Military Review

Conduit enmity and confrontation

26
Conduit enmity and confrontation


The White House continues to pursue a policy of tough confrontation with Russia and adjust its strategic guidelines. 2 July The Pentagon introduced to the American public a new edition of the US National Military Strategy (NAF). The last time such a document, in which, in the most general terms, without any details, is a general assessment of the situation in the world, threats to US national security, as well as formulates the main tasks of the Armed Forces and defines general approaches to solving them, published in 2011 . The main thesis is that the US Armed Forces in all aspects are superior to their likely adversaries, but without the necessary funding they may not be able to protect their country and its national interests in the present and in the foreseeable future.

CHAIRMAN'S PREFACE

The preface to military strategies is usually written by generals who, at the time of their publication, head the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (JCSS). And this time, four-star general Martin Dempsey presented the new strategy to his subordinates and the American public. He noted that the security situation in the world today is the most unpredictable in all 40 years of his service. Dempsey stressed that since the publication of the penultimate edition of the Pentagon’s military strategy, the situation in the world has destabilized substantially, and the US military superiority continues to steadily decline.

Today, America’s security is simultaneously exposed to a multitude of threats emanating from its traditional opponents, interregional state associations and non-state groups. All these structures are trying to take advantage of the benefits that the intensive development of technology. According to the general, in the future, armed conflicts will develop in a much shorter time, last much longer, and their technical component will be much more complicated than weapons and military equipment used in modern theaters. All of this can negatively affect America’s security.

Dempsey writes that the new version of the NAF sets out general principles for using the Armed Forces to ensure security and protect America’s national interests. The general says that the United States must be able to quickly and adequately respond to any new challenges, while maintaining its superiority in confronting traditional threats. This should be ensured by the effective interaction of military structures with other instruments of state power, as well as with allies and partners. The strategy points out the need to ensure the possibility of deploying the US military on a global scale and preserving the existing system of military alliances. It once again focuses the attention of the leaders of the Ministry of Defense on the solution of such an important task as the formation of a highly trained, committed and ready-to-follow-up leadership of the Armed Forces.

As noted by the chairman of the military school of ministers, the use of the Armed Forces against states that directly threaten the United States differs significantly from their use in the fight against non-state entities. Such confrontations are likely to result in long military campaigns. To contain the escalation of such conflicts will be much more difficult. Their low predictability in reducing financial resources and the size of the Armed Forces requires a substantial revision of the global concepts of the military department and an adjustment of operational and strategic plans.

In conclusion to his preface, Dempsey notes that the new NAF emphasizes “the need to confront revisionist states” challenging the norms of international order and law, as well as “violent extremist organizations” that threaten global and regional security. To contain, counter, and, if necessary, defeat, the Armed Forces of the countries of potential opponents, the United States actively interacts with its allies and partners. At the same time, America is taking and will take all necessary measures to create coalition formations designed to counter, neutralize and destroy armed extremist militant groups.

MAJOR ENEMIES OF AMERICA

The authors of the strategy consider the current situation in the world to be very complex and rapidly changing. In their opinion, the change in the international situation is determined by the processes of globalization, the spread of technology and demographic shifts.

The drafters of the paper argue that globalization affects all aspects of human activity. Today, there is an extremely rapid movement of people, goods and information across state borders. The volumes of these flows are colossal. All these processes are catalysts for the economic development of the countries of the world. But they also lead to increased tensions in society, initiate a struggle for resources and exacerbate political instability.

The spread of new technologies leads to the development of the global information space. This allows people from different countries of the world to receive and process significant amounts of data, to develop more effectively and engage in creative activities, to exchange information and knowledge very actively, and also to group into interest groups much faster than it has been until now. Currently, individuals and organizations have access to vast amounts of data. This allows them to create target formations as soon as possible and act on the basis of the information received. In some cases, the result of such associations is increased violence. The proliferation of technologies for military use, the authors of the document indicate, lead to a reduction in the advantages that the USA has had for many years in, for example, areas such as providing early warning of a missile attack and delivering high-precision strikes.

But in Europe and Northern Asia, on the contrary, there is a reduction in the number and aging of the population. Millions of people around the world looking for work are moving from the countryside to the cities. There, they are beginning to acutely experience a cultural difference with the urban population, to feel social alienation and to face various diseases.

