Military Review

Lee Kuan Yew: “Russians are not those who can be thrown into the dustbin of history”

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Lee Kuan Yew: “Russians are not those who can be thrown into the dustbin of history”


USSR and Russia through the eyes of the creator of the Singapore Miracle

These days, the Singapore media have written a lot about the fact that Lee Kuan Yew, the 91-year-old creator of the “Singapore Miracle” and the first Prime Minister of independent Singapore, who ruled this island nation for over 30 years, is in critical condition. Singaporeans hang banners with wishes of health to their former leader, light candles, make patterns of hearts. Many gather at the Central Hospital and leave their wishes there. Newspapers report that the 20-year-old artist painted a large portrait of Lee Kuan Yew, consisting of the name of the former prime minister, painted more than 18 thousand times. Lee Xianlong, Singapore's premier and eldest son Lee Kuan Yew, publishes on his Facebook account historical photos about the life of his father and writes that he is deeply touched by the sincere wishes of Singaporeans. On March 21, the Prime Minister’s office published a message consisting of just one phrase: “Lee Kuan Yew’s condition has worsened.”

Historians will argue for a long time about the role of Lee Kuan Yew in the development of Singapore. This debate is already quite difficult. Firstly, because mythology about the “Singapore miracle” has already become commonplace, the former prime minister of this island state himself played a significant role in the creation of his (Singapore History became the desktop and canonical for many fans of Lee Kuan Yew, and besides this book about the development of Singapore, they read little). And secondly, because history does not tolerate the subjunctive mood and it is already impossible to answer the question - what would happen to Singapore if not for Lee Kuan Yu.

Nevertheless, not everyone is inclined to be overly enthusiastic about Lee Kuan Yew. Many researchers convincingly prove that if any other educated person were in his place, the results of his activities would hardly be very different from the Singaporean reality that the Singapore patriarch was so proud of. The geographical position of Singapore at the mouth of the Strait of Malacca as a transshipment base and logistics center was too beneficial, after which the establishment of political stability simply had to make massive investments.

The argument that Lee Kuan Yew, at the time of coming to power, had a impoverished village with an uncivilized population could not stand up to criticism. By the time independence was gained, Singapore’s reference books were already described as the largest trading hub and port of Southeast Asia with a developed infrastructure and a railway going to the mainland, which also had large tin smelters, machine-building and ship repair enterprises, and a rather significant among the population a part were educated Chinese, who received excellent education in those days in both Chinese and English. That is, it must be admitted that Lee Kuan Yew received in his management not a pretty advanced village. However, some also cast doubt on many of Singapore’s current successes, skilfully concealing “dependent and underdeveloped economies” behind the front windows (the words of the author of one of the books, the Australian R. King). Other researchers, comparing Hong Kong and Singapore on many formal indicators, point out the similarity of both the starting conditions and the level achieved as a result, but they note that for some reason the “Hong Kong miracle” did not need to have its well-known “ founding father. "

That is, according to this point of view, praising Lee Kuan Yew is about the same thing as being touched by the genius of the Moscow mayor, in which the capital of Russia amazes with its glittering buildings, and at the same time marvel at the inefficiency and stupidity of the rest of the Russian governors, who lack the intelligence and talent to achieve the same impressive results in their regions.

Undoubtedly, Lee Kuan Yew skillfully and effectively used the advantages of Singapore. But when everything is in front of you or it goes into your hands itself - you need to be a very stupid person to not take advantage of all this. Therefore, the question of where the enormous natural advantages of Singapore end and where the truly outstanding organizational talent and strength of character, Lee Kuan Yew, who was able to turn them to the benefit of this state, remains controversial. As Deng Xiaoping told him at the meeting, "if I had one Shanghai, I would also be able to quickly change it."

