Military Review

"The Destroyer" by Willy Messerschmitt

44


The so-called “Douet theory” of primacy that existed in the mid-thirties aviation in future wars gave an impetus to the development of the concept of a “strategic” fighter. It was intended for air supremacy over the most important objects of military theaters, escorting armadas of bombers, deep into the air spaces of warring countries, for intercepting aircraft at great distances from their bases, as well as for striking ground targets and conducting reconnaissance. Long range, high firepower, good speed characteristics and maneuverability were the main requirements that a twin-engine multi-seat aircraft with a large fuel supply and formidable weapons had to meet. In Germany, this class of "strategic" fighters was called Zerstorer ("Destroyer").

The development of such a fighter began in the mid-thirties in several European countries. In France, it was Pote-63, in Poland - PZL R-38, in the USSR - “weaving” of V. Petlyakov and TIS N. Polikarpova. In Germany, the ministry of aviation issued five firms a task to develop a “strategic” fighter.

The aircraft, proposed by Willy Messerschmitt, designated Bf.110, was an all-metal monoplane with a low-wing and spaced vertical tail. His design was a lot from Bf.109, just launched in the series.

In front of the oval fuselage with a carrier skin there was a cabin for three crew members: a pilot, a navigator-radio operator, an arrow. The power plant - two water-cooled Daimler-Benz DB 600A engines with a capacity of 910 l. with. Screws were initially set bilobed variable pitch.

The prototype of the car was the first to fly test pilot Herman Verster 12 in May 1936. An airplane with a take-off weight of 5000 kg developed a speed of 505 km / h. The machine was easily controlled and had maneuverability acceptable for its type. There were, however, a number of shortcomings: a dangerous buildup on take-off and landing, poor acceleration characteristics.

Soon, Verster performed a demonstration flight in front of fighter aviation inspector Ernst Udet, who was surprised by the energetic maneuvers of a large twin-engine vehicle. Udet decided to immediately conduct a training fight with Bf.110 on the new Bf.109В. The fight ended in a draw, the famous ace of the First World War was never able to catch the sight of 110, who constantly eluded him at turns. The delighted inspector promised to support the new fighter. And it did: the Messerschmitt fighter was the winner in competition with Focke-Wulf (FW-57) and Henschel (Hs-124).

"The Destroyer" by Willy Messerschmitt


The decision to launch the “one hundred and tenth” series was made in January of the 1937 year, but only in April of the 1938 did the first four machines of the experimental series set about testing. Since the DB 600 engine had been removed from production by that time, and the new DB 601А was not yet manufactured, the fighters were equipped with 610-strong Junkers Jumo 210В motors, as well as new three-bladed propellers. Speed ​​dropped to 430 km / h. Armament consisted of four 7,9-mm machine gun MC 17 in the nose fairing and one 7,9-mm MC 15 in the rear of the cab.

This was followed by a small (45 copy) series “B” with Yumo 210C engines, which have direct fuel injection into the cylinders and a two-stage turbocharger. These aircraft developed speeds of 450 km / h and were used mainly in training units. At the end of 1938, the DB 601А engines (1050 hp) began to arrive at the Messerschmitt plant in Augsburg. Machines of the “C” series with these engines developed 540 km / h speed at an altitude of 6000 m, and the flight range was 1100 km, with two suspension tanks for 550 l, the range increased to 1410 km.

Nazi propaganda so widely advertised the new fighter that they were interested in intelligence from other countries. The French secret service managed to recruit a certain Franz Ottil, a former military pilot. Having settled to work at the factory aerodrome as a mechanic, Ottili in May 1939, hijacked one of the first serial Bf.110С-1, intending to land him at a French air base. But in the mist the pilot got lost, and on a forced landing the plane exploded.

If initially the plant produced only two cars per month, then since the summer of 1939, Messerschmitt has dramatically increased production intensity, in addition, three more plants of other companies received an order for Bf.110 production, and these aircraft began to number in the hundreds.



The attack on Poland was attended by three air squadron Bf.110, numbering 95 machines. 1 September 1939, they escorted bombers that struck Warsaw and Krakow. At the same time, the first battle of Bf.110С with Polish fighters ПЗЛ Р-11С took place, their speed did not exceed 370 km / h. The Messerschmitts, hitting the P-11C, which were gaining altitude, shot down four and damaged up to 20 aircraft on their own. But during the raid on Lodz, the Germans were less fortunate - in the battle on bends, the lighter P-11С brought down three Bf.110С-1, having lost two of their cars. Soon, having broken the resistance of Polish aviation, the “one hundred and tenths” proceeded to actions on ground targets. From September 1 to 28, the Germans lost 12 "strategic" fighters.

