Military Review

Cossacks in the Wehrmacht and the SS

37
In the previous article "The Cossacks in the Great Patriotic War" it was shown that, despite all the insults and atrocities of the Bolsheviks against the Cossacks, the overwhelming majority of Soviet Cossacks resisted the patriotic positions and took part in the war on the Red Army side. Most of the Cossacks in emigration also turned out to be opponents of fascism; many Cossack emigrants fought in the allied forces and participated in resistance movements of various countries. Many Cossacks in emigration, soldiers and officers of the white armies really hated the Bolsheviks. However, they understood that when an external enemy invades the land of your ancestors, political differences lose their meaning. General Denikin answered the German proposal for cooperation: "I fought with the Bolsheviks, but never with the Russian people. If I could become a general of the Red Army, I would show the Germans!" Ataman Krasnov held the opposite position: "Though with the devil, but against the Bolsheviks." And he really collaborated with the devil, with the Nazis, whose goal was the destruction of our country and our people. Moreover, as is usually the case, General Krasnov soon turned from calls to fight against Bolshevism to calls to fight against the Russian people. Two years later, from the beginning of the war, he declared: "Cossacks! Remember, you are not Russians, you are Cossacks, an independent people. Russians are hostile to you. Moscow has always been an enemy of Cossacks, crushed and exploited them. Now the time has come when we, Cossacks, can create its independent of Moscow life. " Cooperating with the Nazis who destroyed the Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians, Krasnov betrayed our people. Sworn by Hitler's Germany, he betrayed our country. Therefore, the death sentence imposed on him in January 1947 was quite fair. The assertion about the mass character of the transfer of emigre Cossacks to the side of the German army in World War II is a vile lie! In fact, only a few atamans and a number of Cossacks and officers went over to the side of the enemy along with Krasnov.


Cossacks in the Wehrmacht and the SS

Fig. 1. If the Germans had won, we all would have driven such Mercedes

The Great Patriotic War became a severe test for all Soviet peoples. Many of them have put the war before a difficult choice. And the Hitler regime made quite successful attempts to use a certain part of these peoples (including the Cossacks) in the interests of fascism. Forming military units from foreign volunteers, Hitler always protested against the creation of Russian units in the structure of the Wehrmacht. He did not trust Russians. Looking ahead, we can say that he was right: in 1945, the 1 Division KONR (Vlasovites) voluntarily withdrew from positions and went west to surrender to the Anglo-Americans, exposing the German front. But many generals of the Wehrmacht did not share the position of the Fuhrer. The German army, moving through the territory of the USSR, suffered huge losses. Against the background of the Russian 1941 campaign, the Western campaigns turned out to be an easy walk. Lost German divisions. Their qualitative composition has changed. On the endless expanses of the East European plain, landsknechts were placed in the ground, knowing the hop of victories and the sweetness of European triumph. Replaced by the dead-fledged militants came replenishment, which no longer had a sparkle in his eyes. Field generals, in contrast to the "parquet", did not disdain the Russians. Many of them by hook or by crook contributed to the formation of "native units" in their rear areas. Collaborators preferred to keep away from the front line, entrusting them with the protection of objects, communications and "dirty work" - the fight against guerrillas, saboteurs, encircling and carrying out punitive actions against the civilian population. They were called "hiwi" (from the German word Hilfswilliger, willing to help). Appeared in the Wehrmacht and the units formed from the Cossacks.

The first Cossack units appeared already in 1941 year. There were several reasons for this. Huge Russian open spaces, lack of roads, loss of vehicles, problems with the supply of fuel and lubricants simply pushed the Germans to the massive use of horses. In the German chronicle you rarely see a German soldier on a horse or a horse-drawn cannon: for propaganda purposes, the operators were instructed to remove the motorized units. In fact, the Hitlerites massively used horses in both the 1941 year and the 1945. Cavalry units were simply indispensable in the fight against partisans. In the woods, in the swamps, they outnumbered vehicles and armored personnel carriers, and moreover, they did not need gasoline. Therefore, the appearance of the Khivi detachments of the Cossacks who were able to handle horses was not obstructed. In addition, Hitler did not attribute the Cossacks to the Russians, considered them to be a separate people, descendants of the Ostrogoths, therefore the formation of the Cossack units did not meet with opposition from the NSDAP functionaries. Yes, there were a lot of those displeased with the Bolsheviks among the Cossacks, and the rasstaking policy conducted by the Soviet authorities for a long time made itself felt. One of the first in the Wehrmacht appeared Cossack part under the command of Ivan Kononov. August 22 1941 Commander 436 Regiment 155 Rifle Division Major Red Army Kononov I.N. built the personnel, announced his decision to move to the enemy and invited everyone to join him. So Kononov, the officers of his staff and several dozen Red Army regiments were taken prisoner. There Kononov "remembered" that he was the son of a Cossack есsaula, hanged by the Bolsheviks, that his three older brothers were killed in the struggle against the Soviet power, and yesterday’s member of the CPSU (B) and the military officer-order bearer became a convinced anti-communist. He declared himself a Cossack, an opponent of the Bolsheviks, and offered his services to the Germans in forming a military unit of the Cossacks who were ready to fight the communist regime. In the autumn of 1941, the counterintelligence officer of the 18 Army of the Reich, Baron von Kleist, made a proposal to form Cossack units that would fight the red partisans. October 6 Quartermaster General of the General Staff Lieutenant General E. Wagner, having studied his proposal, allowed the commanders of the rear areas of Army Groups North, Center and South to form Cossack units of prisoners of war for use in the fight against partisans. The first of these units was organized in accordance with the order of the commander of the rear area of ​​Army Group "Center" General von Schenkendorf from October 28 of October 1941. Originally a squadron was formed, the basis of which consisted of the soldiers of the 436 regiment. The squadron commander Kononov with the aim of recruiting made a voyage to the nearby camps for prisoners of war. The squadron that received reinforcements was later transformed into a Cossack division (1, 2, 3 th cavalry squadrons, 4, 5, 6 th plastiun companies, mortar and artillery batteries). The number of the division was 1799 people. The arsenal consisted of 6 field guns (76,2 mm), 6 anti-tank guns (45 mm), 12 mortars (82 mm), 16 heavy machine guns and a large number of light machine guns, rifles and machine guns. Not all captured Red Army men who declared themselves Cossacks were such, but the Germans tried not to delve into such subtleties. Kononov himself admitted that in addition to the Cossacks, who made up 60% of the personnel, under his command were representatives of all nationalities, including the Greeks and French. During 1941-1943, the division fought against partisans and rioters in the areas of Bobruisk, Mogilyov, Smolensk, Nevel and Polotsk. The division was given the designation Kosacken Abteilung 102, then it was changed to Ost.Kos.Abt.600. General von Shenkendorf was pleased with the “Kononists”, in his diary he described them as follows: “The mood of the Cossacks is good.


Fig. 2. Kazak collaborator Kononov I.N.

Former Don Ataman General Krasnov and Kuban Cossack General Shkuro became active conductors among the Cossacks for creating Cossack units in the Wehrmacht. In the summer of 1942, Krasnov published an appeal to the Cossacks of the Don, Kuban and Terek, in which he called them to fight with the Soviet authorities on the side of Germany. Krasnov said that the Cossacks would not fight against Russia, but against the Communists for the liberation of the Cossacks from the "Soviet yoke". A significant number of Cossacks joined the German army when the advancing units of the Wehrmacht entered the territory of the Cossack regions of the Don, the Kuban and the Terek. 25 July 1942 of the year, immediately after the German occupation of Novocherkassk, a group of Cossack collaborators officers appeared to the representatives of the German command and expressed their readiness to "help the valiant German troops in the final defeat of the Stalinist henchmen." In September, in Novocherkassk, with the approval of the occupying authorities, a Cossack gathering gathered at which the headquarters of the Don Army (from November 1942 was called the Headquarters of the Marching Ataman), headed by Colonel S.V. Pavlov, who began organizing Cossack units to fight against the Red Army. Of the volunteers of the Don villages in Novocherkassk, the 1-th Don Regiment under the command of Esaul A.V. Shumkov and the Plastun battalion, which formed the Cossack group of the Marching ataman, Colonel S.V. Pavlova. The 1 Sinegorsky Regiment was also formed on the Don as part of the 1260 Cossacks and officers under the command of the military foreman (former sergeant) Zhuravlev. Thus, despite active propaganda and promises, by the beginning of 1943, Krasnov managed to assemble on the Don only two small regiments. Of the Cossack hundreds, formed in the villages of the Uman department of the Kuban, under the leadership of the military foreman I.I. Salomakhi began the formation of the 1 of the Kuban Cossack Equestrian Regiment, and on the Terek at the initiative of the military foreman N.L. Kulakov 1 Volga Regiment Terek Cossack troops. Cossack regiments organized on the Don and Kuban in January-February 1943 participated in battles against the advancing Soviet troops in the Seversky Donets, near Bataysk, Novocherkassk and Rostov. In 1942, Cossack units began to appear as part of the Nazi troops and on other fronts.

Cossack cavalry regiment "Jungshulz" (Regiment von Jungschulz) was formed in the summer of 1942 as part of the 1st tank army in the area of ​​Achikulak. The regiment consisted of two squadrons (German and Cossack). The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel I. von Jungshulz. By the time of sending to the front, the regiment was replenished with two Cossack hundreds and a Cossack squadron formed in Simferopol. As of December 25, 1942, the regiment consisted of 1530 people, including 30 officers, 150 non-commissioned officers and 1350 privates, and was armed with 56 light and machine guns, 6 mortars, 42 anti-tank rifles, rifles and machine guns. Since September 1942, the Jungshulz regiment was on the left flank of the 1st Panzer Army in the area of ​​Achikulak - Budennovsk, fighting against the Soviet cavalry. In early January 1943, the regiment retreated northwest in the direction of the village of Yegorlykskaya, where it connected with units of the 4th Panzer Army. Subsequently, the Jungshulz regiment was subordinate to the 454th Security Division and transferred to the rear of Army Group Don.

13 June 1942 of the Cossack Cavalry Platov was formed from the Cossack hundreds of the 17 of the Germanic army. It consisted of 5 cavalry squadrons, a heavy squadron weaponsartillery battery and spare squadron. The commander of the regiment was appointed Wehrmacht Major E. Thomsen. In September 1942, the regiment carried the protection of the Maikop oil fields, and in January 1943 was transferred to Novorossiysk. There, together with German and Romanian troops, he conducted counter-partisan operations. In the spring of 1943, the regiment conducted defensive battles on the "Kuban bridgehead reinforcement," reflecting the attacks of the Soviet amphibious assault force northeast of Temryuk. At the end of May 1943, the regiment was removed from the front and relegated to the Crimea.

In accordance with the order of the German command from 18 June 1942, all the prisoners of war, who were Cossacks by origin and considered themselves as such, were to be sent to the Germans in a camp in the city of Slavuta. By the end of the month, the 5826 man of such a contingent was already concentrated here, and it was decided to form a Cossack corps and organize the appropriate headquarters. Since there was an acute shortage of senior and middle commanders among the Cossacks, they began to recruit ex-commanders of the Red Army, who were not Cossacks, in the Cossack units. Subsequently, at the headquarters of the formation, the 1 Cossack named after the ataman Count Platov opened the Junker School, as well as the noncommissioned officer school. First of all, the 1 Ataman Regiment, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Baron von Wolf, and a special fifty, designed to perform special tasks in the Soviet rear, were formed from the actual composition of the Cossacks. The Cossacks who fought during the civil war in the detachments of generals Shkuro, Mamantov and other White Guard units were selected. After checking and filtering the arriving replenishment, the formation of the 2-th of the Life-Cossack and 3-th Don Regiments was started, and after them the 4-th and 5-th Kuban, 6-th and 7-th Cossack-single regiments. 6 August 1942 Cossack units were transferred from the Slavutinsky camp in Shepetivka to the barracks specially reserved for them. By the autumn of 1942, the center for the formation of Cossack units in Shepetivka was formed by the 7 Cossack regiments. The last two of them - the 6 and 7 of the combined Cossack regiments were sent to the rear area of ​​the 3 tank army to fight the partisans. In the middle of November, the I and II divisions of the 6 regiment received the designations - 622 and 623 Cossack battalions, and the I and II divisions 7-X - 624 and 625 Cossack battalions. From January 1943, all four battalions were subordinated to the headquarters of the Eastern Special Forces Regiment 703, and later consolidated into the 750 th Eastern Special Purpose Regiment under the command of Major Evert Voldemar von Renteln. A former officer of the Life Guards Horse Regiment of the Russian Imperial Army, an Estonian citizen, he joined the Wehrmacht in 1939. From the beginning of the war, he served as a translator for the headquarters of the 5 armored division, where he formed a company of Russian volunteers. After the appointment of Renteln at the head of the four Cossack battalions, this company under the designation "638-I Cossack" remained in his personal possession. Tank emblems that were worn by some officers and soldiers of Renteln just pointed to their belonging to the 638 th company and were worn in memory of their service in the tank division. Some of its ranks participated in battles at the front as part of tank crews, as evidenced by the signs in the photographs for participation in tank attacks. In December 1942 - January 1943, the 622-625 battalions participated in counter-guerrilla operations in the Dorogobuzh region; in February-June 1943, in the area of ​​Vitebsk-Polotsk-Lepel. In the autumn of 1943 years 750-th regiment was transferred to France and is divided into two parts: 622 and 623 battalions with 638 a company under the command of Rentelna were included in 708-th Infantry Division of the Wehrmacht as a 750-th Cossack Grenadier Regiment (April 1944 years - 360-th), and 624 and 625 battalions - in the 344-th infantry division as the third battalion of the 854-th and 855-th grenadier regiments. Together with the German troops, the battalions were involved in the protection of the French coast from Bordeaux to Ruillon. In January, 1944, the 344 Division, together with the Cossack battalions, was redeployed to the mouth of the Somme. In August-September 1944, the 360 Cossack Regiment retreated to the German border. In the autumn of 1944 in the winter of 1945, the regiment acted against the Americans in the Black Forest area. At the end of January, 1945, along with the 5 Cossack training and reserve regiment, arrived in the city of Tsvetle (Austria).

By the middle of 1943, the Wehrmacht had already before the 20 Cossack regiments of different numbers and a solid number of small units, the total number of which amounted to 25 thousands of people. In total, according to experts, in the Wehrmacht, parts of the Waffen-SS and in the auxiliary police during the years of World War II served around 70 000 Cossacks, most of whom are former Soviet citizens who went over to Germany during the occupation. Military units were formed from the Cossacks, which later fought both on the Soviet-German front and against the Western allies - in France, in Italy and especially against the partisans in the Balkans. Most of these units carried guard and convoy service, participated in the suppression of the resistance movement of the Wehrmacht units in the rear, in the destruction of partisan detachments and "disloyal" to the Third Reich members of the civilian population, but there were Cossack units that the Nazis tried to use against the Red Cossacks with the goal so that the latter also went over to the side of the Reich. But it was a counterproductive idea. According to numerous testimonies, the Cossacks in the Wehrmacht tried to avoid direct confrontations with their blood brothers, they also went over to the Red Army.

