Military Review

50 years ago, Alexei Leonov first went into outer space

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18 March 1965, our country has entered another milestone in space exploration. A double Voskhod-2 spacecraft was launched into Earth orbit, which had the task of conducting a new experiment for humanity - a man’s spacewalk. This event was watched by the whole country. Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov was out of the Voskhod-2 spacecraft for only 12 minutes, but these minutes were forever entered history cosmonautics.


The brave Soviet cosmonaut, having got out of the hatch of the Voskhod-2 ship, made a step in history. He easily separated from the ship and swam to the side for the length of his rope-halyard, which was connected to the spacecraft. Before returning back to the ship, the astronaut took a cine-camera from the bracket, wrapped a halyard on his arm and entered the gateway. Specialists of the NGO Zvezda designed the space suit Berkut specifically for the spacewalk. And the spacewalking exercises themselves were carried out on board the Tu-104 aircraft, in which the full-size model of the Voskhod-2 spacecraft was installed. After some time, the Americans also made their spacewalk, but it happened already on 3 June 1965 of the year, so that the Soviet cosmonaut Alexei Leonov was forever the first person to go into outer space.

18 March 1965 year news about the first space walk in the history of mankind caused real shock and delight in the world. It is important to understand that this happened at a time when the United States and the USSR were very keenly competing for superiority in space exploration. The flight of the Voskhod-2 spacecraft was regarded at that moment as a very serious propaganda success of the country of the Soviets, as well as a blow to the national pride of the Americans.



Spacesuit "Berkut"

It is clear that for the survival of a person in a vacuum, special clothing was needed, which was developed by the NGO Zvezda. On their first flights, Soviet cosmonauts went to the SK-1 rescue spacesuits, which weighed just 30 kg. They were equipped with autonomous oxygen supply in case of a possible accident, and also possessed positive buoyancy - in case instead of landing astronauts there would be a splashdown. However, for going out into space and active work, fundamentally different “costumes” were needed, which would have protection from solar radiation and cosmic cold, a thermal control system, and a powerful life support system.

The Berkut spacesuit was created specifically for spacewalk, it was significantly different from the model in which the cosmonauts flew on the Vostok. To increase its reliability, an additional reserve pressurized shell was introduced into the suit. The top jumpsuit was sewn from a special metallic multi-layered fabric - screen-vacuum insulation. In fact, the spacesuit was a thermos, which consisted of several layers of plastic film coated with aluminum. A special pad of screen-vacuum insulation was also installed in shoes and gloves. The outer clothing had to protect the astronaut from possible mechanical damage to the airtight part of the spacesuit, since such clothing was made of very durable artificial fabrics that were not afraid of low and high temperatures. The spacesuit at the same time significantly burdened, added weight and a new life support system. This system was in a special knapsack and, in addition to the ventilation system, also included two oxygen cylinders of two liters each. On the case of the knapsack was fixed fitting for their refueling and window gauge, designed to control pressure. In the event of a contingency situation in the airlock, there was a backup oxygen system, which was connected to the spacesuit with a hose.

The total weight of the spacesuit approached 100 kg. Therefore, during the earth training sessions, the astronauts had to ride in a kind of “runner” that supported the hard part of the spacesuit. However, in conditions of weightlessness, the weight of the space suit did not play any significant role. Significantly more interference created air pressure, which filled the hermetic shell, making the suit unyielding and tough. The astronauts had to with notable effort overcome the resistance of their own vestments. Later, cosmonaut Alexei Leonov recalled: “For example, in order to squeeze a hand in a glove, you needed an effort in 25 kg.” It is for this reason that during the preparation of the astronauts for the flight of physical form a lot of attention was paid. Daily Soviet cosmonauts ran crosses or made jogging on skis, intensively engaged in weightlifting and gymnastics.

50 years ago, Alexei Leonov first went into outer space


Changed and the color of the spacesuit. "Golden eagle", in order to better reflect the sun's rays, was made white, not orange. A special light filter appeared on his helmet, which was supposed to protect the astronaut's eyes from bright sunlight. The created spacesuit was a real miracle of technology. According to the firm conviction of its creators - it was a product more complicated than a car.

Voskhod-2 spacecraft

After the first successful flight into space of the Voskhod-1 multi-seat spacecraft in the USSR, the following goal was set - the realization of a man’s spacewalk. This event was supposed to be a significant milestone in the Soviet lunar program. To prepare for this mission, the new ship, the Voskhod-2, was modified compared to the Voskhod-1.

