The reason for the protests, which began on June 19, was the decision of the Armenian government to raise current electricity tariffs. In principle, the people's anger is quite understandable. In poor Armenia, people are not spoiled by cheap prices anyway, but here is another increase in tariffs. The situation is aggravated by the fact that the Electric Networks of Armenia (ESA) company is controlled by Russia, which in the eyes of the ordinary man in the politics leads to the emergence of a chain: “Electricity networks raise prices - Electricity networks controlled by Russia mean Russia is to blame for the deterioration of the life of the Armenian population.” Mass protests on the streets of Yerevan, and then other cities of Armenia, began with speeches against tariff increases, but quickly acquired political content. It began with the fact that activists of opposition political parties joined the protesters. The oppositionists brought political slogans, first of all, the demands of the resignation of President Serzh Sargsyan, the government, the rejection of the “pro-Russian” policy. As the protest becomes “politicized”, the aggressiveness of the demonstrators who have gone out on the street is growing. 23 June authorities were forced to disperse the first rally. During clashes with the police, 14 demonstrators and 11 police officers were injured; 237 protesters were detained by police officers. The representative of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Armenia, Armen Malkhasyan, told media reporters that brass knuckles, clubs and knives had been found with the detainees. However, severe sanctions against the protesters did not follow. More than 200 people, detained by police, soon released. The next protest rally gathered thousands of people 10, and despite the absence of any “cannibalistic” measures from the administration and police forces, the situation began to heat up rapidly. As in a similar situation in Ukraine, provocateurs appeared in the ranks of the demonstrators, adding fuel to the fire, and anti-Russian slogans appeared.
Russophobia in Armenia
The Armenian people for the most part have never been characterized by anti-Russian sentiments. Armenians had to transfer too much from their neighbors, too much help from the Russian state, and then to oppose the Russian people, against Russia. But, as in other post-Soviet states, nationalist and anti-Russian sentiments also spread in Armenia, albeit at a much more limited level than in neighboring Georgia, or, especially, in the Baltic States and in Ukraine. The origins of Armenian Russophobia go back to the end of the XIX - early XX centuries, when the Armenian nationalist movement began to form in Transcaucasia and among the Armenian diaspora, which initially bore only anti-Turkish orientation, but later began to make claims to the Russian Empire, and then, in the post-revolutionary era, to Soviet Union. By the way, the creation of the First Armenian Republic, which existed in 1918-1920, showed that without support from the “third party” it was doomed to become a victim of the aggressive policy of neighboring Turkey. Armenian nationalists sought to enlist the patronage of Great Britain and the United States of America, but ultimately the Entente powers did not provide Armenia with proper assistance, and the country's further development over the course of seven decades took place as part of the Soviet state - in one spike with Russia and other once fraternal republics.
One must be fair - anti-Russian sentiments in Armenia have never taken such a zoological character as in Ukraine or the Baltic states. If Russophobia of Western Ukrainian and Baltic nationalists is of a racist and Nazi nature, then anti-Russian sentiments in Armenia are more likely to be directed against Russia as a state than against the Russian people. Indeed, in the history of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union there have been manifestations of Armenian terrorism in the form of terrorist acts committed, as a rule, against specific officials related to the “Armenian issue”. It is difficult to set Armenians against Russia, and during the twentieth century, really Russophobic sentiments among the Armenian people were ultimately failed to be achieved either by the nationalists of the beginning of the century, or by the British, or the Nazis. Today, the baton of the British and Nazis was replaced by the United States of America, whose agents of influence are glad of any opportunity to “prick” Russia.
