It should be recalled that the display of the latest military technology at the parade 2015, is not a surprise. The existence of such plans was announced a few years ago, after which the general public could only wait and make assumptions. Some features of the appearance of promising machines, disclosed by the Ministry of Defense, also did not newsSince now photos and video recordings with this technique have appeared in free access. Nevertheless, some of the units of the new technology are still hiding under canvas covers, which is why the Victory Parade will really be a full-fledged premiere of cars.
We study the published list of military equipment that will participate in the festivities, and consider the available information about it.
The first in Red Square will be Tanks T-34-85 and self-propelled guns SU-100, after which the Tiger armored vehicles will appear. After the armored cars in the basic version, seven similar vehicles will come out onto the square, equipped with the latest Kornet-D anti-tank missile system. The Ministry of Defense has already published a photo from a training session before the parade, which depicts such a combat vehicle. Despite the fact that the prototype of the Kornet-D ATGM has already been demonstrated at various exhibitions, the launchers of the parade samples are covered with canvas covers. The military seeks to maintain intrigue.
The main objective of the complex "Cornet-D" is the destruction of armored vehicles and fortifications of the enemy. In addition, the updated missiles allow, if necessary, to attack and air targets. In the version for installation on the Tiger armored car, the missile system is made in the form of a set of units. The most notable: two launchers with mounts for containers of four missiles. Launchers are mounted in the rear of the body and have a set of drives with which they can be pushed over the roof and retracted. Both launchers are equipped with equipment to search for targets and control missiles. Thus, one combat vehicle can simultaneously attack two targets. According to some reports, if necessary, one launcher can simultaneously launch two missiles and control them.
According to open sources, three types of guided missiles can be used as part of the Kornet-D ATGM system: 9М133ФМ-3, 9М133М and 9М133М-2. These products have different characteristics and purpose. Thus, the 9М133ФМ-3 rocket is equipped with a high-explosive warhead and is capable of flying over a distance of up to 10 km. The 9M113FM and 9М133М-2 products are equipped with thermobaric and cumulative warheads, respectively. Their range is up to 8 km. Rockets of all three types are controlled by a laser beam. The automation of the complex directs the beam towards the target, and the rocket equipment keeps it at a predetermined course, guided by the position of the beam.
At the end of March, domestic media reported that the Arzamas Machine-Building Plant had transferred five Tiger armored cars to the Tula Instrument Design Bureau, which were to receive equipment for the Kornet-D complex. After installing the necessary equipment machines had to take part in the parade. After that, they will be transferred to the military for testing. An interesting fact is that only five vehicles were transferred for conversion, although the Ministry of Defense reports that seven armored vehicles with missiles will pass across Red Square. Obviously, experienced cars will be involved in the festivities.
After the anti-tank complexes on Red Square, a column of various armored vehicles will appear as part of the BTR-82A armored personnel carriers, as well as the Typhoon-K and Typhoon-U armored vehicles. Then, viewers will be able to see the new equipment currently being delivered to the airborne troops. 10 BMD-4M airborne combat vehicles will appear first in public. Their participation in the Victory Parade can be considered a point in the lingering stories with the tests and adoption for service, which for various reasons was delayed for several years.
BMD-4М was developed specifically for armament of the Airborne Forces, which affected its many features. The assault vehicle has a combat mass at the level of the 14 T, which allows it to be transported by military transport aircraft, as well as paratrooped. Inside the body of anti-bullet armor are three crew members and a landing of five people with weapons. The BMD-4М is equipped with the “Bakhcha-U” combat module, ensuring the defeat of various types of targets using the most suitable weapons. The crew has a 100-mm 2-70 gun with the ability to launch rockets, a 30-2 automatic gun and a PKT machine gun mounted on the same machine.
At the end of last year, a new assault landing vehicle completed the tests. According to reports, to date, the troops delivered more than two dozen such machines. Until the end of the year it is planned to transfer several dozen BMD-4М to the troops.
Following the BMD-4M, ten BTR-MDM Rakushka armored personnel carriers, also under construction for the airborne troops, will be stationed on Red Square. This technique was developed on the basis of a new assault vehicle and was also intended to upgrade the fleet of airborne vehicles. The start of production and supplies to the troops was also associated with certain difficulties, which is why “Shells” began to enter the troops relatively recently.
