Military Review

Baltic Plant - construction of the country's nuclear fleet

16


Today the Baltic Shipyard is a brand associated with the nuclear icebreaker fleet countries. It is on the slipways of the St. Petersburg enterprise that the world's largest and unique orders are being built.

Now the Baltic Shipyard specializes in the construction of icebreakers and ice-class vessels, as well as large-tonnage vessels for the transportation of various cargoes. The world's only floating power unit in the world is being built as part of the FNPP and in 2017 will arrive at the base in the northern city of Pevek. For 159-year-old history The Baltic plant here is built around 600 ships and ships.

The shipbuilding enterprise has three construction sites - two stocks and a slipway. The A-berth of the Baltiysky Zavod is the largest in Russia and has a length of 350 meters. Currently, the construction of the 22220 60 MW, an atomic icebreaker of the project with the name “Arctic”, is under construction.


1. The Baltic Shipyard was founded in the middle of the 19 century, and in nearly 16 decades it has survived several wars, economic recessions and upsurges, and reorganization.
Today, the company remains one of the largest shipyards in Russia. At various times, the first metal ship in the country was built here - the armored gun “Experience”, the first combat submarine “Dolphin”, unique floating research and development complexes designed to support manned space flights, diesel-electric icebreakers, and heavy nuclear-powered cruisers. type "Kirov".

The plant is located in the western part of St. Petersburg, on Vasilyevsky Island, at the mouth of the Neva River. The company covers an area of ​​more than 650 thousand square meters and now about 4000 specialists work in workshops, departments and divisions. The plant continues active search and recruitment of qualified workers - after all, now the Balts will have to build a serial nuclear-powered icebreaker, and later a second serial icebreaker, the contract for which was concluded in May of last year.



2. The cycle of production of the order begins with the housing department, where the processing of metal and the manufacture of parts. At the moment, the shop is able to process up to 30 thousand tons of metal per year.



3. From the steel warehouse, the metal is transferred to the line, which makes it clean and primer.



4. Then, the processed metal is moved to the cutting site, where two Messer machines using plasma cutting process further metal processing.



5. Cutting and marking of parts from the rolled products is carried out on the robotized cutting line of the IMG company profile.



6. It also performs cutting holes, cutting edges of the profile parts, as well as drawing inverse (rectifiable curves) lines to perform bending parts without templates.



7. Transportation of sheets, profiles and parts outside the transport system is carried out with the help of bridge and semi-gantry cranes. Cranes are capable of turning metal sheets up to 180 tons by 12,5 degrees.



8. Manufacturing of units, flat sections of ship hulls and their assembly into volume is carried out in the assembly and welding shop.



9. Crane equipment of the workshop allows producing sections weighing up to 80 t.



10. The workshop is divided into 4 span, which are intended for the manufacture of a set, planar sections, the manufacture of foundations, bottom-side sections, etc. In addition, the workshop is equipped with an automated line of flat sections produced by Pema (Finland).



11. In the zero span, there is a section for the manufacture of volumetric sections, and in the near future it is planned to commission an already installed line of micropanels of the IMG company (Germany). The site is equipped with two bridge cranes with a load capacity of 50 and 80 tons. In the span of the No. 1 there are production areas for the set, planar and volumetric sections. In the span №2, there are sections for assembling and welding panels, making foundations, bottom-side sections and bulk sections of extremities. In the span №3 there are assembly sections of the bulk and bottom, side sections.



12. The welding equipment of the workshop includes automatic and semi-automatic machines for welding in the environment CO2, as well as installations for argon-arc welding.



13. Bulk section of the serial icebreaker in the 4 span of the assembly and welding shop.



14. Transportation of manufactured bulk sections and large-sized equipment is carried out with the help of two auto-trailers with a load capacity of 150 and 200.



15. To form the hulls of ships and ships and launch them into the water, the Baltic Shipyard has two inclined slipways (slipway "A" and slipway "B") and a covered slipway, designed to assemble ships and ships of increased complexity.



16. Building berth "A" of the Baltic plant with a length of 350 meters is the largest in Russia. It allows the company to build and launch ships with a deadweight of up to 100000 tons.

At various times, such orders as the cruiser Kirov, the nuclear-powered icebreaker 50 years of Victory, the heavy nuclear-powered missile cruisers Admiral Ushakov, Admiral Lazarev, Admiral Nakhimov and Peter the Great, as well as research ship "Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin", as well as two fodder parts "Mistral."