Similarly, events developed during the seizure of Norway: the old Norwegian Gloucester Gladiator biplanes were destroyed in the air and on the ground, and then Bf.110 took off only to attack. This campaign was attended by fighters of the new modification - Bf.110D with increased flight range. The crew was reduced to two people (in place of the navigator, they installed a fuel tank). An optional pear-shaped tank with a capacity of 1200 l was suspended under the fuselage. Aircraft have proven themselves in long-distance raids to the Arctic ports - Narvik and Trondheim.

But the victorious euphoria began to fade: during the attack on France in the few battles, Bf.110 was forced to stand in a defensive circle, where each plane covered the tail of the front one. But such tactics did not always help. In three weeks of fighting, the Germans lost 82 from 248 Bf.110. And during the air offensive against England (Operation Flight of the Eagle), British fighter aircraft, numerous and ready to fight back, lightly and maneuverable Spitfires and Hurricanees defeated the hundredth tenth.



So, 15 August 1940, 21 Bf.110, escorted the non-111 air group to the bombardment of English airfields. On the approach to the Scottish coast, they were attacked by “Spitfires”. Throwing to the mercy of fate the bombers, who were immediately scattered, Bf.110 stood in the defensive circle. As a result, the Germans lost seven fighters shot down, bombers suffered no less losses. Only in August, the Germans lost 120 Bf.110 - more than 40% of those who took part in the operation. This forced the Luftwaffe command to detach to protect the "strategic" fighters of the Bf.109 group.

More effectively the aircraft was used as a fighter-bomber. In the summer of 1940, the next series (Bf.110С-4 / В) was equipped with the ventral pylons for two 250-kg bombs. The engines were modified - DB 601 horsepower 1200 hp A long-range reconnaissance aircraft Bf.110С-5 was also built, instead of 20-mm guns a camera was mounted in the cabin floor.

Turned out to be a bad offensive fighter, the “hundred dozen” became a successful air defense interceptor. Powerful weapons, long flight duration allowed to effectively deal with the bombers. 18 December 1939 of the year during the 24 raid of the "Wellington" on the Wilhelmshaven raid the Bf.110С-1 air group destroyed the 9 British bombers from the 12 downed. Soon, the British switched to the night bombing of Germany.



In June 1940, the crews of Bf.110С, trained in night tactics, began duty on Dutch airfields. The first Whitley shot down was Ober-Lieutenant Werner Streib on his account on the night of 1 July. Initially, the search for the enemy in the dark sky was carried out purely visually, but already in September, the first Bf.110D-1 / U-1 air defense units, equipped with IR direction finders, received air defense units. And since the summer of 1941, “one hundred tenths” were introduced from the ground by operators of the first radar stations, with a detection range of up to 48 km.

As high-speed bombers and attack aircraft, the “destroyers” were used in the Balkan campaign, as well as against the Allied ships in the Mediterranean and North Africa. In May, the Bf.1941С-110 air group with Iraqi markings painted over the crosses supported the putschists from the air during an anti-British nationalist insurgency in Iraq.

In the spring-summer of 1941, two modifications of Bf.110E and Bf.110F went into the series at once. The designers tried to take into account the experience of the first years of the war: they put the protected fuel tanks, updated the instrument equipment. The crew’s armor protection intensified: the pilot closed 12-mm armored plate and 57-mm bulletproof glass in front, 35-mm bulletproof glass from the sides, 8-mm armored rear panel from the sides. The tail gunner defended behind 8-mm broneshpangoumom and on top of 57-mm bulletproof glass.



As one hundred and tenth fighter-bomber, two bombs of up to 1000 kg each carried under the fuselage and four more 50 kg under the planes. In the variant of the night fighter, a thermal direction finder was installed, and the crew increased by one person - a guidance officer. The reconnaissance variant was also built - Bf.110-3. All aircraft were engines DВ 601N. Bf.110F produced in parallel was equipped with engines DВ 601Р afterburner power 1350 l. with. But since the take-off weight of the car reached 7200 kg, a significant increase in speed did not occur, and the aircraft’s handling only worsened.



The attack on the Soviet Union was attended by two air groups Me-110 (as they were designated here) in the II and VIII air corps. The Soviet pilots quickly found a way to fight the "one hundred and tenths" - they dragged them into battle on verticals, where the heavy, twin-engined Messer lost to our light fighters. In the future, on the Soviet-German front, they were used only as high-speed bombers, flying under the protection of Me-109. The use of Me-110 to combat even Po-2, night bombers was also ineffective. The wooden-linen “corn duster” was invisible to radars and heat finders. No wonder for the downed Po-2 was awarded the Iron Cross.

At the end of 1941, the Messerschmitt company developed the new Me-210 twin-engine fighter. But with the entry into the US war, the bombing of Germany increased sharply, and the Germans did not have time to retool factories to master the new machine. It was necessary to modernize the manufactured aircraft, to develop new weapon systems for them.