Most states, according to the NAF, led by the United States, their allies and partners, support generally recognized institutional structures and procedural norms designed to ensure conflict prevention, respect for state sovereignty and universally recognized human rights. However, some countries are trying to reconsider key priorities of international order and law and are acting in the direction of endangering US interests.

As noted in the NAF, Russia contributes to some areas of ensuring international security, including the fight against drugs and terrorism. However, she has many times demonstrated disrespect for the sovereignty of her neighbors and a willingness to use military force to achieve her goals. Russia, according to the creators of the NAF, by its military actions directly and indirectly undermines regional security through its henchmen and supporters. These actions are in violation of numerous agreements signed by the Kremlin, in which he pledged to act in accordance with the norms of international law, such as the UN Charter, the Helsinki Accords, the NATO-Russia Founding Act, the Budapest Memorandum and the Treaty on the Elimination of Medium and Short-Range Missiles .

The Pentagon’s strategy speaks of other opponents of America. Iran is designated in it as a state that poses a strategic challenge to the world community. Tehran, despite numerous resolutions of the UN Security Council demanding to close its military nuclear program, is actively creating atomic weapon and means of delivery. American strategists also consider Iran to be a sponsor of terrorism, which leads to destabilization of internal stability in many countries. By his actions, he condemns countless people to the suffering and at the same time deprives the Iranian people of their hopes for a safe and prosperous future.

North Korea’s efforts to build nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles also run counter to the repeated demands of the world community to stop implementing these programs. Such actions of the DPRK are a direct threat to its neighbors, especially South Korea and Japan. In the future, the NAF authors announce, such actions will threaten continental America. In addition, North Korea constantly carries out large-scale attacks on American information systems, causing significant damage to federal structures and private corporations.

The Pentagon strategists declare that they positively appreciate the strengthening of the PRC, and call on Beijing to become a partner in strengthening international security. However, China’s actions lead to increased tensions in the Asia-Pacific region. For example, its claims to almost the entire water area of ​​the South China Sea contradict the norms of international law. The world community continues to call on the PRC to resolve such issues in close cooperation with other countries, without threats and the use of military force. However, Beijing not only does not follow such appeals, but, on the contrary, is actively pursuing large-scale measures to expand and develop the coastal zones of the South China Sea Basin. Its activities in this region are aimed at creating the conditions for the deployment of its Armed Forces along important international sea routes.

The authors of the document say that, in the prevailing opinion, “none of these countries is seeking direct military confrontation with the United States” or with their allies. “Nevertheless, each of them represents a serious threat to world security, against which the international community collectively fights, pursuing a common policy, exchanging information and coordinating its actions,” the doctrine states.

“As part of these efforts, we still intend to cooperate with all countries, contributing to the sharing of our moral values, promoting transparency in relations and reducing the likelihood of possible miscalculations in the development of interaction. Accordingly, we will continue to make efforts to establish effective military relations with China in the military sphere and are ready, as before, to cooperate with Russia in matters of mutual interest, while urging both countries to resolve the contradictions in a peaceful manner in accordance with international law. ” - the authors of the doctrine stated.

KREMLIN RESPONSE

Press Secretary of the President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Peskov, commenting on the strategic document of the Pentagon, expressed deep regret that in the US position calculated for the medium and long term there are real statements about the hostility of Russia and America. In his opinion, the appearance in the American military doctrine of such formulations indicates a confrontational mood, devoid of any objectivity in relation to Russia.

“This, of course, is hardly conducive to attempts to steer our bilateral relations towards normalization, which is so necessary for the joint struggle against the existing challenges that the countries alone cannot find an answer to,” he added. The spokesman noted that such challenges include, in particular, the activities of the Islamic State group and other manifestations of terrorism and extremism on a global scale.

Answering the question of journalists about the light in which the United States can be reflected in a similar document of the Russian Federation, which is currently being prepared, Peskov said that it is too early to talk about it. “Let's wait for the appearance of this document. Of course, all the threats to the national security of Russia are taken into account, they are being worked out and appropriate countermeasures are envisaged, ”the presidential press secretary said.