17. At present, the hull of the 22220 60 MW multi-purpose atomic icebreaker of the XNUMX project is being formed on the large A-berth.
The nuclear powered icebreaker named “Arctic” will be the largest and most powerful in the world!



18. The order for the construction of two production nuclear icebreakers of the 22220 project was received in May 2014.

Exceptional power supply allows them to overcome the ice thickness to 3 meters. As a result, the Northern Sea Route can be used almost all year round. However, the main task of the promising icebreaking flotilla is to ensure the delivery of hydrocarbons from the Yamal and Gydan fields. That is why the ship hull was made wider on the 4 meter than in the previous series.



19. The length of the vessel is 173 meters, the width is 34 meters, the draft on the constructive waterline is 10,5 meters, the minimum working draft is 8,5 meters, and the displacement is 33,5 thousand tons.



20. The two-draft design of the vessel allows using it both in the Arctic waters and in the estuaries of the polar rivers. The icebreaker will operate in the western region of the Arctic: in the Barents, Pechora and Kara seas, as well as in the shallower parts of the mouth of the Yenisei and in the Ob Bay area.



21. The main nuclear-powered icebreaker is to go on sea trials in the 2017 year.



22. Docking sections of the bow of the icebreaker head.



23. 26 May at the same slipway in a solemn atmosphere with the participation of Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, FSUE Rosatomflot CEO Sergey Kiriyenko, President of the United Shipbuilding Corporation (which includes BZS) Alexei Rakhmanov, guests and hundreds of Baltians made the first production icebreaker project called "Siberia".



24. The nose of the head nuclear icebreaker "Arktika".



25. In addition, other unique vessels are being formed on the stocks of the Baltic Shipyard. For example, the world's largest diesel-electric icebreaker with a capacity of 25 MW of the 22600 project “Viktor Chernomyrdin” is under construction at the small building berth “B”.



26. . Metallurgical production includes: foundry, model, forge-thermal and production of finished propellers.



27. Foundry manufacture manufactures ship and general engineering products for its own needs, according to the orders of shipyards and shipyards in Russia, the CIS, the Near and Far Abroad.



28. And in 2003, the Baltic factory for the Holy Trinity Sergius Lavra produced a bell weighing tons in 72 - the largest of all existing bells ever made in Russia!



29. In the forging shop produce forgings and forgings from both ferrous and non-ferrous metals.



30. Baltiysky Zavod is the only Russian manufacturer of large bronze and brass rowing screws weighing up to 70 tons and with a diameter of up to 8 m.



31. At present, the plant has orders for the manufacture of propellers for shipbuilding enterprises of the entire North-West region.



32. The screws produced are used on large-tonnage tankers, container ships and passenger ships, all types of naval ships, nuclear-powered icebreakers, speedboats, including patrol vessels.



33. For the manufacture of propellers are used mainly colored or stainless alloys.



34. Shop for the manufacture of propeller shafts.



35. Shafts can be up to 33 meters long and up to 70 tons in weight. The big shaft in the foreground is for the atomic icebreaker "Arktika".



36. And this shop is notable for the fact that there is a beautiful spiral staircase-ladder installed in it, which leads to the ordinary crane operator's cabin. It is said that this ladder was removed from the cruiser "Rurik" (1906, built) during the cut in 1925 year.



37. Out-of-embankment of the Baltic plant. Now the construction of the floating power unit (FBI) “Akademik Lomonosov” is being completed here.
PEB will be part of the world's first floating nuclear power plant of low power, consisting of a smooth-deck non-self-propelled vessel with two reactor installations.



38. PEB is intended for operation in the Far North and Far East. "Academician Lomonosov" in the future will be installed in the city of Pevek, Chukotka Autonomous Region.



39. A floating nuclear power plant can be used to generate electrical and thermal energy, as well as for the desalination of sea water. It can produce from 40 to 240 thousands of tons of fresh water per day.



40. The station is equipped with two KLT-40С modified reactor units, which are capable of generating up to 60 MW of electricity and up to 50 Gcal / h of thermal energy, which is enough to sustain the city with a population of 200 thousand people.



41. The lifetime of the plant will be at least 36 years: three cycles of 12 years, between which it is necessary to overload the reactor cores.