Murder in Gyumri
The “black line” between Russia and a significant part of the country's population was laid after 12 in January 2015 in the city of Gyumri an Avetisyan Armenian family was killed - seven people, including children of two years and six months. A terrible tragedy occurred in the morning. The criminal shot six members of his family with a machine gun, and the seventh - six-month-old Sergei Avetisyan - stabbed him with a bayonet. Soon the suspect was detained. They turned out to be a serviceman of the 102-th Russian military base in Armenia, Valery Permyakov, who shortly before committing the crime, voluntarily left the location of the unit. According to the investigators, after having escaped from the military unit, Permyakov went out to residential buildings located on Myasnikyan Street. His attention was attracted by one of the common courtyards, where the criminal and entered, having seen several one-story houses in front of him. The criminal entered into one of them, breaking the glass part of the entrance door. The owner of 53-year-old Sergey Avetisyan and his 33-year-old son Armen Avetisyan jumped out at the sound of the broken glass. The criminal shot both of them with a machine gun, then shot the host's wife 51-year-old Hasmik Avetisyan and 35-year-old daughter of the host Aida, shot 24-year-old daughter-in-law Araksiya and two-year-old granddaughter Hasmik. A six-month-old Sergei, the criminal struck his chest with a bayonet seven times. Seven days later, the baby died in a hospital. Further, the criminal collected the things of those killed, threw the machine gun and disappeared. On the night of January 13, Russian border guards who are guarding the Armenian-Turkish border, in the Bayandur village, detained a Russian army officer Permyakov disguised as civilian clothes. The deserter tried to cross the border with Turkey. Valery Permyakov was detained and handed over to the command of the 102 military base. A little later, he confessed to the investigators of the military prosecutor's office in the murder of six people.
Naturally, the news of the bloody crime that the Russian soldier is accused of was immediately used by anti-Russian elements both in Armenia and abroad. For opponents of the Russian military and political presence in the Transcaucasus, there was a great opportunity to “warm up” public opinion and put forward the demand for the liquidation of the Russian military base. Moreover, Valery Permyakov, in accordance with the agreement of the Russian and Armenian sides, should be judged by a garrison military court, that is, the killer of Armenian citizens has not been extradited to the law enforcement bodies of Armenia, and will be judged by Russian laws and, most likely, will serve time in Russian prisons. The last fact was considered by many Armenian citizens as evidence of the dependence of the Armenian leadership on Russia, which does not even allow a criminal to kill a family of citizens of the country according to the laws of Armenia. This excited the opposition-minded part of the population, which was successfully warmed up with anti-Russian slogans. On January 13, a rally was held near the embassy of the Russian Federation in Yerevan, at which a demand was made to withdraw the Russian ambassador to Armenia and withdraw the Russian military base from the country’s territory. The next day, in Gyumri, thousands of protesters gathered at the gates of the Russian military base, and in Yerevan a protest rally was held near the residence of the head of state Serzh Sargsyan. On January 15, at the Russian Embassy in Yerevan, anti-Russian forces staged a brawl with the police, intending to burn the Russian flag. The enormity of the crime committed in Gyumri does not cancel the absurdity of the demands put forward by the protesters. The Russian military base in Armenia is beneficial not only and not so much to Russia, as to Yerevan itself, since the military presence of the Russian Federation in the region serves as a guarantee against possible manifestations of aggression from the same Azerbaijan. In conditions when militants of the “Islamic State” are operating in the territory of Syria and Iraq, not so far from Armenia, destroying the entire Christian population in the occupied lands and destroying all Christian shrines, only genuine can withdraw the Russian military base and break the relations with Russia the enemies of Armenia and the Armenian people. What are people who use the terrible tragedy and murder of children to achieve their political goals.
The crime in Gyumri ideally played into the hands of the anti-Russian forces in the South Caucasus and the United States behind them. After Georgia finally fell out with Russia, and Azerbaijan also demonstrates far from pro-Russian policy, Armenia remained the only country in the region that, due to historical ties and confessional affinity, supported the Kremlin’s foreign policy on most issues. Naturally, the anti-Russian forces didn’t like it, and they didn’t fail to take advantage of such a vivid reason to discredit the Russian influence in Armenia. However, by joint efforts of the Russian and Armenian leadership, the national outrage that followed the tragedy in Gyumri was somewhat mitigated. In particular, the command of the Russian armed forces promised in the foreseeable future to completely replace the recruits serving in the Russian military base with contract servicemen.
