Italians are not happy with the increase in immigration
In Italy, attempts by citizens to resist the influx of migrants led to clashes with the police. Residents of a small suburb of Rome - Casale San Nicola - blocked the road, on which a bus carrying hundreds of migrants was to enter the city. The Italian authorities responsible for the accommodation of migrants, shortly before the incident, decided to settle people from the Middle East in a local school. However, this was opposed by the inhabitants of the suburbs. According to local residents, only 400 people live in Casale San Nicola and the placement of migrants in 100 is a real threat to further preserve the cultural identity of the village, not to mention social and public order. Naturally, the bus with migrants was accompanied by the police, however, this did not prevent the residents of the suburbs from expressing their dissatisfaction with the migration policy of the Italian government in the most radical ways. Residents threw stones and chairs at the bus, and when the police tried to resist this, they entered into a brawl with law enforcement officers. 14 police officers were injured, two protesting residents of Casale San Nicola were detained. The prefect of the locality Franco Gabrielli, of course, expressed extreme indignation at the behavior of his wards citizens and said that he hoped for a strict sentence to the detained protesters. In turn, the protesting residents were supported by Italian right-wing organizations opposing the uncontrolled and mass migration of foreign citizens to the territory of the country.
For modern Italy, migration from Africa, the Middle East and South Asia is a very serious problem. After all, Italy, by virtue of its geographical position, is closer than many other European countries to the main routes of penetration of Asian and African migrants into Europe. It is precisely to the coasts of Italy that dozens of ships and small vessels are transported almost daily, carrying African migrants from Somalia and Eritrea, Congo and Mali, Niger and Cameroon. It is noteworthy that before 1970-x - 1980-x. Italy itself was a source of migration - due to the country's economic problems and low living standards, especially in the overcrowded southern provinces, Italians, in search of work, went to the more developed countries of Western Europe - Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, France. However, then the situation changed, which was associated with a general increase in migration flows to Europe from Asia and Africa, as well as an increase in intra-European migration from the former socialist countries of Eastern Europe to the countries of Western Europe. Despite the fact that after the end of the Second World War, Italy had been selected all its colonies that had been seized since the end of the 19th century, certain Italian influence still persists in such African countries as Somalia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya. Many immigrants from these countries were trained in Italian higher education institutions, some remained in Italy and got a job. When the economic situation in Italy stabilized, and the demographic growth in African countries gained momentum, thousands of Eritreans, Somalis, and Ethiopians rushed into the country. A significant share in the total flow of African migrants were also Senegalese - despite the fact that Senegal was a colony not of Italy, but of France.
Lampedusa - the island of those who did not drown
The “population explosion” in African countries, combined with the almost complete economic failure and internal political instability contributes to the massive outflow of Africans to European countries - in search of work and more or less peaceful life. Since Italy is located on the shores of the Mediterranean, for Africans it becomes the first destination. A small Italian island of Lampedusa has gained worldwide fame. The reason for this is only in the geographical position of the island, which is located in 113 kilometers off the coast of Tunisia and therefore becomes the first target of illegal African migrants. Counting on European humanism, Africans arrive at Lampedusa on anything - on boats, boats, and even on rafts of automobile tires. Naturally, a lot of people die when crossing the Mediterranean Sea. Disaster-overloaded vessels with African migrants rescue Italian coast guard patrols. In 2008, thousands of illegal migrants arrived at Lampedusa, after which the Italian authorities thought about building special camps on the island to house Africans. In these camps, migrants receive medical assistance and modest food. However, occasionally illegal migrants make escapes from the camps, moreover, human rights organizations complain about the poor conditions of migrants. After the Arab countries of North Africa began to shake the waves of political instability in 23, the migrant contingent changed significantly. In addition to Africans, a large number of North African Arabs and Berbers, citizens of Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt, began to arrive at Lampedusa. People fled from the change of power and political uncertainty, from the horrors of the civil war that shook the Libyan state after the uprising against Muammar Gaddafi.