About Lee Kuan Yew is said to be a “non-ideological pragmatist” —that is, they liken Deng Xiaoping with his words that it doesn’t matter what color the cat is — only if it catches mice. At the same time, few people pay attention to the fact that this leader was characterized by a strong dislike for the Soviet Union. Moreover, it was not a “rational dislike” when its reasons can be explained by one or another action of the USSR. Although, maybe, the conversation with the Soviet Prime Minister A.N. Kosygin, from which he made a rather bold conclusion that Moscow is not interested in the existence of Singapore as an independent state, as well as the activity of the “communist” USSR in Southeast Asia. Still, Lee's dislike for the Soviet Union is more like a kind of irrational feeling when someone just does not like it because he does not like it. And this could not affect some of his decisions.

This is described in some detail in the book Singapore History, so it is worthwhile to dwell on at least some points.

Lee Kuan Yew describes his stay in the Soviet Union as follows: "In Moscow, I felt a threat in the air, but it was probably a figment of my imagination." He says that in January 1969, the Soviet authorities actually forced to stop the Scandinavian Airlines aircraft, on which he flew to Copenhagen, in Moscow instead of Tashkent (there was supposedly bad weather) - and all that, according to Lee Kuan Yu, “hit me with the size, power and capabilities of the country” and arrange a meeting with the newly appointed Soviet ambassador in this country, I.I. Safronov. Exceptionally, to hit ...

This sensation from the Soviet Union as something huge and frightening passes through the entire text of Lee Kuan Yew, devoted to the development of bilateral relations. In September 1970, he made the first official visit to the USSR. He was greeted by an honor guard of high Russian guardsmen, lit by searchlights. “They moved like robots and, when I was asked to greet them in Russian, answered in unison. The inspection of the guard of honor ended with a march that was an impressive demonstration of aggressiveness and strength. It was all meant to make an impression, and I was really impressed. ” He describes the Russians as "brave, tough and enduring people" and writes that he was struck by a giant war memorial in Volgograd. Plus, the then Soviet leaders in every way showed him confidence that "the future belonged to them." And later, characterizing MS Gorbachev, he wrote: "I was surprised that such a worthy man could achieve the highest position in such an ominous system."

Even the desire for his son to learn Russian was dictated not by warm feelings towards Russia, but by purely pragmatic considerations. “I thought that Russia would have a great influence on the lives of my children,” explained Lee Kuan Y.

Moreover, he saw the guarantor of his own freedom of the hands exclusively in the United States: “It was because the Americans were determined and well prepared to fight against the communists that Nehru, Nasser and Sukarno could afford to play the role of leaders of non-aligned countries. It was very convenient for them and I also took up a similar position, at first without even realizing that such neutrality is a luxury that the Americans paid for. " Judging from the book, Lee Kuan Yew did not even admit that this phrase could be turned up to the exact opposite, and that it was thanks to the existence of the Soviet Union that the Americans were forced to shut their eyes to many features of the then Singapore regime and the eccentricities of its leader They did not fit in with ideas not only about Western democracy, but about any democracy in general.

However, Lee Kuan Yew later makes a reservation: “After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Americans became the same dogmatists and evangelists as the communists used to be. They wanted to implant the concept of democracy and human rights everywhere ... ”By the way, it’s hard to imagine what would have happened with Singapore if the USA had become such“ dogmatists and evangelists ”much earlier - when it was still just becoming independent and unsure of itself tiny state . Moreover, Lee Kuan Yew mentions how he used the standoff of the two superpowers for Singapore’s benefit, informing the Americans about A.N.’s proposal. Kosygin, that the USSR used the empty docks of the former British military base in Singapore - “the interest shown by the Russians to the base gave me cards that I could play.” With whom would Lee Kuan Yew play these games and with whom would he cut the coupons if it were not for the Soviet Union?

