"Ivan Gren" - the younger brother of the universal landing helicopter "Mistral"
Next year, the construction of the large landing ship of the Ivan Gren project, laid at the Yantar shipyard in 2004, will be completed. This ship is the first of the 11711 series, which will pass sea trials at the end of the summer of 2012, and will be part of the Russian fleet in 2013. As far as is known, about six more ships of the 2020 series are planned to be put into operation in the framework of the state armament program of Russia before 11711.
Russia already has a contract to build French universal ships of the Mistral project. The first ship of this project will be built by the French company STX in the Saint-Nazaire shipyards within three years, and our specialists will perform there about 20% of all works, the second will be built within four years and two more helicopter carriers will lay down and will be built under license by the USC Corporation in Russia . All technologies for the project, including the Zenit-9 project, were transferred to the Russian specialists.
The fleet also needs 18 ships of this class, this is the number that is necessary to deploy the naval assault forces (marines).
History The BDK project 11711 begins with the well-known Soviet BDK "Tapir", the ship "Ivan Gren" (serial number 01301) is an improved ship of the 1171 series "Tapir".
The 11711 project was created by the Nevsky Design Bureau, the Tapira hull was taken as the basis, design changes affected the interior and the ship's superstructure. Modern technologies and designs were successfully used, which gave a positive result in reducing the visibility and increasing the stealth of the ship in all areas of ship protection.
The ship acquired a new method for non-contact landing of military equipment, marines and cargoes for large landing ships built in the Soviet Union. It is proposed to use standard pontoons, which are used by ground units to overcome water obstacles.
Consider closer landing ships "Ivan Gren" and "Mistral":
BDK "Ivan Gren" on stocks:
- displacement - 4950 tons;
- draft - 3,6 meter;
- width - 16,5 meters;
- length - 120 meters;
- speed - 18 nodes;
- autonomous navigation duration - 30 days;
- ship crew - 100 people;
- one diesel 10Д49 with power 4000 hp;
- one universal shipboard AU 76-mm AK-176М;
- Two AK-630M artillery mounts;
- two launchers A-215, Grad rocket launcher system;
- one Ka-29 naval transport and combat helicopter.
Universal DC "Mistral":
- displacement - 16500 tons;
- draft -6,3 meter;
- width - 32 meters;
- length - 199 meters;
- speed - 19 nodes;
- autonomous navigation duration - 30 days;
- ship crew - 160 people;
- three diesel generator 16V32 with power 6,2MW;
- one diesel engine "Vyartsilya" power 3,3MW;
- two twin launchers of the Simbad anti-aircraft missile system;
- Two 30-mm artillery installations "Breda-Mauser";
- four Browning 12,7-mm machine guns;
- 16 amphibious heavy helicopters or 32 light helicopters;
- 2 radar DRBN-38A.
As you can see, the BDK "Ivan Gren" really turned out to be a junior ship compared to the French Mistral, however, the cost of ships is different:
- the cost of one ship of the series “Ivan Gren” - 5 billion rubles;
- the cost of one ship of the series "Mistral" - 1 billion euros.
At the end of 2010, the Yantar plant received a State order for the construction of another ship of the Ivan Gren series.
Do not forget that the old BDK project 775 was assembled in Poland, so the construction of the ships of the project "Ivan Gren" is being conducted almost anew, - according to military officials. In the meantime, the Mistral and Ivan Gren have not entered the Russian fleet, the Navy will continue to use the old landing ships built 1960-1980, the total number of 18 ships.
The fact that ships of this class are created and procured very leisurely is due to the fact that they are not the first necessity for the Russian Navy. We need more warships and submarines than amphibious ships; priorities have been put on corvettes, destroyers and frigates, the Ministry of Defense notes. Russia is not going to participate in amphibious operations and NATO operations using amphibious ships - this is not in its interests.
Large universal Mistrals will undertake tasks in the open seas and ocean expanses, and large landing ships of the Ivan Gren project will undertake tasks in the closed internal (Baltic and Black) seas.
- Dzhereleiko Roman
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