Military Review

Beria is the protagonist of the USSR atomic project

164
Beria is the protagonist of the USSR atomic projectThe fate of L. P. Beria, who was the deputy and “right” hand of Joseph Stalin, was sealed after Stalin’s death. The members of the Bureau of the Presidium of the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) and the group of senior army officials that supported them seriously feared being exposed by L. P. Beria, who had all the information about their participation in mass repressions.


Prior to his appointment as Commissar of Internal Affairs, L. P. Beria’s published biography did not compromise his information. Due to the fact that it is not available to a wide circle of readers, I will cite its full text, published in the historical and revolutionary calendar for 1940: “Lavrenty Pavlovich Beria was born 29 in March 1899 in the village of Merheuli, Sukhumsky district (Abkhaz ASSR), in a poor peasant family . He received his initial education at the Sukhumi Higher Primary School, after which he went to study in Baku, where he entered the Polytechnic School and graduated in 1919 with a degree in engineering architect. Ever since his youthful years, Comrade Beria joined the revolutionary movement.

In 1915, he took a leadership role in organizing an illegal student revolutionary group and actively participated in his work. In March, 1917, Mr. T. Beria joined the RSDLP (Bolsheviks) and conducted active underground work during the period when the Musavatists were dominant in Azerbaijan.

In 1920, after the establishment of Soviet power in Azerbaijan, Comrade Beria, on the instructions of the Caucasian Bureau of the Central Committee of the RCP (B.) And the XI Army Headquarters, twice traveled to illegal Bolshevik work in Georgia, where the Georgian Mensheviks were then in power. Having contacted local Bolshevik organizations, Comrade Beria did a great job in Georgia in preparing an armed uprising against the Menshevik government.

In connection with the failure of the illegal Central Committee of the Bolsheviks of Georgia in 1920, Mr. T. Beria was arrested by the Menshevik government and put in the Kutaisi prison. After several months of imprisonment, comrade Beria, at the insistence of comrade Kirov, then an authorized representative of Soviet Russia in Georgia, was sent out of Georgia to Soviet Azerbaijan. In Baku, Mr. Beria first worked at the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Azerbaijan, and then, in order to strengthen the staff of the Azerbaijani Cheka, was appointed head of the secret-operational unit and deputy chairman of the Azerbaijani Cheka.

In the autumn of 1922, by the decision of the Transcaucasian Regional Committee of the RCP (B.) T. Beria is transferred to work in the Cheka of Georgia as the head of the secret operational unit, with the combination of the post of head of the Special Department of the Army. From this time until the end of 1931, Mr. T. Beria has been continuously in leading KGB work, holding consecutively the positions of the chairman of the Cheka of Georgia, deputy chairman of the GPU Transcaucasian Federation, chairman of the Transcaucasian and Georgian GPU, and plenipotentiary chairman of the GPU in the TSFSR. Over the period of work in the Cheka-GPU bodies, Comrade Beria has done an enormous amount of work to defeat and liquidate the anti-Soviet parties of the Transcaucasus (Georgian Mensheviks, Mussavatists and Dashnaks).

Special mention should be made of the achievements of comrade Beria in the defeat of the counter-revolutionary Trotsky-Bukharin and bourgeois-nationalist gangs, as well as the Georgian Menshevik party, which in the early years of Soviet power in Georgia was a significant counter-revolutionary force that actively fought against Soviet power right up to the organization of armed intervention. At the same time, during this period, Comrade Beria did a great job of exposing the enemies of the people who had penetrated to the party and Soviet leadership in Transcaucasia.

At the beginning of November, 1931 t. Beria was elected first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Georgia and second secretary of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolshevik) and first secretary of the All-Union Communist Party of Ukraine (Bolsheviks). Central Committee KP (b) of Georgia. At the head of the Bolshevik organizations of Georgia and the Transcaucasus, Comrade Beria displays brilliant organizational talent, Leninist-Stalinist persistence and intransigence towards the enemies of the people in the struggle to hold the general line of the party. With his skillful and strong Bolshevik leadership, he directs the work of party organizations to implement the directives of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) to correct the grossest distortions of party policy in the countryside, to raise industry, agriculture and culture of the Transcaucasian republics, to cultivate and bolshevik education of cadres.

Much merit belongs to t. Beria in exposing Trotsky-Bukharin falsifiers. stories Bolshevism. His famous work, written in 1935, “To the Question of the History of Bolshevik Organizations in the Transcaucasus”, which was distributed in millions of copies and translated into many languages ​​of the peoples of the USSR, is a valuable contribution to the history of Bolshevism.

For military and revolutionary services, comrade Beria was awarded the Order of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner, the Fighting and Labor Orders of the Red Banner of the Republic of Georgia, the Labor Order of the Red Banner of Azerbaijan, two signs of the honorary KGB officer.

In August, 1938, Mr. T. Beria transferred to work in Moscow. Currently, Comrade Beria is the people's commissar of the interior of the USSR. Since the XVII Congress of the Party, T. Beria is a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU (B.). At the first plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b), elected by the XVIII Congress of the Party in March 1939, t. Beria was elected a candidate member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b). Tov. Beria - deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR ". [1]

It is noteworthy that in subsequent published biographies of L. P. Beria, this information is either absent or reduced to a minimum.

In recent years, LP. Beria has written a lot of publications. Most authors attempt to unravel the phenomenon of this ambiguously perceived political figure. The man in the street is so sure that L.P. Beria was a political demon and a bloodthirsty murderer, that he does not want to hear anything about the opposite assessment of his contribution to the victory in the Great Patriotic War and the preservation of the independence of the Soviet state. In connection with this denial, the author has set a goal: to find out the true face of L. P. Beria.

In the previous article, The Mystery of Beria, the author made an attempt to prove that LP Beria was not only not the organizer of mass repressions, but was also an active opponent of the illegal methods of investigation. Over the years of his leadership, the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs (NKVD) of the USSR released 185 thousand. 571 people convicted for counter-revolutionary activities under article 58 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR. After the death of I. V. Stalin, he initiated a large-scale amnesty and other democratic reforms.

During the war years, L. P. Beria led the entire military economy of the country and led the nationwide work to create a domestic nuclear power plant. weapons.

Let us try to analyze the chronology of events and assess the contribution of L. P. Beria to the implementation of the Soviet atomic project.

The first intelligence department of the NKVD, beginning in the autumn of 1941, received information about the work on the creation of atomic weapons in the United States, Britain and Germany through the foreign agent network created. Having received the information, L. P. Beria, not convinced of its complete authenticity, was in no hurry to report this to JV Stalin. This is confirmed by the fact that L. P. Beria was writing a draft letter to J. V. Stalin about the content of reconnaissance materials and the need to organize work on the creation of atomic weapons. The draft letter was written between 10 October 1941 and 31 March 1942, but it was never sent.

LP Beria decided to report only on 6 of October 1942 in October, suggesting to JV Stalin to work out the creation of a scientific advisory body from the authorities of the State Defense Committee (GKO) [2] to coordinate, study and direct all the works scientists, research organizations of the USSR, dealing with the issue of atomic energy of uranium. Provide a secret acquaintance of prominent uranium specialists with the materials of the NKVD of the USSR for the purpose of their evaluation and further use.

The letter also reported that from top-secret materials obtained by agents of the NKVD of the USSR from England by agents, it followed that an office had been set up at the British Military Cabinet to study the problem of uranium for military purposes and to manufacture uranium bombs of great destructive power. [ 3]

The start date for the implementation of the Soviet atomic project is 28 in September of 1942. On this day, an order of the State Committee of the USSR was signed No. 2352ss "On the organization of work on uranium" [4]. The order noted that the USSR Academy of Sciences (AS) should “resume work on the feasibility study of using atomic energy by nuclear fission and submit a report on the possibility of creating a uranium bomb or uranium fuel to 1 on April 1943 in April” [5].

Until May 1944, the activities of state bodies and scientific organizations on the uranium problem were supervised by the Deputy Chairman of the State Defense Committee, V. M. Molotov, who at the same time served as First Deputy Prime Minister and People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs. However, due to his workload, in fact, these duties were assigned to the deputy chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR (SNK) and at the same time the People's Commissar of the chemical industry M. G. Pervukhin.

19 in May 1944 of Mr. M. G. Pervukhin wrote a note addressed to J. V. Stalin “On the problem of uranium”, where he proposed that these functions be entrusted to L. P. Beria to raise the status of management of the use of intra-atomic energy on behalf of the state.

In the note, this proposal was amended as follows: “To create, under the State Defense Committee, the Uranium Council for day-to-day monitoring and assistance in carrying out work on uranium is approximately as follows:

1. t. Beria L.P. (Chairman of the Council); 2. V. Molotov; M. 3. M. Pervukhin, G. (Vice-Chairman); 4. Academician Kurchatov I. V. ”[6]

This proposal indirectly looked at the personal interest of M. G. Pervukhin in raising his status in project management. This was manifested in the fact that the chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR was assigned the role of an ordinary member of the council, and he offered to appoint himself to the position of deputy chairman of the council. Violation of subordination was the very appeal of M. G. Pervukhin to I. V. Stalin, bypassing V. M. Molotov. Most likely, he himself understood this, so the next day, 20 of May 1944, sent a letter of similar content to V. M. Molotov and L. P. Beria. [7]

16 May 1944 g. I. V. Stalin appointed L.P. Beria the Deputy Chairman of the State Defense Committee and the Chairman of the Operations Bureau, whose task was to supervise the work of all the Commissariat of Defense Industry, Railway and Water Transport, Ferrous and Nonferrous Metallurgy, Coal, Oil, chemical, rubber, pulp and paper, electrical industry, power plants. Thus, from this time L. P. Beria began to lead the entire military economy of the country.

After discussing the note of M. G. Pervukhina with the invitation of I. V. Kurchatov, V. M. Molotov decided to report the problem of uranium to I. V. Stalin, who agreed with the proposal to entrust the management of all work to L. P. Beria. Already since June 21, 1944 from V.M. Molotov addressed L. P. Beria the first draft resolutions of the State Defense Committee and the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR related to the nuclear project. Since that time, all scientific, industrial and other issues on the uranium problem were solved with the knowledge and with the direct participation of L. P. Beria.

After the appointment of L.P. Beria as the person responsible for the work on uranium, 29 September 1944, I.V. Kurchatov sent a note to his name “On the unsatisfactory state of work on the problem”. In it, he informed about the large-scale work abroad and the high concentration of scientific and engineering forces involved in the uranium problem. In addition, I. V. Kurchatov expressed serious concern about the development of similar works in the USSR, especially in the area of ​​raw materials availability and separation issues, and asked LP Beria to give instructions on the organization of such works. [8]

The result of the appeal of I. V. Kurchatov from September 29 1944 was the adoption of the decree of the State Defense Committee No. 7102ss / s from December 8 on 1944 “On measures to ensure the development of mining and processing of uranium ores” [9]. This resolution provided for the organization within the structure of the NKVD of the USSR, which continued to be headed by L.P. Beria, Uranium Research Institute - “Institute of Special Metals of the NKVD” (the future scientific research institute-9 [10] in Moscow).

3 December 1944 g. I. V. Stalin signed the Decree of the State Defense Committee No. 7069SS “On Urgent Measures to Ensure the Deployment of Works Conducted by Laboratory No. 2 of the USSR Academy of Sciences”, the final point of which was to supervise the development of work on uranium. This item has already legally secured the responsibility of L. P. Beria for the further fate of the atomic project. [11]

Having received broad powers, L. P. Beria gave the whole work a more organized and dynamic character. In order to ensure the secrecy of the tasks to be solved, the access of the participants to the work was limited only to the amount of information that is necessary for the performance of their duties. L.P. Beria appointed experienced leaders from among the NKVD of the USSR to key positions in organizations dealing with the tasks of creating atomic weapons.

The search, mining and processing of uranium ores was also transferred to the NKVD of the USSR. Responsibility for this section was assigned to Colonel General A. P. Zavenyagin, Deputy L. P. Beria. In addition, the Commissariat directly participated in the solution of the tasks of the Soviet atomic project: carried out intelligence activities, allocated the necessary number of GULAG prisoners in the required quantity for the objects under construction and provided security at sensitive sites.

One of the veterans and leaders of the nuclear industry, A. M. Petrosyants [12], writes about the reasons for the appointment of L. P. Beria as the head of all work on the atomic problem: “Among all the members of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU and other top leaders of the country, Beria was the most prepared in matters of technical politics and technology. I know all this not by hearsay, but by personal contacts with him on many technical issues related to tank-building and nuclear issues. In the interests of historical justice, it is impossible not to say that Beria, this terrible person, the head of the punitive organ of our country, was able to fully justify Stalin’s confidence by using the entire scientific potential of nuclear scientists (Kurchatov, Khariton and many, many others) in our country. He gave all the work on the nuclear issue the necessary scope, breadth of action and dynamism. He possessed tremendous energy and efficiency, was an organizer who was able to bring all the work begun by him to the end. Often traveled to objects, acquainted with the course and results of work, always provided the necessary assistance and at the same time sharply and strictly dealt with careless performers, regardless of rank and position. In the process of creating the first Soviet nuclear bomb, its role was in the full sense of the word immeasurable. His efforts and opportunities to use all types and trends of the country's industries in the interests of creating a nuclear industry, scientific and technical potential of the country and vast masses of prisoners, his fear of him provided him with complete freedom of action and victory for the Soviet people in this scientific and technical epic. ”[ 13]
20 on August 1945 of the USSR GKO issued Order No. 9887ss / op “On the Special Committee at the GFCS” (from 4 September 1945 of the Council of People’s Commissars (SNK) of the USSR, from 15 in March 1946 under the Council of Ministers (SM) of the USSR).

The Special Committee (SC) was entrusted with "the management of all work on the use of uranium intraatomic energy." L.P. Beria was appointed chairman of the SC. In this order, the T-bills 13 item was stated as follows: “I’m instructing comrade Beria to take measures for organizing offensive intelligence work to obtain more complete technical and economic information about the uranium industry and atomic bombs, entrusting it with all intelligence work in this area, conducted by intelligence agencies (NKGB [14], ARM [15], etc.) ”[16]

In connection with the reorganization of the People's Commissars that began in the country and transforming them into ministries, as well as being very busy in carrying out the most important secret assignments of special state significance on December 29 1945, L. P. Beria was relieved of the post of people's commissary of internal affairs. In March 1946, he was elected a member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Party and appointed Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. Since then, L.P. Beria began to oversee the work of the Ministry of the Interior (MIA), the Ministry of State Security and the Ministry of State Control.

The SC operated for incomplete 8 years and was eliminated on 26 on June 1953, immediately after the arrest of L. P. Beria. At the meetings of the SC, the documents relating to the atomic project, resolutions and orders of the GKO, SNK, USSR Council of Ministers of the USSR, which were submitted for approval to I. V. Stalin, were discussed, corrected and approved. Over the period of the UK operation, more than 140 meetings were held.

The approximate amount of minutes of meetings of the IC is 1000 typewritten lists. In general, the office work SK contains about 1700 cases containing more than 300 thousands of typewritten pages. These documents include materials from meetings of the Technical and Engineering-Technical Councils, as well as correspondence with organizations and enterprises on the atomic project.

By the decision of the Bureau of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 26 in January 1953, the management of special works on the atomic problem instead of the SC was entrusted to a “troika” consisting of: L. P. Beria (chairman), N. A. Bulganina and G. M. Malenkov. By the Resolution of the USSR Council of Ministers on 16 in March 1953, No. 697-335cc / op, the SC was formed again and operated until 26 in June 1953, after which it was abolished due to the formation of the Ministry of Medium Machine Building of the USSR.

Only the researcher or reader, who at least just looks through all the 12 books of the three-volume collection “The Atomic Project of the USSR. Documents and Materials ”and will read diagonally the headings of declassified government documents, letters, references, memoranda, etc., will get an idea of ​​the amount of information LP Beria had to receive. Every day, taking full responsibility for himself, he made government decisions.

