Military Review

In Russia, the construction of a passenger hydrofoil ship "Comet 120M"

46
In Russia, the construction of a civilian hydrofoil (SEC) is underway in a new project, the first since the times of the Soviet Union. This is a ship designed to carry 120 passengers. The construction of a civilian vessel is carried out in the city of Rybinsk, Yaroslavl Region, at the Vympel shipbuilding plant. The vessel intended for high-speed sea shipments is built according to the 23160 “Comet 120M” project.


OJSC Shipyard Vympel specializes in the production of low- and medium-tonnage sea and river vessels and boats, both civilian and military. Since the company was founded in 1930, more than 30 thousands of different types of ships of all types have been assembled and launched in Rybinsk. Over the past 40 years more than 1800 ships and boats built in the Yaroslavl region have been delivered to 29 countries of Europe, Asia, Africa, South America, countries of the Middle East and Southeast Asia.

Passenger motor ship on underwater wings "Comet"


The ship is being built according to a project that was created by the designers of the well-known Nizhny Novgorod Russian Central Design Bureau of hydrofoils named after R. E. Alekseev. The fact of construction itself symbolizes the fact that high-speed civil shipbuilding begins to wake up from a long hibernation and a period of decline in the 90-s of the XX century. Source in the shipbuilding industry of Russia in an interview with RIA News stressed that in the 1990-ies available passenger high-speed vessels were sold abroad: to Greece, China, the Baltic countries, where they were at that time in demand by local customers. But now such ships are in demand in Russia itself. They would be very useful today in the Black Sea, where there are really great difficulties in servicing passenger flows. According to Soviet projects, such ships were built in Russia until about the middle of the 90s of the last century.

The new ship on the project 23160 was laid at the shipyard "Vympel" in the city of Rybinsk 23 August 2013 year. Governor of the region Sergey Yastrebov and Minister of Transport Maxim Sokolov took part in the solemn ceremony of laying the marine passenger hydrofoil "Comet 120M". At the ceremony of laying the ship were announced approximate dates of construction of a new vessel - 9-10 months. As it turned out, the terms that appeared in the press at that time turned out to be very optimistic. But the event itself, when after almost a 20-year break in Russia, the construction of passenger high-speed hydrofoil vessels and the subsequent serial production of a new generation SEC in Rybinsk was started according to a new project, of course, is a very important and significant stage for Russian civil shipbuilding.



Perhaps it is just such a long break that imposes its influence on the construction time of the whole small ship. According to the manufacturer, 13 March 2015, the ship under construction was moved from the slipway from the first construction site to the second. Rybinsk noted that this is an important point, which means the end of a large phase of construction. Now the vessel will stay in the second outfitting position for about a month. Technological pressure plates, the so-called butt, have already been removed from the ship. The body is being welded outside. Ahead of the ship waiting for the mandatory phase of work - testing of the hull for tightness. As part of this work, X-ray flaw detection of seams will be carried out; in addition, tanks will be filled with water and will be tested for watertightness.

To save time on the construction of the vessel, work on forming the superstructure framework will begin at the second outfitting position. At the third stage of construction work, the 120M comet will be returned back to the jig where the superstructure will be riveted. At the fourth, final stage of work, the ship will be put on high keel blocks for mounting the propulsive-steering complex, wing assembly, propellers, shafts and steering wheel.



The marine passenger hydrofoil Comet 120M is a single-deck vessel equipped with a two-shaft diesel engine power plant. The vessel is intended for the implementation of high-speed passenger transport in the daytime in the new aviation-type seats. It is reported that this project of the ship was designed on the basis of the SEC, which were created in the USSR under the projects “Kometa”, “Kolkhida” and “Qatran”. The main purpose of this ship is the carriage of passengers in the coastal maritime zone. It is reported that the ship will be able to reach speeds in 35 nodes. Its main difference from the SEC previously built in our country will be the provision of a high level of comfort for passengers. To this end, an automatic system for moderating rolling and overloading should appear on the ship. The design of the ship will use modern vibration-absorbing materials, which should also positively affect the comfort of passengers.

