Military Review

The song is also a fighter!

The song is also a fighter!

The anniversary of the Great Victory is approaching, and we remember all those who contributed to it in one way or another. We recall soldiers and officers, generals and marshals, partisans and underground fighters, nurses and home front workers ... However, people of creative professions — poets, writers, composers, journalists — contributed to the common cause, but we remember them less often.

Contrary to the well-known saying “When the guns speak, the muses are silent,” practice shows that this is not so. Poems and songs raised the morale of the soldiers during heavy hikes, warmed the wounded souls of the fighters in brief moments of respite. The song was also a comrade in the war, a fighter against fascism.

5 May marks the 100 anniversary of the birth of one of the outstanding Soviet songwriters - Yevgeny Aronovich Dolmatovsky. The future poet was born on May 5 (or April 22 old style) 1915 of the year in Moscow.

While still a schoolboy, Zhenya became a correspondent for such publications for the younger generation as “Pioneer” and “Pioneer Truth”. Then he joined the Komsomol, which sent him to hard work - the construction of the first stations of the Moscow Metro. In 1933, Dolmatovsky entered the Literary Institute. Gorky. Before the war, managed to publish several collections of poems.

Since 1939, he worked as a war correspondent in the Finnish war, and in 1941, the poet, like many other creative people of the Soviet Union, became a chronicler of the Great Patriotic War.

It should be noted that Yevgeny Dolmatovsky’s family was directly affected by the complex and intricate events of the end of the 30s. In 1938, his father was arrested, then in 1939 was shot on suspicion of “counter-revolutionary activities”. But, unlike many who, due to similar cases, he harbored anger in his heart and then even justified his betrayal - Yevgeny Aronovich did not betray his homeland. Moreover, he remained loyal to her and her ideals after the liberals began to stomp the Red flag in the damned 90's.

But it was already later. And then, in 1941, the poet wrote the words for the song “My darling”. She has become one of the most intimate, since she is close to almost every male warrior who remembers the last farewell wave of her hand. Who keeps a photo of his girlfriend and pulls it out before the fight, to look into his own eyes:

I went hiking then
To distant lands.
A handkerchief waved at the gate
My lovely.

... in my little pocket
There is your card,
And mean, we are always together
My lovely.

In the battles for Uman, Dolmatovsky along with the fighters was surrounded, and then captured by the fascists. Fortunately, no one betrayed the executioners that he was a Jew, otherwise his fate would have been predetermined. The poet managed to escape from bondage. She was sheltered by a simple Ukrainian woman, Christina Verbina.

After a miraculous rescue, the poet created many more military songs. One of the most beloved, cheerful and perky, - “You are waiting, Lizaveta, from a friend's greeting”:

My dear,
I am waiting and dreaming
Meet me when you smile
I was brave in battle.
Oh, how would live
Before the wedding, marriage
And hug your beloved!

After the Victory, Dolmatovsky conducted the most fruitful activity, responded wholeheartedly to the tragic and heroic events of the second half of the thunderous twentieth century. In particular, he very deeply experienced the tragedy of Chile, where in 1973 there was a military coup that brought Pinochet to power. When the legitimate president was killed, Salvador Allende, and thousands of people were shot dead at the stadium in Santiago ...

About Chile, again Chile.
Open pain torn wounds
Events have taught us again
That it is early to appease,

wrote Yevgeny Aronovich. And the poem ends like this: “The enraged humanity will appear in the courtroom not as a witness, but as a prosecutor.” And today new and new events continue to stubbornly show that it is still early to be complacent ...

In addition to wonderful songs, in addition to poems and poems, Dolmatovsky wrote several literary and journalistic books. Among them - "Stories about your songs." In this book, the poet-journalist tells history creating the most favorite songs of the people - not only their own, but also created by other authors.

One of the stories of this book is dedicated to the famous song “Favorite City”, written by Dolmatovsky in collaboration with the composer N. Theological. This song was created before the beginning of World War II, in 1939 year. The poet was urgently called to Kiev to work on a song for the film “Fighters”. "... It is still impossible to imagine that you will have to lie in trampled rye with a rifle on the outskirts of this city, and then cross the icy Dnieper, and then - not soon, not soon - pass through the destroyed Khreshchatyk," remembered Dolmatovsky.

On the way to Kiev in a train compartment, he met a pilot who fought in Spain. Then, by a strange coincidence, they were together in the same hotel.

