Military Review

Old optical horse

28
Why is the PSO sniper scope still not waiting for a replacement


What is the point of sniping, if the shooter, who possesses good skills, cannot, out of his adjusted rifle, charged with a powerful cartridge, accurately send a bullet to the target due to poor-quality aiming equipment?

Unfortunately, in the modern Russian army over the past 20 years in service did not appear new serial sniper sights of domestic production. Moreover, a number of fairly decent products produced, for example, the Novosibirsk Instrument-Making Plant, are in demand among the same hunters. Why this happened is a topic for a separate and, possibly, not one article. In most army and military units, including special forces, armed with are well known to many who still served in the SA sightings of the PSO series.

Old optical horse

Photo from the archive of the author


The first of them - PSO-1 was developed in the distant 1963-m under the then adopted Dragunov sniper rifle (SVD). It is still in service with our army, although in the troops it is now called an automatic with increased accuracy, since it no longer corresponds to its mission. Sniper criteria armshave increased. But the sight, despite its age, has a number of advantages, which allows it to compete with foreign counterparts in the performance of regular combat missions for a motorized rifle sniper and even special units. What is the secret of such longevity?

He, according to snipers, lies primarily in the simplicity of bringing the JI to a normal battle and shooting at different distances. The sight allows you to work without loss of time for various calculations. For firing at any distance, you only need to switch the drum to the appropriate number, and at a distance of more than 1000 meters, aim the target at an additional target mark. The grid helps to measure the distance to the target, which is necessary for accurate shooting. The sighting square (otherwise it is also called the sighting mark) is the most successful of all used in the world sniper practice, since it does not close the target either from below or from above and therefore allows you to clearly select and control the aiming point. This is very important in sniper practice. The advantages also include the fact that the sight does not require parallax adjustment at different distances, since it has already been adjusted to them.

On the sight, there is a rubber eyecup, which is characteristic for PSO, and has an optimal length that facilitates the installation of the correct position of the aiming eye. In addition, it does not allow the appearance of light highlights of the eyepiece lens, which unpleasantly “illuminate” the visual field and tire the eyesight. There is a backlight sighting mesh, which when shooting at dusk is difficult to overestimate. In addition, the scope is very easily removed from the rifle and joins it.

This long-liver is also suitable for more modern sniper complexes adopted for service mainly in special forces units such as VSS, VSK and others. It is worth quoting several combat episodes with the participation of JI, mounted on these rifles.

Vladimir O., the commander of one of the special forces of the Armed Forces, noted the case when the fighters of his unit destroyed five militants from the VSS even before the main group of the enemy realized what was happening. “In the city of VSS (with PSO or night NSPU. - R.I.) is an irreplaceable thing, and the night is not a hindrance either.” The enemy does not hear or see ... Meters before 300 you shoot like in a dash, the main thing is alignment of sight, at night the result is the same, ”Sh. Aliyev shared his experience from the pages of Soldier of Fortune magazine in the North Caucasus. From a similar rifle, according to the recollection of Vladimir N. - then an ensign, instructor of the special intelligence unit of the 8 of the OSPN VV MIA of Russia, the special forces were silently neutralized the guards guarding the repeater on Mount Chaban in August 1999.

And today, having talked with snipers Sergeant Alexander V., Private Mikhail M. (604 of the Central Scientific Clinical Hospital of the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia) and junior sergeant Timur G. (31 of the Omsbr of the Central Military District), you can see that these sights are used in layouts with various rifles, fully justify themselves when performing regular tactical tasks. So, Alexander V. and Mikhail M., who repeatedly went on special business trips to the North Caucasus regions, noted that in the kit, for example, with the SIDS, the standard sight practically did not let them down. JIP is still easy to handle and unpretentious in operation, which allows you to conduct aimed fire at small targets at distances of the corresponding battle.

