Military Review

June 29 - Day of the partisans and underground fighters

50
29 June in Russia is celebrated the Day of partisans and underground fighters. The holiday itself is young - in the calendar of military holidays and memorable dates appeared recently - in 2010 year. And the appearance of this is by no means accidental. After all, guerrilla movements and underground organizations that forged victories behind enemy lines have a deep historyAnd forgetting this glorious story is, of course, impermissible.


June 29 - Day of the partisans and underground fighters

Sculpture at the Moscow metro station "Belorusskaya"


The very idea of ​​officially introducing the holiday of partisans and underground members into the Russian calendar was submitted by lawmakers and representatives of the executive branch of the Russian region, which is considered to be the historical center of the country's partisan movement since the Great Patriotic War. Speech on the legislators and the administration of the Bryansk region.

Why was 29 June chosen as the date of the celebration of the Partisan Day and the underground worker? It was 29 on June 1941 of the year - exactly one week after the attack of the Hitler army on the Soviet Union - the well-known directive of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR and the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) issued. The directive was addressed to the party organizations and the Soviet authorities in the front-line regions of the Soviet Union and set them the task of organizing partisan detachments and sabotage groups in the territories and the enemy’s occupations.

We present the text of the directive of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR and the Central Committee of the CPSU (b):

P509 No.
The treacherous attack of fascist Germany on the Soviet Union continues. The purpose of this attack is the destruction of the Soviet system, the seizure of Soviet lands, the enslavement of the peoples of the Soviet Union, the robbery of our country, the seizure of our bread and oil, the restoration of the power of landowners and capitalists. The enemy has already invaded Soviet soil, captured most of Lithuania with the cities of Kaunas and Vilnius, captured part of Latvia, the Brest, Bialystok, Vileika regions of Soviet Belarus and several regions of Western Ukraine. Danger loomed over some other areas. German aviation expands the territory of the bombing, bombarding the cities - Riga, Minsk, Orsha, Mogilev, Smolensk, Kiev, Odessa, Sevastopol, Murmansk.

By virtue of the war imposed on us, our country entered into a deadly battle with its dangerous and treacherous enemy - German fascism. Our troops are heroically fighting an enemy armed to the teeth tanks, aviation. The Red Army, overcoming numerous difficulties, selflessly fights for every inch of Soviet land.

Despite a serious threat to our country, some party, Soviet, trade union and Komsomol organizations and their leaders still do not understand the meaning of this threat, have not yet realized the significance of this threat, live complacently-peaceful moods and do not understand that the war drastically changed the situation that our homeland was in the greatest danger, and that we must quickly and decisively restructure all our work on a military basis.

The Council of People's Commissars of the USSR and the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) oblige all party, Soviet, trade union and Komsomol organizations to put an end to complacency and carelessness and to mobilize all our organizations and all the forces of the people to defeat the enemy, for the merciless reprisal of the hordes of the attacked German fascism.
The Council of People's Commissars of the USSR and the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) demand from you:

1) In a merciless fight against the enemy, to defend every inch of the Soviet land, fight to the last drop of blood for our cities and villages, to show courage, initiative and wit, peculiar to our people.
2) Organize comprehensive assistance to the existing army, ensure organized mobilization of spare, ensure the supply of the army with everything you need, the rapid advancement of transports with troops and military supplies, extensive assistance to the wounded in hospitals hospitals, schools, clubs and institutions.
3) Strengthen the rear of the Red Army, subjecting the interests of the front all its activities, ensure the enhanced work of all enterprises, explain to the workers their duties and the situation, organize the protection of factories, power stations, bridges, telephone and telegraph communications, organize a merciless fight with all kinds of rear organizers, deserters , alarmists, distributors of rumors, to destroy spies, saboteurs, enemy paratroopers, rendering all this rapid assistance to the fighter battalions. All Communists should know that the enemy is cunning, cunning, experienced in deception and the dissemination of false rumors, take all this into account in their work and not succumb to provocations.
4) In case of a forced departure of the Red Army units, steal the rolling stock, do not leave the enemy a single locomotive, not a single carriage, do not leave the enemy either a kilogram of bread or a liter of fuel. Collective farmers must steal livestock, hand over bread to the state authorities for transportation to the rear areas. All valuable property, including non-ferrous metals, bread and fuel, which cannot be exported, must be unconditionally destroyed.
5) In the areas occupied by the enemy, create guerrilla groups and sabotage groups to fight parts of the enemy army, to incite guerrilla war everywhere, to blow up bridges, roads, damage to telephone and telegraph communications, burning warehouses, etc. In the captured areas, create unbearable conditions for the enemy and all his accomplices, pursue and destroy them at every turn, disrupt all their activities.
To manage all these activities in advance, under the responsibility of the first secretaries of the regional committees and district committees to create from the best people reliable underground cells and safe houses in each city, district center, workers' settlement, railway station, state farms and collective farms.
6) Immediately bring to trial the Military Tribunal of all those who, with their anxiety and cowardice, interfere with the cause of defense, despite their faces.
The Council of People's Commissars of the USSR and the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) declare that in the imposed war on fascist Germany, the question of the life and death of the Soviet state is resolved, whether the peoples of the Soviet Union should be free or enslaved.

Now everything depends on our ability to quickly organize and act, without losing a single moment of time, without losing a single opportunity in the fight against the enemy.

The task of the Bolsheviks is to rally all the people around the party of Lenin - Stalin, around the Soviet government for the selfless support of the Red Army, for victory.


The directive was signed by the Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR, secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) I.V. Stalin, and vice-chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR VM Molotov.

It is also important to note the fact that at the time of the Khrushchev's “thaw” the historical materials of the directive were slightly changed. In a number of historical documents there is no, for example, a phrase about the need to rally the people "around the party of Lenin - Stalin." Instead, mentions the name exclusively V.Lenin. During the years of Gorbachev's perestroika and the years of the “all-conquering market” that followed, the historical documents were revised even more strictly (it’s not just a directive on the organization of partisan and underground movements).

The initiative of the authorities of the Bryansk region to include in the calendar the Day of the partisans and underground fighters was supported by the State Duma and the Federation Council, after which the Date became part of the calendar of military holidays in Russia.

In the Bryansk region, where 139 guerrilla detachments operated, which caused enormous damage to the Hitler army, for some time there has been a remarkable tradition that cannot be ignored. This is the tradition of conferring the honorary title "City (village, village) of partisan glory" by local authorities. The relevant law in the Bryansk region was adopted on October 8 2010 (1 entered into force on January 2011).

Cities of partisan glory of the Bryansk region: Dyatkovo. Bryansk bore this name unofficially since the Soviet times.

Guerilla fame villages: Hinel (Sevsky district), Zhurinichi (Bryansk district).

Material TC "Bryansk Province" on YouTube:



Villages of partisan glory: British (Dubrovsky district), Cell (Kletnyansky district), White Birch (Trubchevsky district).

There are in Bryansk region and the village of partisan glory. For example, Smilizh (Suzemsky district).



Guerrilla tactics at different stages of the Great Patriotic War underwent changes. If at the first stage - before the victory of the Red Army near Moscow, tactics did not go beyond the scope of small injections in the form of sabotage behind enemy lines (disruption of communication systems, sudden attacks), then the scale of the activities of Soviet partisans became ever more significant. The number of large strikes at strategically important transportation hubs that fell into the hands of the Nazis increased - the railway communication (supply of the Nazis) was disrupted by undermining bridges and the railroad tracks, strikes against the nodal stations and clusters of the enemy prepared for regrouping.

As early as December 1941, for the first time during the Great Patriotic War, the partisans managed to free the settlement from the Nazi occupiers for quite a long time. This settlement was Zhukovka (Bryansk region). A train was captured with food, many small units weapons and military equipment, eliminated 30 policemen.

Over time, partisan regions began to form, the activities of Soviet partisans in which led to a real horror on the enemy. Warning signs about danger in the form of active partisan units began to appear on the roads of the occupied territories.



Since May, 1942, in the Navlinsky district of the Bryansk region, a meeting of the secretaries of the underground district committees took place, at which the most important decision was made to create a full-fledged headquarters for the united partisan detachments. The commander of the headquarters was appointed D.V. Emlyutin, and the Commissioner - Secretary of the Trubchevsky RK VKP (b) A.D. Bondarenko. The command of partisan detachments, Dmitri Emlyutin, spread over the territory of the Oryol Region (at that time the Bryansk Region did not exist as a separate administrative-territorial unit in the USSR) and the Sumy Region. In the partisan region, which was under the responsibility of Dmitry Yemlyutin, more than 200 lived thousands of Soviet citizens, many of whom provided invaluable assistance to the partisan movement. Today, the streets in Bryansk, Saratov and Orel are named after Dmitry Yemlyutin (Hero of the Soviet Union).

In May 2013, the bust of the Hero was installed in Bryansk.



Of course, the guerrilla movement, like the movement of the underground workers, is not only Bryansk. Partisans and underground fighters operated in various parts of the country occupied by the Nazis: from Smolensk and Odessa to Minsk and Kiev. And the partisan movement of Russia itself begins its official history not with the Great Patriotic War, but with the World War 1812, when the popular impulse against the Napoleonic army, which ruined Russian lands, led to the formation of a powerful force that made an invaluable contribution to the common victory over the enemy.


One of the commanders of the partisan movement in 1812, Denis Davydov


On this day, Russia recalls all those who sacrificed themselves, fighting the enemy in partisan detachments, developed tactics to inflict the greatest damage to the enemy in organizations of underground fighters. On this day we honor the memory of the fallen and express our deep gratitude to the living veterans for the Great Victory! Happy holiday!
Photos used:
http://gazeta-suzemka.ru
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  1. Same lech
    Same lech 29 June 2015 06: 08 New
    +8
    The ability of partisans and underground fighters to fight surrounded by the enemy was always amazed .... here, as never before, steel nerves, cunning, knowledge of the enemy and the ability to destroy him at the right time were needed ... any mistake cost them their lives.
    1. Nicholas C.
      Nicholas C. 29 June 2015 12: 12 New
      +4
      Partisan Glory Villages: Hinel (Sevsky District)

      At the age of 15, my father went to the Khinelsky forest to partisan in the 4th Komsomol partisan detachment under the general leadership of Khokhlov. We also had larger detachments: Kovpak ("From Putivl to the Carpathians"), Saburov ("Innumerable Forces"), Naumov ("Khinelsky Campaigns"). The maternal grandfather worked in the notorious RONA as the headman as an underground worker. The front met in the Gestapo prison in Sevsk. (And not in RONovskaya in Lokte). Unlike some other places, incl. tragically described in literary works, no one here betrayed anyone.

