Military Review

Children's alphabet about the 1812 war of the year, published in 1814

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Russian artists quickly and quickly responded to the invasion of Napoleon in Russia in 1812. Their task was to popularize the idea of ​​the national character of war, to find a form that would be understandable to the widest strata of society. The political “1812 caricature of the year”, “flying sheets”, as they were called, became such a form.


However, the authors of the best sheets are known. This is the painter Alexey Gavrilovich Venetsianov, the graphic artist Ivan Ivanovich Ivanov and, perhaps, the most famous and active of the authors of the “flying sheets” Ivan Ivanovich Terebenev. Exactly I. I. Terebenev is the creator of the alphabet presented here. Without being embarrassed by the “areal”, as it was then said, the popular character of the chosen genre, he created about forty topical, effective, artistically interesting cartoons on the theme of World War 1812, on the basis of which the children's alphabet was created. At the end of 1814, these cartoons were engraved with an 1 / 16 engraving on a piece of a sheet and painted in watercolor by hand.

Small ABC cards should have revealed a picture of a war just past before the eyes of a child. He learned about the courage and resourcefulness of ordinary Russian people, he saw the decomposition of the recently victorious French army, cowardice, looting, the shameful flight of its soldiers, he learned to despise the invaders who encroached on Russia's national independence.

From the ABC pictures children learned about numerous examples of heroism and selflessness: about an old man pretending to be deaf so as not to give out to the French, where his fellow villagers hiding from the enemy in the forest (letter “A”) are hiding, about old Vasilis who, commanding his peasant army, armed only with a scythe, captured the French (the letter "I-I"). The episode captured on a sheet with the letter “O” is especially touching. He recalls that in the cruel testing of war the Russian people did not forget about kindness and humanity. Near the tent. at the cauldron with food, two Russian soldiers feed three Frenchmen. One of them is already eating, the other is reaching for a piece, the third gratefully kisses the Russian soldier on the shoulder. Under the sheet is a dignified inscription: “Ross alone honors Christian blood in enemies. How terrible his revenge is, so sincere love. ”

The poetic signatures under the pictures of the "ABC" belong, probably, to the pen of I. I. Terebenev.

Children's alphabet about the 1812 war of the year, published in 1814






























































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