Another thing when it comes to sniper competitions or aimed shooting at a distance. Here the merits of the “grandfathers of sniper optics” end. All the interviewed snipers said with bitterness that when shooting with PSO (or its Belarusian counterpart - POSP, mounted on the Russian rifles MT-116M, CB-98, CB-99) at a distance over 300 – 400 meters, shooters have serious problems. A well-disguised target becomes invisible, merges with the terrain. The disadvantages of PSO snipers also include a weak fastener to the receiver, because of which amendments to the horizon are often strayed. The poor clarity of the optics (there are sights with glass of a yellow shade) and, again, a weak fastening of the battery, which is why there is often no backlight of the grid.

What do the valorous mare berets do in such cases? They simply buy good imported sights for their hard-earned sights and with their help achieve quite decent results in competitions in which they compete with experienced colleagues from the FSB, FSO or GRU of the General Staff of the Armed Forces. Only those who are armed, as a rule, are import samples of the sights of the companies NightForce and Leupold. The cost of them, by the way, from 160 thousand rubles.

Pro snipers, who work mainly as part of mobile or search reconnaissance groups in mountainous and wooded areas, cannot afford to target an enemy for a long time or to search for him at long distances. The only exceptions are ambush events, when the shooter is provided with a special sniper complex that allows you to complete the task. Observing over long distances and identifying a target through JI is very difficult. The size of the aiming mark at these distances can completely overlap the target, which leads to a loss of uniformity in aiming.

And in conclusion: the main problem of the PSO sight is still not a small magnification. Shooting with optics over long distances is hard in principle. Beginners try to put sights on their weapons with a larger increase. But then most often they state that they get worse with optics than with an open sight. This is due to the physiological characteristics of the human body: the greater the increase in sight, the more the arrow in the visual field jumps to the target and the harder it is to get into it. The heartbeat rhythm of the arrow only intensifies the problem of accuracy with the use of strong optics. Shoot with a large increase in sight can only be very trained snipers or those of them, the combat specificity of which allows shooting with the use of emphasis (bipod).

During the Second World War, the German and Finnish snipers on the Mauser-7,92 high-precision rifles, recognized as the best in the world, had sights with an increase of only two and a half times. It was believed that no longer needed. The Germans had scopes with a tenfold increase, but only masters fired with them. Such a sight got as a trophy, for example, the famous Russian sniper Vasily Zaitsev in a famous duel with the head of the Berlin school of snipers.
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  1. Lt. Air Force stock
    Lt. Air Force stock April 29 2015 21: 15
    +1
    In general, you need to do it differently, install a camera on the rifle, which can work in optical, infrared and night mode, and connect it with wires to the mini display on the soldier's helmet, then you can conduct targeted fire from any position.
    1. sent-onere
      sent-onere April 29 2015 21: 20
      +11
      This ancient sight does NOT allow you to work without loss of time. Calculations with PSO-1 are not required only when shooting at a growth target: measured range on a rangefinder scale, set this range with a flywheel and you can shoot. And when shooting at all other targets - head, chest, waist - the shooter must recalculate the measured range on the ratio of the height of the target to the height of the growth target. It is time and error. Plus, the height of the target sniper has to determine by eye. And if at the shooting range the heights of the targets are standard, known to everyone and quite easily distinguished, then in battle targets can be of any height in the range from 1,7 to 0,3 meters. For example, if a sniper counts a target with a height of 0,4 meters, the head (0,3 meters) or chest (0,5 meters), then the range calculated by him will be 1/3 - 1/5 of the actual range. Hence the blunder.
      1. chunga-changa
        chunga-changa April 30 2015 14: 38
        +1
        The article is just about that.
        fully justify themselves when performing regular tactical tasks.
        Shooting at 300m is shooting at 300m, whatever you call it. With optics, you can only accidentally miss.
        Another thing when it comes to sniper competitions or aimed firing at a range. Here the virtues of the "grandfather of sniper optics" end
        As if everything is simple and clear, no myths, legends and fairy tales. No one blows in your ears that PSO allows you to beat the squirrel in the eye for 3km.
    2. ROD VDVshny
      ROD VDVshny April 29 2015 21: 30
      +11
      Quote: Lt. air force reserve
      In general, you need to do it differently, install a camera on the rifle, which can work in optical, infrared and night mode, and connect it with wires to the mini display on the soldier's helmet, then you can conduct targeted fire from any position.