      For five months of the Kursk Bulge front, the forest ended up in the front line and the immediate rear of the Germans. Therefore, they had to remove a very large number of troops (divisions) from the front to block the forest, although large partisan formations had already gone west by that time. But his father had to fight in a blockade from the swamps near Suzemka.
      1. jjj
        jjj 29 June 2015 12: 55 New
        +2
        My father-in-law was an underground worker in Dnepropetrovsk. There was a betrayal. Stolen at Mauthausen. He escaped and went to the location of our advancing troops. After the war he became a doctor. Now in the best of worlds
  2. The comment was deleted.
  3. strelets
    strelets 29 June 2015 06: 14 New
    +8
    We must recall the partisans in Ukraine and Belarus. All of them have eternal glory, blessed memory and gratitude of posterity.
    1. vladimirZ
      vladimirZ 29 June 2015 11: 08 New
      0
      We must recall the partisans in Ukraine and Belarus
      - strelets


      There are no words about Belarus, the land of partisan glory, the heroic struggle against the German invaders.

      But the "Ukraine" question? I read somewhere, I don't remember until 1943 in Ukraine, only about 12 thousand people took part in the partisan movement, but at the same time more than 400 thousand people were in the policemen, punitive police battalions, the SS Galicia division, etc.
      Comparing these numbers of partisans and accomplices of Nazi Germans, to call Ukraine partisan, the language does not turn.
      So draw the conclusion what kind of "partisan" land in Ukraine it was.
      But after the Battle of Kursk, when ours trampled the Germans in the tail and mane, the Xoxlov began to flow from the policemen to the "partisans".
      In my own life I have met such a Ukrainian "partisan" who was sentenced in 1949 to imprisonment for a "police" past, and who later worked at our factory.
      1. Egoza
        Egoza 29 June 2015 11: 58 New
        +2
        Quote: vladimirZ
        But the "Ukraine" question? I read somewhere, I don't remember until 1943 in Ukraine, only about 12 thousand people took part in the partisan movement,

        You are not right. Even Vicki could not lie ...
        1941-1942 years
        On June 29, on June 1941, the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks and the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR issued a directive on the restructuring of the activities of party, Soviet and economic organizations in the front-line areas, which provided for the creation of a party underground. To prepare for the party underground and partisan detachments of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CP (b) U, a group was created consisting of M. S. Spivak, A. N. Zlenko, L. P. Drozhzhin, P. I. Zakharov, N. A. Kuznetsov and V. S. Kostenko (later it was transformed into a task force for guiding the partisan movement and clandestine activities in the occupied territory of Ukraine under the Military Council of the South-Western Front). In total, 1941 underground party organizations (644 underground regional committee, 23 city committee and 63 district committee) were created through the party line in 564, more than 33 thousand people were prepared and left for partisan and underground work [3].
        • it should be noted that only 5 underground regional committees and 150 organizational groups with a total number of 2 thousand people [4] were left for this partisan and underground work on the territory of Right-Bank Ukraine;
        Many of these organizations were unable to establish work and were destroyed in the early days of the occupation. In addition, due to the difficult situation at the front, part of the personnel trained for partisan activity was sent to replenish the front units (for example, the 1 partisan regiment of 1097 people participated in battles in the area of ​​Novograd-Volynsky, 2 partisan regiment of 1199 people - in battles in the area of ​​Korsun, Kiev, Gorodishche and Cherkassy, ​​the Victory or Death squad from 150 people - in the defense of Kiev ...) [3].
        6 July 1941 of the SNK of the Ukrainian SSR and the Central Committee of the Communist Party (b) U issued an appeal calling on the population to launch a guerrilla struggle in the occupied territory.
        In 1941, the partisan movement developed most successfully in the wooded areas of northern Ukraine and in the front line. The Sumy region became the center of the formation of large partisan detachments in Ukraine in 1941, where partisan detachments created for activities in the southern regions of Ukraine flocked, "encirclement" servicemen and other patriots.
        • So, from September 12 of 1941 of the year, a detachment began to operate under the command of K. I. Pogorelov (created on August 27 of 1941 of the year for operations in the Kharkov region);
        • also, here came the Kharkov partisan detachment under the command of M. Vorontsov;
        • On 9 of September 1941 of the year, the Putivl partisan detachment under the command of S. A. Kovpak entered the Spadshchansky Forest, on October 18 he teamed up with the partisan detachment under the command of S. V. Rudnev (at the end of December of the 1941 of the year, the detachment consisted of 500 people and, in addition to small arms was armed with 3 easel, 7 light machine guns and two 82-mm mortars) [5];
        • On 22 December 1941, the 1 Stalin partisan detachment under the command of I. Borovik and V. Ushakov arrived in the southern massif of the Bryansk forests.
        1. Egoza
          Egoza 29 June 2015 11: 59 New
          +1
          In October-November of the 1941 of the year, partisan detachments move to active activity, at the same time the process of uniting small territorial detachments into larger units begins.
          • So, on November 19 of November 1941 in the Kholmensky forests of the Chernihiv region, the Chernihiv regional detachment and the Koryukovsky, Perelyubsky, Kholminsky, Rheinmetarovsky regional detachments merged into a single partisan unit under the command of A. F. Fedorov [6].
          On the other hand, after the onset of cold weather, some units cease activity and disintegrate (or even self-dissolve). In addition, part of the units operating in the frontline zone entered the Soviet rear.
          In 1941, the party underground was created only in Kiev, Kharkov, Chernigov, Rivne, Odessa, Nikolaev and some other cities of Ukraine. The main forms of partisan activity in the 1941 year in the occupied territory of the Ukrainian SSR were reconnaissance, sabotage, and attacks on small enemy units from ambushes. However, there are also known cases of major battles with the enemy [2]:
          • On 3 of September 1941, partisans defeated the rear column of the German army near the village of Zhashkov, 100 soldiers and 8 Wehrmacht officers were killed, 80 rifles, 10 carts with food and a herd of 125 horses were captured;
          • On September 14 of 1941, Dnepropetrovsk partisans attacked a field airfield, destroying 2 of the Junkers-52 aircraft, a fuel depot and 12 tankers;
          • On December 2 of 1941 in the village of Pogoreltsy, Chernihiv Region, partisans of the compound A.F. Fedorov defeated a garrison of about 100 people [6].
          The most effective in this period were reconnaissance, combat and sabotage groups prepared by the NKVD, in particular [1]:
          • in Odessa - an underground organization led by state security captain V. A. Molodtsov;
          • in Nikolaev - a group of the captain of state security V. A. Lyagin;
          • in Kiev - an intelligence group led by senior lieutenant of state security I. D. Kudrya (until his arrest on July 5 of 1942 of the year) ...
          In the spring of 1942, 36 thousand partisans were registered with the USPA (however, at the same time, 3600 partisans as part of the 13 Ukrainian Soviet partisan detachments operated on the territory of Belarus) [7].
          https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9F%D0%B0%D1%80%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%B7%D0%B0%D0%BD%D

          1%81%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B5_%D0%B4%D0%B2%D0%B8%D0%B6%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5_%D0%BD%D

          0%B0_%D0%A3%D0%BA%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B5_%D0%B2%D0%BE_%D0%B2%D1%80%D0%B5%

          D0%BC%D1%8F_%D0%92%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B9_%D0%9E%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%87%

          D0%B5%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B2%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B9_%D0%B2%D0%BE%D0%B9%D0%BD%D

          1% 8B
          xxx
          And this is only 41-42. Further more. So look at Wik.
        2. vladimirZ
          vladimirZ 29 June 2015 13: 29 New
          0
          Egoze (2)
          I don’t want to look for that material for a long time, which describes the data on the partisan movement in Ukraine that I cited. Wikipedia to which you refer is not a site that is reliable.
          Here are the data from the site
          http://vnmazurenko.blogspot.de/2012/10/blog-post_4912.html

          “On November 15, 1942, 55 partisan detachments with a total number of 6350 people are registered on the territory of Ukraine, of which 38 partisan detachments with a total number of 5027 people have constant radio communication with the Ukrainian headquarters of the partisan movement”.


          “The state of the partisan movement in Ukraine for 1.1.43 years is characterized by the following figures:
          a) There are 60 active units with a total number of 9199 people.
          , of which 24 squads with a total number of 5533 people were ousted [by the enemy — SG] from the territory of Ukraine;
          b) Since the beginning of the war, 675 units have been registered, with a total number of 25 people.
          Thus, at present in Ukraine there is almost no large active detachment that has a connection with the center. ”
          That is at the beginning of 1943, 3666 partisans remained on the territory of the Ukrainian SSR.
          And the overwhelming majority of the 25 partisans mentioned have gone somewhere — either they died, or they fled or hid in the forests, not showing activity.

          Who dared so rudely rewrite the well-known history of the glorious partisan movement?
          This is Major of State Security Timothy Strokach, in 1942-45 - chief of the Ukrainian headquarters of the partisan movement.

          “The personnel of the 12th battalion Saburov are engaged in revelry, drunkenness, terrorize and rob the Soviet-minded population, including even the relatives of their fighters. "Combat Shitov and the commissar promise to stop this anti-Soviet work, but act hesitantly, trying to cover up those involved in banditry."
          And what is this insignificant bourgeois nationalist slandering partisans of the Hero of the Soviet Union Saburov? This is the people's commissar of internal affairs, Beria, he reports to Stalin about the atrocities, he himself does not have enough funds to curb the guerrilla heroes.
          Think about it - from a member of the Headquarters Lavrenty Pavlovich, who writes to Stalin: "I ask you to influence through Saburov" ...


          UKRAINIAN PARTISAN MOVEMENT IN UKRAINE
          Firstly, it never had a grand scale:
          In the certificate of the Ukrainian headquarters of the partisan movement (USPA) of August 20, 1944, signed by the head of the operational department of the USPA, Colonel V. Bondarev, it says that during the war years in Ukraine there were 1200 partisan formations, detachments and groups totaling 112 thousand people.
          А the number of formations controlled by USPD, which at the same time were operating behind enemy lines, never amounted to more than 40 people. And then such a mass appeared only in the penultimate year of the war.