If you carefully read the texts of these documents and official correspondence, the resolutions that LP Beria made, then this will give a more complete picture of the enormous workload that he faced, holding in his hands all the threads of this multifaceted work. Indeed, each of the most serious state documents of L. P. Beria did not simply sign, he thoroughly understood it, the work of entire research teams stood behind each number and term. All these documents and draft government decrees were then submitted for signature to JV Stalin.
In his book “Beria. The fate of the all-powerful People's Commissar "Boris Sokolov quoted the deputy I. V. Kurchatov, Professor I. V. Golovin, who noted that" Beria was an excellent organizer - energetic and corrosive. If he took papers for the night, then by morning the documents would return with reasonable comments and practical suggestions. He was well versed in people, checked everything personally, and it was impossible to hide mistakes from him ... ”

Then Boris Sokolov gives the impressions of the head of the C department of the NKVD (NKGB) of the USSR, acting simultaneously as the head of the K department of the NKGB of the USSR (counter-intelligence support of the Soviet atomic project) P. A. Sudoplatov, who repeatedly participated in the meeting of the SC: “The meetings of the Special Committee are usually held in the office of Beria. These were hot discussions. I was surprised by the mutual claims of members of the government. Beria intervened in these disputes, called for order. And for the first time I saw that everyone in this particular government body considered themselves equal in official position, regardless of who was a member of the Central Committee or the Politburo ... Beria, rude and cruel in communicating with his subordinates, could be attentive, courteous, provide everyday support people involved in important work, defended these people from all sorts of intrigues of the NKVD or the party instances. He always warned business leaders about their personal responsibility for the rigorous performance of the task, he had the unique ability to inspire people with both fear and encouragement to work ... It seems to me that he took these qualities from Stalin - strict control, exceptionally high demands and so the ability to create an atmosphere of confidence in the head that, in the case of successful implementation of the task, support is provided to him ”.

Contemporaries and colleagues who participated together with L. P. Beria in this work, noted his high physical performance, energy, dedication and responsibility in the process of managing the work on the uranium problem. He was not limited to office work only, often traveling on business trips directly to enterprises. He delved not only into organizational and economic problems, but also was well versed in technical issues requiring special knowledge.

N. S. Khrushchev called him "a smart, business-like and resourceful organizer." Similar assessments were given to him by the leaders of the military-industrial complex, nuclear scientists. This is how Yu. B. Khariton spoke about L. P. Beria in his memoirs: “It is known that at first the general leadership of the Soviet atomic project was exercised by V. M. Molotov. The style of his leadership and, accordingly, the results were not particularly effective. I. V. Kurchatov did not hide his dissatisfaction.

With the transfer of the atomic project into the hands of Beria, the situation has changed dramatically. Although P. L. Kapitsa, who at first took part in the work of the Special Committee and the Technical Council on the atomic bomb, in a letter to Stalin spoke of the methods of the new leader in a sharply negative way.

Beria quickly gave all the work on the project the necessary scope and dynamism. This man, who was the personification of evil in the modern history of the country, possessed at the same time enormous energy and efficiency. Our specialists, entering into contact with him, could not help but note his intelligence, will and determination. We made sure that he is a first-class organizer who knows how to carry things through to the end. It may seem paradoxical, but Beria, who did not hesitate to show sometimes frank rudeness, knew how to be a polite, tactful and just normal person. It is not by chance that one of the German specialists N. Ril, who worked in the USSR, had a very good impression from his meetings with Beria.

The meetings held by him were businesslike, always productive and never delayed. He was a master of unexpected and unusual solutions .... Beria was quick in work, did not neglect site visits and personal acquaintance with the results of work. When conducting our first atomic explosion, he was the chairman of a state commission. Despite his exceptional position in the party and the government, Beria found time for personal contact with people interested in him, even if they did not have any official distinctions or high titles. It is known that he repeatedly met with A. D. Sakharov — then still a candidate of physico-mathematical sciences, as well as with O. A. Lavrentiev, who had just been demobilized by a Far Eastern sergeant.

Beria showed understanding and tolerance if this or that specialist was required to perform the work, but did not inspire confidence in the staff of his staff. When L.V. Altshuler, who did not hide his sympathy for genetics and antipathies for Lysenko, the security service decided to remove from the object under the pretext of unreliability, Yu. B. Khariton directly called Beria and said that this employee was doing a lot of good for the work. The conversation was limited to the only question of an omnipotent man, which followed a long pause: “Do you really need him?”. Having received an affirmative answer and saying: "Well, okay," Beria hung up. The incident was settled.

According to the impressions of many veterans of the nuclear industry, if the country's nuclear project had remained under the leadership of Molotov, it would have been difficult to count on quick success in carrying out such a grandiose scale of work. ”[17]

As is known, I. V. Stalin was a very cautious man. In many documents on the atomic project (including draft government decrees on testing the first atomic bomb), his signature was missing. For example, the draft resolution of the Council of Ministers of the USSR "On the Testing of the First Atomic Bomb" of August 18 1949 remained unsigned by JV Stalin. Moreover, only one meeting on atomic topics was held with the participation of JV Stalin. It passed 9 on January 1947. According to the logbook of visitors to the Kremlin cabinet of Joseph Stalin, V. M. Molotov, L. P. Beria, G. M. Malenkov, A. N. Voznesensky, V. A. Malyshev, as well as leading scientists and leaders involved in the atomic project. A year earlier, January 25 1946, I. V. Stalin, in his Kremlin office, heard a report by I. V. Kurchatov.

L. P. Beria's subsequent proposals for hearing reports or holding meetings V. V. Stalin did not accept, [18] therefore L. P. Beria was forced to take responsibility for himself. Before leaving for the testing ground of the first copy of the atomic bomb 26 of August 1949 at a meeting of the SC at the USSR Council of Ministers consisting of L. P. Beria, G. M. Malenkova, B. L. Vannikova, M. G. Pervukhina, A. P Zavenyagin, I. V. Kurchatov and V. A. Makhnev adopted a draft resolution of the Council of Ministers of the USSR "On the Testing of the Soviet Atomic Bomb", which was not signed by I. V. Stalin. In the statement to the draft resolution, the member of the Investigation Committee V. A. Makhnev wrote by hand: “The Chairman of the Investigation Committee returned both copies and said that the matter was discussed in the Central Committee and the Decision would not be made.” [19]

Despite this, the test of the atomic bomb RDS-1, in which the members of the UK L. P. Beria, M. G. Pervukhin, A. P. Zavenyagin, I. V. Kurchatov and V. A. Makhnev took part, took place 29 August 1949 at the site number 2, in 170 km. west of Semipalatinsk, Kazakh SSR.

30 August 1949 from the test area L. P. Beria and I. V. Kurchatov wrote a report which was presented to J. V. Stalin 31 August 1949. The preliminary test results were set out in it:

“We report to you, Comrade Stalin, that with the efforts of a large team of Soviet scientists, designers, engineers, executives and workers in our industry, as a result of 4's years of hard work, your task to create a Soviet atomic bomb has been fulfilled. The creation of the atomic bomb in our country has been achieved thanks to your daily attention, care and help in solving this task ... ”[20]

28 October 1949. L. P. Beria presented to JV Stalin the final report on the results of the atomic bomb test. The report was signed by L.P. Beria individually. Attached to it was a draft resolution of the USSR Council of Ministers “On the use of test results at test site No. 2.” [21]

Thus, in a very short time, under the leadership of L. P. Beria, an enormous amount of research, development, production, and economic work was carried out in the country, which resulted in the successful testing of an atomic bomb. All work was carried out in strict compliance with the regime of state secrets.

For the successful implementation of a special task of the government, more than 800 scientific, engineering, technical and executives of research and development organizations and industrial enterprises were awarded orders and medals of the Soviet Union. Only 29 of October 1949 was signed by four award decrees of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR, one separate decision of the Council of Ministers (CM) of the USSR and one joint decision of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) and the Council of Ministers of the USSR.

The signing of decrees and resolutions was preceded by a discussion of their projects at a meeting of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) of 29 in October 1949. [22] Following the meeting, a joint resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) and the USSR Council of Ministers No. 5039-XNUMHCC was adopted, in which all projects were approved decrees PVA USSR. Decrees were not subject to publication and were kept in the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) and the PAS of the USSR in accordance with the procedure established for the storage of secret documents.

At the same meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) of October 29 1949, it was decided to award the Heroes of Socialist Labor B. L. Vannikov, B. G. Muzrukova and N. L. Dukhova with the second Sickle and Hammer gold medal. The Decree of the PPS of the USSR from October 29 1949 noted that they were awarded "for exceptional services to the state in carrying out the special assignment of the government, giving the right to be awarded the title Hero of Socialist Labor." Awarded the certificate in the prescribed form.

B. L. Vannikov was Head of the First Main Directorate at the USSR Council of Ministers, B. G. Muzrukov - Director of Plant No. 817 (now the Mayak Production Association in Ozersk (Chelyabinsk-40, Chelyabinsk Region), N. L. Dukhov - Deputy Chief Designer of KB-11 (now Russian Federal Nuclear Center All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics in the city of Sarov (Arzamas-16), Nizhny Novgorod Region). Before signing decrees on awarding the participants of the atomic project in the USSR, there were no precedents for re-awarding Olot star of Hero of Socialist Labor.

By the following Decree of the PPS of the USSR from 29 in October 1949, 33 to scientific, engineering and managerial personnel of research, design organizations and industrial enterprises, who participated in solving the problems of the Soviet atomic project, “for exceptional services to the state in performing a special task,” including the German scientist Nikolaus Ril, he was awarded the title Hero of Socialist Labor with the award of the Order of Lenin and the Sickle and Hammer gold medal.

By a separate Decree of the PPS of the USSR from 29 of October 1949, the most distinguished were awarded in the performance of the special assignment of the government of 808 to scientific and engineering workers. Among them: the Order of Lenin - 260 people, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor - 496 people, the Order Badge of Honor - 52 people. [23]

General A.S. Aleksandrov, who worked in L. P. Beria’s office, who was later appointed deputy B. L. Vannikov at PSU and then head of KB-11 (Arzamas-16, now Sarov, Nizhny Novgorod region), recalled the preparation rewarding documents: “Once Beria instructed me to prepare a draft decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR on measures to encourage the development of atomic energy issues ... When preparing a project, I had an idea: what would these comrades do with money - you cannot buy anything in them our conditions! I went with this question to Beria. He listened and said: “Write down - let them build at the expense of the state with a full atmosphere. Build cottages or provide apartments, at the request of the recipients. Give them a car. ” In general, what I intended to allow them to buy, all this was now provided at the expense of the state. This project has been approved. ”[24]
In addition to the decrees of the USSR PWC, the chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers I. V. Stalin signed the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR 29 dated 1949 dated 5070-1944ss, in which it was noted that “as a result of the joint efforts of a large team of scientists, designers, engineers builders and workers of the Soviet industry successfully completed the task of a practical solution in the USSR of the problem of the use of atomic energy ”. Especially distinguished Soviet and German scientists and specialists were awarded. Among the list of government awards are orders, Stalin prizes, summer cottages, cars, the lifetime right to free travel on all types of transport within the USSR, free education of children in any educational institutions of the country at the expense of the state, etc. [25]

The German scientist, Dr. Nikolaus Riehl, the head of the laboratory of the plant number 12 and the head of development and implementation of pure metal uranium manufacturing technology was awarded the highest Soviet award “for exceptional services to the state when performing a special task.” [26] He was also awarded the title of laureate Stalin Prize of the first degree, set a double salary for the entire period of work in the USSR. In addition to 350 thousand rubles and the Pobeda car received in 1947, a bonus in the amount of 350 thousand rubles was allocated and, if it so desired, a detached house in Moscow with furnishings.

And what was the contribution to the implementation of the atomic project of its immediate supervisor - Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR L. P. Beria? By a joint Decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) and the Council of Ministers of the USSR, he expressed his gratitude and issued a diploma. In addition, by a separate decree of the PAS of the USSR he was awarded the Order of Lenin and he was awarded the title of laureate of the Stalin Prize of the first degree. [27]

The draft joint decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) and the USSR Council of Ministers was submitted for approval to JV Stalin, who wrote on the document “For” and addressed it to G. M. Malenkov with a resolution: “For consideration of the five”. G. M. Malenkov, V. M. Molotov, L. M. Kaganovich and N. A. Bulganin put their coordinating signatures. L.P. Beria himself was not involved in the discussion of the draft. At least, his surname is not mentioned among the coordinating members of the five. JV Stalin signed the decree as secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU (B.), And the government was signed by the deputy chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers G. M. Malenkov.

In the Decree of the USSR AFP on awarding L. P. Beria, the following wording was written: “For organizing the production of atomic energy and successfully completing the testing of atomic weapons.” [28] The decree was printed in triplicate. One copy was kept in the Central Committee of the CPSU (b), one in the PAS of the USSR, and one copy was sent personally to L. P. Beria. [29]

For some reason, L. P. Beria was not presented with the title of Hero of Socialist Labor for the second time? Who else but he was worthy of it. For whatever reason, he was awarded a separate decree of the PAS of the USSR from 29 of October 1949, in which, apart from his name, there was no one? After all, all decrees were not subject to publication anyway, and the laureates were only introduced to them in the part concerning them.

This suggests another question: did the contributions of B. L. Vannikov, B. G. Muzrukov, and N. L. Dukhova to the atomic project be more than L. P. Beria? Are they more worthy of rewarding, and their merits are more significant than L. P. Beria?

By the time L. P. Beria was awarded, 30 was issued on September 11 by the Decree of the PPSA of the USSR on 1943. He was awarded such a title "for special merits in strengthening the production of weapons and ammunition in difficult wartime conditions".

It is possible to assume such a version as the modesty of the nuclear project manager. In defense of this version says the fact that, after assigning L. P. Beria military rank Marshal, in official documents, his name in conjunction with this title is almost never mentioned. Then why didn't JV Stalin insist or not offer to re-introduce his deputy to the title of Hero of Socialist Labor? While this riddle remains unsolved.

In the Soviet Union and modern Russia, this kind of practice has taken shape: the work manager, who was charged with the entire burden of responsibility for the fulfillment of important state tasks and projects, was awarded the highest and most valuable award after their successful implementation. The encouragement of the other participants who made the greatest contribution to the fulfillment of the tasks set was based on the downward significance of the award, the size of the premiums and the number of privileges. What, then, prevented adequately assessing the work of L. P. Beria?

Of course, the assessment of L. P. Beria’s contribution to the implementation of the USSR’s atomic project can be extremely subjective, since the state has not yet been rehabilitated, but to refute the official negative information about its activities that was circulated on the initiative of N. S. Khrushchev and his inner circle is very difficult without analyzing the originals of archival documents.

In March, 1949 - July 1951. There was a significant strengthening of the position of L. P. Beria in the country's leadership. After the 1952, held in October of the 19th CPSU Congress, L.P. Beria was included in the Bureau of the Presidium of the CPSU Central Committee.

5 March 1953 G. IV. Stalin died. On the same day, a joint meeting of the Plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU, the USSR Council of Ministers and the PAS of the USSR was held, at which appointments to the highest posts of the party and government of the USSR were approved. L.P. Beria was appointed First Deputy Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers and Minister of Internal Affairs of the USSR The created ministry united former ministries of internal affairs and state security.
Along with N. S. Khrushchev and G. M. Malenkov, L. P. Beria became one of the real contenders for leadership in the country. A week after the death of I. V. Stalin and by June 1953, Mr. L.P. Beria sent several proposals to the Council of Ministers of the USSR and the Central Committee of the CPSU, initiated a number of legislative and political initiatives that directly or indirectly denounce the repression of 1930-1950- x years Many of his proposals were implemented in the relevant legal acts.

