Experts sum up the results of the naval salon in St. Petersburg
28 countries have become members of the International Maritime Defense Show (IMDS-2015). 423 enterprises, including 40 overseas, have deployed their expositions in pavilions and in open areas near the berths of the Naval Station, in the water area adjacent to the Lenexpo exhibition complex.
Traditionally, the largest exposition was at the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC). All of its major companies have demonstrated their products in the form of models. Shipbuilders from Zelenodolsk and Rybinsk were exhibited at a separate stand. The large-scale exposition was shown by the Morinformsystem-Agat concern. Large stands were developed by Oceanpribor, Krylov State Research Center (KGNTS), Granit-Electron, BrahMos Aerospace Company. Tactical Missile Weapons Corporation (KTRV) performed as part of the MPO-Gidropribor concern.
Refusal to participate in the IMDS-2015 manufacturer Mistral, the company DCNS is understandable. France was represented only by ESA Robotics (ECA Robotics), which supplies its systems to a mine defense ship being built at the Middle Nevsky Shipbuilding Plant for Kazakhstan. As for the participation of other European countries - Austria, Belgium, Germany, Great Britain, Spain, Italy, Croatia, they were represented by several supplier companies of the second and third levels. The incident of the MiG-2015 in the Krasnodar Territory overshadowed the IMDS-29 incident, and therefore the Strizhi flight team did not take place at the cabin closing. The rest of the IMDS-2015 can be assessed as quite successful - in terms of the amount of information provided, the saturation of the business program demonstrated by the technology. Russian shipbuilding is emerging from the crisis, fulfilling a voluminous state defense order for the supply of the latest models of naval equipment and, despite fierce competition, sends products for export.
The IMDS-2015 was given a special flavor by the ceremony of introducing into the Russian Navy the third submarine of Project 636.3 Stary Oskol for the Black Sea fleet and landing craft of project 21820 Denis Davydov. The entire Russian official delegation and a number of foreign guests took part in the ritual of raising the St. Andrew’s flag on new ships. On July 4, a solemn ceremony of raising the Andreevsky flag took place in Baltiysk on two other boats of project 21820 - “Lieutenant Rimsky-Korsakov” and “Michman Lermontov”.
In general, more than 200 samples of naval equipment were presented to the guests and participants of the salon. At the open exposition, one could see the 636.3 “Stary Oskol” submarine, the 20380 “Resistant” corvette, the 12700 “Alexander Obukhov” baseman of the 12322 project, the 820 hovercraft amphibious assault ship, the anti-diversion boat “Rook”, the newest airborne assault boat Dugong type cavern, Serna amphibious assault boat, unparalleled in its class, speedboat BL-03160, 23370 Raptor patrol boat, modular multipurpose search and rescue boat of XNUMX project.
In addition, at the Rzhevka proving ground, official delegations and media representatives demonstrated in action 10 naval artillery rifle systems, including 130-mm naval AK-130, 100-mm AK-100, 76-mm AK-176М.
According to the results of the salon, Admiral Viktor Chirkov, Commander-in-Chief of the Navy, Russia intends to significantly increase the power of its fleet by adopting modern ships, modernizing the existing ones, and also creating a new naval infrastructure. The commander assured that Russia will independently build landing ships to replace the Mistral-type UDC ordered in France. Speaking about the DK project presented at the Army-2015 exhibition held earlier in the Moscow Region, the admiral recalled that 16 helicopters were based on this ship. He will be able to transport 450 people and up to 80 units of equipment. “In terms of capabilities and characteristics, this ship even surpasses the Mistral,” said Chirkov.
Also, the admiral noted that the first corvette of the new project 22800 for the Russian Navy will be laid by the end of 2015, and the entire fleet will receive 18 of such ships.
Some of their parameters are already known, although the design has not yet been completed. In particular, the corvettes will receive domestic power plants, their range will reach thousands of miles, autonomy - 30 days. On arms, they will not yield to the patrol ships (TFR) of the 11356 project. Speaking about the replenishment of the fleet with new models, Chirkov noted that the delay in construction is associated exclusively with the need to replace imported components primarily on those ships where Ukrainian-made gas turbine engines are installed.
He also paid attention to the modernization projects of the ships in service. According to him, the first large anti-submarine ship (BOD) of the 1155 project will complete rearmament with the Caliber and Onyx missiles in two years.
The priority direction Chirkov called nuclear submarine fleet. In the foreseeable future, Russia will continue to improve atomic submarines with ballistic missiles (SSBN) of the 955 project (Borey cipher).
