"Yars" mastered in the army
In the Teykovsky missile compound, a regiment staffed with the novelty of the Strategic Missile Forces, the Yars mobile complex, took over combat duty. The regiment's rearmament took place from December last year by a division, and in March all the 3 missile battalions began to carry out combat duty on a new vehicle in full force.
Soviet, and then Russian, mobile missile systems always evoked the respect and envy of potential opponents, and the pride of their owners. Yars, the new development of military scientists based on the Topol-M complex, was no exception. This model has significantly surpassed its predecessor in its characteristics. Its main difference from the Topol-M is the presence of a split warhead in the missile, which greatly enhances its use. It confidently hits the target at a distance of about 11000 kilometers, which was clearly shown during the launch launches from one of the launch sites located in Plesetsk. However, it has such a degree of protection against anti-missile weaponsthat at the moment there is no such defense system that could withstand it.
In the Teikov Division, the journalists were shown the Yars SDPC, gave its brief description, and also familiarized with the measures that are being taken to ensure its safety and security. To do this, they unfolded the scenario of an attempt to capture the complex by conditional terrorists. The anti-sabotage unit of the Strategic Missile Forces successfully coped with its task, preventing the development of an emergency situation. The journalists were assured that in real conditions such an attempt was doomed to failure. But even if we assume that the complex is in the wrong hands, it will still not be possible to use it, numerous levels of protection will not allow the launch of the rocket. It can be destroyed, but to run without a command from the outside will not work, even if all the pre-launch operations have been properly carried out.
The advantage of mobile missile systems over mine is that the circle of people is very limited and knows about the routes of their movement, even the DPT (commander of the duty forces) will recognize him just before entering the shift for combat duty. Finding a launcher using satellite intelligence is very difficult. During the carrying of the database in the field is organized tight protection of the location of the missile battalion. Perimeter mining is organized around the position and installation of electronic surveillance and alarm systems. Around-the-clock duty is carried out on the perimeter security panel by interchangeable operators.
In the "fields", the military servicing the complex lives in fairly comfortable conditions, for this purpose they are provided with combat duty support vehicles (MOBD), in which most, if not all, of the conditions for a normal existence outside the usual environment are created. So in the residential compartments of the Kung 8 people are located on sleeping places similar to compartments of railway cars, there is a kitchen with a refrigerator, stove and dishes necessary for cooking. Easy to eat in the compartment-dining room. To create an optimal climate inside the car have air conditioning, heaters and filtering installation. For defense in the compartment of the operator there is a turret machine gun installation with 7,62mm. Kalashnikov machine gun. So that after the change in carrying the database one could bring oneself and the clothes in order in the car there is a washstand and dryers for clothes and shoes. The autonomy of a fully-filled unit requires 45 days.
Now, on the basis of the Teikov division, a center for retraining specialists of different profiles is deployed from the Topol-M complex to Yars, in particular, they train mechanics for launchers and combat duty support vehicles. Classes are held in classrooms equipped with modern equipment and on this technique. Of course, this chassis is much more difficult than in the simulator's cabin, where the movement is only simulated on monitors, and yet the cadets successfully pass all tests in theory and practice and go to their units to wait for Yars to arrive.
The launcher of the complex is made on the basis of the chassis “Maz-79221” in construction similar to the AAP “Topol-M”. Binding to the terrain during a march is carried out, if necessary, to start automatically from any coordinate point using an inertial navigation system with correction via satellite.
The launcher includes a diesel generator autonomous power supply system, navigation system and launch coordinates recalculation. A set of start-up equipment and a set of communication tools ensuring uninterrupted transmission and reception of data under any external conditions.
The hydraulic part of the AAP is represented by the leveling devices of the complex in the horizontal and vertical planes (the so-called plates) and boom lifting devices with the launch canister located on it.
To ensure the necessary for the normal operation of all electronic devices of the launcher and the rocket itself, the equipment includes a powerful climate system with power from the diesel power plant on the march and connected, like the whole complex, to the standard electrical network during the stationary service.
The length of the machine is about 23, the width is approximately 3,4 and the height is 3,3 meters. Ground clearance is approximately 475 mm., Turning radius 18 meters. The depth of a fordable 1,1 meter. Fuel capacity of about 900 liters provides a power reserve of up to 500 kilometers. (Attention, all figures are approximate, since they are taken from official sources and for obvious reasons may not coincide with real ones).
At this time, 9 "Yars" s are on duty somewhere in the Ivanovo region, along with the complexes "Topol-M", which until their replacement will continue to serve.
- Makarov Roman
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