In the 2013 – 2014, Russia's position on the international arms market has been significantly strengthened. Both the financial volume of signed contracts and the order book as a whole increased. Sanctions by Western countries did not have a significant impact on the volume of exports of weapons and military equipment. It is expected that the supply plan for weapons and military equipment for the 2015 year will be fulfilled at the level of the previous one.
Speaking last April at a meeting of the commission on military-technical cooperation, President Vladimir Putin reported that exports of Russian goods and services from the BTC in the 2013 year exceeded 15,7 billion dollars (an increase of three percent compared to 2012). As the head of state noted, at that time the United States accounted for 29 percent of the international arms market, for Russia — 27, for Germany — 7, for the People’s Republic of China (PRC) —6, for France — 5. The total financial performance of long-term contracts signed in 2013 was 18 billion dollars, and the total portfolio of orders exceeded 49 billions. Companies of the Russian military-industrial complex took part in 24 international exhibitions. Domestic weapons and military equipment was supplied to 65 countries, while agreements on military-technical cooperation with 89 states were concluded and implemented. As traditional partners of Russia in the international arms market, Vladimir Putin mentioned the CIS countries, the states parties to the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), India, Venezuela, Algeria, China, and Vietnam.
“In 2013 – 2014, the actual volume of deliveries of Russian weapons and military equipment according to SIPRI data reached 14,409 billion dollars”
In 2014, the volume of supplies of weapons and military equipment abroad changed slightly and exceeded 15 billion dollars, the president said at a meeting of the commission on military-technical cooperation in January, 2015. The total amount of new contracts was about 14 billion dollars. Putin drew attention to the fact that in 2014, Russia systematically mastered new weapon markets, in particular in the Latin America and Southeast Asia regions. According to the head of state, the domestic presence in the promising markets of the countries of the Asia-Pacific Region (APR), Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean will expand. In 2014, Russia paid considerable attention to establishing new forms of interaction with customers, including the development of a co-production of weapons and military equipment.
The Stockholm Peace Research Institute (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute - SIPRI) has published data on the actual supply of Russian weapons abroad in the 2013 and 2014 years. According to the Institute, they amounted to 8,462 billion and 5,971 billion dollars, respectively.
When working with SIPRI data, it is necessary to take into account a number of features of their compilation. These figures reflect the financial value of the directly transferred equipment and, therefore, it is impossible to determine annual sales volumes of weapons based solely on them. The base of the main unit of measurement is the US dollar in 1990 prices of the year. Certain amendments are made to his course. The unit obtained has the designation TIV (Trend Indicator Value). Therefore, data from SIPRI and other sources may differ slightly.
The calculations take into account four types of deliveries of weapons and military equipment:
the transfer of new weapons and military equipment (the cost of each type of weapon is estimated in units of TIV, after which the total value of the lot is determined);
transfer of previously used IWT, including warehousing (in this case, SIPRI experts determine the cost of a new sample in TIV units, then the coefficient of the used equipment is calculated using a coefficient, then the cost of the entire batch is determined, as a rule, according to experts SIPRI, the price of such equipment is 40 percent of the cost of a new one);
the transfer of the main components of weapons and military equipment (in this case, the cost of delivery is calculated similarly to the first item);
organization of licensed production (under the SIPRI definition, it means activities when a manufacturer is given permission to manufacture conventional weapons from vehicle sets or using documentation, in this case the cost of each sample produced under a license is converted into TIV units, then multiplied by the production volumes).
It is important to note that statistics on the shares of states on the international arms market are not calculated by SIPRI on the basis of actual deliveries, but taking into account the contracts concluded.
SIPRI statistics do not take into account the delivery of small arms weapons and spare parts. Italic numbers are numbers that may differ from other sources.
Despite the above limitations, SIPRI continues to be one of the most authoritative institutions, especially in the field of determining the volume of actual deliveries of weapons and military equipment.
In 2013, Russia continued to rank second in the international arms market, second only to the United States in terms of sales. At the same time, the gap between the two countries in the 2009 – 2013 years was significantly reduced. In 2004 – 2008, the United States occupied 30 percent of the international arms market, and Russia - 24 percent. In 2009 – 2013, this gap was only two percent: the US share in the market fell to 29 percent, and the Russian one rose to 27.
The Top 10 of the world's largest IWT suppliers in 2013 included the USA (29% of the market), Russia (27%), Germany (7%), PRC (6%), France (5%), United Kingdom (4%), Spain (3%), Ukraine (3%), Italy (3%), Israel (2%). Compared to 2004 – 2008 over the years, the largest increase was observed in the PRC (+ 4%) and in Russia (+ 3%). Negative dynamics was recorded in France (-4%), Germany (-3%), USA (-1%).
India remained the largest partner of Russia in the field of military-technical cooperation in 2013, which accounted for 38 percent of domestic arms and military equipment exports. The second place was taken by the People's Republic of China (12%), and the third - by Algeria (11%). During this period, Russia accounted for seven percent of imports of Ukrainian defense products.
The share of the world's two largest arms suppliers, the United States and Russia, in 2013 in the year totaled 56 per cent of total global arms exports. The remaining eight states accounted for 33 percent. The countries from the top 10 suppliers in the amount occupied 89 percent of the world arms market.