At the same time, it is significant that Lee Kuan Yew had a completely different attitude towards China with its tough communist regime — that is, its negative attitude toward the USSR was not at all determined solely by the fact that the Communists ruled there. Yes, he did not like the foreign policy of China, he was obstructed by the obsessive and stupid Chinese propaganda, he was amazed at the poverty of the then inhabitants of the Middle Kingdom. But for some reason nothing scared him, and his attitude to the processes taking place in China was more philosophical than condemning (“Mao wanted to erase old China in order to create a new one”). He was inclined to view the Chinese regime, with its horrors of a "cultural revolution" and mass repressions, as something much more vegetarian than the "sinister" Soviet Union. Speaking about the massacre of a student demonstration in Beijing on Tiananmen Square in 1989, Lee said: "I did not condemn the Chinese government, because I did not consider it a repressive Soviet-type communist regime." At the same time, he stressed that Deng Xiaoping did everything right: "As a veteran of wars and revolutions, he saw in student demonstrations in Tiananmen Square a dangerous process that threatened to plunge China for another 100 years into chaos and anarchy." And this is not to mention the fact that, as follows from the book by Lee Kuan Yew, he was ready to accept the existence of the cannibal regime of China supported by China, Pol Pot in Kampuchea, if only the Vietnamese did not come there, behind whom stood the USSR

That is why, recognizing the undoubted great merits of Lee Kuan Yew in building the current Singapore, however, one should objectively assess the extent of these merits, as well as an unbiased attitude to the personality of this statesman. And at the same time approach his heritage and his experience, following his example, from a purely pragmatic position of “utility-uselessness” and without unnecessary emotions. By the way, some circles in Russia tried to use it several years ago when the talk about “authoritarian modernization” was fashionable — they were hard pressed to Russia to “give advice”, while being made an honorary doctor of MGIMO and trying to attach its popular brand to the project Skolkovo.

“Anyone who believes that the Russians are finished as a great nation should recall their scientists working in the space and atomic fields, chess grandmasters, and Olympic champions whom they brought up, despite all the damage caused by the central planning system to the country. Unlike the communist system, Russians are not the kind of people who can be thrown into the dustbin of history, ”Lee Kuan Yew wrote in his book.

Today, these words sound as relevant. Only they are unlike the expression of warm feelings towards Russia. Rather, if we recall the attitude of Lee Kuan Yew towards the USSR, they look like a warning.
Author:
Originator:
http://www.regnum.ru/news/polit/1907501.html
27 comments
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  1. The comment was deleted.
  2. Vyacheslav 64
    Vyacheslav 64 24 March 2015 14: 30
    +5
    How can one ignore such a vast territory, and even with such an educated and purposeful people ?!
    1. Sakmagon
      Sakmagon 24 March 2015 14: 39
      +21
      became a commonplace mythology about the “Singapore miracle”

      Were tired of myths and "eccentrics" who believe in them! It's not a problem for us to make a "Singapore miracle", for example, in Vladivostok. Only the area of ​​Singapore is 720 sq. Km, and we have MORE THAN 17 MILLION sq. Km !!! If yes, if mushrooms were growing in the mouth, but:
      1. If you collect all the "air" interchanges built in Russia over the past 10 years, they will cover Singapore in EIGHTEEN floors!
      2. If you move Singapore to the New Siberian Islands - how long will it take for them to repeat the "miracle"?

      Truly our ancestors said: "Over the sea and a half-calf, but a ruble ferry!"
      1. Basarev
        Basarev 24 March 2015 15: 22
        -5
        Nevertheless, the pace of the destruction of Russia by the current government is terrifying. Many thinkers are ready to surrender and surrender Russia with them - after all, the last stocks of jamon with parmesan from the deepest cellars are coming to an end.
        1. sledgehammer102
          sledgehammer102 24 March 2015 16: 18
          +3
          Quote: Basarev
          Nevertheless, the pace of the destruction of Russia by the current government is terrifying.


          Can you show it in numbers?
          Or how in 91m start about prices, jeans and "down with the party" shouting ??
          1. Ingvar 72
            Ingvar 72 24 March 2015 19: 12
            0
            Quote: sledgehammer102
            Can you show it in numbers?

            Not everyone official lay out graphics!
            Quote: sledgehammer102
            Or how in 91m start about prices, jeans and "down with the party" shouting ??