Yielding to the pressure of the generals, Hitler in November 1942 of the year finally agreed to the formation of the 1 Cossack Cavalry Division. The German cavalry colonel von Pannwitz was instructed to form it from the Kuban and Terek Cossacks to protect the communications of the German army and the fight against partisans. Initially, the division was formed from prisoners of Red Army Cossacks, mainly from camps located in the Kuban. In connection with the Soviet offensive near Stalingrad, the formation of the division halted and continued only in the spring of 1943, after the withdrawal of German troops to the Taman Peninsula. Four regiments were formed: the 1 of Don, the 2 of Terek, the 3 of Cossack and 4 of Kuban, with a total of up to 6000 people. At the end of April, 1943, the regiments were sent to Poland at the Milau training ground in the city of Mława, where, since before the war, large stores of equipment for the Polish cavalry were located. Cossack regiments and police battalions, volunteers from the Cossack regions occupied by the Nazis, began to arrive there. The best of the front-line Cossack units, such as the Platov and Yunshultz regiments, the 1 and Ataman Wolf Regiment, and the 600 and Kononov Division, arrived. All arrived units were disbanded, and their personnel were reduced to the regiments of belonging to the Don, Kuban, Siberian and Terek Cossack troops. The commanders of the regiments, the chiefs of staff were the Germans. All senior command and economic positions were also occupied by Germans (222 officer, 3 827 soldiers and non-commissioned officers). The exception was the division of Kononov. Under the threat of rebellion, the 600 Division retained its composition and was transformed into the 5 Division of the Don Cossack Regiment. Kononov was appointed commander, all the officers remained in their posts. The division was the most "Russified" part of the Wehrmacht collaborationist formations. The junior officers, the commanders of equestrian units - squadrons and platoons - were Cossacks, the teams were given in Russian. After the formation of 1 on July 1943 was completed, Major General von Pannwitz was appointed commander of the 1 Cossack Cavalry Division. Language does not turn to call Helmut von Pannwitz "Cossack". A natural German, moreover, 100% Prussian, coming from a family of professional military men. In World War I fought for the Kaiser on the Western Front. Member of the Polish campaign 1939 year. Participated in the storming of Brest, for which he received the Knight's Cross. He was a supporter of attracting the Cossacks to the Reich service. Having become a Cossack general, defiantly wore a Cossack uniform: a hat and a Circassian with gaschroes, adopted the son of the regiment Boris Nabokov, learned Russian.


Fig. 3. Helmut von Pannwitz

At the same time, the 5 Cossack Training and Reserve Regiment under the command of Colonel von Bosse was formed not far from the Milau landfill. The regiment did not have a permanent composition, consisted of Cossacks, who arrived from the Eastern Front and the occupied territories and after training were distributed along the regiments of the division. With the 5 training reserve, a non-commissioned officer school was created, which trained personnel for the combatant units. Also, the School of Young Cossacks was organized - a cadet corps for teenagers who lost their parents (several hundreds of cadets).

The finally formed division consisted of: a headquarters with a convoy of hundreds, a feld gendarmerie unit, a motorcycle communications platoon, a propaganda platoon and a brass band. Two Cossack cavalry brigades: 1-th Don (1-th Don, 2-th Siberian and 4-th Kuban regiments) and 2-th Caucasian (3-th Kuban, 5-th Don and 6-th Terek regiments). Two cavalry-artillery battalions (Donskoy and Kuban), reconnaissance unit, demining battalion, communications battalion, divisional divisions of the medical service, veterinary service and supply. The regiments consisted of two equestrian divisions of a three-squadron squadron (in the 2-m Siberian regiment, the 2nd division was self-propelled, and in the 5-th Don regiment of Plastunsky), machine-gun, mortar and anti-tank squadrons. The regiment had 5 anti-tank guns (50-mm), 14 battalion (81-mm) and 54 rotary (50-mm) mortars, 8 machine guns and 60 light machine guns MG-42, German carbines and machine guns. The division counted 18 555 people, including 4049 Germans, 14315 Cossacks of the lower ranks and 191 Cossack officer.

The Germans allowed the Cossacks to wear the traditional form. As headdresses, the Cossacks used hats and cubes. The hat was a high fur hat made of black fur with a red bottom (at the Don Cossacks) or white fur with a yellow bottom (at the Siberian Cossacks). Kubanka, introduced in 1936 year and in the Red Army, was lower than the papakh and was used by the Kuban (red bottom) and Terek (light blue bottom) Cossacks. The bottom of the papas and the cubanes was additionally trimmed with silver or white galloon, located crosswise. In addition to fathers and cubanes, the Cossacks wore German-style headgear. Among the traditional clothing of the Cossacks can be called burka, bashlyk and Circassian. Burka - a fur cape of black camel or goat wool. Bashlyk - a deep hood with two long panels, wound like a scarf. Circassian - outerwear decorated with gas-holes on the chest. The Cossacks wore German gray breeches or breeches of traditional dark blue. The color of the stripes determined the belonging to one or another shelf. The Don Cossacks wore red 5 cm stripes, Kuban Cossacks had red 2,5 cm stripes, Siberian Cossacks had yellow 5 cm stripes, and Terek Cossacks had black 5 cm stripes with a narrow blue edging. At first, the Cossacks wore round cockades with two crossed white peaks on a red background. Later, large and small oval cockades appeared (respectively for officers and soldiers), painted in military colors.

There are several variants of the sleeve patches. The first time used stripes in the form of a shield. Along the top edge of the shield was an inscription (Terek, Kuban, Don), and under the inscription were horizontal color stripes: black, green, and red; yellow and green; yellow light blue and red; respectively. Later, simplified stripes appeared. On them, belonging to one or another Cossack army was denoted by two Russian letters, and below, instead of strips, was a square divided by four diagonals into four parts. The color of the top and bottom as well as the left and right sides is the same. The Don Cossacks had parts red and blue, the Terek ones had blue and black, and the Kuban ones had red and black. The patch of the Siberian Cossack army appeared later. The Siberian Cossacks had yellow and blue segments. Many Cossacks used German cockades. Cossacks who served in tank units wore “dead heads”. Standard German buttonholes, Cossack buttonholes, and also buttonholes of the Eastern legions were used. The shoulder straps were also varied. The elements of the Soviet uniform were widely used.


Fig. 4. Cossacks of the 1 Cossack Cavalry Division of the Wehrmacht

At the end of the formation of the division, the Germans faced the question: "What to do with it further?" Despite the repeated wishes of the personnel as soon as possible to get to the front, the Nazis did not strive for this. Even in the exemplary Kononov regiment there were cases of the transfer of the Cossacks to the Soviet side. And in other collaborationist units, they passed not only by singles, but also by whole groups, after interrupting the German and their officers. In August, the multinational team of collaborators Gil-Rodionova (1943 thousands of people) transferred to the partisans of Belarus in full 2 in Belarus. It was a state of emergency with large organizational conclusions. If the Cossack division rises to the side of the enemy, there will be much more problems. Moreover, already in the first days of the formation of the division, the Germans recognized the violent temper of the Cossacks. In the 3-th Kuban regiment, one of the cavalry officers sent from the Wehrmacht, making a review of "his" hundreds, caused a Cossack he didn’t like. At first he sternly scolded him, and then hit him in the face. He struck purely symbolically, in German, with a glove strapped from his hand. The insulted Cossack silently took out his sword ... and in the division one German officer became smaller. The rushed German authorities built a hundred: "Russish Schwein! Who did it, step forward!" Stepped all hundred. The Germans scratched their heads and ... the officer was "written off" to the partisans. And send these to the Eastern Front ?! The case of the Gil-Rodionov Brigade finally dotted the "i". In September, 1943, instead of the Eastern Front, the division was sent to Yugoslavia to fight with Tito's partisan army. There, in the territory of the Independent State of Croatia, the Cossacks fought against the Yugoslav People's Liberation Army. The German command in Croatia very quickly became convinced that the cavalry Cossack units in the fight against the partisans were much more effective than their motorized police battalions and Ustash troops. The division conducted five independent operations in the mountainous regions of Croatia and Bosnia, during which it destroyed many partisan strongholds and seized the initiative of offensive action. Among the local population, the Cossacks gained notoriety. In accordance with the orders of the command of self-sufficiency, they resorted to requisitioning horses, food and fodder from the peasants, which often resulted in mass robbery and violence. The villages, whose population was suspected of complicity with the partisans, were compared to the land by Cossacks. The fight against the partisans in the Balkans, as in all the occupied territories, was waged with great cruelty - on both sides. The guerrilla movement in the areas of responsibility of the division von Pannwitz quickly faded out and disappeared. This was achieved by a combination of well-conducted anti-partisan operations and cruelty against the partisans and the local population. Serbs, Bosnians and Croats Cossacks hated and feared.


Fig. 5. Cossack officer in the forests of Croatia

In March, the 1944 of the year as a special administrative and political body to attract the Cossacks to their side and control the Cossack units by the Germans formed the "Main Directorate of Cossack Troops" led by Krasnov. In August 1944, the Reichsführer SS Himmler, who was appointed commander-in-chief of the reserve army after the assassination attempt on Hitler, secured the transfer of all foreign military formations to the SS. A reserve of Cossack troops was created, recruiting volunteers to the Cossack units among prisoners of war and eastern workers, at the head of this structure was General Shkuro. It was decided to deploy a very effective Cossack division into the corps. Thus arose the 15 Cossack Cavalry Corps of the SS. The corps was completed on the basis of the already existing 1 Cossack cavalry division with the addition of Cossack units sent from other fronts. Two Cossack battalions from Krakow, the 69 police battalion from Warsaw, which took an active part in suppressing the Warsaw Uprising in August 1944, the factory guard battalion from Hanover, the 360 Cossack regiment von Renteln from the Western Front arrived. Through the recruiting staffs created by the Cossack Forces Reserve, more than 2 000 Cossacks from among the emigrants, prisoners of war, and Eastern workers were assembled, who were sent to recruit 1 Cossack Division. After the unification of most of the Cossack detachments, the total number of corps reached up to 25 000 soldiers and officers, including up to 5000 Germans. General Krasnov took an active part in the formation of the corps. The oath of 15 of the Cossack Cavalry Corps of the SS developed by Krasnov almost literally reproduced the text of the pre-revolutionary military oath, only "His Imperial Majesty" was replaced by the "Fuhrer of the German people Adolf Hitler", and "Russia" by "New Europe". General Krasnov himself took the military oath of the Russian Empire, but in 1941, he altered this oath and prompted many thousands of Cossacks to this. Thus, the oath of allegiance to the Russian Empire was replaced by Krasnov with the oath of allegiance to the Third Reich. This is a direct and undoubted betrayal of the motherland.

All this time, the corps continued to conduct combat operations with the Yugoslav partisans, and in December 1944 of the year entered into direct contact with the Red Army units on the Drava River. Contrary to the fears of the Germans, the Cossacks did not scatter, they fought hard and bitterly. During these battles, the Cossacks completely destroyed the 703 th rifle regiment of the 233 th Soviet rifle division, and the division itself inflicted a heavy defeat. In March, 1945, the 1 I Cossack Division, as part of the 15 Corps, fought hard battles at Lake Balaton, successfully operating against Bulgarian units. By order of 25.02.1945, the division was already officially transformed into the XV Cossack Cavalry Corps of the SS. It had little effect on the division itself, practically nothing. The form remained the same, the skull with bones did not appear on the fur hats, the Cossacks continued to wear their old buttonholes, the soldiers' books did not even change. But organizationally the corps was part of the "black order" military structure, SS liaison officers appeared in the units. However, the Cossacks were not for long the fighters of Himmler. April 20 Corps was transferred to the armed forces of the Committee for the Liberation of the Peoples of Russia (CONR) General Vlasov. In addition to all their previous sins and labels: "enemies of the people", "traitors to the Motherland", "punitive" and "SS", the corps Cossacks received in the appendage also "Vlasov".


Fig. 6. Cossacks XV Cavalry Corps of the SS

At the final stage of the war, the Kalmyk regiment (up to 15 people), the Caucasian Equestrian Division, the Ukrainian SS battalion and the ROA tank group also operated as part of the KNP 5000 Cossack Corps. Taking into account these formations under the command of Lieutenant General, and from 1 February 1945, the group of the SS troops, G. von Panwitz was 30-35 thousands of people.

Of the other Cossack units of the Wehrmacht, the Cossacks, united in the so-called Cossack Stan, under the command of the marching ataman Colonel S.V. Pavlova. After the Germans retreated, Don, Kuban, and Terek, along with the Cossack detachments, left part of the civilian population who believed in fascist propaganda and feared reprisals from the Soviet government. Cossack Stan counted up to 11 Cossack foot regiments, just under the command of the Marching Ataman Pavlov was up to 18 000 Cossacks. After some Cossack units were sent to Poland to form the 1 Cossack Cavalry Division, the main center of Cossack refugees who left their lands along with the retreating German troops became the headquarters of the Ataman of the Don Cossack Army in Kirovograd. Pavlova. By the autumn of 1943, two new regiments, 8 and 9, were formed here. For the training of commanders, it was planned to open an officer’s school, as well as a school of tankers, but these projects could not be implemented because of the new Soviet offensive. Due to the danger of the Soviet environment in March 1944, Cossack Stan (including women and children) began to move west to Sandomir, and then was transported to Belarus. Here, the Wehrmacht command provided for the Cossacks 180 thousands of hectares of land in the area of ​​the cities of Baranovichi, Slonim, Novogrudok, Yelnya, Stolitsy. The refugees settled in the new place were grouped by belonging to different troops, districts and divisions, which outwardly reproduced the traditional system of Cossack settlements. At the same time, a broad reorganization of Cossack combat units was undertaken, united in the 10 foot regiments of each of the 1200 bayonets. The 1 and 2 Don regiments comprised the 1 brigade of Colonel Silkin; 3 th Don, 4 th Cossack, 5 th and 6 th Kuban and 7 th Tersky - 2 brigade of Colonel Vertepov; 8 th Don, 9 th Kuban and 10 th Terek-Stavropol - 3 brigade of Colonel Medynsky (later the composition of the brigades changed several times). Each regiment had a 3 Plastun battalion, a mortar and anti-tank batteries. For their weapons was used Soviet captured weapons provided by the German field arsenals.

