Neighborhood Defense

Recently, cooperation between Russia and Kazakhstan is gaining momentum. Only military agreements were signed by more than eight dozen. Among them is the March plan for a strategic partnership between countries. Cooperation also applies to joint exercises: there were ten of them in 2010, and 12 has already been held in the current one. Arms deliveries have not been forgotten either: they are carried out simultaneously by Rosoboronexport and the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.
Now to the old agreements added a new one. The two countries will create a joint air defense system, similar to those already made between Russia and Belarus, as well as Russia and Armenia.

Thanks to the creation of a single air defense, Kazakhstan receives a unique opportunity to acquire the C-400 Triumph anti-aircraft missile systems, which are currently in service with only Russia and are banned for sale abroad. However, the Kazakh side will not receive new complexes today or tomorrow. The production resources of the Almaz-Antey concern are now engaged in the manufacture of Triumphs for Russia. In turn, the production of C-400 for Kazakhstan will begin only after a few years. According to various estimates, you will have to wait until 2014-15 of the year.


Neighborhood Defense


During this time, the entire infrastructure of management, communications, etc. should be created. unified air defense system. Until the system is created and Kazakhstan has not received Triumph, its anti-aircraft gunners will use the systems of the previous generation - C-300PMU2 - the newest export version of this air defense system.

Negotiations are also under way for the supply of Russian military air defense systems. The delivery of the Pantsir-S air defense system is already scheduled. In addition to Pantsir, Kazakhstan is likely to purchase short-range Tor-2МE and medium-sized Buk-2МE complexes designed to directly cover the troops from the enemy’s air.



Russian Defense Minister A. Serdyukov said that future deliveries of new anti-aircraft missile systems to Kazakhstan and the creation of a unified air defense system with this country is bringing the day when all the CSTO countries will be protected by a single anti-aircraft and anti-missile shield.

Recall, in contrast to older complexes, C-400 can hit not only the targets of the type "airplane" or "cruise missile", but also the combat units of intercontinental missiles, which makes Triumph a universal system for protecting objects. The defeat of aerodynamic targets (airplanes, helicopters, cruise missiles, etc.) with C-400 missiles is possible at a distance from 2 to 400 kilometers, ballistic (ballistic missile warheads) - from 7 to 60 km. The height of the destruction of the target - from 5 meters to 30 km.

If everything is clear with the air defense, then the question arises about missile defense: from whom do we defend ourselves? The answer is logical: in recent years, a lot of talk has been going on in the international arena about the possibility of the emergence of strategic missiles in “unreliable countries” like Iran or North Korea. At the same time, the United States and Europe are creating their missile defense system located in Europe. But Kazakhstan is geographically closer to the same Iran than Poland or the Czech Republic. Therefore, the very fact of the deployment by the Kazakhs on their territory of “universal” missiles looks like a correct and logical move.

As for Russia's cooperation with Kazakhstan, and not with the European-American side, the clue may lie in the fact that Russia has not yet received guarantees from the creators of the Euro-Atlantic missile defense system that this system is not directed towards Russia.
There is also an opinion that Russia, while maintaining relations with China, cannot participate in strategic military projects of countries that have more complex relations with the Middle Kingdom.

The opinion of the Deputy Director of the Information and Press Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia V. Kozin speaks in favor of the opinion on guarantees of the Euro-Atlantic system. He doubts that the planned deployment of nine hundred antimissiles by 2015 is too large a measure for the alleged defense against promising Iranian and North Korean missiles. At the same time, Kozin noted, American experts openly declare that such a number of interceptor missiles will be enough for defense against Russia, and this is a reason for doubts about the honesty of the motives of the creators of the Euro-Atlantic missile defense system.



Well, for now there are disputes over the reasons for deploying missile defense in a particular country, military cooperation between Russia and Kazakhstan continues. On the supply of the Kazakh side of the new modernized T-90С tanks, there is no talk yet, said Deputy Chief of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces V. Gerasimov, but deliveries in other areas are being made. For example, at the 30 parade in August in Astana, among other equipment, tank support vehicles BMPT “Frame”, also known under the nickname “Terminator”, TOS-1A flame-thrower system “Solntsepek” and a number of other models were shown.


In addition to the supply of the technology itself, Russia and Kazakhstan are actively cooperating in the field of communications at various levels for the troops.
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