Military Review

“My whole soul was engaged only in being useful at least with something”

“My whole soul was engaged only in being useful at least with something”One of the readers in the comments expressed the wish to publish more articles about working military everyday life: “We must write about our stories and the labor of people in the war years and the post-war period ”(the message sent k174un).

In the archival documents for 1943 — 1944 years, reports on the work of female Komsomol girls during the war years were found.

Remembers E.I. Khramova (Krasnokholmsky district, Khabotsky village): “I lived in the Kalinin region during the war. I went to work when I did not have a passport, issued me according to my metric (birth certificate). I worked at the factory for 12 hours. In my spare time I went to the hospital to care for the wounded, helped me get medicines, knitted socks, front gloves. It was just a shame that I was not a Komsomol member. I asked to go to the front, but they told me that I’m still a little bad. Medal "For Valiant Labor in the Great Patriotic War". factory were some women and old men. I was taken for everything herself, did not expect when I make something to do.

Our shift was a mechanic Olga Zhanochkina, a brigadier Antonina Khitrova, a master Anna Lebedeva. The shift was friendly, everyone worked well, the plan was fulfilled and over-fulfilled. But there were pests at the plant that tried to disrupt the work, to do any damage to the plant. Somehow cut the belts on the car. And once the irreparable happened - the plant was set on fire.

The Germans did not reach our village, they were somewhere nearby. We were lucky. Once we brought the seriously injured to our hospital. They needed the blood of the first group. Many of our factory girls took blood, but it turned out they did not have blood of the first group. I began to ask for blood to be taken from me, but there was a man who began to say that I was young and that blood was not good, though he was also not a Komsomol member. I felt hurt. I understood that everyone should fight. I went to the district Komsomol committee and talked about all this. Only after that I was finally allowed to donate blood. It turned out that I have the first group that suits the wounded soldier.

We helped families with everyone at the front. Their rations were given to small children, while they themselves collected nettles, frozen potatoes, pounded bones, cooked and ate. But still they supported small children so that they would not die of hunger.

From 1943 onwards, I began to donate blood regularly for the wounded. My whole soul was engaged only in being useful at least with something. When the wounded were being discharged from the hospital, they gave addresses, called me a sister, calmed me, said that they needed help in the rear. It is a pity that I could not save a single address. Then I joined the Komsomol, but it was too late - the war was already over. "

Female loggers

When the war called for male lumberjacks under the gun, girls entered the logging sites in the Ural forests. More recently, the foreman of the lumberjacks was Nikifor Petygin from the collective farm "Red October". In 1943, he was escorted to the front. And Olga Kondratyeva took the place of the foreman. And the team still holds the championship on the site.

Miners girls

Long since the profession of a miner, and even more so a lancer and a ripper, was considered “absolutely masculine”. But the war changed everything. When the men went to the front, instead of them, women began to descend into the mines.

The first women dumpers of the Karaganda basin were Kulyaishenova, Mukhanova and Jacquet at mine No. XXUMX-bis. Women brought labor productivity up to 3-25 tons per shift at a rate of 35 tons. In Karaganda, there was not a single mine, where there would not be women and girls at the posts of the fiery workers.

More than 500 housewives, who have mastered the difficult mining professions, came to the mine of Karaganda.

Female hunters

When the hunters of Narym went to the front by snipers, and women came to their place too. For example, Tatyana Kayalova, leaving her children in the nursery, went out into the woods to hunt squirrels. And so got used to shoot well, that gets the beast in the eye, so as not to spoil the skins. According to the plan, it was necessary to turn in 500 squirrel pelts in three months, and Tatiana would give 800 skins a month, and all of the first grade.

Plans all over fulfilled

Women like Raisa Kyshtymova were known throughout the country, replacing 25 workers in one working day. Anastasia Chaus, who lost her arm during the bombing, but she continued to work and give 300 percent of the plan to the production. The first woman, the mound, became Yevdokiya Shcherbakova, and Klavdiya Rybakova became the thousandth drill driver. And the Uralmash factory, under the leadership of their brigadier Anna Grekova, performed from two to five norms.

Women metallurgists

200 women entered the Chusovoy Metallurgical Works.
Over 800 women came to Lysva Steel Works in the first three months of the war.

Several thousand women were taken for the first six months of the war in the workshop of the Magnitogorsk combine.

