20 May RIA News reported that the plant "Severnaya Verf" (St. Petersburg) is forced to curtail the construction of new corvettes project 20385. According to Leonid Kuzmin, the marketing director, the reason for this decision was the problems with the delivery of a number of important components. The 20385 project uses some equipment that was planned to be purchased from foreign companies. Due to recent developments in the international arena, the supply of necessary products has stopped. At present, the construction of two 20385 corvettes is under construction at the Severnaya Verf. In view of the need to complete construction, the search for the necessary equipment of domestic production is conducted.
L. Kuzmin noted that the replacement of imported components will be unequal. In addition, there are some issues to be resolved. The result of this situation may be a reduction in the series. The management of Severnaya Verf believes that the “Thunder” and “Agile” corvettes under construction may be the last representatives of the series. They will be completed using the existing stock of imported components and domestic products, while the fate of the remaining ships of the order will be different.
According to reports, it was originally planned to build eight corvettes project 20385. Due to existing problems, the construction of such ships will be terminated. However, the fleet will not remain without new corvettes. It is alleged that new ships will be built on the project 20380. Such ships have a number of differences from the “Thundering” and “Agile”, the main difference being the use of only domestic components.
21 May RIA Novosti has published an interview with Oleg Shumakov, general director of the Yantar shipbuilding plant. From this material, some details of the current situation in military shipbuilding have become known, as well as the status of the 11356 project. Currently, the Yantar plant is building six frigates of the 11356 project in the interests of the Black Sea Fleet. For political reasons, this project also faced a shortage of necessary components.
According to O. Shumakov, the situation with frigates looks like this. The Yantar plant is completing work on the construction of the lead ship of the series. The frigate "Admiral Grigorovich" was put to the test. If the work does not face serious difficulties, then in August the ship will be handed over to the fleet. The second ship, the Admiral Essen, is currently undergoing mooring trials. It is planned to transfer it to the customer at the end of the year. "Admiral Makarov" under the plan should be transferred to the Navy in March next year, but its construction was faced with some problems related to the supply of equipment.
Frigates under construction, pr. 11356 (from left to right): "Admiral Butakov", "Admiral Makarov" and "Admiral Istomin". Photo Forums.airbase.ru, user oleg12226
The situation with the fourth, fifth and sixth ships of the series is much more complicated. Plant "Yantar" currently does not have the necessary set of units, primarily engines. For this reason, the construction of three frigates is likely to take longer. At the same time, O. Shumakov noted that the Ukrainian enterprise Zorya-Mashproekt had already built the necessary units for the fourth ship of the 11356 project, but for political reasons cannot transfer them to the customer.
To resolve the situation, the Yantar plant prepared a package of documents for filing a claim. The Ukrainian enterprise, in turn, notified the Russian partners of the impossibility of continuing the execution of the contract for reasons of force majeure. As a result, the contract for the supply of engines is not terminated, but its execution is still suspended indefinitely.
In connection with the current situation in the field of shipbuilding and the course of import substitution, some work is being carried out at domestic enterprises. According to the general director of Yantar, NPO Saturn, which has extensive experience in this field, can be engaged in the development of new gas-turbine engines for ships. However, it will take some time to create a project and set up production. The delay in the delivery of ships O. Shumakov estimated at about two years.
In the last days of May, problems with the construction of new ships were confirmed by Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin. He recalled that it was impossible to obtain ship engines produced at Ukrainian enterprises. At the same time, the Deputy Prime Minister noted that an import substitution program is currently being implemented, the goal of which is to master the production of all the necessary components at Russian enterprises. So, in the case of components made in Ukraine we are talking about 186 types of products that now have to be made independently.
Currently, within the framework of the current import substitution program, Russian enterprises are preparing to master the production of gas turbine power plants for ships. In accordance with current plans, production of such products will begin by the end of 2017, and in 18, the industry will switch to full-scale serial production of new engines.
3 June D. Rogozin clarified that problems with the supply of imported products relate only to some ships. Construction of the remaining equipment for the navy continues in accordance with the plans. The vice-premier primarily meant the frigates of the 11356 project. At the same time, as it is now known, political differences also hit the construction of the 20385 project corvettes.
It should be noted that some details of equipping ships under construction with Russian-made engines are already known. In early May, Valery Ryzhkov, chief designer of the Kolomna Plant, in an interview with the Flotprom portal, revealed some details of the upcoming import substitution. According to V. Ryzhkov, the enterprise is engaged in the adaptation of its developments for use on the 20385 project ships. Thus, the corvettes "Gremyashchy" and "Agile", as well as the ships of the 20380 project planned for construction, will receive domestic Kolomna-made engines.
