Military Review

Drama "Aurora"

19
Drama "Aurora"We all heard about "historical "Aurora volley" in Petrograd in 1917. Everything else about this famous cruiser we know poorly or do not know at all.
24 May 1900 of the year, 110 years ago, in the presence of Emperor Nicholas II, Empresses Maria Feodorovna and Alexandra Feodorovna, the cruiser Aurora was solemnly launched from the ship ramps of the New Admiralty shipyard in St. Petersburg. The family of the emperor and he himself watched the ceremony from the elegant pavilion.

Under the salvoes of the artillery salute of the ships on Neva, the new cruiser safely sailed, "without kinking and leaking," as reported to the emperor, and "as the ship emerged from the boathouse, flags were raised on it and the mast-mast was His Majesty's standard."

According to the tradition that existed since the time of Peter I, the right to give the name to the large ships belonged to the tsar, therefore Nicholas II was offered a list of possible names.
The options were: "Aurora", "Naiad", "Helion", "Juno", "Psyche", "Askold", "Varyag", "Bogatyr", "Boyar", "Polkan" and "Neptune". The emperor emphasized the name in the list, and in the margins with a pencil wrote: "Aurora".

Aurora was the name of the ancient Roman goddess of dawn. But for the Russian emperor, she became, rather, the symbol of the sunset ...

Structurally, the cruiser was, to put it mildly, not the most successful project - the vehicles were low-powered, the armor was thin, the artillery was weaker than that of its foreign counterparts. On the navy in those days there was a joke: "Low speed and few guns - this is what distinguishes the Aurora from an ordinary steamboat." The crew was almost six hundred people. The case was lined with copper, against fouling with shells.

In 1904, the Aurora embarked on a march as a part of the Second Pacific Squadron of Rear Admiral Zinovy ​​Rozhestvensky to the war with Japan. The journey to the Far East was a long one. No "revolutionary" sentiment on the ship was still in sight. Appointed to the "Aurora" senior court physician court counselor Kravchenko wrote in his diary: "The first impression of the Aurora is the most favorable. The team is cheerful, vigorous, looking straight into the eyes, not frowningly, it does not walk around the deck, but flies straight, executing orders. All this is gratifying to see. "

On the night of October 9, when the squadron was in the North Sea, an incident occurred, which in Russia was called Gullsky. The silhouette of the ship was detected, which was moving without identification lights and was following the course of crossing the course of the Russian flotilla, which was a gross violation of international rules. The squadron decided that it threatened to attack, and opened fire. It turned out later: Russian ships fired at small British fishing vessels, one of which was flooded. At the same time, the silhouettes of two more ships, on which fire was also opened, appeared on the horizon. At this time, the Aurora and Dmitry Donskoy cruisers, which were located at a distance from the main group of ships of the squadron, were shot at.

The incident led to a serious diplomatic conflict with England, which was resolved only after Russia agreed to compensate the losses to the fishermen and ensure the relatives of the dead and wounded by pensions. The squadron, meanwhile, continued on its way.

Many ships often had their pets. For a while, two crocodiles inhabited the Aurora, which were taken on board in one of the African ports. They were given the nicknames: one - himself, the other - Togo, on behalf of the Japanese admiral, who later led the defeat of the 2 th Pacific squadron. “The tropical climate, the difficult conditions of navigation undermined the health, the psyche,” describes the presence of reptiles on a warship the writer Yuri Chernov in his book Aurora High. - Exhausted deadly monotony. Sailors, even before indifferent to animals, irresistibly drawn to them ... Two young crocodiles appeared on the cruiser, several chameleons, not only changing their color, but also their body shape — they were inflated, transformed before their eyes. ”

One day, Sam suddenly rushed to the board and jumped into the ocean. The commander of the Aurora wrote in his diary: “One of the young crocodiles did not want to go to war, whom the officers released today for fun, he chose to jump overboard and die.” But his fellow Togo stayed and lived, as if nothing had happened.

On the night of May 14, the squadron entered the Straits of Korea 1905. Early in the morning, the Japanese intelligence officer Izumi was spotted on the horizon on the starboard side. After 9 hours, Japanese ships proceeding in parallel course appeared, and soon the main Japanese forces appeared seven miles away. During the battle, the Aurora suffered serious injuries, there were wounded and dead. The captain of the 1 rank, Yevgeny Yegoryev, was fatally wounded in the head and soon died.

