Military Review

Catherine Semenkova. Is it possible to stop capital flight from Russia?

61
Catherine Semenkova. Is it possible to stop capital flight from Russia?


Import-export of capital, as well as its outflow-inflow from one country to another, should be considered as a reality ensuring the development of international markets for goods and capital. The position of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) on this overflow is well known, the free movement of goods and capital in general is regarded as a positive phenomenon, contributing to the development of world economic progress.

Another thing when it comes to leakage or flight of capital (leakage with increased speed) from the country. In this case, the national balance of capital inflows and outflows is almost always negative. Moreover, if the negative trend is growing, the country is losing important investment resources for its own development. In this case, both legal and, especially, illegal export of capital, dollarization of savings become factors constraining economic growth and provoking an economic crisis in the country.

Today, one of the main problems in Russia is the export of capital. Since the beginning of the global financial and economic crisis 2007, the country has seen a trend of net outflow of capital by the private sector.

The main reason for capital flight is that Russia has become a country of neo-colonial type, i.e. a country from which not only raw materials are pumped out, primarily oil and gas, but also financial resources.

Tools to combat the export of capital in foreign countries are well known: effective organization of currency control and currency regulation. There are two countries that have managed to achieve significant success in organizing effective systems of currency regulation and control - India and China. These countries were able to withstand the "pressure" on accelerating the process of liberalization and the abolition of currency restrictions by the IMF. A distinctive feature of the implementation of the process of liberalization of monetary policy of China and India is a gradual and cautious approach, including careful preparation and identification of the stages of reform, evaluation and analysis of their sequence for the entire economy of the country.

China develops a monetary policy strategy based on the characteristics of its economic growth, adhering to the principle of consistent, synchronous reforms with the banking sector, the stock market, mortgage lending, and the real estate market. Unlike other countries, the Chinese authorities are in no hurry to liberalize their exchange rate, given that the drastic liberalization of the capital account is detrimental to the financial system, which is not yet ready for this. China has consistently pursued a policy of liberalizing its foreign exchange regime over 30 years. Step by step, the monetary regulators “probe” the moves, implement pilot projects, which, in their opinion, can harmoniously integrate into the current economic system, opening up the channels of import and export of capital, but without causing a sharp influx or outflow.

In India in recent decades, the economy has been liberalized in accordance with a single initial plan for its implementation, according to which full capital account convertibility (FCAC) was perceived as a means to use the potential of the economy to the maximum extent possible at the lowest cost. At the same time, great attention at every stage of the reform of the liberalization process in India was paid to the study of the development of economic liberalization and the causes of financial and currency crises in foreign countries.

In Russia for many years and in today's difficult economic situation, the “liberal opposition” has been insisting on monetary liberalization. The leadership of the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation adheres to the same position. The consequences of such a policy — the ever-increasing flow of capital abroad — are absolutely devastating for Russia. And this is despite the fact that world experience suggests that it is possible and necessary to fight this evil. There would be a desire and skill.
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http://www.regnum.ru/news/polit/1902161.html
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  1. aszzz888
    aszzz888 8 March 2015 07: 00
    +3
    Two countries should be distinguished that have managed to achieve significant success in organizing effective systems of currency regulation and control - India and China.


    This is where our financiers needed to study five-column studies, not in the Americas and England!
    And therefore - we have what we have.
    And until they catch up with them from their homes, we will not see the development of the economy as our ears without a mirror.
    1. Basarev
      Basarev 8 March 2015 07: 46
      -1
      But no one will chase them, because rocking on Putin’s friends means ruining your life. And from the just questions of the people are denied, talking about the Maidan. But this is not the same thing at all - just shuffle the oligarchs in power and completely rid the country of them. In Flaw, very many quite consciously realized that they did not go to the Maidan for ideological reasons - they simply went to earn money. Therefore, I reiterate: frankly, only the street and only the square will finally lead to the liberation of Russia from the current yoke.
      1. GRAY
        GRAY 8 March 2015 07: 53
        +2
        Quote: Basarev
        then only the street and only the square will finally lead to the liberation of Russia from the current yoke.