In 2013, 32 African migrants arrived in Lampedusa. As for the casualties during the forced crossing of the Mediterranean, 000 people were killed, by lesser standards, in just one October 2013. However, the risk of drowning in the Mediterranean does not deter Africans and Arabs from the prospect of finding shelter in Italy or other European countries. The Italian government literally does not know what to do with the influx of illegal immigrants in Lampedusa. About ten thousand African migrants arrive on the island of Lampedusa weekly. Think about these numbers - 400 thousand people every week! In a year, the number of migrants entering not only Italy, but also other European countries, through the island of Lampedusa, is about half a million people. So, only according to official UN data, in 10 at least 2014 migrants from African countries crossed through Lampedusa to Europe. In fact, these numbers can be much larger. At least 218 thousand people only during 000 drowned while crossing the Mediterranean Sea. The Italian authorities, unable to control the flow of migrants, attracted other EU states to participate in operations to patrol the country's sea borders. During 3,5, 2014 thousand African migrants were saved trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea and get to Lampedusa. Not only patrol boats take part in patrolling the sea borders of Italy, but also aviation. However, in April 2015, a ship wrecked off the coast of Lampedusa transporting approximately one thousand illegal migrants from African countries. Rescuers managed to find only 28 living people, the remaining illegal migrants died. While this tragedy remains the largest case of the mass death of illegal migrants off the Italian coast, it is possible that similar incidents will repeat in the future - after all, neither Italy nor the EU as a whole have worked out real measures to counteract the crossing of the Mediterranean Sea by African migrants. Certain hopes of blocking the flow of illegal migrants existed before the regimes of Ben Ali and Gaddafi were overthrown in Tunisia and Libya. Both the Tunisian and Libyan rulers made quite serious efforts to block the illegal migration of maritime borders by African migrants. However, European states, including Italy, having turned into US satellites, neglected their own political interests and took part in the overthrow of even authoritarian, but more or less stable Arab regimes. As a result, in addition to the lack of control over the movement of African migrants, Italy also received a new wave of foreigners in its territory - refugees from the Arab countries of North Africa and the Middle East, in which the military-political situation made them unsuitable for living and forced hundreds of thousands of people to leave their home and flee to Europe.
The destabilization of the situation in Mesopotamia and the continued success of the “Islamic State” in Iraq and Syria increased the number of refugees from these states also arriving in Italy. Unlike Africans, Syrians and Iraqis follow to Italy not only through Lampedusa, but also through the countries of the Balkan Peninsula. Why Italy? Yes, because a relatively liberal policy towards foreign illegal migrants is being implemented here. When boats with migrants appear off the coast of the small state of Malta - the coast guard opens fire. Similarly reacting border units of Greece. Therefore, migrants are afraid to land in Malta or in Greece. Italy is ready to accept migrants, although it constantly complains to other EU countries that it is unable to cope with the deployment of hundreds of thousands of Africans and Arabs on its territory. Moreover, growing discontent of the local population. After all, there is no work in the country for so many unqualified people who do not speak Italian. A significant part of migrants wander idle around the streets of Italian cities, joins the ranks of the lower composition of mafia structures, street crime, turns into beggars. Why do the Italians have such happiness? Naturally, political parties and movements that advocate restricting the flow of illegal migrants are gaining popularity in the country.
Will the camp leave for Romania?