The state shipbuilding program envisages the continuation of the construction of a SSBN of the 955 project after 2020, using the latest developments in this area. An additional number of submarines will be determined later, depending on the situation and the development of international relations. Earlier, the commander-in-chief ordered the Sevmash defense shipyard to prepare capacities for the construction of fifth-generation nuclear submarines, which are developing the Malachite St. Petersburg naval engineering bureau and the Rubin central design bureau for marine engineering. These boats will differ from previous projects in the unification and inclusion of promising robotic systems in the armament. The requirements for the new generation of nuclear submarines emphasize the universality of their use, the effectiveness of command and control systems and weapons.
Sevmash Director General Mikhail Budnichenko said that before 2020, the Navy would receive eight Boreas and six Ash trees. This year, only one SSBN of the 955 project (“Alexander Nevsky”) will make the transition to the permanently-based Vilyuchinsk station in Kamchatka, and not two, as planned earlier. Shipyard divisions to service Boreev and Ash trees are already being created both in the Pacific (Pacific Fleet) and in the Northern Fleet (NF). On the Pacific Fleet all the relevant infrastructure will appear by October 1. The pier for the parking of the submarine is ready, the installation of the equipment, the weapons loading point under construction is being completed.
The overwhelming majority of the details of the technical equipment of submarines of the 955 and 885 projects is still classified and is not disclosed. It is safe to assume that the submarines receive the most modern equipment. In particular, the SSNB of the 955 project and the PLNT of the 885 project are equipped with the Parus-98 universal periscope complex designed and manufactured by the FSUE Central Research Institute Elektropribor. The same is put on the diesel-electric submarines of the 636.1 project for the Vietnamese Navy, the 636.3 project for the Black Sea Fleet, and the submarine of the 677 project. The new Criminal Procedure Code provides round-the-clock observation in adverse weather conditions, the detection of radar emissions and other radio equipment, and the measurement of the distance to the observed objects. It is able to receive signals from satellite navigation systems GLONASS and GPS, equipped with a built-in video recording and control system. "Sail-98UP" has in the extended state the detection range of sea surface targets 35 kilometers, air - 90.
Only on the first day of the IMDS-2015 operation, Viktor Chirkov held more than a dozen meetings with foreign colleagues, including from Iran, Saudi Arabia and Algeria. Foreigners are especially interested in creating a search and rescue support system (JIP) for submarines.
The commander-in-chief recalled that submarines are being built in Russian shipyards for foreign countries that want to learn from our experience. But the appearance of the JIP will be beneficial to Russia, where there is already an appropriate center and modern rescue ships are being built. In particular, the “Igor Belousov”, the lead ship of the 21300С project, will come into operation in November.
Today, Rosoboronexport’s portfolio of orders for naval equipment includes contracts with foreign partners in excess of five billion dollars. In recent years, the "sea share" in the volume of supplies of weapons and military equipment abroad was on average at the level of 15 percent. Over the past fifteen years, Russia has sold naval equipment to foreign partners and rendered services for its operation on 21 with more than a billion dollars.
At present, USC is completing five contracts for the supply of warships for five foreign customers, said Alexey Dikiy, director of the MTC Department of USC, at the salon. According to him, the corporation has 50 export naval contracts at the moment.
The USC plans in 2015 - the beginning of 2016-th to get the right to independent foreign economic activity in terms of servicing the previously delivered finished products. Wild noted that with the excellent quality of ships and submarines produced by USC, there are shortcomings in their after-sales service.
Because of the sanctions, the corporation has not lost a single foreign customer. “In military products, we mainly focused on our traditional partners - India, Vietnam, the countries of Southeast Asia, several states of the Mediterranean region. They all stayed with us, ”said Wild. In addition, the traditional customers of USC are the countries of the former Soviet Union.
The corporation's booth at the salon was visited by representatives of Venezuela, which is showing great interest in USC products. The director of the PTS Department noted that the USC is ready to develop new markets. “For us, this is South America, African countries, where we have historically been poorly represented,” said Alexey Diky. “Now we are trying to promote products in the markets of these countries.”
Rosoboronexport is negotiating with New Delhi on a new troika of frigates of the 11356 project, and the possibility of partially transferring their production to the customer’s site under the Do in India program is being considered. Earlier, Russia delivered six such frigates to this country, which were highly praised by the national naval command. According to the Deputy General Director of Rosoboronexport Igor Sevastyanov, Russia and India are continuing negotiations on the submarines of the 75I project. No specific decision has been made yet, as the official tender has not been announced.
Interest in the acquisition of Russian patrol boats "Mongoose" show several countries in Latin America and Southeast Asia. In mid-March, Oleg Belkov, general director of the Vympel shipyard, said that the export of Mangustov could begin as early as 2015. Active work in this direction is being carried out with Vietnam, India, and Brazil; potential customers are African countries. The volume of the foreign market for these boats Belkov estimated approximately at 50 units and did not rule out that joint production could be established.