The overthrow of L.P. Beria was prepared long before his arrest. The author makes this assumption, based on the analysis of events that occurred on the day of the arrest and liquidation of L. P. Beria - June 26 1953. Otherwise, how can the IC be abolished and the signing of the Decree of the USSR AFP " this day? The very next day, June 27 1953, the Presidium of the CPSU Central Committee considered the appointment of the minister and his deputies.

The group of conspirators did everything possible to abolish the omnipotent body, which was headed by L. P. Beria, to erase from memory all the good that was done by him. He was immediately declared the enemy of the people, the fiend of hell, the culprit of the notorious mass repressions. Across the country, misinformation about a bloody hangman and a sex maniac is common. In detail, the version of the elimination of L. P. Beria in his mansion in the center of Moscow was described by Elena Prudnikova, and this version is the most likely. [30]

2 July 1953 was urgently convened by the Plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU. The first question on the agenda: "On criminal, anti-Party and anti-state actions of Beria." The speaker on this issue was the member of the IC G. Malenkov. After the plenum, party meetings were organized in all party organizations and labor collectives. The experience of holding such meetings in the country has been accumulated extensively, and the unanimity of the participants is explained by the predictable consequences of the manifestation of any dissent.

In the eyes of the people, it took a little time to demonize the image of L. P. Beria. How much is it necessary to refute all these lies? Our compatriot is too trusting. The primary information for him is decisive, despite the fact that it may be slander. But it remains unclear reluctance to change this distorted information at the state level, even after declassifying a number of important archival documents. If the state does not do this, then the duty of its active citizens, to whom the author of this publication also refers, is to help compatriots to sort out the intricacies of political intrigues that have been, are and always will be.

The book “Heroes of the Atomic Project” was published in 2005, which published biographies of prominent Soviet citizens who made a significant contribution to the creation of national nuclear weapons, and who were awarded the titles “Hero of the Soviet Union”, “Hero of Socialist Labor”, “Hero Of Russia. " L.P. Beria is not among them. Is it fair? Perhaps it is time to pay L.P. Beria for his services to the country, which, unfortunately, is no longer there? Maybe the time has come to declassify all the secrets of the Kremlin coup, which took place on 26 on June 1953, and to disclose all materials related to the personality of L. P. Beria? After all, history books have been compiled on distorted historical facts, according to which more and more new generations of Russians are taught. Who benefits from hiding from their people the truth about the violent seizure of power in a country that is no longer on the world map for more than 20 years? What new history textbook are we prepared for by education officials?

In just five years L.P. Beria was able to organize the work of key industries of the whole state and achieve the necessary result. The country has strengthened its security and maintained independence. And what would the modern world be like if the USA remained the monopoly possessor of nuclear weapons? Would it be on a modern world map such a state as Russia if the United States carried out a plan for the nuclear bombing of the largest cities of the USSR? History, as they say, does not tolerate the subjunctive mood.

The creation of Soviet nuclear weapons today ensures reliable peace on planet Earth. Hundreds of thousands of Soviet people were engaged in the Soviet atomic project, and on top of this whole “pyramid” was L. P. Beria, the main character of the atomic project.

[1] Historical and revolutionary calendar. M .: OGIZ State socio-economic publishing house, 1940. 185-187.
[2] GKO (GKO) - such an abbreviation of the State Defense Committee was recorded in the texts of resolutions.
[3] Atomic project of the USSR. Documents and materials. T.I. 1938-1945. CH 1. M., 1998. C. 244-245, 271-272.
[4] Atomic project of the USSR. Documents and materials. T. II. Atomic bomb. 1945-1954. Prince 1. Moscow-Sarov, 1999. C. 269 — 271.
[5] Ibid. S. 269.
[6] Atomic project of the USSR. Documents and materials. T. II. Atomic bomb. 1945-1954. Prince 6. Moscow-Sarov, 2006. C. 31.
[7] Ibid. S. 31-32.
[8] Atomic project of the USSR. Documents and materials. T.I. 1938-1945. CH 2. M., 2002. C. 169-175, T. 2, Book. 6. C. 127.
[9] Atomic project of the USSR. Documents and materials. T.I. 1938-1945. CH 2. M., 2002. C. 180-185.
[10] NII-9 is now the All-Russian Research Institute of Inorganic Materials named after A.A. Bochvara.
[11] Atomic project of the USSR. Documents and materials. T.I. 1938-1945. CH 2. M., 2002. C. 169-175, T. 2, Book. 6. C. 36.
[12] Petorsyants Andranik Melkonovich, 1947-1953 deputy head of the PGU at the USSR Council of Ministers for equipment and supplies.
[13] Litvinov B.V. Atomic energy is not only for military purposes. Ekaterinburg, 2004. C. 24.
[14] NKGB People's Commissariat of State Security.
[15] The Red Army Intelligence Agency.
[16] Atomic project of the USSR. Documents and materials. T. II. Atomic bomb. 1945-1954. Prince 1. Moscow-Sarov, 1999. C. 11-1.
[17] Myths and reality of the Soviet atomic project. Yu. B. Khariton, Yu. N. Smirnov, Arzamas-16, 1994. C. 40-43.
[18] Atomic project of the USSR. Documents and materials. T. II. Atomic bomb. 1945-1954. Prince 1. Moscow-Sarov, 1999. C. 633-634.
[19] Ibid., C. 638.
[20] Ibid., C. 639- 643.
[21] Ibid., C. 646- 658.
[22] Atomic project of the USSR. Documents and materials. T. II. Atomic bomb. 1945-1954. Prince 6. Moscow-Sarov, 2006. C. 690.
[23] Atomic project of the USSR. Documents and materials. T. II. Atomic bomb. 1945-1954. Prince 1. Moscow-Sarov, 1999. C. 565- 605.
[24] Ibid. S. 46.
[25] Ibid. S. 530-562.
[26] Ibid. C. 564, C. 578, 582, 599. In the Decree text in the list under the number 23, Nikolaus Ril was named as Nikolai Vasilievich.
[27] Atomic project of the USSR. Documents and materials. T. II. Atomic bomb. 1945-1954. Prince 4. Moscow-Sarov, 2003. C. 342.
[28] Atomic project of the USSR. Documents and materials. T. II. Atomic bomb. 1945-1954. Prince 6. Moscow-Sarov, 2006. C. 691.
[29] Atomic project of the USSR. Documents and materials. T. II. Atomic bomb. 1945-1954. Prince 4. Moscow-Sarov, 2003. C. 745.
[30] Prudnikova E. Pravda about L. Beria. breaking dogmas and stereotypes. 25.09.2012 G. http://atnews.org/news/pravda_pro_beriju_lomaja_dogmy_i_stereotipy/2013-06-28-8885
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  1. itr
    itr 15 March 2015 06: 54
    .
    Interesting title. I still think that Kurchatov is the main character! Managers are cool without techies nothing to manage
    1. saag
      saag 15 March 2015 07: 01
      .
      Quote: itr
      I still think that Kurchatov is the main character!

      That's right, as well as Kapitsa, Flerov, Klaus Fuchs and others, and not the man whose person was leaning against the wall, you can get to advertising Yezhov and Yagoda
      1. Ivan Tarasov
        Ivan Tarasov 15 March 2015 07: 16
        +48
        and not the man who leaned against the wall

        They didn’t lean against the wall, but vilely shot in the apartment, without trial.
        Shot by those whose henchmen then destroyed the USSR.
        1. itr
          itr 15 March 2015 07: 30
          .
          Ivan Tarasov! Of course, you’re sorry, but who shot Beria did not have anything to do with the collapse of the USSR since this event took place fifty years ago before the collapse of the USSR
          1. Boris55
            Boris55 15 March 2015 08: 09
            +54
            Quote: itr
            Ivan Tarasov! Of course, you’re sorry, but who shot Beria did not have anything to do with the collapse of the USSR since this event took place fifty years ago before the collapse of the USSR

            The collapse of the USSR began after the assassination of Stalin and Beria by a gang of unbeaten Trotskyists led by Khrushchev. With his moronic slogan "Let's catch up and overtake America." Humpbacked with Yeltsin hammered the last nail into the coffin of the USSR.

            If Beria survived, he would continue Stalin’s work to build the world's first state of workers and peasants, in which power belongs to the majority of the people, and not to small perverts of all stripes.
            1. avvg
              avvg 15 March 2015 08: 40
              +36
              100% - I agree, not only the collapse of the USSR and the falsification of history, the role of the Supreme Commander I.V. Stalin in the Great Patriotic War began with Khrushchev.
              1. Sergey Vl.
                Sergey Vl. 15 March 2015 20: 59
                +10
                Khrushchev, by the way, finally reoriented the USSR into a consumer society and wrote his own version of the state. stories, where he was white and fluffy, perverting the role of Stalin, Beria in the fate of the country - the founder of the "Ukrainian mafia" was strong in undercover games!
            2. The comment was deleted.
            3. muginov2015
              muginov2015 15 March 2015 09: 19
              +7
              ... Khrushchev. With his moronic slogan "Catch up and overtake America" ​​....


              Uv. Boris55, for your information, Khrush has nothing to do with this slogan, the DIP slogan was born during the first five-year plans, there were even lathes with this name, and why actually they were sharpening details on such an old man in the 85th. And if not for this, as you disrespectfully expressed the "moronic" slogan of the Stalinist five-year plans, I doubt that we would have won the Second World War.
              1. Boris55
                Boris55 15 March 2015 10: 05
                +4
                Quote: muginov2015
                SW Boris55, for your information Khrush has nothing to do with this slogan ...

                Maybe. But it was he who proclaimed this slogan as the goal of the USSR.

                N.S. Khrushchev: You are now ahead of us.
                Translator: For the moment, you are ahead of us.

                N.S. Khrushchev: We still need to work hard and sweat to catch up with you.
                Translator: We still have a lot of work to do to catch up with you.

                N.S. Khrushchev: Let’s rest!
                Translator: We'll do that. We'll do our best.

                N.S. Khrushchev: Let's catch up!
                Translator: We'll catch up.

                N.S. Khrushchev: Overtake!
                Translator: We'll surpass you.

                N.S. Khrushchev: And let's go ahead.
                Translator: And we'll go forward.

                N.S. Khrushchev: This is my belief.
                Translator: That's my conviction.

                N.S. Khrushchev: You can laugh at this! But you will laugh when we, you know, overtake you and say, "Lord capitalists! Goodbye. Our train is coming here. Please follow us!" (audience laughter)
                Translator: You may perhaps laugh now. But when we overtake you, we'll wave our hands and say "Capitalists! Good bye. Our train is going ahead. Catch up if you can!"

                http://sovmusic.ru/text.php?fname=khrushev
                1. semirek
                  semirek 15 March 2015 10: 52
                  +13
                  The fact that Khrushchev made many mistakes and harm to the country is obvious.
                  1. Nrsimha42
                    Nrsimha42 15 March 2015 22: 21
                    +1
                    Not "mistakes", but deliberate sabotage!
                    1. MrK
                      MrK 9 July 2017 12: 39
                      0
                      I agree.
                      Dmitry Ustinov, Minister of Defense of the USSR, already in the last year of his life, when it was a question of Khrushchev at a meeting of the Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee on the rehabilitation of V.M. Molotova, G.M. Malenkova, L.M. Kaganovich, said this: “NO ENEMY HAS BROUGHT SO MUCH ADVERSE, HOW MUCH HAS BROUGHT US KHRUSHCHEV WITH ITS POLICY REGARDING OUR PAST PARTY AND STATE, AS WELL AS ABOUT STALIN."
                      And further. Recently I read the report of Polyansky at the October plenum of the Central Committee, where Khrushchev was removed. Read. It is very interesting.
                      Report by D.S. Polyansky, October 1964
                      http://kramtp.info/news/64/full/id=32307;
                2. muginov2015
                  muginov2015 15 March 2015 10: 58
                  0
                  In Boris55 ... maybe. But it was he who proclaimed this slogan as the goal of the USSR ...

                  THOSE. continued the prudent policy of his predecessor. He was not employed in plagiarists.
                3. The comment was deleted.
                4. Boris55
                  Boris55 15 March 2015 11: 01
                  +3
                  Quote: muginov2015
                  You disrespectfully expressed the "moronic" slogan

                  Why moronic?
                  Yes, because two different systems with opposite goals (there for the benefit of the bourgeoisie, and for the benefit of the people in our country) cannot compete in principle. Having proclaimed, not inventing it, but proclaiming this slogan as the meaning of the USSR’s further activity, Khrushchev doomed the country to the coup of the 93 year. His dream came true - now we are in equal categories ...
                  1. Aleksey_K
                    Aleksey_K 15 March 2015 13: 24
                    -1
                    Quote: Boris55
                    His dream came true - now we are in equal categories ...

                    You do not confuse the meaning of phrases. So you can put everything upside down. Example: Two athletes, a European fagot and a Russian, are running. Everyone screams to our catch up and overtake! This, in your opinion, was offered to our athlete by a fagot to become? And to overtake - probably with two men to fuck at the same time?
                    1. Aqela
                      Aqela 15 March 2015 21: 13
                      0
                      In principle, in my opinion, you are reasoning correctly, but in many cases the comparison of the results of such a competition was carried out according to the principle that you tried to ridicule. And now comparison is often carried out in the same way. I think that the book Why Russia Is Not America provides a good analysis of the current situation.
              2. Vadim2013
                Vadim2013 15 March 2015 11: 15
                +1
                They also said: "Let's catch up, overtake and everyone will see our naked ass."
                1. Aleksey_K
                  Aleksey_K 15 March 2015 13: 28
                  +2
                  Quote: Vadim2013
                  They also said: "Let's catch up, overtake and everyone will see our naked ass."

                  Do not lie, at that time I was quite understanding, no one said that. Maybe then you were in the ageless age, then it was said about you like that.
                  1. Skobelev
                    Skobelev 16 March 2015 05: 34
                    -1
                    I listened to this more than once. In the USSR there was a low quality of manufactured consumer goods. Only central cities were well supplied.
                    1. salem
                      salem 8 December 2015 18: 35
                      0
                      I lived in the Kuzbass during Soviet times, I ate better than my son eats now. Although my father was a simple miner. The Soviet refrigerator, which was not successful, was full, there was not enough space. The products were stored on the doorstep in a private house.
              3. Aleksey_K
                Aleksey_K 15 March 2015 13: 16
                +9
                Quote: muginov2015
                SW Boris55, for your information Khrush has nothing to do with this slogan,

                You are wrong. It was Khrushchev (letter by letter) who said this phrase "we will catch up and overtake America." Before Khrushchev, they said "we will catch up and surpass the developed countries." I myself, personally, remember.
            4. Yars
              Yars 15 March 2015 11: 20
              +5
              fully agree with you Boris55, it was Stalin who directed the USSR in the right direction!
            5. clidon
              clidon 15 March 2015 11: 28
              +2
              It’s funny ... The first brilliant manager-leader in the world, the father of everything and everything, knew everything, knew everything, the enemies of the people with him with half a million to a million others were shot, rotted, the second super-manager, special services, at the head of the world's best special services, all-out in everything and overwhelming. And neither one nor the other could see the hefty "Trotskyist gang" under their very noses.
              It's funny that the most obvious reasons are swept away right away, and a delicious, fabulous pulp is chosen. )
              1. Aleksey_K
                Aleksey_K 15 March 2015 13: 34
                0
                Quote: clidon
                It’s funny ... The first brilliant manager-leader in the world, the father of everything and everything, knew everything, knew everything, the enemies of the people with him with half a million to a million others were shot, rotted, the second super-manager, special services, at the head of the world's best special services, all-out in everything and overwhelming. And neither one nor the other could see the hefty "Trotskyist gang" under their very noses.
                It's funny that the most obvious reasons are swept away right away, and a delicious, fabulous pulp is chosen. )

                Yes, Stalin turned out to be too soft. It was necessary to shoot all enemies and their families so that enemy mothers would not tell their children lies about Stalin. Look what a powerful "capitalist column" is now. These are all enemies robbing the people. They will never want the people to live better. They all need to be shot, not re-educated.
                1. Bayonet
                  Bayonet 15 March 2015 17: 28
                  -5
                  Quote: Алексей_К
                  They all need to be shot, not re-educated.