A big problem for Italy is not only migration from Africa and the Arab East, but also the entry of thousands of Romanian citizens into the country. Initially, there was a fairly loyal attitude towards the Romanians in Italy - after all, the Romanians, like the Italians, are a Roman-speaking nation, that is, practically “relatives”. The “poor relatives” should be helped, especially among the Romanians who rushed to Italy after the collapse of the socialist system in Romania and the sharp impoverishment of the Romanian population, there were many qualified specialists who could replace workplaces in Italian enterprises. Linguistic affinity allowed many Romanian labor migrants to learn Italian in a fairly short time. Immigrants from Romania make up at least one fifth of foreign migrants living in Italy. The bulk of Romanians work in the service sector and construction - that is, initially the presence of Romanian migrants was rather likely to benefit the Italian economy. However, subsequently, more and more voices began to be heard from ordinary local residents, and then from representatives of political parties and social movements, against further migration from Romania. The discontent of the local population was due to the fact that along with the Romanians - the builders and industrial workers, a large number of Romanian Gypsies began to arrive in Italy. Romania’s accession to the European Union allowed Romanians to move to other EU countries, including Italy. One of the most mobile groups of the Romanian population, interested in moving in search of a livelihood, is the Romanian Roma, divided into a number of “tribes”.
As it is known, one of the largest gypsy diasporas in the world lives in Romania. Due to the specificity of historical and cultural development, the social and economic situation in Romanian society, the Roma are for the most part a socially unadapted group of the population. Among them is a very high percentage of people without vocational education and any qualifications, as well as no education at all. Many of them, by virtue of their upbringing in a marginal environment and the lack of a profession, are prone to committing offenses and crimes, to drug and alcohol abuse, that is, they constitute a potentially criminal contingent. Naturally, the penetration into Italy of a significant number of Romanian Gypsies caused a worsening of the criminal situation in the country. In Italian cities, the number of crimes committed by immigrants from Romania sharply increased, as a result of which the Italian authorities were even forced to take measures such as bringing camps outside the city limits, sending Romanian police officers to Italy to jointly participate in policing and observing the behavior of residents of camps, payment of benefits to gypsies returning to Romania. However, the problem could not be solved, which led to the further spread of anti-migrant sentiment among the Italian population.
Lack of problem solving provokes violence
In mid-July, 2015. Mass protests against illegal migration began in Treviso, a small town in the Veneto region. Here, local residents opposed the settlement of whole groups of migrants from African states into empty apartments of houses in the neighborhood. The authorities prepared furniture and household appliances for migrants, but the neighbors from the indigenous population carried out at night all the things prepared to accommodate the migrants and defiantly burned them in the courtyards. A group of local residents settled in tents in the courtyard of the houses in protest. It is indicative that the Veneto region is currently headed by representatives of the League of the North - the regionalist party, which acts with anti-immigrant slogans. Therefore, in Veneto, local authorities almost do not interfere in what is happening because of their sympathy for the population, however, at the same time they cannot prevent the central government’s initiatives to accommodate a certain number of migrants and refugees in settlements in the Veneto region. In other regions of the inhabitants of the police accelerates. Meanwhile, the Italian public is outraged - after all, the majority of refugees arriving in the country, in accordance with Italian law, are not entitled to accommodation in Italy. However, the Italian government does not object to their presence in the country. Recall that formally Italy is ready to receive people from belligerent Syria, as well as from the former Italian colonies, primarily from Eritrea and Somalia. But migrants from Congo, Senegal, Mali - French-speaking countries who have never had anything to do with Italy, also come to Italy. On the side of the protesting local population is the movement "Casa Pound". These are the Italian right-wing radicals, supporters of the Third Way, who are accused of neo-fascism. However, the representatives of “Casa Pound” themselves do not hide their sympathy for that period in stories Italy, when the power was in the hands of the Benito Mussolini duce. The neo-fascists from “Casa Pound” act, at times, with extremist methods - so, in 2011, science fiction writer Gianluca Casseri, who sympathized with “Casa Pound”, came to the market of the city of Florence and fired a group of Senegalese traders from a revolver. Two Senegalese died, one was injured. In connection with the incident, Florence declared mourning. However, many Italians can understand the motives for the crime committed by Kasseri - and the Italian government’s task now is to find the best way to solve migration problems further. But, most likely, Rome will never go to a real tightening of migration policy. And this means that the protests of desperate local residents, especially the activists of national-radical organizations, can be repeated.
