Military Review

Criminalization of Russia. What is the essence of the influence of criminal counterculture on society

One of the most serious problems of modern Russian society is the criminalization of a significant part of the population. Under the criminalization should be understood not only and even not so much the growth of crime, as the penetration of ideology, lifestyle and thinking, the informal rules of the criminal environment in society as a whole. Most of these processes affect young people. Criminalization of society is born of social problems - inequality and polarization of incomes of the population, the crisis of the family, the destruction of a full-fledged system of education of the younger generations. Of course, crime has always existed.

What is criminal counterculture?

The criminalization of Russian society consists, first of all, in the widespread dissemination of criminal counterculture. As you know, in almost all countries of the world and in all historical periods, professional criminals had their own “counterculture,” which refers to the special jargon of the underworld, tattoos, specific song and narrative folklore, and above all, a special worldview and worldview. The professional criminal world has always been closed to ordinary people, which created an aura of mystery and romance around it. Rejected by official culture, the counterculture of the criminal world, however, is attractive to some sections of society. First of all, for young people from the social lower classes, who are extremely likely to associate their life path with the criminal world. Under the influence of the criminal counterculture there is a huge layer of lower social strata - those who are usually defined in sociology as lumpenized strata of the population. Russian scientist I.M. Matskevich, considering the phenomenon of the criminal subculture (he uses the concept of “subculture” for the “culture” of the criminal world), emphasizes that “the criminal subculture is not something special, as it sometimes seems. There is crime in any society, and everywhere it has its own subculture . The criminal subculture absorbs the fruits of the culture of society and, parasitizing on this society, also parasitizes on culture, being its antipode, and not a continuation ”(Matskevich IM Criminal subculture //" Russian Law on the Internet. "No. 1, 2005).

Criminalization of Russia. What is the essence of the influence of criminal counterculture on society

Perhaps, every country in the world has its own criminal counterculture, and representatives of professional crime have special ideological attitudes, lead a specific way of life, and often even outwardly differ from the majority of citizens. However, in the Soviet Union and, then, in the post-Soviet states - Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Georgia, etc., the criminal world has reached real “heights”, having managed to integrate its ideology into a “big society”. It was in the Soviet Union that both the unique criminal hierarchy formed in the places of deprivation of liberty, the specific code of conduct - “concepts”, and the nature of the relationship between the subjects involved in criminal activities and interacting with the professional criminal world formed. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the ideology of the criminal world from the walls of prisons and colonies, special vocational schools and special schools, disadvantaged areas of Soviet cities and townships stepped into the “big world”, managing to occupy significant positions in the cultural sphere of Russian society freed from the domination of the communist ideology. At one time, a wonderful Russian director and actor Stanislav Govorukhin published the book The Great Criminal Revolution in Russia. Although more than twenty years have passed since that time, the truth of Govorukhin’s words becomes more and more obvious every year. The generation of “bandits of the dashing nineties” was partly knocked out in disassembly, partly died from vices and diseases accompanying the criminal way of life, some turned into respectable businessmen or just ordinary people, just behind a bottle of alcohol recalling the “combat past”. But the vector of education of young people, which was formed in the Soviet era and reached, despite the numerous mistakes in youth policy, of certain heights, precisely in the 1990-s. and was lost. More precisely - the state itself abandoned the centralized youth policy, abandoned the "social sphere", without offering the population anything in return. For a guy from a working-class neighborhood, from a depressed settlement around an idle mine, the criminal route in the 1990s was viewed as the only possibility of a radical and rapid improvement in their own well-being. And simply - self-realization, salvation from total boredom. In modern Russia, organized crime has already acquired other forms, but the criminal ideology that was popularized in the 1990-s continues to influence young people.

From imperial Russia to democratic Russia

Perhaps the first who seriously became interested in the counterculture of the criminal world and drew attention to it, in Russia were writers. Yes, it was the classics of Russian literature that, at the end of the 19th century, turned to the study of the way of life and worldview of prisoners in numerous prisons and penal servitude in pre-revolutionary Russia. Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky left the famous "Notes from the Dead House", in which he talks about how he was serving a prison sentence in Omsk prison, and then - on hard labor. The life style and worldview of the criminal world of pre-revolutionary Russia is even more expanded, using the example of the social strata of Moscow, was portrayed by an excellent journalist and Moscow historian Vladimir Alekseevich Gilyarovsky. Gilyarovsky, who worked as a correspondent and moderator, including a criminal chronicle, was once a connoisseur of Moscow slums, about whom he left his famous works, which even today, after more than a hundred years, are read in one breath.

However, judging by the descriptions, despite certain similarities, the criminal world of pre-revolutionary Russia was still very different from the modern - and rather not in practical, but precisely in the ideological plane. Therefore, it would be correct to assume that the modern criminal counterculture in the form in which it exists in Russia was formed in the Soviet Union. It was in the Soviet camps that the final design of the "concepts" of the prison hierarchy took place. Later, from the camps, by means of freeing criminals and people who were in close contact with people who happened to be in prison, the criminal counterculture spread “in the wild”, and not only and not so much among professional criminals. As for young people, the spread of criminal counterculture among young people and adolescents was the result of, first of all, contacts with those young people and adolescents who had experience of imprisonment or long-term stay in a closed security institution. As stressed by ON. Fomenko, the proliferation of criminal counterculture contributed to the joint content of a large number of juvenile criminals and offenders in educational colonies, special schools and special vocational schools, receivers - distributors, remand prisons (Fomenko ON. Subculture of juvenile criminals // Modern scientific research and innovation. May, 2011.) .

In the Soviet Union, the topic of the existence of criminal counterculture was tabooed in publications designed for a wide circle of readers. In a socialist society, according to the official line of the party and the Komsomol, there could be no criminal countercultures. Of course, information about the prison hierarchy, "concepts", folklore was studied and analyzed, but only in the specialized literature - manuals for use by employees of the internal affairs bodies and prosecutors, textbooks for professional educational institutions of the system of internal affairs, reports of specialized conferences. Only after the beginning of “perestroika”, were the bans on information about the criminal counterculture gradually lifted. However, the lifting of the prohibitions also played a negative role in something. The “yellow press” of the end of 1980-s - the beginning of 1990-s, clinging to the topic of the criminal world as previously tabooed and therefore very popular with the Russian reader, began the actual romanticization of the criminal world. It was during this period that films about the criminal world entered the popular culture of the country, music in the style of “Russian chanson” acquired national love, which in reality is (for the most part) popularized and rather primitive prison lyrics. But for criminologists, sociologists, psychologists and other specialists studying the criminal counterculture, the abolition of ideological taboos was an excellent help, as it allowed to get unhindered access to the works of Western scientists who studied similar phenomena in their countries.

Sociologists studying the specifics of the formation and popularization of the criminal counterculture, it was found that it lies in the characteristics of the criminal behavior of its carriers. The latter primarily include prisoners of places of deprivation of liberty, former prisoners, persons professionally engaged in criminal activities, as well as the circle of persons on which prisoners, former prisoners and professional criminals influence, contributing to the formation of a special system of values ​​and behaviors. In fact, for many people, the criminal counterculture turns into a way of knowing the surrounding reality. With the help of the criminal counterculture, representatives of disadvantaged groups of the population form their own ideas about bad and good, about desirable and undesirable actions, trying to acquire a life philosophy and a life strategy. Assimilating the criminal counterculture, her newly minted adept sooner or later inclines to the recognition of acceptability for himself and for other criminal behavior. However, we must pay tribute, in modern Russia, under the influence of criminal counterculture, because of its enormous spread in society, there is an impressive circle of people who have never had anything to do with criminal activities, who have not served their sentences in prison. The paradox is that, despite their law-abiding, these people in the worldview are influenced by the criminal counterculture. Informal rules - “concepts” - for them even prevail over the laws of the state, and the leaders of the criminal environment can be viewed as authorities or, at least, as those people whose opinion should be listened to. Under the ideological influence of the criminal world today there is a huge part of the Russian youth and representatives of older generations (people of 30-45 years, whose young years fell into the era of the "nineties" with their inherent criminalization of consciousness and behavior). First of all, these are working youth from the provinces, in a word, those who are often called the word "Gopnik".