In Belarus, the March Ataman group ensured the security of the rear areas of the Army Group Center and fought against the partisans. 17 June 1944 of the year, during one of the anti-partisan operations, the Camp Ataman of the Cossack Camp S.V. was killed. Pavlov (according to other sources, because of poor coordination of actions, fell under the "friendly" fire of policemen). A military sergeant T.I. was assigned to his place. Domanov. In July, 1944, due to the threat of a new Soviet offensive, Cossack Stan was withdrawn from Belarus and concentrated in the area of Zdunska Wola in northern Poland. From here began its transfer to Northern Italy, where the territory adjacent to the Carnic Alps with the cities of Tolmezzo, Gemon and Ozoppo was allocated to accommodate the Cossacks. Here the Cossacks formed a special settlement "Cossack Stan", which came under the command of the SS commander and police of the Adriatic coastal zone of the Ober Ober Gruppenführer SS. Globocnik, who instructed the Cossacks to provide security on the lands granted to them. On the territory of Northern Italy, the combat units of the Cossack Mill underwent another reorganization and formed the Group of Marching Ataman (also called the Corps) within two divisions. The 1 Cossack Foot Division (Cossacks from 19 to 40 years) included the 1 and 2 of the Don, 3 of the Kuban and 4 of the Terek-Stavropol Regiment, consolidated into the 1 of the Don and 2 of the Combined Plastun brigades, as well as headquarters and transport companies, equestrian and gendarme squadrons, a communications company and an armored squadron. The 2 Cossack Foot Division (Cossacks from 40 to 52 years) consisted of the 3 Joint Plastun Brigade, including the 5 Joint Cossack and 6 Don Regiment, and the 4 Joint Brigade, and the NNXX Don Regiment, and the 3 Joint Brigade, and unpacked, unpacked, unpacked, and unpacked the squad; the regiment, the three battalions of the stanitsa’s self-defense (Donskoy, Kuban and the Combined Cossack) and the Special Detachment of Colonel Grekov. In addition, the Group had the following parts: the 1 Cossack Horse Regiment (6 squadrons: 1, 2 and 4 Don, 2 Terek-Don, 6 Kuban and 5 Officer), Atamansky convoy horse regiment (5 squadrons), 1-e Cossack Junker School (2 teapots, company of heavy weapons, artillery battery), separate divisions - officer, gendarme and commandant on foot, as well as disguised as a driving school, Special Cossack puppies, I am parashy school teaches. ). According to some data, a separate Cossack group “Savoya”, brought to Italy from the Eastern front together with the remnants of the Italian 8 army back in 1943, was attached to the front lines of the Cossack Mill. Armed parts of the Marching Ataman Group had over 900 light and heavy machine guns of various systems (Soviet Maxim, DP (Degtyarev Infantry) and DT (Degtyarev Tank), German MG-34 and Schwarzlose, Czech Zbroevka, Italian Breda "and" Fiat ", French" Hotchkiss "and" Shosh ", English" Vikkers "and" Lewis ", American" Colt "), 95 of company and battalion mortars (mainly of Soviet and German production), more than 30 of Soviet 45-mm anti-tank guns and 4 field guns (76,2-mm), as well as 2 light armored vehicles repulsed from the party en. On 27 on April 1945, the number of Cossack Mill was 31 463 man. Realizing that the war was lost, the Cossacks developed a plan of salvation. They decided to withdraw from retaliation into the territory of the British occupation zone in East Tyrol with the purpose of "honorable" surrender to the British. In May 1945, the Cossack Mill moved to Austria, in the area of ​​the city of Linz. Later, all of its residents were arrested by the British and transferred to the Soviet counterintelligence agencies. The Cossack Administration, headed by Krasnov and his military units, were also arrested in the area of ​​the city of Judenburg, and then also extradited by the British to Soviet bodies. Nobody was going to conceal punitive and obvious traitors. In early May, the marching chieftain von Pannwitz also led his corps to Austria. With the battle through the mountains, the corps went to Carinthia (southern Austria), where 11-12 May laid down their arms in front of the British. Cossacks were distributed in several camps for prisoners of war in the vicinity of Linz. Pannwitz and other Cossack leaders did not know that these maneuvers did not solve anything. At the Yalta conference, Great Britain and the United States signed an agreement with the USSR, under which they pledged to extradite Soviet citizens who were in their zones of occupation. Now it’s time to fulfill our promises. Illusions about what awaits the deported, neither the British nor the American command did not feed. But if the Americans reacted to this case carelessly, and as a result, a huge number of former Soviet citizens avoided returning to the Soviet homeland, then His Majesty’s citizens precisely fulfilled their obligations. Moreover, the British did even more than the Yalta agreements demanded of them, and even 1,500 Cossack emigrants, who had never been USSR citizens and left their homeland after the defeat in the civil war, were given over to the SMERSH. And just a few weeks after being surrendered, in June 1945 of the year, over 40 thousands of Cossacks, including Cossack commanders General P.N. and S.N. Krasnov, T.I. Domanov, Lieutenant-General Helmut von Pannwitz, Lieutenant-General A.G. Skins were issued to the Soviet Union. In the morning, when the Cossacks gathered to build, the British suddenly appeared. The soldiers began to seize unarmed people and drive them into the lodged trucks. Those who tried to resist were shot on the spot.


Fig. 7. British internment of the Cossacks near Linz

A few hours later, a convoy of trucks with traitors crossed the checkpoint at the border of the Soviet occupation zone. Soviet court punished the Cossacks according to the severity of their sins. They did not shoot them, but the deadlines gave them "non-child". Most of the issued Cossacks received long periods in the Gulag, and the Cossack elite, who acted on the side of Nazi Germany, were sentenced to death by hanging by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR. The sentence began as follows: On the basis of the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR No. 39 of 19 on April 1943 of the Year “On penalties for German fascist villains guilty of murders and tortures of Soviet civilians and captured Red Army soldiers, for spies who were traitors from Soviet civilians and for their accomplices "... etc. Simultaneously with the USSR, Yugoslavia was urgently demanding the Cossacks. 15 corps soldiers were accused of numerous crimes against civilians. If the Cossacks were extradited to the Tito government, their fate would have been much sadder. Helmut von Pannwitz was never a Soviet citizen and therefore was not subject to extradition to the Soviet authorities. But when representatives of the USSR arrived at the English prisoner of war camp, Pannwitz went to the camp commandant and demanded that he be included among the repatriated. He said: "I sent the Cossacks to death - and they went. They chose me as chieftain. Now we have a common destiny." Perhaps this is only a legend, and Pannwitz was simply taken along with others. But this story lives about "Father Pannwitz" in certain Cossack circles.

The trial of the Cossack generals of the Wehrmacht took place in the walls of the Lefortovo prison behind closed doors from 15 to 16 in January of 1947. 16 January in 15: 15 judges retired for sentencing. The verdict was announced in 19: 39: “The Military Collegium of the USSR Supreme Court sentenced generals PN PN Krasnov, S.N. Krasnov, SG Shkuro, von Pannwitz G., as well as the leader of Caucasians Sultan Kelec-Girey to the death penalty for conducting, through the groups they formed, armed struggle against the Soviet Union. " On 20: 45 of the same day, the sentence was carried out.

Least of all, we would like the Cossacks of the Wehrmacht and the SS to be perceived as heroes. No, they are not heroes. And do not judge them on the Cossacks as a whole. In that difficult time, the Cossacks made a completely different choice. While in the Wehrmacht one Cossack division and several other small formations fought, in the Red Army more than seventy Cossack corps, divisions and other formations fought on the Great Patriotic War fronts, and the Soviet command did not bother with the questions: "Are these units reliable?", "Not Is it dangerous to send them to the front? " It was quite the opposite. Hundreds of thousands of Cossacks selflessly and heroically defended, albeit not the regime, but their homeland. Modes come and go, but the motherland remains. Here they are - really heroes.

But life is striped, the strip is white, the strip is black, the strip is colored. And for state patriotism and heroism, there are also black stripes, which is not surprising for Russia. In this regard, three centuries ago, Field Marshal Saltykov said at a reception at the Empress Elizaveta Petrovna about the Russian society the classic phrase: "With patriotism in Russia it was always hrenovat. Every fifth ready patriot, every fifth ready traitor, and three out of five like something in a hole hanging out depending on what kind of king. If the king is a patriot, then they seem to be patriots, if the king is a traitor, then they are always ready. Therefore, the main thing, Sir, is for Russia to be, and then we will manage. " For three centuries, nothing has changed, and now the same thing. Following the tsar-traitor Gorbachev, the collaborator-king Yeltsin came. And in 1996, many of the executed Cossack generals of the Wehrmacht were rehabilitated by the collaborationist government of Russia according to the decision of the Chief Military Prosecutor's Office, with the tacit consent of the masses, and some also clapped their hands. However, the patriotic part of society was outraged by this, and soon the decision to rehabilitate was canceled as unreasonable, and in 2001, already under a different power, the same Main Military Prosecutor's Office decided that the Cossack commanders of the Wehrmacht were not subject to rehabilitation. But collaborators are not appeased. In 1998, in Moscow, in the area of ​​the Sokol metro station, a memorial plate was installed. Skins, G. von Pannwitz and other Cossack generals of the Third Reich. The liquidation of this monument was undertaken on legal terms, but the neo-Nazi and collaborationist lobby in every way impeded the destruction of this monument. Then, on the eve of Victory Day 2007, the slab with the names of collaborators from the Great Patriotic War, carved on it, was simply broken by unidentified persons. A criminal case was initiated, which did not reach completion. Today in Russia there is a monument to the very Cossack units that were part of the army of the Third Reich. The memorial was opened in 2007 year in the village Elanskaya Rostov region.

Diagnosis and preparation of causes, effects, sources, sources and stories Russian collaborationism is not only theoretical, but also of great practical interest. Not a single significant event in Russian history has been done without the pernicious influence and active participation of defectors, traitors, defeatists, capitulators and collaborators. The position quoted above, formulated by Field Marshal Saltykov regarding the peculiarities of Russian patriotism, provides the key to the explanation of many mysterious and incredible events in Russian history and life. Moreover, it is easily extrapolated and extended to other key areas of our public consciousness: politics, ideology, the state idea, morality, morality, religion, etc. There are no spheres in our social, cultural and political life where militant activists of certain extreme currents and points of view would not be represented, but the stability of society and the situation are not given by them, but by the very "three of five" who are oriented toward power, and above all to the king. And in this connection, the words of Saltykov highlight the colossal role of the Russian tsar (the secretary general, the president, the leader — no matter what his name is) in all spheres and events of our life. In some articles of this series many of such incredible, at first glance, events of our history were shown. In them, our people, led by the "right" kings, turned out to be capable of an incredible rise, feats and sacrifices for the sake of the Motherland in 1812 and in 1941-1945. But with the useless, worthless, and corrupt kings, this same people turned out to be able to upset and rape their own country and plunge it into the bloody orgy of the 1594-1613 of the Troubles or the revolution and the subsequent civil war of 1917-1921. Moreover, the God-bearing people under the satanic power proved capable of crushing a thousand-year-old religion and outraging temples and its own spirit. The monstrous triad of our time already: perestroika — shootout — restoration of the national economy — also fits into this vile series. Adherents of evil and good beginnings are always present in our lives, these very “every fifth” people who constitute the active lobby of patriotism and collaborationism, religion and atheism, morality and depravity, order and anarchy, law and crime, etc. But even under these conditions, the unruly king, under whose influence these same “three of the five” join the adherents of disorder, depravity, anarchy and ruin, can lead to excesses and bacchanalia the people and the country. A completely different result is achieved with the “journey” king, who will indicate the correct Path, and then besides adherents of order and creation, these same “three of five” will also join them. Our current president has long been showing an enviable example of political dexterity and agility in countering the various challenges of his contemporary world. He managed to curb the entropy and orgy of 80-90's collaborationist board, successfully intercept and ride the social and national-patriotic part of the rhetoric and ideology of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation and the LDPR, attract the electorate and achieve stability and high rating. But under other circumstances, these very “three of five” will easily go over to another “king”, even if it be a devil with horns, which has happened more than once in our history. In these seemingly perfectly clear conditions, the most important of the questions of our modern life is the question of the continuity of the "royal" power, more precisely the power of the first person, with the aim of continuing the course towards sustainable development. At the same time, with all the importance of this issue, one of the biggest mysteries of Russian history is that so far it has not been completely resolved positively and constructively in relation to our conditions.

In former centuries, the country was hostage to the feudal system of the succession with its unpredictable dynastic and gerontological twists. Monstrous and tragic examples of the genealogical and genetic mutations of the royal families and the aged schizophrenia of the aged monarchs finally passed the death sentence on the feudal system of power. The situation was aggravated by acute interpersonal and group contradictions. As the historian Karamzin also noted, in Russia, with the rarest exception, each subsequent king began his rule by pouring mud on the previous one, although he was his father or brother. The next bourgeois-democratic system of change and succession of power was built on the laws of political Darwinism. But the long history of multi-party democracy has shown that it is far from being productive for all human populations. In Russia, it lasted only a few months after the February revolution and led to complete paralysis of power and the disintegration of the country. After the overthrow of autocracy and February democracy, neither Lenin, nor Stalin, nor the Communist Party of the Soviet Union solved the problem of the continuity of the “tsarist” power. The monstrous fights for power between the heirs after Lenin and Stalin are a shame of the system they created. A repeated attempt to introduce bourgeois democracy in the USSR during the period of perestroika again led to the paralysis of power and the collapse of the country. Moreover, the phenomenon that gave rise to the CPSU in the form of Gorbachev and his clique, perhaps, has no analogues in world history. The system itself has degenerated the grave diggers for themselves and the country, and they have done their crime almost out of the blue. Legend has it that Socrates, in a drunken state, argued with a drinking companion per liter of white, that he would destroy Athens with his own language. And won. I do not know with whom and what Gorbachev was arguing with, but he even managed to get “better”. He destroyed everything with his own language and created a “catastroika”, and without repressions, with his own language, he obtained a tacit consent to the surrender of 18 to millions of CPSU members, several million employees, officers and employees of the KGB, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Soviet Army and approximately so many same non-party activists. Moreover, millions of people did not just silently agree, but also clapped their hands. In this multimillion army there was not a single real guard, who, from past experience, even tried to strangle the traitors with his officer's scarf, although these scarves hung in the wardrobe several million. But it's all so bad, it's a story. The trouble is that the problem has not been solved yet. The story of Medvedev's regency is a clear confirmation of this. But, as the experience of many countries shows, to create a stable and productive system of continuity of the power of the first person with the aim of continuing the course towards sustainable development, democracy is not at all obligatory, although it is desirable. What is needed is responsibility and political will. In China, there is no democracy, and every 10 years there is a planned change of supreme power, there is not waiting for the death of the "king."

In general, it is very alarming for the future. Typical bourgeois democracy in our conditions does not inspire confidence and optimism. After all, the mental characteristics of our people and its leaders are not very different from the mentality of the people and leaders of Ukraine, and, if they are different, for the worse. The unresolved issue of the continuity of power and course will lead the country to a catastrophe, in comparison with which the restructuring is the flowers.

Issues of economic and social injustice have become powerfully layered on the unresolved political processes of late. At present, working people are becoming acutely aware of this problem. Even in the non-profile “VO” for this topic, sharp articles on social injustice have recently appeared (“Gentlemen’s Salaries”, “Ural Worker’s Letter,” etc.). Their rating exceeds the limit, and their comments clearly and unequivocally indicate the beginning of the process of accumulation of social entropy in the working class. Reading these articles and comments to them, one involuntarily recalls the words spoken in the State Duma P.A. Stolypin, that there is no more greedy and shameless gentleman and bourgeois in the world than in Russia, and that it is not for nothing that the expressions “kulak-world-eater” and “bourgeois-world-eater” appeared in Russian. Then Stolypin unsuccessfully urged the gentlemen and the bourgeoisie to moderate their greed and change the type of social behavior, otherwise predicted a catastrophe. They did not change the type of behavior, did not moderate greed, a catastrophe took place, the people cut them up like pigs for greed. Now it is even more interesting. In the 80-90 years, the decayed and reborn partner nomenclature, in addition to unlimited power, wanted to become a bourgeoisie, i.e. under its lifetime, the factories, factories, houses, and steamships made by it are inherited property. A powerful propaganda campaign was launched to criticize socialism and praise capitalism. Our gullible and naive people believed, and suddenly, with some kind of fright, decided that they could not live without the bourgeoisie. After that, he gave out free passes to the bourgeoisie and an unprecedented credit of social and political trust, which was completely democratic, to the nomenclature, liberals and co-operators, which they squandered and continue to squander. Something similar was already in Russian history and is described in more detail in the article “The Last Great Cossack Riot. The Rise of Yemelyan Pugachev”.

It seems that the matter will again end with the cutting of the gentlemen. But God forbid see Russian revolt, senseless and merciless. And the blame for everything again will be the master's and bourgeois greed, just as senseless and merciless. Best of all, if this most odious part of the comprador and criminal bourgeoisie and the nomenklatura Putin will be engaged in a planned manner. But, apparently, not destiny, he has some agreement with them. Such consent breeds permissiveness and impunity, further corrupts the masters and the bourgeoisie, and all this richly nourishes and stimulates corruption. This situation simply infuriates honest people, regardless of social status, standard of living and education. What the working class says and thinks about in the kitchens and over a glass of tea is simply impossible to convey in the language of normative vocabulary. But mankind has accumulated in its history of tremendous experience in the fight against corruption and overdue oligarchy.