At the enlarged Security Council meeting in the Kremlin, which discussed a range of issues related to ensuring security and national interests of Russia in the context of sanctions by a number of states, the President of Russia said: “Recent events show that we expect a change in the unfriendly course of some of our geopolitical Opponents in the foreseeable future is not necessary. " He also noted that Russia needs to respond appropriately to all actions of the West and "take additional systemic measures in all key areas."
Author:
Originator:
http://nvo.ng.ru/concepts/2015-07-10/6_pentagon.html
26 comments
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  1. Decathlon
    Decathlon 13 July 2015 14: 36
    +8
    "to change the unfriendly course on the part of some of our geopolitical opponents"
    So, like before, they did not feel any special love for us! Nothing, live!
    1. Stalker.1977
      Stalker.1977 13 July 2015 14: 47
      +1
      However, nothing new, and you are right, we live, and we do not live badly.
      1. Baikonur
        Baikonur 13 July 2015 14: 54
        +5
        If only we could declare to the whole world that the USA is a threat to peace, the axis of evil!
        Ameripedos then the whole world would be splattered with brown stool!
        It would be stink! Wow laughing
        1. Rostislav
          Rostislav 13 July 2015 15: 18
          +6
          If only we would say to the whole world that the USA is a threat to peace,

          So it’s true - the USA is a threat to peace. Everywhere there is blood and devastation: Vietnam, Afghanistan, Libya, Iraq, Syria.
          Why are we openly afraid to call a spade a spade and just listen to how Russia is blasphemed?
          Are you afraid of the "brown feces"?
          I do not understand.
          1. beer-youk
            beer-youk 13 July 2015 15: 25
            +2
            So the truth is just eyes and pricks!
          2. 222222
            222222 13 July 2015 16: 39
            +10
            laughing laughing laughing So it's true
            1. Kunar
              Kunar 13 July 2015 19: 58
              0
              And not only that .....
        2. Kent0001
          Kent0001 13 July 2015 20: 54
          0
          By the way, a sane idea. I believe that the United States should be publicly declared an "Evil Empire". There is more than enough evidence. Of course, the vassals of the United States will not officially notice this, but it will be the pure truth and this is the power.
      2. dobryak19
        dobryak19 13 July 2015 15: 18
        +10
        if Americans are angry and threatening, then Russia is doing everything right.
        1. Denis Skiff
          Denis Skiff 13 July 2015 17: 58
          +1
          Quote: dobryak19
          if Americans are angry and threatening, then Russia is doing everything right.
      3. oleg-gr
        oleg-gr 13 July 2015 19: 03
        +2
        American hawks sing their whole song to Congress: Russia is the enemy, give money, otherwise we will lose ...
      4. The comment was deleted.
    2. sent-onere
      sent-onere 13 July 2015 17: 56
      +1
      Similar US documents largely serve to knock money out of Congress. More important is the general tendency reflected in them to confront Russia, as a long-term trend in US policy as a whole. It is the change in this trend as a whole that should be the goal of Russia with reasonable concern for our security. It is necessary to more actively and more widely use the growing discontent in the USA itself with the indicated failed policy of the current US leadership.
      1. Kunar
        Kunar 13 July 2015 20: 03
        +1
        U.S. documents like this do not strengthen U.S. security, even regardless of the amount of money congress allocated
    3. Kunar
      Kunar 13 July 2015 19: 49
      +1
      And they don’t live in peace .....
  2. Andrea
    Andrea 13 July 2015 14: 39
    +7
    He noted that today the situation in the world from the point of view of security is the most unpredictable for all 40 years of his service.
    The rhetorical question - who brought the world to this?
  3. Vladimirets
    Vladimirets 13 July 2015 14: 42
    +8
    "but without the necessary funding they may not be able to defend their country"