                  Well, with people like you, you need to start so that the water is not muddied !!!
                  1. Aleksey_K
                    Aleksey_K 15 March 2015 17: 45
                    0
                    Yes, you are a liberal, hiding under the Soviet marshal epaulettes. Here he is a wolf who is ready to destroy all Russians. Your essence has been revealed. How long have you been serving the CIA?
                    1. Bayonet
                      Bayonet 15 March 2015 19: 12
                      +3
                      Quote: Алексей_К
                      Yes, you are a liberal, hiding under the Soviet marshal epaulettes. AT

                      I do not care about your shortcuts! You are not capable of anything else, will die out over time as mammoths and cease to call us the country of fools!
                      1. Aleksey_K
                        Aleksey_K 15 March 2015 22: 27
                        +2
                        It’s immediately obvious that you are an enemy of Russia!
                      2. Bayonet
                        Bayonet 16 March 2015 08: 39
                        -2
                        Quote: Алексей_К

                        Alexey_K (6) Yesterday, 22:27 p.m. ↑
                        It’s immediately obvious that you are an enemy of Russia!

                        And for me, it’s you and you like the main enemies of Russia and its people! All would you put in camps and shoot! In a word - ENEMIES!
                  2. Bayonet
                    Bayonet 15 March 2015 19: 41
                    +1
                    Quote: Алексей_К
                    Here he is a wolf who is ready to destroy all Russians. Your essence has been revealed. How long have you been serving the CIA?

                    Yes, I’m a terrible gray wolf, I don’t eat normal Russian people (I don’t eat abnormal people either, I disdain. So you are not in danger!), I was recruited to the CIA by a kindergarten teacher in 1956 - here the formidable look of the Chekist did not disappoint!
                    1. Aleksey_K
                      Aleksey_K 15 March 2015 22: 28
                      +1
                      Quote: Bayonet
                      in the CIA was recruited by a kindergarten teacher in the 1956 year - here the formidable look of the Chekist did not disappoint!

                      How much have you spoiled with 1956? How many children have ruined their lives.
                    2. Bayonet
                      Bayonet 16 March 2015 08: 41
                      +2
                      Quote: Алексей_К
                      How much have you spoiled since 1956

                      I started to crap in 1953, but how much - in pounds or tons? And I don’t eat children, I help them.
            6. Nrsimha42
              Nrsimha42 15 March 2015 22: 31
              0
              Precisely - too humane. If he showed more determination, our story could go in a completely different scenario.

              And Khryusha with his henchmen poured a bucket of mud on the bright images of Stalin and Beria, and our liberalists picked it up during the perestroika period. And in the dashing 90s, they generally created real monsters from Stalin and Beria.

              Unfortunately, this is the tactic of the Jewish-Masonic circles - to turn everything upside down, make black from white - and vice versa ...

              The time has come to close this whole liberalistic shop, and this should be done - with the help of public patriotic organizations - such as "Atnimaydan" ...
            7. clidon
              clidon 16 March 2015 16: 08
              +1
              Perhaps if Stalin were tougher than you and the world did not freak out. Would fall into the millstones of history.
          2. Aqela
            Aqela 15 March 2015 21: 21
            +6
            Well, there was nothing special in Stalin's activities, in fact, neither for those times, nor for ours. For example, they talk a lot about "Gladomor", but they shyly ignore the millions who died of hunger in the "citadel of democracy" - the United States. There are a lot of chatter about the eviction of the Kalmyks, but something sluggishly mentions the fact that almost all US citizens of Japanese origin during the Second World War were in concentration camps, where they were quickly and unceremoniously sent immediately after the incident in Pearl Harbor. They vividly discuss the collectivization of peasant farms, but are silent about the massive confiscation of gold from US citizens during the "Great Depression" at the suggestion of Franklin Roosevelt, and the creation of labor camps under him, which were not too different from the construction of the Blomor Canal ... Such examples - railway carriage.
            So please do not smack liberalistic nonsense, it already screams very loudly!
        2. CALL.
          CALL. 15 March 2015 13: 45
          +4
          Quote: Boris55
          Quote: itr
          Ivan Tarasov! Of course, you’re sorry, but who shot Beria did not have anything to do with the collapse of the USSR since this event took place fifty years ago before the collapse of the USSR

          The collapse of the USSR began after the assassination of Stalin and Beria by a gang of unbeaten Trotskyists led by Khrushchev. With his moronic slogan "Let's catch up and overtake America." Humpbacked with Yeltsin hammered the last nail into the coffin of the USSR.
          If Beria survived, he would continue Stalin’s work to build the world's first state of workers and peasants, in which power belongs to the majority of the people, and not to small perverts of all stripes.

          I want to stand up for Lavrenty Pavlovich Beria. I am now in the PRC, I tried to insert a video now, I do not get it. I give the name in YOUTUBE, Through YANDEX you will find - "Beria's return", both parts. My attitude towards Beria changed after reading "Why Stalin was killed" by Y. Mukhin. I understand this is not new, but whoever is unfamiliar will get a lot of interesting material.
      2. Aleksey_K
        Aleksey_K 15 March 2015 14: 54
        +2
        Quote: itr
        Ivan Tarasov! Of course, you’re sorry, but who shot Beria did not have anything to do with the collapse of the USSR since this event took place fifty years ago before the collapse of the USSR

        Khrushchev, Brezhnev are all Ukrainians. They did their best to make a mess and bring the destruction of the USSR closer. And how many more Ukrainians were of a lower level. Ukrainian nationalism in their dark souls did everything for this. And Gorbachev, in general, comes from a family of repressed people. He apparently hated socialism and Russia from childhood. So what happened "50 years ago" had its roots in Ukraine. The violent change of power (the murder of Stalin and Beria), the current illegal armed overthrow of the Ukrainian leadership and the coming to power of the fascists - these are all Ukraine and fraternal Ukrainians. Many will think that this is my nationalism. But these are facts - the leaders of the USSR - the Ukrainians led to the collapse of the USSR. Why should I, if Ukrainians hate us and crap, keep silent about this? And here is nationalism when they destroyed a great and just country.
    2. saag
      saag 15 March 2015 07: 33
      .
      Quote: Ivan Tarasov
      and meanly shot in the apartment, without trial.

      "... Arrest and Sentence [edit | edit wiki text]

      Circular of the head of the 2nd Main Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR K. Omelchenko on the seizure of portraits of L. P. Beria. July 27, 1953
      Having secured the support of the majority of the Central Committee members and senior military men, Khrushchev convened a meeting of the Council of Ministers of the USSR on June 26, 1953, where he raised the question of Beria's compliance with his post and his removal from all posts. Among others, Khrushchev voiced accusations of revisionism, an anti-socialist approach to the aggravated situation in the GDR [72] and espionage in favor of Great Britain in the 20s. Beria tried to prove that if he was appointed by the plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU, then only the plenum can remove it, but on a special signal a group of generals headed by Marshal Zhukov entered the room and arrested Beria.

      Beria was accused of espionage in favor of Great Britain and other countries, of striving for the liquidation of the Soviet worker-peasant system, of restoring capitalism and restoring the rule of the bourgeoisie, as well as of moral corruption, abuse of power, falsification of thousands of criminal cases against his colleagues in Georgia and Transcaucasia and in the organization of illegal repressions (this Beria, according to the prosecution, also committed acting for selfish and enemy purposes).

      At the July plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU, almost all members of the Central Committee made statements on the wrecking activity of L. Beria. On July 7, by a resolution of the plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU, Beria was relieved of his duties as a member of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPSU and removed from the Central Committee of the CPSU [12]. On July 27, 1953, the secret circular of the 2nd Main Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR was issued, which ordered the widespread seizure of any artistic images of L.P. Beria.

      Interrogation protocols of 3 [73] and October 19, 1953 [74].

      Together with him, he was accused of his closest associates from the state security organs, immediately after the arrest and later called the “Beria gang” in the media:

      Merkulov V. N. - Minister of State Control of the USSR
      Kobulov B.Z. - First Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs of the USSR
      Goglidze S. A. - Head of the 3rd Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR
      Meshik P.Ya. - Minister of Internal Affairs of the Ukrainian SSR
      V. Dekanozov - Minister of the Interior of the Georgian SSR
      Vlodzimirsky L.E. - Head of the Investigation Unit for Particularly Important Cases of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs
      On December 23, 1953, the case of Beria was examined by the Special Judicial Presence of the Supreme Court of the USSR, chaired by Marshal I. S. Konev.
      The version that Beria was killed on the orders of Khrushchev, Malenkov and Bulganin on June 26, 1953 by a capture group directly during the arrest in his mansion on Malaya Nikitskaya Street, is presented in a documentary investigative film by journalist Sergei Medvedev, first shown on Channel One on June 4 2014 [78]. "
      1. Gamdlislyam
        Gamdlislyam 15 March 2015 08: 24
        +23
        Quote: saag
        "... Arrest and Sentence [edit | edit wiki text]

        ................
        Dear colleague, saag, as if they were not demonizing the time of Stalin’s rule, arrests (if you like, repressions) were made on the basis of the laws that existed at that time (whether someone wants it or not). It was Beria L.P., with the advent of the NKVD, that he began to firmly establish order in the headed department. And the greater number of the NKVD workers brought to trial from the time was precisely at the time when Beria L.P. Someone was fired, and someone was prosecuted for The court.
        Khrushchev and the company (Malenkova and Bulganina), as well as a group (small) of generals, terribly offended by Beria L.P. and carried out the destruction operation. Even in the memoirs of Khrushchev N.S. (Koi appeared in a print over a hillock about half a century ago) it is clearly visible that the arrest described was in violation of the then legislation. It was a classic coup, thanks to which Khrushev N.S. came to power in the country and began to destroy it.
        Well, and lastly, Doctor of Historical Sciences Zhukov Yu.N., chief researcher at the Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, has been working in the archives for many years, studying the Soviet period (during the reign of Stalin and Khrushchev). So he writes in his writings that the most bloody and inhuman were Eikhe Robert Indrikovich (ruled in Siberia), Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev (Ukraine, Moscow) and Pavel Petrovich Postyshev (Ukraine, the Volga region). Eikhe and Postyshev were arrested and shot in 1939 for their "exploits". Khrushchev managed to avoid this fate. However, having seized power, he was one of the first to rehabilitate his associates (Eikhe and Postysheva). They are now innocent victims.

        Quote: saag
        The version that Beria was killed on the orders of Khrushchev, Malenkov and Bulganin on June 26, 1953 by a capture group directly during the arrest in his mansion on Malaya Nikitskaya Street, is presented in a documentary investigation of the journalist Sergei Medvedev, first shown on Channel One on June 4 2014 year

        I heard this version when I was young (70s). Then it was voiced already in the book of Beria's son Sergo in the early 90s. Well, over the past decade and a half, more and more works have begun to appear, where the version you cited is refuted (the Khrushchev version).
        1. saag
          saag 15 March 2015 08: 34
          .
          Quote: Gamdlislyam
          and someone was prosecuted in the Court.

          Well, if the court is considered a special meeting

          Quote: Gamdlislyam
          It was Beria L.P., with the advent of the NKVD, that he began to firmly establish order in the headed department.

          This is ridiculous, who put Yezhov in his position and authorized everything that then happened? The same one who later put Beria, an excellent move, blame everything on the predecessor, as if the predecessor was to blame for everything, and they did exactly the same with Beria, they were all tied from the same team and did one of they are white and fluffy at least naive or is it such a propaganda work, to whom it is only profitable so far unclear.
          1. saber
            saber 15 March 2015 09: 24
            +5
            Are you a psychic? see through people? before putting them to the position? on TNT you have a direct road!
          2. bombardir
            bombardir 15 March 2015 15: 46
            -2
            Quote: saag
            who put Yezhov to his post and authorized everything that then happened? The one who then put Beria
            Kalinin and Molotov - with the approval of the CEC and SNK at the proposal of Zhdanov and Stalin)))
      2. Boris55
        Boris55 15 March 2015 09: 54
        +2
        Quote: saag
        ... At the July plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU, almost all members of the Central Committee made statements on the wrecking activity of L. Beria. On July 7, by a resolution of the plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU, Beria was relieved of his duties as a member of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPSU and removed from the Central Committee of the CPSU [12]. On July 27 of 1953 of the year, the secret circular of the 2th Main Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR was issued, which ordered the widespread seizure of any artistic images of L.P. Beria ...

        An excerpt from the speech of V.M. Zaznobin (2013.12.21) "How to get rid of the sad legacy of Atlantis"

      3. fktrcfylhn61
        fktrcfylhn61 15 March 2015 11: 11
        -2
        As far as we know, Beria was shot without trial, the sentence was executed by Zhukov himself !!! The era of liberals has begun!
        1. Nrsimha42
          Nrsimha42 15 March 2015 22: 42
          -1
          Georgy Sidorov, in his books, writes that Stalin was poisoned, and Beria was killed at the airport, as a result of a shootout. Lavrenty Pavlovich died with weapons in his hands. And the liberals, about him, began to spread all sorts of vile rumors ...
      4. Nrsimha42
        Nrsimha42 15 March 2015 22: 37
        0
        Khrushevskaya fake - rough work ...
      5. MrK
        MrK 9 July 2017 12: 56
        0
        Quote: saag
        The version that Beria was killed on the orders of Khrushchev, Malenkov and Bulganin on 26 on June 1953 by a capture group directly during the arrest in his mansion on Malaya Nikitskaya Street

        I agree with her. Otherwise, why shoot the windows of the building from a heavy machine gun. And this fact is confirmed by three, including Vannikov.
        But from the book of Yu. Mukhin:
        “I called the last surviving member of the then Central Committee, N. K. Baibakov
        During a conversation on technical issues, I asked him if he remembers the July 1953 of the Plenum of the Central Committee. When Nikolai Konstantinovich remembered him (he was 90 years old), I suddenly asked him a question: “Did you know at the Plenum that Beria was already killed?”. He quickly replied: “No, I did not know anything then, but then, after a hitch, he said:“ But the fact is that he was killed. ”
    3. Alekseev
      Alekseev 15 March 2015 08: 17
      -6
      Quote: Ivan Tarasov
      at the apartment, without trial.

      Guardhouse - his quartic!
      "And the old wicked died as he lived" yes
      With all this, Beria is not unambiguous, like all that difficult, heroic and tragic time. Yes, he did a lot to support the work of the "atomic project".
      Of course, he was not an idiot and a pest, just as he was “Stalin's right hand,” as the article presumptuously points out. Stalin did not have such "hands" at all. He himself always made decisions and cut off too long "arms", making sure that none of his comrades-in-arms took too influential a position.
      1. Alekseev
        Alekseev 15 March 2015 17: 00
        -3
        How do the sufferers worry about the "defamed" L.P. Beria!
        He himself, like very many "chicks of Joseph's nest" hell for whom worriedalthough he knew how to work and for the success of the atomic project he did a lot.
        But, of course, he is not alone ...
        I wonder how to explain the fact that it was enough for Khrushchev to enlist the support of the military in the liquidation of the "omnipotent" curator of the NKVD and the Internal Troops?
        Something there was no trust in this person, neither among G.K.Zhukov, nor from other military leaders who knew about Beria’s personality more than you and the current uninvited rehabilitators. And they condemned in his case a whole series of his associates. All very worthy people ... Worthy ships. although not unambiguous, as Comrade Abakumov, for example.
        Yes, after the arrest of Yezhov, more than 300 thousand were released, but more than 200 thousand were planted.
        And it was Beria, as the chief of foreign intelligence, who sang to Stalin songs that there was a complete disinformation from agents before the German attack on the USSR.
        And he coped with the execution of captured Polish officers no worse than with the supervision of the atomic project ...
        In general, L.P. Beria, the former marshal, as he is.
        Our justice never rehabilitates him. And there is a reason. yes
        1. Aleksey_K
          Aleksey_K 15 March 2015 22: 37
          0
          Quote: Alekseev
          How do the sufferers worry about the "defamed" L.P. Beria!