The filmmakers initially planned a farewell song to the school, which, as Yevgeny Aronovich said, “composed easily, but was also easily forgotten.” However, the performer of the role of a pilot, Mark Bernes, came up with another idea: the film should sound a song about pilots.

Dolmatovsky went to his casual acquaintance on the coupe and hotel neighbor - to consult. As a result of frank conversation and the words of the song were born. Nikita Bogoslovsky put them to music.

The director approved the song, but other representatives of the authorities did not like it. Then three co-authors - Dolmatovsky, Theological and Bernes - recorded the song at their own expense. Then there was a long struggle for it, during which the words had to be partially redone. But in the spring of 1941, when the product was already widely known to the people, from somewhere “from above” came an order - to ban! Yevgeny Aronovich addressed the secretary of the Moscow Party Committee, AS Shcherbakov, and he said: "The song cannot be banned." However, prophetically he added: the words “Favorite city can sleep peacefully” may soon become obsolete. The air already smelled of future war ...

And once, during the German bombardment, the poet was among the paratroopers. Everyone had to lie for several hours, clinging to the ground. And one officer suddenly said: “I wish this poet was here now, that he wrote“ My favorite city can sleep peacefully. ” Dolmatovsky, who was lying with everyone on earth, did not admit his authorship. But his words nevertheless came true:

When will my friend return home,
Behind him, native winds will arrive.
Favorite city friend smiles -
Familiar house, green garden, cheerful look.

In May 1945, the Soviet cities smiled at many of those who managed to return to the "familiar house". May gardens happily greeted the winners.

70 years have passed - and again in these hours someone lies under heavy fire, sheds blood, drenches sweat and shoots hated enemies - so that the beloved city can sleep peacefully ...

(Especially for the "Military Review")

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  1. The comment was deleted.
  2. avvg
    avvg 5 May 2015 06: 46
    Good song, in the war always raised the morale of the soldier. Songs of the war years and today, you can listen with pleasure.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Alexey K.
      Alexey K. 5 May 2015 06: 56
      With Great Victory !!!
      1. The comment was deleted.
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      3. gjv
        gjv 5 May 2015 14: 36
        Quote: Alexey K.
        With Great Victory !!!

        How much I listen to this song, cry. Although it’s modern, request for some reason I can’t hold back ...
        1. opus
          opus 5 May 2015 23: 13
          Quote: gjv
          How much I listen to this song, cry

          I, under this one, are always in tears ...

          Hello mother, we have not returned.
          Barefoot to run through the dew.
          Half of Europe walked, half of the Earth.
          This day we brought as best we could
    3. Tatar 174
      Tatar 174 5 May 2015 07: 00
      Quote: avvg
      Songs of the war years and today, one pleasure is listening.

      The way it is! We not only listen, but also enjoy singing to tears in my eyes!
    4. siberalt
      siberalt 5 May 2015 13: 27
      Fell with nostalgia. I tried to play on the phono with the song "Dark Night" by N. Bogoslovsky (kind of "unpretentious" by ear for performance). It opened in a completely different way. Soviet war songs are such a strength of spirit, such penetration into the depths of the soul, that it is impossible to listen to them without tears. Military songs are our national treasure, in truth the treasury of our Great Russian culture.
    5. Alena Frolovna
      Alena Frolovna 5 May 2015 18: 24
      Many of the war songs retain their significance today: the grandchildren of those who have found war are now singing them.

      Let us recall at least a dozen songs created in 1941-1945, known to everyone during the war, and continuing their lives to this day; "In the forest near the front" ("Inaudible from the birches, weightless ..."), "Spark" ("The girl saw off the fighter to the position ..,") and "Enemies burned down their home ..." Mikhail Isakovsky, "Nightingales" ( "Nightingales, nightingales, do not disturb the soldiers ..."), "In a sunny meadow ..." and "We have not been at home for a long time" ("Candles are burning.,..") By Alexei Fatyanov, "In a dugout" ("Beats fire in a small stove ... ") by Alexey Surkov," Roads "(" Oh, roads, dust and fog, .. ") by Lev Oshanin," Accidental waltz "(" The night is short, the clouds are sleeping ... ") by Evgeny Dolmatovsky , "Dark Night" by Vladimir Agagov (for whom this song, apparently, was the only creative take-off ...). The words of these songs, of course, are entirely generated by the war, but in the foreground in them - not war, а that the world she is called to save.