      Would you mind taking your place in a combat vehicle wearing such a "horned" helmet? And jump into the hatch along with the display, reeling wires and completing the landing time standard? belay lol
      The article is not complete. You can not solve sniper tasks with sights alone. This complex is a trained shooter + high-quality barrel + ammunition + optics, qualitatively different from the gross output. You can continue - a modern sniper needs a rangefinder, a thermal imager, high-quality clothing.
      PSO-1 is designed for rifles and machine guns, which ordinary soldiers are armed with ... it's a massive military SIGHT, and a sniper is a piece of goods, and very expensive. The quality, alas, does not shine, but is tenacious.
      1. Lt. Air Force stock
        Lt. Air Force stock April 29 2015 21: 44
        0
        Quote: CONNECTING ROD VDVshny
        Would you mind taking your place in a combat vehicle wearing such a "horned" helmet? And jump into the hatch along with the display, reeling wires and completing the landing time standard?

        There are wireless options, here is a link to the article.
        http://topwar.ru/page,1,2,16512-rossiya-proyavlyaet-interes-k-italyanskoy-progra
        mme-soldata-buduschego.html
    3. Shadowcat
      Shadowcat April 29 2015 23: 18
      +4
      And finally you need to replace all the robots with the general general! We will be nipabydy!
      (it's sarcasm)

      And let's decide what the conversation is about. About the average fighter Van of whom there are n + 10, or about the professional sniper killer Pete of which Vanechek accounts for several times less?
      1. And Us Rat
        And Us Rat 1 May 2015 01: 23
        0
        Quote: ShadowCat
        And finally you need to replace all the robots with the general general! We will be nipabydy!


        wassat

    4. rpek32
      rpek32 April 30 2015 01: 27
      +4
      Hyperon - a series of Russian pankratichesky sights intended for reconnaissance of targets and conducting aimed shooting from sniper rifles (SVD, SVDK, etc.). The entire series was developed according to the project "Burglar", produced by OJSC "Krasnogorsk plant them. S. A. Zvereva ”(Krasnogorsk, Moscow Region) Chief Designer B. P. Maykov. In 2001, it was adopted.
      (c) Wikipedia

      There was an article about sights in the Russian army.
      http://topwar.ru/43475-sovremennye-rossiyskie-pricely-dlya-strelkovogo-oruzhiya.

      html

      In short, the article is negative, because the author does not own modern information
  2. Same lech
    Same lech April 29 2015 21: 16
    +7
    During World War II, German and Finnish snipers on the Mauzer-7,92 ultra-precise rifles, recognized as the best in the world, had sights with an increase of only two and a half times.


    From the history...

    A distinctive feature of the Finnish sniper Simo Hyayuha was that he did not use a sniper scope. This was due to the fact that, firstly, the glare from the sight gave out a dislocation, and secondly, the sight glass used to freeze. In harsh winter conditions, thus, the sight lost its performance.

