Voronezh vs Baltimore




In accordance with state plans in the city of Voronezh, it is planned to create the largest in Russia on the basis of the Baltimore or Voronezh-B airfield, as its former name was aviation base. The capital of the Black Earth region is now divided into those who, as they say, vote for both, and those who are categorically against such prospects. Opponents of increasing the number of aircraft at a military airfield say that since Baltimore is located within the city, this is a big risk for residents of the surrounding areas. In addition, the buzz of the Su-27, Su-24M, Su-24MR, An-30 engines reaches such a level that even in a nearby hospital at the time of flights you have to postpone operations, since surgeons cannot hold the scalpel in their hands. Activists of the initiative group, speaking out against the use of Baltimore as a promising base for the Russian Air Force, give a number of other reasons. They motivate their negativity with respect to the activities of the military at the airport, located approximately 5,5 kilometers from the center of Voronezh, by the fact that tons of spent fuel are dumped on the heads of residents living nearby. This fuel settles on trees, and on the ground, and on clothes, which does not contribute to strengthening the health of Voronezh residents.

These people can be understood. The construction of the Baltimore airdrome was begun in the thirties of the last century, and finally completed in 1953. At that moment, Voronezh had not had time to acquire extensive agglomeration, therefore the airfield was located on the outskirts of the city. The planes flew around the city, which was a guarantee of safety. Today "Baltimore" geographically belongs to the Soviet district of Voronezh. In the immediate vicinity of it are holiday villages and neighborhood Shady. Today, airplanes simply need to fly over residential areas to land on the runway (runway).

The residents of the Shady show that the aviation equipment participating in the flights is not distinguished by its novelty, so it’s not an hour, and some fighter or reconnaissance aircraft will simply collapse on the high-rise buildings of the microdistrict.

Today, of those aircraft that are already based at the airfield in Voronezh, at the same time in the air can be no more than four cars. In the coming years, it is planned to add a few Su-34 here, to increase the length of the runway, which will allow a dozen units of airborne combat equipment to take off and land with a small interval. This is especially disturbing the residents of the Soviet district of the capital of the Black Soil Region.

However, in Voronezh, there are a lot of people who speak positively about the transformation of the Baltimore into the largest air base of the country. Firstly, it can attract additional investment in the city. Moreover, in connection with the sum agreed by President Medvedev for the modernization of the army before 2020, investments in the Voronezh airfield can amount to several billion rubles. Secondly, the consolidation of the airfield will increase the number of jobs in the Soviet district of the city. And this is also important for Voronezh today. Thirdly, the development of Baltimore is also the development of the infrastructure of the Shady and other adjacent territories. Today, it’s no secret that in this urban neighborhood from some roads you can come in a state of shock. It seems that the roads were specially left so that the enemy could not get close to the airfield. At some intersections of the Shady pit in the asphalt reach such a depth that the wheels of the cars, getting into them, almost completely go under the level of the road. Therefore, it should be expected that at least the roads of this part of Voronezh will lead to a normal state.

In general, the situation looks quite familiar to Russia. Previously, the city "mourned" a military airfield collapsing in front of his eyes and remembered the years of its active use. And as soon as the ideas of its modernization arose, they immediately began talking about the fact that without the existing aerodrome, the city lived much calmer. At the same time, many residents of the capital of the Black Soil Region are not satisfied with the fact that in 7 km from Novovoronezh NPP there is a landfill for the preservation of the old weapons. They say that a weapon can detonate so that at a nuclear power plant there will be a threat of disaster.

It is difficult in this position to take the liberty and support one of the parties. The indignation of people whose fighter jets fly literally over their heads is understandable. It is especially clear after numerous tragic episodes with aviation technology that have occurred over the past two or three years. The catastrophes in Petrozavodsk and Yaroslavl obviously do not add enthusiasm to the residents of the Sovetsky district.

But if we make hasty conclusions from the last catastrophes, then in Russia it will be necessary to cover not only the Voronezh “Baltimore”. The situation is similar with the military airfield in Chelyabinsk. Yes, and Sochi Airport is also in this series.

If the appeal of the residents of Voronezh to the authorities about the closure of "Baltimore" is accepted by these authorities and decided in favor of the opponents of the air base, then this will be a real precedent for Russia. Dozens of airfields and airports will have to be bulldozed and put into a clean field. However, the problem lies in the fact that with the current level of urbanization, both Voronezh, Chelyabinsk, and Sochi will inevitably expand their borders. So, sooner or later, even a new built airfield will still fall into these boundaries.

