction, the power of evil and violence in the world.
        By the way, the exercises of one of the Chinese fleets are being held honestly, its success in rearmament is impressive;
  5. GraveBezKresta
    GraveBezKresta 26 July 2015 18: 52
    -1
    China openly says that Siberia and the Far East are its land. Which, allegedly occupied by imperial Russia.
    China openly says that there is a big war ahead of Russia. there is a massive expansion of China to Siberia. Remember a few years ago: Putin himself broadcast that America is our eternal ally and strategic partner. What will happen if in a few years China changes its attitude towards us. only then will there be millions more chinasies in Siberia. And what when there will be 10 chinaways per one of our soldiers? At the same time, we ourselves armed this shitty dragon (or rather, Judas in the Kremlin).
  6. new communist
    new communist 26 July 2015 22: 59
    -1
    China and Russia are allies for the next 5 years, and more is not required. We will fight with NATO, from which we will receive a sudden nuclear strike with China, of course we will answer. Then there will be a new world charge and one country and government on the whole planet. The time of states ends.
  7. kig
    kig 27 July 2015 04: 48
    +1
    There are no friends in politics; there are only allies to achieve any goals. When the goal is achieved, an ally can easily turn into an enemy. China needs resources to develop, and a territory where to settle. It’s silly not to understand this. And all that he needs is located right under his nose, you don’t have to go far. How exactly he wants to get it is a big question. And of course, there are supporters of a variety of ways to get what you need. So you need to keep your eyes open and the border locked. I hope our celestials from the Kremlin understand this.