Daytime fighters suffered significant losses from the dense defensive fire of "fortresses" flying close groups. In order to successfully split their lines, the Bf.110F-2 interceptor series was additionally equipped with four 210 mm caliber missiles. On the Bf.110F-4 / 1 fighter jets, the 20-mm guns were replaced with the 30-mm MK 108, the same two guns were installed in the rear part of the cabin for firing up and forward. Aiming carried out the pilot through the prism of the collimator. For the first time night interceptors of this series were equipped with Telefunken's FUG 202 radar sights.



The first aircraft radars were heavy and bulky, and four large antennas mounted on the nose of the aircraft, significantly "slowed down" in flight. Take-off weight reached 9300 kg, maximum speed fell to 510 km / h, flight range - 840 km. This was not enough even for a night fighter, and in the spring of 1942, the designers tried once more to “reanimate” the aircraft by putting a more powerful DВ 605В engine (1457 hp on take-off).

The aircraft, designated Bf.110G, received reinforced armor (floor and sides of the cockpit) and weapons - instead of four machine guns, there were two 30-mm MK 108 guns. For the Bf.110G-2 series, two versions of the suspended armament were developed: instead of bomb-holders, two 20-mm MG 151 cannons or one 37-mm X-NUMX long-barreled cannon were suspended from the fuselage. The range of the gun allowed the Messerschmitts to hit American bombers outside the scope of their machine guns. But if the “fortresses” were accompanied by fighters, then Bf.3,7G-110 with a heavy cannon, closed by a bulky fairing, became their easy prey.



In order to somehow alleviate the aircraft, only the pilot was left in the crew, the tail machine gun and the gunner’s armor were removed. In addition, for a short-term increase in engine power, an injection system was introduced into the nitrous oxide cylinders. Such an “emergency” mode lasted 27 minutes.

Despite its many flaws. Bf.110G as a night interceptor in the hands of an experienced pilot was effective weapons. So, from June 1944 in the 1 squadron of night fighters II Air Group, staffed with "one hundred and tenths", recorded before the end of the war more enemy aircraft than the 1 air group, re-armed with new high-speed interceptors Non-219.

The following indexes were also released with this index: reconnaissance aircraft Bf.110G-3 with a maximum speed of 560 km / h and a radius of action (without tanks) 900 km and a night fighter Bf.110G-4 equipped with FUG 212 radar. The latter, in addition to standard weapons, carried two “vertical” XK 108 cannons in the back of the cabin.



In parallel with the Bf.110G, another option was being built - the Bf.110H, featuring a modified DВ 605Е engine, a reinforced chassis and tail assembly, and a hydraulic elevator control.

By the beginning of the 1943 of the 390 German air defense fighters of Germany, consolidated in 15 air groups, the majority were Bf.110. The tactics of the air defense units were worked out fairly well, and the British, who bombed the Reich, suffered significant losses. But since July 1943, the royal bombers began to drop strips of foil in flight, which was blinded by Nazi radars. Interceptors have become completely helpless in the night sky. The command was forced to re-target them on day missions. But the night-time untrained tactics, accustomed to flying close to the enemy, suffered heavy losses from the fire of the "fortresses". Only at the end of 1943, the Germans created a radar capable of selecting a target from the interference it created, FUG 220, and the fighters returned to action at night.



And although Bf.110, figuratively speaking, clung to the air with antenna whiskers, flame arresters on engines, and fairings of guns, because of which it had a clearly insufficient speed and poor maneuverability, it was still better than the converted Ju-88 interceptors from bombers Do-Xnumx. The new night fighters Me-217 and He-210 were just passing troop tests, so the mass production of the Bf.219 continued. In 110, 1943 aircraft were built, in 1509 - 1944. Total plants released 1518 Bf.6050. In January, 110, the number of night air groups increased to 1944, of which 22 are staffed with outdated "one hundred and tenths."

The strategic offensive of the Soviet Army and allies, which began in the fall of 1944, put the Nazis in such a critical situation that the Luftwaffe command threw all the aircraft at its disposal, including night fighters, at the bombing of the advancing Soviet units. Since air supremacy was long over Soviet aviation, for the “hundred men” a genuine beating began. For several months, almost all of them were destroyed. And in March, the Messerschmitt plant's 1945, having managed to release the 1945 BN.45 110 for three months, remained in the rear of the Soviet troops.