The problem needs to be solved not by eliminating air force bases, but by upgrading them and raising the level of professionalism of the pilots and flight attendants. After all, you will agree, if in our country a fairly drunk navigator can get into the cockpit of an airplane, then in principle it doesn’t matter to him where the airfield is located - within the city or behind it. He will “find” a place where he can “launch” both the airliner and the bomber. If there is no control over the state of pilots and military pilots, then those today can do anything. Our country knows many cases when the crew of the plane drank alcohol literally a couple of minutes before takeoff. And this was done with the usual bravado: they say, we are so experienced that we can afford to fly "under a degree." If some Russian pilots before the flight allow themselves to “hurt” during takeoff, it is not known what place the parking brake of the aircraft is, and here neither is the location of the airfield, nor the length of its runway.

The result is one: developing an understanding of responsibility for one’s own life and the lives of people. And this concerns not only the pilots, but also each of us.
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  1. 443190
    443190 7 October 2011 08: 47 New
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    Explicitly custom article. The author in many ways does not represent how he writes. But at the same time he digs a hole for himself, admitting that he raised the issue. You see, the city has approached the airfield. And why not take into account the fact of having an airfield when designing and building a city? The same story is in Chelyabinsk. The airfield of the military school was built 75 years ago. The city then was 20 km away .... And now everyone who squeals not years old ... Noisy ... Danger !!! Well, let’s better make claims to the local authorities ... when decisions were made on the construction of the city.
  2. pokermen
    pokermen 7 October 2011 09: 08 New
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    there are SanPins in the country + other noise standards. if this is not taken into account ...... then what kind of observance of the law are we talking about
  3. Ivan Krasov
    Ivan Krasov 7 October 2011 09: 28 New
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    Let's look at it from the other side. The larger the air base, the greater the potential for damage to the country's defense in the event of hostilities.
  4. vlbelugin 7 October 2011 09: 57 New
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    I hate Americans, but I can’t cite them as an example. They have the nearest gopher within a hundred kilometers of the base, not to mention housing estates.
    A large airbase should be as far from settlements as possible, not to mention such a large city as Voronezh. No matter how new or old aircraft are, technology can always fail; a pilot can always make a mistake.
    It was impossible to consider the Voronezh airfield as a base.
    We are on radio-controlled aircraft models (carried away by old age, a tribute to youth) and then fly where there are no people and buildings. So the model is 6-7 kg and then if you don’t get where the problems will go, and then there are multi-ton cars and it’s even possible with ammunition.
  5. Ion coaelung
    Ion coaelung 7 October 2011 10: 10 New
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    Live where it is not noisy! And if there is no opportunity, then what to do will have to be reconciled! Do not ruin the defense industry! Although, if they were going to create a large-scale airdrome, they could raise some military camp on the wasteland with the airport!
  6. Sergh
    Sergh 7 October 2011 10: 41 New
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    Willingly agrees A. Volodin.
    But the funny thing is, I live one and a half kilometers (Novosib) from the Chkaldy NAPO on the X-floor. So there you go. This plant was transported to the Second World War and produces aircraft until now, and I am grateful for this, why? Yes, it’s buzzing, but a lot of noise, I have a 3-cabinet, one window comes out on it. Is not a fact. There was no noise at the copper plant for a week from the factory, I even doubted that it hadn’t happened. I’ve gotten used to purging engines at night for 40, or even more years, and sleep peacefully, I know this is our defense, that’s how it should be! Even in Israel, near the same airfield, residents are very positive and with understanding of their protection. We forgot why we need these airfields.
    And also a cunning prison, about the discharge of fuel, we have not had a single incident for 40 years. Flights pass overhead, I drove under them and further. I think either this is complete or the district administration in your city is engaged in a “bath complex” or coffee business.
    I am proud of my Chkalda and wait a week later when our 34 will fly again for testing. We do not pay attention to noise !!! This is PROTECTION.
  7. sancho 7 October 2011 11: 17 New
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    Now read this article!

    This is the reason for the development in the area of ​​the military airfield, officials who were directly involved in making this decision

    The noise level in the Teplichny microdistrict is still above the maximum permissible level. Moreover, for the first time it was proved that in the area of ​​the emergency hospital it is also higher than the maximum allowable. Such disappointing measurement results were transmitted last week to the editorial office of Rospotrebnadzor. They make noise, as we have already written more than once, not cars and factories, but fighters from the Baltimore military airdrome.
    Previously, the airfield didn’t bother anyone

    Recall that according to the plan of the Air Force, Voronezh should become the center of Russia's largest air base. Because of this, fighters based on Baltimore have been activated since last year and instead of once or twice a week fly every day and almost every night.