In the Voskhod-1 spacecraft there was a crew of 3-x astronauts. The cabin of the ship was so tight that they were aboard without spacesuits. In the ship "Voskhod-2" the number of seats was reduced to two. At the same time, a special airlock Volga appeared on the ship. At the time of launch, this airlock was in the folded state. In this state, the dimensions of the chamber were: diameter - 70 cm, length - 77 cm. Weighing airlock 250 kg. In space, the airlock was inflated. The dimensions of the chamber in the inflated state were: length - 2,5 meter, outer diameter - 1,2 meter, inner diameter - 1 meter. Before the descent of the ship from orbit and landing, the airlock was fired from the spacecraft.



Since the ship "Voskhod-2" was intended for two people, there was another cosmonaut besides Leonov on it. One person was a navigator (he also went out into outer space), the second was a commander who piloted the ship. Alexey Leonov was able to ensure that his friend Pavel Belyaev took the place of the commander on his ship. Belyaev was 10 years older than his friend and met the end of World War II in the Far East in the cockpit of a fighter, carrying out combat missions against the troops of Japan. He was a skilled and brave pilot. Leonov was able to achieve his appointment, even though the doctors were very worried about the leg injury that Pavel Belyaev received while performing a parachute jump.

Alexey Leonov

Alexey Leonov was born in 1934 year in the tiny village of Listvyanka, located in Western Siberia (Kemerovo region). When he was 3, his father was repressed. Leonov was denounced as the enemies of the people, while the authorities closed their eyes to the fact that neighbors looted their property. However, Alexey is always reluctant to recall these events. Already in his childhood, the boy discovered in himself the talent of an artist, but nevertheless decided to go another way. He successfully graduated from military school and became a fighter pilot.

Shortly after graduating from college, Alexey received an offer to try his hand at a competition in the cosmonaut corps. Leonov managed to get a place in the squadron, he became one of twenty of his members, among whom was Yuri Gagarin, who made his first space flight in 1961.
At that time, no one yet knew how the human body would react to a spacewalk. For this reason, all Soviet cosmonauts were subjected to very intense training. Conducted tests were supposed to show how far it would be possible to push the mental and physical boundaries of the human body. Later, Alexey Leonov recalled: “The astronaut had to be physically prepared. Every day I ran at least 5 kilometers and swam 700 meters. ”



At one time in the cosmonaut training center, the game of hockey was banned. This happened after several people were injured during this game. Instead, astronauts were offered volleyball, basketball and football. Space flights subjected the human organism to high overloads. Therefore, during training, candidates rotated in centrifuges - sometimes this led to loss of consciousness. Also, the future astronauts were locked in the isolation chamber or pressure chamber in conditions of prolonged solitude. Such experiments were dangerous, since there could be a fire in the chamber saturated with oxygen.

And such an accident really happened in 1961 year. Then, during a training session in the pressure chamber, Valentin Bondarenko accidentally dropped a cotton swab with alcohol onto a closed spiral of a hot stove. As a result, the fireball literally swallowed it up. Bondarenko died a few hours later in the hospital from the terrible burns he received. After this incident, engineers began to use ordinary air during training. So the path to space was not just thorny and difficult, but it also contained real dangers to life.

Going out into space

Even the exit space itself could have ended tragically for Alexey Leonov, but then everything worked out, although during the flight a sufficient number of abnormal situations were recorded. At the time of the USSR, this was simply ignored, though it surfaced relatively recently. The crew of the Voskhod-2 pursued trouble during the spacewalk and at the time of landing, but in the end everything ended well, and Alexey Leonov is still alive today, the famous Soviet cosmonaut 30 in May 2014 turned 80 years.



At that moment, when Alexey Leonov 18 March 1965, scrambled out of his spacecraft and saw himself at a height of 500 kilometers above the surface of our planet, he did not feel movement at all. Although in reality he was racing around the Earth at a speed that was many times faster than the speed of a jet plane. Before Alexey, a panorama of our planet, unprecedented by anyone, opened up like a giant canvas, which was saturated with contrasting textures and colors, vibrant and vibrant. Alexey Leonov will forever remain the first person who could see the Earth in all its glory.

At that moment, the Soviet cosmonaut simply took hold of the spirit: “It’s hard to even imagine what it was. Only in space, you can feel the majesty and gigantic dimensions of the human environment — you will not feel this on Earth. ” Five times the astronaut flew away from the Voskhod-2 spacecraft and returned to him again. All this time, “room” temperature was successfully maintained in his spacesuit, while the working surface of the “Berkut” was heated in the sun to + 60 ° С, then cooled in the shade to -100 ° С.