During the battle on the Aurora, the flag was shot down six times by shrapnel, but the sailors invariably raised it. By evening, he was riddled, but continued to fly over the cruiser.
Going south, the Russian cruisers made attempts to turn to Vladivostok, but each time they encountered Japanese ships. After the ships arrived in Manila, on May 26 a subscription was given to the cruisers' crew not to take part in hostilities, the Portsmouth peace treaty between Russia and Japan was signed on August 23, and our ships left the capital of the Philippines. The Aurora was returned to Kronstadt, where it became a training ship for a long time.

In February 1911, the Aurora visited Messina on the Italian island of Sicily, and in September went to Siam to attend the coronation ceremony of the king there. During the First World War, the cruiser was a watch in the Baltic ...

The 1917 year came on, February 28 opposite the Aurora, which stood in Petrograd for repairs, groups of workers with red flags appeared, some of them with weapons. There were shouts from the crowd calling for the cruiser crew to quit work and go to the city. The captain of the cruiser, Mikhail Nikolsky, said that everyone, except those employed on the watch, could go ashore. The crowd, meanwhile, filled the ship and began to seize weapons. The sailors decided to forward the captain and the senior officer to the Tauride Palace, where they took everyone who resisted the uprising. On the shore, the officers were demanded to go at the head of the procession with red flags in their hands. Nikolsky refused, then a shot rang out from the crowd, a bullet hit the captain in the head, and he died on the spot.

In Soviet times, the Aurora was called the "ship of the revolution." By the morning of October 25 - in the old style - in the hands of the Bolsheviks were the main strategic points and government offices of Petrograd. It remained to capture Winter, in the event of the government’s refusal to surrender, it was supposed to fire at him from the Peter and Paul Fortress and from Aurora, and then take the palace by storm. The chief of staff of the rebels, Vladimir Antonov-Ovseenko, arrived on the cruiser and ordered: on the signal shot of Peter and Paul Fortress, the Aurora will give a couple of single shots from six-inch shots.

It is customary to say: "Aurora Volley." In reality, only one single shot was fired from the tank gun, which supposedly served as a signal for the start of the Winter assault. However, as is now known, there was no “assault”; revolutionaries without any interference entered the palace and arrested the Provisional Government.

The legend of the “heroic assault” was created later and enshrined in Sergei Eisenstein’s feature film “October,” which was shown as documentary in the USSR.
A member of the crew, Khovrin, described the events on the night of 25 on October 26: “One of the orders of the Military Revolutionary Committee was to order the Aurora cruiser to anchor at the Nikolayevsky Bridge in case of shelling of the Winter Palace, where the Provisional Government was located. Not knowing how the existing military units would behave, this measure was necessary, especially since there were large-caliber guns on the Aurora. However, the command of the cruiser refused to execute orders, referring to the shallow fairway on the Neva. In addition, the Aurora vehicles were not assembled at that time. Nevertheless, the tug brought the cruiser to the bridge, where it anchored. When they began to prepare guns, it turned out that there were no sights for them. Someone locked the sights in the cabin. So, in search of both, they made it to the evening. In short, everything was done to ensure that the order of the Military Revolutionary Committee was not executed. But still, at the most crucial moment, the Aurora gave one single shot, and with that the cruiser’s role was exhausted. ”

The next day, rumors began to spread that they were firing live shells at Zimniy. To disprove them, Pravda published a note on October 27 in October: “The Aurora cruiser crew protests the abandoned accusations, especially the accusations that are not verified, but throw a spot of shame on the cruiser crew. We declare that we have come not to smash the Winter Palace, not to kill civilians, but to protect and, if necessary, die for freedom and revolution from counter-revolutionaries. The press writes that the Aurora opened fire on the Winter Palace, but did gentlemen reporters know that the fire opened by us from guns would not leave a stone unturned not only from the Winter Palace, but also from the streets adjacent to it? We appeal to you, the workers and soldiers of Petrograd! Do not believe the provocative rumors. As for the shots from the cruiser, only one single shot from the 6-inch gun was made, indicating the signal for all ships stationed on the Neva, and calling them to be vigilant and ready. Chairman of the Sudkoma A. Belyshev. Secretary S. Zakharov "

Shoot fighting "Aurora" could not even for the simple reason that it was not ammunition. He was removed from the ship during the repair.

Since the beginning of World War II, the ship, which was in Oranienbaum, was included in the air defense system of Kronstadt. From the Aurora to the front went navy men, with the cruiser removed the weapons.