If before the war at the Magnitogorsk Metallurgical Combine 20-25 percent worked for women, in January 1942, their number increased to 40 percent. Those professions that had to be trained for several months or years, in wartime conditions, were mastered by women for several weeks or even days.


Committees of the Komsomol of the Sverdlovsk region only from factory offices and various departments sent to work directly in the shops, mainly in the evacuated enterprises, more than 14 thousands of girls. At the plant where the Komsomol of the Komsomol Central Committee is Shvidka, they were trained and transferred to the machines for work on the third and fourth category 800 girls in a short time.

In a short time, in the Chelyabinsk region, thousands of girls studied 15 industrial specialties, of which 6500 girls could master various railway professions.

On the railway named LM Kaganovich for several months was prepared 80 female conductors, 30 compilers, 196 switchmen, 70 station attendants, 20 assistant machinists, 160 locksmiths.

The locksmiths of the wagon depot — Zhuravleva and Maslakova’s Komsomol organizations — each work for four men who went to the front. They themselves carried out four to five norms and taught their girlfriends to the industrial professions.

In the workshop of the Pervouralsk Order of Lenin Novotrubny Plant in one of the lagging areas, the Komsomol members organized a youth rolling mill, which was assigned to serve the girls. The selfless work of the girl - Popov, Vlasov and Shibakin - overcame the backlog and brought their camp to the forefront.

Woman in "gold"

Before the war, women's labor was almost never used in the gold industry. During the war, the situation in this industry has changed dramatically: now there was not a single male profession that women have not mastered.

Stalingrad Steelworker

Olga Kovalyova mastered one of the most difficult specialties - she became a steelworker, the first and only woman steelworker in Stalingrad. When enemy planes appeared over the city and the fascists broke into the streets, Olga Kovalyova, taking a rifle, went along with the fighters of the national militia to defend her city from the Nazis. She died when the first rose to the attack.


The secretary of the Leningrad Komsomol Regional Committee Ivanov talked about the resilience of the Leningrad girls: “Three and a half thousand Komsomol worked in logging. Hungry, cold, in shoes they went into the forest. There were no barracks - they had to be built and two more railway branches were needed. It was necessary take some measures for heating. And now the Komsomol organization of the Ordzhonikidze plant introduces two additional Komsomol hours for the manufacture of "burzhuek." These stoves were then put on sledges and taken to the distance XNU MX-16 kilometers. "

In Arkhangelsk, a woodcutter Vorovskaya remembered how she began to cut down forest during the war: “They say this specialty is male. But this is not true. Male specialty is war, and we are women, in the rear, we declare all specialties! And not only but in practice we show it. For example: the male norm on logging is four cubic meters per day. I, having come to the forest, soon began to fulfill this standard, and now I give six to seven cubic meters per day. "

In 1943-44, women actively worked in the Arkhangelsk forests, collecting materials for buildings, for restoring destroyed cities, collective farm houses, clubs, and schools. Brigades worked here, whose head was not men, but women. So, the woodcutter Lyubimov fulfilled 180 percent of the plan.

Female machine tool builders

Anastasia Krokhina, an employee of the Moscow factory "Red Proletarian", has become famous in the field of the machine tool industry. Her team kept the primacy of the plant and the second place in the country. In July, the team for the first time fulfilled the rate of 1944 percent 140, in August - 200 percent. For the first half of November of the same year, the team fulfilled the norm already at 340 percent due to the fact that the work schedule was compressed, the order of operations was rationalized. In addition, the advanced team took over the locksmith work that had previously been carried out by other workshops.

She fulfilled her promise to her husband

At the factory "Borets" in Moscow worked drillhead Elena Bondareva. Seeing off her husband to the front, she promised him to take his place in production. At the factory, she volunteered to work on two machines at once, and soon began to fulfill the norm at 250 percent. But she did not stop there. Elena Bondareva organized her work in such a way that her two machines worked almost continuously, and the manual operations were performed simultaneously with the work of the machines, without losing a single extra minute.

On the eve of the day of the Stalin Constitution, December 4 1944, Elena Bondareva stood at the Stalinist watch and processed for the change of 950 parts instead of the 193-s relying on the plan, thus fulfilling almost five standards. No one has yet reached such a high output for this product. A few days later, Bondareva developed 1030 parts - almost five standards.