At that moment, when Alexey Leonov saw the Yenisei and the Irtysh, he received a command from the captain of the ship Belyaev to go back. But Leonov didn’t manage to do this for a very long time. The thing turned out to be that his spacesuit in a vacuum was greatly swollen. So much so that the astronaut simply could not squeeze into the hatch of the airlock, and there was no time to consult about this situation with the Earth. Leonov tried to try, but they all ended without result, and the oxygen supply in the spacesuit only lasted for 20 minutes, which inexorably melted away (the astronaut spent 12 minutes in space). In the end, Aleksey Leonov decided to simply relieve the pressure in the spacesuit and, contrary to the instructions issued, ordering him to enter the gateway with his feet, he decided to “float” face forward. Fortunately, he did it. And although Leonov stayed in the open space of all 12 minutes, during this time he managed to get soaked up as if a whole tub of water was poured onto him - so great was the physical exertion.

Solemn meeting of members of the crew of the Voskhod-2 spacecraft - Pavel Belyaev (left) and Alexey Leonov, 1965 year


The second unpleasant situation occurred already at the exit from orbit. The crew of the Voskhod-2 could have become the first crew to have died when returning from orbit. During the descent to Earth on board, there were problems with the detachable service module, which led to the rotation of the capsule with astronauts, who were experiencing very strong overloads. The tumbling stopped only when the cable connecting the module completely burned out and the capsule with the astronauts was free.

The second mistake crept into the calculations of the TsUP engineers, as a result of which the capsule with the astronauts landed hundreds of kilometers from the calculated point. The astronauts were in the deaf Siberian taiga. Only after 7 hours after landing, a monitoring station in West Germany reported that it had detected a coded signal that the astronauts had sent. As a result, the astronauts spent the night in the forest, waiting for the rescuers. They had to go out of the taiga on skis, but already there, on the “big” land, they were greeted as real heroes and space explorers.

Information sources:
http://www.vokrugsveta.ru/vs/article/598
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/special/2014/newsspec_9531/index.html
http://www.calend.ru/event/5984
http://www.sgvavia.ru/forum/95-4980-1
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43 comments
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  1. avvg
    avvg 18 March 2015 04: 41
    +25
    Russia in space exploration has always been, is and will go in front of the planet. May God give health to Alexei Leonov !!!
    1. Bayonet
      Bayonet 18 March 2015 09: 07
      -6
      Quote: avvg
      Russia in space exploration has always been, is and will go in front of the planet.

      "Ahead is the planet", and you also say - "no matter how much you say halva halva - your mouth will not become sweeter."
      1. Bayonet
        Bayonet 18 March 2015 18: 27
        0
        The minuses were sketched, but poorly substantiated? You can continue to proudly call yourself quilted jackets! laughing
    2. theadenter
      theadenter 18 March 2015 09: 57
      +5
      He is no less a hero than Yuri Alekseevich.
  2. igorka357
    igorka357 18 March 2015 04: 46
    +18
    Leonov respect ... USSR glory !!!!
  3. Andrey Yuryevich
    Andrey Yuryevich 18 March 2015 04: 52
    +2
    and the Americans, after 4 years, walked on the moon! lol I so "believe" in it ... !!! laughing
    1. qwert
      qwert 18 March 2015 08: 21
      +2
      Yeah. They lagged behind. Then they suddenly rushed forward. And then they began to fall behind again. That's how it is arranged wassat
      1. Hleb
        Hleb 18 March 2015 09: 54
        +5
        Well, argue with Leonov
    2. theadenter
      theadenter 18 March 2015 10: 14
      +6
      Just look at their Saturn 5 rocket. There's a massive H1-sized one there. All launches were successful, they could well have flown.
    3. chebman
      chebman 18 March 2015 12: 27
      +5
      Why the irony? This fact was recognized even by Soviet cosmonauts.
    4. good fair
      good fair 18 March 2015 16: 07
      +2
      Quote: Andrey Yurievich
      and the Americans walked on the moon 4 years later! I "believe" so much ...!

      from the article:
      in zero gravity conditions the mass of the spacesuit did not play any significant role. Significantly more interference was caused by air pressure, which filled the airtight shell, making the spacesuit intractable and stiff. The astronauts had with tangible effort to overcome the resistance of their own vestments.

      And not just walked! They jumped, jumped like the maydauns, bent over, fell, got up, bending their legs at the knees, and easily. I will not upload videos, there are in the internet.
      All this is strange.
  4. Same lech
    Same lech 18 March 2015 05: 00
    +7
    50 years ago, Alexei Leonov first went into outer space


    A very cheerful person ... and courageous to go out into the cosmic void on a rope and hang over the abyss ... such a picture is amazing.