The BTR-MDM armored personnel carrier was developed on the basis of some units of the BMD-4M landing vehicle. It differs from the base machine in a large, characteristic-shaped hull, inside which are places for a crew of two and 13 paratroopers. The crew and landing force are protected from small arms bullets and shrapnel artillery pieces. For self-defense, the crew has one PKTM machine gun on the turret.
The first armored personnel carriers of the new model were transferred to the troops back in 2013 year. The following year, the Airborne Forces received another dozen of these vehicles. 12 units were shipped in March 2015. Deliveries of equipment continue. In the future, the Airborne Forces should receive at least several dozen new armored personnel carriers.
BTR and BMP "Kurganets-25"
After the equipment for the Airborne Forces, viewers will be shown 10 of the newest armored personnel carriers and 10 infantry fighting vehicles of the Kurganets-25 family. The essence of the project "Kurganets-25" was the creation of a unified tracked platform that can be used as the basis for armored vehicles of various classes. To date, the development and construction of an experimental batch of armored vehicles in the configuration of an armored personnel carrier and infantry fighting vehicles has been completed. It should be noted that the equipment based on the Kurganets-25 platform is one of the main innovations of the upcoming Victory Parade.
As follows from the published photos, the armored personnel carrier and the BMP "Kurganets-25" have unified chassis with minimal differences. The universal platform has a distinctive appearance, formed by several straight surfaces. The level of protection of the armored hull has not yet been called, but there is reason to believe that the "Kurganets-25" will be able to protect the crew from small arms and small-caliber artillery of the enemy. In order to avoid hitting the car in a side view, the platform is equipped with rather large side screens.
The appearance of the combat vehicles shown suggests that they have the layout characteristic of modern technology of this class. Apparently, in the front of the body "Kurgants-25" are the engine and transmission units. Behind him are the jobs of the driver and the commander, and the hull feed is given for the placement of the landing force. In the middle of the hull roof there is a shoulder strap for a combat module with weapons. The unified platform "Kurganets-25" has a chassis with six track rollers on each side. The drive wheel is located in the front of the hull, directing - in the stern.
Armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles, having a different purpose, should receive a different set of equipment. First of all, these are different combat modules. Official information about the used weapons machines based on the "Kurganets-25" has not yet been announced. Nevertheless, one can say that the armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles are equipped with different combat modules: the units covered with a tarpaulin are seriously different even in size. The contours of the covers suggest that the BTR will carry a combat module with machine guns, and the “main caliber” of the new BMP will be a small-caliber gun. In addition, numerous small aggregates mounted on the outer surface of the body of an infantry fighting vehicle are striking. For some reason, they, like combat modules, are still hidden under a tarp.
Most of the information about the technology on the basis of the unified platform "Kurganets-25" still remains secret. It remains to hope that in the very near future, the public will be provided with detailed information on new armored vehicles, which in the next few years will begin to enter the troops.
Immediately after the armored vehicles based on the Kurganets-25 platform, it is planned to show heavy-duty infantry fighting vehicles created as part of the Armata project. This project, like the "Kurganets-25" was developed taking into account the creation of vehicles of various classes based on a common chassis, components and assemblies. At the moment, as far as is known, tanks and infantry fighting vehicles have been built on the basis of this platform. In the future, there may be other types of military equipment.
The heavy armored infantry fighting vehicle "Armata" is designed to transport personnel and its fire support on the battlefield. A similar purpose affected a number of characteristic features of the new car, as well as its appearance. In addition, a detailed examination of the published photos shows that the chassis of the infantry fighting vehicle is deployed "backwards" of the chassis of the Armata tank, which served as the basis for the BMP.
BMP "Armata" refers to the heavy class, however, the overall layout is almost no different from previous domestic cars in its class. Thus, the engine compartment of the machine is located in front of the case. Behind MTO is a department of management with jobs of the driver and commander. The middle and aft of the hull are given under the troop compartment. The landing is done through a door or doors in the rear hull sheet. To increase the level of protection, the frontal part of the body is equipped with an original design reservation. Also on the machines shown there are relatively small screens located on the sides of the troop compartment.
The heavy infantry fighting vehicle based on the Armata platform is equipped with a combat module, the type of which has not yet been officially named. At the rehearsals of the parade, this unit is closed by a cover. In addition, under the fabric are hidden some units on the roof of the case. Apparently, the Armata infantry combat vehicle will receive a combat module with a small-caliber automatic cannon, similar to that used on the Kurganets-25 infantry fighting vehicle. Capacity of the troop compartment is still unknown.