At the end of the 20 century, Singapore’s prime minister, Lee Kuan Yew, continued unabated from 1959 to 1990 year. People say that in the last years of his life he was considered an adviser to our president. Although the east is a delicate matter, the recipes of Lee Kuan Yew are disgraceful and simple. He said: “To fight corruption is simple. It is necessary that there is a person upstairs who is not afraid to plant their friends and relatives. Start by planting three of your friends. You know exactly why, and they know exactly what. ”

It was during such a difficult period of our history - Gorbachev's restructuring, the Yeltsin "reforms" and Putin's "managed democracy" - an attempt was made to revive the Cossacks. But, like all the events of this period and our time, this revival takes place quite ambiguously against the general background of economic and political turmoil, often raising more questions than answers. But that's another story.
Author:
Articles from this series:
Siberian Cossack Epic
Old Cossack ancestors
Cossacks and the annexation of Turkestan
Education Volga and Yaitsky Cossack Troops
Cossacks in Time of Troubles
Seniority (education) and the formation of the Don Cossack troops in the Moscow service
Azov seat and the transition of the Don troops in the Moscow service
Formation of the Dnieper and Zaporizhia troops and their service to the Polish-Lithuanian state
The transfer of the Cossack army hetman to the Moscow service
Treason of Mazepa and the pogrom of Cossack liberties by Tsar Peter
The uprising of Pugachev and the elimination of the Dnieper Cossacks by Empress Catherine
Cossacks in World War 1812 of the year. Part I, pre-war
Cossacks in World War 1812 of the year. Part II, the invasion and expulsion of Napoleon
Cossacks in World War 1812 of the year. Part III, foreign campaign
Formation of the Kuban Army
The feat of the young Platov (Battle of the Kalalah on the third of April, 1774)
Education Orenburg Cossack troops
Cossacks before the World War
Cossacks and the First World War. Part I, pre-war
Cossacks and the First World War. Part II, 1914 year
Cossacks and the First World War. Part III, 1915 year
Cossacks and the First World War. Part IV. 1916 year
Cossacks and the First World War. Part V. The Caucasian Front
Cossacks and the February Revolution
Cossacks and the October Revolution
Cossacks in the Civil War. Part I. 1918 year. The origin of the white movement
Cossacks in the Civil War. Part II. 1918 year. In the fire of fratricidal Troubles
Cossacks in the Civil War. Part III. 1919 year. Russian Vendée
Cossacks in the Civil War. Part IV. And for what they fought?
Cossacks in World War II
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  1. Good cat
    Good cat 21 May 2015 08: 04
    19
    The article is good, the photo is not enough. "Cuban" on the chevron, traitors, they are traitors. Denikin did not go to the service of the Germans, although he was very much called.
    1. Nicholas C.
      Nicholas C. 21 May 2015 09: 06
      +3
      Who is "Sergei Volgin"? Something I did not find such a "historian" on the Internet. It seems that the Ministry of Truth ("Minstets") and its Svidomo fighting trolls are not asleep for the State Department money.

      Otherwise how to understand it.
      Quote: Author Sergey Volgin
      They preferred to keep the collaborators away from the front line, entrusting them with the protection of facilities, communications and "dirty work" - fighting partisans, saboteurs, encircled people and carrying out punitive actions against the civilian population. They were called "hivi" (from the German word Hilfswilliger, willing to help).

      There were armed units of traitors in the SS, in Abwehr, in the police. But what does the Heavi have to do with them? (Unarmed prisoners of war, used by the Wehrmacht in auxiliary, sapper, construction, supply, etc. works). When did Hitler decide to arm them? Order No.? Svidomye and liberalists and in their pedies include this wording. But the tyrant Stalin did not know this, and the Khivi, after checking (filtering) for involvement in serious crimes at home, released them. But the cheating trick here is that there were a lot of Khivis, and if you rank them among traitors who fought with weapons in their hands against their people, you get a figure that Svidomites and liberals like. At the same time, to show the Jesuit demagogy that there were a lot of Russian traitors, they ranked SS divisions, police guard battalions, etc. formed from Galician, Baltic, etc.
      And it goes without saying that white emigrants who have nothing to do with the USSR (by citizenship, oath, etc.) to obtain the effect of mass character. Then they say: you, Russians, a million traitors.

      The whole text consists of Jesuit distortions such as:
      Quote: Author Sergey Volgin
      Even in the exemplary regiment of Kononov, there were cases of Cossacks moving to the Soviet side. And in other collaborationist units passed not only by loners, but by entire groups

      However, April 15, 1943 in this regiment, most of the 3rd and 4th squadrons, as well as the artillery division, having killed the German signalmen and Cossack officers, went into the woods to the partisans.

      Etc.
      1. Russian Uzbek
        Russian Uzbek 21 May 2015 10: 20
        0
        all the scribble about the Cossack traitors is so for the seed! the most interesting begins with the words:
        "" Diagnostics and preparation of causes, effects, sources, origins and history of Russian collaborationism "
        and how the apotheosis:
        "" It looks like the case will again end up cutting out the gentlemen. But God forbid to see the Russian revolt, senseless and merciless. And the blame for everything will again be the master's and bourgeois greed, the same senseless and merciless. It is best if Putin will deal with this most odious part of the comprador and criminal bourgeoisie and nomenklatura in a planned manner ""
        that is, the article was clearly written by one of the Cossack "nationalists" (a Cossack is not an estate! aha) who have everything in their heads confused and who shout: "Putin is our king!" monuments to Putin and next to them are monuments to the murderers of the Russian people Dutov, Kaledin, Krasnov, etc.
      2. vladimirZ
        vladimirZ 21 May 2015 13: 16
        +5
        Best of all, if Putin will deal with this most odious part of the comprador and criminal bourgeoisie and nomenclature in a planned manner.
        But, apparently, not fate, he has UNTIL some agreement with them.
        Such consent breeds permissiveness and impunity, further corrupts the gentlemen and the bourgeoisie, and all this abundantly feeds and stimulates corruption.
        This situation simply infuriates honest people, regardless of social status, standard of living and education.
        What the working class says and thinks about it in kitchens and over a "glass of tea" is simply impossible to convey in the language of normative vocabulary.
        But humanity has accumulated over its history a colossal experience in the fight against corruption and the presumptuous oligarchy.

        At the end of the 20th century, Singapore Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew, especially unchanged from 1959 to 1990, excelled and succeeded. People say that in the last years of his life he was considered an adviser to our president.
        Although the east is a delicate matter, Lee Kuan Yu’s recipes are ugly simple and obvious.
        He said: “Fighting corruption is easy. It is necessary that there was a man upstairs who is not afraid to plant his friends and relatives. Start by planting your three friends. You know exactly why, and they know exactly why ”
        .

        (from the article by Sergey Volgin)

        For these words, the author thanks a lot and thank you. Sore.
        1. Karabanov
          Karabanov 23 May 2015 16: 37
          +2
          Quote: vladimirZ
          For these words, the author thanks a lot and thank you. Sore.

          Yes, the article is good, detailed. And the author summarized the findings correct and relevant. Plus unconditional.
    2. volot-voin
      volot-voin 21 May 2015 14: 04
      +6
      Quote: Good cat
      traitors, they are traitors.

      Rulers and authorities are changing, the homeland remains.
  2. Vladimirets
    Vladimirets 21 May 2015 08: 05
    +9
    It is difficult to judge who was guided by what principles and considerations, but, for example, Denikin did not serve the Germans.
  3. tunes
    tunes 21 May 2015 08: 16
    +6
    very good interesting and informative article
    EXPRESSION Saltykova even wrote about patriots
    1. Altona
      Altona 22 May 2015 23: 56
      0
      Quote: airs
      very good interesting and informative article
      EXPRESSION Saltykova even wrote about patriots

      -------------------------
      An ambiguous article, too ... They started about the Cossacks, finished about the revolution ...
  4. captain
    captain 21 May 2015 08: 24
    21
    I recall the words from one movie :-) you can hate the Bolsheviks, you can not betray the homeland. There is an interesting book of cavalry general Belov, during the war years he commanded the 2 mth Guards cavalry corps. He recalls such an incident :-) when breaking out of the environment in 1942, during the attack, a Cossack sergeant was next to him. The look of this Cossack was cruel and mocking. During the conversation, it turned out that this sergeant during the Civil War was the commander of one of the regiments of the incorporated Cossacks. Then he hid in Kazakhstan in the mines, and when the war broke out he went to the front. This Cossack asked Belov :-) why did he go to war? He replied that he didn’t go to fight for the red general Belov and to smuggle him, but for Russia. So one can hate, one cannot betray.
    1. cosmos111
      cosmos111 21 May 2015 08: 56
      12
      Quote: captain
      I recall the words from one movie :-) you can hate the Bolsheviks, you can not betray the homeland.

      and, from my life ... my family was dispossessed in the 30's, one half was sent to Siberia, the other remained ((escaped))) near Stalingrad in the Volga steppes ... they hated the Soviet regime fiercely ...

      BUT A Cousin Grandfather ALEXANDER AT 17-YEARS WAS GOING A VOLUNTEER ... fought in the Marine Corps ... died in Stalingrad at the beginning of the 43-year ...
      his surname Knizhnikov, is on the lists of the victims of the memorial Mamaev Kurgan ...
    2. vladkavkaz
      vladkavkaz 21 May 2015 09: 46
      +1
      captain
      In that case, read.
      http://www.sovsekretno.ru/articles/id/4784
      They also "loved their homeland", so to speak, with a strange love, as part of a foreign army with frankly black souls and thoughts?
      You can recall the story in Linz, Austria, the extradition of the Union, Cossack Judas, who fought against their homeland.
      You can also recall 1942, when the rebellious Cossack women killed commanders and political workers during an unsuccessful offensive for us .. Aren't they muddying the water there- "This Cossack looked cruel and mocking. During the conversation, it turned out that this sergeant was in the civilian years. war was the commander of one of the regiments of the reigning Cossacks "?
  5. inkass_98
    inkass_98 21 May 2015 08: 50
    +8
    A "general" Shkuro became a general from the Esauls during the Civil War. At the same time, his wonderful surname SHKURA began to be spelled Shkuro. But he was a skin, and he remained with it. He fought bravely against the Germans in WWI, was awarded the St. George's weapon, but became famous for his cruelty to his compatriots in the Civil War. It is a pity that the Reds did not shoot then, he managed to go abroad. But he did not escape his fate.
  6. Yuri Balika
    Yuri Balika 21 May 2015 08: 58
    +4
    Blaming it is always easy. The propaganda machine of Germany was exemplary and ingenious, and therefore it’s easy to win the Cossacks and other discontented / embittered / repressed / persecuted by the Soviet regime.
    1. kalibr
      kalibr 21 May 2015 09: 10
      +3
      Not brilliant, not exemplary, but dissatisfied enough ...
      1. Yuri Balika
        Yuri Balika 21 May 2015 11: 17
        +6
        Underestimation of the enemy and hatred is the main weakness of the Russians / Slavs. I repeat the propaganda machine - exemplary. The domestic policy of the Nazis for the middle class, tired of humiliation and poverty according to the results of the Treaty of Versailles, was a delight for many, and this is a fact. There is a lot of research on this subject, and the propaganda machine is the best because its methods still apply them.
  7. pat
    pat 21 May 2015 09: 08
    -12 qualifying.
    Cossacks: this is not an estate, and the title of the article is clearly provocative.
    1. vladkavkaz
      vladkavkaz 21 May 2015 09: 39
      +4
      pat
      Cossacks are a service class.
      And the title of the article, I would also add-Judah in the service of the black devil of Nazism.
      1. pat
        pat 21 May 2015 10: 39
        -2
        I do not like it, envy, the blood is not the same, and was born not there! Yes, on the Don there lived an invincible people, the lime did not work out. Proud of their ancestors. Proud that they spoke Russian.
        1. avt
          avt 21 May 2015 11: 02
          +5
          Quote: pat
          I don’t like it, envy, the blood is not the same, and I was born there!

          Not that one! Oh, not that he has vladkavkaz blood! He has the blood of the winners of the Patriotic War 1941-1945go, and not lackeys in the service of the defeated SS men.
        2. Russian Uzbek
          Russian Uzbek 21 May 2015 13: 55
          +1
          there were Tatar and Bashkir Cossack cantons! we Buryats also served from the Cossacks! so what about blood? or "true" Cossacks only on the Don? so this is svidomism my friend ...
    2. avt
      avt 21 May 2015 10: 02
      +7
      Quote: pat
      Cossacks: this is not an estate, and the title of the article is clearly provocative.

      Yeah, straight for Krasnov- ,, "Cossacks! Remember, you are not Russian, you are Cossacks, an independent people. Russians are hostile to you. Moscow has always been an enemy of the Cossacks, crushed them and exploited. Now the hour has come when we, the Cossacks, can create our own life independent of Moscow. " Cooperating with the Nazis who destroyed Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians, Krasnov betrayed our people. " ---- the author, too, so bashfully kept silent - to which people did Krasnov betray? And what is the actual title of the article - "Cossacks in the Wehrmacht and the SS" provocative ?? What - the oath of SS in 1943 did not give ??? Oh! Yeah! Despite all the groveling, well, when, as now in Ukraine, with the adoption of the concept of "origin from the Sarmatian tribe ykrov", which was invented by Lyakh - the friend of Chartorylsky in the time of Sasha No. 1, called themselves a lost tribe of Goths, we turned left along the road near Crimea. The author’s article is also narcissism. Interesting accents are placed - “Many of them, by hook or by crook, contributed to the formation in their rear of" native units ". They preferred to keep the collaborators away from the front line, entrusting them with the protection of facilities, communications and "dirty work" - fighting partisans, saboteurs, encircled people and carrying out punitive actions against the civilian population. They were called "hivi" (from the German word Hilfswilliger, willing to help). Appeared in the Wehrmacht and units formed from the Cossacks. "- the author, like now the banderlog of his outspoken punishers, and how we Chubais and Popov to increase the number, dilutes the prisoners who were used in household work, who actually, Khivi "and there were, about which in his reference book Mueller Hildebrant is quite specific and writes. Well, remember the Poles from the film" Calling fire on ourselves "? So it is not hard to engage in fornication - the punishers were not "fighting" Tito's partisans in Yugoslavia - but they suppressed the resistance - the punishers are not fighting. "In Belarus, the Campaign Ataman's group ensured the security of the rear areas of Army Group Center and fought against the partisans. On June 17, 1944, in the course of one of the anti-partisan operations, he was killed "--- yeah, like the Ukrainian policemen - by means of the destruction of the civilian population. ,, But life is a striped thing, a white stripe, a black stripe, a colored stripe "---- just don't need to put a shadow on the fence and wash the black dog out of it, making lengthy statements about what they say - ,, On the unsettled political processes in Recently, issues of economic and social injustice have become powerfully layered. " and, It looks like the case will again end with the cutting out of the gentlemen. But God forbid to see the Russian rebellion, senseless and merciless. And the blame for everything will again be the master's and bourgeois greed, the same senseless and merciless. " ----- Although the last passage from the author amused, well, especially in the light of the attempts to recreate the Krasnov "Cossack" for, again, a new, ancient, like ykry, Cossack people. Yes . Here, in order to foresee the fate of the author, read your own articles, or look at what is happening in Ukraine, but if you are lazy, or thinks below your dignity - to revise the "Caucasian Captive", not even the whole one - only an episode where Shurik is told a toast about a small a bird that flew directly into the sun.
      1. vladkavkaz
        vladkavkaz 21 May 2015 10: 13
        0
        avt (
        Class!
        He wrote how he shaved the accomplices of the revival of the ss-Cossacks with their dreams of various kinds of Cossacks. hi
        1. pat
          pat 21 May 2015 10: 47
          +3
          What is glad? The Cossacks genocide? You are reborn, we will be reborn!
      2. pat
        pat 21 May 2015 10: 32
        0
        Sarmatians lived on the right bank of the Don, it’s neither me, it’s the father of history. Cossacks today are asked not to confuse them with newcomers Cossacks, Ukraine has nothing to do with the Don Cossacks (they were not allowed to live in the villages). The Don Cossacks joined Russia at the very end, not as an Army, but with their territory. And about the merits of the Cossacks to Russia, read the history of Russia.
        The Don Cossacks who emigrated did not fight against the USSR.
        1. avt
          avt 21 May 2015 10: 51
          +4
          Quote: pat
          The Don Cossacks who emigrated did not fight against the USSR.

          laughing request This is strong! This is even more important than the series of articles "By Sergei Volgin" !!! "When you see the sign" Buffalo "on the lion's cage, do not believe your eyes," but this is not written for you. You are going the right way to Svidomo. laughing
          Quote: pat
          And about the merits of the Cossacks to Russia, read the history of Russia.