Youth - the object of influence of crime

It is young people in the modern world who become most susceptible to the influence of the criminal world, and there are reasons for this that are characteristic not only of Russia, but also of many other societies. The specificity of social life in the modern world, especially in a large city or megalopolis, with its glaring social inequality, obvious differences between the ethnic groups of the city’s ethno-confessional and social communities, psychological and ecological discomfort, create favorable conditions for the spread of all sorts of negative behaviors - from alcoholism and drug addiction before the spread of youth crime. Criminal counterculture is becoming a life landmark for young residents of cities and large cities. In Russia, rather small cities are subject to criminalization, especially the former industrial mono-cities, in which, after the closure of the main city-forming enterprises or a significant reduction in the scale of their work, a real vacuum has emerged in the field of employment and vocational training for young people. The most active part of the youth leaves such settlements, in search of a better life, moving to megacities. Less self-motivated young people remain, whom lack of money and idleness, as well as pernicious alcohol and drug addictions, lead them to take the criminal path. On the other hand, in small towns the control of law enforcement agencies is weaker, the level of communication between people, especially young people, is higher, so that the norms and values ​​of the criminal counterculture quickly spread to the youth environment, and their generators and translators gain authority among young people and adolescents become a kind of "spiritual mentors" of the latter. It's hard not to agree with K.A. Radovitsky, who sees in the criminal counterculture "danger in the sense that it affects, as already noted, the general population and characterizes a certain level of development of society, expressed in the devaluation of legal and moral values ​​(serving the interests of the underworld, the criminal subculture inevitably enters in contradiction with generally accepted cultural values), criminogenic forms of organization of its life and the relationship of its members. A characteristic feature of such a subculture is the active and ubiquitous cultivation in the public consciousness of patterns and norms of behavior of the criminal environment, the imposition of elements of criminal creation, the propaganda of the ways of solving problems and clarifying relationships characteristic of this subculture ” Criminal subculture in modern Russian society //). The criminal counterculture is based on the criminal behavior of an individual. Edwin Sutherland considered it as a result of social disorganization of society, since the scientist believed that people’s tendency to crime was not determined by the genetic and biological characteristics of a particular person, but by the social reality in which the person lives and functions.

Migration and criminalization - two sides of the same coin?

The pioneers of studying the criminal counterculture in its youth version became, of course, American sociologists. After all, the United States of America due to the specifics of its socio-economic and socio-cultural development, before other states faced the phenomenon of youth organized crime. The first half of the twentieth century was the heyday of youth and teenage gangs that operated in major American cities and were formed primarily on the basis of the ethnicity of their members. As a “land of migrants,” the United States became a new home for many millions of Italians and Jews, Irish and Chinese, Latin Americans and Poles. At the same time, among the English-speaking American population, there have been historically serious contradictions on racial grounds — African Americans, up to the present, are the most criminalized and explosive layer of the population of the United States of America, making up the majority of American prisoners. The areas of compact residence of African Americans, as well as representatives of a number of migrant groups of the population, have historically been considered the most dangerous for outsiders in American cities. In the twentieth and, especially, the XXI centuries. The problem of youth ethnic crime faced many countries of Western Europe, and then Russia. The growth of migration processes in the modern world has led to the emergence of impressive foreign ethnic and foreign cultural diasporas, whose representatives, especially young people, being brought up in a slightly different system of coordinates, can show aggressive and even criminal behavior in receiving countries.

The criminality of young migrants or children of migrants is a consequence of their cultural differences from the population of the receiving society, and the result of marginal social affiliation, and a kind of “preemptive” response to possible discrimination by the indigenous population. In any case, both Russia and the Western world today face a very serious problem that threatens both public order and the national security of states. Young migrants are very plastic and pliable for ideological impact social material. Moreover, the criminalization of the migrant environment is far from the only danger for host countries. Given the events of recent years in the Middle East, the spread of religious extremist sentiment among young migrants is becoming a serious threat. By the way, it was the young children of migrants who became the basis of that stream of “volunteers”, which is sent from European countries to participate in hostilities in the Middle East - on the side of the “Islamic state”. Extremists show aggressive behavior on the territory of European states themselves. Thus, the brutal murder of a British soldier by two Afro-British who belonged to one of the radical fundamentalist organizations is widely known. Even more famous was the massacre of employees of the French comic magazine, also committed by French citizens of North African origin. Street robberies, thefts, riots, fights are a much more common example of the "daily activities" of youth groups that dilute traditional criminal counterculture with politicization that has not been welcomed in the professional underworld.

As the French philosopher and sociologist Jean Baudrillard emphasized in a somewhat emotional tone, young migrants deny the values ​​and attitudes that prevail in Western society. Moreover, they also reject the social policies of the host countries, seemingly aimed at improving the situation of the migrants themselves. Schools, kindergartens, hospitals - the entire social infrastructure - ultimately represents for them less importance than the opportunity to show and prove their "otherness", including through aggression against the indigenous population. The German sociologist Klaus Bers believes that the ethnic nature of organized youth crime in the modern countries of Western Europe is explained by social factors, first of all, by the belonging of migrants and their children to the “social lows” of European society. Most of the migrants occupy a marginal position, they and their children will never break out of the “social ghettos” or move to a different social stratum. The life of migrants and their children on the sidelines of European societies implies a constant bitterness, an obsession with finding livelihoods, a sense of self-discrimination on the part of the indigenous population. In fact, criminal activity remains the only possible way to more or less quickly gain money from representatives of migrant youth. Especially - in terms of unemployment, which in all Western countries reaches considerable proportions. Ethnic youth criminal gangs sooner or later merge with “adult” ethnic organized communities, or continue to function as their recruitment bases, from which more “serious” criminal organizations can constantly recruit new members.

"Youth Tribes" in the "urban jungle"

The main field for the implementation of the criminal counterculture in the youth environment becomes the youth group - a spontaneous union of young people and adolescents, later acquiring more decorated features. The authority of the group is maintained through open violence, at the same time to maintain internal discipline in the group, more often than not, there is a set of rules that the leaders of the group try to write (or “pull”) to more universal unwritten norms and rules of the criminal world. The youth group attracts young people with their aggressiveness and activity, possible real influence, which not only adolescents from neighboring districts can be reckoned with, but also pedagogical workers, employees of municipal authorities and law enforcement agencies. An interesting model explaining the behavior of young people and adolescents dropping into semi-criminal groups and “packs” was presented by the French philosopher Michel Maffesoli, who believes that youth subcultures that function in a post-industrial society should be viewed as a kind of analogue to archaic, primitive tribes. The youth groups operating in the “stone jungle” of megacities and large cities resemble archaic tribes in a number of ways. First, they also have a controlled territory or a “desired control” territory (that is, the one they claim to be). This territory should be protected from the "raids" of possible competitors in the face of neighboring groups. An encroachment on a territory carried out in one form or another is one of the main causes of conflicts between various youth groups in the modern city. Secondly, many youth groups have their own distinctive features, which allow to distinguish "their" in the crowd with the help of a special type of hairstyle, clothing, gait, etc. Finally, the “youth tribes” of the modern metropolis are distinguished by the presence of archaic forms of the internal hierarchy, in which there can be either one very authoritarian leader, or several cooperating or competing leaders, or there can be no leaders at all. Many youth groups have their own rituals and emerging folklore, and this “culture” of young offenders may differ in its manifestations from the “adult” criminal counterculture.

According to some American sociologists, the specificity of the activities of youth groups is based on the desire to assert its priority in the controlled territory. Initially, the task of the group becomes the establishment of control over the territory and its preservation under the conditions of tough confrontation with competing neighboring groups. However, if the task is successfully accomplished, the youth group may try to move to offensive actions, displacing weaker competitors and crushing more and more vast territories under its influence. Actually, adult criminal gangs act in the same way, which in Russia of the end of 1980's - the beginning of 1990's. often formed on the basis of youth groups. To participate in a youth group, and, moreover, to gain leadership or authoritative positions in it, it is necessary to possess the appropriate personal qualities and assimilate the criminal counterculture. At the same time, the norms and rules of the criminal counterculture can be observed not particularly actively, but it is always necessary to create the appearance of carefully following unwritten “concepts” and cultivating the criminal counterculture among subordinates, punishing the latter for departing from the traditions of the criminal world and violating “concepts”.