    Source: Simo Hyayuha: “White Death”
    1. Per se.
      Per se. April 30 2015 06: 54
      +3
      Quote: The same LYOKHA
      A distinctive feature of the Finnish sniper Simo Hyayuha was that he did not use a sniper scope. This was due to the fact that, firstly, glare from the sight gave out a dislocation
      German extra-class snipers not only preferred scopes with low magnification, but also with a small outer lens, which reduced the amount of glare. Most of the snipers did not work with a record range, but on the contrary, with the most, if possible, permissible minimum. Speaking of sights, they somehow forget that an army sight and a hunting-sports sight are far from the same thing. First of all, these are the requirements for the reliability of the sight itself and the quality of its attachment. Put PSO-1, undoubtedly, a reliable sight, on "Mosinka" and its recoil impulse will eventually "break" even it. Only the war-tested, native sights for this rifle survive here, PU, ​​PE and PB .. What to say about hunting sights designed for weaker recoil, weaker cartridge. The Picatinny rail was conceived as a universal mount for tactical flashlights, handles, reflex sights, and other things here for the "body kit" of an infantryman's weapon ... We have to see it on the receiver covers of "high-precision rifles" using a powerful cartridge, such as 7,62 × 51 mm (.308 Winchester), 7,62 × 67 mm (.300 Winchester Magnum), 8,6 × 70 mm (.338 Lapua Magnum) ... How much the rail principle of the rail is commensurate with the fixing quality of the sight, for applications for ultra-long-range accuracy How much is the price (quality) of a universal mount commensurate with the price of a specialized rifle? Shooting range and war, battle and competition are far from the same thing, and this must be taken into account.
  3. sent-onere
    sent-onere April 29 2015 21: 20
    +2
    Well, there are other developments. http://shvabe-rnd.ru/prod/shva-obor-zash/dnev-pric/psu.html
  4. dima-fesko
    dima-fesko April 29 2015 21: 23
    +6
    The old is not bad. You just need to combine the old and the new modern achievements of science in a timely manner. This symbiosis can give tremendous results!
  5. OlegLex
    OlegLex April 29 2015 21: 23
    +3
    In my opinion, the author’s reasoning is rather strange (I’ll make a reservation that I liked the article) he cited the facts but didn’t draw any conclusions, although he seemed to announce this in the title. the fact that PSO needs to be upgraded is unambiguous, but still it’s worth noting that it is almost perfect for its niche. and the fact that it is not suitable for shooting at a distance of more than three hundred, well, yes it does not fit, and yet we do not have sights that meet their characteristics for this task. And accordingly, our defense industry should take care of this.
  6. denni
    denni April 29 2015 21: 23
    +3
    The old man is already our PSO. Although for Kalash, it will still work.
  7. lance
    lance April 29 2015 21: 25
    +6
    The sight of the rifle lies in its purpose. Therefore, the author of the article is right, in Russia this is a massive battlefield. For abroad, achieving the goal at the maximum distance.
  8. Havoc
    Havoc April 29 2015 21: 31
    +8
    German and Finnish snipers recognized as the best in the world during World War II

    And who recognized, and whether some competitions were held that we have not heard about. German asses also did not have to confirm their victories. but Vasily Zaitsev clearly showed who is the best.
  9. bmv04636
    bmv04636 April 29 2015 21: 42
    +2
    Schwabe doesn't make bad sights
    1. fzr1000
      fzr1000 April 29 2015 23: 29
      0
      Moreover, in free sale.
  10. Evilcat
    Evilcat April 29 2015 21: 47
    +3
    Controversial article. Do not consider it criticism, but do not you think that the tasks of the army sniper and special forces sniper are somewhat different? Accordingly, the equipment should be different. So much to what can be agreed. Take, for example, the Steyr AMR / IWS 2000. An excellent rifle for destroying lightly armored vehicles up to 2,5 km. But manpower can work. And we sigh that we don’t have that. What's the point?
    1. poquello
      poquello April 29 2015 23: 33
      +1
      Quote: EvilCat
      ... Take, for example, the Steyr AMR / IWS 2000. A great rifle to destroy lightly armored vehicles up to 2,5 km. But manpower can work. And we sigh that we don’t have that. What's the point?