In July 1941, the battery “A” - “Aurora”, located in the region of Dudergof, was formed, which included nine guns removed from the cruiser.
In September, during the week, the battery fought with the German tanksfighting in complete surroundings to the last shell. By the end of the eighth day of fighting, out of 165 personnel, only 26 sailors had reached their own.

German aviation began to subject the Aurora to ruthless raids, trying to destroy the monument to the revolution. Seeing the futility of the crew staying aboard a fixed vessel, Captain Ivan Sakov placed sailors on the shore, leaving a permanent watch on the Aurora. For this, he was arrested and soon shot on charges of panic and fleeing the ship.

At the end of November, the crew were again transferred to the shore. The watch was carried at the only combat-ready anti-aircraft gun and flag. Seeing this flag, waving above the cruiser that had landed on the ground, German batteries, from time to time, opened fire on it. In August 1943, the flag was shot down by a shell fragment, but it was immediately lifted out of the water. The shelling of the Aurora ceased only with the lifting of the blockade of Leningrad.

In August 1944, the Leningrad City Council executive committee adopted a resolution according to which the Aurora was to be installed at the Petrograd Embankment as a museum-monument to the history of the fleet and a training blockhouse of the Nakhimov Naval School. The museum created on the cruiser in 1956 was expanded and made a branch of the Central Naval Museum.

By the end of the seventies, the Aurora Corps was in disrepair. Despite the protests of fleet historians who sought to preserve a unique monument, it was decided to completely replace the underwater part using modern technology. The hull was put into the dock, where almost the entire underwater part was separated from it. It has not been disposed of, and is in a flooded condition near the village of Stream of the Kingisepp District. As the newspapers wrote, local residents began to saw off pieces from him for souvenirs.

After the war, Aurora had to play the role of another heroic cruiser, the Varyag, about which they began to make a film. Soviet filmmakers "made up" the ship: they built a commander’s balcony on the bow of the ship, made a different canopy of the bow, added tools, built another, fourth pipe. She was out of plywood, but out of it, as expected, thick black smoke poured on the screen. The film "Cruiser Varyag" was released in 1946 year.

In 2009, Aurora had to play a different role, but this time it was far less honorable - a restaurant for VIPs. On its board, they organized a party at the end of the International Economic Forum held in St. Petersburg.
The event was held under the flag of the magazine “Russian Pioneer”, which is published with the money of oligarch Mikhail Prokhorov. “The whole elite and business elite of St. Petersburg have gathered,” they will write later about a party in a magazine. - Almost all guests of the International Economic Forum met together. Elvira Nabiullina, Minister of Economic Development, Ilya Klebanov, Plenipotentiary of the President in the North-West Federal District, Rustam Tariko, owner of the Russian Standard company, Oleg Tinkov, beer magnate, Mikhail Khabarov, Alfa-Capital president, Nikita Sherman, President, Odnoklassnikov.ru, Nikita Sherman, Chief Editor of the Russian " Forbes "Maxim Kashulinsky ..."

The party provoked outrage in St. Petersburg, especially among veteran sailors. The main military prosecutor’s office, after conducting an investigation into the “tusovka” with the participation of high-ranking officials at the Aurora, made a submission to the address of the commander-in-chief of the Navy ...