    This, in general, is the main message.
  4. kil 31
    kil 31 13 July 2015 14: 46
    +7
    US strategists also see Iran as a sponsor of terrorism, which destabilizes internal stability in many countries. By his actions, he dooms countless people to suffering and at the same time deprives the Iranian people of hopes for a safe and prosperous future. In short, Iran has shown all the eastern states do not need to cave in under the United States; have self-esteem and independence. The United States does not like this; a riot of countries in the east is possible, against its governance. Then on the wings of the Air Force they will bring suffering to many people.
  5. ROMAN VYSOTSKY
    ROMAN VYSOTSKY 13 July 2015 15: 02
    +9
    Whatever the American generals would start to write - even a cookbook, it all the same comes down to one thing: a threat to peace from Russia (Iran, Cuba, Al Qaeda, China, etc.). Give me money, otherwise we won’t be able to guarantee the status of a superpower and observe national interests qualitatively.
    America must be destroyed!
  6. Stariknv
    Stariknv 13 July 2015 15: 15
    +5
    Any country that will develop in its own way and not obey the United States. That country will be the enemy of the United States because no one cannot dispel, not what America wants. Therefore, the threat to peace is primarily the United States.
  7. rus-5819
    rus-5819 13 July 2015 15: 35
    +4
    Sooner or later, America will turn from a superpower into an ordinary state.
    All its pseudo-power is based on the world domination of the dollar-currency by no means. As soon as the SCO-BRICS countries switch to the reserve currency, both the dollar and the euro will begin to bend. The euro will definitely collapse because gold given back to the USA will not be returned to anyone (recall the timid attempts by Germany to audit the gold reserves, I suspect that not everything is clean with other countries either). But everything is clear about the dollar: America printed so many of them.
    1. Andrea
      Andrea 13 July 2015 16: 26
      +1
      You can add, a huge number of enterprises, the states brought to China, Malaysia, India. Now we have caught up and are trying to work back. We'll see what happens if I forgot to work. request
  8. starshina pv
    starshina pv 13 July 2015 15: 50
    -1
    Quote: ROMAN VYSOTSKY
    Whatever the American generals would start to write - even a cookbook, it all the same comes down to one thing: a threat to peace from Russia (Iran, Cuba, Al Qaeda, China, etc.). Give me money, otherwise we won’t be able to guarantee the status of a superpower and observe national interests qualitatively.
    America must be destroyed!

    America needed to be torn down in 1945, but they had a bomb.
  9. vobels
    vobels 13 July 2015 16: 08
    +2
    We are not alone in the list, and nothing, we live. Although their statements do not prevent them from cooperating with us in a number of areas, including space exploration. And the economic collapse of the Americans is already creeping up. Let's wait ...
  10. Alexei.N
    Alexei.N 13 July 2015 16: 12
    +3
    Quote: dobryak19
    if Americans are angry and threatening, then Russia is doing everything right.

    I completely agree!!! The US is used to living in a society of "slaves" (EU countries and others) who dance to their tune.
    Russia was expelled from the G8, now there are Americans and their sixes.
    1. haak1970
      haak1970 13 July 2015 16: 35
      +1
      That's right!
  11. Consul-t
    Consul-t 13 July 2015 16: 38
    +4
    Today, America’s security is simultaneously exposed to many threats posed by its traditional adversaries, inter-regional state associations and non-state groups.


    Well, why wonder? Everywhere around the world, they noted themselves, they shamed everyone, and then they are surprised that no one loves them.
    Small children chewing cookies.
  12. olimpiada15
    olimpiada15 13 July 2015 16: 46
    +3
    The US is losing military superiority ... The country's security is exposed to many threats ...
    The military report resembles the tantrum of a mentally unstable lady, but, most interestingly, the policy of this inadequacy will be accepted as a guide to action.
    Absolutely seriously, in the modern world there are no military threats to the United States and they do not need to achieve military superiority, no one attacks them, especially Russia.
    But they need to be afraid of terrorist acts because they deserve revenge from many nations of the world: for the atomic bombing of Japan, for the bombing of the bombing of Vietnam with the use of chemicals, the bombing of Yugoslavia with depleted uranium, for the defeated Iraq because of the test tube, for Libya, for Syria, for the creation of al-Qaida terrorist organizations, arming ISIS bandits, for the revival of fascism in Ukraine, etc.
    Of course, civilized nations do not engage in terrorism, but the evil brought up by them in the form of terrorist gangs will certainly come to them.
    To combat terrorist attacks, there is no need to deploy bases around the world, but they also need to rattle their arms, create the appearance that they are able to defend, although they do not represent anything other than danger to the US world.
    They will be able to endlessly plunder the whole world, therefore, the "world order", or rather the world lawlessness, must end, and it will surely come.
  13. Mindaugas
    Mindaugas 13 July 2015 17: 18
    +3
    The West’s hatred of Putin is caused precisely by the fact that the BB is tough in defending Russia's interests. It’s a shame for the Americans. After all, they started all the rat fuss in Ukraine precisely because of the Crimea. They gave money for the Maidan and other poskakushki of the most obtuse sub-branch of the Slavs - the "Ukrainians". The goal was to squeeze the Russian Federation out of Crimea and immediately establish NATO military bases. Who owns Crimea is the master of the Black Sea. And all the rubbish about shale gas and the civil massacre in Donbass is bullshit, bullshit. A diversionary maneuver. And the unpredictable Russians politely spat on cunning plans and did not allow it. What audacity! Unheard-of insolence! Again, barbarians are ahead. Well, just like the seizure of the airfield in Pristina by Russian paratroopers in 1999. At that time, many in the NATO leadership grabbed their hearts and turned blue with rage.
    All senators click their teeth in impotent rage.
  14. Tor5
    Tor5 13 July 2015 17: 39
    0
    We’ve experienced it, we’ll survive it, we will experience it!
  15. kotvov
    kotvov 13 July 2015 18: 29
    +2
    Today, America’s security is simultaneously exposed to many threats,
    poor, poor America. Russia threatens it in Russia. In China-China, in Syria-Syria.
  16. TOR2
    TOR2 13 July 2015 21: 10
    +1
    The general says the US must be able to respond quickly and adequately to any new challenges,