In the list of the largest importers of weapons and military equipment, the leading role in 2013 was played by India. The share of its imports of weapons and military equipment has doubled compared with the 2004 – 2008 period from 7 to 14 percent. At the same time, Russia remained the largest supplier of weapons to this country (75% of the total volume of arms imports by India).
By contrast, the share of China's arms and military equipment imports declined significantly compared with 2004 – 2008 over the years - from 11 to 5 percent, while, as in the case of India, the bulk of imports of defense products (64%) fell on Russia. These indicators suggest that China is increasingly relying on its own MIC in meeting the needs of the national armed forces (PLA).
Pakistan ranked third in the list of the largest importers of armaments, whose import share rose from two percent in 2004 – 2008 to five percent in 2013. China became the main supplier of weapons and military equipment to this country (54% of Pakistan’s arms imports).
The fourth place in the list of the world's largest arms importers in 2013 was taken by the United Arab Emirates with a four percent indicator. Russia has become the second largest exporter of weapons and military equipment to this country (12% of imports). Saudi Arabia was in fifth place (4%), in the sixth place was the United States (4%), in the seventh place was Australia (4%), and in the eighth place was the Republic of Korea (4%). Top-10 of the largest importers of weapons in 2013-Singapore Singapore (3%) and Algeria (3%) closed up. It is noteworthy that the overwhelming amount of armaments and military equipment was supplied to Algeria by Russia (91% of the volume of imports by the North African IWT country).
The largest increase in arms imports in 2013 was recorded mainly in the countries from Top 10. Its significant decrease was observed only in China (-6%), UAE (-2%), Republic of Korea (-2%). Probably, the reduction of the share of these states in the international structure of arms imports speaks about intensifying the efforts of the national defense industry and replacing a number of imported samples with analogues of its own production.
It is noteworthy that Ukraine became one of the main suppliers of weapons and military equipment in China in 2013 (12% of Chinese defense imports). This is probably due to the significant volume of deliveries of armaments for samples that were developed in the Soviet era.
In general, China and India account for 19 percent of the global volume of imports of weapons and military equipment. The share of the first five states from the Top 10 importers of weapons and military equipment in 2013 was 32 percent. In total, countries from this list provided 50 percent of world arms imports.
In 2014, the situation on the international market has changed. The share of the United States increased to 31 percent, while Russia remained at the same level. Thus, the gap between the leaders of the world arms market slightly deepened. The most important change was a sharp increase in the share of China, which brought him to third place in the list with a five percent figure. Germany began to lag slightly behind the PRC and moved into fourth place. Volumes of Ukrainian arms exports have become somewhat inferior to Italian. Nevertheless, Ukraine remained in the top ten of the world's largest exporters, taking the ninth line of the Top-10.
According to SIPRI, there were no significant changes in the structure of Russian arms exports in 2014. The share of India increased insignificantly (to 39%), while the PRC reduced volumes to 11 percent. The scale of deliveries to Algeria has fallen quite seriously - from 11 to 8 percent.
SIPRI experts estimated the volume of import of Ukrainian defense products to Russia in 10 percent of this country's total exports in 2014 year. China is still the main buyer of defense products made in Ukraine.
From 2013 to 2014, the share of India in the structure of Israel’s defense exports increased significantly from 33 to 46 percent. Thus, Israel is gradually becoming a serious competitor of Russia in the Indian arms market.
The list of major importers of weapons in 2014 year compared with 2013-m major changes are not observed. India still ranks first in the Top-10 countries, its share in the structure of arms imports in the 2014 year increased slightly and reached 15 percent, while the largest supplier remains Russia. One of the most important changes in the list of importers is moving the PRC from the second position to the Top-10 to the third. It is assumed that this is due to the success that China has achieved in implementing the program to equip national production of PLA IWT. Sharply increased defense imports of the UAE, moving to fourth place and pushing Pakistan to fifth. Algeria was excluded from the Top-10, instead Turkey ranked seventh in the ranking. Compared to 2013, the Republic of Korea has moved from eighth to ninth position, which also reflects the success achieved in the development of the national defense industry. In general, the share indicators of the former participants of Top-10 importers of weapons practically did not change.
The data for 2013 – 2014 show that, as before, Russia continues to occupy more than a quarter of the world arms market, occasionally approaching a figure of one third. The share of the two largest participants in this market - the USA and Russia - increased in 2014 from 56 to 58 percent. It is not known whether the gap in US arms exports between Russia and Russia will continue in 2015. According to experts, it will most likely not increase and will at least remain at the same level.
According to SIPRI, the total actual supply in 2013 can be considered a record stories modern Russia - it has reached 8,462 billion dollars. Large volumes were recorded only in 2011, when the financial value of the actually supplied weapons amounted to 8,556 billion dollars.
The Russian figures for the export of weapons for 2013 a year significantly exceed those of the United States, which for a specified period reached 7,384 billion dollars. Moreover, the Russian record 2013 of the USA has surpassed since 2000 only three times - in 2001-m (9,111 billion dollars), 2012-m (9,012 billion dollars), 2014-m (10,194 billion dollars).