          But our justice must condemn the actions of Khrushchev on the unconstitutional liquidation of Stalin and Beria. By the way, having used Zhukov, "blunt in politics," Khrushchev removed him from all posts and sent him into exile in Sverdlovsk, retired. So he dealt with a witness to a coup d'etat and self-seizure of power.
    4. semirek
      semirek 15 March 2015 10: 49
      -3
      This is not true - the trial of Beria lasted six months and the verdict announced the Special Judicial Presence, the sentence was carried out by military officers.
      1. Boris55
        Boris55 15 March 2015 11: 13
        +3
        Quote: semirek
        This is not true - the trial of Beria lasted six months and the verdict announced the Special Judicial Presence, the sentence was carried out by military officers.

        Such a process and not a single documentary ... Is it strange?
      2. vladstro
        vladstro 15 March 2015 12: 05
        +4
        What are you arguing about, read the book by Sergo Beria- "My father Lavrenty Beria", I read and for some reason believe the author, we can say that the father's son is covering, but also to say that in the basement of the mansion where the Beria family lived, thousands of girls and women were tortured Khrushchev started with a personality cult, this is already a betrayal, read the history of the Second World War published under him, about Stalin a couple of lines, but Nikita planned all the most important operations. The history cannot be returned back, Stalin did not leave a worthy successor, or did not have time, what happened, now the former "allies" boast of their tanks in the baltics.
      3. Aleksey_K
        Aleksey_K 15 March 2015 13: 41
        0
        Quote: semirek
        This is not true - the trial of Beria lasted six months and the verdict announced the Special Judicial Presence, the sentence was carried out by military officers.

        You forgot to add - in the absence of Beria. Because Beria was illegally killed so that he could not tell the whole truth. Stalin was also poisoned, probably, in your opinion, this is Khrushchev's lawful act.
        1. semirek
          semirek 15 March 2015 16: 16
          0
          Quote: Алексей_К
          Quote: semirek
          This is not true - the trial of Beria lasted six months and the verdict announced the Special Judicial Presence, the sentence was carried out by military officers.

          You forgot to add - in the absence of Beria. Because Beria was illegally killed so that he could not tell the whole truth. Stalin was also poisoned, probably, in your opinion, this is Khrushchev's lawful act.

          Dear, judging by your photo, you should remember those times: after Stalin’s death, G. Malenkov was the ruler in the USSR and not Khrushchev. Malenkov’s rule was characterized by a sharp reduction in taxes especially in the countryside. there were abrupt comrades.
          1. Aleksey_K
            Aleksey_K 15 March 2015 17: 49
            +2
            But you forgot that the conspiracy against Stalin and Beria was not led by the mattress Malenkov, but by the Ukrainian nationalist Khrushchev.
            1. semirek
              semirek 15 March 2015 21: 10
              -2
              I think during the life of Stalin there could hardly have been any conspiracies - this is out of the question.
              It is a pity for the Leningrad comrades who perished as a result of intrigues in the Politburo, who could really become good leaders, but we were unfortunately drawn by the Ukrainian vector.
            2. The comment was deleted.
  2. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 15 March 2015 07: 19
    +23
    Quote: saag
    you can get to advertising Yezhov with Yagoda

    Still, do not compare Beria and Yezhov. These are people of completely different levels (even with all the shortcomings of the first). This is practically the same thing as putting an equal sign between Serdyukov and Shoigu only on the basis that one succeeded the other as Minister of Defense ...
    1. saag
      saag 15 March 2015 07: 29
      .
      Quote: Chicot 1
      Still, do not compare Beria and Yezhov. These are people of completely different levels.

      Yes, if you describe how here about Beria, what he (Yezhov) was a guardian and statesman, and how he did not spare his belly he fought with ..., then there will be the same "approvals", the whole point is in the presentation of the material and the unwillingness to perceive him critically
      1. saber
        saber 15 March 2015 09: 25
        +4
        What material did you submit? to consider it critically?
      2. semirek
        semirek 15 March 2015 16: 20
        0
        Strange, but no one here mentioned that Beria was Deputy Commissar Ezhev
  3. Ivan Tarasov
    Ivan Tarasov 15 March 2015 07: 31
    +13
    That's right, as well as Kapitsa, Flerov, Klaus Fuchs and others

    We have a lot of scientists, there are not enough competent managers.
    Who invented the personal computer, CD player, cell phone - our scientists, only competent manager was not found.
    Now we are buying all this abroad ...
    1. itr
      itr 15 March 2015 07: 57
      +2
      Ivan Tarasov! What are you talking about ? How many managers do we have, but what's the point? We can’t build anything, since in 90 everyone studied lawyers and economists
      1. Alekseir162
        Alekseir162 15 March 2015 09: 33
        +3
        How many managers do we have, but what's the point? We can’t build anything because in 90 everything was studied by lawyers and economists

        I agree that these lawyers and economists are like “uncut dogs,” but there’s no sense in them. For what kind of specialists I know firsthand (I have encountered more than once) this may be all the trouble, because it was these pseudo-specialists who did everything possible (and not possible too) to achieve the final industrial potential of the USSR. Well, as for Lavrenty Pavlovich, the figure is ambiguous, as well as the whole time. It is easy to talk about LP Beria now that Russia has nuclear weapons, while being silent about the merits in this matter and in every possible way bulging its “jambs”. I would like to remind everyone of the famous phrase: "He who is without sin, let him first throw a stone at her." Well, something like this.
      2. Aqela
        Aqela 15 March 2015 21: 27
        +1
        I ask you not to confuse the organizers and managers with the hangers-on and bureaucrats.
  4. bya965
    bya965 15 March 2015 08: 33
    +14
    Quote: saag
    as well as Kapitsa, Flerov, Klaus Fuchs

    The creation of the atomic bomb is not only physics. They are also chemists, technologists, designers, etc.
    Therefore, I quote from the book
    "Apostles of the Atomic Age. Memories, Reflections" http://flibusta.net/b/342607/read
    The key characters in the Atomic Project of the USSR are I.V. Kurchatov, A.D. Sakharov, Yu. B. Khariton, Ya. B. Zeldovich, K.I. Shchelkin, N.L.Dukhov.

    Few people know that Dukhov Nikolai Leonidovich (three times Hero of Labor) was a leading designer of the KV-1 heavy tank, and also made a significant contribution to the development of the KV-2 tank. Under his leadership, the heavy tanks KV-1s, KV-85, IS-1, IS-2, IS-3 and IS-4 were developed. Were made and did not go into a series of samples - for example, KV-13.
    https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Духов,_Николай_Леонидович

    But he directed all this motley and huge team of Beria. His merit in creating the atomic bomb is paramount.
    1. saber
      saber 15 March 2015 09: 27
      -5
      It’s worth at least looking at the number of prizes and medals among scientists and Beria himself.
    2. avt
      avt 15 March 2015 10: 26
      +7
      Quote: bya965
      The key characters in the Atomic Project of the USSR are I. V. Kurchatov, A. D. Sakharov, Yu. B. Khariton, Ya. B. Zeldovich, K. I. Shchelkin, N. L. Dukhov.

      There is one more - Sudoplatov, it was he who dragged documents to physicists through agents and practically provided them with correspondence with colleagues, who, in fact, had already exploded a charge in the desert by that time and even two in Japan. By the way, the persecutions on Kapitsa are very indicative. against Beria, who, in general, figuratively speaking, had all the infa about the creation of the bomb in his pocket, that he was not a physicist and did not understand anything, but the bomb had to be made differently, that's how he Kapitsa knows and reported everything to Stalin in writing. on the villain hetman to Tsar Peter from Kochubei, "well, Kapitsa did not know what he was not supposed to know - about the work of department" S. "Well, and how Beria should have treated him, who studied and worked in England, received from the key physicists of the "Manhattan Project" ??? And if you also remember about the German physicist Houtermans, arrested in 1937 as a German spy and released at the request of Bohr, it seems to our scientists, Kapitsa had a hand in pulling out of the NKV clutches D ", and he - Houterman in the captured Kharkov then appeared without hesitation in the SS uniform in the captured institute - he organized the work. Here saag- Would you be a spy in his place or just a saboteur would not include? Especially if his own neck is under an ax and he will drop if he does not fulfill the task of the party and government? Kapitsa was simply put under house arrest in his dacha - sit, be smart, make a bomb on the veranda, and Lavrenty's nerves battered with obvious external surveillance - there is such a form of intimidation - brazenly outside news. Nobody "launders" does not "whitewash" Beria. But from the standpoint of today and the present "humanism of victorious human rights", to condemn the same Beria is STUFF. They lived in those days, built according to the ideology and methods that gave the result. Do you think the method of construction by the DAM Skolkovo could create an atomic bomb in those days ? laughingSo his role in the nuclear and missile projects is enormous, precisely as a manager. Yes . He is an effective manager and for him the end-result was primary, one might say that “the end justifies the means,” harshly, even cruelly, but the goal of the then leaders was not, “a house in Larks with a cow, but with a hog,” and not even in London with the longest yacht in the World, they even had football clubs in Russia-USSR laughing . Well, not the top manager Lavrentiy was for sure.
    3. Aqela
      Aqela 15 March 2015 21: 30
      +1
      There is a book "How to graze cats". It is well noted that this whole flock of talents and clever people must be skillfully managed, otherwise the return will be zero. By the way, note who is in the subject, that the same Pyotr Alekseevich Romanov, had a lot of foreigners and foreigners among the managers, and they worked for the good of Russia not for fear, but for conscience.
  5. fktrcfylhn61
    fktrcfylhn61 15 March 2015 11: 07
    +2
    Russia has not two troubles, as they say, but three! These are similar scribblers who plow any thought like their essence !!! And such individuals as Stalin and Beria are very necessary for Russia, so that there would be no Kasyanovs, Chubaisovs, the like and their thieves' policy in relation to normal Russians !!! Hope that normal is no need to explain?
  6. Bayonet
    Bayonet 15 March 2015 12: 25
    -7
    Quote: saag
    That's right, as well as Kapitsa, Flerov, Klaus Fuchs and others, and not the man whose person was leaning against the wall, you can get to advertising Yezhov and Yagoda

    That's right !!! I fully support it, and who instructed you as cons - these are not people - ZOMBIES !!!
    1. Aleksey_K
      Aleksey_K 15 March 2015 13: 54
      +1
      Quote: Bayonet
      That's right !!! I fully support it, and who instructed you as cons - these are not people - ZOMBIES !!!

      Who, as he calls names, is himself called so. Do not call people, because there are rules of communication on the site.
      1. Bayonet
        Bayonet 15 March 2015 15: 55
        -1
        Quote: Алексей_К
        Who, as he calls names, is himself called so.

        Kindergarten folklore. No wonder ...
  7. dmi.pris
    dmi.pris 15 March 2015 14: 05
    -1
    There were hundreds of thousands of heroes, starting from L.P. Beria-he led the project, dozens of general designers-Kurchatov, Flerov, Kapitsa, Khariton, to cleaners in design bureaus and factories ..
    Quote: saag
    Quote: itr
    I still think that Kurchatov is the main character!

    That's right, as well as Kapitsa, Flerov, Klaus Fuchs and others, and not the man whose person was leaning against the wall, you can get to advertising Yezhov and Yagoda
  • Skif83
    Skif83 15 March 2015 08: 15
    +14
    Well, now there are enough clever heads (for now!), But why are we slipping?
    Kurchatov is a performer.
    By the way, read the documentary on how Sakharov got into the "atomic" project, who then spat, for which he deservedly, in the Stalin era. Thanks Beria!
    So without managers (not to be confused with menargers!) Of such a scale as Stalin, Beria, and others, there would probably not have been a USSR or Russia.
    Kurchatov in his work is a great professional, but he did NOT MAKE HISTORY!
    These are GREAT people who have preserved and rebuilt the country in the most difficult times, God forbid, someone from the present will repeat at least part of their affairs.
    People are judged by their deeds, not by unfounded slander. All the liberal nonsense that has been poured out and composed over the past thirty years is worthless. No documents confirming the allegedly "criminal" activities of Stalin, Beria - no, not presented and cannot be, but what they are trying to present as documents is a linden that does not withstand even a superficial check.
    People are judged by their deeds, and what we have left over after Stalin and Beria is the mighty Soviet Union, with atomic weapons, with a strong, growing economy, the sympathies of half the world!
    No need to try to condemn, you repeat at least a tenth. Let's see what will happen after the current dry residue ...
  • kuz363
    kuz363 15 March 2015 18: 41
    +3
    Yes, but technicians themselves without adequate staffing, procurement of equipment and instruments, finances, living conditions, organization of work of the team also mean little. In addition, techies can completely ruin the work by mutual dismantling, resentment, squabbles, envy ... And there must be a person from the side who could send their talents in the right direction.
  • Yereke
    Yereke 16 March 2015 00: 02
    0
    if the Germans had Beria, then he would have found a Jewish Einstein and forced them to make bombs before the test at the Ryugen island, in 1942-43 .. then Londongrad would have flown to German
  • Andrei946
    Andrei946 17 March 2015 11: 18
    0
    Quote: itr
    Interesting title. I still think that Kurchatov is the main character! Managers are cool without techies nothing to manage

    The manager’s personality also has a significant role in any projects. Indeed, according to the memoirs of contemporaries:
    If the atomic project was headed by V. Molotov, then we would not have been able to achieve such high results
    Yes, this phrase says something. It proves once again that Beria was a high-level manager who possessed not only organizational skills, but also good knowledge, as well as capable, as I.V. Stalin: "... Appreciate people, appreciate personnel ...". The personality of this historical character was strongly lied to by those who broke through to power together with N.S. Khrushchev Trotskyists, in order to throw the Country back in its development.
  • tripletrunk
    tripletrunk 17 March 2015 23: 29
    0
    Techies are cool, without irony, but bring techies' ideas to life,
    organize thousands of people, form technological chains and
    production .. from mining uranium ore to the finished product ... it will be abruptly.
    It should be noted that the techies did a lot of work, after all the Americans ..))
  • viacheslav77
    viacheslav77 15 March 2015 07: 00
    +11
    A very useful article. And there was the defense of the Caucasus.
    1. saber
      saber 15 March 2015 09: 28
      +4
      And there was the laying of a rocky railway to the besieged Stalingrad!
      1. semirek
        semirek 15 March 2015 16: 25
        +1
        Quote: Saber
        And there was the laying of a rocky railway to the besieged Stalingrad!

        But as far as we know, M. Sholokhov played a large role in the construction of the Saratov-Stalingrad railway
  • xavbek7
    xavbek7 15 March 2015 07: 09
    +10
    ex Lavrenty Palych-did not beat the rivals. and so the story would go a completely different way ....
    1. Chicot 1
      Chicot 1 15 March 2015 07: 22
      +12
      Quote: xavbek7
      ex Lavrenty Palych-did not beat the rivals. and so the story would go a completely different way ....

      Recently, I also often ask myself the question, what would happen if Beria could crush Khrushchev "with his comrades"? .. But history does not like subjunctive moods ...
      But, I think that it would definitely not be worse ...
      1. alicante11
        alicante11 15 March 2015 14: 47
        0
        Recently, too, I often ask myself, what would happen if Beria could crush Khrushchev "with his comrades"?