Sources:
Kotelnikov V. Firsov A. Heavy fighters Pe-3, Bf.110. // Aviation and Cosmonautics. 1998. No.5-6. C. 21-24, 60.
Ivanov S. Messerschmit Bf.110 // War in the air. No.117. C.2-3, 7-12. 63-68.
Vekhov S. “The Straggist” Fighter // Wings of the Motherland. 1992. No.1. C. 9-11.
William Green. Wings of the Luftwaffe (warplanes of the Third Reich). Part of 5: Messerschmitt. M .: Publishing Department TsAGI, 1995. C. 384-396.
Haruk A. Fighters of the Second World War. M .: Yauza, Eksmo, 2012. C.110-114.
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  1. AlNikolaich
    AlNikolaich 10 June 2015 06: 33
    -3
    It is good that the Messerschmitts did not get the idea to make the M110 a normal dive player, as they did with
    "Weaving" Petlyakovites - creating a Pe-2 out of it! Later from the Pe-2, the Pe-3 appeared, a full-fledged heavy fighter
    with radar! And the Germans continued to make various "ersatz" out of the hundred-tenth, which anyhow
    will do! And the "thing" remained a dive bomber - the bastier, the machine is already outdated, dumb, and almost
    completely knocked out after 1943 year!
    1. svp67
      svp67 10 June 2015 08: 34
      +20
      Quote: AlNikolaich
      It is good that the Messerschmitts did not get the idea to make the M110 a normal dive player, as they did with
      "Weaving" Petlyakovites - creating a Pe-2 out of it!

      And it was unnecessary to them, since they had a magnificent Yu-87 and not a bad Yu-88. So that they deliberately did not want to spoil the already not very good fighter.
    2. qwert
      qwert 10 June 2015 11: 11
      +8
      In the article, Messer’s bravura pictures are completed by a photograph of an ordinary Russian Vania, against the backdrop of a littered Destroyer. Symbolically and with humor. Separate plus. This is not France and England, this is Russia, or rather the Soviet Union.
    3. Bayonet
      Bayonet 10 June 2015 12: 12
      +5
      Quote: AlNikolaich
      And the "thing" remained a dive bomber - the bastier, the machine is already outdated, dumb, and almost
      completely knocked out after 1943 year!

      To put it mildly, this is not entirely true. Here is a good article about "Stuck" http://vspomniv.ru/shtukas/
  2. tomket
    tomket 10 June 2015 06: 46
    +5
    In "Modeler - Constructor" there was an article about the Me-110 with the heading - "It did not meet the hopes", which fully characterizes this aircraft.
    1. Argon
      Argon 10 June 2015 16: 43
      +4
      Well, this is a very large stereotype, and the Soviet one, promoted mainly in order to explain why we did not have such a machine. In fact, the concept of a universal high-speed / maneuverable platform with an "operational" range is still alive and well. let's remember the Su-30MKI and the Rafale. During WW2, almost all powers were forced to create and improve such machines. And in my opinion, the Me-110 is the most successful of them in terms of combining technical characteristics with respect to the tasks it solves. This is the first in its class of machines with the initially optimally determined MGH (as opposed to the Potez), the number of crew (as opposed to the Lighting) and the ratio of the strength of the airframe relative to its weight (in contrast to the Japanese Ki-45 and the British "Mosquito") that is, a fairly balanced armament for its time. The only main mistake of the Germans is that they initially tried to make this rather expensive machine the main one, along with the Me-109, and if in the course of the European "blitzkriegs" this justified itself, then as soon as the war took on a "total" form, like the "Battle of Britain" losses became significant as a result of the impossibility of their quick replenishment. -110 in a battle against single-engine fighters. Note that the unsuccessful attempt of the 42g to replace the 110e in the series was caused more by the revision of the actual conditions of use (doctrine) than the performance characteristicsthe machine itself.
      1. Cap.Morgan
        Cap.Morgan 22 July 2015 13: 19
        0
        We had such a car. Pe-2, in the version of the Pe-3 fighter.
  3. D-Master
    D-Master 10 June 2015 06: 58
    +9
    Regarding Me 110. Heinrich Goering was very fond of them, calling them the iron-sided, and collecting them with his own guard. A machine created without comprehensible goals has become an unnecessary acquisition, which was adapted as best they could. But regarding the dive player I do not agree with AlNikolaevich. Yu-87 was the best in the world and, in fact, the only dive player, all other dive players were exactly alterations. Yu-87 possessing a unique wing of a seagull and braking gratings made it possible to dive at angles close to 90 degrees. Its low speed stemmed from the tasks and, as the engineers did not fight, it was not possible to make a dive but with the best speed qualities. Me-110 could not even dive close at such angles, and did not have a braking system. It would be the same ersatz dive player, as in principle, and everything else that was made of it.
    1. nvn_co
      nvn_co 12 June 2015 16: 21
      0
      Heinrich Goering was very fond of them, calling them the iron-sided, and collecting them with his own guard. A machine created without comprehensible goals has become an unnecessary acquisition, which was adapted as best they could.
      Well, probably it’s not theirs anymore, but Mr. Willie ... But your phrase completely betrays the point of promoting 110 matches, no matter how you tried, where you didn’t stick, it didn’t go ... In my opinion there were more negative points than positive ones. Probably the Me 110 is a machine that turned out to be a turning point, and in the early 40s, sadly, but it began to age ...
  4. inkass_98
    inkass_98 10 June 2015 07: 56
    +10
    But still a beautiful car. Willy had talent, his talent would be for the good!
  5. svp67
    svp67 10 June 2015 08: 32
    +1
    "The Destroyer" by Willy Messerschmitt
    The most interesting thing is that according to some data, it was the "transferred" concept of this "destroyer" ("flying cruiser", according to ANT) that was charged with A.N. Tupolev
    1. nvn_co
      nvn_co 12 June 2015 16: 25
      0
      I could be wrong, but there was such a legend that it was not 110th but 109th and for a few bottles of antibiotics. Roofing felts for my son, roofing felts for ... In general, for a relative. And it was in the early 30s, and a group of enthusiasts was developing a concept or, conditionally a draft design, under the clear guidance of Tupolev. Here he is a sketch on a restaurant napkin and "waved" it to a certain representative of Mr. Willie's design bureau ... By the way, who knows, is that so?
  6. heruv1me
    heruv1me 10 June 2015 08: 40
    -2
    I flew on it in the simulator "Il-2 Battle of Britain", it is heavy against hoes and sleeps, if one is the cover, you can't go anywhere (hope only for the shooter). But two 20 mm mg-ff with 250 Mingeshos rounds per barrel were a pleasure. If you fly in pairs, you can act fairly confidently. In general, you can get fan.
    1. Alf
      Alf 10 June 2015 17: 07
      +7
      Quote: heruv1me
      I flew on it in the simulator "Il-2 Battle of Britain", it is heavy against hoes and sleeps, if one is the cover, you can't go anywhere (hope only for the shooter). But two 20 mm mg-ff with 250 Mingeshos rounds per barrel were a pleasure. If you fly in pairs, you can act fairly confidently. In general, you can get fan.