          Yeah, that's right when in the USA and Canada a textbook on ,, Cossacks, ”the descendants of krasnovoshkuro will write, like the Bandera people who are not finished for the newly minted ancient ykrov, so I'll start straight! laughing
        2. Russian Uzbek
          Russian Uzbek 21 May 2015 13: 48
          -2
          not "joined" but was joined with an iron hand after a whole series of troubles and uprisings!
          the last nail in the lid of the tomb of the Don Volnits (and essentially anarchy) was hammered by Peter the Great after the suppression of the Bulavin uprising
        3. Ostwald
          Ostwald 22 May 2015 00: 27
          -3
          The Don Cossacks joined Russia at the very end, not as an Army, but with their territory.
          - Oh, how, can the Don Cossacks and tribute in the Golden Horde not pay by living "on their territory" which Muscovy did not win from the steppe tribes?
      3. Stirbjorn
        Stirbjorn 21 May 2015 13: 29
        +2
        Quote: avt
        Cossacks! Remember, you are not Russian, you are Cossacks, an independent people. Russians are hostile to you. Moscow has always been an enemy of the Cossacks, crushed them and exploited.
        I do not know if Krasnov actually said this, but it is impossible to find anything like this in his books. For example from "For the Thistle"
        Quote: avt
        Korenev, on the contrary, proudly raised his head and said with all his looks: "I am Russian! Russian! God! How good that I am Russian!"
        Or "The Empress" is a very worthy work. Fuck knows what happened to him in his old age ... the heavy legacy of the civil war. "Albeit with the devil, but against the Bolsheviks"
        1. avt
          avt 21 May 2015 15: 07
          -1
          Quote: Stirbjorn
          I do not know if Krasnov actually said this, but it is impossible to find anything like this in his books. For example from "For the Thistle"

          And this is not for me, this is for, Author Sergey Volgin
          ARTICLES FROM THIS SERIES: "
          Quote: Stirbjorn
          Korenev, on the contrary, proudly raised his head and said with all his looks: "I am Russian! Russian! God! How good that I am Russian!"

          And this is not at all from here and I have never written or quoted. But here is Suvorov - “We are Russians - what a delight!” Yes - he quoted and was happy to repeat!
          Quote: Stirbjorn
          . Fuck knows what happened to him in his old age ... the hard legacy of a civil war.

          Maybe with Krasnov? Yes, it happened to him much earlier - exactly when, together with the higher generals, he participated in the conspiracy against Nika No. 2, from February 1917 it became obvious.
          1. Stirbjorn
            Stirbjorn 21 May 2015 21: 21
            +1
            Quote: avt
            And this is not from here at all, and I never wrote or quoted.

            Sorry, accidentally nick caught. hi I meant a quote from Krasnov's novel "For the devil"
            Quote: avt
            Maybe with Krasnov? Yes, it happened to him much earlier - exactly when, together with the higher generals, he participated in the conspiracy against Nika No. 2, from February 1917 it became obvious.
            Yes, he seems to have always been a convinced monarchist, unlike Freemason generals such as Alekseev
        2. vladkavkaz
          vladkavkaz 21 May 2015 17: 17
          0
          Stirbjorn RU
          This is written by his biographer - "The associate and biographer of Ataman Krasnov S. G. Elatontsev writes that in his speeches he spoke directly and sharply: 1) The Volunteer Army has no soldiers; It has many Kuban officers and Cossacks, but almost no Russian officers; 2) General Denikin and his entourage gave their struggle against the Bolsheviks a class, restoration, and not a popular character, and under such conditions, if the allies did not support him, he would have to fail. Volunteers, consisting of nobles and gentlemen officers, bourgeois , against the peasants and proletarians, and the people will not support volunteers; 3) Gen. Denikin has nothing on his banner except the Great, United, Indivisible, and such a banner says little to his possible allies - Ukrainians, Georgians and even Cossacks; 4) gene Denikin, demanding submission, does not reckon with the Kuban Rada and does not underestimate the significance of the Don Circle For him, his officers and the administration, the Cossack regions are good only for replenishing the Good Army and for covering its carts; 5) Denikin himself is neither a good strategist nor a capable politician, since in the plan of his struggle he introduced, first of all, the compulsory subordination of all the outskirts of Russia to his single command. "
          Awesome patriot, this Krasnov, who was already orchestrating both Cossacks from Russia and Cossacks from Russians in general.

          Shared him hemp tie pulled.

          Krasnov and his closest associates began to play on a dangerous note of chauvinism - the Cossack. [14] The fact is that only 43% of the inhabitants [14] of the Don were Cossacks, they were afraid that their Cossack privileges would be canceled, and the land would be divided equally between them and ordinary peasants. Ataman Krasnov was the guarantor of new trends, he appealed for Don patriotism, without hesitation recognized the Don Cossacks as a separate nation !!! [14] Articles began to appear in newspapers proving the origin of the Don Cossacks almost from the inhabitants of ancient Troy, from the Etruscans, Amazons, and so on. But the main thing was to convince the Cossacks that they live in an independent, independent state, well equipped, and the Bolsheviks threaten the Don, as an independent, rich, happy state, bear poverty, enslavement [14].

          It is clear that the “white” monarchists were sharply negatively inclined towards such a project, in fact it was a clear split, weakening the “white” movement. Denikin wrote about Krasnov’s liberties: “... Russian reality, perverted to the utmost, ruffled sometimes robbers and traitors in the cover of the Russian national idea ...”. And Krasnov wrote: “I have four enemies: our Don and Russian intelligentsia, which put the interests of the party above the interests of Russia, are my worst enemy; General Denikin; foreigners are Germans or allies and Bolsheviks. And I’m least afraid of the latter, because I’m conducting an open struggle with them, and they don’t pretend that they are my friends ... ” [14] Krasnov, however, was cunning about the Germans, and soon they became his friends ...

          To strengthen his state, Krasnov turned to the German emperor Wilhelm II for help. The German army of 300 thousand soldiers, having captured Ukraine, was right next to the Don Republic — Rostov, Taganrog, the line of the Don and the Southeast Railway were German [14]. The Germans threw all their forces into the main western front, in the east they robbed Ukraine, with the puppet government of Skoropadsky, they needed the neutrality of the Don Republic, and, most importantly, food to continue the fighting. Krasnov wrote a sneaky letter to the Kaiser, in which he requested recognition of his state, in gratitude, Krasnov promised to arrange the supply of the German army with bread, fat, fish, leather, wool, and also to convey to the German industrialists the ship communication, factories and factories of Donbass.
          1. Stirbjorn
            Stirbjorn 21 May 2015 21: 25
            0
            Yes, I'm talking about what Krasnov said that the Cossacks are not Russian, and so on. This was attributed to him, but I did not see confirmation. With Denikin, he was on knives in Civil, this is a known fact.
            1. vladkavkaz
              vladkavkaz 21 May 2015 21: 36
              -3
              Stirbjorn
              Do you pretend that you don’t understand and don’t know or really don’t understand and don’t know anything?
              Maybe you do not know about the storytelling that Krasnov made, having killed 50 thousand of those same Cossacks?
              1. Stirbjorn
                Stirbjorn 22 May 2015 08: 39
                0
                Specify more specifically, about razkazachivanie as well. Or for a certain digital figure [14], what is this at all? I read literary works by Krasnov, unlike you, and therefore I have an idea of ​​his personality and his attitude towards the Russian people.
                1. vladkavkaz
                  vladkavkaz 22 May 2015 08: 46
                  0
                  Stirbjorn
                  His personality is Judas and a traitor to the Fatherland. His essence is serving the Nazis as part of a foreign army.
                  Hanged like a scoundrel dog. In the worship of Judas, do you see your main purpose?
                  1. Stirbjorn
                    Stirbjorn 22 May 2015 10: 56
                    -3
                    Instead of a normal answer, I see an attempt at cheap provocation. tongue
                    1. vladkavkaz
                      vladkavkaz 22 May 2015 15: 43
                      +1
                      Stirbjorn
                      This is your cheapest provocation and praise of Nazi ministers.

                      It was not the Bolsheviks who began the first talk, but the Cossack elite, Ataman Krasnov. And the goal was reprisal with supporters of the Soviet government. In May 1918, that is, almost a year before the directive of the Organizing Bureau of the Central Committee of the RCP (B.), Don’s Salvation Circle adopted a resolution on the “redundancy” of the Red Cossacks. About 1400 sentences were passed (many tens or even hundreds of people) about the expulsion of sympathizers of Soviet power from the Cossack estate - with the deprivation of all Cossack rights and benefits, confiscation of property and land, expulsion from the Don or for forced labor. More than 50 such sentences were published in the government newspapers Donskoy Krai and Donskoye Vedomosti. Based on these data, I made a calculation that showed: up to 30 thousand red Cossacks and their families were completely deprived and persecuted.

                      In October 1918, a decree of the Great Army Circle followed about the "discourse" of all Cossacks who crossed the Red Army at the front. To those 30 thousand repressed in the rear, many thousands of front-line soldiers were added. The Red Cossacks, who were captured by the Vendee, were waiting only for the death penalty. And in total, during the Red War, that is, from May 1918 to February 1919, at least 45 thousand supporters of Soviet power in the Don were brutally exterminated. Krasnov in October 1917, even before the establishment of Soviet power, actively supported Kaledin’s act of separating the Don from Russia, the formation under the auspices of the Don Cossacks of the South-Eastern Union (Don, Kuban, Terek, the mountain peoples of the North Caucasus and Stavropol Territory), which opposed the Center. This gave a powerful impetus to the collapse of Russia as a single state. And in 1918, having come to power in the Don, Krasnov proclaimed the creation of an independent Don Republic and, with renewed vigor, took up the formation of a hostile bloc against Soviet Russia under the name “Don Caucus Union”, that is, the former South-East under a new sign.

                      Of course, the card of Cossack separatism and chauvinism was played out in order to try in any way to unite the Cossack class, which was not uniform at that time, in the struggle against the Soviets. But this was primarily hidden behind the protection of the privileges of the Cossack rich. Independent and Russophobic slogans appealed to all Cossacks in order to rekindle in them a grudge against the majority of the non-Cossack population of the region.

                      What is the performance of Ataman Krasnov on the Army Circle in August 1918. With metal in his voice he said: “Don is for the Don people! .. We, only we alone, are the masters of this land. Offended cities and peasants will confuse you. Do not believe them ... Do not believe the wolves in sheep's clothing. They will bury themselves on your lands and with greedy hands reach for them. Let them live freely and freely in the Don as guests, but the owners are only us, only we are alone ... Cossacks. ”

                      The historian A. Kozlov gives the following information: [6] “Breaking into the borders of neighboring provinces, Cossack units hung, shot, chopped, raped, robbed and flogged. These atrocities were then recorded by the Saratov and Voronezh peasants and workers at the expense of all the Cossacks, and generated fear and hatred. The response spontaneous reaction poured out in revenge also to all Cossacks, indiscriminately. The innocent and defenseless were the first to suffer. ”
                      1. vladkavkaz
                        vladkavkaz 22 May 2015 15: 44
                        +1
                        To strengthen his state, Pyotr Nikolayevich turned for help to the German emperor Wilhelm II. The German army of 300 thousand soldiers, having captured Ukraine, was right next to the Don Republic — Rostov, Taganrog, the line of the Don and the Southeast Railway were German. [14] The Germans threw all their forces into the main western front, in the east they robbed Ukraine, with the puppet government of Skoropadsky, they needed the neutrality of the Don Republic, and, most importantly, food. Krasnov wrote a sneaky letter to the Kaiser, in which he requested recognition of his state, in gratitude, Krasnov promised to arrange the supply of the German army with bread, fat, fish, leather, wool, and also to convey to the German industrialists the ship communication, factories and factories of Donbass. Of course, such a move provoked indignation in the anti-Bolshevik camp, and the letter was published in Finland by a certain monarchist Rodzianko. The Germans themselves robbed the Don region, but the Taganrog and Donetsk districts, where the vast majority of the population were peasants, and not Cossacks, were robbed. [14] Krasnov even issued an order: “no matter how hard it is for our Cossack heart ... so that everyone refrains from any tricks in relation to the German troops, and would look at them as well as at their units”. [14] That is, it was forbidden for Cossacks to intercede for their compatriots who were not part of his Cossack lands. But Krasnov profitably traded with the Germans, so for 1 Russian rifle of the Mosin system with 30 rounds the Germans were given a pood of rye or wheat. [14] Where did the Germans get Russian rifles? It turns out they, during the last offensive, when the Russian tsarist army fell apart, captured rich trophies. And they sold them to Russian Krasnov, so that he would use them against the Russian "Reds." What a combination!
                      2. vladkavkaz
                        vladkavkaz 22 May 2015 15: 48
                        +1
                        Today they prefer not to talk about the socio-economic basis, about the class roots of the revolution and counter-revolution at all. It is very important that in your book you characterize those objectively prevailing living conditions in the Don that determined the extremely bloody nature of the armed struggle in this region. Please provide basic data on the population of the region of the Don army on the eve of the revolution.

                        - The population was 4 million 13 thousand people. But not all were Cossacks! Only about 1,5 million people were united by the Cossack estate, that is, Cossacks among the population of the region were in the minority. Most were non-Cossack people. It included the so-called nonresident immigrants from the northern provinces of the country who moved to the Don after the reform of 1861 in search of a better share (more than 1 million 120 thousand people), indigenous peasants, that is, former serfs of local landowners (more than 911 thousand), as well as workers and other residents of cities, miners and metallurgists of East Donbass.

                        - The proletarian layer was, of course, very few ...

                        - Only 7 percent. But I also draw attention to the following most important circumstance. The Cossack estate, which constituted the minority of the region’s population, was proclaimed by its ideologists (Krasnov, Bogaevsky, etc.) to be a special nationality (!), Distinct from the Russians, and the only full-fledged master on the Don land. The vast majority were denied the basic rights, land allotment, and permanent residence. Thus, a tight knot of acute contradictions was tied up, which had a strong influence on the entire course of the Civil War in the Don.