42. The length of the vessel - 144 meters, width - 30 meters. Displacement - 21,5 thousand tons.



43. The planned deadline for the completion of the construction and readiness of the safety and security policy for towing to the home site is September 2016. The planned commissioning of the main safety and security functions as part of the FNPP - 2017.



44. To install the add-on blocks afloat, the floating crane “Demag” of the 350 loading gauge is used, with a lifting height of up to 50 m. The height of the 76 crane itself is meters.

This crane was originally ordered in 1939 from the German company Demag. In 1940, it was pushed into Leningrad, but without a boom, which, according to German explanations, “due to the complexity of delivery”, was never delivered before the war. After the war, the Baltic plant manufactured and installed an arrow on its own.



45. Factory panorama

Originator:
http://gelio.livejournal.com/208834.html
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  1. prosto_rgb
    prosto_rgb 15 July 2015 07: 47
    +5
    Colossally !!!
    The article is informative, it is very interesting to read about what is now being built on stocks.
    1. DanSabaka
      DanSabaka 15 July 2015 09: 16
      +1
      Yes, the article is good.
      Especially interesting about PEB. I hope this is not the only planned power unit. Such stations are necessary for the development of the Russian north and the NSR, because in the conditions of permafrost construction is impossible, and energy is very necessary.
      1. Russian
        Russian 15 July 2015 10: 54
        +8
        The photo selection is great! The pace of construction is very good, but it turns out that when something is needed for our oil and gas companies we do quickly, and for military purposes, a frigate with a displacement of almost 10 times less can not be done. And has it never struck anyone that a diesel icebreaker of the Viktor Chernomyrdin class? What did he do this for the country? He stole everything to hell? Let's call Chubais, Gorbachev, Yeltsins
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. Aleksander
          Aleksander 15 July 2015 13: 25
          +4
          Quote: р_у_с_с_к_и_й
          And has it never struck anyone that a diesel icebreaker of the Viktor Chernomyrdin class?

          Precisely, too, "cut" the eye. Considering the "achievements" of this super-lingual ambassador to Ukraine, it is by no means possible to call him by his name - a bad omen for a ship!
          1. KERTAK
            KERTAK 16 July 2015 10: 37
            0
            Soon, cities will begin to grow on the northern sea route, especially since nuclear power plants are already being built for them
        3. pilot8878
          pilot8878 15 July 2015 20: 28
          +1
          Quote: р_у_с_с_к_и_й
          Has anyone caught the eye that a Viktor Chernomyrdin-class diesel icebreaker?

          God be his judge. I was more struck by the eyes of the names: IMG (Germany), Pema (Finland), Demag (Germany). Where are ours? Now app. it’s impossible to beg for units from these lines from the enemies - sanctions.
        4. Megatron
          Megatron 16 July 2015 03: 17
          +1
          Black-necked is the same enemy of our country, like humpback, gaydar, Chubais, Yeltsin, Germans, and all the rest from the same galaxy.
      2. Cheshire
        Cheshire 16 July 2015 09: 08
        -1
        This one is likely to be sent to Crimea. A fairly timely step in our leadership.
  2. THE_SEAL
    THE_SEAL 15 July 2015 07: 54
    0
    Very interesting. Article plus.
  3. ziqzaq
    ziqzaq 15 July 2015 08: 37
    +3
    Cool article !!!
    There would be more such articles and factories, and about pi ... s all around write even on the VO article the other day with a nauseous photo posted .... As if there are no more problems in the country ....
  4. Consul-t
    Consul-t 15 July 2015 08: 52
    +10
    I work at this factory. The article is really good.
    However, like much in our country ...
    The rearmament program in connection with the sanctions has been significantly reduced. The deadlines for large-scale projects are therefore in jeopardy. The plant team and management are making great efforts to maintain the pace of production. But...
    There are many, many questions, both organizational and technical.
    Look what welders work in, how they are dressed, what masks. Is this modern production? Yes, the equipment for welders is bought the most modern, but we also need to think about people. If a worker is comfortable working, then labor productivity will be an order of magnitude higher. This is the law of production.
    And the workshops? The problem is also that many workshops of the plant are architectural monuments and they cannot be touched, and the organization of modern production requires other technical solutions and facilities. All this imposes serious limitations on the possibility of modernization.
    1. ziqzaq
      ziqzaq 15 July 2015 09: 39
      +6
      Quote: Consul-t
      I work at this factory. The article is really good.
      However, like much in our country ...
      The rearmament program in connection with the sanctions has been significantly reduced. The deadlines for large-scale projects are therefore in jeopardy. The plant team and management are making great efforts to maintain the pace of production. But...
      There are many, many questions, both organizational and technical.
      Look what welders work in, how they are dressed, what masks. Is this modern production? Yes, the equipment for welders is bought the most modern, but we also need to think about people. If a worker is comfortable working, then labor productivity will be an order of magnitude higher. This is the law of production.
      And the workshops? The problem is also that many workshops of the plant are architectural monuments and they cannot be touched, and the organization of modern production requires other technical solutions and facilities. All this imposes serious limitations on the possibility of modernization.