The largest category of deliveries of Russian weapons in 2013 was aviation machinery ($ 2,906 billion). Then there are warships ($ 1,945 billion), missiles for various purposes ($ 1,257 billion), air defense equipment ($ 1,151 billion), engines for various purposes ($ 0,515 billion), armored combat vehicles ($ 0,496 billion). ), sensors ($ 0,095 billion), artillery systems ($ 0,073 billion), naval weapons ($ 0,025 billion).
The largest importer of domestic weapons in the 2013 year, as in previous periods, remained India with the 3,742 index of a billion dollars. China is in second place (1,133 billion dollars), and Venezuela has taken the third place last year (1,041 billion dollars). This is followed by Vietnam (0,439 billion dollars), Syria (0,351 billion dollars), Indonesia (0,351 billion dollars), Algeria (0,323 billion dollars), Azerbaijan (0,316 billion dollars), UAE (0,09 billion dollars), Afghanistan (0,081 billion dollars), Belarus (0,075 billion dollars), Sudan (0,071 billion dollars), Myanmar (0,06 billion dollars), Kazakhstan (0,054 billion dollars), Iraq (0,051 billion dollars), Bangladesh ( 0,05 billion dollars), Libya (0,046 billion dollars), Pakistan (0,033 billion dollars), Egypt (0,027 billion dollars), Iran (0,022 billion dollars), Uganda (0,020 billion dollars), Armenia (0,016 billion dollars), Turkmenistan (0,013 billion dollars), Malaysia (0,012 billion dollars), Congo (0,007 billion dollars, SIPRI does not indicate whether deliveries were made to the Republic of the Congo or the Democratic Republic of the Congo).
In 2014, the volume of actual foreign supplies of Russian weapons fell to 5,946 billion. Both the structure of supplies and the list of importers of Russian weapons and military equipment have changed quite seriously.
Last year, aviation equipment was delivered most of all abroad - for the amount of 2,874 billion dollars. Then come armored combat vehicles (0,682 billion dollars), missiles for various purposes (0,675 billion dollars), warships (0,66 billion dollars), engines (0,52 billion dollars), air defense systems (0,341 billion dollars), sensors ( 0,11 billion dollars), naval armament (0,047 billion dollars), artillery systems (0,038 billion dollars).
Compared to 2013 in the year, significant changes have occurred in the structure of exports of weapons and military equipment by type of equipment. In particular, the volume of actual deliveries of air defense systems and warships was reduced three times. Artillery systems exported less than twice, of various missiles - almost twice. At the same time, the volume of supplies of armored vehicles and naval armaments increased by the same amount. Slightly increased exports of sensors and engines. Volumes of supply of aviation equipment decreased insignificantly.
Significant changes occurred in 2014 year and in the export geography of Russian weapons and military equipment. The first place in this list, as in 2013, was occupied by India. However, the financial value of the equipment transferred to this country was reduced to 2,146 billion dollars. Vietnam ranked second with 0,949 billion dollars, while China moved into third place (0,909 billion dollars). Then come Azerbaijan (0,604 billion dollars), Iraq (0,317 billion dollars), Afghanistan (0,203 billion dollars), Algeria (0,173 billion dollars), Venezuela (0,079 billion dollars), Sudan (0,071 billion dollars), Belarus (0,06 billion dollars), Nigeria (0,058 billion dollars), Indonesia (0,056 billion dollars), Peru (0,054 billion dollars), Kazakhstan (0,042 billion dollars), Myanmar (0,04 billion dollars), Brazil ( 0,035 billion dollars), Egypt (0,025 billion dollars), Turkmenistan (0,017 billion dollars), Cameroon (0,014 billion dollars), Nepal (0,014 billion dollars), Rwanda (0,014 billion dollars), Bangladesh (0,009 billion dollars), Congo (0,007 billion dollars, SIPRI again does not indicate, deliveries were made Congo or Democratic Republic of Congo), Hungary (0,007 billion dollars), Iran (0,004 billion dollars).
In general, in the 2013 – 2014 years, the volume of actual deliveries of Russian weapons and military equipment according to SIPRI data reached the 14,409 index of billion dollars. The financial value of the supply of the United States for this period exceeded these figures and amounted to 17,578 billion dollars. China, which ranks third in the list of the world's largest suppliers of weapons with 3,151 billion dollars, significantly lags behind Russia.
In 2013 – 2014, aviation technology — 5,780 billion dollars — became the largest export category for military aircraft. The second line is occupied by warships (2,605 billion dollars), the third - various missile weapons (1,932 billion dollars). Then come the air defense assets (1,492 billion dollars), BBM (1,156 billion dollars), various engines (1,034 billion dollars), sensors (0,204 million dollars), artillery systems (0,11 billion dollars), naval weapons (0,072 billion Doll.).