Social inequality leads to crime

In Russia, the most fertile conditions for the prosperity of the criminal counterculture have developed in a socially disadvantaged environment. As is known, a significant part of the country's population currently lives below the poverty line. Social inequality has become a real problem for modern Russia, especially since the polarization between the individual richest and the poorest social groups reaches multiple scales. However, the criminal counterculture, spreading among young lumpen and marginal, covers with its ideological influence and more prosperous segments of the population. This is largely due to the fact that a significant part of the current businessmen and even civil service officials in the days of their youth, and this is mainly. 1980-e - 1990-ies., It was itself influenced by the criminal counterculture, and some of them have a virtually unhidden criminal past. The expression "authoritative businessman", denoting the leader of the criminal environment, having a "weight" in the criminal and near-criminal world, was born in post-Soviet Russia and took root only in it. In other countries, they talk about the mafia, about the “mafia bosses”, but it does not occur to anyone to turn the leader of the criminal environment into authority for ordinary people who are not connected with the criminal world and not leading a criminal lifestyle. In Russia, 1990's, in conditions of a total collapse of the economy, weak functionality of the authorities, including law enforcement agencies, it was often the criminal world that turned out to be the only informal institution that the average Russian citizen could rely on or assist in resolving various issues . There were cases when “bandits” helped more effectively than law enforcement agencies, and their “services” in solving problems turned out to be cheaper and trouble-free. Of course, this also contributed to the popularization of criminal counterculture in the post-Soviet Russian society.

The radical changes in the life of Russian society after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the transition to a market economy took the population by surprise. Citizens of Russia faced such serious problems as unemployment, inflation of prices for goods and services, the commercialization of education, for which they turned out to be simply not ready, moreover, they were deprived of immunity to such phenomena, which were practically absent in Soviet society. The strongest blow fell on the younger generation of Russians. The lack of prospects, the impossibility of not only acquiring their own housing, but also finding a decent job, contributed to the spread of all sorts of social vices among the youth and adolescents - drunkenness, drug addiction, prostitution. A significant part of the youth was criminalized, another joined radical political unions of an extremist orientation. After two decades that have passed since the beginning of radical reforms, it should be noted that many normal people came out from yesterday’s “gangsters” and yesterday’s “extremists”, who became entrepreneurs and politicians as the socio-economic and political situation stabilized , government employees, scientists and teachers. These are those who have found the strength to "go up", who initially possessed a certain life potential and, possibly, specific social resources. Modern youth, who are also largely influenced by the criminal counterculture, will not have such an opportunity. Channels of vertical social mobility in modern Russia are becoming increasingly controllable, and many areas of activity are now virtually closed to people from the lower classes, since the latter cannot receive proper education, but if received, they have no guarantee of employment in their specialty. The overlapping of the channels of social mobility, which is turning Russian society into a class and even caste, again, is pushing the broad masses of youth into the arms of the underworld. Sociologist V.N. Tymoshenko cites data from the World Health Organization, according to the report of which, “youth gangs are formed where the existing social system collapsed and there are no alternative forms of cultural behavior. Among other socio-economic, community-based interpersonal factors that push young people into gangs, the authors of the report cite the lack of opportunities for social or economic mobility in a society where the consumer lifestyle is aggressively preached; reduced effectiveness of law enforcement; cessation of schooling, as well as low pay for unskilled labor ”(V. Timoshenko Rascol-gangs or new "generals of sand quarries". Part 1. //

Socio-economic problems in the life of Russia in the 1990-ies. contributed to the mass impoverishment of the Russian population and the associated marginalization of entire social strata. The number of lumpenized and marginal segments of the country's population — the so-called “social bottom” - has grown many times. A numerous layer of completely deprived, lumpenized people was formed, among whom criminal counterculture was established in its various modifications. All these people are homeless, professional beggars, vagrants, street children, illegal migrants from the former Soviet republics, alcoholics and drug addicts, prostitutes, pimps who did not find classes in the “civilian” and the combatants who went into the world of alcohol-drug illusions in the “hot” points ”and former athletes - all of them, to one degree or another, are the field of influence of value and behavioral attitudes of the criminal counterculture.

As for the more prosperous segments of the population, who, in theory, were supposed to be deprived of the "pleasure" of regular communication with the carriers of the criminal counterculture, their criminalization was carried out using popular culture - the same cinema, radio, television, "yellow newspapers." It is mass culture that is responsible for spreading jargon in the “philistine” environment, primitive and distorted ideas about “life in prison” and about the criminal world, for romanticizing the image of a criminal and a prisoner, for popularizing “thieves” song and narrative folklore. However, what has the state done in order to prevent the much-needed in terms of profit, but extremely dangerous for the spiritual and moral foundations of society, the promotion of criminal counterculture? In 1990-ies, the state got rid of the regulation of the cultural sphere of society, which did not fail to affect the fall of culture, spirituality and morality in post-Soviet Russia, which is most clearly manifested in the example of modern Russian youth and adolescents. The destruction of the Soviet political and economic system was accompanied by the so-called “de-ideologization” of Russian society, within the framework of which there was a rejection of the educational policy, which was formed during the entire period of existence of the Soviet state and demonstrated a very high performance. In 1990-ies through television, radio, newspapers, cinema, among the young people, apoliticality was asserted, it was suggested that the young man should not be engaged in and even interested in social and political problems, but should only be entertained and “make money”. This vicious ideological stance complemented the influence of the criminal counterculture, also corrupting and disorienting the Russian youth.

Thus, summing up what has been said, it can be noted that in the post-Soviet Russia the criminalization of society, in the first place - the youth environment, has reached enormous proportions. One of the manifestations of the criminalization of society was the spread of the criminal counterculture beyond the commonality of its traditional carriers - representatives of the professional criminal world and the underclass. The popularization of criminal counterculture in Russian society became possible not only due to the direct influence of the underworld and social classes on other social strata, but also due to the lack of clear ideological guidelines for the development of the state, the destruction of youth policy in the 1990s, the deepening of social inequality and social polarization of the population. Most likely, the Russian state, despite possible measures of a controlling and prohibitive nature, will not be able to “decriminalize” Russian society in the foreseeable future, minimize the impact of the criminal counterculture on the Russian population, including the youth. The only exception can be a cardinal turn of the state towards solving the problems of education and upbringing of the younger generations, fighting crime of all kinds and its propaganda, reducing social inequality and social distance between certain groups of the Russian population.
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  1. Russian063
    Russian063 9 July 2015 05: 16
    crime is eternal as long as there is social inequality.
    1. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich 9 July 2015 05: 51
      Quote: Russian063
      crime is eternal as long as there is social inequality.

      I think that there was a problem too long before Saltykov-Shchedrin!
      1. user
        user 9 July 2015 12: 47
        I think that there was a problem too long before Saltykov-Shchedrin!

        There is a phrase "Crime is a normal human reaction to abnormal living conditions."
      2. Dart2027
        Dart2027 9 July 2015 19: 03
        And let this "classic" name the country where this is not done. Fair criticism is one thing, such pearls are another.
    2. CARLSON
      CARLSON 9 July 2015 05: 59
      Or maybe, as Zhvanetsky said, the CONSERVATORY also needs to change something, and not blame everything only on social inequality
      1. Igor39
        Igor39 9 July 2015 09: 24
        From the point of view of law, crime is a normal reaction, of normal people, to abnormal living conditions.
        1. Rostislav
          Rostislav 9 July 2015 11: 52
          DO YOU call a "normal reaction" readiness to kill and maim in pursuit of money?
          What were the "abnormal living conditions" that gave birth to black realtors who killed old people in order to take possession of apartments?
          1. Mahmut
            Mahmut 10 July 2015 11: 06
            From the point of view of law, crime is a normal reaction, of normal people, to abnormal living conditions.