        Well, I don’t know, of course, Beria was a technocrat and it’s stupid to deny his merits. But, for example, he intended to unite Germany, it is clear that it is not under the auspices of the GDR. Why was that? What game is this? Plus too stupidly lost the struggle for power. IMHO, LPS was a tactician, an excellent performer, but strategic activity, apparently, was not his hobby. There are people who cannot rise above a certain level.
  • Fedor Bolts
    Fedor Bolts 15 March 2015 07: 28
    .
    Not living at that time, it’s good to dream of a strong hand, in which half of the country sat and the other guarded. Do not idealize, so slide down to the German order under Hitler.
    1. saag
      saag 15 March 2015 07: 36
      .
      Quote: Fedor Boltov
      Not living at that time, it’s good to dream of a strong hand, with half of the country sitting and the other guarding.

      That's it, until he touches personally and they will be touched by manilism here
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. Severomor
        Severomor 15 March 2015 12: 31
        +7
        half of the country sat and the other guarded


        This is five !!!! wink Although not half of the country, but "only" 10 local executive bodies of prisoners can you imagine? Transfer to camps, feed ..... oh well, they ate quinoa and nettles, but they worked. 10 million must be placed somewhere. 10 million shoes and clothes. 10 million of the hungry will not be able to give "the plan according to the shaft and the shaft according to the plan." Go down to earth, read about the number of repressed and the number of camps, Solzhenitsyn was not friends with figures and facts (frankly lied), Mlechin and Svanidze do this on purpose.
        Welcome to the history-distorting company, Brewers and K * are waiting for you.
    2. Dimas54
      Dimas54 15 March 2015 08: 56
      +12
      That is, the country is 200 million and half sat? Do not carry nonsense. In America, he sat and sits much more. Take the numbers and compare, everything is in open sources.
    3. Darkness
      Darkness 15 March 2015 09: 10
      +4
      Oh, the liberalist drew himself.
      Agitation, go from the 90s did not change?
    4. saber
      saber 15 March 2015 09: 44
      0
      but we all lived under the soft, shaking foot of a democrat, panimash ...
    5. Aleksey_K
      Aleksey_K 15 March 2015 14: 05
      +6
      Quote: Fedor Bolts
      Not living at that time, it’s good to dream of a strong hand, in which half of the country sat and the other guarded. Do not idealize, so slide down to the German order under Hitler.

      When you "speak the truth", then give a link to information where you can read about this "truth". And it turns out that there are 100 million people in the country. sat, and 100 million people. guarded. And who fought on the fronts, and who worked in the rear? And did all the schoolchildren study in the camps? I was born in 1949, under Stalin, and for some reason not in the camp? I believe that you are an enemy of Russia, the main thing for you is to slander the leaders, the people and socialism. It is a pity if you were born under Stalin that the hands of the NKVD did not reach you.
    6. Bayonet
      Bayonet 15 March 2015 15: 59
      0
      Quote: Fedor Boltov
      Not living at that time, it's good to dream of a strong hand,

      In a cozy armchair and a beer, and if I had got at that time, I would have immediately whined differently!
    7. MrK
      MrK 9 July 2017 13: 03
      0
      Quote: Fedor Boltov
      Not living at that time, it’s good to dream of a strong hand, in which half of the country sat and the other guarded. Do not idealize, so slide down to the German order under Hitler.


      That your current freedom has led to the fact that in Russia the minimum wage is lower than in Honduras, and in terms of average wages we are below Nigeria.
  • ava09
    ava09 15 March 2015 07: 35
    +17
    Trotskyist Khrushch, an active organizer and participant in the repressions, had no choice but to denigrate Beria. Otherwise, he would rightfully take a place in the history that he assigned to Lavrenty Pavlovich. Maybe for some this is not a fact, but the descendants of Khrushchev are now thriving in the United States and yapping from there, defaming their former homeland. One of his great-granddaughter is Russophobia, which is worth: http://ss69100.livejournal.com/937067.html
    1. Nayhas
      Nayhas 15 March 2015 09: 35
      0
      Quote: ava09
      but the descendants of Khrushchev are now thriving in the United States and yapping from there, defaming their former homeland.

      So then, Stalin’s daughter also dumped in the USA ... through Switzerland ...
      1. saber
        saber 15 March 2015 09: 52
        +1
        poor child. the mother committed suicide .., the father had no time to deal with her ... so she grew up, what grew up. and even the genes ... of the mother
      2. Aleksey_K
        Aleksey_K 15 March 2015 23: 59
        0
        Quote: Nayhas
        Quote: ava09
        but the descendants of Khrushchev are now thriving in the United States and yapping from there, defaming their former homeland.

        So then, Stalin’s daughter also dumped in the USA ... through Switzerland ...

        Wikipedia: "On December 20, 1966, she arrived in India, accompanying the ashes of her civil husband, Brajesh Singh. On March 6, she asked the Soviet ambassador Benediktov to allow her to stay in India, but he insisted that she return to Moscow on March 8, and said that she will no longer be allowed to leave the USSR. On the same day, she came to the US Embassy in Delhi with a passport and luggage and asked for political asylum. A member of the Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee AN Kosygin gave her permission to leave the USSR. "

        "... my failure to return in 1967 was based not on political, but on human motives. Let me remind you that, leaving then for India to take the ashes of a close friend - an Indian, there, I was not going to become a defector, I hoped then to return home in a month However, in those years I paid my tribute to the blind idealization of the so-called "free world", the world with which my generation was completely unfamiliar.
        S. Alliluyeva

        This is not the case when you need to groan defectors or cite them as an example. How much has been mixed up in the minds of readers of Military Review, or is it such a deceit?
  • Aleksandr72
    Aleksandr72 15 March 2015 07: 36
    +15
    History does not know the subjunctive mood. But based on the afterlife, I affirm that such a person L.P. Beria was simply necessary as the head of the atomic project of the USSR. The betrayal (you cannot say otherwise) of the Nobel laureate academician Sakharov is an example of what venerable scientists can go to in the absence of state control over them. And the fact that Kapitsa to put it mildly did not like Beria’s management style is a fairly well-known story. But on the other hand, real scientists, in love with their work, they are like children, you will never guess what they will get in their experiments. If they were not limited and all forces were directed in the right direction, it is not known when the USSR would receive its atomic weapons, even despite all the successes of Soviet intelligence.
    I have the honor.
  • Hagakure
    Hagakure 15 March 2015 07: 38
    +17
    “If it weren't for him, Beria, there would have been no bomb,” subsequently admitted Igor Kurchatov, scientific director of the Atomic Project.
  • Romanenko
    Romanenko 15 March 2015 07: 42
    +25
    Finally, at least someone decided to write about Lavrentti Pavlovich not at all what they are used to hearing and seeing for three generations of Russians. I grew up in a family of "uranians" and myself worked at Min Sredmash, and from childhood I heard my parents and acquaintances talk that the image of a strangler-executioner was hung on Beria specifically in order to make him a "contrasting! Figure of Stalin's government, thereby whitewashing The rest were no better, but by his death Beria somehow took upon himself all the sins of the system. The man, to whose organizational genius the country owes in many areas of its potential, was made a scapegoat. If you think about it, someone could have made someone like that. whatever, but there would not be that effect of cleansing power, Beria was one of the strongest and most significant figures, therefore the choice fell on him. The technology, alas, is not new, but it works reliably, and now our "partners" are acting with the same methods. Modern humanity is firmly attached to the media and even realizing that some of the information is a lie, always subconsciously counts on the percentage of truth in the information flow. Recently, it has been customary to continuously lie 100% in such a case, whatever percentage the listener determines for himself, all the same he will not hear and learn the truth. Lavrenty Palovich was the victim of the first such high-level experiment in our post-war history. How I would like to believe that this will not happen again ...
  • Loner_53
    Loner_53 15 March 2015 07: 59
    +4
    Well, to know the way it is, many secrets of our past will still be revealed to us, and many will be hidden for a long time winked
  • DMB3000
    DMB3000 15 March 2015 08: 00
    -7
    Chief of course, Igor Vasilievich Kurchatov, Beria only gave the keys.
    1. Dimas54
      Dimas54 15 March 2015 08: 51
      +5
      Without competent guidance and management, nothing would have happened.
      1. Bayonet
        Bayonet 15 March 2015 12: 41
        -7
        Quote: Dimas54
        Without competent guidance and management, nothing would have happened.

        Well, yes, with "competent leadership and management", in any collective farm an atomic bomb will be made ... by the end of the quarter!
  • Corsair5912
    Corsair5912 15 March 2015 08: 03
    +12
    The first intelligence department of the NKVD, starting in the fall of 1941, through the established foreign agent network, received information about the work on the creation of atomic weapons carried out in the USA, England and Germany. Having received the information, L.P. Beria, not convinced of its complete reliability, was in no hurry to report this to I.V. Stalin.
    L.P. Beria decided on a report only on 6 on October 1942, inviting JV Stalin to work out the question of creating a scientific advisory body at the State Defense Committee (GKO) [2] from authoritative persons to coordinate, study and direct the work of all scientists, research organizations of the USSR, dealing with the issue of atomic energy of uranium.


    The author apparently forgot why Beria "decided" to report to Stalin only in October 1942. In October, the construction of new military factories in the Urals and Siberia was completed, the industry switched over to fulfilling defense orders, the installation of evacuated factories, and preparations for the operation to encircle the German forces at Stalingrad were completed, Beria had the opportunity to do other things.
    It is always forgotten that since June 1941, it was Beria who organized the work of transport on the evacuation of industrial enterprises, workers and engineers from west to east and the oncoming transport of military goods and people to the west, to the front. The railroads worked like clockwork, despite the bombing and the lack of locomotives and wagons, the front supplied everything they could, millions of tons of cargo were delivered over great distances in a timely manner.
    1. saag
      saag 15 March 2015 08: 37
      -5
      Quote: Corsair5912
      Railways worked like clockwork

      What? Study the question about work at that time, you will get the surname Kaganovich, the picture will be slightly different, they’ll make an icon from this Beria :-)
      1. semirek
        semirek 15 March 2015 11: 16
        -3
        Kaganovich was responsible for the railway as the people's commissar of the NKPS, and at the beginning of the war and for the evacuation of enterprises, otherwise it is possible to agree to the point that Beria and Stalin were replaced.
        1. Corsair5912
          Corsair5912 15 March 2015 12: 03
          +2
          There is no need to negotiate, Beria really sometimes replaced Stalin.


          Most of the decisions of the GKOs were signed by its chairman, Stalin, some of them by Deputy Molotov and members of the GKOs, Mikoyan and Beria.

          On 16 of May 1944 of the year L.P. Beria was appointed Deputy Chairman of the GKO
      2. Corsair5912
        Corsair5912 15 March 2015 12: 00
        +5
        Beria has been a member of T-bills since June 1941.
        Kaganovich was responsible for the NKPS, Lomako was responsible for the NCCM, Tevosyan for the NKChM, etc., and Beria was responsible for Kaganovich, for Lomako, for Tevosyan, etc. and for the final result of the activities of all the people's commissariats.
        So study the question and do not draw superficial conclusions.
        Of the decisions and orders adopted by T-bills during their work, 9971 currently retains 98 documents in full and three more in part (they relate mainly to the production of chemical weapons and the atomic problem).
        Most of the decisions of the GKOs were signed by its chairman, Stalin, some of them by Deputy Molotov and members of the GKOs, Mikoyan and Beria.
        The GKO did not have its own apparatus, its decisions were prepared in the appropriate people's commissariats and departments, and the paperwork was carried out by the Special Sector of the Central Committee of the CPSU (B.).
        The overwhelming majority of GKO decisions had the signature stamp “Secret”, “Top Secret” or “Top Secret / Special Importance”
        1. semirek
          semirek 15 March 2015 13: 30
          -2
          You're wrong: only Stalin could replace Stalin. To sign Beria’s decision, approved by Stalin, could not replace the chairman of the GKO.
    2. Dimas54
      Dimas54 15 March 2015 08: 48
      +11
      And I’ll add, even right now, with our much larger network of roads, it may not be possible to transfer such a number of plants in such a short period of time. They were the geniuses of logistics.
  • iury.vorgul
    iury.vorgul 15 March 2015 08: 26
    +12
    L.P. Beria, of course, was not an angel; he had no halo and wings. And participated in the repressions in the 30s, (and who did not participate from the leadership of the USSR), and the authoritarian style was. Only Napoleon in France killed 2 generations of young men and in the end lost his wars. And still - a great commander and political genius, and after the French, the whole world thinks so. And all because he laid the foundations of modern France (the Code of Napoleon, etc.) And we continue to humiliate and insult our commanders and genius, for us the authorities are Solzhenitseny, Brodsky and Galich.
    1. Aleksey_K
      Aleksey_K 16 March 2015 00: 06
      0
      Quote: iury.vorgul
      for us, the authorities are Solzhenitsen, Brodsky and Galich.

      Jews in Russia will never become authorities. True, they are now under Russian surnames, but the people remember and bring these Masons to clean water.
      1. semirek
        semirek 16 March 2015 01: 10
        +1
        I do not agree: Kaganovich is a Jew, Beria is a Jew ...
        1. Corsair5912
          Corsair5912 16 March 2015 09: 01
          +1
          Quote: semirek
          I do not agree: Kaganovich is a Jew, Beria is a Jew ...

          Kaganovich is a Jew, and Beria is not a Jew, but Mingrel.
          (Mingreli is a sub-ethnic group of the Georgian people, living mainly in the western lowlands of Georgia and in the east of Abkhazia).
  • Dimas54
    Dimas54 15 March 2015 08: 43
    +11
    Quote: Fedor Boltov
    in which half of the country sat and the other guarded

    Ktozh you so fucked up your head? That is, the country is almost 200 million and plovina sat?
  • Dimas54
    Dimas54 15 March 2015 08: 45
    +3
    In general, Beria’s dream was architecture, I read somewhere that the Stalinist skyscrapers are Beria’s work.
  • Support
    Support 15 March 2015 08: 57
    +14
    Just in case, like half sat, half stood, no need to pay attention. It is time for L.P. Beria to erect a monument, because we must pay tribute - thanks to his energy, insight and talent as a manager, Russia is still Russia. But what about the repression? I believe in the 30s there was no repression, but there was retaliation for those vampires, cattle and other two-legged freaks who, in the revolution (October) of 1917 and then into the civilian and then until the 30s, arranged the genocide of the Russian people. A monument is needed.
    1. Boos
      Boos 15 March 2015 09: 11
      +8
      The time will come, we will erect monuments to Stalin and Beria, but not under the current "government". The achievements of the Stalinists will always be a reproach to the current "effective business executives." And Lavrenty Palych is the best manager of his era, after Stalin.
    2. Dart2027
      Dart2027 15 March 2015 16: 42
      +5
      All our liberals and human rights activists always howl about the 37th year. But they never talk about what happened in the 20s.
  • jamalena
    jamalena 15 March 2015 08: 59
    +4
    - Beria is our hero and point!
  • Bort radist
    Bort radist 15 March 2015 09: 03
    +10
    I had to be in Krasnoyarsk-26 (Zheleznogorsk). Locals proudly said that the construction of the city and industry was supervised by Beria.
    The appearance of Krasnoyarsk-26 is associated with the construction on the banks of the Yenisei large nuclear plant - Mining and Chemical Combine. The main activity of the plant was the production of weapons-grade plutonium, an essential component for the production of nuclear weapons. Unique is the fact of placing a nuclear plant underground in rock formations. In just eight years, tens of thousands of prisoners have built numerous tunnels of the "atomic cave." The volume of underground workings at the time the new enterprise began operation in 1958 exceeded the volume of tunnels in the Moscow metro. Perhaps this is one of the most significant buildings of the Soviet era, standing on one of the first places in the list of giant factories inconceivable in scale and labor,
    Another interesting fact. A ballot box was worn in the election four years ago. They said that after 20:00 no one would vote. At 20:05 a man turned to me at the entrance of the house that my grandmother wants to vote, they have a ticket and she specially asked for leave from the hospital to vote. I said that it’s too late according to the rules, I called myself. The man behaved politely, and after thinking, I decided to return and let my granny cast her vote. We go into the apartment at this moment a bell rings on my mobile and they begin to convince me from the department of the Kemerovo region that it is necessary to give my grandmother the opportunity to vote. I reply that we are already in the apartment and the citizen is voting. In the conversation, I pick up the Baltic accent and when I leave, I say - Visa gyara (All the best in Lithuanian). A man asks again, then we are told by Latvians and in a whisper adds - grandmother is the great-granddaughter of Beria. I realized that the relatives of such people are still being supervised.
  • sunzhenets
    sunzhenets 15 March 2015 09: 22
    +12
    By the example of Beria, it is clearly visible - the history of science is editable.
    Among the political figures of the Soviet period, the stories of him and Stalin are the most watered. And who is watering? First, an undeveloped Trotskyist, an opportunist and a halfwit Khrushchev, and then a variety of liberoids.
    Already this is enough to doubt. Lavrenty Pavlovich did a lot for the prosperity of the USSR. And he plowed like a damned one - they put him in all the rushing directions.
    P.S. There are no close managers at this level in the current government.
  • Million
    Million 15 March 2015 09: 26
    +3
    You can only believe in those
    who knew Beria personally. The rest is gossip of old women near the entrance.
    And yet, you need to judge a person by his deeds!
  • bionik
    bionik 15 March 2015 09: 35
    +2
    Quote: Ivan Tarasov

    They didn’t lean against the wall, but they vilely shot at the apartment.