    It is now clear that the Ministry of Defense, making a decision on creating an air base and increasing the frequency of fighter flights, did not think about Voronezh residents and did not expect to face protests from the civilian population (about 100 thousand signatures were collected under the appeal to stop fighter flights ) But here it is reasonable to ask another question: what were the authorities thinking, who allowed the active development of the territories adjacent to Baltimore, for example, the villages Teplichny and May 1? After all, it was not the military airfield that came to the city, but the city in 30 years came close to the military airfield.

    Baltimore appeared at its current location in the 50s of the last century. And the active development of the Sovetsky district began only in the 60s. In the 70s and 80s, high-rise buildings grew in the villages of Teplichny and May 1. In the early 90's in Teplichnoye, in the immediate vicinity of the airfield, the private sector began to be built up. Over the past 10 years, in the village actively built multi-storey buildings "House-Building Plant". Then the proximity of the airfield did not bother anyone - airplanes did not fly as often as they do now.


    The Air Code says that the design, construction and development of urban and rural settlements within the aerodrome territory should be carried out taking into account possible negative effects on the health of citizens and in consultation with the owner of the aerodrome. Over the past 20 years, his visa under building permits has been granted by Mikhail ChUBIRKO, the chief state sanitary officer of the region. These documents were not agreed with the military. Mikhail Chubirko explains this by the fact that, in his opinion, Baltimore simply does not have an aerodrome zone.

    “The aerodrome protection zone has never been developed,” the chief medical officer says. - The military should have developed and approved it as the owners of the facility. Simply put, they were supposed to show the city - this is the protection zone, then do not pan around. When we agreed on building permits, we did not have a single document stating that it was impossible to build there.
    Nobody remembered the military

    In the early 90s, cottage development unfolded in Teplichny. At that time, the region was headed by Alexander Kovalev. The former governor, he is the former mayor (Alexander Kovalev led the city from 2001 to 2003), admitted that during his work he had never discussed with the military the feasibility of building near the airfield.

    “Somehow this question did not arise, there were no complaints about the airdrome,” says Alexander Kovalev. - Moreover, it seemed that everything was going to the point that the airfield could be closed.

    This unsubstantiated assurance was confirmed by the City Development Plan adopted in 2008, which envisages the removal of Baltimore outside the city limits and residential development at the airport site. At the Voronezhproekt Institute, which developed the document, correspondents are “MY!” found that the authors of the General Plan were guided ... all the same confidence in the imminent demise of the airfield. However, the authors of the General Plan added that the removal of the airdrome in the future provided for the General Plan of 1970 and Baltimore, in their opinion, really interferes with the city. Voronezh cannot grow southward due to the proximity of the nuclear power plant; a civilian airport limits development from the north. The former mayor Boris SKRYNNIKOV, during whose time the General Plan was adopted, as you might guess, did not discuss the fate of Baltimore with the military either. In the archives of the site of the city administration "MY!" I found a curious message about the visit of Mayor Boris Skrynnikov in 2006 to Teplichny. Among other things, the message noted that Teplichny would continue to grow and develop - until recently, the village had 6 thousand inhabitants, and it became 17 thousand. Not a word about the military airfield ...

    - We forbade construction where it is impossible to build. For example, next to the runway, - says Boris Skrynnikov. - By all standards, it was possible to build in other places in Teplichny. In addition, there is a ready-made infrastructure, which is important for construction.
    Construction started ... Ministry of Defense

    It is noteworthy that the military remained silent all this time. Before the approval of the General Plan, several public hearings were held. There were no people in uniform on them. Although they probably should have been interested in the absence of Baltimore in the General Plan. Alexander Kovalev explains this by the fact that the current resuscitation of the airfield was a surprise for the military themselves. According to the former governor, after a hasty disbandment of the military base in the Kubinka near Moscow, they decided to place Muscovite pilots as close to the capital as possible. It was then that they recalled Baltimore.

    The fact that the military didn’t have any grandiose plans at Baltimore several years ago is also confirmed by the fact that the streets of the private sector closest to the airfield were built not on urban lands, but on the lands of the Ministry of Defense (!).