Hungary: Migrants go to the forest
Hungary, until recently, was not an attractive country for migrants from the Third World countries. Moreover, the Hungarians had enough of their concerns related to the existence of quite numerous Roma communities. Gradually, however, foreign citizens began to flood Hungary, who viewed the country as a “springboard” on the road to migration to richer European states. But, as usual, many of the migrants linger on the territory of Hungary, unable to get to Germany or France. Most migrants enter Hungary through the Serbian-Hungarian border. These are mainly Kosovo Albanians, to a lesser extent - people from Turkey, Afghanistan, Syria and Iraq, following to Germany. Most Kosovo Albanians flee Kosovo and Metohija due to the complete economic failure of this entity. On the territory of Kosovo, with the help of the United States and the American satellites turned into an "independent state", there is virtually no own economy - 99% of products are imported from other states. The living conditions of civilians are also very complicated, since the real power in Kosovo is in the hands of all-powerful field commanders, who are in fact the leaders of local organized crime. Most Kosovo Albanians simply have nothing to live for, since there are no jobs in Kosovo. On the other hand, they are not going to go to neighboring Albania, because they are not expected there either - despite the fact that Albanians as a whole are nationalists, they do not want to see additional competitors for jobs in the face of Kosovars. Moreover, Albania itself is struggling to cope with its own socio-economic problems. Therefore, the main stream of Kosovo Albanians goes to Central Europe, first of all - to the Federal Republic of Germany. In Germany, they expect to find a job, although many go simply to get money - it’s no secret that the Albanian mafia is one of the most numerous and dangerous in Europe and a significant part of migrants are in one way or another connected with mafia groups, albeit at the lowest level According to the Minister of Internal Affairs of Bavaria, Joachim Herman, every day at least a thousand people leave Kosovo by bus, aiming to get to Germany via Hungary and Austria. The Hungarian police cannot cope with such a large flow of migrants, therefore thousands of Kosovo Albanians who are illegally staying on the territory of Hungary find themselves. Many of them are young men who, according to the assumptions of the Hungarian police, may have combat experience or criminal past and present. The possible involvement of some young Albanian immigrants in radical fundamentalist structures, including those associated with the Islamic State that is at war in the Middle East, also causes serious concerns of the Hungarian police services. According to the official data that was made public in the “parliament” of Kosovo and Metohija, only 50 thousands of Albanians left the region for only two months, including at least 6 thousands of children of school age. Over half a year, about 100 thousands of people immigrated to Central Europe from Kosovo and Metohija, but there is information that the number of refugees leaving Kosovo is underestimated - in fact, it is at least 200 thousands. Given that about two million people live in Kosovo, it can be assumed that soon there will be practically no population left in this education.
Since the beginning of 2015, hundreds and even thousands of people have been passing across the border moat between Hungary and Serbia, along homemade bridges. They try not to make contact with the locals and follow through the forests, hoping to overcome the territory of Hungary and get to Germany. Naturally, the presence of such illegal travelers creates very big problems for Hungary - after all, in the absence of food or money to purchase them, there is a very high probability of committing crimes against the indigenous population. In the once calm Hungary, more and more often, the reports of criminal news are replenished with reports of crimes committed by Albanian and Middle Eastern migrants in the south of the country. The brutal murder of a woman made Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban spring to speak about the need to restore the death penalty as the death penalty for particularly serious crimes in the spring of 2015, plus the creation of camps for illegal migrants.
Will the patriots solve the problem?