Prospective UDC has great potential in the international market, including in Latin America. Rosoboronexport intends to fulfill the contract for the supply of landing craft of the 12322 project to China (code Zubr). “Plant“ More ”, which was the creator of“ Zubr ”, is a Russian enterprise. The goal is to fulfill the contract that was signed between Ukraine and the PRC, ”emphasized Igor Sevastyanov.
Teheran and Riyadh can join the number of buyers of the Russian naval equipment. The official delegation of the Iranian Navy, led by Commander-in-Chief Rear Admiral Habibolla Sayari, participated in the IMDS, met with Viktor Chirkov, the management of Rosoboronexport, attended the ceremony of introducing the Old Oskol DEPL and raising the Andreevsky flag on it. The Russian abolition of the embargo on the supply of anti-aircraft missile systems C-300 to Iran has opened up great prospects for the intensification of military-technical cooperation between the two countries.
The delegation of the Navy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia got acquainted with the capabilities of the Russian Tiger class corvettes, small submarines, the Bal-E coastal missile system, concepts of aircraft-carrying ships, and projects of small coastal submarines with various weapons options. According to the representative of the defense industry complex, the KSA delegation was interested in the possibilities of building for export Russian ships with aviation, but the signing of contracts was not discussed.
The fate of the aircraft carrier
Special attention of specialists, experts and journalists was focused on the exposition of the Krylov Center. At its booth, a presentation was made of models of the promising heavy aircraft carrier of the 23000E Storm project and the destroyer 23560E Shkval.
The multipurpose aircraft carrier 23000E is designed to conduct combat operations in the far sea and ocean zones, ensure the sustainability of the fleet’s naval groups and cover the amphibious assault forces and its landing forces from attacks and attacks of enemy air attack weapons. “Storm” has a total displacement of 95 – 100 thousand tons, length 330, width 40 and draft 11 meters, full speed - 30 nodes, autonomy - 120 days, crew - four to five thousand people, seaworthiness - six points.
The general director of Nevsky PKB, Sergey Vlasov, said that the specialists of the enterprise he heads work on a promising aircraft carrier exclusively in an initiative manner, there are no fleet assignments. Designers represent the shape of the future ship quite accurately. There may be two options. If a ship has an atomic energy installation, its displacement will be 80 – 85 thousand tons. If nonatomic, then 55 – 65 thousand tons. In the first case, the order of 70 of various aircraft can be based on it, in the second - 50 – 55.
The aircraft carrier is present in the shipbuilding program up to 2050. “So far no one has deleted it, but the opinions are the most diverse,” noted the general director of Nevsky PKB. - Although if you decompose the cost of design for ten years, not such a huge amount of money. The fate of an aircraft carrier today depends on the fleet and the Ministry of Defense. "
A high-ranking source in the military-industrial complex estimated the cost of creating the leading prospective aircraft carrier for the Russian Navy at about 350 billion rubles. The real cost can be calculated only after the development of the project and the creation of a cooperation of enterprises that will build.
Waiting for 12 Destroyers
The prospective squadron destroyer “Squall”, the concept of which was developed at KGNC, is designed to conduct combat operations in the far sea and ocean zones, ensure the sustainability of the naval fleet groups, regional air defense and missile defense, and participate in solving peacetime tasks in any area of the World Ocean. According to the project, the destroyer has a total displacement of 15 – 18 thousand tons, 200 length, 23 width and 6,6 draft, full speed - 32 node, autonomy - 90 days, crew - 250 – 300 man, gas turbine main power plant. The project provides for the equipment of powerful weapons and modern equipment. In particular, it was proposed to use an integrated combat control system, coupled with an automated command and control system at the tactical level and operational-tactical level. The ship’s vertical launchers contain 60 – 70 RCCs or sea-based cruise missiles to attack ground targets, 128 SAM, 16 – 24 PLUR. There is also a universal gun mount caliber 130 millimeters. Radio equipment includes multifunctional integrated radar with phased arrays, integrated subsystems of electronic warfare, communications, underwater surveillance. Two multi-purpose helicopters can be used as aircraft weapons.
Characteristics are changeable, they will be refined when designing at each stage of work when the customer puts forward requirements for changing the composition of weapons and equipment.
Prospective destroyer "Leader" is developing the Northern PKB. According to Anatoly Shlemov, director of the USC State Defense Order Department, the draft design will be presented to the fleet in 2016 in two versions - atomic and non-nuclear. The final version of the power plant of the new generation of the ship and its other characteristics has not yet been determined. Construction is expected to begin at the end of 2018. According to one source, the fleet is counting on a new type of 12 destroyers.