            And from my point of view, this is an abnormal reaction of abnormal people to abnormal living conditions.
        2. Vasilenko Vladimir
          Vasilenko Vladimir 9 July 2015 14: 14
          Quote: Igor39
          From the point of view of law, crime is a normal reaction, of normal people, to abnormal living conditions.

          a peculiar point of view, but what about a crime such as rape?
      2. Vasek Trubachev
        Vasek Trubachev 9 July 2015 10: 50
        The reason for the crime is lack of spirituality, not social inequality. Between Cain and Abel, there was no social inequality, both were the only sons of Adam. But out of jealousy of his brother, Cain killed Abel.
        A man has Six internal enemies: lust, anger, envy, greed, fear and illusion. The Vedas claim that these six paths lead a person to hell.
    3. Petrol
      Petrol 9 July 2015 10: 40
      Slavs are not thieves not pyanitsa not gpniks not Americans not Jews not Arabs.
      Slavs are Slavs and you need to live according to the customs of the ancestors, and not in capitalism, socialism or some other garbage
      1. Vasilenko Vladimir
        Vasilenko Vladimir 9 July 2015 14: 15
        Quote: Benzin
        and you need to live according to the customs of the ancestors

        zhivopsino hang taty on oaks?
        I am for!!
    4. knn54
      knn54 9 July 2015 12: 25
      “The criminal world is what the state allows it to be. "
      Daniil Koretsky.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. APES
        APES 9 July 2015 13: 38
        Quote: knn54
        The criminal world is what the state allows it to be

        I completely agree!!!
        would give a command - in 24 hours the issue would be resolved. everything and everyone is known (addresses, appearances, passwords)
        In the 90s, the rampant banditry was deliberately arranged - so that the people could be hammered through "holes" by "non-state" methods, so that they were afraid and would not rock the boat to interfere with "sawing" - privatizing. when the need for this has disappeared - tightened the nuts - to the desired limit.

        and the organized criminal world is one of the controls,
        "funny" - look at the names from the list of 300 thieves in the law of the Russian Federation - who are these people and what are they doing on Russian soil and who allowed them to ??? !!!
        1. Vasilenko Vladimir
          Vasilenko Vladimir 9 July 2015 14: 16
          Quote: APES
          would give a command - in 24 hours the question would be resolved.

          stupidity, you can reduce and control but win ...
    5. The comment was deleted.
    6. APES
      APES 9 July 2015 13: 48
      Quote: Russian063
      crime is forever while there is

      what do you think, if you give everything to the inveterate and not so criminal what he wants - he will immediately become law-abiding, and most importantly, good and kind ???

      My opinion - the main soil of this phenomenon in the Russian Federation - is dysfunctional families - for it all starts with the parents, and in most cases children pay for the sins of their parents.

      In the USSR, this was leveled at the expense of the school, and now it’s scary to go to many schools yourself !!!
    7. Bayonet
      Bayonet 9 July 2015 17: 41
      Quote: Russian063
      crime is eternal as long as there is social inequality

      And what kind of equality can there be if one works and the other just does not want, but the requests of the ого th? Why plow, if you can steal, take away .... I think many of them know or have come across.
  2. The comment was deleted.
  3. yurta2015
    yurta2015 9 July 2015 06: 52
    The article is good. I disagree with the author only in one thing, that the criminal anti-culture began to spread widely in our society only from the end of the 80s. I think it began more than 30 years earlier, after the gates of Stalin's camps were opened and millions of people crippled by the camp system began to return to ordinary life. It was they who passed on the foundations of criminal culture to a wide range of young people in contact (and not only young people). It was then, in the second half of the 50s, early 60s, that songs on a criminal theme first gained significant popularity. Even V. Vysotsky did not escape this hobby at that time. This is where the legs "grew" in hazing, which first appeared in our army and navy since the 60s. So the crime of the 90s did not appear out of nowhere. It grew on already well-fertilized soil after the punitive hand of the state that kept it in check was weakened.
    1. Self-willed
      Self-willed 9 July 2015 08: 09
      Quote: yurta2015
      It was then, in the second half of the 50s, the beginning of the 60s, that the criminal songs became significant for the first time

      Well, it seems to me before, after the revolution there was a rampant banditry, street children. And judging by the songs, "Murka", "From the Odessa kichman", etc., are songs from the 20s.
      1. yurta2015
        yurta2015 9 July 2015 10: 40
        The rampant gangsterism was very harshly stopped by the Soviet security agencies until the middle of the 20's. And after the abolition of the NEP and collectivization, the ground for criminal crime was significantly reduced (private property was largely liquidated and the accumulation of the population was industrialized in various ways). In addition, the strength of the Stalinist system was the high efficiency of the fight against crime. As a result, by the end of the 30's, the vast majority of professional criminals were in prison, and the crime rate was quite low.
        As for "murka", this is the criminal folklore of Odessa Jews. It was the Jews who were the organizing backbone of the Odessa criminal world from the moment this city was founded and, perhaps, to the present day.
        1. Self-willed
          Self-willed 9 July 2015 11: 37
          This is true, but cultural phenomena cannot be eliminated immediately in a directive way, the consequences can drag on for many years. Take the same "Murka", I don't remember what it was sung, but the people knew it. Or, for example, Nikulin, a famous artist, director of a circus, recalled on one of the TV programs (if I'm not mistaken this is "Ships came to our harbor."). At the front, intelligence comes from a mission - Nikulin sing our favorite. And he sang, a song that you can't perform on the radio, the words - "You walk drunk, half-naked, all alone along the dark streets ..." The song is not quite a thug, but very close, besides, with such a clear erotic meaning, which is quite understandable - war, longing for women.
          And the songs stay popular, that's the thing. At Rosenbaum's, I am a repeated witness, the audience enthusiastically sings en masse "Hop stop, we came from around the corner ..." And the audience is mostly intelligent. And why? in my opinion, because these songs "Murka", "Gop stop" they echo with some Russian folk songs. Here, my grandfather had one of his favorite songs "Khaz Bulat daring ..." And the storyline there is one to one, the entourage is just another. Or here is the famous beloved by the people about Stenka Razin where he is - "and throws her overboard into the oncoming wave." This is a song about a male brotherhood, but they are robbers, crime.
          So deep in us it all sits.
          1. yurta2015
            yurta2015 9 July 2015 17: 18
            I didn’t live in Stalin’s times and I don’t know if "Murka" was popular then among the people. In my opinion, it is unlikely that ordinary Russian people knew her at all. As for the intelligentsia, the popularity of this song among them is understandable. After all, the Russian intelligentsia of that time can only be considered conditionally. The revolution and the civil war actually deprived the country of most of it (died or left for emigration). The decline was made up for by the most educated part of the population loyal to the Soviet regime, that is, mainly by Jews. They instilled in this layer a passion for Jewish criminal folklore. By the way, Rosenbaum, as far as I know, is also a Jew.
            1. Self-willed
              Self-willed 9 July 2015 23: 51
              Quote: yurta2015
              I didn’t live in Stalin’s times and I don’t know if "Murka" was popular then among the people. In my opinion, it is unlikely that ordinary Russian people knew her at all.

              Well, I also did not live in those days, but it seems to me that the song was quite popular. There is simply some evidence of this. Well, firstly, there are memories that Utesov, of course not at official concerts, performed similar songs, moreover, he did this at the request of the public. Secondly, many options have survived to this day, and this despite the fact that the song in the collections, of course, was not published. And of the sound carriers there was only a phonograph record and on it it also could not be in any way. Only two media remained - either from memory or handwritten. This probably explains a large number of options, and the geography of actions up to Siberia. Why I say so, I'm just fond of song folklore, I have a large collection of different songs - these are thieves, and student, yard, army, and these songs are not new, namely the Soviet era.
              And thirdly, what can explain the popularity. The plot itself is essentially classic, it is enough to recall Lermontov's "Masquerade" or the world classics "Othello" by Shakespeare. Everything fits into one line: beloved woman - jealousy - tragedy.
    2. O_s_c_a_R
      O_s_c_a_R 9 July 2015 08: 09
      Yes you are right.
      The war "wiped out" an entire generation of Soviet society, brought up in the best traditions of socialist ideology. Persons with a criminal past were not taken into the army. It was only later, criminals from the zones began to be recruited for "redemption with the blood of their past." To our great regret, most of these came from the war as victors, hung with orders and medals, to which they listened, imitated them.

      PS Attention !!! My opinion is not an attempt to insult or humiliate Our Veterans. An article about the origins of the criminalization of society.
    3. Captain45
      Captain45 9 July 2015 10: 50
      Quote: yurta2015
      I think it began more than 30 years earlier, after the gates of the Stalinist camps opened and millions of people mutilated by the camp system began to return to normal life. It was they who transmitted the basics of criminal culture to a wide circle of contacting take off young people (and not only young people).

