Military Review

Day of the legal service specialist in the Armed Forces

12
The Presidential Decree of 31 in May 2006 of the year in the calendar of Russian holidays related to the security of the country, appeared Day legal service specialist in the Armed Forces of Russia. Since 2007, this holiday is annually celebrated on March 29 and is often referred to as the Day of Military Lawyer. This is a celebration of all military personnel who have a special legal education and are responsible for the application of legal norms in the armed forces. Military lawyers serve in the military justice bodies, the military courts, the military investigation bodies and the military prosecutor's office.


Day of the legal service specialist in the Armed Forces


The formation of the institute of military jurisprudence in Russia is associated with the creation of the first national military law school. This educational institution was created during the reign of Peter the Great - in April 1719 - under the emperor's decree, which (in the decree) contained the following words: “for the science of auditing affairs, take twenty good and young people to the Military College from gentry literacy and writing who can learn law. "

The formation of the new Russian army itself dictated the need to create a clear legal framework on which such an army should be based. Iron discipline, strict hierarchy, unity of command, the need for continuous improvement of training became the main points of the statutes and manuals, which were compiled with the active involvement of specialists in military law.

In 1832, a new educational institution appears in Russia, called the Audit School. Created on the initiative of Emperor Nicholas I, this military-legal educational institution was intended to “supply the military and maritime department with auditors, in accordance with the duties of this rank”.

Even after 14 years, the Auditor School receives the status of a school and becomes the basis for the training of professional personnel who played a crucial role in the years of military judicial reform. We are talking about the famous military-judicial reform of Emperor Alexander II, carried out in the period from 1864 to 1867 years. By that time, there was a situation in Russia in which the military courts were in charge of filing the 36 categories of individuals. In addition to the direct component of military jurisdiction, military courts were involved in legal proceedings regarding, for example, subjects found to steal ship's ropes or selling abroad (in particular, to China) of opium. The piling up of such cases in the sphere of military court proceedings hampered the proceedings and led to a dilution of the responsibility of military lawyers. In the middle of the 60 of the 19 of the 20th century, the military-judicial reform allowed for the delimitation of judicial competences, which in turn led to a significant increase in the effectiveness of the application of legal norms in the state.

On June 17, 1878, the Military Law Academy was established, which began preparing the ranks for the military judicial department exclusively from military personnel of officers who had previously been educated in both military and civilian educational institutions. Another requirement for an officer when recruiting for the UYA was that by that time he should have served directly in units and formations of the Russian army (fleet) That is, the officer should have had military training and relevant experience, as well as the baggage of theoretical knowledge obtained in educational institutions. The status of the Military Law Academy was so high that its graduates were equated with the graduates of the Academy of the General Staff.



VLA existed, having survived the Russian Empire, right up to 1956, when military lawyers began to be trained at the Military Political Academy named after Lenin at the military law faculty.

One of the most significant contributions of domestic military lawyers to world military law is work during the Nuremberg process. Military lawyers of the USSR collected colossal material in their scope, which became the basis of the entire evidence base of monstrous crimes committed by the Nazis and their accomplices during the Second World War. Until now, many documents from the collected materials remain classified as secret. And all the materials in general are an invaluable archive, which today is capable of playing a significant role in terms of suppressing attempts to justify and revive the ideas of Nazism and fascism.

Major-general Ion Timofeevich Nikitchenko entered the collegium of the tribunal from the USSR. It was he who in June 1945 of the year was sent to London for talks with representatives of Britain, the United States and France on preparations for an international tribunal over the main Nazi criminals. One of the phrases dedicated to the tribunal, which, according to the sources of the time, was said by Nikitchenko, was as follows:

The whole point of the Nuremberg process is to ensure prompt and fair punishment for crimes.


Iona Nikitchenko initiated to introduce into the process the consideration of the destructive ideas voiced by Hitler in Mein Kampf, as well as the ideology of racial intolerance. It is noteworthy that by that time the ideology of racial intolerance was actively walking around the United States of America, and the division of the country into “whites” and “blacks” in the USA seemed commonplace. It was for these reasons that it was not easy to initiate the denunciation of racial segregation during the Nuremberg trials. In the final part of the Nuremberg process, complained that the European and American colleagues decided not to recognize the General Staff of the Nazi armed forces as a criminal organization.

Another member of the USSR Nuremberg Tribunal was Colonel of Justice Alexander Volchkov. A remarkable fact is that Aleksandr Volchkov and Iona Nikitchenko refused the Western offer to put on judicial gowns, having decided to remain in the Soviet military uniform. According to the Soviet representatives, the military uniform should say that the Nazi criminals are being tried for monstrous war crimes, crimes against humanity.



The chief prosecutor at the Nuremberg trial was prosecutor Roman Rudenko, who was later appointed to the post of prosecutor general of the USSR.



Roman Rudenko (a native of the Chernihiv region, Ukrainian SSR) is buried at the Novodevichy cemetery in Moscow.