      True, there is another song, also known to everyone then, and now, which has a different character - "Holy War" ("Get up; the country is huge ...") by Vasily Lebedev-Kumach. But firstly, she is the only one, and secondly, it is, in essence, not a song, but a military anthem. Written on the night of June 22-23 (June 24, the text was already published in the newspapers), the words of this hymn found and find a powerful echo in the souls of people:

      ... Get up to the mortal battle.
      ... There is a people's war, the Holy War ...
      And goosebumps, and tears, and pain, and happiness, that then came the VICTORY.

      GK Zhukov answered the question about the songs of Vryna most valued by him as follows; "" Get up, the country is huge ... "," Roads "," Nightingales ".., These are immortal songs... Because reflected in them big soul of the parody", and expressed confidence that his opinion does not disagree with the opinion of" many people. "

      Vadim Kozhinov wrote:
      "A prominent German specialist in Russian, Eberhard Dieckmann, who has been close to me since the 1960s, once told me about, I confess, a very, very surprising fact: in Germany during the war not a single lyric song related to the war was played; there were only military marches and "everyday" songs that were not in any way related to the war... It may be said that the oral communication of one person needs careful verification of facts, but my peer Diekman in this case could not be mistaken: he then lived the same life with his country, even was a member of the local "Komsomol" - Hitler Youth, his older brother fought in the East front, etc.
      Eberhard Dieckmann was very fond of our war songs and more than once asked me to sing one of them; however, somehow after singing Fatyanov's song "We haven't been home for a long time", created in 1945 and talking about guys who are already

      In Germany, in Germany -
      В damned side ...-

      moreover, these lines, in accordance with the structure of the song, are repeated twice, - Eberhard noted that perhaps it would not be worth repeating the word "damned"(I had to remind him of the well-known saying" you can't throw a word out of a song ").

      The German's commitment to our war-born songs is hard to explain; he himself could not give a clear answer to the question of how they are dear to him. But one can, I think, answer this question as follows. No matter how you relate one or another German to Germany in the 1930s and 1940s, who unleashed a world war, he cannot but experience a heavy feeling (even if unconscious) at the thought of the complete defeat of his country in this war".
  3. Siberian
    Siberian 5 May 2015 07: 05
    ............ I recall Afghanistan ... a black sky above my head .... stars above my head from horizon to horizon. Movie movement in the area of ​​the DRB in Helmand province and song: = Dark night, only bullets whistling in the steppe ... = how long it was, but I remember all this as if it happened yesterday ... Yes, this song, other songs gave strength and courage everywhere: in Kandahar, Herat, Jalalabad and even = on the Afghan side in the city of Shindande ... = .. Thank you songwriters ....
    1. Belarus
      Belarus 5 May 2015 10: 22
      I still have a passage of this song on my beloved ...

      Dark night only bullets whistle through the steppe
      Only the wind buzzes in the wires the dim stars twinkle
      On a dark night, you know that you do not sleep
      And secretly wiping a tear from a crib ...
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  5. Landwarrior
    Landwarrior 5 May 2015 07: 27
    "Who says you need to quit a song in a war?
    After the fight, the heart asks for music doubly
    hi good
  6. thinker
    thinker 5 May 2015 07: 36
    For the title picture, it asks:

    The fire beats in a cramped stove
    On the logs, tar, like a tear.
    And the harmony sings to me in the dugout
    About your smile and eyes.

    Bushes whispered to me about you
    In snow-white fields near Moscow.
    I want you to hear
    How yearning my voice is alive.

    You're far far away now
    Between us, snow and snow
    It’s not easy for me to reach you
    And to death - four steps.