      since when did a rifle with a feathered armor-piercing projectile become a rifle? with whom are you going to sigh at the non-standard cartridges of this 18 kilogram chukha?
    2. Nrsimha42
      Nrsimha42 April 29 2015 23: 38
      +2
      It’s beautiful, it’s beautiful, only it wedges in the freezing cold, why some of our special forces refused it. Not for our frosts it was developed.
  11. VeryBravePiggy
    VeryBravePiggy April 29 2015 22: 01
    +10
    New powerful scopes are awesome. But in the presence of arms that do not grow from the shooter's shoulders, but, on the contrary, from the lower ischial hemispheres, as well as thieving procurers and government buyers, any scope, like any rifle, will be useless. The problem appears to be complex. Let us now omit the question of MASS training of personnel of an ordinary army, and not special forces. Let's consider only the component directly related to "software". That is, on the one hand, for the army and special services, Russian optics, even super-expensive, as a rule, does not fit, due to the impossibly broken price, and, at the same time, the poor quality of the product compared to foreign samples of similar cost (this is concerns weapon tuning, body kit, camouflage, shoes and more). On the other hand, a lot of money is allocated to law enforcement agencies, but they often buy outright slag under government contracts (the scheme is well-known, and, with the good example of Vasilyeva and Serdyukov, it will only expand and spike from year to year). You don't have to go far to find an example: for SOBR they bought "Universal transport vests in olive color for employees of special forces" of the Borisoglebsk garment factory for !!! 7500 rubles !!! I held this squalor in my hands. The fabric is never a cordura, but ordinary nylon. For airsoft players, with a careful attitude, it will do. But completely unsuitable for military use. The fabric is weak, the pouches are uncomfortable, they tear and sprawl almost when assembling the entire system, even with a simple opening, not to mention the combat loads.
    And I would shoot those who bought this rubbish for SOBR employees who daily fight with dangerous criminals and risk their lives without trial.
    This is just a small example, and there are thousands of such examples in all spheres of our life (in the army, and in the police, and in medicine, and in the state / municipal administration ...).
    As long as the thieves remain to live, as long as their property is not confiscated, as long as the word "honor" only evokes a zoological cackle, we will not get out of this pit.
  12. zennon
    zennon April 29 2015 22: 06
    +3
    During World War II, German and Finnish snipers on the Mauzer-7,92 ultra-precision rifles, recognized as the best in the world, had sights with an increase of only two and a half times. It was believed that no longer needed.

    What nonsense ?! In the first place, no "Mauser-7,92" did not exist. Well, perhaps only in the inflamed brain of the author of the article. In the war the Germans used the Mauser 98k, chambered for 7,92 X 57 mm. The Germans did not produce any special sniper rifles at all. They simply selected the rifles with the best combat from each batch and equipped them with optics. Which one? The main one was the ZF 39 (Zielfemrohr 1939), or Zielvier-quadruple. There were several modifications. Hensoldt came across & Soehne, also quadruple. In July 1941, another sight was adopted - the ZF 41 (Zielfernrohr 41), also known as the ZF 40 and ZF 41/1, which provided one and a half times magnification, not 2,5 times. The rifle with such a sight was positioned as a rifle for shooting with increased accuracy, and not like a sniper. There was a six-time telescopic sight Carl Zeiss Jena Zielsechs, but this is a rarity. The Germans also copied our sight PU 3,5x22. As for the duel between Zaitsev and the "Head of the Berlin School of Snipers". We know about this exclusively from the autobiography of Zaitsev's "Sniper Notes". In addition, in 1942-1943, during the Battle of Stalingrad, there were no sniper schools in Berlin. Further, Zaitsev - although he usually gives specific dates in his book - does not write exactly when he killed Konings.
    Zaitsev wrote that he killed Konings in the afternoon thanks to the glare of the sun on a rifle or on the sight of a German. But for this, Konings had to sit in ambush, facing the west - towards the setting sun - and the German positions were facing the east. The argument that everything was mixed in Stalingrad and people could be anywhere is also not canal. Such a formidable sniper like Konings. could not ignore such elementary things. According to Zaitsev, when it got dark, he and Kulikov dragged Konings' body to the Soviet positions. “We extracted his documents and delivered them to the division commander,” he writes. At the same time, there have not yet been any Soviet or post-Soviet sources - except for Zaitsev's memoirs - that would provide at least some details about these documents or even acknowledge their existence. As a boy, as a boy, I saw a "night" sight in the CMVS, allegedly belonging to Konings but now there is nothing there ... Being interested in this issue, I shoveled a lot of information, but I did not find any "tenfold" in the war among the Germans. In general, this story is from the category of political instructor Klochkov. He was and was a hero! But he died 2 days before of how, at the whim of military journalists, he shouted about Moscow behind his back ... The country needed heroes, but this does not mean that now we must support Soviet mythology.
    1. Havoc
      Havoc April 29 2015 23: 08
      +3
      Quote: zennon
      During World War II, German and Finnish snipers on the Mauzer-7,92 ultra-precision rifles, recognized as the best in the world, had sights with an increase of only two and a half times. It was believed that no longer needed.