The experience of the Moscow drillmaker began to use other brigades in the country.

The woman controls the blast furnace

There are no more such professions that a Soviet woman could not have mastered during the war years. Proof of this is the experience of Faina Sharunova, the Urals domain worker. When asked how she mastered such a responsible and difficult profession and in addition overfulfills the plan with 140-160 percent and more, she replied: "There is nothing fabulous about the fact that a healthy woman disposes of a blast furnace."

... and in aircraft construction

The most difficult in aircraft construction - casting, the formation of parts. Tatyana Terekhova, who decided to compete with the brigade leader of the front brigade, Vyacheslav Golubkov, worked at the N-plant as a molder. He achieved the molding of 96 parts per shift. In response, Terekhova issued 126 parts for the change, and the next day made 180 parts. Thus, its development often reached 210 parts per shift (this is almost nine rules). The championship in the competition left for the girl.

Women and oil

In the oil industry in 1944, women accounted for almost half of all workers. In the work of oilmen the crucial and crucial moment is drilling. Drilling requires serious technical knowledge, strict labor discipline. But women coped with this work. According to the testimony of archival documents, women "coped well with well workover." More than half of all workers employed in oil refining in Azerbaijan were women.

During the war, 174 oil workers were awarded for their dedicated work with high government awards - orders and medals. Many women became the best masters. So, Alexandra Pavlovna Pristachenkova back in 1941, she worked as a cleaner in the office. But in a short time she studied a complex technological process and learned how to work with complex equipment, having achieved excellent performance in her work as an operator of a workshop. For this, she received a badge of excellent socialist competition. Alexandra Pristachenkova taught others her skills, and several of her students also worked well as operators.

This is not a complete list of the names of women - specialists in oil production and refining: M.K. Mikhailova, E.I. Utkina, A.G. Sintsov, A.G. Onikova, E.F. Pustovalova, Tatiana Khan. They all became famous during the war throughout the country.


The collective farm economy entrusted to women's hands not only did not fall into decay, did not decay, but thanks to the selfless work of women it was able to adequately meet the food needs of the front and rear.

More than 80 percent of all agricultural work was performed by collective farmers during the war.

As an example, the propaganda department of the Central Committee of the Komsomol tells us about the example of Tajikhan Atkarova, who collected 18 200 kilograms of cotton. According to the results of the socialist competition, her team won the championship: the cotton harvesting plan was fulfilled by 129 percent.

By the beginning of 1944, in the republics, territories and regions of the Soviet Union, 21 656 women held the post of collective farm chairman. More than 151 000 women and girls worked as brigade leaders of field, garden and garden brigades. Accountants, accountants worked 93 339 women and girls.

According to the propaganda department of the Central Committee of the Komsomol, 1 857 thousands of agricultural mechanics, including more than a million women, were trained in the country.

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  1. Igor39
    Igor39 21 July 2015 06: 57
    Probably not in the Kaliningrad region, but in the Kalinin (Tver) region, but in a joke: The teacher asks:
    - Children, tell us how you helped the front?
    Nastya: - I sent tobacco pouches to the front.
    Masha: - And I was a nurse.
    Teacher: - Well done!
    Little Vovochka: - And I brought shells.
    Teacher (admired):
    - Little Johnny! You are a real hero! Thank you?
    Little Johnny: - Oh, yes! They told me: "Seer good, Voldemar."
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 21 July 2015 07: 56
    Victory was forged by all the people .. from young to old .. children and old people ..
  3. V.ic
    V.ic 21 July 2015 07: 58
    Fighting girlfriends. Strong and faithful rear. Saved children. Low bow YOU Fighting girlfriend!
  4. Evgeniy30
    Evgeniy30 21 July 2015 17: 39
    Kaliningrad region? It can't be, it's probably a typo, some kind of.
  5. Black
    Black 21 July 2015 19: 20
    In the villages, everyone from the age of 10, 11 (voluntarily, helping their mother), and from the age of 12 they worked on collective farms without fail. And they went after the cattle, and worked in the field on a par with the elders. In contrast to the urban (receiving wages), they ate from the "garden", but from the "forest". They endured a very difficult time and won. Bow to everyone.
  6. prosto_rgb
    prosto_rgb 22 July 2015 01: 36
    Such a wonderful article good , and so few comments what .
    Not even that.
    This is the author love