In the same period, India became the largest country importing Russian weapons and military equipment. The financial volume of actual deliveries for New Delhi was 5,887 billion dollars. The second place is occupied by China (2,042 billion dollars), and the third - Vietnam (1,433 billion dollars). The top five importers are closed by Venezuela (1,119 billion dollars) and Azerbaijan (0,92 billion dollars). Top-10 also includes Algeria (0,496 billion dollars), Indonesia (0,406 billion dollars), Iraq (0,368 billion dollars), Syria (0,351 billion dollars), Afghanistan (0,284 billion dollars). The list of importers includes other states, in particular Sudan (0,143 billion dollars), Belarus (0,135 billion dollars), Myanmar (0,099 billion dollars), Kazakhstan (0,095 billion dollars), the United Arab Emirates (0,09 billion dollars), Bangladesh (0,059 billion dollars), Nigeria (0,058 billion dollars), Peru (0,054 billion dollars), Egypt (0,052 billion dollars), Libya (0,046 billion dollars), Ghana (0,041 billion dollars), Brazil ( 0,035 billion dollars), Pakistan (0,033 billion dollars), Turkmenistan (0,03 billion dollars), Iran (0,026 billion dollars), Uganda (0,02 billion dollars), Armenia (0,016 billion dollars), Cameroon (0,014 billion dollars), Congo (0,014 billion dollars), Nepal (0,014 billion dollars), Rwanda (0,014 billion dollars), Malay Oia (0,012 billion dollars.), Hungary (0,007 billion dollars.).
Russia's largest contracts
One of the largest agreements for the supply of helicopters in the history of modern Russia was the sale of X-NUMX helicopters Mi-63B-17 to Afghanistan. The execution of the contract ended in 5. In 2014 – 2013, Afghanistan received 2014 rotary-wing machines. The acquisition of helicopters was carried out with the participation of the United States, and the ground forces of the American army became the customers of Russian helicopters.
During this period, Algeria remained one of Russia's largest partners in the field of military-technical cooperation. The North African country pays a lot of attention to strengthening the army air defense. To this end, as noted by SIPRI, 38 anti-aircraft missile-cannon complexes (ZRPK) “Armor-С1” and 750 anti-aircraft guided missiles (ZUR) 9Х311 (SA-19) were purchased. Algeria has also purchased significant volumes of Russian anti-tank and sea missile, in particular 500 anti-tank guided missiles (ATGM) 9M131M "Metis-M» (AT-13), the exact number of launchers (PU) for ATGM unknown, 20 ASW torpedo TEST-71 for the 1159, 30 frigates of the X-35 Uranus anti-ship missiles (anti-ship missiles) (SS-N-25) for the 1234 corvettes. In 2013, the North African country purchased 48 units of Russian helicopter technology: the 42 shock drums of the Mi-28НЭ “Night Hunter” and six military vehicles of the Mi-26Т2.
It is assumed that the Mi-26T2 will be transferred to the customer in 2015-2016. SIPRI experts do not report the transfer of Mi-28NE. Helicopters are delivered on the basis of an agreement on the sale of air defense to Algeria with a total value of $ 2,7 billion. By 2013, the North African country received a batch of 120 major combat tanks (MBT) T-90S with a total value of 0,47 billion dollars. It is assumed that by 2018 the delivery to Algeria of two diesel-electric submarines (DEPLs) of project 636 (code “Varshavyanka”) will be completed, the conclusion of a contract for the supply of which was announced in 2014.
A major agreement for the supply of weapons and military equipment worth a billion dollars was signed with Angola. The African country will receive the Mi-8 / 17 and 12 family of previously used Indian Su-30K fighters, which will be upgraded in Belarus before being handed over to the customer. Delivery of equipment is scheduled for 2015 year.
2013 missile systems for man-portable Igla-S (SA-200) anti-aircraft missile systems (MANPADS) were allegedly delivered to Armenia in 24. More detailed terms of the agreement are not provided by SIPRI experts.
One of Russia's largest partners in the military-technical cooperation field in 2013 – 2014 was Azerbaijan, which ordered a large batch of equipment for the ground forces. In the 2014-m completed the delivery of this country 18 152-mm self-propelled artillery units (SAU) 2S19 "MSTA-C», 18 ACS 2S31 «Vienna», 18 self-propelled multiple rocket launchers (MRL) 9A52 "Tornado», 100 modernized military vehicles infantry (BMP) BMP-3 and 1000 ATGM 9М117 (AT-10) "Bastion" for them. Azerbaijan also ordered an 100 OBT T-90C, of which at the time of the end of 2014, 80 units were transferred. The country will also receive 18 heavy flamethrowing systems (TOC) TOC-1, of which by the end of last year 14 units were delivered. In 2014, two Buk-М1 anti-aircraft missile complexes (ZRK) were transferred to Azerbaijan. to them. Earlier, in 100, the country was supplied 9 PU Igla-S MANPADS and 317 missiles to them. Azerbaijan is a major importer of Russian helicopter technology. In 17, he received 100 shock Mi-9Ms worth 38 million dollars and 11 military transport helicopters of the Mi-2013 / 200 family (by the end of 1000, 2014 helicopters were delivered).
According to SIPRI, in 2014, a contract was signed for the supply of 100 to Bahrain with upgraded ATGM 9М133 (AT-14) "Cornet-E".
Bangladesh received an 2013 ATGM 1200М9 (AT-131) Metis-M in 13. In the same year, an agreement was signed on the supply of five Mi-171Sh helicopters, which are expected to be handed over to the customer in 2015. By 2016, Bangladesh will receive the YN-16 130 Combat Training Aircraft (UBS). Also 2014 of the armored personnel carriers BTR-100 was transferred to this country in 80.