          Perhaps, dear Egoza (2), you are citing data on the "partisans" of the OUN-UPA, whom the modern Ukrainian government considers to be heroes and fighters against the Germans, fascists?
          1. Nicholas C.
            Nicholas C. 29 June 2015 15: 50 New
            0
            Quote: vladimirZ
            not the same site that is reliable

            How do you pull the Vyatka NKVDshnik Saburov to the partisan movement in Ukraine? He created his connection in the Bryansk region, operating in the Suzemsky, Trubchevsky, Sevsky, Komarichsky, Brasovsky districts, flying in Novgorod-Seversky and Seredino-Budsky. With him he went to the Zhytomyr region. Well yes. Ukraine. Central headquarters. But still?

            And explain what kind of 12th battalion is this? Saburov: "I am reading a document approved by the Central Headquarters of the partisan movement. It indicates that from now on we are no longer a group of united partisan detachments, but a unit and we will be called military unit 4404. We will have three battalions:
            seventh — it will include the detachments of Ivanov and Taratuto (commander - Ivanov, his deputy - Taratuto);
            the eighth - detachments of Reva and Borovik (commander - Reva, deputy - Borovik);
            ninth - detachments of Fedorov and Gnibeda (commander - Fedorov, deputy of Gnibeda) "
            Saburov Alexander Nikolaevich "The forces are incalculable"

            Ibid: "The incident in Gavrilova Sloboda will be remembered for my entire life. Even after the war, I have repeatedly come across anonymous letters. Others suffered from them, and I myself have experienced a lot. And every time the next commissions, checking anonymous letters, looked for them truth, I saw in front of me the insolent face of the fascist agent Feshchenko and heard his words, full of cynicism: "There is no smoke without fire ..."
            Ibid:
            "- There is news in Sevsk: Admiral Canaris, the head of the Abwehr, Germany's military counterintelligence, flew there. There was a commotion there. After we defeated the" party of all Russia "headed by Voskoboinikov in Lokt, the Germans began to arrest and displace. Canaris settled everything. Colonel Sperling, the unfortunate guardian of the party, was transferred to Zhitomir ... "

            But a little about Kovpak:
            "in Putivl every day, the soldiers and police add that the German command is preparing for a new offensive on Spadshchansky forest, as for a serious military operation. That is why we had to think about the huge forests lying north of Glukhov, beyond Sevsk, Seredina Buda, about the old partisan nesting places, where during the civil war they gathered Ukrainian rebels Shchors and Bozhenko against the Germans ...
            In the ring, which gathered around the Spadshchansky forest, the number of German troops and police reached, according to our intelligence, three thousand people. By this time, we had 73 soldiers ...
            battle groups with a total of 33 fighters under the command of Rudnev ... battle groups united by Bazima - 30 fighters ...
            “In order to preserve the personnel for the further struggle, consider expedient 1.12.41g. at 24.00 leave Spadshchansky forest and go on a raid in the direction of the Bryansk forests "...
            The campaign continued ... and went to the Sevsky district of the Oryol region. In December, the detachment stopped in the village of Khvoshchevka, at the edge of the forest. Hinel forests....
            From here to the Spadshchansky forest was ... But now this forest was of little interest to us. Everything has changed: both the scope of our actions and our tactics. We were not going to settle here or anywhere else. It was enough that there was a rear base - Hinel forests, behind them is an even deeper base - the Bryansk forests, where, in case of need, one could leave for a while ... "
            Kovpak S.A. From Putivl to the Carpathians. - M .: Military Publishing House of the NPO of the USSR, 1945.
            In the raid west with Kovpak went 1500 fighters.
            Shortly before the war, the Putivl region was transferred to Ukraine in the status of a Russian autonomous region. And where is the status? Very many territories of the Sevsky region, too, for some reason were then transferred to Ukraine. But the "Ukrainian" partisans increased.
            1. vladimirZ
              vladimirZ 29 June 2015 17: 07 New
              +1
              Reply to Nicholas S. (2)

              You are arguing with me. I just cited data from the USPA (Ukrainian headquarters of the partisan movement) and the NKVD data on the level of the partisan movement in Ukraine, those people who oversaw and to some extent led this movement.
              The low level of partisan activity in Ukraine in no way diminishes the feat of individual partisan detachments and partisans, BUT it speaks of the passivity and inclination to collaboration of a large mass of the "Ukrainian" population, which, by the way, is very clearly manifested in the current Bandera maidanu Ukraine.
              1. Nicholas C.
                Nicholas C. 29 June 2015 17: 48 New
                0
                Quote: vladimirZ
                I just cited data from USPP (Ukrainian headquarters of the partisan movement) and the NKVD data on the level of partisan movement in Ukraine

                I do not argue, I do not see the subject, but I specify. I did not see any references to documents of the USHPD and NKVD. I saw that you reproached the respected Egoza for the fact that Wikipedia is a very dubious "unreliable" site. I agree about the Wikipedia. But how did you come up with the idea that the one you are referring to has to do with authenticity?

                Tell us, what was this for the 12th battalion at Saburov?

                _________________________________
                And with kalloborationism, everything is cool. For example, after the defeats of the warrior Eremenko, a large number of surrounded and concentration camps, the Germans form the Desna regiment in the concentration camps. The 1st battalion is generally recruited from the Galitsa. On no more ran. 2nd - from Ukrainians. 3 - from the nationalities. A little bit of our rabble is added and all this is called the Russian SS Volunteer Regiment "Desna". Then the Uniate Jesuits give this regiment ten different names, they say that there were ten different regiments. Like, that's what you are Russian. Where to us.
  4. FREGATENKAPITAN
    FREGATENKAPITAN 29 June 2015 06: 17 New
    +7
    Happy holiday of partisans and underground fighters of New Russia and Ukraine occupied by Bandera! soldier
  5. ssn18
    ssn18 29 June 2015 06: 25 New
    +5
    Late this holiday was created, but already since 1812 they could not.
    It's good that at least in 2010 they came to their senses.
    All living with a holiday. The rest has a bright memory.
  6. fomkin
    fomkin 29 June 2015 06: 41 New
    +8
    A subtle hint of fat circumstances.
  7. parusnik
    parusnik 29 June 2015 07: 21 New
    +5
    A blessed memory to all the underground and partisans who fell in the struggle against Nazism! Happy holiday and those who continue to struggle now ..
  8. Valery Valery
    Valery Valery 29 June 2015 08: 30 New
    +3
    A good idea is a partisan holiday!
  9. igordok
    igordok 29 June 2015 08: 42 New
    +4
    Against the Germans in the Bryansk region there were not only partisans. The Russian language itself was breaking the Germans. Seshcha in German - Seschtscha. smile
    Paying tribute to the partisans of the Bryansk region, where the backbone of the partisan detachments was composed of encircled soldiers, one should not forget that the entire territory of the USSR was at war with the Germans. In the Pskov region, where there were no large encirclements, the backbone of the partisan detachments was the local population. In the east, in the area of ​​Dedovichi, there was a partisan territory where the occupier’s foot didn’t step in many settlements, where they were able to collect and transport the convoy for the starving Leningrad across the front. The oldest Hero of the Soviet Union and one of the youngest Heroes of the Soviet Union, from these places is Matvey Kuzmich Kuzmin and Leonid Golikov.
  10. Wanda
    Wanda 29 June 2015 09: 10 New
    +1
    But I think that it was written about the Young Guards that Bendera fought for the freedom of Ukraine, then they went over to the Reds when they realized that the Bandera would not be released, but the NKVD, however, that the Bandera had surrendered to the Germans .. it turned out they prepared. probably understand where the woods come from?
    1. Egoza
      Egoza 29 June 2015 12: 05 New
      0
      Quote: Wanda
      But I think that they wrote about the Young Guard that Bendera fought for the freedom of Ukraine, then they went over to the Reds,

      In fact, they began to actively develop this topic when they talked about some manuals for the families of the Young Guard. A lie began that they did nothing, but it was the "true Ukrainians" who were fighting. This nonsense was then suppressed, and now, apparently, they are actively raising again.
  11. aszzz888
    aszzz888 29 June 2015 09: 44 New
    +4
    In all likelihood, based on the events in the world, the partisans will not retire soon.
    This unique method of warfare will come in handy more than once.
  12. les103284
    les103284 29 June 2015 10: 56 New
    +3
    It is worth noting the role of state security officers, who contributed a lot to the organization of a united partisan front in the fight against fascists. We, peaceful people, but we do not advise anyone to touch us, there is experience!
  13. LM66
    LM66 29 June 2015 10: 59 New
    0
    I have only one question, but where did this sculpture go from the Belorusskaya metro station am standing at the dacha at the metro director?
  14. vladimirvn
    vladimirvn 29 June 2015 11: 13 New
    +1
    They say that the partisans were not taken prisoner because they "fought not honestly." Knights are shitty. A show-off, it was at first, show-off! Received! Apparently the time is coming, to refresh the memory, to the descendants of these warriors. And if they come to us, everyone will stand up. We do not recommend checking. Memory and Glory, partisans and underground fighters!
  15. Egoza
    Egoza 29 June 2015 11: 50 New
    +3
    A little off topic, but still ....
    today they announced on TV that the names of the members of the detachment with the “strange name” Somalia have already been established. Very sislenko confirmed that almost everything is from the Donetsk region, there is one from Pavlograd, and one from the Crimea, but Oh, horror! There is a sniper 14 years old , who works under the guidance of a veteran grandfather from near Illovaisk! Of course, criminal cases have already been opened against all of them ...
    You know, if there really is a sniper of 14 years who is fighting next to his grandfather, then h ... n they will defeat ours! Although the kid would like to wish another life - a peaceful study, living parents ... Here it is the connection of generations and properly educated children!
    Threat. But some kind of mr.z passed the lists!
    1. jjj
      jjj 29 June 2015 12: 57 New
      +1
      Accurate hits to the young sniper
  16. alkt
    alkt 29 June 2015 12: 41 New
    +1
    The Soviet partisans of the Baltic states are the heroes they are trying to forget.

    No matter what loud-voiced modern politicians from Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia say, no matter how they try to rewrite history, no matter how much they convince their citizens that during the Great Patriotic War, Soviet troops were occupiers, the truth is still the same. And it consists in the fact that the Balts, although not all of them, also fought against the "brown plague" and also contributed to the cause of the Great Victory.