    Shot in the basement, at the headquarters of the air defense of the Moscow Military District.
  • 1536
    1536 15 March 2015 09: 36
    +6
    If we compare Beria and Khrushchev, then Khrushchev should have been shot. Khrushchev's "victory" in those apparatus "revolutions" after the death of I.V. Stalin, predetermined today's events.
    1. Bayonet
      Bayonet 15 March 2015 12: 49
      -6
      Quote: 1536
      If we compare Beria and Khrushchev, then it was necessary to shoot Khrushchev

      To shoot this whole gang, it was necessary before 1917!
    2. semirek
      semirek 15 March 2015 16: 37
      0
      Quote: 1536
      If we compare Beria and Khrushchev, then Khrushchev should have been shot. Khrushchev's "victory" in those apparatus "revolutions" after the death of I.V. Stalin, predetermined today's events.

      Argue about the Khrushchev-Beria confrontation, as if Khrushchev began to rule after Stalin. After Stalin, Malenkov had power - he then dealt with Beria with the help of the army leadership led by Zhukov, and Khrushchev was on the sidelines at that time, and I was waiting for the right moment to reset Malenkov.
  • Nayhas
    Nayhas 15 March 2015 09: 48
    -2
    Contribution Beria L.P. in the creation of the atomic bomb (and not only, there is also space and aviation) is undoubtedly huge. The fact that the hangman’s label is hung on him is not entirely deserved, that's for sure. Not quite because there were NOT executioners near Stalin, everyone was messed up ... the same Khrushchev became much more famous in this than Beria L.P.
    But I don't quite understand why the notorious Stalinists admire him so much? So Beria L.P. was not a Leninist-Stalinist. Maybe when in his youth he harbored communist illusions, but already being the head of the NKVD, he clearly got rid of them. Moreover, many theorists of the "conspiracy against Stalin" consider him the author. Not to mention his post-Stalinist proposals, this is an open departure from the ideas of Marxism-Leninism.
    Those. Beria L.P. as the head of a state like the USSR, he did not see any prospects for continuing the Stalin line. What would he do? About the same as Deng Xiao Ping in China.
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 15 March 2015 16: 48
      .
      "Beria L.P. as the head of such a state as the USSR did not see any prospects in continuing the line of Stalin" ///

      The reason is different.
      Beria was a smart and pragmatic gangster.
      And he, being the coordinator of the nuclear program of the USSR and Foreign Intelligence,
      the only one in the leadership understood that the Americans
      in the early 50s there was an overwhelming nuclear advantage
      weapons and they could one mass plaque strategists
      actually finish the USSR.
      Therefore, as soon as Stalin died, he instantly canceled
      The second wave of mass terror, which Stalin began to unwind,
      since 1949. And which radicals in the American leadership
      considered a copy of the campaign of Nazi terror of 1938.
      He sent a signal to the Americans: "the terror is over, the concentration camps will be disbanded,
      we are "white and fluffy". Thus, the US nuclear threat was removed.
      1. sds87
        sds87 15 March 2015 18: 03
        +5
        Do you have such nonsense taught in history schools in Israel?
  • LEVIAFAN
    LEVIAFAN 15 March 2015 10: 14
    .
    Quote: jamalena
    - Beria is our hero and point!

    Beria. only Georgians are the same Himler.
  • Mareman Vasilich
    Mareman Vasilich 15 March 2015 10: 27
    +6
    Quote: Ivan Tarasov
    They didn’t lean against the wall, but vilely shot in the apartment, without trial.
    Shot by those whose henchmen then destroyed the USSR.

    In general, you are right, but, unfortunately, there are few people who are interested in understanding on their own. The overwhelming mass of bastards like Svanidze, Mlechin and the like, in which they believe, believe that the check turns out to be an ordinary lie, but personal hatred.
  • moskowit
    moskowit 15 March 2015 10: 30
    +7
    But diamond pens and billions, like those of the current regional managers, and the "greatest managers" of the military department have not been found. Lavrenty Pavlovich was an honest man! And his merits, that Russia is still reckoned with, are undoubted! The creation of the atomic shield of our Motherland, his feat! It has long been necessary to think about perpetuating the memory of L.P. Beria.
  • provincial
    provincial 15 March 2015 10: 35
    -5
    "Beria, Beria got out of trust, and Comrade Malenkov kicked him" - ditties of that time.
    1. semirek
      semirek 15 March 2015 11: 24
      -3
      I just wanted to write that you were ahead of me. Many people don’t know that after the death of Stalin G. Malenkov became the owner of the Kremlin.
      1. Dry_T-50
        Dry_T-50 15 March 2015 16: 04
        0
        Quote: semirek
        Stalin's death, the master of the Kremlin was G. Malenkov

        It wasn’t long, they don’t know. They still don’t know about Yanaev
      2. bombardir
        bombardir 15 March 2015 16: 08
        +3
        Quote: semirek
        Here, many do not know that after Stalin's death, G. Malenkov became the owner of the Kremlin.
        I'll tell you more - here many do not even know the elementary things: for example, they do not know that Stalin was never the "master" of the Kremlin)))
      3. Gamdlislyam
        Gamdlislyam 15 March 2015 19: 35
        +3
        Quote: semirek
        Here, many do not know that after Stalin's death, G. Malenkov became the owner of the Kremlin.

        Dear colleague Ivan Ivanovich, why don’t you say that soon after the murder of Beria, Khrushchev N.S. became First Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee, i.e. the leader of the country. In order for the Ukrainians to vote for him, he promised Ukraine to give Crimea. And becoming the leader of the country, he dismissed Georgy Maksimilianovich Malenkov from the post of Chairman of the Council of Ministers, and he occupied the second power seat.
        Prior to that, during the life of Stalin, the post of Secretary General was eliminated in the CPSU and the collective administration of the party by the five secretaries of the CPSU Central Committee was approved (albeit a formal one during Stalin's life). Stalin, in addition, held the following posts: Chairman of the Council of Ministers, Commander-in-Chief, Minister of Defense.
        After Stalin's death, Malenkov G.M. was appointed to the post of Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Secretary of State Malenkov N.A. Khrushchev N.S. He remained simply the Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee (but was in charge of cadres in the party apparatus). Beria L.P. was appointed First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers and Minister of the Interior.
        Of the 4 Ceretars of the Central Committee of the CPSU, Khrushchev N.S., the only one who was deprived of an additional position. Ambitions and a thirst for power, prompted him to the Kremlin coup. For this, it was hoped to remove the clever, cautious and compromising (including Khrushchev) rival ally Beria L.P., which could interfere with Khrushchev's intrigues.
        1. semirek
          semirek 15 March 2015 20: 04
          +1
          Thank you for providing information on the party hierarchy of that time. In general, I am a supporter of having one country govern the country: preferably the tsar or the supreme ruler --- in this case, the person will be responsible for the country. The political bureau, beginning with Lenin and ending with Gorbachev, was constantly fighting for power, at times it hindered the development of the country.
          1. Aleksey_K
            Aleksey_K 16 March 2015 00: 17
            -1
            Of course, you are right from the American point of view. Kennedy did not have such a political bureau, and therefore he was quickly shot dead without sitting, arguing, or voting.
    2. Powder
      Powder 15 March 2015 12: 39
      +5
      Look at the further biography of Malenkov and Bulganin, I don’t remember who personally, but it seems Malenkov ended his career in Ust-Kamenogorsk, director of the hydroelectric station.
      Why Khrushchev, all of them (working with Beria L.P.), very quickly merged (50 years). The fall from such heights of power is very painful.
      Sincerely.
      1. semirek
        semirek 15 March 2015 20: 07
        0
        Malenkov was the director of Ekibastuz Gras.
  • provincial
    provincial 15 March 2015 10: 54
    +5
    “We need a genuine historical science that will help to learn lessons from past experience in order to solve the problems of today and tomorrow without new tragic mistakes. Every historian should remember the words of Pope Leo XIII:“ The main law of history is not to dare to lie, the second is not to be afraid tell the truth"". I didn't say.
  • fa2998
    fa2998 15 March 2015 11: 04
    0
    Quote: 1536
    If we compare Beria and Khrushchev, then Khrushchev should have been shot. Khrushchev's "victory" in those apparatus "revolutions" after the death of I.V. Stalin, predetermined today's events.

    Let's just say that Beria was not the best person in the USSR, his role in the repressions is known. But after Stalin's death, you need to find the "switchman" and blame him for the shooting. And they found Beria. The entire leadership of the USSR was involved in the repression , hands up to the elbows in krovi.Tot the same Khrushchev approved how many raster lists? There were plans to identify "enemies of the people", they were executed and over-fulfilled! And Beria is to blame! Nobody diminishes his organizational skills - he oversaw the atomic bomb project - the result is known. hi
    1. Corsair5912
      Corsair5912 15 March 2015 12: 15
      +3
      To be a good person at such a job as L.P. Beria is impossible if you want to achieve a positive result. All the same, you have to offend loafers, idiots, understates, saboteurs, etc.
      The author said absolutely true about the role of Beria in repression. And this is confirmed by those who were convicted, served time, and then published memoirs.
      L.P. Beria was not only not the organizer of mass repressions, but was an active opponent of illegal methods of investigation. Over the years of his leadership, the People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs (NKVD) of the USSR released 185 thousand 571 people convicted of counter-revolutionary activities under Article 58 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR. After the death of I.V. Stalin, he was the initiator of a large-scale amnesty and other democratic reforms.
  • LEVIAFAN
    LEVIAFAN 15 March 2015 11: 35
    +3
    Quote: 1536
    If we compare Beria and Khrushchev, then Khrushchev should have been shot. Khrushchev's "victory" in those apparatus "revolutions" after the death of I.V. Stalin, predetermined today's events.

    I have brother Sergey. they wanted to call him Nikita in 78, but the neighbors said that they would tease him with a fool wink
  • Rostislav
    Rostislav 15 March 2015 12: 21
    -2
    This article makes a strange impression.
    For key positions in organizations involved in solving the problems of creating atomic weapons, L.P. Beria appointed experienced leaders from among the employees of the NKVD of the USSR.

    Experienced executives? from the NKVD employees? And there are many such moments in the article.
    Zaportovrat comrade ...
  • Powder
    Powder 15 March 2015 12: 28
    +6
    Quote: Ivan Tarasov
    We have a lot of scientists, there are not enough competent managers.
    Who invented the personal computer, CD player, cell phone - our scientists, only competent manager was not found.
    Now we are buying all this abroad.

    And a lot more else (Pentium processor) and so on. etc..
    I work at the plant mentioned in article 12 (today ELEMASH is the flagship of the Russian nuclear industry). My father knew Riel. About Beria L.P. the reviews are the most positive, until his death he called all the written accusations a lie.
    Figures of a similar scale, Beria L.P., are not visible today.
    The question is for everyone, if the governor of Sakhalin Island has 1000000000 rubles at home, what the head of the USSR would do in such a situation in the years 30-50, what decision he would have made by law. Remember the Uzbek business, how much dirt was poured on the USSR (corruption, bribery, theft). Please tell me what measures to force officials and traders to live in good conscience, or is this concept outside the legal corridor.
    Sincerely.
  • semirek
    semirek 15 March 2015 12: 48
    +7
    I wanted to emphasize one point: to bring together great physicists into one team is one thing, but to put the theoretical foundation into practice is another.
    Thousands of engineers, technicians, and ordinary workers are needed, as well as the material, and rather unique technical base --- all this was possessed by L.P. Beria.
    Merit L.P. in the nuclear project that very little time has passed between theory and practice --- as a result, our country got a nuclear shield and was not burned in the nuclear hell, which the Americans and other evil spirits tried and are trying to prepare for us.
    Glory to our fathers and grandfathers!
  • Azim77
    Azim77 15 March 2015 13: 15
    +2
    Well, probably in the West, ordinary people will be surprised at the fact that in the USSR the leading posts were Stanin-Georgians, deputy Beria - Abkhazian, Khrushchev, Brezhnev, Chernenko - Ukrainians and so on. And all the inheritance and debts, after the collapse of the USSR, Russia alone took upon itself.
    1. Bayonet
      Bayonet 15 March 2015 20: 32
      -2
      Quote: Azim77
      Well, probably in the West, ordinary people will be surprised at the fact that in the USSR the leading posts were Stanin-Georgians, deputy Beria - Abkhazian, Khrushchev, Brezhnev, Chernenko - Ukrainians and so on.

      And their people will be surprised how they could without the help of Stalin and Beria, the Gulag and the NKVD make the atomic bomb the first, create a powerful industry and much more ...
      1. Aleksey_K
        Aleksey_K 16 March 2015 00: 30
        +1
        Quote: Bayonet
        And their people will be surprised how they could without the help of Stalin and Beria, the Gulag and the NKVD make the atomic bomb the first, create a powerful industry and much more ...