      Judging by the statements of the Milchins-brewers-Mironenko in the "Stalinist camps", about 80% sat for "politics", and 20% of the "blatari, urkagans" and all "political" were exceptionally intelligent, highly spiritual, educated people, many staunch Leninists, staunch Marxists So how did it happen that 20% managed to instill in the remaining 80% their "thieves 'views and concepts", that upon returning these 80% to "freedom" they managed to transfer the foundations of this "thieves' culture" to the younger generation? VS Vysotsky said this well in his book "Black Candle" on behalf of the thief Dyak: "However, in every beast there is a little wolf, and in every person ... he is born, and he is so tiny .. - The clerk showed the most the tip of the little finger, - just a tiny thief buried himself. And he waits. He got his job, got out of it. With a chuckle he whispers in his inner voice or in the voice of his wife: “Look, Zakhar, Stepan Stepanich has some kind of mansion?! then it began. Zakhar grabbed once-provoked luck. three-emboldened. Power received in the district committee or city committee .... He began to live with two lives: a fraer for the sake of appearance, but in his gut ... his life he lives by nature. "(c) So, if a person cannot overcome himself and is ready to accept the conditions offered to him and follow, then no social conditions will keep him from crime. from my point of view, if a person is ready and wants to plunge into crime, then he will do it, if a person has a moral core or spirit, if he realizes that it is impossible to break the law, then he will remain a person. The eternal struggle between good and evil in the soul.
  4. moskowit
    moskowit 9 July 2015 06: 53
    Everything is correct. This process began in the late 80s and is moving forward very actively. There are many reasons for this. The decline of culture, the imposition of "values ​​of the Western world" and the like ...
    1. Salieri
      Salieri 9 July 2015 14: 56
      Exactly. One of the fundamental reasons for the criminalization of society is the difference between traditional norms of behavior and the law. If the law contradicts tradition, then society for the most part lives according to tradition, and not the law, which automatically "criminalizes" this very society. During the time of Peter I, there was such an incident: Petya, being nothing but a hangover, wrote a decree prohibiting the carrying and use of knives. This is despite the fact that a knife in a peasant farm is the first tool - to slaughter a cattle and chop bread. It is not difficult to guess that 99,9% of the population of Russia became criminals. So it was in the late 80s, early 90s: the old laws and norms were eliminated, and they were replaced by alien Western ones, born in completely different conditions and mental environment. Accordingly, as a defensive reaction, the population began to live "according to concepts" and not according to laws, since "concepts" were spiritually closer to the new laws.
      1. Vasilenko Vladimir
        Vasilenko Vladimir 9 July 2015 14: 59
        Quote: Salieri
        Accordingly, as a defensive reaction, the population began to live "according to concepts" and not according to laws, since "concepts" were spiritually closer to the new laws.

        some kind of porridge, they allowed to steal and kill ?!
  5. Moskit
    Moskit 9 July 2015 07: 25
    Comrades and you read Vladimir Gilyarovsky "Moscow and Muscovites", what is happening now in Russia does not lend itself to any comments.
  6. parusnik
    parusnik 9 July 2015 07: 27
    Criminalization of Russia.... Even the whole criminal channel is NTV ..
  7. scientist
    scientist 9 July 2015 07: 48
    The author mixed everything together. The so-called "criminal counterculture" Soviet and Western are absolutely different. The Soviet one was born in the conditions of massive Stalinist repressions, when the bulk of the prisoners were educated and intelligent people. It was then that the thieves' unwritten concepts were born, which at their core are the basic principles of human survival in extreme conditions. The main one is: Feed the hungry, heat the cold.
    For interest, you can watch the film "Sophia the Golden Pen", but it is best to read the book by Viktor Nikolaev, "From family to family" - A documentary story about people in prison. About the former military, the injustice and grief, about the most diverse, ordinary and kind people. In modern prisons, there are most of them. The reason is that in the 90s lawless people, who did not have any notions, made huge capital and put their people in power. It is only in the films that they show how honest and not corrupt the police are. In fact, in most cases, the police are engaged in covering up corrupt officials and fabricating criminal cases during raider attacks. The real criminals are now, like during the Stalinist repressions in places of detention, a minority.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. THE_SEAL
      THE_SEAL 9 July 2015 08: 18
      Our society is heavily saturated with criminal culture. Chanson singers also contribute. For the layman - this is a heroic romance. I think the main flowering of criminal romance occurred in the 80-90s. In Soviet times, the ideals were different.
      1. scientist
        scientist 9 July 2015 10: 43
        Quote: THE_SEAL
        criminal romance

        I can't imagine how you can see criminal romance in chanson. This is not romance, but an elementary way of survival for those whom society tries to ignore. First of all, the homeless, beggars, sick, disadvantaged people. Or do you think they live in orphanages and sanatoriums? And now, with the growth of unemployment, this "invisible", or rather the disadvantaged stratum of society is increasing every year. What kind of romance is there. This is a tragedy.
      2. Vasilenko Vladimir
        Vasilenko Vladimir 9 July 2015 14: 24
        Quote: THE_SEAL
        Chanson Singers

        let's not confuse chanson with thieves songs
        1. 6 inches
          6 inches 10 July 2015 07: 53
          but it’s very difficult .. I really still don’t understand why the thieves' songs are performed mainly by boys from good Jewish families ...
    3. Captain45
      Captain45 9 July 2015 11: 01
      Quote: scientist
      The so-called "criminal counterculture" Soviet and Western are absolutely different. The Soviet one was born in the conditions of massive Stalinist repressions, when the bulk of the prisoners were educated and intelligent people. It was then that the thieves' unwritten concepts were born, which at their core are the basic principles of human survival in extreme conditions.

      Those. In your opinion, it was the educated intellectuals who stood at the origins of the thieves' subculture? request Cool conclusion! good See my comment on this topic above.
      1. scientist
        scientist 9 July 2015 14: 24
        Quote: Captain45
        Cool conclusion!

        Don't be hypocritical. It is not for nothing that the people say: "Do not renounce your money and prison". I still advise you to read the book by Viktor Nikolaev, "From family to family." There are similar books written by priests who were massively imprisoned. How can you imagine why priests are highly respected by prisoners. Everything is quite simple, thieves' concepts coincide by 90% with the commandments of God. A person who lives by thieves' concepts becomes similar to Robin Hood from Sherwood. Of course, not all thieves are Robingodes, and not all Christians are saints. But this does not mean that people do not strive for this. Therefore, if you do not know, do not argue with people who had to go through everything as a documentary story by V. Nikolaev.
        Quote: datura23

        "Scientist" not because he is smart, but because life has taught him to see things as they are, and not as shown in the movies and told in the news.
        1. Vasilenko Vladimir
          Vasilenko Vladimir 9 July 2015 14: 27
          Quote: scientist
          thieves are 90% consistent with God's commandments

          people like you are promoting this pseudo culture, beat the weak creep before the strong
          1. scientist
            scientist 9 July 2015 15: 07
            Quote: Vasilenko Vladimir
            beat the weak creep before the strong

            Don't tell my slippers! Where have you seen or heard such concepts? This is called simple mercy for people in trouble and no matter how he got there, what matters is that how you want to treat you, so you need to treat others. This expression is also in "concepts". Doesn't it remind you of anything? For that, I personally saw how the cops, out of nothing to do, beat homeless people, searched teenagers, they were bored on patrol, they did not come across. And one even bragged about how he unexpectedly punched. My son's phone was stolen right in front of the ROVD. A crowd came up, surrounded 2 boys and not a single cop intervened. Those themselves then ran looking. Thank God they didn’t find it, but they would also get it in the head.
            Understand that there can be neither the weak nor the strong, nor the rich nor the poor behind bars. There are only acts that are fair or unfair, right or wrong. Otherwise, do not survive. No matter how strong you are, and if you don’t justly offend your neighbor, you risk not waking up in the morning.
            1. Vasilenko Vladimir
              Vasilenko Vladimir 9 July 2015 15: 28
              Quote: scientist
              Do not tell my slippers!