    Lithuanian Zoe
    Marite Melnikaite was born in 1923 in Eastern Lithuania, in a Zarasai region into a poor family. From early childhood she passed a difficult school of life. When Soviet power was established in Lithuania, she earnestly took up her studies. But the war against fascism prevented the realization of the dream of making the life of his people beautiful.
    The fearless partisan, the organizer of the Komsomol underground, the fiery agitator Marita Melnikayte March 22, 1944, by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union posthumously. Komsomolskaya Pravda, March 24, 1944

    Soviet brave Latvian
    An example of courage and courage for all young partisans was the secretary of the Liepāja Ukom of the Komsomol, a member of the bureau of the Central Committee of the Komsomol of Latvia, Imant Sudmalis.
    By a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of October 23, 1957, he was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union posthumously.

    Brave Estonian
    Mary Arnold Konstantinovich was born in 1919 in Tallinn. In 1938 he entered the Tallinn Metal Plant as a worker. July 25, 1940 joined the Komsomol. From the autumn of 1940, A. Mary served as an ordinary, and from May 1941 - deputy political instructor in the Estonian territorial corps. Together with the Red Army he went all the way to the Victory, participated in the liberation of Tallinn. After the Great Patriotic War - in government posts in the Estonian SSR. For the heroism shown in the battle on July 17, A.K. Mary By the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of August 15, 1941 was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. "Red Star", August 19, 1941

    http://www.duel.ru/200618/?18_8_1
  17. alkt
    alkt 29 June 2015 12: 43 New
    +2
    Partisan movement in Latvia. There were large partisan formations of Vilis Samsons, which carried out serious military activities.
    In Latvia, a total of about two and a half thousand people joined guerrilla groups. Of the number of guerrilla movement militants subordinate to the Latvian headquarters, 662 people received military orders and medals. Since about 40 partisans were awarded government awards for intelligence work in Kurzeme, the total number of Latvian partisans awarded exceeds 700. Many partisan war veterans were awarded two or more orders, and three Latvian partisans - Otomaru Oskalnu, Vilis Samson and Imant Sudmalis - were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.

    Taking into account the reconnaissance and reconnaissance and sabotage groups of army intelligence and the NKVD, in 1941-1944. On the territory of Estonia, there were 3 partisan brigades, 10 detachments and 60 combat, reconnaissance and reconnaissance and sabotage groups of various departmental affiliations. Taking into account the unarmed activists and assistants (scouts, messengers, distributors of leaflets, "supplies" ...), the total number of participants in underground and partisan activities on the territory of Estonia is estimated at 7 thousand. More than 800 Komsomol members were active in partisan detachments on the territory of the Estonian SSR ...

    Lithuania also resisted the Nazis.
    In Lithuania, there were two underground regional committees - these are rather large units - and by the middle of the 44th year there were about 220 underground party organizations. In general, at the end of the war there were two partisan brigades and 11 detachments. The largest operation in Lithuania was carried out in July 1944, when these two teams took part in
    the liberation of Vilnius - they helped the Soviet troops.
    Out of 9187 identified by the Soviet partisans and underground activists (the identity of the part of those who died during the initial period of the war remained unidentified), 1800 citizens of the USSR - Soviet partisans and underground members operating in Lithuania were awarded Soviet
    with state awards, seven people (Yu.Yu. Alexonis, S.P. Apivala, G.I. Boris, A.M. Cheponis, M.I. Melnikaite, B.V. Urbanavichyus and Yu.T. Vitas) were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.

    http://baltnews.lv/uzvara/20150311/1013615708.html
    http://ria.ru/radio/20150403/1056458522.html
  18. artwin
    artwin 29 June 2015 12: 54 New
    +1
    WITH HOLIDAY - for those who are in the subject.
  19. alkt
    alkt 29 June 2015 14: 21 New
    0
    Quote: vladimirZ
    But the "Ukraine" question? I read somewhere, I don't remember until 1943 in Ukraine, only about 12 thousand people took part in the partisan movement, but at the same time more than 400 thousand people were in the policemen, punitive police battalions, the SS Galicia division, etc.


    Number in the USSR in 1939 Ukrainians 28 111 007 (16,48% of the population of the USSR in 1939). Number of soldiers killed 1 377 400 (15,89% of the total number of soldiers killed, 4,90% of the killed soldiers from the total number of this nationality)

    According to data as of November 1, 1947, 1.710.766 were awarded with orders and medals of Soviet Ukrainians. 2.021 Soviet Ukrainians were awarded the high title of Hero of the Soviet Union during the war.

    Krasnaya Zvezda, March 28, 1967.
    1. vladimirZ
      vladimirZ 29 June 2015 14: 56 New
      0
      Alkt answer

      So what? What is the relation of the CORRECT data given by you to the PARTISAN MOVEMENT IN UKRAINE?
      There were separate heroic partisan formations and detachments of Kovpak, Saburov, separate underground groups, BUT THERE WASN'T MASS PARTISAN MOVEMENT in Ukraine, such, for example, as in Belarus and Russia with a large number of participants.

      There was a massive participation of Ukrainians in punitive Bandera and police battalions, the SS division, there was no part in the partisan movement, and THIS IS THE TRUTH, which was hidden for a long time, but from which there was nowhere to go.
      And this mentality, if you will, of the "Ukrainian" people in the 21st century pushed them in large numbers into Russophobia, the Maidan, submission to the West and the United States, just as they used to cooperate in large numbers with the German fascists in the occupied regions, with Germany.
      1. alkt
        alkt 29 June 2015 15: 08 New
        +1
        And what does your comparison of the number with the policemen, punitive police battalions, the SS Galicia division, etc., more than 400 thousand people have to do with the partisans? ?

        Under the leadership of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (b) U, underground party bodies, the partisan movement in Ukraine in 1941 acquired a wide scope. More than 28 thousand fighters who were actively supported by the population fought in partisan detachments and sabotage groups.

        The partisan movement grew stronger and more active in the Kiev region, Zhytomyr region, in Kamenetz-Podolsk, Vinnitsa and other regions. The struggle grew in the western regions of Ukraine: in September 1942, the patriots of Lviv united in a single underground guerrilla organization, the People’s Guard. Partisan forces in the Rivne region were strengthened by the appearance in the vicinity of the city of a partisan detachment under the command of D.N. Medvedev. Strong blows to the enemy were dealt by the Chernihiv regional partisan detachment, a partisan detachment under the command of A.N. Saburova, Putivl partisan detachment of Kovpak, partisans of Poltava, Kharkov, Kiev, Kirovograd and other areas. On May 1, 1942, the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) had links with 766 Ukrainian partisan detachments, which included over 26 thousand soldiers and 613 sabotage and reconnaissance groups in which about 2 thousand people fought.

        As a result of the expansion of the partisan movement in Ukraine in 1942–43, partisan territories and zones were formed. Partisans controlled vast areas of Rivne, Sumy, Zhytomyr and Volyn regions.

        Partisan movement was especially widespread in the Chernihiv region. Its southern regions and the adjacent areas of the Kiev region became a partisan zone, which was controlled by more than 20 thousand partisans. In the Sumy region, after the departure of 4 partisan formations to the Right-Bank Ukraine, new partisan formations were created. After the arrival of the partisan formation of Saburov at the end of 1942, the partisan struggle in the Zhytomyr region intensified significantly. Under the leadership of the underground regional committees, the partisan movement in Kamenetz-Podolsk, Vinnitsa, and Kirovograd regions intensified.

        The growth of the partisan movement was greatly influenced by raids of the partisan formations of Melnik and Naumov in several regions. The partisan movement expanded in the western regions of Ukraine: in the Rivne region, Medvedev’s guerrilla unit and 11 local partisan units operated, in the Volyn Region - Fedorov’s partisan unit and several local units.

        By the end of 1943, 29 partisan formations and 83 separate detachments were operating in the occupied territory of Ukraine, with which they maintained contact with the USPD. As part of these formations and detachments, 43,5 thousand partisans fought with the invaders.

        Many partisan detachments and groups had no connection with the USPD and acted independently. In total, in 1943, over 300 thousand partisans functioned in the occupied territory of Ukraine.

        Over 500 thousand partisans took part in the fight against Nazi invaders during the war years in the occupied territory of Ukraine. In total, 60 partisan formations and about 2 thousand partisan detachments and reconnaissance and sabotage groups that were not part of the formations operated in the occupied territory of Ukraine.

        Partisans disabled about 500 thousand fascist invaders and their accomplices, defeated 467 garrisons, commandant's offices, headquarters, police departments, derailed about 5 thousand military echelons, destroyed more than 1500 tanks, 200 aircraft, 600 railway bridges, destroyed over 900 warehouses .

        95 patriots who fought in partisan detachments on the territory of Ukraine were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union, 183 thousand partisans were awarded orders and medals.
        1. vladimirZ
          vladimirZ 29 June 2015 16: 49 New
          0
          Alkt answer

          Above in the answer of Egoze (2) on actually participating in the partisan movement of Ukraine, I wrote, read.
          The conclusion is not mine: THE UKRAINIAN PARTISAN MOVEMENT IN UKRAINE never had a grandiose scale and was an order of magnitude smaller in number than those participating in the collaboration movement.
  20. ivanovbg
    ivanovbg 29 June 2015 15: 47 New
    +2
    My great-grandfather was an underground - a liaison with a partisan detachment from an underground party committee.
  21. alkt
    alkt 29 June 2015 18: 30 New
    0
    Quote: vladimirZ
    And this mentality, if you will, of the "Ukrainian" people in the 21st century pushed them in large numbers into Russophobia, the Maidan, submission to the West and the United States, just as they used to cooperate in large numbers with the German fascists in the occupied regions, with Germany.


    Quote: vladimirZ
    The conclusion was not made by me: THE UKRAINIAN PARTISAN MOVEMENT IN UKRAINE never had a grandiose scale and was an order of magnitude smaller in number than those participating in the collaboration movement.