      Maybe enough to prove something with toys?
      1. gladcu2
        gladcu2 10 June 2015 19: 41
        +1
        I would say that it is time to start on toys to make sure the authenticity of historical facts. Only good on reliable simulators.

        The author has a mistake. He had a heavy plane in one case lost horizontally, and in the second on a vertical in a lighter one.
        It would not be bad for him to fly on a simulator himself. To understand how to fight with multi-level equipment.
        A battle on the vertical line implies a battle from a vantage point with the enemy exceeding in height. In the future, the attack and with good luck or no luck, avoiding pursuit using the speed gained during the dive. And then climb beyond the reach of the enemy. Exit to position for attack and replay.
        Thus, the enemy is imposed their battle conditions.
        The cons of tactics are obvious. But such a fight allows you to achieve an advantage.
        1. Warrior2015
          Warrior2015 30 November 2018 13: 01
          0
          Quote: gladcu2
          A battle on the vertical line implies a battle from a vantage point with the enemy exceeding in height. In the future, the attack and with good luck or no luck, avoiding pursuit using the speed gained during the dive. And then climb beyond the reach of the enemy. Exit to position for attack and replay.

          This is not really a fight on the verticals.
  7. Bongo
    Bongo 10 June 2015 09: 00
    +5
    I read it with great interest, of course "+". However, this "hooked"
    As a fighter-bomber, “one hundred and tenth” carried under the fuselage two bombs in caliber up to 1000 kg each and under the planes yet four by 50 kg.
    In total, the bomb load is 2200 kg! With the maximum take-off weight of Bf.110 - 7400 kg and empty weight - 5600 kg, even without taking into account 900 l of fuel - how is it? what
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 10 June 2015 10: 17
      0
      Good engine thrust. But not a record.
      F-16 light single-engine fighter - empty weight - 8 t, takes 4 tons of bombs.
      F-4 "Phantom" heavy fighter - empty weight 14 tons, took 8 tons of bombs.
      1. Bongo
        Bongo 10 June 2015 10: 25
        +4
        The bomb load of Bf.110 in reality did not exceed 1200 kg.
        1. qwert
          qwert 10 June 2015 11: 20
          +2
          Quote: Bongo
          The bomb load of Bf.110 in reality did not exceed 1200 kg.

          In reality, in almost all aircraft, the combat load did not reach the maximum. Because maximum, it is due to fuel and takeoff and landing characteristics. Those. You need an airfield with a good lane and the goals are very close to take-off.
          Quote: voyaka uh
          F-16 light single-engine fighter - empty weight - 8 t, takes 4 tons of bombs.

          In reference books, the maximum value is -6-7tn.
          Those. everything is correct. Maximum and standard are two big differences.
        2. Grandfather Sadomazay
          Grandfather Sadomazay 10 June 2015 19: 56
          +1
          No, well, you compared God's gift with an omelet.
          F-16 and F-4 reactive, they have a completely different ratio of traction and weight.
      2. cosmos111
        cosmos111 10 June 2015 18: 20
        +3
        Quote: voyaka uh
        Good engine thrust. But not a record.


        for 1936 year ???