Spacious business and economy class cabins on the new “Komet” will be provided with comfortable passenger seats of aviation type, the maximum number of passengers - 120, installation in the air-conditioning salons. The features of the ship include the placement of passengers in the nose and middle salons. In the aft cabin will be located bar. Also in the premises of the wheelhouse and the bar provides double glazing. The vessel will receive modern means of communication and navigation. It is planned to reduce the volume of fuel consumption due to the installation of modern 16V2000 M72 engines with electronic fuel injection, produced by the German company MTU, and propellers with increased efficiency.



Also, Sergey Italitsev, the incumbent director of the “River-Sea Ships” program in the civil shipbuilding department of the United Shipbuilding Corporation, told reporters that the USC is considering the option of completing the Olimpia marine passenger ships on the underwater wings of the Olimpia project at the Khabarovsk Shipbuilding Plant . In the future, these unfinished vessels could be used to provide passenger transportation at the Kerch ferry in the Crimea. Also, in the case of completion, these vessels could be used in the Far East. It is in the Black Sea and the Far East that today there are big problems with passenger service.

Project Olympia ships are able to take on board up to 232 passengers. They are designed for high-speed passenger traffic on seas with tropical and temperate climates with distances from “ports of refuge” to 50 miles. In total, two such vessels were built, both were sold for export. The degree of readiness of two unfinished vessels is approximately 80%. If a decision is made and a contract is concluded for their completion, ships can be completed within 6-8 months, it is noted on the website of the Central Design Bureau for hydrofoil vessels named after R. E. Alekseev.



Two such vessels were built in the 80-s of the last century and successfully operated. Olimpia is one of the last projects of the Soviet civilian SEC. According to RIA Novosti, there are currently several potential customers who are willing to use these vessels on the Black Sea. According to Italutsev, preparatory work is currently underway in Khabarovsk in order to modernize this project to the requirements of today and under the register rules in force in Russia and to complete the construction of ships.

In the meantime, the ferry crossing over the Kerch Strait (crossing the port of Crimea - the port of the Caucasus) is the main transport artery that connects Crimea with the rest of Russia. For this reason, long traffic jams and waiting hours for loading cars on the ferry have become commonplace here, especially during the summer holidays. At the same time in winter and autumn traffic jams occur here only during a storm. By the end of 2018, it is planned to complete and put into operation a new bridge across the Kerch Strait. 247 billion rubles are allocated for the construction of this bridge, and 416,5 billion rubles are planned to be allocated for the development of the transport infrastructure of the Crimea.



The main characteristics of the ship "Comet 120M":
Displacement - 73 tons.
Overall dimensions: length - 35,2 m, width - 10,3 m, draft - 3,2 m.
Operating speed - 35 knots (in calm water).
Passenger capacity - 120 people (22 business class, 98 economy class).
Travel range - 200 miles.
Autonomy (flight duration) - up to 8 hours.
The power of the main power plant - 2х820 kW.
Fuel consumption - 320 kg / hour.
Seaworthiness (wave height): when trekking on wings - 2 m, in displacement position - 2,5 m.
Crew - 5 man.

Information sources:
http://www.vz.ru/news/2015/5/19/746141.html
http://ria.ru/economy/20150519/1065394853.html
http://portnews.ru/news/166150
http://www.vympel-rybinsk.ru (предприятие-изготовитель)
http://www.ckbspk.ru (предприятие-проектировщик)
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  1. Imperialkolorad
    Imperialkolorad 21 May 2015 06: 42
    11
    It's time, and then the whole fleet of air-winged ships in the best case of the furry 80x years. It was possible to move on a similar unit in Karelia. Extremely comfortable trip turned out.
    1. NEXUS
      NEXUS 21 May 2015 08: 07
      +8
      Quote: ImperialKolorad
      It's time, and then the whole fleet of air-winged ships in the best case of the furry 80x years. It was possible to move on a similar unit in Karelia. Extremely comfortable trip turned out.