The demand for military lawyers is high today. This is also connected with the reform of the Russian army, when literally every letter of the Russian legislation must be observed and applied to strengthen the legal framework for improving the security system. Russian military lawyers took an active part in discussing violations of international law by the United States and other NATO countries. One of the steps that was done quite recently was the withdrawal of Russia from the CFE Treaty Board due to the fact that the old version of the CFE Treaty had completely lost its relevance while NATO continued active operations in Eastern Europe.

Today, the Russian military legal service has a professional holiday, and the “Military Review” team congratulates all those who wear shoulder straps of a military lawyer - a lawyer of the Armed Forces of Russia!
12 comments
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  1. servant.
    servant. 29 March 2015 08: 59
    +2
    Happy holiday lawyers! I wish you to remain on the side of the military in violation of their rights, and not on the side of negligent commanders!
    1. hrych
      hrych 29 March 2015 09: 10
      +7
      A lawyer is the same as a financier, essentially a parasitic worm in the body of society. When an ordinary citizen (fighter) is in trouble, all this scum works against. Where they were when they fired military officers, where they were when they plundered military equipment, where they were when the army was decomposed from incrimination. Soap and rope to them for the holiday ...
  2. Leader
    Leader 29 March 2015 09: 12
    +7
    The attitude towards "military lawyers" is ambiguous in the army, if not more.
    A couple of times I observed it close, the impressions are unpleasant. They will do it "as ordered."
    Lawyers must be an independent entity.
  3. k174oun7
    k174oun7 29 March 2015 09: 16
    +10
    For many years of military service, the opinion of military lawyers has developed this:
    The first legal line runs in the units - these are the assistant commanders for legal work. Their main goal is to prove that everything the commander does is correct and lawful. On such positions were appointed "their" people, who, after ordinary schools, graduated in absentia from legal institutes. My former subordinate, who was not very eager to work with equipment, knew how to repair apartments for the bosses well, and later became an assistant. for legal work. Further, the military prosecutor's office. The task is to "dig up" shortcomings at the lowest level when checking. For some reason, the "actions" of the leadership up to the Ministry of Defense are not noticed.
    When a soldier finishes his service, he realizes that no one except himself will protect his housing rights and no one will help. Especially when all this lived. Commissions and KEChs often act at their own discretion, and the best apartments, both official and on dismissal, were given to "thieves". It was useless to contact our miracle lawyers.
    There, it’s time to focus the legal service on helping employees and employees, rather than finding flaws and writing papers.
    1. servant.
      servant. 29 March 2015 09: 21
      +4
      To do this, first remove all the assistants from the command of the commander! Well, the military prosecutor's office and military courts have been trying to make "civil" for many years, and they all rivet and rivet the necessary "decisions", and then they themselves refer not to legality, but to their own judicial practice ....
  4. Noncombatant
    Noncombatant 29 March 2015 09: 42
    -1
    I congratulate myself and my colleagues who graduated from the military department at the university, who have become acting officers, some reserve lieutenants.
    You can pour out a lot of slop, I have already read the comments. I agree, there is enough rubbish. That's just, I saw personally and my comrades told me that when a soldier flies in (we are talking about junior officers, basically, they are also not without sin), he immediately runs to this "damned parasite-lawyer-assistant commander of the unit for legal work", so say, learn how you can "resolve the issue" without consequences. You can interpret this action in different ways, but if you create such a soil yourself, it is foolish to expect that something good will subsequently grow on it.
    So, happy holidays, fellow lawyers!
    "Dura lex sed lex" - let it be the only motto at all times) good
  5. Antonov
    Antonov 29 March 2015 09: 51
    -2
    In drawing up an agreement on the Mistrals, well, this is the one according to which we will "soon" maybe will we get back the money we paid long ago, did these "in-demand specialists" also take part? What can I say, the profession is necessary and necessary. Happy Holidays, however!
  6. Robert Nevsky
    Robert Nevsky 29 March 2015 09: 58
    +1
    Happy Holidays colleagues. Take care of the soldiers!
  7. 1234567890
    1234567890 29 March 2015 10: 13
    +2
    Quote: k174un7
    Their main goal is to prove that everything the commander does is right and legal.


    I did not understand the accusatory pathos: in ANY organization, even in a military unit, even in a private shop, even in the Memorial society. In a situation of "man against the system", a full-time lawyer is always on the side of the system (consider the employer) - the work is ... In civilian life for butting with the system on the side of man, THEORETICALLY have trade unions. The law enforcers should be legalized something similar, but taking into account the specifics, and not as now - on the personal initiative of individual retirees, veterans and on a voluntary basis.
  8. Noncombatant
    Noncombatant 29 March 2015 10: 28
    -1
    Quote: 1234567890
    Quote: k174un7
    Their main goal is to prove that everything the commander does is right and legal.