Now, the West seems to have thrown a new anti-Russian card on the table - the socio-economic problems that post-Soviet Armenia is facing throughout its entire sovereign existence. Of course, the economic situation in Armenia is far from calling it not only good, but even satisfactory. The level of corruption, arbitrariness on the part of the power structures and law enforcement agencies, the “oligarchization” of the state, as in other countries of the post-Soviet space, passes all conceivable and inconceivable boundaries. The electric power complex of the country belongs to the Russian business, which does not take into account the level of well-being of the Armenian people (as well as the Russian one) and builds its pricing policy based on its own ideas about material benefits. Finally, Russia is indeed friendly with Armenia, not only because of the presence of long-standing traditions of interaction, confessional and cultural affinity, but also for reasons of a military-political nature. But what can protesters in return offer? After all, less than two years ago, under the same beautiful anti-oligarchic slogans, Euromaidan began in Kiev. He turned into a bloody civil war, for nearly one and a half years shaking the once flourishing Donbass. The destruction of fraternal ties between nations and even between family members. Complete destabilization of the legal and political situation in Ukraine, economic collapse, destruction of infrastructure. And the very oligarchs against whom the Maidan rose, remained and became even richer, and the people even poorer and more deprived of rights. In no country in the world where the Orange Revolutions took place and American political or military intervention in internal affairs took place, the people did not improve their welfare, moreover - most often, the economic crisis only worsened, and in some cases the countries simply collapsed and turned into spaces of bloody chaos, as happened with Iraq or Libya.
In Yerevan, the situation is somewhat reminiscent of Kiev at the end of 2013. The people are annoyed by economic failures, which are successfully used by foreign “experts on the introduction of democracy” and their supporters from among the local “agents of influence”. Rising electricity prices - what is not a reason for popular revolt, for the next “social revolution” against “corrupt”? The one who is the true customer of the “Yerevan Maidan” testifies to the delight that gripped the Russophobic Ukrainian press after the start of speeches in the capital of Armenia. In which only colors do not the Ukrainian mass media describe street protests in Yerevan. And again the same thought slips in - “Russia is to blame for everything”, “in Armenia it is necessary to make a Maidan, like in Ukraine, and to stand against Russia”. Of course, the US embassy in Armenia was very interested in the unrest in Yerevan, which in such situations always takes on the role of one of the coordinators of protest actions. Pro-American forces in Armenia are calling to break with the “imperial past” and distance themselves from Russia, especially since cooperation with it has lately been increasingly fraught with complications in relations with Western countries. Local Russophobes see the future of Armenia in “integration into the European space”, and they only forget that for Western Europe, Armenia and Armenians will never be “their own”. In the eyes of the average European, Armenians are exotic Eastern people, and no German, French or Belgian will seriously consider integration into the “European space”. This is about the same thing as integrating Chinese, Indians or Bangladeshis into the European space. Another thing is that the European demagogy can be perfectly used for the cultivation of anti-Russian sentiments among the Armenian population, first of all among the intelligentsia and always maximalist and radically minded students.
American diplomats issued a statement expressing "concern over reports of the unlawful use of force by the police during the dispersal of protesters." Who gave the right to the United States to determine the degree of competence of the actions of the police of a sovereign state does not interest anyone. After all, the opponents of the current Armenian president, and his supporters, and Russian, Ukrainian, European politicians watching the situation, understand that the unrest in Yerevan and other Armenian cities, if not directly inspired by the United States, is held with the direct support of Washington. It’s another thing that among these “understandings”, the part consciously supports the American policy, naively believing that “Uncle Sam” for dog loyalty will allow to take a million-dollar loan for “the development of civil society in Armenia”. In fact, the United States does not care about Armenia, moreover, the implementation of American plans to turn the Middle East into a burning cauldron of revolutions and civil wars directly threatens the sovereignty of Armenia, its national security and the direct physical survival of the country's inhabitants. Armenians, Assyrians, Kurds, Yezidis, Arabs, Greeks ... For American and European politicians, all these peoples are nothing more than names from textbooks on ethnography. Their prosperity, and even their existence, the Western world is of little interest. But the nationalist, religious-fundamentalist, right-radical and left-radical movements of the peoples of the Middle East, the Caucasus and Central Asia are good insofar as they contribute to the destabilization of the situation on the southern borders of Russia, destroy projects to create any integration spaces outside the field of American influence. If necessary - the United States will gladly provoke an Armenian-Azerbaijani, Armenian-Georgian, Armenian-Turkish and even Armenian-Russian conflict, if only to achieve the realization of its own political and economic goals. In the struggle, any means are good and ardent supporters of a market economy from Washington can, where necessary, advocate the nationalization of industry, demonstrate imaginary concern for the social well-being of the population, for the elimination of corruption and abuse of those in power.