        In total, 6170 Bf 110 aircraft were produced in eight major modifications (A, B, C, D, E, FG H) and in 67 versions.
        Of the total number of manufactured vehicles, 3028 were used as fighters, 2240 as night fighter-interceptors, and 494 were used for reconnaissance ...

        Bf 110A-0 - airplanes before a serial batch of four machines, on which instead of the DV-600A engines (910 l / s.) Yumo-210 engines (680 l / s.) Are installed
        Bf 110B - aircraft of the first serial modification, in versions of the B-1 fighter and the B-2 reconnaissance aircraft of the B-3 training aircraft ...
        Bf-110С - the serial modification released from January 1939 of the year with the engines DV-601. The wing ends are cut according to the Me-109 model, in which the wing had rounded wing ends, while decreasing from 16,81 to 16,30 meters ...
        Bf-110С-1 - with engines DV-601A-1s (1100 l / s.)
        Bf 110C-2 - with the new FuG-10 radio station
        Bf 110C-3 - fighter with two upgraded guns MG-FF
        Bf 110С-4 - fighter-bomber with enhanced armor and two ETS-250 bomb racks under the fuselage, a silt installation of two DV-601N-1 engines with an output of 1200 l / s. each.
        Bf 110C-5 - photo reconnaissance with aerial camera Rb50 / 30 .....
        Bf-110С-6 - fighter with two 30-mm guns MK-101 instead of 20-mm guns MG-FF.
        Bf 110C-7 - Further development of C-6 with two ETS-500 bomb racks ...
        Bf 110D-1 / R1 - long-range fighter with an outboard tank with a capacity of 1200 lit ...
        Bf 110D-l / R2 - long-range fighter with two outboard tanks with a capacity of 900 lit under each wing.
        Bf 110D-1 / U-1 - night fighter-interceptor with infrared direction finder in the 1940 year ...
        Bf 110D-2 - long-range fighter-bomber with two ETS-500 bomb holders and with two hanging tanks of 300 lit each
        Bf 110D-3 - long-range escort fighter with two outboard tanks of 300 or 900 lit capacity each
        Bf-110Е-1 - fighter-bomber with four additional ETS-50 bomb racks under the wing, taking into account the 1000-kg bomb on the bomb raiser under the fuselage, the bomb load was 12000 kg.



        thanks to the author of EliaSS
      3. cosmos111
        cosmos111 10 June 2015 18: 20
        +3
        Quote: voyaka uh
        Good engine thrust. But not a record.

        for 1936 year ???

        Bf-110Е-1 - fighter-bomber with four additional ETS-50 bomb racks under the wing, taking into account the 1000-kg bomb on the bomb raiser under the fuselage, the bomb load was 12000 kg.
        Bf 110E-1 / U-1 - night fighter-interceptor with infrared direction finder.
        Me-110-2 and E-3 - photo scout

        Bf 110F-1 - fighter-bomber with two bomb holders ETS-500 and four ETS-50.
        Bf 110F-2 - heavy fighter without bomb racks

        Bf 110F-3
        - distant photo reconnaissance.
        Bf 110F-4 - a night fighter-interceptor with improved radio equipment and an infrared locator. Instead of 20-mm MG-FF cannons, ZO-mm MK-108 cannons are installed, in the Me-llOF-4 / Ul version, two additional 30-mm MK-108 cannons are installed in the rear of the cockpit for forward and upward firing. In the performance of the Me-110R-4a night fighter-interceptor, the aircraft is equipped with a FuG-202 Lichtenstein radar, the 20-mm MG-FF cannons are replaced by MG-151/20 cannons of the same caliber.
        Bf 110G-1 - heavy day fighter, the first modification with DV-605B engines with 1475 horsepower. and reinforced armor protection. Armament, as a rule, consisted of four 7,92-mm machine guns MG-17 and two 20-mm guns MG-151 / 20.
        Bf 110G-2 - A variant with reinforced defensive armament - a movable coaxial 7,92-mm MG-81Z machine gun is installed. The G-2 variant was produced in the G-2 / R-1 versions with a hanging container with an 37-mm VK-3,7 gun, G-2 / R-2 with a GM-1 and G-2 / R-3 engine boost system with two 30-mm MK-108 guns instead of four 7,92-mm MG-17 machine guns.
        Bf 110G-3 - distant photo reconnaissance.
        Bf 110G-4a - the night fighter-interceptor with the FuG-212 Liechtenstein C-1 radar, had sub-options Bf 110G-4a / Rl with the 37-mm gun VK-3,7, Bf 110G-4a / R-2 with the engine boost system GM and 1 GM Bf 110G-4a / R-3 with two 30-mm guns MK-108 instead of the nasal pool
        Me-110G-4 - a night fighter-interceptor with the new FuG-220 "Liechtenstein" SN-2 radar.
        Bf 110G-4c - A night fighter-interceptor with a modified FuG-220b radar, capable of distinguishing air targets against the background of interference created by the Allies by dumping metalized paper strips from aircraft.
        Bf 110H - modification produced in parallel with modification "G". On the aircraft of this modification, DB-605E engines were installed, they had a reinforced chassis and tail. The aircraft were produced in versions similar to those of the "G" modification.