                        - The proclamation of the Cossacks not by Russians, but by their special nationality is impressive. But few people today know about this. The “mummers” keep silent about Cossack chauvinism and separatism, which undermined the unity of the country. And before the Great Patriotic War, Krasnov carried this black banner. You did the right thing at the very beginning of the book that you highlighted lines from his 1942 appeal for White Cossack emigration:

                        “Cossacks! Remember, you are not Russians, you Cossacks are independent people. Russians are hostile to you. Moscow has always been an enemy of the Cossacks, has long exploited them. Now the time has come when we, Cossacks, can create our own life independent of Moscow. ”
                      3. vladkavkaz
                        vladkavkaz 22 May 2015 15: 52
                        +2
                        And here is a quote from the white general Borodin from the Ural HF:
                        “... they attacked the Bolsheviks; half of them (about 600 people) were destroyed, and the rest - about 600 people, too [23] were taken prisoner and taken to the Ural River, where, leading in turn to the ice-hole, they beat them on the head with a mallet and let them into the ice-hole. And in the spring, among the Cossack fishermen in the nets, along with sturgeons, the destroyed Bolsheviks often came across ...
                        And wasn’t it dumb to eat such sturgeons?
                        And are the victims of "decossackization" so "innocent"?
                      4. vladkavkaz
                        vladkavkaz 22 May 2015 15: 59
                        +1
                        The myth of "decossackization"
                        Who cares what squeals about imaginary wines are based on, read, this is how fakes are made.
                        And who benefits from this, look at the ataman named Vodolatsky, a member of United Russia, who erects monuments to the ataman of the SS kazachkov Krasnov.
                        http://www.rusproject.org/node/1312
  • Asily 50
    Asily 50 21 May 2015 15: 49
    +1
    patu. If you accept what you are saying, ask yourself how long Cherkasy began to be called Cossack, find it. No need to lie to yourself, even out of ignorance. Incidentally, this is connected with the deportation of Circassians to TURKEY.
  • Asily 50
    Asily 50 21 May 2015 15: 49
    0
    How many different opinions, and all not on a factual basis, but on myths and tolerances. So many * experts * are interesting, but only a part of even their own knowledge is given to prove their own * theses *. During the civil war, they fought as best they could, an example was shown by * highly educated * nobility and those who sided with them, the insult was that the lackeys dared to answer. The descendants of these freaks make the same claims.
  • Nikita Gromov
    Nikita Gromov 21 May 2015 09: 18
    -15 qualifying.
    It is necessary to fight for the homeland with both external and internal enemies. And the Cossacks did just that - in the First World War, and in the Civil, and in the Patriotic War. They always loved their homeland and always remained true and adamant patriots of Russia. There have never been traitors to their homeland. They always fought only for their homeland!
    1. 0255
      0255 21 May 2015 13: 37
      +1
      Quote: Nikita Gromov
      It is necessary to fight for the homeland with both external and internal enemies. And the Cossacks did just that - in the First World War, and in the Civil, and in the Patriotic War. They always loved their homeland and always remained true and adamant patriots of Russia. There have never been traitors to their homeland. They always fought only for their homeland!

      If (God forbid) you lived in wartime, and your family was killed by the same defectors, "patriots", would you also say "nothing, nothing, they are fighting for their homeland with internal enemies"? belay Let's not justify the traitors, no matter for what reasons passed to the enemy stop In Ukraine, Bandera was made a "hero" - look to what the country has slipped to.
  • erased
    erased 21 May 2015 09: 31
    +4
    Everything is clear with the Cossacks, but only to those who studied their history. Among them there are heroes and traitors, as well as among the whole people as a whole.
    About power and its transition from one to another - that's right here. The Chinese version is probably the most correct one. A new leader, taking office, immediately appoints a successor. Well, let him not alone appoint, but there is a successor, he prepares, studies, learns in practice the work of the "big boss". And nobody's playing games with elections. One problem is to find a worthy person for whom the interests of the country are above all others. The most prominent representative of such a leader was STALIN. Beria could have been, but he was killed. Brezhnev might and would like to become such a leader, but the environment and the entire system of power of the USSR in the 60-70s of the 20th century did not allow this to be done.
    So, first of all, we need a methodology for selecting and promoting people who are loyal to the people and the country. But who will allow it to be created and implemented in modern Russia? So the leapfrog with the "bad-good tsar" continues. And what is much worse - the corrupt and hostile elite is still in place and sits tightly. She is the enemy behind her back. and this enemy will strike his blow without fail, at the most dangerous and difficult moment.
    1. dmb
      dmb 21 May 2015 11: 44
      -2
      Tell me, what is the "correctness" of the Chinese version.? There, under Mao, the situation was similar to ours under Stalin. Lin Biao was officially listed as the successor, but it all ended in flight to the USSR and death in a plane crash along the way. By the way, Lin actively contributed to the restoration of contacts between our countries. In my opinion, the "Chinese version" differs from ours in that there is a "creeping" counter-revolution. Of course, if the return to capitalism is considered a blessing, then everything is going very well in China. They, unlike us, gradually return to it. But you, judging by the positive assessment of Stalin, are not at all a supporter of this return. After all, it is more than difficult to blame Stalin for anything, but for building a light capitalist society. And Brezhnev, all the more, did not build capitalism.
      1. erased
        erased 21 May 2015 12: 14
        +2
        And where is capitalism? I did not talk about him, which means that your statement is a lie. I had in mind the system of preparation, selection and nomination of candidates for the post of the country's top leader, the methodology for evaluating candidates. And if we take the system of government, then Stalin and Beria developed the most suitable for the USSR, based on socialism, but with the private sector. All their achievements were destroyed by Khrushchev and his gang.
        1. dmb
          dmb 21 May 2015 12: 48
          0
          Is the statement a lie? Did I accuse you of something? Or did I say somewhere that Stalin wanted a return to capitalism? In addition, I would like to know what do you mean by the private sector, which was developed by Stalin? By the way, "who do you include in Khrushchev's gang and on what grounds?"
  • Edvagan
    Edvagan 21 May 2015 09: 35
    +1
    look carefully at Fig. 5. Cossack officer in the forests of Croatia. This is Senya Semenchenko))))))))
  • Belimbai
    Belimbai 21 May 2015 09: 42
    +3
    "They have always loved their Motherland and have always remained true and adamant patriots of Russia. There have never been traitors to the Motherland among them. They have always fought only for their Motherland!" Love for the homeland modulo .... Especially in relation to: "The behavior of the Cossacks in relation to the local population is merciless."
    The article is simply "lovely" - the combat path of the Cossacks in the SS ....
    1. avt
      avt 21 May 2015 10: 42
      +2
      Quote: Belimbai
      The article is simply "lovely" - the combat path of the Cossacks in the SS ....

      Aha! Especially, as I wrote more than once, despite the fact that they declared themselves to be the descendants of those who lost their way on the way to the Crimea, the Goths, despite their acceptance of the SS oath, were racially inferior and began to be unworthy to stand in the ranks of "true Aryans" in the SS and not accepted! laughing The author here is casting a shadow on the fence -, in 1944, SS Reichsfuehrer Himmler, who was appointed commander-in-chief of the reserve army after the assassination attempt on Hitler, achieved the transfer of all foreign military formations to the SS. "---- achieved, but they were assigned to the headquarters of the SS Panzer Corps with the wording FORMATIONS laughing And what about --- ,, By order of 25.02.1945, the division was already officially transformed into the XV SS Cossack Cavalry Corps. On the division itself, this had little effect, practically nothing. The uniform remained the same, the skull and bones did not appear on the hats, the Cossacks continued to wear their old buttonholes, the soldier's books did not even change. But organizationally, the corps was part of the structure of the "black order" troops, and SS liaison officers appeared in the units. The Cossacks were, however, short-lived Himmler's fighters. On April 20, the corps was transferred to the armed forces of the Committee for the Liberation of the Peoples of Russia (KONR) to General Vlasov. "---- That's exactly what in any way - well, the lackeys did not get into the SS they longed for, well, they did not recognize them as being in full power, and even more so what then by the lost Goths, and in the end there were a lot of orders - even the “Belarusian” 30th Infantry was ordered to be formed in February 1945, but so it all ended with an order. It's strange that there was no order to create a Martian SS division. What? They loved mysticism, the horoscopes there are different .... Yes, ours gave it that way - there were not enough hallucinogens, or rather, it was enough only for the Belarusian 30th SS. laughing
  • Alexey RA
    Alexey RA 21 May 2015 11: 46
    +2
    During these battles, the Cossacks completely destroyed the 703rd Rifle Regiment of the 233rd Soviet Rifle Division, and the division itself was seriously defeated.

    "Completely destroyed"- this, apparently, from the" tragedy on the Drava "or" Army of General Vlasov 1944-1945 "Aleksandrov.
    But here's what is interesting: Alexandrov first really writes that:
    The combat journal of the 233rd Infantry Division noted the almost complete death of the 703rd Belgrade Regiment in the battle on December 26.

    But then come the very interesting numbers:
    According to official data, only the 703rd Belgrade Red Banner Regiment during the battles in the encirclement (that is, only from 12.00:21.00 to 26:390 on December 76) lost 3 people killed and wounded ordinary, sergeant and commanding personnel, 45-mm gun, 4 82-mm guns , 9 10-mm mortars, 80 easel and 78 light machine guns, XNUMX submachine guns and XNUMX rifles.

    The defenders of Pitomach in a defensive battle lost 432 people killed, wounded and missing.

    That is, the total losses of the 703th regiment proper for December 26 do not exceed 400-410 people. It doesn’t seem to be pulling for complete death. Moreover, the same Alexandrov writes that:
    27 December the remains of the 703rd regiment continued to go to ViroviticeThe 734th regiment was buried in the ground near Stary Gradac, and the 572nd regiment covered the crossing at Barch and the bridgehead before crossing on the southern shore of the Drava. Cossacks that day and the next night from Pitomach reconnoitered the positions of the 734th Infantry Regiment. At 11.00 on December 28, two Cossack squadrons shot down the guards of the 734th Infantry Regiment and again occupied Old Gradac. On December 29-31, the Caucasian brigade continued its successful offensive, completely defeated the 32nd ZERO division, and overthrew the military guard the restored 703rd rifle regiment.

    That is, the destroyed 703 regiment was resurrected in a couple of days.

    The explanation for this, PMSM, is simple. In railways, divisions could really write about the almost complete death of the 703rd Belgrade Regiment in the battle of December 26. But this only means that the railway was filled in the evening of 26 or in the morning of December 27 and on the basis of the data that the division had for this time. Indeed, at that time there were very few who left the 703 regiment and the regiment could be considered destroyed. But 27 to their circle began to go around, which was enough to restore the regiment.

    So it would be correct to write: as of December 26, 703 regiment was considered almost completely dead.
  • Goblin 28
    Goblin 28 21 May 2015 11: 49
    +1
    Quote: avt
    Quote: pat
    I don’t like it, envy, the blood is not the same, and I was born there!

    Not that one! Oh, not that he has vladkavkaz blood! He has the blood of the winners of the Patriotic War 1941-1945go, and not lackeys in the service of the defeated SS men.

    But I would like to ask you, an expert on the blood flowing in our veins! Is this my grandfather, a purebred Kuban Cossack who fought in Germany, a knight of the 2 orders of Glory, who reached Berlin, lackey SS-ovsky? And did the Kuban Cossack corps also consist of lackeys? And my sons, who consider themselves Cossacks, are now fighting in the Donbas, also with lackey blood? In the village of my grandfather there was not a single traitor, although the Zionist power in the Civil, destroyed almost half of the inhabitants. Who are you to judge the Cossacks and call them traitors? At the monument to the fallen heroes of the Great Patriotic War in the village more than a thousand names! Here you go from Rostov to Berlin and then you will yap, the winner is a couch with marshal's epaulettes! Rummage better in your family tree and study your blood more closely! On the subject of the presence of rot-that she of you all the time and rushing!
    1. avt
      avt 21 May 2015 12: 31
      +1
      Quote: Goblin 28
      But I would like to ask you, an expert on the blood flowing in our veins!

      On blood issues, this is to
      Quote: pat
      I don’t like it, envy, the blood is not the same, and I was born there!
      Well, again, to all of Krasnov’s followers, or rather to their owners, SS men who identified them in their blood ranks, again, you can go to the doctor to determine the group and analyze the current state - this is by the way the most useful option for health.
      Quote: Goblin 28
      . Who are you to judge the Cossacks and call them traitors?

      If you align yourself with the Krasnovsky Cossacks, then I’m the great-grandson of the Nikolaev soldier who received the full bow not for jumping through the rope, if you know what it is and how, and most importantly where the soldier gets it, not counting the medal for saving the drowning officer who has their 6 sons on ONE of those who went to war and with the Krasnoshkhoshkurov evil spirits returned ONE home, and another close relative in the tank burned out on the way to Berlin in 1945, when the lackeys of Krasnov in
      Quote: RUSNAC
      ... It is clearly said: XV Cossack cavalry corps SS created 25 February 1945. The 1 Cossack Cavalry Division was transferred from the Wehrmacht to the Waffen SS at the end of December 1944.

      Quote: Goblin 28
      ! Here you go from Rostov to Berlin and then you will yap

      Have you reached the galleries? And not you to me
      Quote: Goblin 28
      Rummage better in your family tree and study your blood more closely! On the subject of the presence of rot-that she of you all the time and rushing!

      Learn. Especially when curls are taken while looking at the rating marker.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. pat
        pat 21 May 2015 15: 13
        -3
        the flag must be changed to your rating marker (Ukrainian-USA), and you can not bother reading your opus, and the title of the article is provocative!
        1. vladkavkaz
          vladkavkaz 21 May 2015 17: 25
          0
          pat
          The title of the article is not it?
          Beats the Hare?
          Calls brown jackals the way it is?
          So you do not fuss, they beat those, and beat new ones.
          1. pat
            pat 21 May 2015 19: 54
            -1
            Was in Vladikavkaz, the memory of the Cossacks are incomparable monuments, and the city was laid by them, and what happened is why such hatred to them. There are no such monuments in the Don, even the villages were renamed into settlements.
            1. vladkavkaz
              vladkavkaz 22 May 2015 08: 32
              0
              pat
              Where are such monuments in Vladikavkaz? Where to learn to lie?
    2. a housewife
      a housewife 21 May 2015 17: 30
      +6
      I completely agree! My grandfathers and my husband also died, Cossacks from the Kuban! But in general this is not only about Cossacks. There were enough traitors. But can we compare the number of geeks with a huge warring country! Our children have something to be proud of! Yes, Cossacks are an estate. And this much higher than nationality. hi
      1. pat
        pat 21 May 2015 20: 09
        -2
        Quote: housewife
        I completely agree! My grandfathers and my husband also died, Cossacks from the Kuban! But in general this is not only about Cossacks. There were enough traitors. But can we compare the number of geeks with a huge warring country! Our children have something to be proud of! Yes, Cossacks are an estate. And this much higher than nationality. hi


        Estate, estates, cf. 1. A public group formed on the basis of class relations of feudalism, a class organization with inherited rights and obligations fixed by law ...
        dic.academic.ru ›Explanatory Dictionary of Ushakov

        understood something, the USSR and the estates
  • alovrov
    alovrov 21 May 2015 12: 29
    +5
    The strength of the people is judged not by the number of traitors, but by the majority of them. In Russia, traitors are called traitors and it is impermissible to heroize them. In contrast to the territory of the former USSR.
    1. anderval
      anderval 21 May 2015 13: 53
      -6
      Yes, do you have the Ukrainian SSR across? RSFSR white fluffy? Or just ... get around?
      1. a housewife
        a housewife 21 May 2015 17: 32
        +1
        Sorry for the wretched. And you ...
  • Goblin 28
    Goblin 28 21 May 2015 14: 18
    0
    Quote: avt
    Quote: Goblin 28
    But I would like to ask you, an expert on the blood flowing in our veins!