    HANDLE .... !!!!
  5. svp67
    svp67 18 March 2015 05: 01
    +12
    The greatest event in History, the greatest Man from a great Country !!!
  6. Bort radist
    Bort radist 18 March 2015 05: 45
    +3
    Valentin Bondarenko died on March 23!
    By a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of June 17, 1961, V.V. Bondarenko was awarded the Order of the Red Star (posthumously) for the successful completion of a government assignment. The title of astronaut was also assigned posthumously to him. There was such a government order: “To provide for the family of senior lieutenant. V. Bondarenkov as essential as the family of an astronaut. ”
    Valentin Bondarenko was buried in Kharkov, where his parents lived. On the obelisk mounted on the grave, the inscription was first made: "Blessed memory from friends-pilots." Later a postscript appeared: "cosmonauts of the USSR."

    The combination of these facts led to conversations in the kitchens that Bondarenko was the first cosmonaut but died. In our regiment there was a captain from these places (near Kharkov), he said that the cosmonauts came to Bondarenko's grave and there was an inscription "To the First Cosmonaut"

    Leonov is my fellow countryman. He always remembered his small homeland. In the 80s, Listvyanka was completely paved at his expense, and he presented the boy with a computer as a gift when many had not heard of them yet.
    1. Bayonet
      Bayonet 18 March 2015 16: 16
      +4
      Quote: Bort Radist
      The combination of these facts led to conversations in the kitchens that Bondarenko was the first astronaut but

      According to the training schedule, Valentin Bondarenko ended a ten-day stay in the soundproof chamber at the Moscow Air Force Research Institute of Aviation Medicine - like other astronauts, he was tested by loneliness and silence. At the end of the test, he made a simple and irreparable mistake. After completing medical tests, he removed the sensors that were fixed on his body, wiped the places where the sensors were, moistened with alcohol with cotton wool and inadvertently threw this piece of cotton wool. Vata fell on a spiral of hot electric stove and instantly flared up. In an atmosphere of pure oxygen, fire quickly spread throughout the chamber. A woolen tracksuit caught fire on Bondarenko. Due to the large pressure drop, it was impossible to quickly open the sound chamber. When the camera was opened, Bondarenko was still alive. He was taken to the Botkin Hospital, where doctors fought for his life, but to no avail.
      Eight hours later, Valentin Bondarenko died from a burn shock, 19 days before the flight of Yuri Gagarin. Doctor Vladimir Golyakhovsky, who worked at the Botkin Hospital, who later emigrated from the USSR to Israel, recalled that the pilot Gagarin was among those who visited his dying colleague.
      Do not believe the kitchen tales!
      1. Bort radist
        Bort radist 18 March 2015 16: 47
        0
        Quote: Bayonet
        He was taken to the Botkin Hospital, where doctors fought for his life, but to no avail.

        True, this story has been declassified recently.
        1. Aljavad
          Aljavad 21 March 2015 02: 31
          0
          True, this story has been declassified recently.


          25 years ago. In 1990
  7. Tatar 174
    Tatar 174 18 March 2015 05: 52
    +6
    Yes, it was .... There was great joy when we heard about it, everyone rejoiced, parents rejoiced, we rejoiced, there was a holiday, I remember! At night they looked at the sky, they wanted to see something smile
    1. qwert
      qwert 18 March 2015 08: 19
      +1
      Definitely an article PLUS.
  8. alleksSalut4507
    alleksSalut4507 18 March 2015 05: 58
    +5
    Oh! I cursed when I climbed back and spoke Dear Our Cosmonaut, without admitting how I remembered everyone! until the 80s did not say a secret.
  9. aszzz888
    aszzz888 18 March 2015 06: 13
    +4
    There are no accidents in History.
    Today is the anniversary of the annexation of Crimea to Russia!
    Congratulations to the astronaut A. Leonov! Congratulations to the Crimeans!
    1. Tankist_1980
      Tankist_1980 18 March 2015 10: 50
      0
      And in the picture with Alexei Arkhipovich (where he is in open space) is Crimea not visible?)))
      1. thinker
        thinker 18 March 2015 16: 22
        +1
        This painting by Leonov is called "Over the Black Sea" hi
  10. Barakuda
    Barakuda 18 March 2015 06: 42
    +2
    It’s a pity that few of the high school students know about it, and not only what
  11. bistrov.
    bistrov. 18 March 2015 06: 45
    +6
    I remember those times. I was thirteen years old. What excitement and euphoria prevailed in those days in society. It is a pity that it ended so deplorably with the collapse of the USSR and general depression. Only now people began to wake up and have some kind of hope. And these hopes connected, first of all, with the return of the Crimea. Russia is reborn again.
  12. Bayonet
    Bayonet 18 March 2015 07: 07
    +2
    Yes, there were times ... Then we were the first!
  13. parusnik
    parusnik 18 March 2015 07: 27
    +2
    First ... space flight ... first in outer space .. All the same, first ...
  14. Ajent cho
    Ajent cho 18 March 2015 08: 26
    -2
    All is well, of course, but who remembers how Leonov wriggled like a snake in front of the Americans? Is he still talking nonsense about the "flights" of nuns to the moon?
    Repent, Arkhipich, otherwise all your merits play into the hands of our enemy.
    1. Bayonet
      Bayonet 18 March 2015 16: 18
      +5
      Quote: Ajent Cho
      Repent, Arkhipich, otherwise all your merits play into the hands of our enemy.