    Your conclusions on the basis of the published Radio Liberty, etc. Analysts are a vivid example of propaganda aimed at inciting ethnic hatred in the territory of the former USSR.
    A wild comparison of the number of partisans in the occupied territories of the Ukrainian SSR with the partisans in the territories of the BSSR, the RSFSR and even more so with the number of collaborators of a particular nation is a typical attempt to sow ethnic hatred. Labeling the mentality of collaboration on an entire nation will fail. Ukrainians in general as a nation in the Great Patriotic War fought against fascism. Ukrainians are the people who suffered some of the most terrible losses in World War II. From 1941 to 1945, approximately every fifth resident of Ukraine died ...
    The partisan movement in Ukraine (I can’t understand your term on the grandeur of scale) played a huge role in the fight against fascism.
    I repeat.
    95 patriots who fought in partisan detachments on the territory of Ukraine were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union, 183 thousand partisans were awarded orders and medals.
    1. vladimirZ
      vladimirZ 30 June 2015 08: 39 New
      0
      Quote alkt: Your conclusions on the basis of the published Radio Liberty, etc. Analysts are a vivid example of propaganda aimed at inciting ethnic hatred in the territory of the former USSR.
      A wild comparison of the number of partisans in the occupied territories of the Ukrainian SSR with the partisans in the territories of the BSSR, the RSFSR and even more so with the number of collaborators of a particular nation is a typical attempt to sow ethnic hatred. Label the mentality of collaboration on the whole people will not work


      Write nonsense. These data are not "Radio Liberty", they are data from the Ukrainian headquarters of the partisan movement.
      Hiding the TRUTH always hurts the cause. For the sake of "friendship of peoples" they concealed WHAT the Chechens, Crimean Tatars, Germans and others were repressed for, what it has resulted in now everyone knows - in "innocent repression of entire peoples", the demand for compensation for the "innocent" victims and anti-Russian attitude.
      In the USSR, the concealment of the TRUTH about the real situation in Ukraine with the Soviet partisan movement, with the movement of the Bandera "partisan" fought in fact until the mid-50s, gave rise to a distorted picture of the real situation in Ukraine, degenerated into the Russophobic policy of the majority of the population in the post-Soviet period.

      There would be no dominance in the leadership of the central authorities of the USSR and the Central Committee of the CPSU of immigrants from Ukraine, perhaps this analysis of the situation that occurred during the war in Ukraine would be made and measures would be taken to neutralize this Russophobic, collaborationist movement. But it happened, how it happened.
      As a result, we received a non-friendly hostile state of Ukraine, pursuing an open anti-Russian, anti-Russian policy, the source of a possible war against Russia.
      1. alkt
        alkt 30 June 2015 10: 05 New
        +1
        Quote: vladimirZ
        Here are the data from the site
        http://vnmazurenko.blogspot.de/2012/10/blog-post_4912.html

        Find out your link?

        And here is a link to the original article you cited.