              1. scientist
                scientist 9 July 2015 16: 00
                Illegally repressed in Kazakhstan on suspicion of espionage in favor of Russia, of course, the suspicions were not confirmed, but for show and to prevent others from being shut down, though not for long. It is only Nazarbayev that speaks of cooperation with the Russian Federation, all the rest who are trying to translate this cooperation into a practical plane are very hard pressed by American and Israeli influence agents.
                1. Vasilenko Vladimir
                  Vasilenko Vladimir 9 July 2015 18: 39
                  poor thing, shall I cry?
                2. scientist
                  scientist 26 October 2015 09: 18
                  Unfortunately, the level of trust in Kazakhstani justice is very low. Everyone who has ever encountered the police or the judiciary understands that we have laws that protect only those in power. It is enough to recall the events after Arkankergen, namely an air disaster with high-ranking border guards, the appointment of Dzhelomanov, who, after 30 years of excellent service in the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Kazakhstan, was drowned in a border swamp in just a year. But the fact is that the smuggling rates across the border of the Customs Union have become an order of magnitude higher than the primitive kickbacks at the customs of Khargos.
        2. Captain45
          Captain45 9 July 2015 19: 01
          Fellow scientists, associate professors with candidates
          Tortured in with the Xs, entangled in the zeros
          Sit, decompose molecules into atoms,
          Forgetting that potatoes are decaying in the fields
          V.S. Vysotsky
          For me, a person who has worked for 20 years in the criminal investigation department and who has dealt with all categories of criminals from courtyard gopota to thieves in law, it is ridiculous to read your scholarly discourses on crime based on books
          Quote: scientist
          I advise you to still read Viktor Nikolaev’s book, "From Family to Family" .... Everything is quite simple, the thieves' concepts on 90% coincide with the commandments of God. According to a person who lives by the thieves' concepts, he becomes like Robin Hood from Sherwood. Of course, not all thieves are Robing Hoods, just as not all Christians are saints. But this does not mean that people do not strive for this. Therefore, if you do not know, do not argue with people who had to go through everything as V. Nikolayev’s documentary story.

          , and the reasoning that thieves' concepts coincide with God's commandments is not something that does not fit into the framework, into the gates. fool
        3. Dart2027
          Dart2027 9 July 2015 21: 55
          Quote: scientist
          thieves are 90% consistent with God's commandments

          Can I clarify which ones? About theft, adultery and murder?
          Quote: scientist
          "Scientist" not because he is smart

          Self-critical, but true.
          Quote: scientist
          life has taught to see things as they are

          But boasting is bad.
          Quote: scientist
          The real criminals are now, like during the Stalinist repressions in places of detention, a minority.

          Can the source be?
    4. datura23
      datura23 9 July 2015 13: 14
    5. Vasilenko Vladimir
      Vasilenko Vladimir 9 July 2015 14: 22
      study the topic of artwork is something
    6. Izotovp
      Izotovp 9 July 2015 19: 54
      Eco you, my friend wedges that !!! And about how one was fattened to escape in order to eat these good people told you in the taiga? And what, Stalin himself, personally planted the people? No, scammers wrote that they should take the room from a neighbor in a communal apartment, sit the boss, take the woman away. They fought with terrible theft, drunkenness and sloppiness, including in the army. And the bulk were ordinary people who committed crimes, and not philosophers and poets who were innocently injured!
  8. kagorta
    kagorta 9 July 2015 08: 23
    But one question interests me. Why did the Ministry of Internal Affairs crumble at the end of the collapse of the USSR. There was a lot of people, the oath and bureaucratic strength and honor of the uniform. There simply wasn’t a man, or what.
  9. RiverVV
    RiverVV 9 July 2015 08: 36
    The author is naive. What we have now cannot be compared with the 90s. In turn, the 90s are just a pale shadow of the 50s. "The meeting place cannot be changed" have you seen at least once? Everything is true there, no exaggeration. In the theater next to you, an intelligent-looking man with a cane could turn out to be a thief in law. The bandits killed the policemen without a shadow of a doubt. Little punks on the streets. And Zheglov himself differs from the bandit only in terms of concepts and identity.

    And now ... Well, what does he give us pictures of the Negroff here? These are monkeys. Our gopota in comparison with them are the titans of reason and the fathers of Russian democracy.
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 9 July 2015 08: 52
      "In turn, the 90s are just a pale shadow of the 50s." ////

      And 50's - apparently, the pale shadow of 30's. When I was little, dad and I
      walked around Leningrad. And he talked about his childhood:
      "nobody went to this park - they will kill for sure, this
      always walked around the boulevard - undressed, women never walked here -
      - do bad things "... and so on.
      And this is about the center of the great city.
      1. Maki Avellevich
        Maki Avellevich 9 July 2015 12: 41
        I come from Nikolaev.

        with us and in the late 80s at night no one walked much anywhere.
        attacks on the police were not the rarest, and there were also killings of police officers.
        only growing up I learned that our "yard" children's language was nothing more than 50% fenya.

        what to say about 50s 30s ...
      2. cosmos111
        cosmos111 9 July 2015 13: 53
        Quote: voyaka uh
        And 50's - apparently, the pale shadow of 30's. When I was little, dad and I

        Jews founded the first criminal communities, both in the Russian Empire / USSR and in the USA ...
        Who are you complaining about ???
        Thieves' jargon "Fenya" came to the Russian language from the Hebrew language after ethnic (in this case, Jewish) organized criminal groups were formed in the places of compact residence of Jews in the Russian Empire ...
        Jews spoke Hebrew and Yiddish, and the police did not understand them, they didn’t take Jews to serve in the police in tsarist Russia, so gradually these obscure terms for the police turned into a stable Russian thug jargon...

        Hebrew slang, "Fenya"
        Bot - בטא (bot) to express oneself. ביטוי (bat) expression.
        Fenya - אופן (ofen) way. ביטאי באופן (Beofen beofen) - run on a hair dryer - express themselves in a special way, incomprehensible to others.
        Fraer - Frej - freedom (Yiddish) Fraer - not imprisoned, without prison experience.
        Thieves. Die Blatte (Yiddish) - sheet, piece of paper, little note. The one who got a job by having a piece of paper from the right person.
        In thieves' jargon thieves - his own, belonging to the criminal world.
        Shaher Maher. סחר מחר Hebrew (saher meher). "Maher" means selling, and "shaher" means goods.
        Hevra - a criminal community, a gang. Hebrew חברה (Hebrew) - company
        Xiva is a note. Hebrew כתיבה (ktiva) - a document, something written (in the Ashkenazi pronunciation of Hebrew (t) ת often changes to “s.” For example, “shabes” instead of “Shabbat”).
        Clift is a jacket. Hebrew חליפה (caliph) - costume.
        Raspberry (thieves) - an apartment, a room where thieves hide. From מלון (malon) - hotel, shelter, place of overnight.
        Hana is the end. חנה - Heb. khana - make a stopover, halt. This root is very widespread in Hebrew (hanaya, - parking lot, hanut - warehouse, store).
        Hence the word "Taganka" originating from the word תחנה (tahana) - station, stop, parking. So at first unofficially, and then officially called the prison in which prisoners were brought from all over the country (the European part of the country) before being sent to Siberia.
        Marviher is a highly skilled thief. מרויחר Marviher (Yiddish) - making money from Hebrew. מרויח Marviah - earns.
        Hipesh - search.