      The commentary of a person is not only poorly educated, but also not decent!
  15. Arktidianets
    Arktidianets 18 March 2015 08: 29
    +3
    Long life, Alexey Arkhipovich!
  16. swertalf
    swertalf 18 March 2015 08: 35
    +4
    Quote: avvg
    Russia in space exploration has always been, is and will go in front of the planet. May God give health to Alexei Leonov !!!

    all the same, it is necessary to more accurately comment on the first state whose citizens conquered space was the Soviet Union - the Russian Federation its successor. Patriotism is good, but do not distort the truth for it.
    1. Bayonet
      Bayonet 18 March 2015 16: 21
      0
      Quote: swertalf
      Patriotism is good, but do not distort the truth for it.

      Do you deny the existence of Russia during the Soviet Union? But what about the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic?
      1. swertalf
        swertalf 20 March 2015 20: 47
        0
        Where did you find in my comment the denial of the existence of Russia - the RSFSR - a republic within the USSR. Let’s still argue sensibly: thousands of enterprises of the USSR worked for the Soviet space program, cosmonauts included immigrants of several nationalities, and the RSFSR could not alone without attracting the intellectual potential of such republics as the Ukrainian SSR, BSSR, the Baltic republics: Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia to independently carry out this program, despite the fact that the RSFSR was the most powerful republic of the Soviet Union - no one argues with this. Please note that the launches of spacecraft occurred from the territory of Kazakhstan. For comparison: now the Russian Federation has its own space program - does anyone know the names of the current Russian heroes-cosmonauts, I personally don’t, and I can’t even remember something not even an accomplishment, but at least something equivalent to the American rovers in modern Russian space exploration or a Japanese satellite taking samples of the comet’s substance. And this is very sad.
  17. swertalf
    swertalf 18 March 2015 09: 17
    +4
    Exit to outer space is an epoch-making event for all mankind, the significance of which will not fade with time. It, as well as the launch of the first artificial Earth satellite, and the first manned flight into space was evidence of the enormous scientific and technical potential of the Soviet state. Alexey Arkhipovich Leonov is undoubtedly a hero and a man of legend. In addition, he is a positive, sociable person. I saw him a year ago, when he came to our organization - he was bribed by his openness, energy, inconceivable for his age, and the desire to talk on equal terms with everyone. I wish Alexei Arkhipovich to fly into space once more on his centenary, at least as an honorary tourist.
  18. Hleb
    Hleb 18 March 2015 09: 52
    +1
    Leonov knows "Eugene Onegin" by heart. At least from his words
  19. pensioner
    pensioner 18 March 2015 10: 06
    +7
    The astronauts were in the remote Siberian taiga.
    Well, this is not the Siberian taiga, but the Permian, that the truth does not cancel its deafness. I know this place: Velys village nearby. I have been there many times. But if someone less prepared both physically and mentally in Leonov’s and Belyaev’s place, you could hardly have survived in those conditions. And they survived. And this is despite the fact that we have just visited space. Iron, great generation. There is someone to take an example of youth.
  20. hohryakov066
    hohryakov066 18 March 2015 10: 19
    +5
    In 1985 I had the honor to personally speak with this astronaut in the GVKG im.Burdenko, in Moscow. A very simple and friendly person. With apparent pleasure, I talked with ordinary soldiers.
  21. sub307
    sub307 18 March 2015 10: 56
    +1
    For its time, it was a momentous event that cannot be overestimated.
  22. Aleksandr1959
    Aleksandr1959 18 March 2015 11: 44
    +8
    If 50 years ago we were capable of such breakthrough technologies, why not now? Or capable, but is something interfering?
    I recall Leonov's intervention, which helped to carry out the R&D "Plane" - "Investigation of the possibility of using the Tu22M3 aircraft for training pilot-cosmonauts published by IIF35 at the final stage of the atmospheric phase of the flight." Tu-22M3 with minimum refueling gained 10-12000m, sweep maximum, engine operating mode - "low gas". Descent and landing in this flight configuration. The head of 8 GNIKI, at that time Colonel General Agurin, having seen the first landing, categorically forbade the continuation, the spectacle was really not for the faint of heart. From the ground it seemed that the plane was falling. Only Leonov's intervention helped to continue testing. Leonov personally observed several landings.
    Then it was 1983.
  23. Robert Nevsky
    Robert Nevsky 18 March 2015 11: 58
    +4
    ETERNAL GLORY TO SOVIET HEROES!
  24. 16112014nk
    16112014nk 18 March 2015 12: 24
    -3
    Quote: Ajent Cho
    All is well, of course, but who remembers how Leonov wriggled like a snake in front of the Americans? Is he still talking nonsense about the "flights" of nuns to the moon?
    Repent, Arkhipich, otherwise all your merits play into the hands of our enemy.