In 2013, Belarus received four Tor-M1 SAMs and 100 SAM 9М338 for them. In 2014, 150 48H6 (SA-10D) 300 SAM systems (SA-1PM-20 (SA-2015A)) were transferred to this country for 130Н300 (SA-1D). SIPRI experts believe that in the year 12 Belarus will receive four Yak-8 UBS, four S-17PMU-XNUMX URS, XNUMX Mi-XNUMX / XNUMX helicopters.
In 2014, Brazil’s supply of X-NUMX combat helicopters Mi-12M was completed, where they received the local designation AH-35 “Saber” (Saber). Currently, negotiations are underway to transfer the Pantsir-С2 18 ЗРПК to this country. SIPRI experts also report that at the end of 1, Brazil made a decision on the purchase of 2014 missiles for Igla-S MANPADS (the number of MPs was not specified).
Cameroon in 2014-m received two Russian helicopters of the Mi-8 / 17 family.
China, the second largest importer of Russian weapons, is acquiring, like India, not only ready-made weapons, but also licenses for their production (or makes unlicensed copies). In particular, according to SIPRI, the People's Republic of China in 2001 – 2014 licensedly produced X-31 cruise missiles and their modifications under the designations KR-1, YJ-9 and YJ-91 to equip Su-30, J-8M, JH-7 fighters . In total, China received 910 missiles of Russian and local assembly. Prior to 2013, the PRC also led the licensed production of the Svir 9М119 ATGM (AT-11) for launching millimeters of the main battle tanks (MBT) Type 125 and Tip 98 from the bore of the barrel of the 99 caliber gun. A total of 1300 missiles were delivered. China also partially imported, and partly produced, under license, anti-aircraft artillery systems (ZAK) of the near-line defense line AK-630 in the amount of 104 units (105 was ordered). ZAK are designed to equip two Type-54 frigates (Jiankai-1 / Jiangkai-1 class), more than 80 high-speed Tip-022 assault ships (Hubei / Houbei class), four Type-071 amphibious assault ships "(Class" Yuzhao "/ Yuzhao), four amphibious ships of the class" Bison "(for the supply of two ships was issued Ukrainian-Chinese contract, these two ships Kiev managed to put before the political crisis in this country, two more ships were decorated as option and negotiations are underway with China on the possibility of its implementation). In 2008 – 2014, the PRC partially purchased, partially produced independently 18 marine search radar “Mineral” (2004 was ordered in 20) for 20 frigates “Tip-054А” (class “Jiankai-2”). Probably, experts SIPRI believe, the production was conducted without a license. Another seven similar radars to equip the destroyers Type-052C (class Luyan-2 / Luyang-2) and Type-052D (class Luian-3) were ordered in 2008 year. At the time of the end of the 2014, it was probably without a license that the 3 radar was produced. China also carries out 30 licensed production of 76 caliber millimeters AK-176 naval artillery mounts for Type-056 frigates (Jiangdao class). At the end of 2014, 18 units AK-176 were released.
China buys from Russia and ready weapons. By the end of the 2014, the 18 AK-176 (of the 20 ordered) was supplied to equip the Type-20A frigates with 054. For installation on these ships (as well as for the aircraft carrier Liaoning / Lioaning), China also ordered an 21 radar scan of the Fregat airspace, of which by the end of the 2014 of the year was transferred to the customer 19 units. Probably, the production of this equipment was partially carried out in the territory of the PRC without a license. For use with anti-aircraft missile systems (SAM) HHQ-16 on the frigates Type-054A purchased 80 units of the radar fire control system (FCS) MP-90, of which the 2014 was supplied 72 units. As in the case of other radars, a part of the MR-90 may have been produced in the territory of the PRC without a corresponding license. The Chinese landing ships of the Zubr class are supposed to equip the radar of the OMS MP-123. Four units were purchased in 2009, two of which were delivered to the customer by the end of 2014.
China is one of the largest importers of Russian aircraft engines. By 2014 year the country was put 123 turbofan engine (turbofan) with bottom location of units of AL-31FN cost 0,5 billion dollars to equip the fighters "Jian-10» (J-10), 40 AL-31F for fighters, "Jian-15» (J-15), 104 D-30 for H-6 Xian bombers (Xian), BTC Y-20 and upgrading BTC Il-76. In 2013, the PRC received 5 of previously used MTC IL-76M.
By the year 2014, Russia supplied 175 X-59MK anti-ship missiles (ASM) (AS-18MK) to China, or X-59MX2 versions of them to equip Su-30 fighters.
Beijing continues to buy Russian helicopters in fairly large volumes. In 2014, the delivery of X-NUMX Mi-55E helicopters worth 171 billion dollars to China was completed. SIPRI also mentions 0,66 Mi-52E supplies, probably for police and other non-military government organizations in 171. Institute experts also mention China’s choice of C-2014 anti-aircraft missile systems (ZRS) and Su-400 fighter jets, but they do not provide accurate information on relevant agreements.