      So in the Lower Comet and Meteors they were built, and then they covered it all. But once these machines of foreigners were amazing and delighted, not to mention our citizens.
      1. dauria
        dauria 21 May 2015 10: 13
        +6
        so in the Lower Comet and Meteors were built


        In Nizhny (Gorky) we built the Raketa and Meteor industrial complexes, and we had an experienced Burevestnik SPK with a turbojet engine. Marine comets, built in Feodosia and Poti. By the way, the fare from Gorky to Gorodets (60 km) was about the same price as a suburban bus. In the 90s, it became unacceptably expensive and now you will not find the SEC on the Volga in the afternoon with fire. The people moved to personal cars, and for parties with a banquet they use low-speed medium-sized troughs. So they will not appear on rivers as transport. At sea, yes, it's another matter.
        1. vezdehodov
          vezdehodov 21 May 2015 19: 07
          +4
          Meteors on the Ob drive, only on the road, except on the river there are often no other means of transportation. Only a helicopter ... and the prices, you know, are very different.
        2. Sergey Vl.
          Sergey Vl. 24 May 2015 09: 54
          0
          And what about the silence about the Shipyard in Feodosia? This enterprise just released ships on a PC, even the director had his own little "Comet".
      2. sssla
        sssla 21 May 2015 18: 56
        +2
        Quote: NEXUS
        But once upon a time, these cars of foreigners were amazing and delighted, not to mention our citizens.

        Every summer with parents to Zaporozhye in childhood on the Meteor and as far as I remember the distance of 80 kilometers cost up to 3 Soviet rubles !!! Unforgettable and indescribable !!!
    2. Evgeny_Lev
      Evgeny_Lev 21 May 2015 09: 27
      +4
      on the hydrofoil. with your permission.
      1. Imperialkolorad
        Imperialkolorad 21 May 2015 10: 16
        +1
        Yes, I admit I wrote it wrong.
    3. Lt. Air Force stock
      Lt. Air Force stock 21 May 2015 12: 49
      +1
      Quote: ImperialKolorad
      It's time, and then the whole fleet of air-winged ships in the best case of the furry 80x years. It was possible to move on a similar unit in Karelia. Extremely comfortable trip turned out.

      Well, finally, or else on "Omik" it turns out a very long trip.
    4. self-propelled
      self-propelled 21 May 2015 22: 01
      +2
      Quote: ImperialKolorad
      It's time


      I agree. and it would not be bad to restore old routes, for example Mariupol-Yeysk. I still found the Krasavtsev on this route
  2. Vladimir.
    Vladimir. 21 May 2015 07: 23
    +4
    These ships deserve the future!
    Such would be, instead of the old rusty buckets, they should be launched along the rivers! And there will be civilization, otherwise it would have sailed on a boat ..... Far from civilization. Rusty, old, there is nothing to say .... In short, new vessels must be produced and as quickly as possible.
  3. vkl-47
    vkl-47 21 May 2015 07: 24
    +3
    In St. Petersburg, probably will run. And it is possible in the Crimea
    1. sub307
      sub307 21 May 2015 11: 05
      +1
      At one time they "ply" between Murmansk and Gadzhievo, with calls at Severomorsk and Polyarny. It was very convenient ...
    2. The comment was deleted.
  4. dmit-xnumx
    dmit-xnumx 21 May 2015 07: 29
    +4
    I am glad that the construction of these frisky ships was resumed, but German engines are depressing, I hope that there will still be ours (engines).
    1. Bayonet
      Bayonet 21 May 2015 09: 16
      +4
      Quote: dmit-52
      but German engines are depressing

      If ours will have better or at least the same characteristics, then why not. When I had to drive the Raketa for several hours, then I left for half a day. Engine noise, strong vibration….
      1. AzBooks
        AzBooks 21 May 2015 21: 03
        +1
        Quote: Bayonet
        When I had to drive the Raketa for several hours, then I left for half a day. Engine noise, strong vibration….

        That is yes. Both on the Meteor and on the Comet (many times along the route Togliatti - Solnechnaya Polyana). In my opinion, the main drawback of the Soviet SEC. Removing vibration and noise is just a song, not a vehicle.
  5. Baloo
    Baloo 21 May 2015 07: 51
    +1
    It's time, very happy. I hope to take into account the shortcomings of the predecessors — the noise, the smell of solariums in the salons. The captain’s cabin was in vain removed behind, and then, when mooring, the captain sometimes needs to go to the edge of the side. hi
    1. avt
      avt 21 May 2015 09: 20
      +4
      Quote: Balu
      It's time, very happy.