    We can also quickly respond to any challenges ...
    See all photos smile
    http://ok.ru/profile/339756684750/statuses/64124717217230
    1. with onist1
      with onist1 13 July 2015 21: 49
      -1
      .

      Jordan, Sadovia and even Egypt understood the ultimate goals of those who seek to destroy them. Israel's rapprochement with these three states pushes the IS to confront it, albeit so far indirectly, through the Egyptian army.

      The Israelis did not fall into the trap of interference in the Sinai. At the same time, they provide Egypt with all satellite data and allowed him to introduce more soldiers and heavy equipment to the peninsula than is prescribed by the 1979 agreements. The Egyptian army has already blocked the path from the Gaza Strip to the Sinai and is able to drive out terrorists entrenched there.

      Egypt cannot but respond to the bloody drama of his army in the fight against Islamic terror. Cairo noted that the strike was perfectly planned, like a real military operation. In order to prevent the militants from entering Israel, the IDF decided to expand its resources along the borders, thereby sending a clear message to the Islamists. Egypt had to pay a high price in the fight against a terrorist organization, which raises some doubts about the operational capabilities of its army, which needs Israel at least for information from IDF drones. The ambiguity of Hamas’s position is related to the fact that the operation was carried out by the Ansar Beit al-Makdis movement, which is associated with it and al-Qaeda. Recently, it abandoned Al-Qaeda and swore allegiance to IS. All of this can undermine the restoration of relations between Egypt and Hamas.

      Most likely, this blow will not affect the decisive attitude of Egyptian President al-Sisi, who was going to intensify the fight against terrorists in Sinai. Apparently, he has already begun to take action: on July 1, nine members of the Muslim Brotherhood leadership were killed by Egyptian police, including Nasser al-Khafi, a former member of the 2012 People’s Assembly. They were accused of participating in a meeting at which several acts of sabotage were planned. In its defense, the Ministry of the Interior issued the following statement:

      “The law enforcement forces found machine guns and ammunition in the apartment, as well as a number of documents, one of which was entitled“ The Decisive Struggle ”. It outlined the "Decisive Day" plan, which included recommendations to the leadership of the Muslim Brotherhood, urging them to be patient and determined, to wait for the continuation of the jihad.

      Israel is closely following the events and will avoid any provocations by the Sinai armed groups until they touch its territory. The IDF sent troops to the Egyptian border to demonstrate the strength of the Islamic State. As a precaution, road 12 along the Egyptian border was temporarily closed to civilians. The IG understands that they can not play with fire for a long time when Israel is nearby.
    2. with onist1
      with onist1 13 July 2015 21: 49
      0
      .

      Jordan, Sadovia and even Egypt understood the ultimate goals of those who seek to destroy them. Israel's rapprochement with these three states pushes the IS to confront it, albeit so far indirectly, through the Egyptian army.

      The Israelis did not fall into the trap of interference in the Sinai. At the same time, they provide Egypt with all satellite data and allowed him to introduce more soldiers and heavy equipment to the peninsula than is prescribed by the 1979 agreements. The Egyptian army has already blocked the path from the Gaza Strip to the Sinai and is able to drive out terrorists entrenched there.