Now the cruiser has been sent back for repairs to Kronstadt. It is assumed that in the year 2016 "Aurora" will return to the place of his "eternal parking" at the Petrograd embankment.
Author:
Originator:
http://www.stoletie.ru/territoriya_istorii/dramy_avrory_869.htm
19 comments
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  1. Aleksiy
    Aleksiy 6 June 2015 06: 23
    +8
    "In 2009" Aurora "had to play a different role, but this time much less honorable - a restaurant for VIP-persons. A party was held on board at the end of the International Economic Forum in St. Petersburg." - this is the whole "elite" of Russia. Are the partners satisfied?
  2. Andrey Yuryevich
    Andrey Yuryevich 6 June 2015 06: 37
    +6
    even Naebullina got drunk on "AURORA" ... am here is rubbish ... fool
  3. fomkin
    fomkin 6 June 2015 07: 17
    +15
    I read the article and recalled the joke: The most powerful gun in the world on Aurora, one shot was enough to turn the whole world. And as for the coven on board our shrine, this is a deliberate mockery of our history. Speculators and hucksters can not forgive that for a long time they were not allowed to grow thin and live off the ore people.
  4. Serg65
    Serg65 6 June 2015 08: 04
    +21
    The article put a minus. The story of "Aurora" is described in a biased and one-sided way. What is an armored cruiser? Battleship? Battleship? No, the armored cruiser is a raider and built for privateering. “Low speed and few guns - that's what distinguishes the Aurora from an ordinary steamer” only an amateur can reason like this! In the difficult cruise of the 2nd Tikhookenskaya squadron, the Aurora proved to be one of the best ships in the squadron. During the Tsushima battle, "Aurora" followed "Oleg", on which the detachment commander Rear Admiral OA Enquist was holding the flag. These two ships, possessing an advantage in speed and armament, in comparison with their two older brothers "Donskoy" and "Monomakh", found themselves each time exactly in the place from which the greatest danger came. To use the greater power of their artillery, they approached the enemy at the maximum possible small distances up to 24 kb. There were moments when the cruisers found themselves under fire from four Japanese ships at once. In order to prevent the enemy from targeting and at the same time to keep its place in the ranks, "Aurora" had to constantly change course and speed. The author writes ... In February 1911, the "Aurora" visited Messina on the Italian island of Sicily. Why did the Aurora go to Messina? The actions of the cruiser in the First World War are described crumpledly. But participation in the revolution is very scheduled. The only merit of "Aurora" in the revolution is that the cruiser was the only large ship at that time in St. Petersburg.
    1. Captain45
      Captain45 6 June 2015 10: 40
      +11
      Quote: Serg65
      Why did the Aurora go to Messina?

      In February 1911 of the year, “Aurora” went to the Sicilian port of Messina - it was necessary to get a special gold medal awarded to the crews of Russian warships for heroism in eliminating the consequences of the devastating earthquake of 1908 of the year. And it was necessary so to happen that on the day of arrival in the city there was a severe fire. The Auroraites took an active part in its suppression, and since then, in the eyes of the Messinians, Russian sailors have become steadily associated with the elimination of natural disasters.
      1. Serg65
        Serg65 6 June 2015 11: 03
        +6
        Quote: Captain45
        In February 1911 of the year, “Aurora” went to the Sicilian port of Messina - it was necessary to get a special gold medal awarded to the crews of Russian warships for heroism in eliminating the consequences of the devastating earthquake of 1908 of the year.

        Exactly, the author writes that the "Aurora" between times dropped into Messina, the commander arranged shopping for the sailors and, waving the Messinians with a pen, the cruiser ran on. And the fact that the Italians carried the Aurora people in their arms and treated them to a glass of wine in every courtyard is probably an accident?
    2. Aleksandr72
      Aleksandr72 6 June 2015 11: 47
      +13
      It is not ships that are fighting, but people on them (crews). "Dasha" and "Broadsword" (armored cruisers "Diana" and "Pallada") were the sister-thorns of "Aurora" - and all together in the Russian Imperial Navy bore a very "flattering" and self-explanatory name "Sleepy Goddesses". But who, besides specialists, now knows and remembers about "Diana" (who, having escaped from the besieged Port Arthur, after an unsuccessful battle in the Yellow Sea, was interned in Saigon, then French, then served without much success and merit in the Baltic, where went for scrap in 1922) and "Pallada" (which was sunk by Japanese artillery in the harbor of Port Arthur, at the end of the war was raised, repaired and entered into service by the Japanese fleet under the name "Tsugaru" - "Tsugaru", excluded from the the same 1922, in order to die under bombs as a target ship in two years). And "Aurora" - the only one of all the sisters - "goddesses" was lucky - entered History and became a monument to herself and the Epoch (I write without any sarcasm).
      I have the honor.
      1. Serg65
        Serg65 6 June 2015 12: 03
        +6
        Quote: Aleksandr72
        went down in History and became a monument to itself and the Age (I write without any sarcasm).

        You're right, Alexander! My friends, just think about it !!! The cruiser "Aurora" is the only Russian ship that participated in the Tsushima battle, the only ship that took part in the revolution of 17th year, the First World War and the Great Patriotic War !!! This is a whole era!
      2. Mooh
        Mooh 7 June 2015 09: 34
        0
        wore a very "flattering" and self-explanatory name "Sleepy Goddesses"

        They were also called "Goddesses of Domestic Production"
    3. lelikas
      lelikas 6 June 2015 15: 39
      +2
      Better to read - Cruiser Aurora. Bartev G.P., Burkovsky B.V., Sklyarov I.I.
    4. Alf
      Alf 6 June 2015 16: 03
      +5
      Quote: Serg65
      No, the armored cruiser is a raider and is designed for privateering. “Low speed and few guns - this is what distinguishes the Aurora from an ordinary steamboat” only an amateur can reason like that!