      What nonsense ?! In the first place, no "Mauser-7,92" did not exist. Well, perhaps only in the inflamed brain of the author of the article. In the war the Germans used the Mauser 98k, chambered for 7,92 X 57 mm. The Germans did not produce any special sniper rifles at all. They simply selected the rifles with the best combat from each batch and equipped them with optics. Which one? The main one was the ZF 39 (Zielfemrohr 1939), or Zielvier-quadruple. There were several modifications. Hensoldt came across & Soehne, also quadruple. In July 1941, another sight was adopted - the ZF 41 (Zielfernrohr 41), also known as the ZF 40 and ZF 41/1, which provided one and a half times magnification, not 2,5 times. The rifle with such a sight was positioned as a rifle for shooting with increased accuracy, and not like a sniper. There was a six-time telescopic sight Carl Zeiss Jena Zielsechs, but this is a rarity. The Germans also copied our sight PU 3,5x22. As for the duel between Zaitsev and the "Head of the Berlin School of Snipers". We know about this exclusively from the autobiography of Zaitsev's "Sniper Notes". In addition, in 1942-1943, during the Battle of Stalingrad, there were no sniper schools in Berlin. Further, Zaitsev - although he usually gives specific dates in his book - does not write exactly when he killed Konings.
      Zaitsev wrote that he killed Konings in the afternoon thanks to the glare of the sun on a rifle or on the sight of a German. But for this, Konings had to sit in ambush, facing the west - towards the setting sun - and the German positions were facing the east. The argument that everything was mixed in Stalingrad and people could be anywhere is also not canal. Such a formidable sniper like Konings. could not ignore such elementary things. According to Zaitsev, when it got dark, he and Kulikov dragged Konings' body to the Soviet positions. “We extracted his documents and delivered them to the division commander,” he writes. At the same time, there have not yet been any Soviet or post-Soviet sources - except for Zaitsev's memoirs - that would provide at least some details about these documents or even acknowledge their existence. As a boy, as a boy, I saw a "night" sight in the CMVS, allegedly belonging to Konings but now there is nothing there ... Being interested in this issue, I shoveled a lot of information, but I did not find any "tenfold" in the war among the Germans. In general, this story is from the category of political instructor Klochkov. He was and was a hero! But he died 2 days before of how, at the whim of military journalists, he shouted about Moscow behind his back ... The country needed heroes, but this does not mean that now we must support Soviet mythology.


      It is strange that the person, as he writes, devoted a lot of time to studying the issue of the duel between Zaitsev and Koenig, could not get to the bottom of the truth. Major Köning is a pseudonym for the head of the school of sniper field troops of the SS Heinz Torvald, whom V. Zaitsev shot and killed in Stalingrad. Indeed, Torvald was called to the front to fight against V. Zaitsev, and this is all the confusion.
      1. zennon
        zennon April 29 2015 23: 58
        +1
        Quote: Havoc
        Major Kening is an alias

        Yes, I know that too! But only in the suburb of Berlin Zossen there was no sniper school! And the SS standartenfuhrer Heinz Torvald could not lead it! The German prize winner, Heinz Torvald did not shoot, but he did not supervise the school and did not participate in the 1936 Berlin Olympics .Here is a leaflet glorifying Zaitsev. The sniper Könling killed a mole. And on the photo is the Governor of Paris General Marie Pierre König! Absolutely real person. That's where this fake came from.
        1. Havoc
          Havoc April 30 2015 01: 12
          +3
          Quote: zennon
          Quote: Havoc
          Major Kening is an alias

          Yes, I know that too! But only in the suburb of Berlin Zossen there was no sniper school! And the SS standartenfuhrer Heinz Torvald could not lead it! The German prize winner, Heinz Torvald did not shoot, but he did not supervise the school and did not participate in the 1936 Berlin Olympics .Here is a leaflet glorifying Zaitsev. The sniper Könling killed a mole. And on the photo is the Governor of Paris General Marie Pierre König! Absolutely real person. That's where this fake came from.