The main developers of landing ships are KGNTS and Nevskoye PKB. The head of the military shipbuilding department of the Krylov Center, Vladimir Pepelyaev, informed that the concept of the promising UDC had been submitted to the chief command of the Navy for consideration. The KGNC development ship will be able to carry up to 16 helicopters, carry 450 assault people and 80 units of equipment. In addition, he will receive a dock camera for four landing craft.
According to Pepeliaev, the development and construction of the head UDC for the Russian Navy can cost about 30 billion rubles, and 80 percent of the cost is its armament. Thus, the price seriously depends on the saturation of different types weapons and other systems. Preparation of draft design will take about a year, technical project and working design documentation - one or two more. Three years will go to the construction.
The main competences for the development of ships of this class are concentrated in the Nevsky PKB. The construction of large recreation centers for the Russian Navy is handled by the Baltic shipbuilding plant “Yantar”.
At the stand of the Krylov Center, the model of the domestic UDC was presented in the closed part of the exposition. The head of Nevsky PKB, Sergey Vlasov, said that the company has created several versions of the prospective DC on its own initiative. Designers are developing various options and are ready to begin designing any of them according to the fleet technical specifications. The displacement of the ship, depending on the goals and objectives, can range from 6 to 25 – 30 thousand tons. In the first case, it will be a ship similar to the “Ivan Green”, and in the second - the UDC, on which 15 – 20 helicopters can be based. Construction time depends on displacement. From issuing a fleet assignment to raising the flag on a ship, it can take from five to eight years.
The final appearance of the promising UDC is not defined. Igor Ponomarev, vice president of military shipbuilding at USC, said that it could be designed and built in less than five years.
Today in the state defense order are only two DK type "Ivan Gren" (project 11711). They are constructed in accordance with the graphs.
Construction of non-nuclear submarines with an air-independent power plant (VNEU) for the Russian Navy will begin after 2018, the commander-in-chief said. He confirmed that the development of new-generation submarines is underway, which will follow the Boreas and Ash-trees that are being built on Sevmash.
As Valery Shaposhnikov, head of the strength and design department of the ship building of the KGNTS, said, the innovative technologies of the Krylov center will significantly reduce the likelihood of finding Russian submarines by means of sonar. We are talking about new multilayer composite materials (KM), the structure and composition of which provide the maximum attenuation of the reflected signals. At present, full-scale samples of a number of structural components of non-nuclear submarines, in particular a rudder, made from composites of special composition, are being tested in the strength section of the KGSC.
Conducting a search for a submarine, the enemy will not receive the hydroacoustic signal reflected from it of the required level, since the composite material has a high sound transmission (sound absorption) and as a result does not allow this signal to be reflected. Such an effect is provided by the center's most complex internal design, developed by the center, from which stabilizers, bow and stern control wheels, felling barriers and sliding devices can be manufactured and installed on submarines.
Russian Helicopters Holding presented the Ka-52K marine helicopter. During the implementation of the project, a number of developments have been carried out that can be applied in the interests of the Russian Navy.
Next to the Ka-52K, the X-35 and X-38 missiles, developed by KTRV, were demonstrated. As Director General of the Corporation Boris Obnosov noted, work on the integration of the new X-35 and X-38 missiles into the helicopter’s armament is already underway. Over the past three years, KTRV launched the 14 new types of missiles into mass production, including the anti-ship X-31AD and X-35U, as well as the anti-radar X-31PD. The corporation plans to increase the production of marine and underwater weapons. This is facilitated by the inclusion in its structure of the concern “Marine underwater weapons - Gidropribor”.
According to Obnosov, another enterprise of the corporation, the State Research and Production Enterprise Region, whose development, including the small package torpedo complex Package-E, is to complete state tests this year, is developing the sea and underwater weapons.
For the first time, a number of ship-borne fire weapons were presented, in particular, the Pantsir-ME naval anti-aircraft missile and artillery complex (SCRA) (in the form of a layout) developed by KBP, the turret installation Komar developed by RATEP, automatic artillery AU-220М equipment of warships and boats developed by the Petrel Research Institute.
According to Alexander Zhukov, the chief designer of the sea-based anti-aircraft complexes at KBP, the Pantsir-ME SRAK has been launched into serial production, and the export version is being promoted to the international market. The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation is extremely interested in obtaining the marine version of the Pantsir. In the future, it should replace the complex "Dirk".
Great interest on the part of potential foreign customers at the exhibition was shown to the turret installation “Komar”. Its prospects in the global market have been confirmed at Rosoboronexport.
“In general, the results of the salon testify to its high demand for both Russian shipbuilding enterprises and the world community as a whole,” said Russian Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade Andrey Dutov. Thus, despite the reduction in the number of foreign participants due to the sanctions policy pursued by Western countries, IMDS once again confirmed its importance.