        Wanted to sway the throne? So run faster to the Kremlin.
        Streets and squares will support you - definitely.
      2. Landser93
        Landser93 8 March 2015 14: 03
        +1
        I agree, I do not understand this pro-Putin fervor. But the State Department doesn’t set Nabiulina, Chubais and Medvedev, but the GDP itself. With him, and demand. And then this nonsense about the king, the good boyars already got the bad ones. He puts it, and then about 5 posts a column.
        In general, I wonder how the Glazyev GDP has not yet been thrown out of advisers. The liberal clan has enveloped the GDP.
        1. yuriy55
          yuriy55 8 March 2015 16: 37
          +1
          ... And then this nonsense about the king, the good boyars already got the bad ones.
          Did you get it yourself or where did you hear? This is a state secret ... No.
    2. hydrox
      hydrox 8 March 2015 08: 18
      0
      That's just what they were taught in England-the Americas - it is planned to destroy the Russian economy according to instructions from the State Department. And until Putin realizes that with the demise of Russia as a state-government, he himself will end in the first place, the LIBERAL-COLONIAL RUSSIAN MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WILL LIVE AND PROSPER !!!
      1. varov14
        varov14 8 March 2015 09: 58
        +1
        And he does not know that a black monkey, or rather a green wrapper, is commanding him, they swore allegiance to him back in 90.
    3. yuriy55
      yuriy55 8 March 2015 16: 33
      0
      Plus! And legalists, in terms of the fight against corruption ...
  2. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 8 March 2015 07: 04
    +5
    The outflow of capital with the export of profits from foreign investment is a necessary condition for the investment itself. Otherwise, no one will "start" their capital in Russia! This is the main contradiction of the present situation. It's another matter when they take out profits from our Russian enterprises. For this, we adopted "anti-offshore" laws. They do not act immediately, by the middle of the year it will be clear whether it works or whether it is necessary to "tighten the screws".
    1. hydrox
      hydrox 8 March 2015 08: 22
      +5
      And here everything is very simple: as long as there are sanctions to ban investment in Russia, so ban the export of capital until the end of the sanctions regime.
      Everything is fair: they impose sanctions on us, we impose ... sanctions on them ... wink
  3. Who
    Who 8 March 2015 07: 11
    +1
    Due to the devaluation of the ruble, the withdrawal of capital will become at least twice as expensive.
  4. Ragnarek
    Ragnarek 8 March 2015 07: 15
    +1
    Now speculative capital is escaping, which has never worked for the good of Russia. Serious manufacturing investment remains. So let them run
    1. GRAY
      GRAY 8 March 2015 07: 41
      +1
      Quote: Ragnarek
      Now speculative capital is escaping, which has never worked for the good of Russia. Serious manufacturing investment remains. So let them run

      Tochnik, let them run, and there they will be met:
      One of the main economic news at the end of this week is information from the American publication The Wall Street Journal, citing data from the US Treasury about freezing the funds of two Russian banks. We are talking about the banks "Russia" and the NSR, which came under American sanctions a year ago, in March 2014. The first of them belongs to Yuri Kovalchuk, the second - to the Rotenberg brothers. The total amount of frozen funds is named - 640 million dollars.

      laughing
      1. hydrox
        hydrox 8 March 2015 08: 25
        0
        EVERYTHING is correct :: these are funds received from exploitation of the subsoil and territories of Russia - henceforth, science will be for liber-thieves! laughing
      2. jktu66
        jktu66 8 March 2015 09: 19
        +1
        The total amount of frozen funds is named - 640 million dollars.
        The "sufferers" from the sanctions need to urgently compensate for this. laughing
        1. lidiy
          lidiy 8 March 2015 19: 23
          +1
          So it was precisely for this reason that the State Duma was going to adopt the Rotenberg law (I don’t know if it was accepted or not). If they suffer from sanctions, then they should compensate at the expense of the budget.
  5. valokordin
    valokordin 8 March 2015 07: 32
    +5
    Capital stolen from the people flees from Russia, and the government criminally allows this. Notice the owners of this capital were drawn to London (English crap). According to the RBC channel, already a dozen members of our thieves ’elite have already been shed over the past year.
    Quote: Ragnarek
    Now speculative capital is escaping, which has never worked for the good of Russia. Serious manufacturing investment remains. So let them run

