On the part of the Republic of Belarus, the agreement was signed by Director of the Directorate for the Construction of a Nuclear Power Plant Mikhail Filimonov, and on the part of Russia by the President of Atomstroyexport CJSC (general contractor) Alexander Glukhov, BelTA reported.
October 11 Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko made a statement that he agreed to sign a contract with the Russian Federation to build a nuclear power plant in Belarus. The statement was made at a meeting of Lukashenko with the governor of the Novgorod region Sergey Mitin. The head of the Republic of Bashkortostan noted that this decision was “worth a lot” for the Belarusian state. Alexander Lukashenko thanked the Russian political leadership for the fact that Moscow kept its word “despite the terrible pressure from all sides.” According to the leader of the Republic of Belarus, the Belarusian side has already begun work on the site, which is reserved for the construction of nuclear power plants.
According to the deputy of the State Duma of Russia, a member of the parliamentary group on relations with the parliament of Belarus, Vladimir Nikitin, the construction of the first Belarusian NPP will allow the republic to relieve “energy stress”. In addition, the signing of this agreement will strengthen the economic, and “maybe political cooperation” between Russia and Belarus. It is clear that the construction of a nuclear power plant "will have a huge positive impact on the economy of the fraternal republic," Belarus will receive significant investments, and they will come in an economically difficult time for the Belarusian state.
October 13, Deputy Minister of Energy of the Republic of Belarus Mikhail Mikhadyuk said that Russia will provide Minsk with a loan for the construction of the Belarusian NPP, which will provide up to 90% of the cost of work. According to the deputy minister, the Russian side has pledged to finance work on the construction of industrial infrastructure facilities, engineering networks and communications of the future nuclear power plant. And the Belarusian authorities should build housing for NPP employees at the expense of their own finances or other credit lines.
The Russian company Atomstroyexport will build the Belarusian NPP at the Ostrovetsky site in the Grodno region under the project NPP-2006 of St. Petersburg Atomenergoproekt JSC. Russian nuclear scientists will build two nuclear power units with a total capacity of 2400 MW with a B-491 reactor. The first unit of the Belarusian nuclear power plant should start work in the 2017 year, and the second - in the 2018 year. Currently, the Belarusian side is actively developing the site designated for NPPs, is building infrastructure; The first stage of the production base of the nuclear power plant has already been created
Negotiations on the construction of a nuclear power plant in Belarus have been going on for several years. Back in the spring of 2011, Vladimir Putin promised 6 billion to Minsk for the construction of the Belarusian nuclear power plant. According to the newspaper Kommersant, the Belarusian side is counting on 9,4 billion dollars, this amount should be enough to build not only the Belarusian NPP, but also the accompanying infrastructure - housing for workstations, access roads, etc. The Russian side plans to finance only construction of the station itself.
Earlier it was reported that the construction project of the first nuclear power plant in the Belarusian state was changed to reflect the outcome of the disaster at the Fukushima-1 nuclear power plant in Japan. This was told by the chief engineer of the state company “Directorate for the construction of nuclear power plants” Anatoly Bondar.
According to the nuclear engineer, the general designer of the Belarusian NPP Atomenergoproekt Research Institute analyzed the situation that occurred at the Japanese nuclear power plant after the explosions caused by the earthquake and tsunami 11 in March 2011. Bondar did not specify exactly what changes were made to the construction project of the Belarusian NPP. But he noted that the nuclear power plant project has an optimal balance of active and passive protection systems.