        info from: http: //
        1. cosmos111
          cosmos111 9 July 2015 14: 03
          Hebrew slang, "Fenya
          Hypnosis is a thief. Hebrew חיפוש (hipus) - search, search.
          Parasha is a rumor. The Hebrew word פרשה (parasha) means commentary (or a foul-smelling story).
          Ban Station. In Yiddish, the word ban has the same meaning.
          Keyf - כיף Heb., Arab. - keyf with the same meaning. (From the same root in the Arabic language is “coffee.” When they drank it, they were very good. In general, Hebrew and Arabic are two Semitic languages ​​that have a lot of common roots. If you know one, then just learn the other.).
          Freebies - for free, for free. Hebrew חלב halav (milk). In the 19 century, the Jews of Russia collected for the Jews of Palestine the so-called דמי חלב “dmei halav” - “money for milk”.
          Ball, on the ball - for free. Hebrew (שאר, שארים shear, shearim) - the remnants.
          What remains with the seller is unsuitable for sale, and he leaves it on the counter for the poor. According to Jewish tradition, it is necessary to leave an uncompressed strip on the field שאר - shear - the remainder so that the poor can collect ears of corn. This is the gospel parable, which tells that Jesus and his disciples gathered uncompressed ears on Saturday, and this caused the Pharisees to displease.
          Slut is a slut, a prostitute. שילב, לשלב (Shilev) combine (several men at the same time).
          The shrine is a fake wound; to conceal is to hide. In Hebrew מסתיר (master) - I hide, I hide.
          From here to steal - to steal. And סתירה - (satire) concealment. Hence the satire (hidden mockery). And the mystery. Ancient Greek satires are also from here, and not vice versa.
          Schuher. Standing on a skater. This means that the one standing on the skater guards the perpetrators of the crime (usually theft) and warns about the appearance of law enforcement officers. Shucher comes from the Hebrew word Shahor שחור, which means "black." The uniform of the police in tsarist Russia was black.
          Shohnat - search, search. In the prisons of the Russian Empire it was accepted to do searches in the cells at 8 in the evening. Eight in Hebrew shmona שמונה, from here to "grumble."

          info from: http: //

          and a film in the THEME documentary lol
          1. cosmos111
            cosmos111 9 July 2015 14: 35
            In the USA, all the "laurels" in the creation of organized crime groups went to the Italians, or rather the Sicilians, but this is not entirely true ...

            Robert Rockaway, Jewish Gangsters in America, writes in his book / study:
            Benjamin Siegel - Bugsy, Arthur Phleghenheimer - Dutch Schulz, Meyer Lansky - Kid, Max Hoff - Boo Boo, Ebner Zwillman - Longs - they were all gangsters and Jews. The heyday of their activities fell on the time between the two world wars, they, together with Italians, made American crime organized, huge, powerful and deadly.
            “We are more than US Steel,” said Meyer Lansky, one of the main characters in our history and long-lived. Perhaps he was right.
            Arnold Rothstein was born in New York in the 1882 year. His father, Abraham, a wealthy and respected clothing merchant, was one of the pillars of the orthodox Jewish community of the Upper West Side ...... he turned his talents into drug smuggling, which was completely unorganized before Rothstein did it. Sending intermediaries across the ocean, to Europe and the Far East, and controlling procurement in the United States, Rothstein turned this crime industry into a business machine. By 1926, he was the financial master of the entire flow of drugs smuggled into the United States.

            Starting with Rothstein, the Jewish bosses of the underworld of America openly smuggled and wholesale opium and other drugs in the United States.

            info / book here: Jewish gangsters in America

            And, a very interesting doc film on the topic ... about organized Jewish crime in the United States: David Duke "Promised Land for Organized Crime"
          2. Kombrig
            Kombrig 9 July 2015 20: 32
            In my opinion, the word "garbage" comes from the abbreviation ICC (Moscow Criminal Investigation), hence the nickname "cops" - detectives secretly wore badges depicting a cop in a rack ... Sincerely, one of the versions of the etymology of these words ..
        2. Maki Avellevich
          Maki Avellevich 9 July 2015 14: 34
          Jews founded the first criminal communities, both in the Russian Empire / USSR and in the USA ...
          Who are you complaining about ???

          We are not complaining at all.
          By the way, my father and grandfather are great people and were people of work and not the organizers of societies.

          In addition, the "thieves" did not deal with phlegm, it was not by concept. so who are you complaining about?
        3. RiverVV
          RiverVV 9 July 2015 14: 39
          You just don't say with the thieves: "with a piece of paper." Otherwise he didn't start crowing in Yiddish ...
  10. Zomanus
    Zomanus 9 July 2015 08: 41
    About the stratification of society, nonsense, in my opinion. In the sense of stratification as the cause of the emergence of counterculture. If the state / parents are not involved in the youth, then the street / basement will be involved. There are padded rules. These rules are clear, if you adhere to them, then everything will be fine with you. Well, this is if without fanaticism, when you go to outright crimes for the sake of gaining authority. There was a "code of conduct for a Komsomol member", it was replaced by a "code of conduct for a little boy." And this code of conduct is romanticized by both the elite and the lower classes. Somewhere it's a blatnyak chanson, somewhere it's a rap guy. Who has enough money for what. It's just that over time, young people grow up and begin to straighten themselves out under the general system. Who does not start, the way to the slammer or to the cemetery. That's actually the whole alignment. The state does not want to establish its own rules, for it these rules will be established by others.
  11. Petrik66
    Petrik66 9 July 2015 08: 53
    Here is the solution to the problem - Ban Radio Chanson and the main singers - send for a couple of years on a creative business trip to the zone, so to speak - for inspiration. Pushkin had Boldinsky autumn, and they have Mordovian winter. And in the late 80s and early 90s - young people who had previously gone into the army or the police for registration and salaries, as well as the position in society that the uniform gave, went to the bandits. Each of them clearly knew and understood why he went there and what he should do. But blaming on the environment is somehow very simplistic. This has already taken place in 1917. The point is in the man himself. I’m not sure that Gandhi would go hungry to poke a trifle in his pockets, and Leo Tolstoy to squeeze mobile phones from suckers.
    1. taram taramych
      taram taramych 9 July 2015 09: 17
      An excellent solution is to increase the number of "zeks". Take any family, not in the second, so in the third tribe, there will be a sitter, or even two. "From the bag and from the prison, do not renounce." Popular wisdom was not born today.
  12. Crown
    Crown 9 July 2015 09: 14
    And now Chanson is singing in the Kremlin Hall)))).
  13. AUL
    AUL 9 July 2015 09: 23
    If the government - both in Soviet times and now - lives and acts "according to concepts," then people are forced to survive according to the same concepts. Especially now, when the laws are passed openly gangster!
    I'm not making excuses, God forbid, this situation! But, when the country is ruled by "oligarchs in law", how can "muzhiks" survive?
  14. Vladimir1960
    Vladimir1960 9 July 2015 10: 22
    Does the bottom layer of our criminals take an example from the top or vice versa? White crime is bribe-takers, officials stealing, shameless "businessmen". Both white and black have common features: contempt for work, desire for freebies, life without obligations, an idle lifestyle. This is one of the columns to stab us in the back, they will never be patriots. Exceptions don't count.
  15. Obliterator
    Obliterator 9 July 2015 11: 30
    Quote: scientist
    The main one is: Feed the hungry, heat the cold.

    Rather like this: "You die today, and I will die tomorrow." There is not and was not there any nobility.
  16. atos_kin
    atos_kin 9 July 2015 11: 38
    Only a school Teacher can become a "vaccine" against many "diseases" of society.
  17. akudr48
    akudr48 9 July 2015 13: 13
    Criminality in its goals and role in maintaining today's order in Russia plays the most important function of a direct accomplice to those in power.

    The authorities, the oligarchy reproduce crime in those volumes and areas where the threat to the preservation of their power and income is revealed. And crime usually does not fail, it includes its methods, not forgetting itself ...

    Where power ends and crime begins, you can’t figure it out - the line is thin ...

    In such a symbiosis, there is power with crime, parasitizing on the people's body, weakening it to impossibility.

    It is possible to break this connection, only it is necessary to begin with the power and the oligarchy.
  18. Andrey VOV
    Andrey VOV 9 July 2015 13: 15
    Of course, I apologize, maybe not in the topic .. but I'm from the Moscow region, Russian, now I am in Crimea, which is Russian, and why is Ukraine’s flag next to me ??
  19. SlavaP
    SlavaP 9 July 2015 13: 49
    I agree that the problem is more complex than the respected author described. I have lived in the West for many years and have been interested in this problem. So - in America, with its strong social stratification and the habit of "imprisoning" everyone and for everything, the criminalization of the population, especially urban youth, is really strong. However, here in Britain there are hundreds, maybe thousands of youth gangs as well, as the events in London and Birmingham clearly showed a few years ago. But - excuse me - where is the social inequality in Britain? Here EVERY family receives at least £ 26,000 per year (social benefits) + in many cases, social housing. And prisons in Britain can be counted on the fingers and the conditions there - a sanatorium. So where do the gangs come from? I have the impression that they are deliberately cultivated and supported by the authorities, so that later they can be used for pogroms and provocations in the event of a threat of popular protests.
    1. Maki Avellevich
      Maki Avellevich 9 July 2015 14: 39
      I have the impression that they are consciously cultivated and supported by the authorities, so that later they can be used for pogroms and provocations in the event of a threat of popular uprisings.