    On blood issues, this is to
    Quote: pat
    I don’t like it, envy, the blood is not the same, and I was born there!
    Well, again, to all of Krasnov’s followers, or rather to their owners, SS men who identified them in their blood ranks, again, you can go to the doctor to determine the group and analyze the current state - this is by the way the most useful option for health.
    Quote: Goblin 28
    . Who are you to judge the Cossacks and call them traitors?

    If you align yourself with the Krasnovsky Cossacks, then I’m the great-grandson of the Nikolaev soldier who received the full bow not for jumping through the rope, if you know what it is and how, and most importantly where the soldier gets it, not counting the medal for saving the drowning officer who has their 6 sons on ONE of those who went to war and with the Krasnoshkhoshkurov evil spirits returned ONE home, and another close relative in the tank burned out on the way to Berlin in 1945, when the lackeys of Krasnov in
    Quote: RUSNAC
    ... It is clearly said: XV Cossack cavalry corps SS created 25 February 1945. The 1 Cossack Cavalry Division was transferred from the Wehrmacht to the Waffen SS at the end of December 1944.

    Quote: Goblin 28
    ! Here you go from Rostov to Berlin and then you will yap

    Have you reached the galleries? And not you to me
    Quote: Goblin 28
    Rummage better in your family tree and study your blood more closely! On the subject of the presence of rot-that she of you all the time and rushing!

    Learn. Especially when curls are taken while looking at the rating marker.

    You, my friend, do not poke me! I did not pass pigs with you. Well, you shouldn’t be proud of your relatives, this is their merit - not yours. Your carriages so far are only for scribbling and inept wit, more like osllamia, forgive those for offensive words! And you behave yourself like the most typical rude education, the salt of the nation .... thinking that it knows everything and everything, and teaches everyone. The ultimate truth, m ... i! Not in vain in your beloved Nicholas army, where your ancestor had the honor to serve while my in the first Caucasus with the Circassians jumped on a skipping rope — the soldiers who were the enemy of the Fatherland — a student, a student and a sicilist with a tiligent — taught me very correctly!
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 21 May 2015 14: 28
      0
      Quote: Goblin 28
      Not in vain in your beloved Nicholas army, where your ancestor had the honor to serve, while my in the first Caucasus with the Circassians jumped on a skipping rope — the soldiers who were the enemy of the Fatherland — a student, a student and a sicilist with a tiligent — taught me very correctly!

      Oh no wonder ... why do we need students and tilichents? Clever very - and we will live without them. We do not need smart people - we need the faithful.

      And then they entered the war with a bare bottom: all aviation flies on imported motors, cars in the country - the cat cried, even machine guns, guns, turbines and armor - and they had to be bought abroad. Gun Factory - Vickers. Machine gun - Madsen (Dansk Rekulriffel Syundikat). Electrical - Siemens. The guns are Schneider da Krupp. The Germans already have radio-controlled boats going into battle, the Entente have gliding bombs. And we have all the "tsar-tank" sawing, but they refuse to parachutes ...
    2. avt
      avt 21 May 2015 15: 31
      0
      [quote = Goblin 28] You, my friend, do not poke me! I won't herd pigs with you. [/ quote]
      And I’m not my friend, but even if it’s easier for you, if it’s easier, again, if you insist on meticulous execution of the site's rules, jump the Cossack over the rope further. [Quote = Leshy 28] Well, you should not be proud of your relatives, these are their merits - not yours. [/ quote] Yeah !? What a principled we are! Especially when we get

      [quote = avt] Have you reached the gallery? [/ quote]
      In response to [quote = Leshy 28]! Better to dig in your pedigree and study your blood more closely! On the subject of the presence of rot, that she is from you all the time and rushing! [/ Quote]
      To which a specific answer was given. So what ? Guzovilanie in response? [quote = Leshy 28]. Well, you shouldn't be proud of your relatives, it's their merits - not yours. [/ quote]
      Where I attributed THEIR merit to myself? Respond from the darkness with a specific link - personal glitches on other topics are not protected. [Quote = Leshy 28] .... thinking that she knows everything and everyone, and teaches everyone. The ultimate truth, ya! [/ quote]
      How does it seem with Krylov - ... is it not better to turn over to the godfather? "Or not from Krylov? Teach" education "[quote = Leshy 28]! No wonder in your beloved Nikolaev army, where your ancestor had the honor to serve, while mine was jumping on the first Caucasian army with the Circassians on a rope - they taught the soldiers very correctly who is the enemy of the Fatherland - a zhyd, a student and a sicist with a teligent! [/ Quote]
      They taught me how to march in different armies of their ancestors, my simply and without any trick to serve for the Faith, the Tsar and the Fatherland, well, [quote = Leshy 28], who is the enemy of the Fatherland is a zhyd, a student and a sicilist with a teligent! [/ Quote]
      This is a briefing for the campaign to disperse the demonstrators by weaving, so that all indiscriminately, and then the workers. This is a normal instruction for punishers. [Quote = Leshy 28] So far, your epaulettes are only for scribbling and inept wit, more like oslowness, forgive those offensive words! [/ Quote]
      laughing Envy, especially this to virtual pictures, transferred to reality - sin along with pride, can somehow train your mind? People will appreciate, they know better from the outside, and there are quite specific ones who know more of the factual material and cite it, which Az a sinner for the years spent here and for not knowing in the comments poked on the case - thanks for the science. Anything is better than secretly being proud of your "knowledge" - it is better to multiply it in every possible way, even in a substantive discussion. But by the way [quote = Leshy 28]!
    3. a housewife
      a housewife 21 May 2015 17: 35
      -1
      Quote: Leshy 28
      Quote: avt
      Quote: Goblin 28
      But I would like to ask you, an expert on the blood flowing in our veins!

      On blood issues, this is to
      Quote: pat
      I don’t like it, envy, the blood is not the same, and I was born there!
      Well, again, to all of Krasnov’s followers, or rather to their owners, SS men who identified them in their blood ranks, again, you can go to the doctor to determine the group and analyze the current state - this is by the way the most useful option for health.
      Quote: Goblin 28
      . Who are you to judge the Cossacks and call them traitors?

      If you align yourself with the Krasnovsky Cossacks, then I’m the great-grandson of the Nikolaev soldier who received the full bow not for jumping through the rope, if you know what it is and how, and most importantly where the soldier gets it, not counting the medal for saving the drowning officer who has their 6 sons on ONE of those who went to war and with the Krasnoshkhoshkurov evil spirits returned ONE home, and another close relative in the tank burned out on the way to Berlin in 1945, when the lackeys of Krasnov in
      Quote: RUSNAC
      ... It is clearly said: XV Cossack cavalry corps SS created 25 February 1945. The 1 Cossack Cavalry Division was transferred from the Wehrmacht to the Waffen SS at the end of December 1944.

      Quote: Goblin 28
      ! Here you go from Rostov to Berlin and then you will yap

      Have you reached the galleries? And not you to me
      Quote: Goblin 28
      Rummage better in your family tree and study your blood more closely! On the subject of the presence of rot-that she of you all the time and rushing!

      Learn. Especially when curls are taken while looking at the rating marker.

      You, my friend, do not poke me! I did not pass pigs with you. Well, you shouldn’t be proud of your relatives, this is their merit - not yours. Your carriages so far are only for scribbling and inept wit, more like osllamia, forgive those for offensive words! And you behave yourself like the most typical rude education, the salt of the nation .... thinking that it knows everything and everything, and teaches everyone. The ultimate truth, m ... i! Not in vain in your beloved Nicholas army, where your ancestor had the honor to serve while my in the first Caucasus with the Circassians jumped on a skipping rope — the soldiers who were the enemy of the Fatherland — a student, a student and a sicilist with a tiligent — taught me very correctly!

      Oooh! Your ancestors were clearly not students. Judging by everything, you too.
  • alovrov
    alovrov 21 May 2015 14: 25
    +2
    Quote: anderval
    Yes, do you have the Ukrainian SSR across? RSFSR white fluffy? Or just ... get around?


    Yes, the former USSR did not rest against any place at all. But as an example - it will fit perfectly.
    1. anderval
      anderval 21 May 2015 16: 50
      -1
      So ... ripen.
  • The comment was deleted.
  • Goblin 28
    Goblin 28 21 May 2015 14: 49
    +3
    And I would also like to say, to the esteemed Marshal AVT and Astartes and other Vladikavkaz - These are the ones who kindle civil wars, because of you then Russian blood flows in rivers! Which is very typical for the Russian "education"! You indiscriminately insulted all the Cossacks with your statements, and with them our memory of our ancestors who served the Fatherland under any conditions. And insulted purposefully and categorically! You insulted our mothers, children and people like me, who initially treated you quite kindly! For what ? Although, it is not surprising - "g..no" of the nation, it is the "g..no" of the nation! It's amazing if it were different!
    1. Asily 50
      Asily 50 21 May 2015 15: 06
      +4
      You are absolutely right, the most striking example is * komuch * during the civil war. * Tilegentsy * with their magnanimous slogans arranged such a terror for the local population that we can only compare the genocide of the Indians in the USA. Or all of these * white counterintelligence *, almost all were headed by pre-war * Russian telegents *.
    2. Asily 50
      Asily 50 21 May 2015 15: 06
      +2
      And how many different kinds of * illiterate *. I do not understand how one can believe unconditionally in any writings. Well, our enemies cannot write anything sane about us, starting from * the chronicler of Nestor * to the modern * truth-seekers *, A whole layer of written * literature of opening the eyes * and * from the more visible * appeared.
    3. vladkavkaz
      vladkavkaz 21 May 2015 17: 32
      0
      Goblin 2
      Listen, you defender of lackeys who served the Nazis ...
      My grandfathers didn’t fight for such an outspoken G as those who speak about the Krasnoyarsk people with aspiration, they destroyed them and did it right.

      Remember, Judah, as it were, was not painted, but he will always find his loop.
      And the fact that you, yes you are an Education, and besides not understanding what is chatting here and now, in an article about Nazi accomplices.
      Judas, who served in the SS, has no mother, Su.ka is, there is no mother.

      As you exactly put it about yourself- "Although, it is not surprising -" g..no "of the nation, it is" g..no "of the nation! It's amazing if it were different!"
    4. avt
      avt 21 May 2015 20: 17
      +1
      Quote: Goblin 28
      And I also want to say, to the respected Marshal AVT and Astartes and other Vladikavkazs - These are the ones that you are stirring up civil wars, because of you then Russian blood pours!

      Aha! First, such songs begin to sing about the exceptional blood that flows in them, that they are not some sort of snotty Rusnya and "Rusnya" and "Colorado - quilted jackets", but very ancient people - ykrov, Cossacks, Pomors, Siberians, etc. etc. etc. , in general - the necessary to underline. Further, this is the underlined, of course, oppressed, oppressed, robbed, destroyed, occupied and certainly snotty Races with her "Rusny", Colorado - quilted jackets "... Oh! I forgot Moscow with the "Moscals", Muscovites "- it is necessary to underline the necessary. Well, when they get a sniff in the literal and figurative sense, then they start lamenting about the fact that the defenders of Orthodoxy, true servants of the Tsar Father" and in general Apart from their illnesses, naturally, no one served faithfully, and if he did, then with the intention of betraying the tsar, and the priest, and the fatherland in general. Naturally, his shit does not smell. And the final chord
      Quote: Goblin 28
      ... And they insulted purposefully and categorically! You insulted our mothers, children and people like me, who initially treated you quite kindly! For what ? Although, it is not surprising - "g..no" of the nation, it is the "g..no" of the nation! It's amazing if it were different!

      As I already said - your shit doesn’t smell, hysteria rolls only in relation to your beloved and ALL means are good - the main thing is to lie without restraint and not referring to specific references of the opponent’s statement.
      Quote: Goblin 28
      ! You indiscriminately insulted all Cossacks, and with them our memory of our ancestors who served the Fatherland under all conditions. And they insulted purposefully and categorically!

      Purposefully and categorically, I personally exposed and will expose, as far as I can, knowledge and opportunity, all the Nazi scum. ALL, ALL without distinction by nationality and class, starting from those who went to lackeys among the Nazis and those who now, despite the example of the current Ukraine, the Motherland on national ribbons wants to cut with the inscriptions - "Cossack" ,,, pomorie ",,, saibiria" to the delight of the Saxons. And you can be in complete confidence - I will continue.
  • Goblin 28
    Goblin 28 21 May 2015 15: 58
    0
    [quote = avt] [quote = Leshy 28] You, my friend, do not poke me! I don’t herd pigs with you. [/ quote]
    And I’m not my friend, but even if it’s easier for you, if it’s easier, again, if you insist on meticulous execution of the site's rules, jump the Cossack over the rope further. [Quote = Leshy 28] Well, you should not be proud of your relatives, these are their merits - not yours. [/ quote] Yeah !? What a principled we are! Especially when we get