Viktor Orban - the leader of the Union of Young Democrats - the Hungarian Civil Union (FIDES), the center-right party - has been the Prime Minister of the country since 2010. He is known for his atypical views for contemporary European politics. In particular, it was Viktor Orban who was one of the few European politicians who were not afraid to openly criticize the imposition of economic sanctions against Russia in the spring of 2014. After FIDES received a constitutional majority in the Hungarian parliament, the constitution of the country was changed in 2012. according to which the Hungarian people are declared united by “God and Christianity” and emphasizes that the life of a Hungarian citizen begins at conception, and marriage is a union of a man and a woman. Thus, in fact, the constitution rejects the possibility of further legalization of same-sex unions and seriously limits the freedom of abortion. Naturally, against the background of the rest of liberal Europe, the policy of the Hungarian government looks ambiguous and Orban causes criticism from its British, French and German counterparts. In particular, the concerns of the European Union cause openly anti-migrant sentiments prevailing in Hungary. This, in principle, is not surprising, since Hungary developed as a mono-national state and, with the exception of the Gypsy community, did not encounter foreign cultural groups. The current situation in the world has led to an increase in uncontrolled migration flows, as a result of which representatives of such peoples emerged in Hungary, of which only those Hungarians who knew very well that studied geography were natives of Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria, Somalia. Orban is opposed to illegal immigration from non-European countries to Europe and is in favor of categorizing immigrants. Someone’s attitude should be more loyal, but the majority of migrants should be controlled. Of particular concern to Orban is illegal migration in Hungary, since the country lies on the route of migrants to Germany.
Hungarian nationalists from the Jobbik party (For Better Hungary) come out with more radical positions than the ruling party of FIDES. This political organization, created by a group of nationalist-minded students of the University of Budapest, describes itself as a conservative, patriotic and Christian party, focused on protecting the traditional Hungarian values and interests of the Hungarian people. At the same time, the party opposes globalization and European integration. The fact that at the parliamentary elections in 2014, Jobbik gained more than 20% of the votes and became the third most important parliamentary party in the country, clearly demonstrates to which political views the current Hungarian voters are. In addition, Jobbik actively supports the development of comprehensive relations with Russia and openly sympathizes with Russian domestic and foreign policy.
So, Jobbik is one of the few European political parties that supported the reunification of the Crimea with the Russian Federation and expressed understanding of the people's liberation struggle of the residents of Donbass against the Kiev junta. In particular, Marton Gyongyoshi, a representative of the Jobbik party, who holds the post of deputy chairman of the foreign affairs committee in the Hungarian parliament, said in an interview with Russian journalists that “in Crimea, people took their fate in their own hands and decided on their future. They decided to no longer be neighbors and join Russia. I think that someone who does not respect the will of the majority of the people, especially the majority of such a large scale, does not respect democracy. It’s not for us to decide whether it’s good for the Crimeans or not, our duty is to respect this decision. It was made by the people, we respect this decision. Crimea is a part of Russia. We must admit this fact ”(Tychinsky G.“ Jobbik ”means“ For the Best Hungary ”// http://www.pravda.ru/world/europe/european/02-03-2015/1250465-jobbik-0/) . The representative of the party Istvan Sawai participated as an international observer at the elections in the DPR and the LPR, and also repeatedly argued for the need to create Hungarian-Ruthenian autonomy in Transcarpathian Ukraine, which caused the ban on him from the Kiev regime of entry to Ukraine for a period of five years. Meanwhile, “Jobbik”, among other things, has an obvious interest in Ukraine - as is well known, a large number (at least 150 thousand people) of the Hungarian national minority lives in the Transcarpathian region of Ukraine. Some areas of Transcarpathia are places of compact and traditional living of Hungarians, which are spoken and written in Hungarian, and many residents, in addition to Ukrainian, also have Hungarian passports. All this fully applies to Mukachevo, where recently Ukrainian troops, controlled by the Kiev regime, launched an operation against militants of the nationalist organization Right Sector. When the armed operation against the “Right Sector” began, Istvan Sawai from the Jobbik party demanded that the Hungarian government ensure the safety of the Hungarian population of Transcarpathia, which could be affected by the aggression of the Ukrainian nationalists.