It is impressive that the United States and the human rights organizations under its control, such as the Caucasian Center for Peacekeeping Initiatives, the branches of the Helsinki Citizens Assembly and the Soros Foundation Open Society, were supported precisely by the economic demands of the protesters for lowering electricity tariffs. In the mouth of the representatives of the “most capitalist” country in the world, social demands sound, to put it mildly, amazingly. Moreover, many protesters are demanding nationalization of the energy company - and yet the United States in most countries of the world was the most zealous opponent of nationalization - of course, when nationalization concerned American companies. By the way, the star of world show business, Serj Tankian, the leader of the “System of a Down” rock band, has publicly announced his support for the demands of the protesters to reduce tariffs and nationalize the country's electric power industry. However, in Kiev at the end of 2013, American diplomats and local "human rights activists" in every way speculated social problems of Ukrainian society, knowing full well that it was the "social worker", and not arguments about "civil society" and "human rights", that on the streets of the broad masses of the population. The “Kiev variant” is also seen in attracting world stars, “famous Armenians”, in order to give protest a more solid status, creating protesters the image of fighters for people's justice. World stars from the number of Armenians who had not lived in Armenia for a long time (and most often never lived there), but who are US citizens, should demonstrate in the eyes of the world community that the entire Armenian people and, above all, their cultural and intellectual elite , opposes the “Russian imperial influence” and opposes the current government and the president of the country.
Also recently, the trade of the Russian Federation with Azerbaijan, including the supply of Russian weapons to the Azerbaijani army, has been increasingly used as a pretext for provoking anti-Russian sentiments. Armenia regards Azerbaijan as a potential adversary and aggressor, attempting to violate the territorial integrity of the Armenian state. However, for the Russian Federation, Azerbaijan is only one among many post-Soviet republics, with which Russia, as with Armenia, is in a state of developed trade and economic relations. A large Azerbaijani diaspora lives in Russia, including places of compact residence of Azerbaijanis. There are no formal reasons to refuse to sell to Azerbaijan. weapons, especially since Russia sells weapons to Armenia, moreover at preferential prices. And it is Russia that ultimately acts as a counterweight, warning both countries against initiating hostilities against each other.
Behind the protesters - USA
In recent days, it was reported that the leadership of Armenia is considering the issue of a possible reduction in electricity tariffs. Of course, for the pro-American forces in the country this decision of the Armenian government would be very inappropriate, therefore the local opposition organizations moved to the second line of attack - now it’s not high electricity tariffs, but the general policy of the government and personally President Serzh Sargsyan is fiercely criticized for them . They say that he too closely cooperates with Russia, and is “corrupt” and “reminds the dictator”. In general, the usual story for countries that are outlined by the United States as an object for further expansion of the "orange revolutions". In Armenia, the United States can compete with Europe - after all, Armenia has strategic importance in the Middle East, that is, it is of direct interest in the context of further activating the pro-American forces of the region. The well-known Russian political scientist Yegor Kholmogorov even believes that in Armenia, at the origins of the riots, it is pro-American and not pro-European forces that stand and the United States can try to do without European integration slogans in Armenia. Of course, there are quite a few supporters of European integration among the Armenian opposition, but they are noticeably losing to the pro-American forces, which are supported by direct financial and organizational support from Washington. Egor Kholmogorov stresses that "revolution planners this time want to put a revolutionized country under the direct custody of the United States, bypassing the EU" (E. Kholmogorov, Krysolov revolutions // http://izvestia.ru/news/588084#ixzzNNXXeAWg3FFQ) ".
The only question is whether the United States will have enough forces and means to support hotbeds of destabilization in several regions of the planet simultaneously — in Ukraine, Syria and Iraq, now in Transcaucasia. Most likely, by stimulating the Orange Revolution in Armenia, the United States aims not only to get rid of the Russian presence in Transcaucasia, but also to weaken Russia's positions in Syria and New Russia, diverting the attention of Russian politicians to mass unrest in Yerevan and other Armenian cities. 25 June, the head of the Armenian government nevertheless stated that the prices for electricity will not fall, however, the Armenian government will start paying benefits to low-income families. According to the officials, these benefits are designed to help low-income citizens of Armenia with the payment of housing and communal services, first of all - electricity.