      Armored cruisers of the Russian fleet.
      1. Aurora-1900g.s with 6370t 20 knots 8x152 and 24x75mm
      2. Askold-1902g.s 5900t 23uz. 12x152 and 12x75.
      3. Bogatyr-1902g.s 6645t 23uz. 12x152 and 12x75.
      4. Varyag-1901g.s with 6600t 23uz 12x152 and 12x75
      Aurora as a cruiser was outdated at the time of launching. With the same displacement, the Aurora was inferior to its simultaneous classmates in speed and armament.
  5. Yarik
    Yarik 6 June 2015 08: 14
    +5
    In 2009, Aurora had to play a different role, but this time it was far less honorable - a restaurant for VIPs. On its board, they organized a party at the end of the International Economic Forum held in St. Petersburg.
    The event was held under the flag of the magazine “Russian Pioneer”, which is published with the money of oligarch Mikhail Prokhorov. “The whole elite and business elite of St. Petersburg have gathered,” they will write later about a party in a magazine. - Almost all guests of the International Economic Forum met together. Elvira Nabiullina, Minister of Economic Development, Ilya Klebanov, Plenipotentiary of the President in the North-West Federal District, Rustam Tariko, owner of the Russian Standard company, Oleg Tinkov, beer magnate, Mikhail Khabarov, Alfa-Capital president, Nikita Sherman, President, Odnoklassnikov.ru, Nikita Sherman, Chief Editor of the Russian " Forbes "Maxim Kashulinsky ..."

    Representatives of the parallel world, in a word. Naebullina, of course, among them.
  6. PPD
    PPD 6 June 2015 11: 19
    +5
    The main problem of cruisers like Diana is not low power cars, but the general imbalance of the project. They screwed it up with contours, wrong overall alignment, unbalanced machines — some of the boilers were even going to be removed and converted in exchange for an artillery cellar, there were too many boilers. The Varyag had the same speed problems. The Japanese decided it easier — they simply unloaded the bow and loaded the stern. They repaired the car and even with supposedly flawed boilers, the Varangian reached a speed that we could not develop at all. But all these problems, not only with Aurora and the sisters — everything that was collected at our shipyards — had the same problems with quality and thoughtfulness. Enough cannabis Brave to remember.
    1. Captain45
      Captain45 6 June 2015 12: 21
      +3
      Quote: PPD
      The Varyag had the same speed problems.

      “The most fatal consequences for the fate of the cruiser had an unfortunate choice of power plant. The Americans preferred to install the so-called vertical steam boilers. During the acceptance tests, the Varyag showed champion agility - 23,25 knots (about 45 km / h). But, alas, during the very first long-distance passage across the Atlantic to the Baltic Sea, the steam system began to hand over. In addition, the team of Russian sailors who took over the ship discovered serious flaws in the car, in which some parts were made of low-quality metal.When the cruiser arrived in Kronstadt, it could hardly move and was immediately sent for overhaul!
      So it turns out that sea directories are wrong: instead of the fastest cruiser in the famous battle near the Korean port of Chemulpo on February 9, 1904, an "invalid" took part, who could barely squeeze 15-17 knots out of his cars. "
      Source: http: //flot.com/history/events/unknownfacts.html
      1. lelikas
        lelikas 7 June 2015 18: 48
        +1
        "It was not about the car ..." Nikloss's boilers were used not only on the Varyag and not only in the RIF, but in 03 he showed a speed close to the calculated one .....
        It is like an unreliable and wedging SVT in the infantry, in the hands of the sailors it was practically trouble-free.
    2. Alf
      Alf 6 June 2015 16: 09
      +1
      Quote: PPD
      But all these problems, not only with Aurora and the sisters — everything that was collected at our shipyards — had the same problems with quality and thoughtfulness.