    I did not understand the accusatory pathos: in ANY organization, even in a military unit, even in a private shop, even in the Memorial society. In a situation of "man against the system", a full-time lawyer is always on the side of the system (consider the employer) - the work is ... In civilian life for butting with the system on the side of man, THEORETICALLY have trade unions. The law enforcers should be legalized something similar, but taking into account the specifics, and not as now - on the personal initiative of individual retirees, veterans and on a voluntary basis.

    Absolutely right. "IN ANY organization ..., the in-house lawyer is always on the side of the system .. this is the job." But it turns out that an amazing "duality" of man emerges when criticizing this profession. If everything went like clockwork - all "hurray", if bypassed, furnished, not protected (although it is not always possible to talk about it) - "parasites, bastards, parasites, lackeys of those in power." It's like a weapon. It doesn't fire by itself. A man is shooting. Given the system that exists, it is naive and foolish to demand from people involved in jurisprudence that every lawyer turns into a knight, whose sword is the law, whose shield is the word. Of course, in no way it is necessary to justify the current state of affairs with the formula "we are not like that - life is like this" and to revel in it, but it is foolish to demand that a person who receives money from this "system" suddenly rebel against it. I am happy to look at those zealous figures, including those from the users of the "Military Review", who will refute this.
    Have you ever given a bribe to a traffic police inspector? Okay. Have you not “solved the problem” of finding a good job for your children, acquaintances, relatives? Let's admit. Have you never gone to specialists in housing legislation when the question of transferring your "kopeck piece" as a gift or inheritance came up in order to find out about various preferences and pay less tax? Well, maybe. Have you ever violated the law, because "We live by justice, not by the law"? Yeah.
    But, damn it, wherever you look - there are continuous "exceptions" everywhere. Well yes. We ourselves are good, but life is shitty. Take a look at yourself dear ones.
    Fly in Minus. I will answer. Have a nice weekend wink
  9. 1234567890
    1234567890 29 March 2015 10: 46
    0
    Quote: noncombant
    it is foolish to demand that a person who receives money from this "system" suddenly rebel against it.


    Need a division of labor.
  10. Leader
    Leader 29 March 2015 11: 17
    +3
    Quote: 1234567890
    I did not understand the revealing pathos ... a full-time lawyer is always on the side of the system (consider the employer) - this is the job.

    And we are talking about this: a lawyer in the army should not be "regular", but "civilian".
    There should not be departmental lawyers!
    In our service, no one consults with a "full-time" lawyer - it is pointless.
    This parasite is always on the command side. Well, why is he?
  11. astronom1973n
    astronom1973n 29 March 2015 11: 45
    +4
    I have seen enough "lawyers" during my entire service life. I have a contradictory opinion about them. Basically, they are cunning with legal education (mostly correspondence students). If they feel the power, they play along with it, if not, then be afraid of them. But of course, people are not judged by everyone like that. As they say, I have such an opinion.
  12. Polarbear
    Polarbear 29 March 2015 14: 03
    +2
    Happy holiday, colleagues! drinks
  13. Megatron
    Megatron 29 March 2015 17: 21
    +3
    Parasites and bloodsuckers, as needed as a bunch of other parasites, from the same series of personnel officers, and a bunch of people like that.
    1. servant.
      servant. 30 March 2015 07: 04
      +1
      Serdyukov wanted to remove the shoulder straps from them and reassign them to civilians - they did not give them! God forbid, civil courts, contrary to the "specifics", will begin to rivet decisions in favor of the violated rights of servicemen ...
  14. 1234567890
    1234567890 29 March 2015 18: 12
    +3
    Quote: Leader
    a lawyer in the army should not be "regular", but "civilian".


    It is in the sense of how, the same thing, but without shoulder straps or what? What's the point? The same eggs, only in profile. I’m just about the fact that we need something like a union. And let there even retired military prosecutors work, if only the specialists were good and know the specifics.

    But, although not in the subject, but by the way I had to: crowds of clerks wear epaulettes just in vain. While people are dragging the service, these are simply dragging along and at the same time wearing shoulder straps, and most importantly - after 20 years of such "service" they rightfully retire. The same lawyers, financiers, press services, etc.
  15. lBEARl
    lBEARl 29 March 2015 19: 05
    0
    Guys from the territorial prosecutors on the occasion of you !!!
  16. lBEARl
    lBEARl 29 March 2015 20: 44
    -1
    Well, for what minus ?!
    1. k174oun7
      k174oun7 29 March 2015 21: 21
      +3
      Minus is not for you personally. This is the assessment of these same prosecutors. Remember the film "Bumbarash": "I'm not shooting at you, but at a message harmful to our business."
      1. lBEARl
        lBEARl 29 March 2015 23: 11
        +2
        And what is your profession in fact?
  17. barsik92090
    barsik92090 29 March 2015 21: 54
    -1
    Quote: Leader
    The attitude towards "military lawyers" is ambiguous in the army, if not more.
    A couple of times I observed it close, the impressions are unpleasant. They will do it "as ordered."
    Lawyers must be an independent entity.

    Theft in higher areas, to lay a dark spot on the activities of this service.