          You read above what the school was called and not the fact that it was near Berlin, anyone could come up with a pseudonym, but the fact that Zaitsev killed Torvald is a fact recognized by everyone, except for you of course. And this is not a leaflet but a modern collage.
        2. Prometheus
          Prometheus April 30 2015 14: 26
          +1
          Yes it’s Strelkov, only a little cut!
  13. Sasha75
    Sasha75 April 29 2015 23: 01
    +5
    1.PSO-1 (x4)
    2.PSO-2 (x6)
    3.PSO-3 (x8)
    Everything is very simple PSO increased multiplicity began to enter the army and had to replace or supplement PSO1. But there was a restructuring and the collapse of the USSR, the production capacity of PSO2 remained in Belarus. And here the reduction of the army and somehow it didn’t become so, and we will be honest for the conscript soldier by the eye, and we didn’t even learn sniper art, we didn’t even shoot from sniper rifles. Only Chechnya made it move.
  14. Inok10
    Inok10 April 30 2015 00: 17
    +4
    .. did not put a minus or a plus .. just about anything ..
    there is not a sniper without a sniper complex, have not heard of this?
    - rifle
    - Cartridge
    - sight
    - Well, Shooter naturally ..
    .. everything else verbiage and a bad dancer can always help a good surgeon .. laughing
    1. bolat19640303
      bolat19640303 April 30 2015 07: 34
      +1
      As a mass rifle of improved combat between SVD and PSO, it was the best fit for a SA conscript soldier appointed as a "sniper". Effective firing range of up to 800 m on the battlefield is quite enough. A 4x increase for this range is sufficient, but perhaps more is needed. It is very problematic to hit, and even more so it is guaranteed to hit a target at a long distance (meaning: 1 shot - 1 defeat).
  15. Prickly_58
    Prickly_58 April 30 2015 13: 45
    0
    Before you say the scope is good or not, you need to find out what task it is designed to perform, if it is long-distance shooting or sports shooting, this sight is definitely not suitable. If we are talking about shooting at medium distances in a battlefield, perhaps the sight is very good. In this case, he does not need a large multiplicity, since the field of view of the sight is greatly narrowed, there is a chance of losing the target (which is constantly maneuvering) and not finding it. 4 krata is the most. And optical defects at such distances are not yet critical. And the thickness of the reticle at this distance is still normal. I myself use a scope with a variable magnification of 800-2,5 at a distance of up to 10 meters. At a minimum, at 2,5 you can use it in general as a collimator.
  16. Havoc
    Havoc April 30 2015 21: 28
    0
    Optical sight PSO-1 and its modifications
    Scope sniper pankratichesky "Hyperon"
    The unified rifle scope USP-1 "Tulip"
    Optical sight grenade launcher PGO-7V
    Reflex Sight 1P63
    Optical sight 1P76
    Riflescope 1P77
    Riflescope 1P78 and its modifications
    Machine gun sights SPP and SPP-M


    Rangefinder sight 1P65 "Doublet"
    Automated sight rangefinder "Lynx-LD"
    Night sights 1PN91 and 1PN91-1
    Night sights 1PN93-1 (2,3,4) Magnus
    Day and night sights 1PN100 and 1PN114
    Night sights 1PN101 and 1PN111
    Day and night sights for automatic grenade launcher 1PN102 and 1PN102-1
    Night sights 1PN110 and 1PN113
    Thermal Sight "Shahin" and its modifications
    Thermal imaging sight 1PN116 and its modifications
    Special night sights "Antisniper"
    Complex sighting universal night vision "Alpha 1962"
    Radar Sight "Farah

    Sights in service with the Russian army.