Much in this difficult situation depends on how the head of the Armenian state behaves. I would like the President of Armenia this time to have the courage and determination to prevent the country from sliding into the abyss of “Maidanism”. Moreover, Armenian President Sargsyan is a man with a military past. Serzh Sargsyan is 61 years old. In the past, a Komsomol worker, it was he who in the early 1990s. was one of the most visible leaders in the struggle for self-determination of Nagorno-Karabakh. In 1989-1993 Sargsyan led the committee of the self-defense forces of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, then he was the Minister of Defense of Armenia and the head of the Department of State Security of the Republic of Armenia, the Minister of National Security of Armenia, and headed the government. Serzh Sargsyan became the head of the Armenian state in 2008. A person with such a serious biography, who went through the Karabakh war, seemed to have to react in a different situation a little differently than Viktor Yanukovych, who dragged him to the last and turned out to be a hostage of the situation, and then a political refugee. Yanukovych’s homeland is shaking today aviation strikes and artillery fire, poured blood and civilians, and militias, and mobilized to fight "for the Ukrainian idea" of draftees from Galicia, Transcarpathia, Poltava. It is unlikely that Serzh Sargsyan wants such a terrible future for small Armenia, especially since, unlike Ukraine itself, Armenia is literally in a hostile environment.
However, we do not see any harsh actions on the part of Serzh Sargsyan. 24-25 June he was visiting Brussels. And these days in Yerevan, the confrontation of the police and the protesters continued. The Armenian society, of course, differs from the Ukrainian one. First of all, Armenia is a mono-ethnic country in which Armenians constitute the absolute majority of the population, and apart from them only completely complimentary Armenians live in Yezidis, Assyrians and Russian Molokans. Secondly, Armenia does not have a historical tradition of anti-Russian resistance, on the contrary - Russia has always provided assistance to the Armenian people, a very large Armenian diaspora and no less numerous groups of the Armenian population living in the Russian Federation who have long been indigenous in some districts of the Rostov region, Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories live in the Russian Federation . When Armenian politicians and publicists who adhere to pro-Western positions begin to argue about the presence of anti-Armenian sentiment in Russia, about the possible risk of “pogroms” by the Cossack population in the Krasnodar Territory, it looks at least ridiculous. In the South of Russia, Armenians have long been considered one of the indigenous peoples of the region, have good relations with other peoples and ethnic groups living in the region, and, above all, with the Russian and Cossack population. There are a large number of mixed families, not to mention the friendly and friendly relations between the representatives of the Armenian and other peoples of southern Russia. Therefore, among the Russian citizens of Armenian origin, the events taking place in their “historic homeland” are of great concern. First of all, by the fact that the coming to power in the country of anti-Russian forces may adversely affect the relations between Armenia and Russia. The Armenian population of Russia and Armenia has very close ties, often they are the same families, just someone lives in Armenia, and someone in Russia. The break in Russian-Armenian relations would be no less tragic than the break in Russian-Ukrainian relations, especially since for Armenia it will inevitably be aggravated by the immediate risk of threats from militant neighbors.
The likely consequences of "electric maid"
On the other hand, the “digging” under Serzh Sargsyan is fraught for Armenia with the resumption of the smoldering Karabakh conflict. After all, Serzh Sargsyan and many other prominent political figures of modern Armenia are representatives of the so-called. “Karabakh elite”, veterans of the Karabakh war. If pro-American forces come to power in Armenia, then sooner or later the Karabakh war will resume and, moreover, will entail another change of power in Armenia itself. After all, the pro-American government will not stand up for Karabakh, but the Armenians, as we noted above, are not Ukrainians. They have a very strong national feeling, a very strong national pride and they are unlikely to give up Karabakh. Accordingly, the Transcaucasus will be covered by another war that the United States needs - to destabilize the situation on the borders of Russia and Iran and the possible involvement of these states in the armed conflict, but neither Armenia nor Azerbaijan, nor even ordinary Armenians and Azerbaijanis at all.