      good “Valdai 45R” Volzhans are also going to do it. Thank God - they woke up from the hassle of effective managers, in the 90s all ears were buzzing - not needed, not effective, not marketable.
  6. Koronik
    Koronik 21 May 2015 08: 15
    +4
    Good decision, had to be on such ships and missiles and Metiory, I can’t say anything bad about reliable transport. And in Russia, with its roads, and the lack of small aircraft, indispensable delivery for many villagers and not only. Yes, and the cost of moving virtually no rivers in Russia abound. So good luck!
    1. Slavs69
      Slavs69 21 May 2015 10: 03
      +4
      Really! In the 80s, early 90s (there were still) they ran along the Yenisei "Zarya" (though not the SPK, but it does not change the essence). They were an excellent transport for interdistrict transportation, an alternative to bus service.
      1. Bayonet
        Bayonet 21 May 2015 18: 25
        +3
        Quote: Slavs69
        ran along the Yenisei "Zarya"

        Motor ships "Zarya" - passenger high-speed shallow-draft planing ships of projects 946, R-83 and their modifications - are intended for local passenger transportation during daylight hours along small rivers. Built since 1965 at the Moscow shipbuilding and ship repair plant, in total, about 400 units were built. The most massive series of Soviet high-speed passenger ships.

        Device: Motor ships have a water-jet propulsion, engine room in the aft, wheelhouse in the bow, a half-deepened passenger compartment in the middle.
        A distinctive feature of the ship is the ability to embark and disembark passengers in places not equipped with berthing facilities. Due to the special shape of the bottom, "Zarya" can go ashore with its bow (the slope of the coastal bottom must be more than 5 degrees), which allows embarking and disembarking without lowering the gangway.
      2. bddrus
        bddrus 23 May 2015 15: 21
        0
        Darling, they still believe I am walking normally. The last time I saw the truth was in the year 2004, it may have decayed since then, but we have such things for a long time.
  7. inkass_98
    inkass_98 21 May 2015 08: 36
    +5
    In the old days we used to have such "Comets" along the routes Novorossiysk-Sochi-Sukhumi, plus walks along the sea for holidaymakers. It was a good thing, I liked it. Fast, convenient, beautiful. For entertainment, it's a song. It is three hours from Sochi to Sukhumi, not like now with traffic jams, border and customs.
  8. Gromm
    Gromm 21 May 2015 09: 13
    +1
    Great news! But when there will be hundreds of these ships, then it will be possible to talk about achievements, but for now alas.
  9. AlexSK
    AlexSK 21 May 2015 09: 15
    +3
    Yes, it would not be bad to see such boats in Krasnoyarsk for different configurations, and to move to the cottages, including, otherwise we have Zarya (issue 70-80x), it’s just a big deal especially when it is full!
    1. pensioner
      pensioner 21 May 2015 09: 51
      +6
      Quote: AlexSK
      "Dawn" (issue 70-80x) walks it just kapzdets especially when it is full full!

      Well, when it is full, it’s not a kapets. request . Kapets was when we pushed her hands into the Ob after landing in Polnovat. That was kapets, so kapets. All kapets kpets. We laughed at - in the mat. They were head over heels in the sand. yes
      1. AzBooks
        AzBooks 21 May 2015 21: 08
        0
        Quote: retired
        Well, when it is full, it’s not a kapets.


        By Peno and Veselug passenger on it ...
        During acceleration, the floor in the passenger compartment is a wave. "Attraction" is still the same. laughing
      2. Aleks tv
        Aleks tv 22 May 2015 00: 53
        +2
        Quote: retired
        Well, when it is full, it’s not a kapets.

        Gifts.
        hi
        Well, damn it, everything about "Dawn" is in the know ... Hmm, our country is not that big. )))
        Once Dawn was commonplace - an ordinary summer bus on the water - a workhorse.
        Eheh.
        The waves from her were sickly, for a long time still felt along the shores))).
        winked
    2. Slavs69
      Slavs69 21 May 2015 10: 06
      +1
      ABOUT!!! spoke a little higher about her. Kapzdets is not kapzdets, but for its time it was. We already have none.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. 16112014nk
        16112014nk 21 May 2015 14: 01
        +2
        When I was in the 7th grade, the whole class went to the Zarya on a camping trip from Rzhev to Zubtsov. Personally, I liked it, it's a pity that I didn't have a chance to ride the Zarya again. Ship class!
    3. RUSS
      RUSS 21 May 2015 16: 45
      +1
      Quote: AlexSK
      Yes, it would not be bad to see such boats in Krasnoyarsk for different configurations, and to move to the cottages, including, otherwise we have Zarya (issue 70-80x), it’s just a big deal especially when it is full!