      Has cruiser Oleg also performed poorly? Both Oleg and Aurora were built in one place, at the Admiralty shipyard. Only for some reason heaven and earth. Nobody complained about Oleg’s overload.
  7. Kars
    Kars 6 June 2015 11: 56
    +7
    It’s hard now on VO with interesting thematic articles)))
    I came across an interesting resource, in the comments there certainly aren’t that harness, and there is no shoulder strap but the info is varied and interesting.
    http://feldgrau.info/2010-09-02-14-35-19/12279-verdun-nichejnaya-zemlya-otravlen
    naya-vojnoj

    And according to Aurod - what to say to the goddesses turned out to be unsuccessful, and not flattering characteristics are all about them. Surely their guns did more good when they were removed for the land defense of Leningrad in the Blockade,


    photo from under the verdun just hit me))
  8. Captain45
    Captain45 6 June 2015 12: 24
    +3
    Quote: Kars
    It’s hard now on VO with interesting thematic articles)))

    Greetings, Kars, for some reason I did not meet your comments in the heated discussion on "Armata". Not interesting? But I agree with the articles, especially with the comments. Previously, so much could be gleaned from comments that it was not necessary to climb an encyclopedia. But now ...
    1. Kars
      Kars 6 June 2015 13: 16
      +3
      Quote: Captain45
      Greetings

      hi
      Quote: Captain45
      stormy discussion on "Armata"

      there are too many articles - and basically about the same thing, but in a couple of three I noted.
  9. Uzer 13.
    Uzer 13. 6 June 2015 16: 16
    +1
    There was severe service on these ships. On the same Aurora, if you visit the seafarers' living quarters (it’s hardly possible to call it a cubic), one can immediately note the cramped and Spartan living conditions, as well as numerous rolled up sailor bunks hanging somewhere under the ceiling. There is nowhere to go, such a huge crew needs to be placed somewhere and somewhere. If you look closely at the bow gun, you can see that during the battle the gun crew was located directly on the deck, without any protection from fragments, with all the ensuing consequences. However it would and the general trend of the ship's design.
  10. master
    master 6 June 2015 17: 59
    -7
    The ship has gone from war to a restaurant)) This can only be in Russia))
  11. kvs207
    kvs207 6 June 2015 18: 18
    +2
    There is such a book, where the repair and reconstruction of "Aurora" in 1987 is detailed. With an autograph of the developers and leaders of this reconstruction. True, autograph, not for me (((
    1. Argon
      Argon 7 June 2015 00: 51
      0
      It is more correct to say that in 87g the reconstruction was carried out, the hull was completely replaced, the project of a concrete loading barge (I do not remember the number) was taken as the basis for the "remake". The project was reworked so that the steel hull was made to be filled with concrete in the bottom and inter-board space (slightly above the waterline). So now "Aurora" is a stand-up, non-self-propelled vessel. The hull has 3 watertight compartments (more likely 5, taking into account collision bulkheads). museum experts "do not know what's what. The second-directly exposition. The third-here is the EUK, crew quarters, officers' cabins, combat posts (the ship was part of the fleet). The history of the original hull, that is, the REAL CRUISER" Aurora ", is interesting. After reconstruction, it was sunk on the Petrovsky Canal of the Leningrad port as a navigational landmark. This fact threatened to become a major political scandal, so after a while the hull was lifted and towed to the coal harbor of the flax port, where it had been for several years. After the collapse of the state, the hull was towed, flooded and, after reclamation the foundation of one of the berths of the port under construction in Ust-Luga.
  12. kvs207
    kvs207 6 June 2015 18: 21
    0
    I did not quite understand all the subtleties, so I apologize. Here is this book.
  13. kvs207
    kvs207 6 June 2015 18: 29
    +2
    Quote: uzer 13
    during the battle, the gun crew was located directly on the deck, having no protection against fragments, with all the ensuing consequences

    Shields on the guns are also installed there. They came to the towers, only on "Bogatyrs". There is also a book by L. Polenov.
  14. UNFAMILIAR
    UNFAMILIAR 6 June 2015 21: 19
    +3
    An article, not a snide comment, should be prepared more seriously and the facts should not be pulled out. A drunken party, and also stalkers infiltrated the ship and hanged the "Jolly Roger", and back in 2008, the "Aurora" was connected to the city water supply and sewerage system (the order of events is the same). It was interesting to read about 26 surviving sailors from the position on Kievskoe highway, since childhood we were told that no one survived. The training ship Aurora was not affected between the war period, entry to Copenhagen, sorry, but the article "-"
  15. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 7 June 2015 13: 51
    +1
    As I understand it, cruisers in those days in general
    were not intended for naval combat (for this were
    armadillos), but only for control over the coast and shelling
    the coast. At most, they could drive off the destroyers of the enemy,
    when they themselves were out of the reach of the fire of his armadillos.

    English cruisers patrolled the waters of numerous
    remote colonies, checked or drove away suspicious vessels,
    pirates, smugglers, carried out punitive shelling
    coast during riots, etc ...
    Why they dragged the cruiser into a naval battle at Tsushima is not clear.