      Interesting topic raised. And justify?
      1. SlavaP
        SlavaP 10 July 2015 14: 03
        This is just a hypothesis. However, many times in the local press infa slips about some criminal and says that he is "known to the police as a member of a youth gang"?
  20. erseer
    erseer 9 July 2015 15: 08
    Quote: Vasilenko Vladimir
    Quote: THE_SEAL
    Chanson Singers

    let's not confuse chanson with thieves songs

    but could you voice a couple of chansonniers?
    1. Vasilenko Vladimir
      Vasilenko Vladimir 9 July 2015 15: 33
      and what's the joke?

  21. erseer
    erseer 9 July 2015 16: 29
    Quote: Vasilenko Vladimir
    and what's the joke?

    for my part, no joke.
    just asked to point out to OUR chansonnier.
    from a handful of those that are played on "Chanson TV" and on "Radio Chanson".
    but who I do not see everything on the "Vladimir Central" rolls down ...
    With my respect to you!
    1. Vasilenko Vladimir
      Vasilenko Vladimir 9 July 2015 18: 40
      Quote: erseer
      from a handful of those that are played on "Chanson TV" and on "Radio Chanson".

      well, so they have nothing to do with chanson
  22. made13
    made13 9 July 2015 16: 54
    Do not believe, do not be afraid, do not ask - now everyone lives according to this formula - politicians, youth and book heroes - this is the result.
  23. Alex Danilov
    Alex Danilov 9 July 2015 20: 08
    I don’t know, I don’t know. Brothers and criminal "bosses" stupid frostbitten were never authorities for me. They are the very bottom in life. Even a cleaning lady and an ordinary hard worker are much superior to them, because they do something useful and necessary for the country. - chm * shniki, make their country weaker.
    In my opinion, these are just stupid people. They’re not capable of anything and have no brains, but to kill and steal, they’re worthless or anything. Limited.
    For me, the elite, the authorities are the siloviki, the police, the military, in general, such good guys, crushing this whole demonic evil spirits that prevent people from living well and working and prospering to the country-state.
    Death to all thug thugs, respect and honor, the police, the army, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the FSB and all those who destroy all this scum, murderers, thugs, shaitans, demons.
    Long live the warriors of God! Our defenders from this obscurantism and the forces of evil. God bless you.
    1. Alex Danilov
      Alex Danilov 9 July 2015 20: 12
      Sam very, very, very much wanted to become a commando, killing all these demons and shaitans and saving people.
  24. Oprychnik
    Oprychnik 9 July 2015 20: 34
    Curiously, someone noticed that many of the commentators use jargon in their speech, let's just call it "urban".))) I was struck by the commentator under the nickname "scientist".)) He recommends going through "prison universities" solely on the basis of the book "Victor Nikolaeva, "From family to family" - A documentary story about people who ended up in prison. About former military men who have drunk injustice and grief, about the most diverse, ordinary and kind people. ")))) And also a film masterpiece" Sonya Golden Handle. ! Why did you forget about Solzhenitsyn's "Archipelago" ???))) More "weighty" source ...)))
    "Everything is quite simple, thieves' concepts coincide by 90% with the commandments of God"

    ))) Do not kill, do not steal (!!!), love your neighbor as yourself, etc.))) As I understand it, not to all people in general, but to your accomplices?)))
    Someone else hinted that 80% of the "inmates" were "fellow scientists, associate professors with candidates," and the level of education in the zone was very high. That is why the "concepts" turned out to be so intelligent. Fine. I remember: "You screwed up all our raspberries, and get a feather for it!" Intelligently!)))
    In my family, two, great-grandfather on the part of the father, and grandfather on the part of the mother, shook the term under I.V. None of them graduated. The first was dispossessed of 31 for 8 horses and 16 cows, as well as for farm laborers. They exiled from Siberia to Magadan, where he disappeared. The rest of the family was not touched. Maternal grandfather was literate,
    as many as 7 classes, and therefore in the zone in Astrakhan he was appointed an accountant in a fishing brigade, where his grandmother and mother went to visit him during the war years, and he even managed to supply fish from the "height of his position". (according to the stories of the mother; this is about the absence of corruption in Stalin's times). In 1944, he was voluntarily and forcibly drafted into a penal company and laid down his head as the commander of a machine-gun crew in 1944 when crossing the Dnieper.
    In fact, from the sum and from the prison .... Suffered ...
  25. theodore rasp
    theodore rasp 9 July 2015 23: 17
    The old people said: "He who does not take risks does not go to jail!"
  26. synbobysa
    synbobysa 9 July 2015 23: 25
    I wanted to write, but the comments say nothing to talk about.
    Article is VERY good, thanks to the author
  27. Megatron
    Megatron 10 July 2015 12: 21
    Our main thug is the state! And until it ceases to rob people, then people will not stop so maliciously breaking the law, what respect for the law can be if bureaucrats and those in power constantly spit on it!
    1. Vasilenko Vladimir
      Vasilenko Vladimir 10 July 2015 12: 45
      Quote: Megatron
      then people will not stop so maliciously breaking the law

      once again, such a crime as rape, robbery, how do they correlate with your postulate?
      1. Megatron
        Megatron 10 July 2015 12: 57
        And how does it differ from theft and betrayal of state interests?
        Here, from fresh:

        In Tyumen, yesterday, July 9, the conviction was announced to the former head of the Tyumen region Andrei Linnik and his associates: ex-adviser Natalya Pecherskikh, ex-director of Zapinvestenergok LLC Anton Kovalev and ex-general director of Fort Construction LLC Alexey Dolgov. The Tyumen District Court found Linnik guilty of committing crimes under the articles of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation: “Illegal participation in entrepreneurial activity”, “Abuse of official powers by the head of a local government body”, “Fraud committed by a group of persons by prior conspiracy, using their official position, in large size. "
        The court found that from 2006 to 2011, Linnik illegally participated in entrepreneurial activities and, through proxies, managed LLC Zapinvestenergok, helped the company conclude profitable municipal contracts, and provided him with benefits and advantages. In addition, he forced a number of municipal enterprises to conclude consulting contracts they did not need with Zapinvestenergok.
        In 2007-2008, Linnik together with Pechersky and Kovalev stole over 13 million rubles budgetary funds allocated to the housing sector. The accomplices inflated the cost of the work performed on the reconstruction of the sewer collector in the village of Chervishevo, the overhaul of 12 residential buildings in the village of Novotarmansky. In 2008, Kovalev stole 652 thousand rubles from the budget when developing a project for the construction of engineering networks for a quarterly gas boiler in the village of Borovsky and the village of Kaskara.
        From 2009 to 2010, during the construction of boiler houses in the villages of Sozonovo and Yembaevo, cheaper equipment was installed than indicated in the contracts, and the difference of 6,6 million rubles was stolen by the director of Fort Construction LLC Dolgov.
        In 2011, Linnik resigned as head of the Tyumen region, and in May of that year, Zapinvestenergokom LLC was liquidated.
        On the aggregate of crimes, Linnik was assigned five years in prison conditionally with a trial period of three years.

        Although ordinary people everywhere get real terms "for a bag of potatoes."
  28. erseer
    erseer 10 July 2015 12: 21
    Quote: Dart2027
    And let this "classic" name the country where this is not done. Fair criticism is one thing, such pearls are another.
    they say that this phrase has nothing to do with this person
    1. Dart2027
      Dart2027 10 July 2015 17: 04
      I don’t know, but I take into account how evil he ridiculed the history of his country very much like the truth.
  29. erseer
    erseer 10 July 2015 12: 26
    Quote: Vasilenko Vladimir
    Quote: erseer
    from a handful of those that are played on "Chanson TV" and on "Radio Chanson".

    well, so they have nothing to do with chanson

    so give at least one name?
    1. Vasilenko Vladimir
      Vasilenko Vladimir 10 July 2015 12: 46
      I even gave a video
  30. Vasyav
    Vasyav 10 July 2015 14: 46
    As you know, a significant part of the country's population currently lives below the poverty line.

    Substantial part ? less than 13%!
    This is certainly not a little, but not a "significant part".