        thanks to the author of EliaSS
        Messerschmitt Bf-110C / D heavy fighter

    2. RiverVV
      RiverVV 10 June 2015 10: 39
      +2
      Extra zero is likely.
    3. ivanovbg
      ivanovbg 10 June 2015 12: 15
      +2
      It is necessary to read even more carefully: two bombs of caliber UP to 1000 kg and four software 50 kg. It is clear that he flew with 1x1000 + 4x50 or 2x500 and 4x50, etc. but could not take 4x250, because only 2 TO 1000.
      1. RiverVV
        RiverVV 10 June 2015 13: 12
        +1
        In general, the caliber of a bomb means the mass of each bomb individually, and not the total mass of the bomb load. The text of the article mentions that one of the modifications carried two 250 kg bombs. How did the plane then manage to lift five times more?

        In fact, if you hang two tons on an airplane, then in my opinion it just breaks on the fly. A hanging tank - and that weighs half as much.
      2. Victor the Great
        Victor the Great 10 June 2015 17: 24
        +1
        "two bombs up to 1000 kg each and under the planes four more, 50 kg each. "(quote from the article)
        And what's the problem then?
        If the version with 2x910 powerful engines has a bomb load of 1.5 tons, then why can't there be 2-odd tons of bombs with a thrust of 1350x2?
  8. Engineer
    Engineer 10 June 2015 09: 31
    0
    From the Western Front, aviation did not spread to the Eastern Front even at the end of wars. Where you got it from is not clear. Read at least one book from the memoirs of fascist bonzes, the same Galland, who just commanded fighter aircraft at the end of the war. This is a remark. And on the topic: at the end of the war, Bf.110 did not fly at all, because the Allies used jamming during the raids, jamming the German radars for guiding aircraft and maroon on airplanes, making them blind. So the real efficiency of the aircraft became 0. In addition, Hitler's confidence in Goering and in the effectiveness of fighter aircraft did not, and as a result, almost no aviation fuel arrived. And the rate of air defense forces was on anti-aircraft artillery. The most interesting thing is that Hitler ordered the conversion of all aircraft plants to produce anti-aircraft artillery, not even realizing that these plants simply do not have equipment for processing artillery barrels.
    1. KBR109
      KBR109 10 June 2015 13: 57
      +1
      Bonza is the chief monk (senior official). Do you think that the general of fighter aviation (third general rank) Galland was him? Even the high-ranking fleet commanders were not. Reich Minister Goering - yes. SPEER MINISTER, who did not deter Hitler from stupidity, is also a bonza.
      1. RiverVV
        RiverVV 10 June 2015 15: 02
        +2
        This is another matter. German aviation in 44-45 suffered huge losses and did not have time to restore the material part. The quality of the pilots was also none. In Italy, due to frequent battles over the sea, no more than 20% of the personnel remained in parts of the Luftwaffe. It got to the point that the Allies insolently bombed airfields several times a day and there was no one to intercept them. And it’s easier to rivet the anti-aircraft gun, and to teach the service staff, and she will be able to shoot at tanks on occasion.
        1. voyaka uh
          voyaka uh 11 June 2015 09: 59
          -1
          for RiverVV:
          "And the antiaircraft gun is easier to rivet, and to train the service staff," ////

          It’s debatable ...
          If a country instead of combat aircraft begins predominantly
          to invest in air defense (withdrawal into deaf defense) is ... if not agony,
          that evidence of failure to win the war.

          Now about the price:
          Anti-aircraft gun 8.8 cm Flak - 33,600 marks - an expensive little thing !.
          Bf 109 - 56,600 - 70,000 marks
          Instead of 1 fighter - only two anti-aircraft guns.
          1. RiverVV
            RiverVV 11 June 2015 13: 02
            0
            So what? The plane, as mentioned above, suddenly needs gasoline, a pilot, an airfield, maintenance, engine replacement after a certain number of hours (a little, by the way). During the Ardennes offensive, the Germans were forced to blow up their own serviceable tanks - there was no gasoline.
            Actually, it was just agony ...
    2. gladcu2
      gladcu2 10 June 2015 20: 50
      0
      There Speer successfully corrected all the pearls of misunderstanding of the possibilities of industry.
    3. Warrior2015
      Warrior2015 30 November 2018 13: 03
      +1
      Quote: Engineer
      And on the topic: at the end of the war, Bf.110 did not fly at all, because the Allies used jamming during raids, jamming German aircraft guidance guards and burgundy on planes, making them blind.