One of the leaders of the Armenian opposition, the leader of the Heritage Party, Raffi Hovhannisyan, is the most convenient politician from the point of view of some political scientists. After all, he is a native of the United States of America, a Democrat, that is, an ideal conductor of American political influence. Hovhannisyan was not only born in America, he received higher education at the University of California and Taft, he defended his doctoral dissertation in jurisprudence at Georgetown University. It was in the United States that the first half of Raffi Hovhannisyan’s life took place, which only in 1990, at the age of thirty-one, first arrived in Armenia - “to its historic homeland”, where he immediately took the post of foreign minister (though the Armenian Foreign Ministry briefly headed in 1991-1992.). It is quite probable that it is the West that will put him in his desire to replace Sargsyan with a less obedient candidate who is less connected with Moscow. Raffi Hovhannisyan - for the United States is a real gift, or rather, it is rather the “American gift” of Armenia, the only question is what policy Hovhannisyan will lead in the event of coming to power. After all, even the Armenian opposition recognize the sovereignty of Nagorno-Karabakh, respectively, and if the opposition comes to power in Yerevan, the US will face a rather dubious prospect of choosing between two support objects - Baku (and Istanbul) on the one hand, Yerevan - on the other. Supporting Yerevan, will the United States not have to support Nagorno-Karabakh? But then how does the relationship between the United States and Turkey and Azerbaijan? Moreover, the United States has a 1.5 million Armenian diaspora, many of whose members have serious economic and political influence and can have a definite impact on the foreign policy of the United States towards Armenia.
Meanwhile, independent economists and political scientists are warning the Armenian people from repeating the mistakes of Ukraine. Renowned American economist Paul Craig Roberts says openly: “If Washington succeeds in making a coup in Armenia, like in Ukraine, the next step will be an attack on the Armenian family, legitimizing homosexuality, freeing children from parental control, rethinking relations between parents and children. Armenia will simply be destroyed and will become a vassal state of America. ” It is difficult to disagree with these words of an American economist, especially since they are confirmed by practice - recent events in Ukraine and in other countries where the “American model of democracy” has been approved or is happening. In fact, the United States is only interested in removing Russia from the Transcaucasus, which will ease the pressure on Syria and Iran. The future of Armenia as a sovereign state of American politicians is not interested, and it is possible that the country’s territory, in the event of a global “redrawing” of the political map of West Asia, can be divided between its larger and more interesting neighbors for the United States.
You should not dismiss Turkey as a member of NATO and the historical opponent of Armenia, Azerbaijan, which is also interesting to the United States as a state with significant fuel resources bordering Iran, Georgia is one of the pillars of Russophobic policy in the post-Soviet space, also having certain differences with neighboring Armenia and, finally, the political fate of the Kurdish people, who still do not have their own independent statehood. None of the Armenian politicians who adhere to a pro-American and anti-Russian orientation, once will not be able to answer the banal question, “Why, actually, is America Armenia?”. Indeed, except for the desire to confront Russia, it is not possible to explain the US interest in a distant and small mountainous country. As the Armenian author Artyom Khachaturian correctly emphasizes, “who is the recipient of dividends from Russophobia in Armenia? The answer is obvious: those who conceived the Eastern Partnership in order to curb the reintegration of the post-Soviet space, who are trying to destabilize the situation in the region, who are introducing controlled chaos around the world to maintain the dollar rate, that is, the United States of America ”(A. Khachaturian the successful spread of the epidemic Russophobia in Armenia // http://inosmi.ru/sngbaltia/20130621/210268101.html).
Russian politicians still prefer to maintain the position of “polite neutrality”, preferring not to voice their true opinion regarding the events in Yerevan. However, in reality, everything is already clear - the situation in Armenia is fueled by foreign agents. If now the protesters succeed in moving from meetings with economic slogans to political unrest, then there is a certain possibility of repeating the Euromaidan scenario. The overthrow of Sargsyan will entail the final loss of the Russian positions in Transcaucasia, will create a lot of problems not only for Russia, but also for Syria and Iran, as well, and, perhaps, first of all, for Armenia itself. Unfortunately, what is happening now in Armenia, there is an obvious fault of Russian diplomacy, which underestimates the scale of threats to Russian interests in the former republics of the Soviet Union. In fact, Russia has withdrawn from strengthening its positions in Armenia, including through the development of friendly relations between the two peoples. The fact that anti-Russian sentiments in modern Armenia still remain the lot of the minority of the country's population is explained by the excellent historical memory of the Armenian people, but by no means the specific merits of Russian politicians and diplomats. Therefore, the Russian state should also remember that the historical ties and political interests of Russia in the South Caucasus are much more important than obtaining greater material benefits from the increase in electricity tariffs.