In addition to the entry of migrants into the country, the Hungarian nationalists are very unhappy with the antisocial, in their opinion, behavior of some Hungarian Gypsies. Recall that in Hungary there are about 600 thousands of Hungarian Gypsies, approximately 5-6% of the population. Most of the Gypsies do not integrate into Hungarian society, do not want to accept the lifestyle of the surrounding population, which leads to constant conflicts between the Hungarian and Gypsy people. Modern Hungary is characterized by the practice of anti-Gypsy demonstrations by fighters of the “Hungarian Guard” - paramilitary militia, whose members share nationalist ideas and sympathize with the Jobbik party. The fighters of the Hungarian Guard do not commit crimes against the Gypsies, but in every possible way demonstrate that it is the Hungarians who are the only state-forming and full-fledged nation of the country. For anti-Gypsyism, Jobbik has also been criticized by the liberal parties of Europe and its own Hungarian liberal opposition. In many ways, it was thanks to the radical nationalist positions that “Jobby” managed to get the sympathy of 20% of Hungarian voters for a relatively short period of time and become a powerful political structure, the third in importance and influence in the country.
Hungarian wall scared the European Union
Both Jobbik and FIDES in the internal politics of Hungary follow the interests of the majority of the Hungarian population who are not interested in increasing the number of migrants and dissolving the Hungarian culture in the “common European world”. Not so long ago, it was decided to start a company for the resettlement of foreign migrants who illegally entered Hungary, from cities to special camps, where they would be under control and, accordingly, would be deprived of the opportunity to commit antisocial acts. Such a decision will definitely contribute to improving the situation in the field of public order in Hungary and will affect the reduction of crime and crime in the country. However, the Hungarian leadership is not going to stop at the resettlement of migrants to the camps, because its possibilities are not unlimited, and the influx of migrants does not stop, which makes it necessary to curb the possibility of illegal entry into the territory of the Hungarian state. In the summer of 2015 It was announced the start of construction of a special wall on the border of Hungary and Serbia. It, according to the Minister of Defense of Hungary Chaba Hand, should be built by the end of November 2015. The height of the wall will be 4 meters, and the length - 175 kilometers. The creation of the “Hungarian wall” is a necessary measure, which, according to the Minister of Defense, is being undertaken by the Hungarian government in order to protect the country from the incessant flows of illegal migrants entering Hungary from Serbia. After the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Hungary Peter Siyarto 17 June 2015 announced plans to create the “Hungarian wall”, this caused discontent among representatives of other countries of the European Union. EU officials consider the policy of Hungary to limit migration a violation of agreements between European countries, since each EU country must place on its territory a certain number of migrants. However, the Hungarian leadership refers to the fact that the massive influx of Afghans, Syrians and Iraqis poses a threat to the country, especially since only from the beginning of 2015. Thousands of foreign migrants have penetrated into small Hungary over 81. In Hungary, more than 32 thousands of asylum applications in the country were filed - a greater number of applications in 2015. received only Germany. Therefore, as we see, Budapest has something to fear, and when it comes to the survival of the Hungarian people themselves, about preserving the Hungarian national identity, it is difficult to put the interests of the European Union on higher priority positions. Viktor Orban openly criticized the position of the European Union on the issue of the further admission and accommodation of migrants from Asia and Africa in the territory of European countries: “We would like to speak frankly and openly about the fact that we Hungarians want Europe Europeans remained a continent, and we want Hungary to belong to the Hungarians.
According to Victor Orban, the proposals of the European Union look like madness. If these proposals are followed, Europe can expect a complete loss of identity - for lately the number of migrants from non-European states has increased twenty (!) Times, and migration flows do not stop, but rather only increase, as the situation in the Middle East continues to deteriorate. the population in the “third world” is growing, and no progress in the direction of political and economic stabilization occurs. According to the United Nations, in 2014 alone more than 14 millions (!) Of people in the world became refugees, primarily as a result of the escalation of armed conflicts in Syria and Iraq, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic, in Mali, in Ukraine. It is quite possible that the policy of the Hungarian government to radically restrict the flow of foreign migrants is the most optimal in modern conditions and can serve as an example for other European countries wishing to meet the interests of their own population, and not act as EU satellites guided by incomprehensible ordinary European considerations transnational financial elites.