        http://www.radiosvoboda.org/content/article/24715024.html

        And Nazism from you and rushing. Do not he like the friendship of the peoples of the USSR. Your "truth" has been hammered into the people 24 hours a day since perestroika.
        I see no reason to discuss more.
  22. sarmat-4791
    sarmat-4791 29 June 2015 22: 17 New
    0
    Chronicle of significant events of the partisan struggle in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. (Bryansk region) (Compiled by V.K. Sokolov in 1959.)
    1941 YEAR
    22nd of June. At 4 a.m. without declaring war, Hitlerite Germany attacked the Soviet Union. The Great Patriotic War of the Soviet people against the Nazi invaders began.
    At the factory "Red Profintern" in the mountains. Rallies were held in Ordzhonikidzegrade (Bezhitsa), at which the workers expressed their indignation at the provocative attack of the fascist hordes on the Soviet Union.
    The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR issued a Decree declaring martial law in certain areas of the USSR, including the Oryol Oblast.
    June 24. In the mountains. Bryansk, Volodarsky, Fokinsky districts, Uritsky settlement and Bryansk rural area introduced martial law.
    3 July. Speech on the radio by JV Stalin to the Soviet people with an appeal to start a guerrilla struggle against treacherously attacking Nazi Germany.
    5'th of July. In the village Brasovo formed the partisan detachment "For the Homeland".
    August 9th. Kletnyansky district is occupied by Nazi invaders.
    In the village Kletnya created Kletnyansky partisan detachment.
    August 15. In the mountains. Bryansk created a city partisan detachment, subsequently named after the deceased commander of the detachment Comrade. Kravtsova.
    In the mountains. Trubchevsk formed a partisan detachment to them. Stalin.
    August 16th. In the mountains. Klintsy created a partisan detachment.
    A partisan detachment was created in Mglinsky district.
    August. In the Pogarsky district a partisan group was created, from April 8, 1942 reorganized into a partisan detachment named after Chapaeva.
    A partisan detachment was created in the Dubrovsky district.
    In the Zhukovsky district, the Zhukovsky partisan detachment was created.
    September. In the mountains. Ordzhonikidzegrad (Bezhitsa) created the Ordzhonikidzegrad partisan detachment.
    In the Dyatkovo district, the Dyatkovo partisan detachment was created.
    In the village Bytosh Dyatkovo district created Bytosh partisan detachment,
    2 October. In the village of Suzemka created a partisan detachment "For the power of the Soviets."
    October 3rd. By decision of the Ordzhonikidzegrad (Bezhitsky) city committee of the CPSU (b), a guerrilla group named after them was created from two village fighter units. Chapaeva.
    October 6th. The troops of the Soviet Army left the mountains. Bryansk. The Nazi invaders occupied the cities of Oryol, Bryansk, Navlinsky district of the Oryol (now Bryansk) region,
    The Bryansk regional Komsomol organization in connection with the occupation of the region went underground. On the day of occupation, the organization numbered 350 members.
    Parts of the Soviet Army after stubborn battles left the city of Trubchevsk.
    October 8th. The troops of the Soviet Army left the mountains. Ordzhonikidzegrad (Bezhitsu).
    Nazi invaders occupied the village. You are Dyatkovo district.
    In the village Vorki of the Navlinsky district created a partisan detachment, later named after the commander of the detachment - Hero of the Soviet Union Philip Sagittarius.
    October 10th. Hitler troops occupied the village. Komarichi.
    17 October. In the Vygonichsky district created a partisan detachment named after Schorsa.
    October. The beginning of the rapid development of the partisan movement in the Bryansk forests.
    In the forest near the village of Borschevo, Navlinsky district, a partisan detachment "Death to the German occupants" was created,
    the 13th of November. Commissar of the Suzemsky partisan detachment comrade Panichev held a meeting with the communists of the village of Kokorevka. At the meeting, it was decided to organize a detachment that operated until February 3, 1942, as a local self-defense group. Comrade Commander appointed Erofeev, Commissar - Comrade Chikhlatov.
    November 25. In the village of Sidorovka, Navlinsky District, a partisan detachment was formed. Mikoyan.
  23. sarmat-4791
    sarmat-4791 29 June 2015 22: 20 New
    +2
    December 14th. In a battle with German machine gunners, D. Kravtsov, the commander of the Bryansk city partisan detachment, was killed.
    In the village The Deep Puddle and Dumcha of the Navlinsky district formed the partisan detachment "People's Avenger".
    In the village them. On May 1, Navlinsky district, create a partisan detachment named after Shaumyan (who later joined the partisan brigade "Death to the German occupiers").
    December 30th. The partisan group of the Dyatkovo detachment under the command of Comrade. Ryabka and Kulika from an ambush near the village of Star destroyed 35 German pilots traveling in cars: one pilot fled, but was caught by local residents. Trophies were taken: 5 cars, 2 machine guns, 18 rifles, 2 thousand cartridges.
    1942 YEAR
    1st of January. In the village Prolysovo, Sytenki and Pashenki, Navlinsky district formed a partisan detachment named after Kotovsky.
    January 3rd In the village Kokorevka of the Suzemok district created the partisan detachment "Bolshevik" (subsequently joined the partisan brigade "For the Homeland").
    January 8. The defeat by the partisans of the fascist organization in the village. Cubit.
    January 15. In the village Yakovsk Trubchevskogo area created partisan detachment to them. Ordzhonikidze (later joined the partisan brigade named after Stalin).
    January 17. In the village Gavrilov Gut Suzemok district created a partisan detachment to them. Kalinina,
    The 25th of January. In the village of Glinnoye, Navlinsky District, a partisan detachment was formed. Kirov (later joined the partisan brigade "Death to the German occupiers").
    Two girls - partisans Koseeva and Afanasyeva on the instructions of the commander of the Zhukovsky detachment went to the German headquarters; taking advantage of the short absence of the headquarters officers, they seized the headquarters mail from the envelopes lying on the table and put Soviet leaflets in them.
    February 2. In the Navlinsky district formed a partisan detachment named after Sverdlov.
    Partisan detachment to them. Stalin and the partisan detachment of them. Chapaev defeated the enemy garrison in the mountains. Trubchevsk.
    In the battle for the railway station of Poluzhie, the commander of the partisan detachment Philip Strelets was killed.
    February 4th Partisan detachment to them. The hero of the Soviet Union, Sagittarius, was defeated by the garrison of the enemy at the station of Poluzhie, Vygonichsky district.
    In the Trubchevsky district created a partisan detachment to them. Alexander Nevsky.
    February 5th. A group of partisans of the Zhukovsky partisan detachment arrived in with. Rognedino and organized the Rognedinsky partisan detachment.
    February 13. In sec. Gnilevo Trubchevsky district formed a partisan detachment to them. Dimitrova.
    The 14th of February. Partisan detachments in the Dyatkovo district restored Soviet power. The commandant of the city is appointed. All armed forces are united under a common command. It was organized by the party’s district committee, district executive committee, the prosecutor’s office, a judicial trio was created, and village councils were formed.
    February 16th. In the villages of Gavrilovka, Gololobovo, Revny, Navlinsky district, partisan groups were created from self-defense groups. squad them. Zhdanova (later joined the partisan brigade "Death to the German occupiers").
    February 17. In the settlements of Ostray Luka and Dolsk of the Trubchevsky district, a partisan detachment named after Lenin (later joined the partisan brigade named after Stalin).
    In sec. Radugino Trubchevsky district forming a partisan detachment to them. Kutuzova
    February 20th. The first Soviet planes arrived in Partisan Territory, delivering ammunition and food.
    February 21st. Partisan Detachment No. 2 named after Voroshilova defeated the enemy garrison in the village. Farm - Mikhailovsky.
    February 22. In the Dyatkovo district, the first issue of the partisan newspaper Fokinsky Rabochiy was published.
    25 February. A meeting of the command and political composition of the partisan detachments of the Southern massif of the Bryansk forests took place.
    March, 3rd. In sec. Alyoshenka Navlinsky district created a partisan detachment named after Zheleznyak.
    In the Vygonichsky district created a partisan detachment named after 26 Baku commissars.
  24. sarmat-4791
    sarmat-4791 29 June 2015 22: 23 New
    0
    March 11th. Partisan detachment to them. Kutuzov partisan brigade. Stalin at the village Radutino Trubchevskogo area fought a fierce battle with numerically superior enemy forces, numbering about 700 people. Discarding the enemy, the partisans captured rich trophies.
    April 10th. In the six months of the struggle against the invaders, partisan detachments of the Oryol region destroyed 5 thousand soldiers, officers and traitors, destroyed 29 aircraft, 44 tanks and armored vehicles, 343 vehicles. Several railway echelons were lowered, tens of bridges were blown up.
    April 23rd. The headquarters of the United partisan brigades was created to guide partisan units in the southern and southwestern regions of the Oryol region.
    26 April. By the decision of the Komarichsky and Brasovsky district committees of the CPSU (b) and the order of the command of the partisan detachments, a partisan detachment named after Chkalova. The detachment operated in the Komarichsky district.
    April 28th. A meeting of the Trubchevsky RK Bureau of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks took place, which discussed the issue of reinstating in 12 village councils of the district. Soviet power. On the liberated territory, the work of the district party committee and the executive committee of the district council resumed.
    The southern group of detachments carried out a major operation, as a result of which the settlements were occupied by partisans: Seredino-Buda, Pigarevka, Chernatskoye and others. 46, 51 and 32 Hungarian battalions were defeated (400 soldiers and officers were destroyed; 3 warehouses with ammunition, ammunition and burned food).
    April 29th. The Kokorev detachment, with support from the rear of the Shamyakino Self-Defense Group, disarmed and arrested the entire police force of the villages of Shamyakino and Tarasovka in the amount of 142 policemen, captured these villages without a fight. Of the 85 captured, a local self-defense group was organized.
    The 1 of May. In the Vypolzovsky and Tishinsky village councils of the Trubchevsky district, a partisan detachment named after Dmitry Donskoy.
    May 2. A group of bombers under the command of foreman Izhukin A.I., using a boat loaded with 250 kg of tol, blew up a railway bridge over the Revna River at the Sinezerki station.
    On May 15th. Partisans liberated from occupiers more than 500 settlements with a population of about 200 thousand people. Navlinsky, Surazhsky and Suzemsky districts were completely liberated from the enemy and partially - Sevsky, Trubchevsky, Brasovsky, Komarichsky, Vygonichsky.
    22nd of May. 7 partisan detachments of the Trubchevsky and Vygonichi regions as a result of a simultaneous attack on the section between the stations of the Red Rog and Vygonichi destroyed 7,5 km of the railway track, 4,5 km of communication lines, derailed the armored train, defeated the garrison of the Khmelevo station.
    May, 23rd. Behind enemy lines came the first issue of the Partizanskaya Pravda newspaper, an organ of the Oryol regional party committee.
    May 29. In the area of. Suzemka created partisan detachment to them. Andreeva.
    In the battles with the Nazis, the secretary of the Dyatkovo district committee of the Komsomol Vladimir Ryabok was killed. Riding posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.
    May. The 3rd rifle guerrilla division consisting of 7 battalions was created.
    On June 1st. In the areas liberated by the partisans: Suzemsky, Trubchevsky, Komarichsky, Navlinsky and Dyatkovsky from among the active partisan detachments, 100 self-defense units were created with a total of 16.000 soldiers.
    June 1st. In the Suzemsky district created partisan units to them. Dzerzhinsky and them. Pugacheva.
    In the village of Igritskoe, Komarichsky district, a partisan detachment named after I. Chkalov (later joined the partisan brigade "For Soviet Power").
    By the decision of the Komarich RK VKP (b) and the order of the command of the United partisan detachments of the Trubchevsky bush from the partisan detachment named after Chkalov in connection with the rapid growth of its number created a partisan detachment to them. Tymoshenko.
  25. sarmat-4791
    sarmat-4791 29 June 2015 22: 25 New
    0
    2 June. In the Vygonichsky district created a partisan detachment named after Bauman.
    June 3rd Partisan detachments of Navlinsky, Komarichsky, Brasovsky and Suzemsky districts raided the section Bogansk-Lgov of the Pogreby-Borschevo section. They blew up the railway bridge, 3,5 km of track, station equipment at the Cellars junction and destroyed 150 Wehrmacht troops.
    June 4th In the village of Chern Suzemsky district created a partisan detachment to them. Rudnev.
    21st of June. A meeting of the secretaries of the primary Komsomol organizations of the Navlinsky region on the participation of Komsomol members in the harvesting campaign took place.
    Partisan detachment to them. Tymoshenko defeated the enemy garrison in the village of Lagerivka. The garrison totaled up to 300 police officers.
    July 1. The Bryansk headquarters of the partisan movement was formed under the Military Council of the Bryansk Front.
    5'th of July. In the village of Evdokolye organized a partisan detachment to them. Stepan Razin. 9 / VIII-43, the Order of the partisan brigade. Chapaev renamed partisan detachment to them. Suvorov.
    August 23. The first conference of partisans and partisans of the western regions of the Oryol region took place.
    August 31. The Kremlin adopted Comrade Stalin commanders and commissars of partisan detachments vol. Emlyutin, Romashin, Duka, Gudzenko, Pokrovsky, Kovpak, Saburov, Sergeykov, Kozlov, Koshelev, Voropai, Dymnikov and the beginning. Bryansk headquarters of the partisan movement comrade Matveev.
    September 1. By a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, 441 partisans of the Oryol and Kursk regions were awarded orders and medals.
    September 5th. The Bryansk Headquarters of the partisan movement developed a plan for the interaction of partisans with units of the Bryansk and Central Front.
    12-th of September. A group of partisans of the Bryansk city partisan detachment, together with Navlinsk partisans, fulfilling the order of the headquarters of the partisan movement, blew up a railway bridge on the Navlya river. Traffic on the Bryansk-Lgov line was stopped for 23 days.
    September 18th. The partisan detachment of them returned from a deep raid on the enemy rear in the Kursk region. Chkalov in the amount of 120 people under the command of Comrade Psheneva V. A. The raid began on September 1, 1942. As a result of the raid, the partisans defeated the heavily fortified enemy garrison; 40 Nazis killed, captured trophies.
    23 September. Partisan detachment to them. Dzerzhinsky partisan brigade "For the power of the Soviets" suddenly burst into the location of the enemy garrison in the village. Negino Suzemsky area and exterminated 38 fascists. Trophies were captured: a battalion mortar, an easel machine gun, 5 pistols, 3 rifles and several sets of uniforms. The headquarters was defeated, important documents were captured.
    October 12th. 9 Komsomol district committees were created with centers in Novozybkov, Pochep, Pavel, Unecha, Zhukovka, Dyatkovo, Karachev, Volkhov and Zmievka. In the cities of Oryol, Bryansk, Ordzhonikidzegrad, Klintsy, city committees of the Komsomol of regional subordination were created.
    October 15th. The commander in chief of the partisan movement, Marshal of the Soviet Union K. Ye. Voroshilov issued an order to organize the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Kletnyansky partisan brigades.
    In the village Zelepugovka Navlinsky district of women's self-defense groups formed a partisan detachment named after Krupskaya, who joined the partisan brigade "Death to the German occupiers."
    November 7th. The ceremonial meeting of partisans dedicated to the 25th anniversary of the October Socialist Revolution. Speech by Secretary of the Oryol Regional Party Committee, Comrade Matveeva and the awarding of orders and medals of 570 partisans and partisans.
    November 8th. In the village Chern Suzemsky district formed a partisan detachment to them. Pozharsky.
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    November 19th. By order of the Headquarters of the military unit, 8 partisan brigades were formed from partisan units in the western regions of the Oryol Region:
    1. The team to them. Stalin - Commander Comrade Meleshko.
    2. The team "For Homeland" - Commander Comrade Tkachenko.
    3. The team to them. Voroshilova - Commander Comrade Pokrovsky
    4. The team to them. Chapaeva - Commander Comrade Koshchalyov.
    5. The team "For the power of the Soviets" - Commander Comrade. Balyasov
    6.. Brigade them. Kravtsova - Commander Comrade Duka.
    7. The team to them. Shchors - Commander Comrade Romashin.
    8. The brigade "Death to the German invaders" - Commander Comrade. Shurukhin.
    Hero of the Soviet Union Dmitry Vasilyevich Emlyutin (at that time - lieutenant of state security) was appointed commander of the united partisan brigades.
    The deputy commander is Hero of the Soviet Union Alexei Dmitrievich Bondarenko.
    The chief of staff is Viktor Kondratievich Gogolyuk.
    November 25. In the area of ​​the village. Chelyuskin and der. A partisan artillery regiment was created in Chukhrai in the Suzemsky district.
    5th of December. In sec. Old Rudnya Novozybkovsky district created a partisan detachment.
    December 17th. When a raid of Nazi occupiers on the village. Vorki of the Navlinsky district was mortally wounded by a partisan scout from the Bryansk city partisan detachment Valya Safronova (Hero of the Soviet Union).
    December 22nd. In the Hinel forests created partisan detachment to them. Frunze.