Russia continues to pursue a policy of active military-technical cooperation with African countries. In the 2014, the Congo (SIPRI does not indicate to which republic with the same name the supplies were made) was transferred to 2 military transport helicopters Mi-171, equipped with weapons. 2013 Mi-14В-17 worth 5 billion dollars was supplied to Egypt in 0,1, 1 Buk-М2 SAM (SA-17, may have been upgraded by Buk-1М-2). Information about the status of the agreement for the supply of Egypt ZRS C-300ВМ and ЗРС 9М83М (SA-23M) SIPRI does not lead, estimating the value of the contract in 0,5 billion dollars. In 2013, the 6 Mi-171Sh helicopters with weapons worth 88 million euros were delivered to Ghana. This African country has also decided to purchase two more helicopters of the Mi-8 / 17 family, but the order status is currently unknown.
India remains the largest military-technical partner of Russia, which produces a large number of weapons and military equipment under license. By 2014, the Indian armed forces received the 25 000 ATGM 9М113 “Competition”, produced from the 1992-th (with the 2003-th, production of the upgraded version of the rocket - 9М113М) was carried out to equip the BMP-2. For the three Project-15A destroyers (Kolkata / Kolkata class), the three Project-16А frigates (Brahmaputra / Brahmaputra class), and the three Project-17 frigates (Shivalik / Shivalik class) were ordered nine radar air scanning "Harpoon" (the Indian designation "Aparna» / Aparna). Production was carried out with the participation of India. At the end of 2014, seven radars were delivered. They are designed for use with X-35 cruise missiles. For the three Project-15A destroyers and the four Project-28 frigates (Kamort class / Kamorta), 14 anti-submarine jet bombers of RBU-6000 were ordered, of which four were delivered to the customer by the end of 2014. The production of this weaponry was also partially carried out in Indian territory.
In 2006 – 2014, India, according to SIPRI, received X-NUMX anti-ship missiles BrahMos (BrahMos) and 75 ground-to-ground BrahMos missiles, and a total of 315 ordered such missiles (550 in the anti-ship missile and 150 versions to destroy ground targets). Production of this weapon is conducted at the joint Russian-Indian enterprise. New Delhi also intended to order 400 adapted BrahMos anti-ship missiles to equip Su-216 fighters.
According to SIPRI, India has contracted Su-140MKI Su-30KI total cost 3 – 5,4 billion dollar bills from licensed production, of which 2014 machines were assembled and delivered to the customer by the end of 109. Experts of the institute mention one more party in the 42 fighter worth 1,6 billion dollars, which are also produced in India. From it, 2014 machines were transferred to the customer by 5 year. According to the president of Irkut Corporation Oleg Demchenko, the final delivery of property for the assembly of aircraft will take place in 2015, while the lot size is small - only about 80 million dollars. Aircraft kits for the assembly of fighters have already been delivered to the customer. SIPRI believes that the licensed production of the Su-30MKI will be fully completed in the 2019 year. By the beginning of the 2015-th Indian Air Force, the 150 Su-30MKI was supplied (from 1996 onwards).
To equip training aircraft (TCB) HJT-36, India intended to order 250 units of the AL-55 turbofan engines with partial localization of production. Order status experts SIPRI does not comment.
India carries out licensed production of Russian MBT T-90С. In 2013 – 2014, 205 machines were assembled (by the end of 2013, Indian aircraft received 780 from 1657 T-90, which were planned to be delivered. Licensed production of this equipment is carried out from 2003.). For these tanks and for the T-72, the 25 000 ATVUR Invar worth 0,474 a billion dollars was ordered (of which 15 000 units were planned to be assembled in India). The status of the order to the experts of the Institute is unknown. With the help of Russia, India is also upgrading its MiG-62 29 to the level of MiG-29UPG, which is expected to be completed by the 2016 year.
In 2013, with the participation of India, 300 diesel engines YMZ-338 were produced to equip the Casspir-6 (Casspir-6) armored personnel carriers purchased from the Republic of South Africa (South Africa).
SIPRI reports that India has decided to procure the 363 BMP-2, but it says there is no signed contract at the time of the end of the 2014 year.
“The largest model was transferred to India in the 2013-m aircraft carrier Vikramaditya, the cost of which, according to SIPRI, 2,3 billion dollars”
A considerable quantity of military-purpose products collected in Russia was also delivered to India. The largest model was transferred to India in the 2013-m aircraft carrier "Vikramaditya", the cost of which, according to SIPRI, - 2,3 billion dollars. For the three Project-15A destroyers and the Project-28 frigates, 2014 ZAK AK-4 from 630 ordered was delivered to 20 in the year. In 2013, three Talwar class frigates were handed over, worth 1,2 – 1,9 billion dollars, as well as 300 SAM 9М311 (SA-19) and 100 SAM 9М317 (SA-17) to them. By 2014, India received 16 ZAK AK-630 to equip four coastal patrol ships of the Saryu class and two support ships of the Deepak class, a large batch of Russian 85 helicopter units: 80 Mi-17B- 5 worth 1,3 billion dollars (including offset programs worth 0,504 million dollars) and five electronic warfare helicopters (EW) Ka-31 worth 0,198 billion dollars. In addition, by the beginning of the 2015, 33 of the MiG-29K / KUB fighter from 45 ordered vehicles had arrived in the country.