      And I remember in my childhood on the Volga in the "Polesie" swam
    4. Dikson
      Dikson 21 May 2015 17: 27
      +4
      No "Comet", "Meteor", "Rocket", or "Voskhod" will replace the old woman "Zarya" .. Because "Zarya" is the only one of them who does not need landing stages or stationary berths .. What you can see in the photo .. Yes. and she never had wings .. just a water cannon and a catamaran scheme .. And it will pass through any shallow water .. And hydrofoil ships, both river and sea, still require a certain depth of the fairway, and all the more depth at the quay wall .. I really had one episode in my childhood on one of the Yenisei canals .. - The Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric power station was making a discharge .. the skipper would be very elderly, there was little water .. well, very little .. And everyone wanted to go home. The passengers were unloaded onto the landing stage, and themselves on the "Raketa", at full speed - into the backwater, in the electronic warfare .. - I still remember how the wing shuffled along the bottom ..
      1. AzBooks
        AzBooks 21 May 2015 21: 13
        +2
        Quote: Dikson
        No "Comet", "Meteor", "Rocket", or "Voskhod" will replace the old woman "Zarya" .. Because "Zarya" is the only one of them who does not need landing stages or stationary berths ..

        Not the only one. "Moskva" also does not need it and comes out on the sloping coast with its nose. At Seliger they do just that.
        True, "Moskva" is a vessel of a different class and does not glide. But the comfort is incomparable.
    5. bddrus
      bddrus 23 May 2015 15: 19
      0
      Dawn and hydrofoils, as if not nearby.
  10. pensioner
    pensioner 21 May 2015 09: 49
    +4
    Another brainchild of the brilliant Alekseev is reborn from the ashes. Happy! good
    1. Babr
      Babr 23 May 2015 15: 27
      0
      Snot, sent on vacation from Sakhalin near Irkutsk.
      From Irkutsk on "Meteor".
      Indescribable feelings!!!!
  11. Tanker21
    Tanker21 21 May 2015 09: 52
    +6
    Americans were generally delighted with our boats. So we are on the right track, comrades !!!
  12. 0255
    0255 21 May 2015 10: 01
    +5
    Good luck to the designers! drinks Hope the new hydrofoil doesn't end in cut
  13. Diviz
    Diviz 21 May 2015 10: 25
    +2
    in the Astrakhan region when to appear. Passenger transportation collapsed. Volga is growing shallow. I was at the seaside about 20 years ago.
  14. tolyasik0577
    tolyasik0577 21 May 2015 10: 37
    +2
    class. Sea and river fleet is one of the cheapest types of transportation. by personal example: I don't know how it is now, but in the first decade of the 2000s and at the end of the 90s, just such ships stopped running between Ulyanovsk and Samara. 5 hours of a quiet trip along the Volga, without shaking, without sudden braking. In terms of comfort, "meteors" and "kamets" cannot be compared with buses. Yes, and from personal impressions, traveling by water cannot be compared with trips along the Russian off-road.
  15. Dan Slav
    Dan Slav 21 May 2015 10: 50
    +5
    Here in St. Petersburg, Meteors go to the Petrodvorets. Rocket used to go. It is more like old Rockets.
    It’s time to take up civil shipbuilding.
    The construction of new hydrofoil boats could be engaged in St. Petersburg.
    Make large panoramic windows, a transparent cabin roof, use a modern powerful and economical engine. Make a good soundproofing of the cabin.
    Make flights to Petrodvorets, Lomonosov, Kronstadt, Zelenogorsk, Vyborg.
    At this speed, you can swing at Finnish or Valaam.
    There would be no end to orders. And it’s not so difficult to build one.
    Not an aircraft carrier, tea! )))
    1. UNFAMILIAR
      UNFAMILIAR 22 May 2015 10: 19
      0
      Quote: Dan Slav
      The construction of new hydrofoil boats could be engaged in St. Petersburg.