            Do you want to discuss the site "made by us"? With an indication of jobs and turnover? Do not forget to indicate next to the number of reductions in other enterprises. hi
          2. viktor_ui
            viktor_ui 6 January 2019 08: 41
            0
            "Or how in 91st you start talking about prices, jeans and 'down with the party' shouting ??" ... you can continue ... down with foreign soldiers, what's your name ??? Click-Klyak! drinks
            Lee Kuan Yew - we NEED a similar head of government for sure.
      2. dmi.pris
        dmi.pris 24 March 2015 16: 14
        +1
        In some respects, you are right .... But we still couldn’t use our geopolitical location. Take the Trans-Siberian Railway, how much did it go from the level of the talking shop?
        Quote: Sacmagon
        became a commonplace mythology about the “Singapore miracle”

        Were tired of myths and "eccentrics" who believe in them! It's not a problem for us to make a "Singapore miracle", for example, in Vladivostok. Only the area of ​​Singapore is 720 sq. Km, and we have MORE THAN 17 MILLION sq. Km !!! If yes, if mushrooms were growing in the mouth, but:
        1. If you collect all the "air" interchanges built in Russia over the past 10 years, they will cover Singapore in EIGHTEEN floors!
        2. If you move Singapore to the New Siberian Islands - how long will it take for them to repeat the "miracle"?

        Truly our ancestors said: "Over the sea and a half-calf, but a ruble ferry!"
      3. Ingvar 72
        Ingvar 72 24 March 2015 19: 16
        0
        Quote: Sacmagon
        Were tired of myths and "eccentrics" who believe in them!

        Tell Stalin about this.
      4. Hort
        Hort 30 November 2018 12: 50
        0
        It's not a problem for us to make a "Singapore miracle", for example, in Vladivostok.
        Yeah, the only problem is that no one wants to do this at least in Vladik, at least somewhere else outside the Moscow region.
  3. vorobey
    vorobey 24 March 2015 14: 31
    +3
    You can throw it away .. any ... only one will remain there, and the second will return ... evil ..

    Russians are coming...
  4. Serge Mikhas
    Serge Mikhas 24 March 2015 14: 33
    +6
    You can now, after the death of a politician, say anything. But a person has done a lot for his country. He was a reasonable and experienced person ...
    1. Motherland Russia
      Motherland Russia 24 March 2015 15: 55
      0
      Well said.
      Here is an example to follow our politicians!
      It is time to learn from those who are really taking countries from lagging behind to prosperous.

      And then among our amateurs it’s enough to look at Europe with America.
  5. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 24 March 2015 15: 09
    0
    Question: did you prepare a worthy successor?
  6. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 24 March 2015 15: 13
    +3
    Russians are not people who can be thrown into the dustbin of history


    Only for these words can and should be respected. Therefore, we will not raise economic issues. If everything was so simple in Singapore, why nothing had been done before him.
  7. Vadim Mikhailov
    Vadim Mikhailov 24 March 2015 15: 18
    0
    let's hope that in the cities of Russia there are 10 more righteous people left ...
  8. Nayhas
    Nayhas 24 March 2015 15: 23
    +3
    The author is envious of the fact that in Singapore they could, but we do not. And there are always excuses for this, they say the country is small, the place is convenient ...
    I am 100% sure that let our prime minister (or it doesn’t matter which one of their shobbles) lead a team of grave diggers, it won’t help anyway, they will drink money, if they dig a grave, it’s of the wrong shape and depth ...
    But it is true Lee Kuan Yu said:
    “Start by planting your three friends. You know exactly why, and they know why. ”

    The size of the country and its place on the map are not important, the main thing is to kill corruption, the basis of which is friendly relations and family ties. All over the world, the Singaporean model is repelled by its obvious undemocracy, total control and the dictatorship of the law, but this is the only true model of the state.
    1. saag
      saag 24 March 2015 18: 32
      +2
      Quote: Nayhas
      The author is envious of the fact that in Singapore they could,

      Moreover, the most important thing is not even the Singapore economy, but how corruption was defeated there, the Russian Federation would have thought of such a thing, but alas, it’s probably only in an alternative reality
  9. Altona
    Altona 24 March 2015 15: 48
    -1
    Actually, I knew about this dude briefly, here they painted such and such, almost a megastar of state building. Of all the politicians of the twentieth century, the main ones can be distinguished, my opinion is Lenin, Stalin, Roosevelt, Churchill (he just hung out next to the greats and picked up from them), Mao Zedong ... In the second echelon, Jawaharlal Nehru, and others who grew up on the wreckage of colonial possessions ... And this "little Chinese Li" did nothing of the kind, just a good administrator, even an excellent administrator, launched financial flows and stopped corruption ...
    1. Timur82
      Timur82 24 March 2015 17: 34
      +1
      You are not on the bench so cheekily talking about serious people.
      1. Altona
        Altona 24 March 2015 19: 06
        0
        Quote: Timur82
        You are not on the bench so cheekily talking about serious people.