According to the institute, in the 2013 – 2014 years, India acquired a large batch of Russian-made aviation weapons of destruction (TSA). In particular, in 2013, 500 air-to-air missiles RVV-AE (AA-12) worth 0,463 billion dollars were transferred to 2014, and 100 controlled bombs (UAB) KAB-500 / 1500 were transferred to 1996-m. Starting in 3770, India received X-NUMX P-73 (AA-11) air-to-air missiles from 4000 ordered. 10 000 ATGM 9М113 “Competition” worth 0,225 billion dollars is also delivered to this country. At the end of 2014, 4000 units of this weapon were transferred to the customer.
In 2013 – 2014, India received Russian-made aircraft engines. In particular, 100 was transferred from 800 ordered TRDD AL-31, intended for upgrading Su-30KI.
According to SIPRI, before 2015, India should receive 68 Mi-17В-5 helicopters worth 1,3 billion dollars, of which half was transferred to the customer by the end of 2014.
The Asian country, according to the institute, has decided to purchase, in addition to the previously purchased three long-range radar detection and control aircraft (DRLO and U) A-50EI with Israeli-made Falcon radar equipment (Phalcon) of two new production of this type in Israel. But by the end of 2014, a firm contract for this aircraft was not signed. The same story, according to SIPRI, with 2014's decision to acquire 100 CRP X-35, made in XNUMX.
In 2013 – 2014, Indonesia purchased a significant amount of Russian military equipment. In particular, 2013 delivered air-to-air missiles RVV-AE and 60 Su-6MK30 fighters worth 2 billion dollars in 0,47. For rocket boats KCR-40 ordered 24 ZAK AK-630 and by 2014, the 2 units were transferred. In 2014 Indonesia, the 37 BMP-3F was delivered to the Marine Corps.
Iran is a major licensed manufacturer of Russian anti-tank weapons. At the end of the year 2014 the national armed forces were 4950 9M111 ATGM "Fagot» (AT-4) for BMP-2 and BMP «Borak» (Boraq), 4450 upgraded 9M14M ATGM "Baby» (AT-3, the Iranian designation of RAAD and I- RAAD), 2800 ATGM 9М113 "Competition" (Iranian designation - "Tousan-1" / Towsan-1). At the same time, Iran imported and Russian weapons. In particular, 2 radar was delivered to this country to detect air targets of the "Caste-2" in the 2013.
In the Middle East, Iraq was one of the largest customers of Russian weapons and military equipment in 2013 – 2014. During this period, the country was transferred to 8 anti-aircraft missile-cannon complexes (ZRPK) "Pantsir-S 1" (48 ordered), 100 missiles for Igla-S MANPADS (500 ordered), 3 attack helicopters Mi-28HE (15 order) 750 ATGM 9M114 (AT-6) “Storm” for Mi-35M and Mi-28HE (2000 ordered), 200 SAMs 9М311 for ZRPK “Pantsir-C1” (1200 ordered), I think, I, I, I think, I, I think, I, I, I, I think, I think, I would say, I would like to do it. 12 ATGM "Cornet-E" (35 ordered), 28 helicopters of the Mi-300 / 300 family (2 ordered), 8 attack aircraft Su-17 (2 ordered), 5 heavy flame-thrower "Suntsep" (25 ordered).
Kazakhstan for 2014 year built under license three large patrol boats of the project 22180 (Kazakhstan designation "Sardar"). At the same time in 2013-2014 years was delivered and weapons of Russian production: 10 tank support combat vehicle (BMPT, 2013-th), 120 ATGM 9M120 "Attack" to equip the BMPT (2013-th), 20 MANPADS "Igla-1» (2013 –2014-th), 8 Mi-171Sh helicopters (2013 – 2014-th). According to SIPRI, two minesweepers of the 2015 project will be delivered in 10750.
Libya in 2013 received 10 self-propelled anti-tank missile systems (SPTRK) 9P157-2 "Chrysanthemum" and 500 ATGM 9М123 (AT-15) for them. Subsequently, this technique was used during the civil war in the country, its real fate is unknown.
Malaysia in 2013 was transferred 35 air-to-air missiles RVV-AE to equip fighters.
Myanmar in the specified period passed the Russian aircraft and air defense equipment. In particular, by the end of 2014, 2000 SAM “Needle-1” (part of the missiles used in the Myanmar MADV production complex), 10 Mi-24P combat helicopters (or Mi-35P), 14 MiG-29 fighters (including 4 MiG -29UB). In 2013, Myanmar transferred 12 Mi-2 helicopters.
According to SIPRI, an agreement was reached with Namibia in 2014 for the supply of Kornet-E ATGMs. Experts of the institute do not name exact volumes of potential supply.
Nepal in 2014 was transferred to 2 helicopter Mi-17В-5.
In 2014, Nigeria received a batch of Russian helicopters, in particular 5 Mi-35М (9 ordered). The African country last year also ordered X-NUMX military transport helicopters Mi-12Sh, equipped with weapons.
Pakistan in 2013 – 2014 received 85 TRD RD-93 from 200 ordered aircraft engines.