      Even as they flew, the only restrictions were the lack of fuel and the destruction of the aircraft by bombs, and the production of the same Me-110x went right up to March 1945 ...
  9. Taoist
    Taoist 10 June 2015 12: 17
    +3
    And I like 110… It’s quite a successful multi-purpose aircraft.
  10. Free wind
    Free wind 10 June 2015 13: 08
    +6
    The Japanese had a Zero fighter. Which without any hanging tanks could fly for almost 2000 km, and with hanging tanks for 2700 km. This was a unique aircraft to support the bombers. It is good that the Nazis did not copy it. Japanese pilots said that if the Germans had zero, then the outcome of the battle for Britain could be different.
    1. Argon
      Argon 10 June 2015 23: 00
      +3
      Yes, the Germans would have lost right away, and the battle did not take place. Note in the entire literature A-6s are awarded with various epithets, but that this is a good plane you will hardly read somewhere. You have to pay for everything, the lightweight glider sometimes acquired irreversible deformations even with standard landing on the deck. Unfortunately, we are not destined to find out how much the Japanese lost these vehicles as a result of combat damage, but how much because of the banal flutter destruction. The complete absence of armor (on the bulk of the vehicles) of redundant, fire-fighting systems and means. "Zero" won while the Mikado fleet had the initiative. A-6s appeared suddenly and were usually outnumbered. To a large extent, these victories were provided by the qualifications of Japanese naval pilots, by the way, wonder how they were trained.
  11. arsone
    arsone 10 June 2015 13: 13
    -7
    This is Spartaaaaaa! angry
    1. Alf
      Alf 10 June 2015 17: 10
      +4
      Quote: arsone
      This is Spartaaaaaa!

      And, excuse me, is this what you are for?
  12. V.ic
    V.ic 10 June 2015 15: 14
    +5
    The main thing is that the Hans had no strains with engines and duralumin for the aircraft hulls. And their engineers were "not made with a finger." I read from one of the domestic authors 10 years ago that Messerschmitt had more engineers at the firm than in all the Soviet aviation design bureaus combined. Our enemy was very competent, well trained, with excellent aviation technology! All the more, one should appreciate the exploits of our aviators, who broke the beak of Goering's eagles!
    1. gladcu2
      gladcu2 10 June 2015 20: 56
      0
      They had problems with both engines and structures. Also, not everything was just in spite of the number of engineers.
      The USSR has always surpassed the chances of opportunities. And in science and development.
      There were just temporary difficulties.
      1. V.ic
        V.ic 11 June 2015 07: 58
        +1
        Quote: gladcu2
        There were just temporary difficulties.

        "Temporary" difficulties in the vastness of Russia have a clear tendency to turn into PERMANENT.
  13. gladcu2
    gladcu2 10 June 2015 21: 03
    +3
    The article is very good. With the analysis of technical details.
    Thank you.
  14. unknown
    unknown 11 June 2015 09: 51
    +1
    Pe-2 dive bomber
    Redesigned from the 100 experimental high-altitude fighter.
    The real bomb load is 600 kg.
    The real bomb load of the best bomber of the WWII U-88 - up to 3000 kg
    The speed of serial Pe-2s during the production process was constantly decreasing: from 540 km / h in pre-production to 482 km / h. That is, up to speed Yu-88.
    Therefore, in 1942, Myasischev had to carry out a major modernization, as a result of which the speed of serial cars could increase to 534 km / h
    The Germans based on the U-88 launched the U-188 and U-88S, which could reach speeds of 570 km / h and 635 km / h, respectively.
    The Yu-88 was also a dive bomber, although crews used this technique infrequently. As, however, and the Pe-2 crews.
    The effectiveness of Soviet bomber aircraft would be higher if they did not destroy the Ar-2. At a comparable speed (480-514 km / h), its real bomb load reached 1500 kg.
  15. gladcu2
    gladcu2 11 June 2015 16: 23
    +1
    About talking about the characteristics of the aircraft is not true based only on the maximum speed or altitude or engine power. It is most likely wise to talk about inertia. Those. complex component of mass, engine power, coefficient of air resistance, overload resistance. This is some kind of averaged factor.

    Well, for example. Sense in high speed if your plane at its peak is practically uncontrollable. How long can I keep a high speed without overheating?

    All these aircraft performance tables give absolutely approximate, and often speak of a false picture. They are misleading.
  16. Pazzini
    Pazzini 14 June 2015 00: 44
    0
    Thanks for the interesting article.