    I agree, Leonov caves in for some reason in front of the Americans. It’s unpleasant to listen to him trying to prove that the USA was on the moon. All arguments against the astronauts landing on the moon somehow clumsily justify. Although he really is a brave man - a pioneer in space!
    1. 16112014nk
      16112014nk 18 March 2015 21: 08
      -3
      By the way, it should be added that there is such an American film "Intersteller", though fantastic, but they themselves stipulate that the landing on the moon is a staging.
      1. Maximxnumx
        Maximxnumx April 14 2015 18: 25
        +2
        Quote: 16112014nk
        By the way, it should be added that there is such an American film "Intersteller", though fantastic, but they themselves stipulate that the landing on the moon is a staging.

        It was also said that they specifically changed this fact. The main character claimed that the landing was.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  25. valokordin
    valokordin 18 March 2015 12: 48
    +1
    Listened to Alexei Arkhipovich on TV. He did everything for his homeland and the Soviet government did everything possible for him, but, as I understand it, he did not like Soviet power for his father’s 2 year imprisonment in the thirties. And they did not fly to the moon, because there was no Korolev. And maybe for the better.
    1. Bayonet
      Bayonet 18 March 2015 16: 30
      +2
      Quote: valokordin
      but he, as I understand it, did not like the Soviet regime,

      You can love your wife, children, family, homeland - your land, but AUTHORITY ... power loves itself, and all others, too, but in a perverted form !!!!
  26. Turnek
    Turnek 18 March 2015 12: 50
    +1
    About every Great Man you need to make high-quality films.
  27. kursk87
    kursk87 18 March 2015 15: 39
    +3
    The exit of man into outer space, it was a triumph of the scientific branch of the USSR. Soviet scientists, engineers were the first to do this. Alexey Arkhipovich Leonov special thanks for the courage. Our domestic cosmonautics should develop. So that no one could take leadership in space. If we miss this area, it will be a disaster.
  28. Pilot
    Pilot 18 March 2015 17: 41
    +4
    Leonov was the first to go into outer space.
    The main thing is that I went back. I would have drunk for it, but it’s still far from Friday.
  29. ia-ai00
    ia-ai00 18 March 2015 18: 00
    0
    Good health to you, dear Alexei Leonov!
    Today on TV he talked about how they landed in the snow, they dropped something necessary from helicopters, including a bottle of cognac, but it crashed. I am very sorry that she crashed, and I would gladly give him in return, the best, for the health of all astronauts, and him personally! drinks
  30. Grizli-666
    Grizli-666 18 March 2015 18: 35
    +1
    Here is the movie of the film Time of the First Timur Bekmambetov
    http://kg-portal.ru/n51781
  31. wandlitz
    wandlitz 18 March 2015 18: 41
    +1
    I wish health to Alexei Arkhipovich.
  32. moskowit
    moskowit 18 March 2015 19: 45
    0
    Alexey Arkhipovich! I wish you many years of life, good health, success in painting and in your professional and social activities! You are a living legend of space exploration, the Son of a Great Country! Happiness to you. I still remember TASS messages performed by Levitan: "Attention, attention. All radio stations of the Soviet Union are working ..." Wow, goosebumps from the solemnity and importance of the moment ...
  33. Noncombatant
    Noncombatant 19 March 2015 17: 04
    0
    Quote: Bayonet
    Quote: avvg
    Russia in space exploration has always been, is and will go in front of the planet.

    "Ahead is the planet", and you also say - "no matter how much you say halva halva - your mouth will not become sweeter."

    Will I look at your mood to bite with someone?
  34. Vitaly Anisimov
    Vitaly Anisimov 20 March 2015 19: 12
    0
    In space, we (I am the Nazi face, .y) are the first ..! We are not only able to fight yet! True, they do not allow us to build and build ... They provoke everyone to war in order to rob ... That's how the men live.! hi Quilted jackets we and bast shoes .. (recently such bast shoes were launched into space "Angara"! All bast shoes .. Eh "bast shoes" of Russia .. Keep it up! drinks
    1. Vitaly Anisimov
      Vitaly Anisimov 20 March 2015 19: 18
      0
      Quote: MIKHAN
      In space, we (I am the Nazi face, .y) are the first ..! We are not only able to fight yet! True, they do not allow us to build and build ... They provoke everyone to war in order to rob ... That's how the men live.! hi Quilted jackets we and bast shoes .. (recently such bast shoes were launched into space "Angara"! All bast shoes .. Eh "bast shoes" of Russia .. Keep it up! drinks