        Only an enemy of Russia can write this.
        Half of the USSR was in ruins. The bomb was not created in the Gulag, and the industry was not in the Gulag. Stop lying and pouring mud on the USSR.
        And the American services of the FBI and the CIA quickly condemned everyone they didn’t like at the atomic project, at special closed court hearings and shot or executed on the greatest American invention, on the electric chair. Here are the fiends of Hell. Even the NKVD did not use this atrocity.
  • kompotnenado
    kompotnenado 15 March 2015 13: 17
    -7
    I read the brick of the history of the CPSU right. Propaganda on both sides smells bad.
  • gregor6549
    gregor6549 15 March 2015 13: 32
    0
    Before discussing whether Beria was a hero of atomic (and other) large projects, it would be nice to remember that Beria was one of those whom Stalin chose as a result of a long selection as one of his closest associates. And Stalin chose them at that time to implement the main goal of the VKP (b) party, formulated by Lenin, the complete and final victory of the social revolution around the world as the only opportunity for Soviet Russia and then the USSR to survive in a captive encirclement. All who were not suitable for the solution of this goal by Stalin were mercilessly written off, as a rule at expense. and those who approached were endowed with extraordinary powers to solve the tasks assigned to them at any cost. And when such powers are available, it is not required to select the necessary performers of special talents. the choice of the performers is limited: either the chest in crosses or the head in the bushes. And Beria is just one of Stalin's many associates here, since and Zhukov solved the tasks at any cost, and Beria, and Vannikov, and Zavenyagin and all other Stalinist people's commissars, heads of regional committees, district committees. All other links of the Stalinist vertical of power were also vested with extraordinary powers. It was not possible to preserve this system after Stalin's death and everything began to collapse quietly until it collapsed completely. Therefore, the main hero of the atomic and other great projects implemented in the USSR was not Beria or someone else, but Stalin and the system of government he created. But the system, alas, was created for one specific person, and as soon as he was gone, the system was gone. The system that has now been created is also built for a specific person and it will last exactly as long as he holds power. And those great goals that were laid in the basis of the creation of the Stalinist system are gone. The current system and its managers have their own, mostly mercantile goals: they are still looting, and then we will see. especially since plane tickets to London are always with you. Accordingly, the heroes of the system are already very specific: Chubais, Serdyukov, Potanin, Abramovich. And Putin will be allowed to run the system only until he becomes a brake on the "heroes". And he already becomes one.
  • Sasha 19871987
    Sasha 19871987 15 March 2015 13: 36
    +3
    children in history lessons would recommend studying the biography of Beria, what a pity that a good person was denigrated and accused of all mortal sins ...
    1. gregor6549
      gregor6549 15 March 2015 13: 42
      +5
      I would first recommend that historians write in the end the true history of the Russian state and not change this story in accordance with the fluctuations of the line of the ruling party at the moment. And if there is such a story, even the children themselves will understand it and her heroes. In the meantime, alas, there is a lack of such a story. Here historians are darkness and all are extremely flexible and sensitively catching what story and anyone wants to see at any given time
  • apro
    apro 15 March 2015 13: 39
    +6
    Thanks to Comrade Stalin and Comrade Beria for our atomic bomb and nuclear industry, the basis of the security of modern Russia. Anything can be chatted, but modern, effective managers, except how to steal and ruin nothing, can.
    1. gregor6549
      gregor6549 15 March 2015 13: 48
      +2
      So they, these managers, had no other acromic tasks. And with their own (to stole everything that is bad and good) they managed more than successfully. And the collapse after this happens already in automatic mode.
  • Sergey-8848
    Sergey-8848 15 March 2015 14: 43
    +5
    Our own scientific school + our own intelligence + perseverance, skill, great labor feat and indestructible faith + perspicacity of leadership = we now live and talk about them.
  • bombardir
    bombardir 15 March 2015 16: 18
    +1
    Someone said that life would be hard if it were not for the honest eyes of the dogs. He’s a fool. A dog is good. But the best thing is the honest eyes of people.

    I don’t understand here Koba. Well, we will work with Mykity. It is good that he intersects little with me. He is more with the people, and I am more with the people.

    With Koba it was hard, without Koba it will be even harder. The main thing is that there is no confusion. There was Stalin, now we need a strong steel unity. But already looking around.
    1. MrK
      MrK 9 July 2017 13: 16
      0
      Quote: bombardir
      It was hard with you, without Koba it would be even harder.

      I agree. These poems are about Ivan the Terrible. But can't they be about Stalin?

      A country cannot be changed without dirtying your hands
      And executions, and war, and not freedom for everyone,
      The great sovereign is always cruel and cool,
      A weak lord (humpback. Auth.) - a misfortune for the people
      .

      Unknown to the kings, humility and peace,
      Long-term labor - the dispensation of the kingdom,
      God holds their hearts with a ruthless hand,
      Do not separate their life from the life of the state.

      He will soak his hands with people executed in blood,
      The rebel boyar is waiting for opal and an ax,
      He will conquer Kazan and Astrakhan with Siberia,
      He will accept the oprichnina shame.

      Descendants cannot comprehend a cruel, formidable age,
      Who knew no battle, no rage, no fear,
      It is not for us to judge the king. He is the king! He is a human!
  • salman5151
    salman5151 15 March 2015 16: 36
    +1
    they seriously feared revelations from L.P. Beria, who had at his disposal all the information about their participation in the mass repressions ....
    ============================ In the previous article "The Mystery of Beria," the author made an attempt to prove that Beria not only was the organizer of mass repressions, but was an active opponent of illegal methods of investigation.
    ================================================== ==============================
    ======================
    The author crashed from the fourth shelf.)))
  • Robert Nevsky
    Robert Nevsky 15 March 2015 17: 44
    +3
    Thanks to the author for the article!
  • cerbuk6155
    cerbuk6155 15 March 2015 18: 16
    +3
    Here is an example. YANUKOVYCH didn’t crush this SCRUB on the Maidan and now the result is this Scum is dancing and dancing throughout Ukraine and has found accomplices. The entire Donbass is already in RUINS, thousands of dead and millions of refugees can go on unleashing a war against RUSSIA and their entire people. And the account of the dead will go to millions. And if these 10-30 thousand were destroyed, everyone would live and there would not be such further consequences. For UKRAINE and RUSSIA and their people, this would be just fine, but for the West, shockingly bad. And now, for the West it’s going well, and he is already rubbing his hands in pleasure, but for our countries and peoples everything is bad. The question is, it would be necessary to remain so clean that Yanukovych would still cry out or destroy this whole SCR and let everyone in the West scream and scream. My opinion is that it was necessary to exterminate everyone and those who would run away to catch and destroy, interrogate and destroy anyway, ALL. Stop indulging traitors and bandits. soldier
  • Stinger
    Stinger 15 March 2015 19: 43
    +1
    The leadership and working methods for creating nuclear weapons in the states and we were the same. There, General Groves with unlimited powers directed the Manhattan project. We also have Beria with unlimited powers. The difference is that they gathered all the smart Jews from all over the world and did, and we collected all the Russian and smart Jews of the USSR and also did. I am sure that if they did not appoint Beria, but someone else, the result would be the same. Because all the best minds of the country were collected, conditions for work were created and almost unlimited resources were attracted. Plus, patriotism and a firm belief in the need for this work for the defense of the state.
    1. semirek
      semirek 15 March 2015 20: 21
      0
      I would like to add: The main problem in creating AB was in obtaining enriched uranium, Soviet intelligence provided data on the American method of enrichment, but our experts proposed their own method - cheaper and faster.
      In general, imagine the scale of the whole work: in order to get a kilogram of enriched uranium, you need to drive hundreds of tons of uranium ore with a minimum uranium content through 30000 special centrifuges. All technologies had to be invented in the course of all the work: colossal work and responsibility.
  • nail
    nail 15 March 2015 19: 53
    +1
    Thank God. Finally, they decided to restore the honest name of Lavrenty Pavlovich.
    For how many years the unfinished Trotskyists slandered and slandered our past, pouring mud on the names of Stalin and Beria.
    1. semirek
      semirek 15 March 2015 21: 24
      +1
      Of course, comrade Beria was a great professional, he coped with any tasks: from creating an atomic bomb to the eviction of entire nations.
    2. alone
      alone 15 March 2015 21: 59
      0
      Quote: nail
      Thank God. Finally, they decided to restore the honest name of Lavrenty Pavlovich.


      I don’t know how would you speak if you were shot on a false denunciation))))
      1. Aleksey_K
        Aleksey_K 16 March 2015 00: 44
        +1
        Quote: lonely
        I don’t know how would you speak if you were shot on a false denunciation))))

        And this is still possible without Beria. It is enough to write on the Internet that you, "lonely", are preparing an armed coup and seizure of power, that you are an underground communist, about whom there is no information in the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, tk. You are an illegal terrorist. You, of course, will not be shot, but serve your life in prison, without the right to review your case. And during interrogations you yourself admit that you continue to dig an underground passage to England, the one that others began to dig under Stalin, but did not dig it.
        1. semirek
          semirek 16 March 2015 01: 04
          -1
          Quote: Алексей_К
          Quote: lonely
          I don’t know how would you speak if you were shot on a false denunciation))))

          And this is still possible without Beria. It is enough to write on the Internet that you, "lonely", are preparing an armed coup and seizure of power, that you are an underground communist, about whom there is no information in the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, tk. You are an illegal terrorist. You, of course, will not be shot, but serve your life in prison, without the right to review your case. And during interrogations you yourself admit that you continue to dig an underground passage to England, the one that others began to dig under Stalin, but did not dig it.

          Watching you --- mine you have paranoia.
          1. Bayonet
            Bayonet 16 March 2015 07: 23
            0
            Quote: semirek
            Watching you --- mine you have paranoia.

            And not only ... Everything is much more neglected there ...
          2. Aleksey_K
            Aleksey_K 16 March 2015 12: 50
            0
            Quote: semirek
            Watching you --- mine you have paranoia.

            And you better watch the "bayonet" ohm. After all, he writes that earlier "... I don't know how you would have started talking if you had been shot on a false denunciation))))". I just gave him an example of a false denunciation now. The result today will be almost the same as under Beria. Those. "bayonet" indiscriminately decries Soviet power.
            I just gave an example of a false denunciation. Is this paranoia in your opinion?
            But the "bayonet" is clearly paranoid - he indiscriminately decries the Soviet power, and gives examples that are exactly the same under current capitalism. He received a free apartment, education, medical care - what is he not happy with? What did the Soviet government do to him personally? Didn't let you cash in on the robbery of the common people?
            1. Bayonet
              Bayonet 16 March 2015 14: 27
              -3
              Quote: Алексей_К
              What did the Soviet government personally incriminate him with? Do not let profit from the robbery of ordinary people?

              So "signal to the authorities" - revealed a disguised anti-Soviet and "robber of the common people", is it a familiar thing? Lost in the labyrinths of time? You are quite talking, my friend, you need to be treated!
            2. Bayonet
              Bayonet 16 March 2015 15: 07
              0
              Quote: Алексей_К
              And you better watch the "bayonet" ohm. After all, he writes that earlier "... I don't know how you would have started talking if you had been shot on a false denunciation))))".

              It was written by "Lonely", you old slanderer! If you follow, do not lie so!
        2. alone
          alone 9 July 2017 17: 57
          0
          ))))))) You have several blunders. I live with myself, I have never been a communist, a person far from politics and power (I earn my living honestly with my labor), I have never been illegal.
          Beria is an unconditional personality, no one denies this, but like any person he had mistakes.
      2. MrK
        MrK 9 July 2017 13: 20
        0
        Quote: lonely
        I don’t know how you would speak if you were shot on a false denunciation)

        You are our darling. Beria began to lead the NKVD in November 1938 year. And the repression ended. So do not hang on him all the Khrushchev dogs.
        1. alone
          alone 9 July 2017 17: 58
          0
          Quote: mrark
          Beria began to lead the NKVD in November 1938, and the repression ended. So do not hang on him all the Khrushchev dogs.

          Under him, there were also mass arrests.
  • kotev19
    kotev19 15 March 2015 20: 54
    +1
    Lavrenty Beria speech over the grave of Stalin, March 9, 1953, Moscow, USSR, Red Square
  • alone
    alone 15 March 2015 22: 01
    +1
    no one says that Beria did nothing for the state. Of course he had merits to the USSR. But praising one thing, be honest with yourself and discuss his mistakes. But then he turns out to be an angel in the flesh))))
  • Danash I
    Danash I 15 March 2015 22: 11
    +6
    In 1969 he met Uncle Sasha, a relative of the neighbors, an employee of the Cheremkhovsky OKGB. He was struck by the fact that he automatically twisted the can of condensed milk with a corkscrew with his hands! Try it yourself. a simple thing. And he talks to the snot like an equal. Once without any drawing, he calmly answered my question. Have you been working for a long time? "From the war. So then Beria was also this ... repression. What repression, where did you get it?" So it’s at school and in general. It seems clever, but we work by law. Open the Special part of the Criminal Code. Everything is written there. And a short educational program. Yes, I had no idea about the Criminal Code. !! Chekists catch spies in all films, heroically steal secrets enemies! But the Criminal Code ?! Ahh Beria is the enemy ?? Who ?? I saw him alive. They say HERNYU. Do you even imagine how much junk went through these hands from this bastard? I have no comments on his words. And yet. I was very lucky at the beginning of my life to meet people with my own opinion and competent.
    1. semirek
      semirek 16 March 2015 00: 20
      0
      Quote: Danash I
      In 1969 he met Uncle Sasha, a relative of the neighbors, an employee of the Cheremkhovsky OKGB. He was struck by the fact that he automatically twisted the can of condensed milk with a corkscrew with his hands! Try it yourself. a simple thing. And he talks to the snot like an equal. Once without any drawing, he calmly answered my question. Have you been working for a long time? "From the war. So then Beria was also this ... repression. What repression, where did you get it?" So it’s at school and in general. It seems clever, but we work by law. Open the Special part of the Criminal Code. Everything is written there. And a short educational program. Yes, I had no idea about the Criminal Code. !! Chekists catch spies in all films, heroically steal secrets enemies! But the Criminal Code ?! Ahh Beria is the enemy ?? Who ?? I saw him alive. They say HERNYU. Do you even imagine how much junk went through these hands from this bastard? I have no comments on his words. And yet. I was very lucky at the beginning of my life to meet people with my own opinion and competent.

      But what about the great Russian scientist Vavilov --- who was engaged in a noble cause, he was arrested at 39, whom did he interfere with? He worked for the good of his homeland and died like a dog in a Saratov prison in 41 years from hunger.
      1. MrK
        MrK 9 July 2017 13: 24
        0
        Quote: semirek
        the great Russian scientist Vavilov --- who was engaged in a noble deed, he was arrested in 39,

        Just do not talk about the lack of talent Vavilov. Four articles in the native institute that no one remembers for a long time.
        And he was arrested not for politics, but for the fact that he received a salary at five jobs.
  • Nrsimha42
    Nrsimha42 15 March 2015 22: 44
    +2
    Quote: semirek
    This is not true - the trial of Beria lasted six months and the verdict announced the Special Judicial Presence, the sentence was carried out by military officers.



    ... according to the liberals, who then fed the people.
  • Yereke
    Yereke 15 March 2015 23: 58
    +1
    Beria was banged at home like sneaky dogs in the back, there are witnesses. For half a year he was then kept in court .. nonsense, during which time his supporters would have been released. They killed for the fact that he began to look for who killed Stalin .. Then they hung on Stalin all that is possible, and on Beria all that can still be invented is the murder of Stalin. After 2 weeks of Stalin’s murder, Churchill received the title of a knight ... among those who brought down Beria were Zhukov and the rest, who were later thrown by Khrushchev, who constantly asked Stalin to give permission to shoot people in his Ukraine
    1. semirek
      semirek 16 March 2015 00: 44
      0
      Quote: Ereke
      Beria was banged at home like sneaky dogs in the back, there are witnesses. For half a year he was then kept in court .. nonsense, during which time his supporters would have been released. They killed for the fact that he began to look for who killed Stalin .. Then they hung on Stalin all that is possible, and on Beria all that can still be invented is the murder of Stalin. After 2 weeks of Stalin’s murder, Churchill received the title of a knight ... among those who brought down Beria were Zhukov and the rest, who were later thrown by Khrushchev, who constantly asked Stalin to give permission to shoot people in his Ukraine

      Yereke! Think for yourself: Beria Marshal, Secretary of the Central Committee, Minister of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Commander of the Internal Troops --- and this person calmly arrested at home? bullshit. For the arrest of Beria, a special operation of the Soviet army was planned with the involvement of military units and tanks: Beria had everything under control of the security forces, part of the internal troops, the security of the Kremlin where the plenum was held and where he arrived. The conspirators acted so carefully that L.P. . I had no idea what was happening and was arrested right during the meeting in the Kremlin by army officers, if there was a mistake on their part - it is not known how the events would unfold.
      You can understand the officers: they avenged their comrades who were arrested after the war and went through the dungeons of the NKVD, even the marshals did not escape this fate.
  • Yereke
    Yereke 16 March 2015 00: 03
    -1
    how happy they were in the west when the collective farmer Khrushchev came to power .. it's like a tractor operator to entrust control of a rocket
    1. semirek
      semirek 16 March 2015 00: 11
      -1
      Quote: Ereke
      how happy they were in the west when the collective farmer Khrushchev came to power .. it's like a tractor operator to entrust control of a rocket

      But didn’t Khrushchev force Ereka to force Kennedy to step back during the Caribbean crisis? We say ourselves what they gave to the Americans then, and we themselves are obscene to Khrushchev. Let's be somehow consistent.