      Egypt cannot but respond to the bloody drama of his army in the fight against Islamic terror. Cairo noted that the strike was perfectly planned, like a real military operation. In order to prevent the militants from entering Israel, the IDF decided to expand its resources along the borders, thereby sending a clear message to the Islamists. Egypt had to pay a high price in the fight against a terrorist organization, which raises some doubts about the operational capabilities of its army, which needs Israel at least for information from IDF drones. The ambiguity of Hamas’s position is related to the fact that the operation was carried out by the Ansar Beit al-Makdis movement, which is associated with it and al-Qaeda. Recently, it abandoned Al-Qaeda and swore allegiance to IS. All of this can undermine the restoration of relations between Egypt and Hamas.

      Most likely, this blow will not affect the decisive attitude of Egyptian President al-Sisi, who was going to intensify the fight against terrorists in Sinai. Apparently, he has already begun to take action: on July 1, nine members of the Muslim Brotherhood leadership were killed by Egyptian police, including Nasser al-Khafi, a former member of the 2012 People’s Assembly. They were accused of participating in a meeting at which several acts of sabotage were planned. In its defense, the Ministry of the Interior issued the following statement:

      “The law enforcement forces found machine guns and ammunition in the apartment, as well as a number of documents, one of which was entitled“ The Decisive Struggle ”. It outlined the "Decisive Day" plan, which included recommendations to the leadership of the Muslim Brotherhood, urging them to be patient and determined, to wait for the continuation of the jihad.

      Israel is closely following the events and will avoid any provocations by the Sinai armed groups until they touch its territory. The IDF sent troops to the Egyptian border to demonstrate the strength of the Islamic State. As a precaution, road 12 along the Egyptian border was temporarily closed to civilians. The IG understands that they can not play with fire for a long time when Israel is nearby.
  17. with onist1
    with onist1 13 July 2015 21: 48
    0
    [
    But what if Israel hits IS?



    The Islamic state has not yet decided to openly attack Israel, but given the clashes of radicals with the Egyptian army in the north of Sinai, the Jewish state may soon abandon its neutrality.

    So far, the IS militants have not tried to oppose Israel. Neither directly in the Golan Heights, nor indirectly at the Jordanian border. They are well aware that the IDF response would be swift and crushing. IG is able to assess risks.

    So far, Israel has little interest in these radicals, whose ideology pushes them primarily to Islamize Muslim and preferably weak countries. They did not openly support the Palestinians and did not call for a fight against the Jewish state:

    "In the Holy Quran, the Most High ordered to fight with Israel and the Jews only after defeating the apostates and hypocrites."

    The paradox of the Islamic State lies in its contradictory position when it declares a total war to “Jews and Christians.” He is accused of forming a split in the Arab world, which only plays into the hands of Israel. Arab countries blame IS for cowardice, because it does not dare to strike at the Israelis, although they are within easy reach of its position. This suggests that the radicals are not really so fanatical and understand how far they can go. If for the sake of pleasure they had fired a pair of shells at Israeli positions, they would not have stayed in the region for a long time.

    Fight in egypt

    However, their strategy changed somewhat when they decided to strike at Egypt, which has strong power and a well-armed army. The Islamic state even ventured to approach the borders of Israel, which are closely monitored by the IDF. The motives of the IG are difficult to understand. Apparently, now it follows the guidelines of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, who announced the creation of the caliphate in Mosul last year. This year, he called on supporters to mark ramadan as a series of terrorist attacks that should leave a mark on their minds.

    All this dispelled the myth of an independent terrorist who acts on his own discretion. In parallel with this, on June 26, 25 believers were killed and another 200 were injured during a suicide bombing in a Shiite mosque in Kuwait. In a Tunisian hotel, 39 foreign tourists were killed. Finally, on July 3, a bomb exploded on a Cairo-Alexandria train in Egypt. The representative of the Islamic state al-Adnani confirmed the organization’s intention to make "Ramadan a month of disasters for the infidels."

    The direct clashes of the IS troops with the Egyptian army and large-scale operations near the Israeli border may push the Jewish state to abandon its neutrality. Islamists launched well-planned attacks using grenade launchers, heavy machine guns and dozens of SUVs. The Egyptian army responded with Apache helicopters and F-16 aircraft. Egyptian forces and attackers suffered heavy losses: about a hundred dead and many wounded.

    Mobilization of troops
  18. nikolaj1703
    nikolaj1703 14 July 2015 01: 20
    0
    It is necessary to follow the "bazaar"