    “Our streets - Lugovaya, Zhuravlichnaya and Veshnykh Vody — were originally supposed to be populated by former employees of the Baikonur cosmodrome,” said Natalya TYUNYAEVA, head of the Voronezh initiative group opposing the expansion of the airfield. - The Ministry of Defense allocated land to them, summed up communications and allowed development! Over time, many Baikonur residents sold the plots. We bought them for our trouble ...

    - And what is primary - the person and his needs or the air base? - Boris Skrynnikov wonders. - If some object did not work for a long time, and then suddenly started working, you must admit that it must comply with sanitary norms and rules. The airbase should adapt to the townspeople, and not the townspeople to the airbase.
    Representatives of the air force promise that the noise level from fighter aircraft will decrease after lengthening the runway, and at the end of the year the airfield will receive four new, less noisy Su-34 bombers. Most likely, this is the merit of the initiative group of Voronezh residents, which constantly reminds of itself. Without the intervention of the townspeople, it would hardly have been possible to achieve even such concessions on the part of the military.


    There are two obvious problems.
    The first problem is an increase in the number of aircraft as a result of the formation of an air base, respectively, an increase in the number of flights, including night flights. As a result, the noise level increased.
    The second problem is the presence of an airfield not even within the city, but in the city.

    And, no matter how we consider these problems, they are and they are antagonistic.

    I respect our armed forces. But, at the same time, there really is a threat to the population, and it cannot be reduced. We all have native children, wives, mothers. I think that not a single sane person will exchange the peace and life of his loved ones with love for a nearby existing airfield. And, even the matter is not the noise level. And, the fact is that the equipment has the ability to break, eventually to fall, while at the same time there are tons of fuel on it, and the ammunition can hang. Who wants to experience daily risk above his head?

    Someone may say that the plane took off and sat down, and the city aside. But no. I have repeatedly watched the picture of how the SU-24e missed the runways and turned over the left and right banks of the city of Voronezh, fly over the tower at cruising speed, I will report you a good sound. And, there is still a MIG-31, and they also take off, I won’t talk about them ... he is also a kyrogas, the glass rattles!

    Ah, 40 km. from the airfield there is a training ground for bombing. There is a certain infrastructure there. Here it is necessary to shift it. Already for 5 years in a quiet it is quite possible to move. This is cheaper than construction in Sochi! And, the cats will be full and the mice intact.
  8. gispanec 7 October 2011 12: 00 New
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    the article is full of cuts and the authors are not even yellow but the orange press, all about the hothouse, when shady? Magazines "Mine" .......... in the Komsomol truth is more than 2 times. I especially like this one - "I have repeatedly watched the picture of the SU-24e having missed past the runway, making a U-turn over the left and right banks of the city of Voronezh, flying over the tower at cruising speed, I’ll report you a good sound. And, there’s also a MIG- 31, and they, too, take off, I won’t talk about them ... he is also a kyrogas, the glass rattles "what do you understand, write the order .... did you even visit Voronezh yourself? or with the words of friends? I live in Voronezh not constantly but regularly .... a roar of course is felt, but it is a roar of pride for the revival of the Air Force, and by the way, in the case of a war, there are good chances to live longer ..
    1. sancho 7 October 2011 12: 10 New
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      Freak! You are a cut ..
      Quote: gispanec
      I live in Voronezh not always but regularly ....
      . There is regular sex. Airbase for you ignorant has a number number 7000, I personally know komeskov. I will not call dilettantes, since they flew to Ossetia in the 8th. My garage is right behind the airfield, I can call the sides by numbers.

      Enrage de bills that were born on the computer ...... !!!!

      Sorry friends!
  9. Order 7 October 2011 12: 20 New
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    I myself live in a city in which one of the largest long-range aviation bases of Russia is deployed, moreover, located almost within the city. Yes they fly, it can be noisy, but believe me, this is not so critical. People have long been accustomed to and do not pay attention to this, although the roar of the turbo-prop Tu-shki 95th, which the "bear" will probably be stronger than Su-shki.
  10. pokermen
    pokermen 7 October 2011 15: 13 New
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    At the same time, I also rented an apartment over which the glide path of the Rostov airport passed. It’s not very pleasant when at 2 o’clock in the morning at some 70-80 m some kind of thing flies over the house134.
  11. senya
    senya 7 October 2011 23: 14 New
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    I don’t know .... maybe when the noise from an American plane sounds overhead, then it will be calmer to sleep? .... And Voronezh is a beautiful city ... And next to the Novovoronezh NPP ... three blocks ... and they’re also building a second phase ... Two blocks of 1000 kilowatts ...