Under the “Project Salkantay”, Peru will receive an 24 Mi-171Sh helicopter equipped with weapons. By the end of 2014, 8 machines were transferred. In the execution of the project, it is planned to build an assembly of 8 helicopters in Peru. Its cost is estimated at 0,406 – 0,54 billion dollars (including 89 million dollars for the organization of production and 180 million dollars of offset obligations). Completion of the project is scheduled for 2015 year.
Rwanda received a Mi-2014В helicopter in 2-m 17. They will be deployed as part of the peacekeeping contingent of this country in South Sudan.
In Sudan in 2013, a large batch of Russian helicopter technology arrived. In particular, two batches of 12 Mi-24П were transferred to this African country (delivery was carried out from 2011, and the other was imported into 2013).
In the Middle East, Syria remained Russia's significant military-technical cooperation partner in the 2013 – 2014 years. In 2013, this country delivered 36 ЗРПК “Pantsir-С1” and 700 ЗУР 9М311 for these complexes. By 2013, the country received 8 SAM Buk-M2 (as well as 160 SAM 9М317 for them) and 12 upgraded Pechora-125М S-2 of 200 million dollars. According to SIPRI, a large number of various aviation weapons (TSA) were requested for the MiG-29 fighters, but the order status remains unknown. According to Russian sources, there is an agreement with Syria for 36 UBS Yak-130 with a total value of 0,55 billion dollars, but deliveries have not yet been made.
Tajikistan allegedly received 2013 Mi-12P and 24 helicopters of the Mi-12 / 8 family in 17.
Thailand ordered 2014 helicopters Mi-2В-17 worth 5 million dollars in 40.
In 2013, Turkmenistan was transferred to 60 Igr-S and 25 X-35 anti-ship missiles.
By the end of 2013, 50 X-PUME-1 ZRPK worth 0,72 – 0,8 million dollars and 1000 X-XUM 9-311 XY to them was completed in the UAE.
In 2012 – 2013, a batch of 1000 ATCM Cornet-E was transferred to Uganda.
Venezuela has become one of the largest partners of the Russian defense industry in 2013 – 2014. In particular, the Latin American country received the 12 ZRK C-125 Pechora-2M and 550 ZUR B600 (SA-3B), 48 self-propelled artillery mounts (SAU) 2CXNNXX Msta-S, 19-MAS, MNT, 123-MAS, 3-MNT, 1000 9 117 ZRK X-NUMX (SA-10B), 2011 self-propelled artillery mounts (ACS) evacuation machines) and 2013 ATGM 3М300 (AT-75) "ASCAP", as a company, a number of companies engaged in the operations of 9 – 82-M), 23 ZRS C-150BM, as well as 9 SAM 83МXNNUMXM (SA-23MC) as an APC, as well as 12 SAM 2МXNNXXM (SA-250MC) as an APC, as well as 9 AOR 317МXNNXXM (SA-12MC) as an APC, as well as 9 SAM 52X2013M (SA-114MCh) ASCHP, as well as 80 SAM 2011МXNNXXM (SA-2014MCh) ASCH, as and ) to them, 92 LAWS “Buk-M72” and 1 ZUR 2011X2013, XNUMX MLRS XNUMXAXNUMX “Tornado” (transferred to XNUMX), XNUMX BTR-XNUMXA (in XNUMX –NNX, Ich-th) I-off-the-ry of the Internet specialists, XNUMX BTR-XNUMXА (in XNUMX –On-the-off-the-hro I am) XNUMX – XNUMX).
Hungary in the 2014 year 3 was transferred to the former in the application of the Mi-8T.
Vietnam is currently building construction under license from the 12418 project missile boats. According to the contract signed in 2003, Hanoi received two boards of Russian construction and must assemble ten more under license. Russian samples built at the Vympel shipyard in Rybinsk were handed over to the customer in 2007 and 2008. For six boats assembled in Vietnam under a license prior to 2016, there is a firm contract, while for the other four there is an option. In 2010, the first licensed boat of the 12418 project was laid in Vietnam. Four missile boats have already been adopted by the Vietnamese Navy. The third pair (5 and 6) is in construction, they are installing the necessary equipment.
Of the weapons and military equipment manufactured in Russia, Vietnam in 2013 – 2014 received the 400 SAM “Igla-1” for patrol ships of the 10412 project and BPS-500 (class “Ho-A” / Ho-A), as well as missile boats of the 12418 project, 128 ASM X-35 (ordered by 400) for the Cheetah-3.9 frigates and missile boats of the 12418 project, 4 of the Su-30МКХNUMXВ fighter (ordered by 2). Vietnam at the end of 12 received the 2014 DEPL project 3 from 636.1 acquired. For them comes a wide range of weapons. 6 cruise missiles from the Club-S complex (Club-S, ordered 28 units), 50 anti-ship torpedoes 45-53 (ordered 65), 80 anti-ship / anti-submarine torpedoes TEST-45 (ordered XNUM) have been transferred to the country at the moment.
In March, 2015, Director of the Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation (FSMTC), Alexander Fomin, said that the plan to export military products this year will be completed at the level of 2014, despite the difficult political situation and international sanctions imposed on Russia. The current volume of the Russian defense industry’s order book is about 50 billion dollars.