      There are two ferries more than Olympia in the series, the Tallinn-Helsinki line.
  16. Grigorievich
    Grigorievich 21 May 2015 13: 51
    +2
    In Soviet times, the Comets walked along the entire coast of the Black Sea. Once they sailed from Tuapse to Novorossiysk and fell into a small storm, so he barely took his wife out of a ship in Gelendzhik.
    1. maai
      maai 21 May 2015 16: 29
      +5
      Quote: Grigorievich
      In Soviet times, the Comets walked along the entire coast of the Black Sea. Once they sailed from Tuapse to Novorossiysk and fell into a small storm, so he barely took his wife out of a ship in Gelendzhik.

      Did you like it that way ?! laughing
      1. AzBooks
        AzBooks 21 May 2015 21: 21
        +2
        Quote: maai
        Did you like it that way ?!

        Syutnyk ...
        laughing laughing laughing
  17. prawdawsegda
    prawdawsegda 21 May 2015 15: 02
    +3
    Once in childhood, 60-70 years, there was a lot of news about our technical achievements. Then stagnation is like a catastrophe. And now it is joyful that a technical rebirth is beginning. Go dear fellow citizens!
  18. maai
    maai 21 May 2015 16: 28
    +1
    Oh, plus! So what, but hydrofoils are sheer pluses! good
    1. Bayonet
      Bayonet 21 May 2015 18: 31
      +1
      Quote: maai
      hydrofoils are solid pluses!

      Advantages
      High speed
      Low wing drag
      Disadvantages
      The main disadvantage of these vessels is low profitability in comparison with low-speed displacement vessels.
      Low seaworthiness during waves, a large wave "rolls" under the bottom and the ship loses speed, goes into a displacement mode.
      The need for powerful and at the same time lightweight and compact engines (diesel engine, gas turbine engine) for “reaching wings”.
      Inability to approach unequipped parking.
  19. Archon
    Archon 21 May 2015 17: 06
    +2
    In Vladivostok, the Comet from Vladivostok to Slavyanka walks. but the tickets are expensive
  20. Grigorievich
    Grigorievich 21 May 2015 19: 41
    0
    Quote: maai
    Quote: Grigorievich
    In Soviet times, the Comets walked along the entire coast of the Black Sea. Once they sailed from Tuapse to Novorossiysk and fell into a small storm, so he barely took his wife out of a ship in Gelendzhik.

    Did you like it that way ?! laughing

    Rocked smile Excitement is not a very pleasant trip.
  21. TOR2
    TOR2 21 May 2015 20: 43
    +1
    It is planned to reduce fuel consumption by installing modern 16V2000 M72 engines with electronic fuel injection, manufactured by the German company MTU, and propellers with an increased efficiency

    Maybe domestic dizestroenie will begin to develop.
    In addition, the transport problem of the Kaliningrad region will only intensify. This is where large hydrofoil ferry vessels come in handy. It will be necessary to somehow solve the issue of fuel consumption. Why not connect Rosatom to the development of the power plant.
    1. archi.sailor
      archi.sailor 21 May 2015 23: 33
      +3
      on these ships (at least on the "Comets") there were M-50 Soviet V-shaped diesel engines of 1000 hp each. they were very voracious.
  22. AzBooks
    AzBooks 21 May 2015 20: 50
    +4
    In fact, outwardly, this is not a "New Comet" but a "New Rocket".
    But still good.
    It is necessary, it is necessary to restore what has been drained over the past decades.
    Eh, to launch a new Meteor on the Volga-mother.
  23. SPLV
    SPLV 22 May 2015 16: 43
    0
    Everything is beautiful and wonderful. Yes, here we are again stepping on the same rake.
    through the installation of modern engines 16V2000 M72 with electronic fuel injection, manufactured by the German company MTU

    Apparently, there were not enough ships, now the "gentlemen" want to burn themselves on ships in the same way. Oh well...
    How can you not recall Viktor Stepanovich "good luck to him" Chernomyrdin: "We wanted the best, but it turned out, as always."
  24. Alexey Koloskov
    Alexey Koloskov 12 September 2017 08: 15
    0
    Old hydrofoil ships were not very economical ... But what about the new models?
  25. Alexey Koloskov
    Alexey Koloskov 12 September 2017 08: 24
    0
    And how will things be with the economy and noise in the cabin?