    1943 YEAR
    January 1st. In the partisan detachments of the Bryansk, Navlinsky, Vygonichsky, Pogarsky districts of the region, 102 primary Komsomol organizations worked, uniting 2044 Komsomol members. In December 1942 alone, 10 people were admitted to Komsomol in 250 districts, and 120 Komsomol members were recommended for the party.
    January 24th. Partisan miners carried out complex mining of the Bryansk-Gomel, Bryansk-Orel, Bryansk-Lgov railroads and disabled them.
    March, 3rd. Partisan brigade them. Frunze, interacting with the advancing units of the Soviet Army, launched an attack on the settlements of Gorozhanka, Rudach (both west of Suzemka), occupied them and held them until the arrival of the Soviet Army.
    Partisan Brigade No. 2 .im. Voroshilova fought offensive battles for the settlements of Golubovka and Stegailovka, Sumy Region (125 km west of Suzemka). As a result of the five-hour battle, these settlements were occupied by partisans, while 82 were killed and 102 enemy soldiers and officers were taken prisoner. Trophies were captured: 45 mm cannon, 2 battalion mortars, 5 company mortars, 2 easel machine guns, 5.500 rounds, 450 rounds, 200 grenades.
    In the Hinel forests created partisan detachment to them. Suvorov (later - partisan brigade named after Suvorov).
    March 8. Partisan brigade them. Shchorsa together with a group of partisans of the brigade. Kravtsov, Detachment No. 1 Voroshilov, the team "Death to the German occupiers" carried out an operation to blow up the strategically important railway ("Blue Bridge") bridge over the Desna River at Vygonichi station. 300 German soldiers and officers guarding the bridge and other structures were exterminated. 4 bridges were blown up on the Bryansk-Pochep Bolshaks. Bryansk — Trubchevsk.
    On the night of March 11, partisan detachment No. 1 named after Voroshilova conducted an operation to destroy the enemy garrisons in the settlements of Ryabchevsk and Yakovsk, Trubchevsky district. As a result of the three-hour battle, 192 were killed, 2 German soldiers were taken prisoner, 10 bunkers, 3 barracks, 1 machine gun were destroyed, 2 km of the communication line were torn and destroyed.
    March 14th. The partisan brigade "Death to the German occupiers" carried out an operation to defeat the enemy garrison on the railway. Village station Sineserki, Navlinsky district. . As a result of the operation, 218 enemy soldiers and officers were killed, 4 were blown up. d. arrows, destroyed station equipment and equipment, switchboard, 4 bunkers were blown up and destroyed, railroad. canvas and communication line over 5 km.
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    March 24. The Bryansk partisans sent a letter to the workers of the Mongolian People's Republic, in which they thanked the workers of the MPR for the gifts they sent, talked about their military affairs.
    The second half of March. By the decision of the Western headquarters of the partisan movement, the 3rd rifle partisan division was renamed the Rognedin partisan brigade.
    April 11th. The first underground Komsomol conference of the Vygonichsky, Navlinsky, Bryansk regions and the city of Bryansk took place. At the conference, reports were heard by the Secretary of the Navlinsky Republic of the Komsomol. Lunin and Bryansk RK Komsomol comrade Martynova.
    May. By the decision of the command of the Western Front, the 4th Kletnyansky partisan brigade was disaggregated: independent brigades — the Mglin partisan and partisan brigade named after Kotovsky.
    16th of May. The beginning of the largest-scale operation against the partisans “GYPSY BARON”. To completely eliminate the partisans in the southern sector of the Bryansk forests, the 47th Panzer Corps (7th Infantry, 10th Motorized, 292nd Infantry, 4th and 18th Panzer, 442nd Special Purpose Divisions) were allocated, and also parts of the 137th and 492nd German infantry divisions, the 102nd Hungarian infantry division (42nd, 43rd, 44th and 51st regiments), two separate artillery divisions. Wehrmacht compounds were concentrated in the area of ​​settlements Vygonichi, Navlya, Suzemka, Trubchevsk. Since anti-partisan events were supposed to take place in dense forests between the rivers Desna, Navli and Nerussa (south of the city of Bryansk), the German command considered it expedient to use formations from collaborators in military operations. So, four regiments from the brigade of the Russian Liberation People’s Army (RONA), Ober-Burgomaster of the Lokot District B.V. Kaminsky, the 709th Special Purpose Regiment, the Desna Volunteer Regiment (Weise Regiment), and the cavalry group Trubchevsk ”, several battalions of auxiliary police. The total number of the German collaborationist group was over 50 thousand people, from the air it was supported by aviation. The headquarters of the united partisan brigades of D. V. Emlyutin had much less forces — 12 partisan formations (approximately 10 thousand people). It was a partisan brigade to them. Stalin (commander V. G. Boyko), the brigade "For the Motherland" (G. Kh. Tkachenko), named after Kravtsova (M.I. Duka), 1st and 2nd. Voroshilov (G.P. Pokrovsky, S.I. Kochur), “For the Power of the Soviets” (Y. K. Kiselev), named after Schorsa (M.P. Romashin), "Death to the German occupiers" (I. G. Khoroshavin), im. Chapaev (V.I. Koshelev), named after Suvorov (O. G. Kazankov), im. Pozharsky (V. G. Romanenkov), named after Frunze (S.V. Cherkasov). Before the operation began, the command of the 2nd Tank Army issued an order (dated May 11, 1943) to evacuate the civilian population from the battle zone. By May 20, German troops and collaborators managed to deeply wedge themselves into the area where the partisan units were based. They were surrounded and isolated from the rest of the brigade of the people's avengers. Shchorsa (731 people), named after Kravtsov (over 600 people), 1st to them. Voroshilov (about 550 people). The headquarters of D. B. Emlyutin and the parts of the "Death to the German Invaders" brigade directly attached to it (about 1000 people) also ended up in the boiler, communications and command and control were lost.
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    On May 21, the Germans took possession of the Khutor Mikhailovsky-Unecha railway, thanks to which they resumed the transfer of motorized divisions to the front at this section. The position of the partisans in view of the significant superiority of the enemy was critical. Within 10 days, from May 20 to 29, they fought off continuous attacks by German units supported by aircraft, which, in addition to bombs, dropped 840 leaflets urging the people's avengers to surrender. By May 000, the partisans had almost run out of ammunition and food supplies. The general situation was saved only by the fact that at night the besieged brigades delivered food, ammunition and explosives by planes. Thus, according to incomplete data, during the defensive battles, the people's avengers were sent: flour - 29 tons, concentrates - 14 tons, sugar - 9 tons, salt - 1,5 kg, canned goods - 1340 cans, cartridges for TT - 13, rifle cartridges - 200, tollo - 48 kg, grenade RGD - 000, min 461 mm - 600, cartridges for PTR - 450. Bomber aircraft of the Central Front bombarded the battle formations and locations of German troops operating against partisans in the areas: Suzemka, Kokorevka, Sharp Bows, Altukhovo, Clay, Red Sloboda. But despite this support, the situation remained difficult, as can be seen from the special message of the 1300st Division of the 82th Directorate of the NKGB of the USSR addressed to the State Security Commissioner of the 200nd rank B.Z. Kobulov: “All partisan brigades are badly battered, two the brigade commander and many detachment commanders were killed, many partisans were taken prisoner by the enemy. Part of the partisans of one of the brigades went to the police. The situation is extremely poor, armed people in brigades and detachments have decreased, there is a famine. The enemy blocks partisans. To fight the partisans, the police brigade of the head of the Lokotsky district of Kaminsky was brought into the forest. ” However, on May 1600, after 1 days of bloody battles, the Germans captured a partisan airfield near the village of Smelyzh and pressed the main forces of the people's avengers to Desna, as a result, the area of ​​the defended “Soviet district” narrowed to 4 square kilometers.
    July 1. Partisan brigades of the Southern Group under the command of Major General Comrade Gorshkova A. broke through the enemy ring, left the encirclement. Over the next days, the partisans tried, as far as conditions allowed, to restore their combat effectiveness, while continuing to conduct heavy battles against the punishers. After July 6, the intensity of the fighting began to decline, and by the 10th the hostilities had almost ceased. The REPORT of the 2nd German Panzer Army on the operation "Gypsy Baron" said that the partisans suffered significant losses: 1584 were killed, 1558 captured, 869 - deserted. 15 812 people were forcibly evacuated from the war zone. , more than 2400 people. They were brought to court as "gangster accomplices", which entailed punitive measures. In addition, 207 camps, 2930 dugouts and firing points were destroyed, 21 heavy guns, 3 tanks, 60 cartridges, 000 hand grenades, dozens of machine guns, hundreds of small arms were captured. the invaders could not achieve their goals. The results of Operation Gypsy Baron turned out to be transient, not comparable to the expended forces and means. The partisans managed, albeit with significant losses, to get out of the encirclement. At the same time, the people's avengers killed, wounded and captured 5000 people. , 3852 soldiers from the eastern battalions and auxiliary police went over to the side of the forest soldiers.
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    On July 8, 1943, the headquarters of the operational leadership of the Wehrmacht summed up the preliminary results of efforts to "pacify" the occupied Soviet regions. They said that since the command does not have to count on a further significant build-up of forces allocated to fight the partisans, it is necessary to clearly understand that the pacification of the eastern regions as a result of subsequent measures cannot be achieved. Therefore, in the future it will be necessary to be satisfied only with measures that are vital to ensure combat operations. In fact, this was an acknowledgment of the failure of Operation GYGAN BARON and the German occupation policy in general.
    12 June. Partisan of the Rognedin partisan brigade communist comrade Kazeechev Ivan Afanasevich with his 15-year-old son Vasily was unexpectedly surrounded by the enemy during a combat mission. Kazeechev took an unequal battle, destroyed 6 fascists, and shot himself with the last bullet.
    July. The command of the troops of the Central Front approved the plan for the operation "Rail War", the purpose of which was to disrupt rail traffic and prepare for the offensive of the troops of the Central Front.
    July 4-9. Partisan brigade them. Suvorov, them. Pozharsky and the compounds of the Chernigov partisans broke through the enemy blockade in the Novozybkov forests and left the encirclement. During the fighting, the general was destroyed, over 100 officers and about 1.000 German soldiers.
    On the night of July 22. Fulfilling the order of the "rail war" partisan brigades, subordinates. The Oryol headquarters of the partisan movement blew up 5.130 rails, with a total length of 64.160 meters (which is 32 km of a double-track road).
    August 1. The fighters of one of the aviation units sent letters to the partisans and partisans of the Bryansk forests with an appeal to fight together against the Nazi invaders.
    August 3rd. On the railroad sections Roslavl-Bryansk and Roslavl-Kirov, a group of partisans destroyed 417 rails.
    August 15. Parts of the Soviet Army captured the city of Karachev.
    August 27th. Parts of the Soviet Army after stubborn battles occupied 20 settlements, including mountains. Sevsk.
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    September 1. The troops of the Bryansk Front captured the regional center of Komarichi.
    September 5th. Partisan brigade "For Homeland" in the area of ​​the village. Kokorevka connected with parts of the Soviet Army. Parts of the Soviet Army captured the Brasovo station. The troops of the Bryansk Front captured the village. Elbow of the Brasov region. The partisan brigade “For the power of the Soviets” in the village of Yamnoye, Suzemsky District, joined forces with units of the Soviet Army.
    6 September. Partisan detachment to them. Pugacheva in the village of New Pogoshch of the Suzemsky district connected with parts of the Soviet Army.
    September 7th. The troops of the 11th Guards Army of the Bryansk Front liberated several settlements, including the regional center and the Navlya railway junction.
    11 September. The troops of the Bryansk Front liberated 55 settlements, including large settlements Romanovna, Lyubysh, Shepherd, Maloe Polpino and the railway stations Batogovo and White Berega.
    12-th of September. The troops of the 11th Army of the Bryansk Front, overcoming the resistance, took possession of large enemy resistance knots on the eastern bank of the Desna: pos. them. Uritsky, pos. them. Vorovsky, pos. them. Volodarsky (Volodarsky district, city of Bryansk), pos. them. Tolstoy, pos. them. Fokina (Fokinsky district of Bryansk) and train. d. nodes Bryansk-1 and Bryansk-II; They moved from 10 to 20 km and liberated 35 settlements, including: Pupkovo, Berezino, Vorovka, Cement. Verkhnyaya Raditsa, Glass Raditsa, Big Polpino.
    September 15th. Parts of the Soviet Army captured the mountains. Dyatkovo. The troops of the Bryansk Front liberated the village. Lyubokhna, Dyatkovo district.
    16 of September. The Bytosh partisan brigade united with units of the Soviet Army. The troops of the Bryansk Front captured the settlements of Tchaikovichi, Golsky, Bezhichi, and by 3 o’clock they broke into the mountains. Ordzhonikidzegrad (Refugee), which by the morning of September 17 was completely cleared of the enemy.
    September 17th. At 5 o’clock. 30 minutes. under the strong cover of artillery and mortar fire, part 11 of the army crossed the Desna and, having broken the stubborn resistance of the German troops, completely captured the mountains. Bryansk.
    September 18th. Developing the offensive, the troops of the Bryansk Front captured the regional center and the Zhukovka station.
    September 19th. Partisan brigade them. Chapaeva in the village Ramassukha, Pochep district, connected with parts of the Soviet Army. Mountains Trubchevsk freed from the Nazi occupiers. In the mountains. Orel held a parade and rally of partisans together with workers.
    September 20th. As a result of two days of fighting, the troops of the Bryansk Front liberated about 300 settlements, including the village. Kletnya. Over 30.000 civilians have been released. The troops of the Bryansk Front captured the former regional center of Zhiryatino.
    September 21. Kletnyansky partisan detachment connected with parts of the Soviet Army.
    The 4th Kletnyansky partisan brigade united with units of the Bryansk Front in the Zhiryatino area. Parts of the Soviet Army captured the district center of Pogar.
    September 22nd. The partisan brigade “For Homeland” joined forces with the 3rd Army of the Bryansk Front. Our troops captured the cities of Pochep, Mglin, Starodub, and occupied over 260 other settlements. Parts of the Soviet Army captured the former district center of Voronok.
    23 September. The troops of the Bryansk Front captured a large railway junction and a strong stronghold of the German defense in the Gomel direction, the city of Unecha.
    Klintsy partisan detachment in the area of ​​the city of Klintsy joined with units of the Soviet Army.
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    September 24th. Parts of the Soviet Army captured the regional center of Klimovo.
    September 25th. Mountains Klintsy freed from Nazi occupation. Parts of the Soviet Army captured the mountains. Surazh. Parts of the Soviet Army captured the former district center of Churovichi.
    September 26th. Parts of the Soviet Army captured the cities of Novozybkov and Zlynka.
    September 27. Parts of the Soviet Army liberated the district center of Gordeevka.
    September 28th. Parts of the Soviet Army captured the regional center - the village of Krasnaya Gora, and also occupied more than 200 other settlements, and completed the liberation of the region from German invaders.
    2 October. In the mountains. Bryansk rally of Komsomol members of the Bryansk city partisan detachment named. Kravtsov and representatives of the military units of the Bryansk garrison, on which the Komsomol detachment named after Kravtsov was awarded the Red Banner of the Komsomol Central Committee.
    October 10th. In the mountains. Bryansk held a rally of workers in conjunction with parts of the Soviet Army, dedicated to the liberation of the Oryol region from the Nazi occupiers.
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    memorial in the village of Hatsun (all residents were destroyed (318 people) on October 25, 1941)
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    Hatsun Village Memorial
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    Hatsun Village Memorial
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    Hatsun Village Memorial
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    Hatsun Village Memorial
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    Already in December 1941 of the year, for the first time during the Great Patriotic War, the partisans managed to liberate a settlement from the Nazi occupiers for a fairly long time. This settlement became Zhukovka (Bryansk region). A train with food, a lot of small arms and military equipment was captured, 30 policemen were eliminated.
    better known is the history of the restoration of Soviet power in the city of Dyatkovo
    On February 10, 1942, the former secretary of the party’s district committee, Turkin G.A., and the chairman of the district executive committee, Dymnikov I.V., arrived in the partisan’s area of ​​action. power behind enemy lines. The plan of the operation to liberate the city envisaged joint actions by units of the Red Army, the Dyatkovsky partisan detachment and an underground center. On February 12, 1942, the Red Army and the partisan combined detachment occupy the city. On February 14, 1942, the Fokinsky Rabochy newspaper appeared with an appeal from the VKP (b) district committee. and the district executive committee to all residents of the district:

    On February 14, units of the Red Army and partisans established Soviet power in the city of Dyatkovo and the Dyatkovo district.
    The Executive Committee of the District Council of Workers' Deputies and the District Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) calls on all workers of the Dyatkovo District:
    Higher to raise political vigilance, to render all possible assistance to the Red Army and partisans, to destroy the German invaders and their agents.
    To contribute in every possible way to the measures taken by the organs of Soviet power on the ground and to restore revolutionary order in the region.
    Workers and workers, collective farmers and collective farmers, employees and the intelligentsia, immediately begin to restore the entire economy destroyed by the fascist bandits, restore our happy life.
    Long live our dear, valiant Red Army!
    Long live the glorious, fearless partisans!
    Yes, health workers of the Dyatkovo district!
    Death to the fascist invaders!

    In the rear of the enemy, throughout the Dyatkovo district, Soviet power was restored, the territory freed from the Nazis became known as the Soviet district. On February 19, 1942, the Council of Workers' Deputies began to work in Dyatkovo. Golubkov Matvei Nikolaevich is appointed the Chairman of the City Council, and Sergey Yegorovich Zemsky is the Deputy Chairman of the City Council.

    The borders of the Soviet district passed: the villages of Kosivat, Suslov, Ivochkina, Nemerichi, Stara Rubcha, Novaya Rubcha from Golosilovka along the Bolva River to the village of Kuyava, from Kuyava - Psur along the Bolva River, Krasnaya Gorka, Lychkino, Never, Lyubokhna, against Borovka to Bykovka, Lipovo, New Intents, Novo-Nikolaevka, Sukhodolye, Red Corner, Grishina Sloboda, Khodilovichi, Kazarilovka. [1]
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    The existence of the region created difficulties for the German command, the territory occupied by the partisans was convenient in a strategic plan. The most important railway lines were hit: Bryansk-Roslavl-Smolensk, Bryansk-Zikeevo-Sukhinichi. The railway communication Bryansk-Lyudinovo, Dyatkovo-Bytosh was stopped. there were highways and other roads, the enemy’s garrisons were divided. The enemy several times tried to defeat the Sovetsky District. The first Nazi offensive took place in March 1942, despite the superior the enemy’s forces did not succeed in breaking down the resistance of the partisans. The district administration had to deal not only with military affairs, but also with the organization of the economic life of the city and the district. A hospital, a cinema and a library started working in the city again, sewing and shoe workshops were opened, and the population was supplied with seeds. Residents of the Sovetsky District collected over 2 million rubles in state defense bonds and about 500 thousand in cash in the country's defense fund. To supply partisan detachments, the collective farm peasantry collected about 10 tons of bread and 200 tons of potatoes. In the region, the system of harvesting agricultural products was restored. Life assumed the usual normal character. In a letter dedicated to May 1 and sent to the party and government, the population of the partisan region wrote:

    We, partisans and partisans of several partisan units operating in the region, during our operations exterminated more than 1250 German soldiers and officers, 25 were taken prisoner.
    We destroyed 21 aircraft, 3 tanks, 150 vehicles with weapons and manpower, 9 motorcycles, 100 food supplies, captured an artillery warehouse with 14000 shells and mines, 177000 rounds of ammunition, captured 5 guns, 20 machine guns, 250 rifles, 50 assault rifles, 51 pistols , 400 grenades and many other weapons.
    We climbed 15 railway and 60 other bridges, derailed three trains with military cargo.

    - newspaper "Pravda" dated May 26, 1942
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    In May 1942, the enemy tried again to break through the defenses of the Sovetsky District near the village of Kuyava and the village of Lyubokhna, but the partisans forced the enemy to retreat. On May 18, 1942 the Nazis launched a third attack on the area, the 707th security division and the 747th security regiment pr support of artillery. The enemy managed to occupy several settlements, but the resistance of the partisans did not allow the enemy to develop success. The enemy forces were not enough to capture the Sovetsky District, 2 infantry were involved in addition to the operation The 19th and 6th Panzer Divisions. On June 1942, 2, with the support of aviation and tanks, the Germans attacked the area from several directions at 7 a.m. At 9 a.m. the Nazis in Bezhitsky direction occupied the village of Lyubokhna, by 2 a.m. the hostile forces on Zhizdrinsky the direction was captured by the Psur, Bolshaya Zhukova, Romanovka dereny. The hostility ring pulled around the city of Dyatkovo, at 54 pm the partisans left the city and fought back into the woods. 6000 days the Soviet district survived behind enemy lines, the Germans lost more than 1942 soldiers in battles for the area and officers. Despite the enemy’s capture of the city, the partisans did not stop the fight against the enemy. In September 27, the people's avengers carried out the destruction of 1943 echelons with equipment and manpower. The German command, with the support of aviation and tanks, began a punitive operation against the partisans of the Dyatkovo district. For ten days the operation continued, despite the enemy’s tenfold superiority in manpower, failed to complete the encirclement and destruction of the partisan group. After the victory of the Red Army in the battle on the Oryol-Kursk arc, the partisans increased their combat activity. In July 15, they erased 23 eschelenes, the railway bridge was blown up. In August 1943, the Red Army frees Oryol, and leads the offensive towards Bryansk. The Dyatkovo partisan brigade conducts operations to undermine the railroad tracks in order to paralyze the enemy’s movement. 1943a 11 days of September 1943 the Bytosh partisan brigade lowered On the slope of 3 enemy echelons, it destroyed 15 warehouses, 1943 tank, 4 cars, blew up 2 bridges and destroyed up to 1 German soldiers and foicers. In September 22, special groups were set up in partisan brigades to interconnect with the advancing units of the Red Army. The Dyatkovo partisan brigade connects with the Red Army in the Zhizdra, Kuyava and Cementnoy district and accompanies them. On September 3, 500, the city of Dyatkovo was liberated by parts of the Red Army. On September 1943, 15, the Bytosh partisan brigade in the village of Ivotok vst she retired from the 1943th Infantry Division of the 16rd Army of the Bryansk Front. The liberation of the Dyatkovo district from the Nazi invaders was completed.