      Admins check this comment!
      I'm a Nazi face, .y)

      Hacking along the way? Substitution is strange
      1. Vitaly Anisimov
        Vitaly Anisimov 20 March 2015 20: 35
        0
        Quote: MIKHAN
        Quote: MIKHAN
        In space, we (I am the Nazi face, .y) are the first ..! We are not only able to fight yet! True, they do not allow us to build and build ... They provoke everyone to war in order to rob ... That's how the men live.! hi Quilted jackets we and bast shoes .. (recently such bast shoes were launched into space "Angara"! All bast shoes .. Eh "bast shoes" of Russia .. Keep it up! drinks

        Admins check this comment!
        I'm a Nazi face, .y)

        He asked and in response to silence ...
        Hacking along the way? Substitution is strange
  35. Vitaly Anisimov
    Vitaly Anisimov 20 March 2015 21: 16
    0
    I, I am the Nazi face, ... (check)
    I understood the robot replaces everything .. I think you need to change it all the same .. admins! The joke is not very good at the topic .. hi
  36. Old26
    Old26 26 June 2015 08: 04
    +2
    Quote: Ajent Cho
    All is well, of course, but who remembers how Leonov wriggled like a snake in front of the Americans? Is he still talking nonsense about the "flights" of nuns to the moon? Repent, Arkhipych, otherwise all your merits play into the hands of our enemy.

    Lord, another denouncer of the machinations of American imperialism.
    Dear, you know, what is the difference between you and Alexei Arkhipovich with respect to the lunar program of the Americans?
    And the difference is that he KNOWS that the Americans were on the Moon, and you BELIEVE that they were not there. Moreover, only by the criterion that they are Americans and that means a priori always and everywhere they are blowing the whole world.
    Trust Leonov better than scribblers like Mukhin and Pavlov who scribbled their "revelatory books". Nobody says that there are no roughnesses in all this, but the realities remain realities.
    I worked in this area for almost 15 years, and no one among those working in the design bureau, at the training ground, at the CPC had any doubts.
    All the same, the conclusions on which such revelations are based is the American film "Capricorn-1" as a seed that Americans are bullshit and can push everything they want to everyone, and books by Mukhin and Pavlov, where absurdity is based on absurdity
    1. Amon on Earth
      Amon on Earth 16 October 2017 12: 59
      0
      The fact is that flights to the moon, not to mention Mars, require protection from radiation - at least, not to mention the presence of gravity. There was no such technology then and no now. There is no need to give an example about the ISS, as it flies at an altitude of about 406 km above sea level and it is located in the upper atmosphere, under the radiation belt (called a shield) of Van Allen (which also needs to be overcome, and there is increased radiation) and the Earth’s magnetosphere. And yes, on the ISS, gravity is 90% of the norm, i.e. 10% less than above sea level, and weightlessness due to the state of constant free fall. This is science! How a person will behave in the absence of gravity is unknown to science. And, for example, if you were even at an altitude of 500 km above sea level, then the astronauts would not have survived due to radiation, and the moon is at a distance of 384 thousand kilometers from the Earth (the distance between the centers) - this is Open Space, unless there a little gravity will be, because After all, the Earth holds the Moon with its gravity. In the USA there are not even radiation suits. How would they reach the moon, not to mention the passage of the Van Allen belt and the landing on the surface?
      1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Amon on Earth
      Amon on Earth 16 October 2017 13: 03
      0
      You know, even assuming that US astronauts landed on the moon, they sent them there in one lead capsule one way. And these "heroes-astronauts" are just actors.
      In simple terms, radiation in outer space is, roughly speaking, (approximately) how to be inside a damaged Chernobyl reactor unit in the first minutes of an explosion.
      What then did NASA not give such "super suits" in 1979, when there was an accident at a nuclear power plant in the USA? Why didn’t they give costumes in the USSR when the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded in 1986? Explaining this by the fact that their costumes do not protect against radiation!
      You see what’s the matter, flights to the moon, not to mention Mars, etc., are refuted by science with modern technologies. But you still need to have a very large rocket, the power of which would be enough to send that even a lead capsule to the moon. But, in some mysterious way, rockets and even blueprints, etc. - disappeared somewhere)) Or maybe it never happened? For example, "hero-astronauts" circled in low Earth orbit, for example, in the lowest reference orbit, and returned to Earth, and "dummies" were sent to the moon, which they stupidly dropped to the surface.
      1. Amon on Earth
        Amon on Earth 16 October 2017 13: 04
        0
        There is no atmosphere on the moon, no magnetosphere and radiation belt. The moon is not protected at all. In space, vacuum, electromagnetic waves does not stop anything from spreading in space (well, from the thermonuclear reaction of the Sun). It’s just physics, science ... Nevertheless, one could fly to the Moon and land when it was beyond the Earth, i.e. in the tail of the Earth’s magnetosphere, which extends to a distance unknown to science, and from the side of the Sun the magnetosphere is about 70 km. The funny thing is not even that on the Moon the background ... By the way, on the Moon it can be lower (when it is behind the Earth), but the Van Allen radiation belt of the Earth is fonite cruel ... With current technologies, we are in a capsule. .. i.e. horseradish fly out of here. And in the absence of gravity, the present man has not yet been. And the fact that they "flew" to the Moon 000 times and "landed" 8 times. What for? Well, a good show is more expensive than money. Now they can’t still, but then they could ... And where are the photos of the real landing module? Where are the photos of real astronauts on the moon? Those photos and videos that are not real, it has long been proven, and NASA confirmed, saying that many frames were shot on Earth. But looking at the video, everything was filmed there on Earth. Where is the rocket? It is said that the technology is lost ... Where is it lost? What kind of nonsense?))
        The Americans may have been on the moon, but either with the technologies of other civilizations, which they only had enough for 8 flights, or with the direct assistance of other civilizations, or they were sent there and there they died dead, i.e. suicide bombers (which is unlikely, because flying far, and the ship’s hull shown is not protected from solar radiation, and their costumes too).
        Of course, I can assume that all science is a lie, but millions of people are involved in it, and in the Lunar program - a maximum of several hundred.
  37. Old26
    Old26 16 October 2017 20: 04
    +1
    Quote: avvg
    Russia in space exploration has always been, is and will go in front of the planet.