As part of the column of modern and advanced main battle tanks must pass ten cars of the type "Armata". These tanks can be considered a real “highlight of the program,” since the renewal of the fleet of such equipment is one of the most pressing problems, and their first demonstration had to wait several years. In addition, it should be remembered that the military and defense industry promised to show the Armata tanks at the 2015 parade of the year and kept their promise.
One of the reasons for the increased interest in the Armat tank is the fact that it was developed almost from scratch. In this project, certain developments on tank themes were used, but it is not a direct development of already existing developments. In particular, the Armata is the first domestic tank, the entire crew of which is located in a single control unit inside the armored hull. This arrangement provides the highest possible level of crew protection. In addition, as far as we know, the new tank received a fully automated uninhabited turret with an 125 caliber mm gun. Such features make it possible to consider the Armata a real breakthrough not only in the domestic, but also in the world tank building.
Tank "Armata" is based on the same chassis as the heavy BMP. Nevertheless, the tank chassis has a layout peculiar to this class of equipment: the engine and transmission are located in the stern, and the middle part of the hull is given to the crew and, probably, to some tower units. Unlike previous domestic tanks, "Armata" is equipped with a chassis with seven support rollers on board. The exact characteristics of protection and weapons, for obvious reasons, are still unknown. Moreover, the appearance of the tower remains unknown. These units, together with the tools are still hidden under the covers.
May 9 will be held the first public demonstration of the new self-propelled artillery "Coalition-SV". The development of this car started a long time ago, but the “premiere” will take place only at the future Victory Parade. Unfortunately, some lovers of military equipment, the new ACS was built on the updated version of the project. Recall, it was originally planned to create an artillery system with two guns on a common installation. In the future, it was decided to abandon such bold and unusual decisions. The result of the project was a self-propelled gun on a tank chassis, equipped with one gun in a large tower.
According to reports, the basis for the ACS "Coalition-SV" was a modified chassis of the main tank T-90. The original tower with an 152 caliber mm gun is installed on the hull strap. Previously appeared information about the work on the creation of an uninhabited tower, all units of which will work without the direct participation of the crew. The published photo shows that the commander and the driver of self-propelled guns are located inside the hull. This fact can be considered confirmation of the creation of an uninhabited tower.
The characteristics of the new weapon are not yet known. There is reason to believe that the ACS "Coalition-SV" has received a modern digital fire control system, which allows it to be used in various modes for different combat missions. For self-defense, the self-propelled gun received a large-caliber machine gun mounted on a remote-controlled turret on the roof of the tower.
Participating in the training of self-propelled "Coalition-SV", like other new machines, did not remain without disguise. Cloth covers covered their towers. Outside the canvas "veil" are only a gun and turret with a machine gun.
The latest ground-based parade should be an armored personnel carrier on the basis of a unified wheeled platform "Boomerang". Three such cars must pass through Red Square. The development of the Boomerang project was carried out in parallel with the Kurgan-25 and Armata. BTR based on this platform are designed to replace the existing wheeled armored vehicles, whose characteristics are not fully satisfied with the military.
The Boomerang vehicle has the wheel formula 8х8 and can be similar in its layout to other modern armored personnel carriers of this class. Despite the tarp, which hides the entire upper part of the hull and the combat module, we can draw some conclusions about the location of the internal units. The armored personnel carrier engine is probably located in the front of the hull, on the starboard side. To his left is a driver. They are provided for the volume to accommodate the troops, weapons and necessary equipment. Leave the car is supposed to be through the ramp or the door in the aft hull.
Characteristics of the armored personnel carrier "Boomerang" have not yet been announced. There is no reliable information regarding the used combat module. The architecture of the machine allows the use of various units with weapons. Planned to show the car, probably equipped with combat modules with machine guns, traditionally used on domestic armored personnel carriers.
9 May 30 parades dedicated to Victory Day will be held throughout the country. In all these activities will be involved as personnel, and equipment of various types. From the point of view of technology, the parade in Moscow is of the greatest interest, where the first show of several new combat vehicles will take place. The list of this technology has already been announced, some other details are known. It remains to wait less than three weeks, and everyone will be able to see with their own eyes what will come into service with the Russian army in the coming years.
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