      I really understand you, at the plant where I also work 40-year-old machines and other equipment, only we have a management - "effective managers" except for a horse, a glass and a mobile phone did not hold anything in their hands ...
      The other day we won a new paint booth, but we failed to win back the waterjet cleaning chamber, and we didn’t want to do the waterjet ourselves - they still cut it ....
      1. cosmos111
        cosmos111 15 July 2015 15: 47
        +1
        Quote: ziqzaq
        leadership - "effective managers" except for horse, glass and mobile phone did not hold anything in his hands

        IS THIS YOU, ABOUT THE "GOVERNMENT" OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION ???

        The shipbuilding industry of South Korea is about 300 plants, 30 of which can build ships with a deadweight of more than 10.000 tons. Despite the fact that by the end of the 2010 year, China was able to get ahead of Korea in the number of orders (China - 41,2%, Korea - 38%)

        http://koreanspace.ru/index.php?showtopic=9589

        South Korean shipbuilding corporation Daewoo Shipbuilding Marine and Engineering Co.
    2. UNFAMILIAR
      UNFAMILIAR 15 July 2015 22: 55
      +1
      Yes, they built you, a real imperial factory (I did not visit Severodvinsk enterprises, but I think you will win), and people on it work with an imperial mindset (it struck, relative to other St. Petersburg enterprises, a large number of Leningraders, although salaries are not fat, including and for welders), being in places for smoking, communicating with "guides-exploiters", average bosses, I wondered how you didn’t arrange an uprising for Pugachev, and now everything is right for the USC, and orders are needed. when a new object begins, if it has a history, I begin to study, unfortunately mainly on the network, its history (if any) general data on production (not general ones need to be studied), and so, for those who like to complain about Beria and Stalin, the Baltic workers contrived to shift the dates under Beria, and you are the sanctions - the general economic situation in the country, the fall in oil prices, the unfriendly financial and economic policy of the "partners", but this also hits everyone, as our general used to say ny "if you catch hold of the Baltic ...." caught, damn it. And our special clothes are the same, as in the city and in the country, tarpaulin-split for welders, and if he is without it, then probably on his own initiative (I don’t think there is a hole in the supply in the Baltic). they are submachine gunners, semiautomatic machines, and we have an arc, a foundry and blacksmiths are another matter, but the sets must be put in the locker rooms, and the Italian red-and-white beauty and the chameleons isolating with an exhaust hood would suit us at large diameters, but no. organization of production, then there is a way out, that is, you know it, but do you agree to go at least to eight in Kronstadt?
      PS Thank you to the photographer, and thank you and thank you to all the shipbuilders of St. Petersburg!
  5. Vadim Zhivov
    Vadim Zhivov 15 July 2015 14: 40
    +2
    Article plus, it would be possible to put ten pluses ... And then some Ukrainians, sanctions and disasters ... Thanks to the author ... hi
  6. Grishka cat
    Grishka cat 16 July 2015 23: 03
    0
    I read and looked through (photo) the article and breathed youthfulness. During the years of study at the Leningrad State Medical University named after S.O. Makarov in 84-85, we went on excursions to the Baltzavod on the stocks of a / l "Russia". Then classmates worked on it in the Arctic. They took us to different shops. It was interesting, I still remember, and next to the Baltic Steel Rolling Plant stands. We were shown to beardless youths how the Soviet nuclear icebreaker fleet was created! I STILL KEEP THESE MOMENTS IN LIFE AS THE MOST BRIGHT AND GOOD.