        From

        ----------------------
        What about me? To experience exaltation and enthusiastically freeze while listening to the heartbeat while pronouncing the name Lee Kuan Yu? Enjoy ... This is what Maxim Kalashnikov writes ...
        ".... Modern Singapore was created by Prime Minister of Singapore Lee Kuan Yew and his team. Lee Kuan Yew wrote amazing and completely politically incorrect memoirs, which I recommend everyone to read. And for those who have not read these memoirs, I will note a few politically incorrect things ...
        In his memoirs, Lee Kuan Yew writes that he is a big fan of violence, a great believer in violence. It so happened that Lee Kuan Yew, who received an English education and spoke English for a long time better than Chinese, survived the Japanese occupation in Singapore. Lee Kuan Yew writes that it was the Japanese occupation that convinced him of the effectiveness of violence: poverty in Singapore was absolute, but crime was almost zero, because the Japanese were shot on the spot for any reason.
        Let me remind you that Singapore still has the death penalty for drug trafficking: otherwise this trading hub would turn into a hotbed of drug addiction. And that corporal punishment still exists in Singapore. In 1993, an American citizen was sentenced to six sticks in Singapore, and the American press screamed like a shred.
        Lee Kuan Yew spoke with contempt more than once about a jury trial. Again, based on my own experience. Even when Singapore was an English colony, Lee Kuan Yew, who was then much more often called Harry Lee (all Singaporean Chinese have two names, one English, before the surname, the other Chinese, after the surname), obtained from the jury the four scum who killed during the racial the riot of an English officer, and concluded that twelve illiterate laymen easily become the prey of a clever lawyer.
        Lee Kuan Yew speaks with great skepticism many times about universal suffrage. He writes with admiration about Hong Kong, where people do not have social insurance and therefore achieve more. As an elected politician, complains Li Kuan Yew, he did not have such freedom as the colonial administration, which is not accountable to the voter. Lee Kuan Yew declares that the ideal system would be one that would provide responsible people - heads of families - with a proportionally larger number of votes.
        And such a man came to power in Singapore as a result of the democratic elections in 1959, at the head of a socialist party called the People's Action Party, which was initially allied with the communists, and then became their worst enemy. "
        1. Ingvar 72
          Ingvar 72 24 March 2015 19: 39
          +1
          Quote: Altona
          . That's what Maxim Kalashnikov writes ...

          And what should be drawn from the opinion of M. Kaashnikov? Is Lee Kuan Yew a fan of violence? How else? Do you want to to convince thieves live differently?
          P.S. Try to approach the gypsies, and explain to them on the fingers that you do not need to lead an asocial lifestyle. Will not help. This was understood by Stalin, Pinochet, and Hitler.
          1. Altona
            Altona 24 March 2015 23: 08
            0
            Quote: Ingvar 72
            And what should be drawn from the opinion of M. Kaashnikov? Is Lee Kuan Yew a fan of violence? How else? Do you want to convince thieves to live differently?
            P.S. Try to approach the gypsies, and explain to them on the fingers that you do not need to lead an asocial lifestyle. Will not help. This was understood by Stalin, Pinochet, and Hitler.