Later it became known that Severnaya Verf ordered the Kolomna Plant eight main power plants of the 1DDA-12000 type. These products are built according to the CODAD scheme (diesel-diesel unit) and are equipped with two 16D49 engines with an 6 power in thousand hp. In addition, the installation includes reverse-gear transmission PPD-12000 and a number of other equipment. New ships of the 20385 and 20380 projects will receive two such installations.
The main power plants of Kolomna production will have to replace units ordered from the German company MTU. In connection with the introduction of sanctions against Russia, such an order became impossible. The way out of this situation was the order of domestic units.
There is information about the use of Kolomna products. Two sets of 1DDA-12000 will be installed on the 20385 “Rattling” and “Agile” corvettes (the serial numbers are 1005 and 1006, respectively). The remaining units will be used in the construction of the 20380 “Retivy” (No. 1007) and “Strict” (# 1008) project ships. The construction of all four corvettes is carried out by the Severnaya Verf plant. According to the plans, all the necessary units will be delivered in 2016-17. In the next year’s 3 quarter, the Kolomna Plant will hand over installations for the Gremyashchy ship, and in the 4 quarter, for the Retivo. In June, the 2017 of the year will be delivered engines for order number 1008, and the "agile" will have to wait for the power plant until September 17-th.
Power installation 1DDA-12000. Figure Bmpd.livejournal.com
Thus, the construction of ships of the project 20385 / 20380 noticeably delayed, but the fleet will still receive them. What the consequences of such a replacement of the main power plants will be is not yet known. It is possible that the use of new engines will affect the various characteristics of the corvettes. However, in this case, the Russian Navy will still receive new ships, even if with less high performance. An alternative in this situation is the complete halt of construction and, as a result, the absence of new ships in the fleet.
The situation with the lack of the necessary foreign engines for corvettes of 20385 and 20380 projects has been partially resolved, although it will take some time to produce our own power plants. The situation with power plants for the frigates of the project 11356 at the moment looks much more complicated. Domestic gas turbine engines for such ships will appear no earlier than 2017 of the year, which will lead to a noticeable shift in the terms of their delivery to the fleet. It should be noted that the construction of the fourth and fifth ships is carried out in accordance with the schedule. Thus, the new frigates, most likely, will have to stand idle for several years in the unfinished form.
The fourth frigate of the 11356 project, the Admiral Butakov, was laid on July 12 of the year 2013. By the end of last year, the construction of the hull and its equipment with various units and systems were completed. As far as can be judged from the available information, at the present time only the absence of a power plant hinders the continuation of construction. The supply of the necessary products of Ukrainian production is disrupted, because of which the approximate dates for the continuation of work and launching the ship into the water have not yet been determined.
The fifth ship of the series should be the Admiral Istomin, laid down on November 15 2013 of the year. The construction of the hull has already been completed and is being saturated. In April, information appeared about the suspension of work in the engine room. Installation of various units in the engine room can only begin after the problem with the main power plant is solved. To continue the work, it is necessary to know which units will be mounted in the engine room, to clarify their dimensions, etc. Thus, the construction of "Admiral Istomin" in the foreseeable future may stop due to problems with the engine room.
The sixth frigate project 11356 has not yet been laid. Nevertheless, the preparation for construction is already in full swing. In addition, the name of the ship “Admiral Kornilov” became public. Due to problems with the delivery of imported components, the customer, represented by the Ministry of Defense, decided to suspend the construction of the sixth ship of the series. Prepared units and structures are temporarily suspended due to the impossibility of starting construction.
From recent reports by enterprises, the Ministry of Defense and the press, it follows that the construction of two new types of ships, depending on the supply of foreign components, is likely to be suspended for some time. The problem with the engines for the ships of the 20385 and 20380 projects was partially solved by the power plants of Kolomna production. Now you need to deal with the problems of the frigates project 11356. In the context of the latter, only the possible delivery times of the required domestic production units are mentioned.
The situation in the military shipbuilding situation looks extremely bad. But it may look even worse in the light of offers from past years. Back in 2009, a program was launched to localize the production of ship power plants. The successful implementation of such a program allowed by the middle of the tenths to abandon the purchase of engines and other units of foreign production. However, the implementation of the plans was associated with a lot of problems. As a result, at the moment shipyards are still dependent on foreign suppliers, and the construction of some types of ships can stop completely for an indefinite period.
If all the updated plans can be implemented in a timely manner, the new ships of several types that will serve as part of the Northern, Black Sea, Baltic and Pacific fleets will be able to begin service only in 2017-18 years. Nevertheless, in such a sad situation you can find positive moments. First, the Russian Navy, albeit with a delay, will receive new ships. The second advantage of the situation is that it is an excellent incentive for the industry. To fulfill all existing orders, Russian enterprises will have to catch up and master the production of the necessary power plants. Thus, there is still a reason for optimism, but the results of the current situation will become known only in a few years.
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