    Alas, no longer

    Quote: Bort Radist
    Valentin Bondarenko was buried in Kharkov, where his parents lived.

    The son, Alexander, ended his service as a colonel. Now lives in Bahchivanji

    Quote: Tartar 174
    Yes, it was .... There was great joy when we heard about it, everyone rejoiced, parents rejoiced, we rejoiced, there was a holiday, I remember! At night they looked at the sky, they wanted to see something smile

    In the first words of Levitan, not much joy was observed. I remember how the faces of my grandmother and grandfather were "stiffened" in the first words of Levitan, "Moscow speaks! Listen to the TASS message." And only after the words about the astronaut did their faces soften. Then they said - they thought that war again

    Quote: alleksSalut4507
    Oh! I cursed when I climbed back and spoke Dear Our Cosmonaut, without admitting how I remembered everyone! until the 80s did not say a secret.

    When he usually came to our office in KB to protect the outline design of the product, he spoke to the staff. A couple of times attended these performances. What you are talking about in his presentation was as follows. As he said, after the flight, the Italians who listened to the air asked him a question:
    - Signor Leonov! What did you tell the commander when you returned to the cockpit?
    Leonov, from his words answered:
    I told him .... hello commander!
    What the Italians say no, you said something else, but that we did not find in any dictionary
    What Leonov said - STUDY RUSSIAN LANGUAGE


    Quote: 16112014nk
    I agree, Leonov caves in for some reason in front of the Americans. It’s unpleasant to listen to him trying to prove that the USA was on the moon. All arguments against the astronauts landing on the moon somehow clumsily justify. Although he really is a brave man - a pioneer in space!

    Of course, it is easier to believe the nerdy Mukhin than Leonovu, who himself was preparing for the lunar program. That's all they say, but not one of the apologists that the Americans were on the moon answered the question: WHERE ARE THEIR SOILS??
    But everyone believes Mukhin, who in his libel on the cover wrote that the Americans managed to crank it all up To the betrayal of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the meanness of Soviet scientists. With one stroke of the pen, this expert on everything and everyone, who wrote over 20 years of research books on absolutely all kinds of topics (now, it seems, is still under investigation), wrote hundreds of thousands of Soviet scientists in Scoundrels. We believe the one who called the color of Soviet science Scoundrels. And these are the creators of space technology, and astronauts, and dozens of scientific institutes - all of them Scoundrels according to the clicker Mukhin

    Quote: Amon on Earth
    How would they reach the moon, not to mention the passage of the Van Allen belt and the landing on the surface?

    Try to read not Murzil, but serious research on the doses received by astronauts and astronauts in space at various distances, including when crossing Van Allen belts. You will be unpleasantly surprised. The thing is that the most dangerous EMNIP was the proton flow, but its astronauts crossed in less than an hour, so the dose that they received was not large, no more than the dose that ours received in weeks at the orbital station
    1. nmaxxen
      nmaxxen 22 October 2017 10: 23
      0
      Simple question; Is the color of the moon gray or brown?