            -------------------------
            You, too, seemed to make it easier to speak out about other people ... Thieves weren’t all there, and social contacts didn’t die there, if you read to the end, not just my quote ... And violence even against chewing gum lovers for the sake of sterility in country is IMHO bust ...
  10. mickhail1970
    mickhail1970 24 March 2015 19: 03
    -1
    Compare our economy and Singapore is not appropriate. Are there company executives among readers? Are there company managers with branches in distant regions of the Russian Federation? Who better knows the situation in the regions? This is how Singapore is compared with Russia. Or put things in order in their underpants, or bring a neighbor in a neighboring house to order.
  11. Rimlianin
    Rimlianin 24 March 2015 19: 07
    +2
    We really need to roll up our government’s sleeves and engage in the country. The Ministry of Economy and Finance - the economy, defense - the defense, the Ministry of Internal Affairs - the fight against corruption in the highest echelons of power (including the government itself). And then it feels like our government in the country has been worried about Ukraine’s problems for a year now. Yes to sneeze on this Ukraine! Let them live as they want, all the same without the Russian Federation and a couple of years they will not last. Kiselyov-TV and other first channels are only engaged in releasing a couple of people to the conflict in Ukraine, although in the country themselves the decline in production, the impoverishment of the population, and the growth of unemployment are rampant. I feel that it’s impossible to get a real patriot from Putin. Well, a liberal patriot is a fantasy.
  12. fa2998
    fa2998 24 March 2015 19: 08
    +4
    Singapore’s great happiness is the absence of any natural resources, even drinking water. You won’t move, you will die. And some rulers, since the late 80s of the last century, have been increasing the export of raw materials: oil, gas, diamonds, wood, etc. the economy can be big and thick. You don’t need to say that the territory of Singapore is so small, you need to talk about corruption in the country! Russia is not the Novosibirsk Islands, it’s a rich country, the bridge from Europe to Asia is simply billions removed from some officials! ! The size of the country does not affect this; laws and their implementation. A big loss for Singapore, but the son will continue. I will notice that the son works in his native country, and does not cram in London, Miami and Kurtshavel. hi
  13. datur
    datur 24 March 2015 22: 23
    -1
    they have been trying to destroy us for more than 1000 years !!! - does not work!! AND DO NOT GET !!! for we are RUSSIAN !!!!
  14. mimo-crock3
    mimo-crock3 25 March 2015 23: 44
    0
    Quote: mickhail1970
    Are there company executives among readers?

    If there were, then they were apparently drowned in minuses, calling them liberals and the "fifth column".
  15. mimo-crock3
    mimo-crock3 25 March 2015 23: 49
    0
    Quote: Rimlianin
    We really need to roll up our government’s sleeves and engage in the country. The Ministry of Economy and Finance - the economy, defense - the defense, the Ministry of Internal Affairs - the fight against corruption in the highest echelons of power (including the government itself). And then it feels like our government in the country has been worried about Ukraine’s problems for a year now. Yes to sneeze on this Ukraine! Let them live as they want, all the same without the Russian Federation and a couple of years they will not last. Kiselyov-TV and other first channels are only engaged in releasing a couple of people to the conflict in Ukraine, although in the country themselves the decline in production, impoverishment of the population, and unemployment are growing at an alarming rate. I feel that it’s impossible to get a real patriot from Putin.


    What for ? It’s normal for them, but the electorate is so fed up with TV and cheeks.

    Quote: Rimlianin

    Well, a liberal patriot is a fantasy.

    Why's that ? Do you think that the leaders of such countries act against the interests of their own population? How long will they then hold out at a post with a free press, open information about accounts, control by parliament, etc. ?
  16. Hort
    Hort 30 November 2018 12: 48
    0
    written in the book Singapore History
    I am reading this work now. The man, however, raised Singapore out of post-colonial shit. And in places it is very sensible and simple (in the sense that the solutions are obvious and simple). And it is quite possible to use some experience in the development of Singapore, at least in terms of the same housing policy, where at first the state at its own expense resettled the slums in new apartment buildings, and then, on favorable conditions for citizens, it began distributing land plots ...
  17. Note 2
    Note 2 3 December 2018 03: 48
    0
    Article plus learned a lot
  18. alauda1038
    alauda1038 6 January 2019 10: 13
    0
    Already in a landfill, we are ready to destroy ourselves so that the gastrobiter Russophobe would not die of hunger, this is ahead of the Russian reservation and ghetto