    Sing, harmonica, blizzard to spite
    Call the confused happiness!
    I'm warm in the cold dugout
    From your unquenchable love.
    lyrics by A. Surkov, music by K. Listov good
  7. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 5 May 2015 07: 46
    Cossack without a song is not a Cossack. song raises the spirit!
  8. Vityok
    Vityok 5 May 2015 07: 51
    A song helps us build and live!
  9. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee 5 May 2015 08: 20
    Remember how M. Bernes sang "The Dark Night" in the film "Two Soldiers", especially the faces of the soldiers who listened to this song were remembered!
  10. ZU-23
    ZU-23 5 May 2015 09: 13
    Definitely, a song helps in war and in ordinary life, sometimes it’s so bad that you don’t feel like listening to a song, but if you turn on the music or sing it yourself, life seems to be getting better.
  11. knn54
    knn54 5 May 2015 09: 13
    “We equated a feather with a bayonet”
    Lyric poetry during the war years became a powerful spiritual weapon. She addressed every person and it reflected the most frank feelings of ALL the people, ready to give their lives in the name of the Motherland.
  12. atos_kin
    atos_kin 5 May 2015 10: 33
    In the Donbass, a talented author and singer Igor Zhdamirov is fighting. Take care of it.
  13. parusnik
    parusnik 5 May 2015 13: 00
    Favorite song in the movie "Two Soldiers" ..
    Sing, Comrade Combat
    On the glory of Leningrad!
    Words of His Valor
    They thunder on the whole world.
    Fathers stood up for him
    The cannonade rattled
    And defended forever
    Immortal Leningrad.

    Live, holy city
    Live, immortal city!
    Great warrior city
    Our beloved Leningrad!

    Shakes flags on the Neva
    Autumn nights wind.
    The night is clear, like a bright day,
    Floats over the city.
    After all, the city of Lenin is one
    All over the world.
    Who encroached on his honor,
    Will not find mercy!

    Live, holy city
    Live, immortal city!
    Great warrior city
    Our beloved Leningrad!
    I don’t know how for the rest, but for me the most powerful episode of the film ..
  14. tolancop
    tolancop 5 May 2015 15: 11
    I always liked the war songs of those years. There is a soul in them. Many years have passed, but the songs have remained alive. I hope that the same amount will pass, but the songs will not be forgotten, because they are PRESENT. And the songs on the topic "I came, you didn't give it, these are the things ..." in a couple of years no one will remember, which, by the way, can only be glad ... I think that in those days there was a lot of song garbage , but MASTERPIECES remained in the people's memory.
    The songs of those years, from my point of view, are a kind of monument to our victorious people.
    1. cosmos111
      cosmos111 5 May 2015 15: 59
      the song is the same FIGHTER ... no doubt ...

      but first of all: the soldier must be FULL and HEALTHY !!! ((maybe in a hurry)))

      photo, those who fed and treated ...
      2-th Ukrainian 1944 year
      1. cosmos111
        cosmos111 5 May 2015 16: 02
        blood transfusion to the wounded 1942 th ...
      2. cosmos111
        cosmos111 5 May 2015 16: 06
        Cossack sanitation, cossack corps of Belov
      3. cosmos111
        cosmos111 5 May 2015 16: 09
        shoe repair and ammunition 1944 year ...
      4. cosmos111
        cosmos111 5 May 2015 16: 15
        cooking ((which year and where it is not written)))
        1. cosmos111
          cosmos111 5 May 2015 16: 19
          mold repair in field workshops ...
          1. tolancop
            tolancop 5 May 2015 17: 10
            A photograph of the "Soap Bubble" - bath and laundry divisions would also be appropriate.
            K. Simonov paid tribute to them ....
        2. cosmos111
          cosmos111 5 May 2015 16: 22
          and a little humor ... that was in that terrible Great War ...

          nerg, he’s also African-American in the war !!!
  15. s.melioxin
    s.melioxin 5 May 2015 17: 27
    In May 1945, Soviet cities smiled at many of those who managed to return to their "familiar home." May Gardens joyfully greeted victories
    Congratulations to those who returned, remember those who did not live. Congratulations to all the heroes of New Russia today.
  16. wanderer
    wanderer 5 May 2015 17: 52

    But I like these songs !!
    1. Raven1972
      Raven1972 5 May 2015 20: 56

      And I always sing this one on May 9 soldier
  17. EvgenSad
    EvgenSad 5 May 2015 18: 10
    Top cynicism of dill

    Ukraine think before May 9:
  18. Sendi7s
    Sendi7s 5 May 2015 18: 46
    "The poet managed to escape from captivity. A simple Ukrainian woman, Khristina Verbina, hid him." (C)

    I hope that the descendants of Christina Verbina did not accept the power of the Kiev junta.
  19. sunzhenets
    sunzhenets 6 May 2015 14: 35
    For fans of bard songs about the war, I recommend - Mikhail Kalinkin, "Tank Songs". Very much.
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