    [quote = avt] Have you reached the gallery? [/ quote]
    In response to [quote = Leshy 28]! Better to dig in your pedigree and study your blood more closely! On the subject of the presence of rot, that she is from you all the time and rushing! [/ Quote]
    To which a specific answer was given. So what ? Guzovilanie in response? [quote = Leshy 28]. Well, you shouldn't be proud of your relatives, it's their merits - not yours. [/ quote]
    Where I attributed THEIR merit to myself? Respond from the darkness with a specific link - personal glitches on other topics are not protected. [Quote = Leshy 28] .... thinking that she knows everything and everyone, and teaches everyone. The ultimate truth, ya! [/ quote]
    How does it seem with Krylov - ... is it not better to turn over to the godfather? "Or not from Krylov? Teach" education "[quote = Leshy 28]! No wonder in your beloved Nikolaev army, where your ancestor had the honor to serve, while mine was jumping on the first Caucasian army with the Circassians on a rope - they taught the soldiers very correctly who is the enemy of the Fatherland - a zhyd, a student and a sicist with a teligent! [/ Quote]
    They taught me how to march in different armies of their ancestors, my simply and without any trick to serve for the Faith, the Tsar and the Fatherland, well, [quote = Leshy 28], who is the enemy of the Fatherland is a zhyd, a student and a sicilist with a teligent! [/ Quote]
    This is a briefing for the campaign to disperse the demonstrators by weaving, so that all indiscriminately, and then the workers. This is a normal instruction for punishers. [Quote = Leshy 28] So far, your epaulettes are only for scribbling and inept wit, more like oslowness, forgive those offensive words! [/ Quote]
    laughing Envy, especially this to virtual pictures, transferred to reality - sin along with pride, can somehow train your mind? People will appreciate, they know better from the outside, and there are quite specific ones who know more of the factual material and cite it, which Az a sinner for the years spent here and for not knowing in the comments poked on the case - thanks for the science. Anything is better than secretly being proud of your "knowledge" - it is better to multiply it in every possible way, even in a substantive discussion. But by the way [quote = Leshy 28]! I am with [/ quote]
    Well ... everything is expected - a lot of empty words, a lot of boasting, attempts to show your own knowledge and superiority - completely groundless, incoherent and uninteresting - did not hurt! The desire to continue the discussion, as well as throwing beads in front of the pigs, was gone! Well, what about the years spent on your site - I’ll say that Admiral Nelson’s chest stood on the bridge with them during all his glorious battles, but he remained! Yes, and you would, even from my great-grandfather, I’m sure, you wouldn’t deserve pletyugan as well - they are small, harmless and insignificant! It would be a pity to dirty the whip!
    1. Comrade Bender
      Comrade Bender 21 May 2015 22: 56
      -1
      Do not you think that your Cossack chauvinism with a whip is already going through the roof?
      It would not be bad to remember that in such cases they answered the Cossacks: "Have you long ago cut stripes on ribbons for girls?"
      Reduce the rhetoric, for it does not benefit anyone.
  • Free wind
    Free wind 21 May 2015 16: 42
    0
    The Second World War, the 2nd Great Patriotic War, unfortunately, it can be called the second civil war. But no matter what, our grandfathers won.
  • chelovektapok
    chelovektapok 21 May 2015 18: 08
    0
    No matter how lofty words the enemies of Russia covered themselves, they even joined the "Cossacks". A tree without roots does not live long. How did Semyonov and the others, who were going to the west to take revenge, kill and burn, to Russia? The same as the current "ukrokozaks" - frenzied Russophobia, and food on the waste of the kitchen of the Kwantung Army and the Wehrmacht. There were some throws of the doomed in the form of a raid by Esaul Kurbatov from Transbaikalia to Hitler's headquarters across the front. In fact, only an attempt to attract money to the "chieftains". The essence is corruption and Christ-selling. The same Kurbatov received the rank of colonel from the hands of Hitler. German SS colonel. Figase "For Faith, Tsar, Fatherland and Holy Russia" (c). Denikin refused to lead the ROA. True Russian Officer! And all these "Cossacks" - from poverty and hopelessness to betrayal went and were used as "product number 2". They have achieved nothing. There was little in the Civil Lyuli - they were added to the Patriotic War!
  • Bully
    Bully 21 May 2015 18: 26
    +1
    The article is clearly provocative. Recently, under various plausible pretexts, material has appeared that is at first glance cognitive, but essentially inciting discord between the peoples living on our Russian land. Here is such a simple receiver applied. And the result is obvious: there is complete srach. That’s why Lesha’s colleague was traitors recorded? I read his comments, and found no sedition. The site administration needs to carefully approach the publication of such materials. The party line is now different, however.
    1. vladkavkaz
      vladkavkaz 21 May 2015 19: 39
      -1
      Bully RU
      My colleague Leshii, he beguiled someone who should be called his own, and who should be driven three meters underground do not remember in any way, and if you remember, then only in those words and in the way that the traitors of the homeland deserve.
      He rushed to defend the SS Cossacks ?? Out of joy ... we have such a Cossack on the Don, Vodolatsky surname, already the ataman of the whole, that's from him all the gnu comes, he inspires the "memory" of the Judas who served in the SS, Krasnovs and others, meets in EP ...
  • Goblin 28
    Goblin 28 21 May 2015 21: 07
    +2
    Quote: vladkavkaz
    Bully RU
    My colleague Leshii, he beguiled someone who should be called his own, and who should be driven three meters underground do not remember in any way, and if you remember, then only in those words and in the way that the traitors of the homeland deserve.
    He rushed to defend the SS Cossacks ?? Out of joy ... we have such a Cossack on the Don, Vodolatsky surname, already the ataman of the whole, that's from him all the gnu comes, he inspires the "memory" of the Judas who served in the SS, Krasnovs and others, meets in EP ...

    I will tell you this - I read your posts very carefully and the respected AVT and was outraged by the crying of all the Cossacks, without exception, and not a handful of traitors who served the Germans! This is to clarify my position!
    1. avt
      avt 21 May 2015 22: 12
      -2
      Quote: Goblin 28
      - I read your posts very carefully, and the respected AVT, and was indignant at howling all the Cossacks without exception,

      ,, Oh, you're lying! You're lying to the Tsar! " laughing Links specific to the studio! Just click directly under the opponent’s comment - answer, then underline the link by pressing the right button and press the button - quote, then we’ll talk who, where, quite specifically
      Quote: Goblin 28
      all Cossacks, without exception, and not a handful of traitors who served the Germans!

      Gasps. Then it will be
      Quote: Goblin 28
      ! This is to clarify my position!
      Full coverage of all positions.
      And again, it is visible to everyone on the site who is the truth and who carries the lie. It is unclear how to quote? Confused? Contact your account moderators for clarification.
    2. vladkavkaz
      vladkavkaz 21 May 2015 22: 28
      +1
      Goblin 28
      I haven’t written anywhere that all Cossacks are like enemies, but I write everywhere that those who served in the Krasnov’s SS Cossacks, any other Judah collaborators, remember and remember them, it should only be done otherwise.
      The Cossacks are the service class in Ingushetia, it was and is so, any screams about the alleged "people", this is exactly what the Nazi general Krasnov based his ideology on, can you assimilate this?
      All these Cossacks, Pomorie of Siberia and other projects for the collapse of the country, can you learn this?
      All these screams, pomors are separate for the people. The Cossacks are separate, the Siberians are separate — these are all the projects to split Russia backward among themselves, are you able to figure this out?
      Anyone who supports this should be regarded always and everywhere the same-vzryvina, is it able to assimilate?
  • den-protector
    den-protector 21 May 2015 22: 51
    +3
    Why is I.V. Stalin and his popularity is growing? Yes, because social stratification has become blatant, and wealth is acquired unrighteously. And the power, incl. and GDP, personify this oligarchic regime and are interested in it. People, especially Russians, are acutely aware of this injustice and that is why the new "37th year" is so much in demand now. To cleanse society from various kinds of traitors and thieves, political will is needed, but it is not yet there. There are show trials, drawn out like the Santa Barbara TV series, in order to appease an outraged society. They also try to distract society from internal problems by foreign policy factors in the form of an external enemy. Russia has many external enemies, but even more internal enemies who interact with external forces. But it will not work to distract society from internal problems for a long time.
  • Goblin 28
    Goblin 28 21 May 2015 23: 42
    +1
    Quote: vladkavkaz
    Goblin 28
    I haven’t written anywhere that all Cossacks are like enemies, but I write everywhere that those who served in the Krasnov’s SS Cossacks, any other Judah collaborators, remember and remember them, it should only be done otherwise.
    The Cossacks are the service class in Ingushetia, it was and is so, any screams about the alleged "people", this is exactly what the Nazi general Krasnov based his ideology on, can you assimilate this?
    All these Cossacks, Pomorie of Siberia and other projects for the collapse of the country, can you learn this?
    All these screams, pomors are separate for the people. The Cossacks are separate, the Siberians are separate — these are all the projects to split Russia backward among themselves, are you able to figure this out?
    Anyone who supports this should be regarded always and everywhere the same-vzryvina, is it able to assimilate?

    I don’t argue with you about this, but you cannot equate the word Cossack with the word traitor. Well, I want to offer some information for thought - from the family of my grandmother, she was the only one left during the rummaging, and only because she went to the next village to the relatives of the first husband. While she was not a father, her mother, three brothers with wives and children and two sisters with husbands and children were shot outside the village. When the grandmother came back with her husband, they were caught by the Red Army. The husband was immediately shot, and the grandmother remained alive only thanks to a relative who served in the Cheka. He was left alone from the grandfather's family, due to the fact that he was getting home from the front during the talk and didn’t get caught. Now imagine the state of the grandmother, grandfather, and those Cossacks who were returning from the front. Can you explain to them why for what and in the name of what they have treated their families so much? By the way, the Red Army regiment from Voronezh was shooting, the commanders knew who. The temple was burnt, a priest with his family and grandmothers of the rooters were shot right at the church. Grandmother hated the Soviet regime all her life, and at the mention of Voronezh she quietly reigned! Grandfather took everything as a test of God and stoically endured it. But forget - not forgot! And so the whole village! Hence the service in the SS and the betrayal! Yes, but what do you call the Red Army men with commanders? Who are they, the heroes of the Civil, fighters for the bright happiness of work or punitive killers? Do you have a unique definition?
    1. vladkavkaz
      vladkavkaz 22 May 2015 08: 44
      +1
      Goblin 28 RU
      Let’s see what, for its part, the other writer on this subject thinks about the differences between Russians and Cossacks who are suitable for “neutrality” and for their national origin. In the Information and Communication Authority of the Russian Imperial Union-Order “Imperial Messenger” (January 1999, No. 45) in the article “What does the era of St. Sergius teach us?” about. Dionysius (Alferov) from the RTOC indicated:

      “In recent years, the Cossacks have unreasonably gratified and praised the Cossacks in the patriotic press just because they are“ Cossacks ”. There is nothing to say about modern mummers: they have not earned any praise yet. But the historical type of Cossack, a willful and wayward person, is in many respects the opposite of a Moscow service man. A Cossack is a kind of “democrat,” who does not recognize any restrictions on his will, and does not want to draw taxes or to perform compulsory service. The Cossack does not recognize any authority over himself (“So that everyone should be equal to everyone,” - S. Razin); even the chieftains chosen for a term often turned out to be “immersed in water” (that is, drowned) before the end of their powers.

      Having assisted the Moscow state in repelling the Tatars and Turks, the free Cossacks, on the other hand, brought him much harm as well with their numerous rebellions. Let us recall their support of both False Dmitriyevs, the revolt of Bolotnikov and Razin, Bulavin and Pugachev. S. Bulgakov quite rightly wrote that among the Russian people the spirit of the monastery of St. Sergius and the covenants of Holy Russia - with the spirit of the Don and Zaporizhzhya Sich. The clash of Russian people of different spirits emphasizes the mutual exclusion of these ideals. It was the Cossacks and the Don along with the Poles in the units of the “Tushino thief” who besieged Moscow and the Trinity-Sergius Lavra during the first turmoil. Obviously, the ideals of that Cossack liberty are by no means the ideals of Holy Russia, nor the ideals of Orthodox-monarchist statehood. And such a Cossack cannot be the ideal of a Russian person.

      The glorious period in the history of the Cossacks is connected precisely with their transformation from free, troublesome people wandering “for zipuns” into a service class fighting under the tsar’s banners. ”
      1. vladkavkaz
        vladkavkaz 22 May 2015 09: 15
        +1
        Goblin 28 RU
        But if true, would the Cossack Shkuro capture Moscow? In this case, the capital would become dashing and become a “solid zipun,” as ironically, and with understanding, the Kuban Shkuro describes further the return of the “zipunny” donors of Mamontov:

        “Then I received an order to take Voronezh. September 6 (old style. - V.Ch.-G.) there was a clash of my patrols with the patrols of Mamontov who was returning from the raid, for the Cossacks did not recognize each other. Soon the misunderstanding was clarified, and on September 8, our corps united at Korotoyak. Mamontov led countless wagons with refugees and booty. Suffice it to say that, while driving in a car, for two and a half hours I could not overtake them.

        The Cossacks of Mamontov bloomed greatly, went in a mess and, apparently, only sought to quickly bring their prey to the huts. She was apparently quite wealthy; for example, Kalmyks even sprinkled their horses with perfumes.
        The 40-day raid ended, capped also by the fact that Mamontov brought thousands of volunteers from the peasants mobilized by the Bolsheviks, mainly from the Tulshchyna, to the White. They arrived in the form of the already formed Tula Infantry Division. But that almost the first telegram of the lucrative Konstantin Konstantinovich to Novocherkassk was said that this magnificent operation would be covered in tar, too:

        “Sending hi. We bring rich gifts to family and friends; Don treasury - 60 million rubles; for the decoration of churches - expensive icons and church utensils. "

        THANKS to residents of Voronezh and other towns and villages, probably were very grateful to the Cossacks of Mamantov for having robbed them completely?
        Come on, they would only rob, but they would kill everyone who they reached out to, so before telling sentimental stories about their own people, it would be nice to recall the evil done by them to others.
  • zubkoff46
    zubkoff46 22 May 2015 00: 36
    +4
    Guys, maybe we are not their judges? Were we in these people's shoes? The Soviet power walked like a roller on the Cossacks, for many years it was afraid of him as the most faithful support of the previously existing system. The Cossacks had something to take offense at the new government. Imagine yourself in their place: for centuries you have faithfully served the Tsar, worked and lived in abundance and according to their customs on their land, and suddenly strange people come, take benefits, land, rake out the bread grown by their labor, destroy churches, exile or shoot the most prominent Cossacks. And nobody canceled the concept of "justice" in those days, and people perceived this concept much closer and sharper than now. They made me reconcile by force, but the anger remained in my soul. Cossacks, as well as children of nobles, priests, almost until 1938, were not called up to serve in the army, they were not trusted. And after all this, be surprised that some of them actively collaborated with the Germans? Moreover, the anti-Soviet propaganda was well organized by the Germans. During the war, two crews of Maxim machine guns with weapons fled to the Germans from my father's platoon in Stalingrad on New Year's Eve 1942-43. The special officer then for a month ruffled my father (and he is the son of a priest) with questions with periodic scuffle: why didn't he leave with them, what task did he stay with. Because of this incident, the father was then no longer awarded, although before that they wrote a performance on the Battle Banner. The guys who escaped were mostly from Temryuk. Before that, together they went a long way and survived in Kerch, near Kharkov, reached Stalingrad. Now, in the Internet era, it is easy for us to judge everyone and everything from the couch and rivet labels, but then, after major shifts in our society, everything was much more complicated.
  • Ostwald
    Ostwald 22 May 2015 01: 09
    -5
    One in five patriots is a greatly exaggerated figure. At least no more than one out of ten patriots, one traitor others in the text of the author.
    In fact, thanks to such verbiage as "homeland", "oath" and the Finnish wars are obtained, which are not very popular in Russia, Afghanistan, where there seemed to be no homeland for the Soviet soldier, oops, excuse him, besides his own homeland, according to the opinion The CPSU also turned out to be an international second homeland, day and night dreaming of a progressive method of building socialism bypassing the capitalist system of development from medieval Afghanistan, the legitimacy of which was proved by scientific communism. Russia is not very happy about the victory over the results of the Chechen anti-terrorist campaigns.
    Well, at the expense of those three (seven), they too, without a doubt, rank them as traitors, well, who else but they chose in 1996 the same BN Yeltsin who promised to lie on the rails, and why are they embarrassed that he always lied or the right moment was hiding in the bushes, and try to put yourself in the place of this trinity, well, who else but they will wipe your nose saying that quantity always wins quality.
    They do not need a homeland because they do not have it.
    1. Asily 50
      Asily 50 22 May 2015 12: 19
      +2
      Well, yes * American * teaches life. Moralization of a citizen of a country created by thieves and robbers. Germany 30s cast from Sassch, just the Americans do not know how to fight like the Germans, hence the aggression and complexes. No need to tell what to do, yourself try a sane life. And already there were plenty of examples of meanness and treachery, both at the state and at the interpersonal level, to the world. The country of official corruption at the state level.
  • Bully
    Bully 22 May 2015 13: 16
    0
    In the list of literature, the author lists the source "Ancient Cossack ancestors". I was not too lazy, I read it. Once again I was convinced of the purposeful idea of ​​playing our people against the Cossacks. What is written there. So it turns out in the battle on Kalka against the Russian troops on the side of the Mongols, the ancestors of the present Cossacks fought. They were then called black hoods. The Russian army was utterly defeated by three Mongolian tumens (30 thousand) and their allies in the person of the Cossack ancestors. This is the information of the author, apparently based on the plot of the book by Vasily Yan "Chingiz Khan". I propose to get acquainted with the data of the Russian chronicle, from which it is clear that the black hoods fought on the side of the Russian army. The number of troops and the loss of the Mongols in this battle are also given. Someone will be very surprised.
  • Bully
    Bully 22 May 2015 13: 19
    0
    And one more passage