    The position of Ragnarok is the position of the government. A thief should be in prison, and capital should work for our country.
    1. hydrox
      hydrox 8 March 2015 08: 35
      +2
      Quote: valokordin
      The position of Ragnarok is the position of the government.


      As long as there will be a Piber-thieves SYSTEM, within the framework of which the Pr-in works, theft will continue (with robbery!) And the export of capital!
  6. Armored optimist
    Armored optimist 8 March 2015 07: 34
    0
    When talking about the export of capital by foreign investors, I think it looks like this:
    1 - If this is the profit made here after paying all salaries and payments, then let them take it away, the main money is invested in production. The possibility of free withdrawal of profits attracts new investments.
    2. This is money received during a panic dumping of shares and the withdrawal of invested capital. So, if they sold, then someone bought it. If we are talking about the sale of shares, then the money from the initial sale of shares works in production, and the transfer of the right to receive income on them is the tenth matter.
    3. The panic dumping of shares by foreign investors, according to foreign experts, led to a huge transfer of ownership into the hands of our entrepreneurs and state corporations. This topic has not yet been explored.
    1. hydrox
      hydrox 8 March 2015 08: 50
      +1
      Quote: armored optimist
      The possibility of free withdrawal of profits attracts new investments.

      They said a lot of stupidity!
      As long as the sanctions are imposed (ie, BAN on FOREIGN investments (capital import) into Russia!), Then NO investments "from the outside" are impossible IN PRINCIPLE!
      Why, then, encourage the REMOVAL of capital, i.e. the secondary sanctions imposed by the Central Bank and indirectly EXCLUDING investments in Russia of NATIONAL capital
      1. Armored optimist
        Armored optimist 8 March 2015 09: 40
        -1
        Sanctions will not last forever. And they do not prevent many countries, such as China, from investing in Russia.
        1. saag
          saag 8 March 2015 09: 44
          +1
          Quote: armored optimist
          And they do not prevent many countries, such as China, from investing in Russia.

          "Fear the Danes who bring gifts"
  7. Evgeniy667b
    Evgeniy667b 8 March 2015 07: 38
    +2
    You can make controlled the export of capital, all mechanisms are known. Just something, who is supposed to do this-elementary all let the brakes down. What is the Guarantor, What is the Government silent? It's time, it's time ...
    1. hydrox
      hydrox 8 March 2015 08: 55
      0
      In the critical situation in which Russia found itself, to a large extent due to Western sanctions, CONTRAINANCES consisting in the ban on the export of capital would be very appropriate and thieves would be happy (no one will freeze and confiscate the stolen!), And Russia would be from this wouldn’t be as bad as the liber-sixth column of Russia seeks to do
  8. osv_osv
    osv_osv 8 March 2015 07: 43
    +2
    - The main question is whether a country needs speculative capital that does not work for the real sector of the economy.
    From my point of view, the psychological effect of such investments is also important.
    Exchanges, brokers, merchandisers, etc. - this is the garbage that brought investment capital to our homeland. And our press - what investments does it work for? wink .
    And if McDonald's and Coca-Cola run away, I will only be glad for this - the children will be healthier.
    And if the serious need for the deprivatization of enterprises.
    1. hydrox
      hydrox 8 March 2015 08: 56
      0
      Well, well, deprivatized - and then what? Nationalization?
  9. D-Master
    D-Master 8 March 2015 07: 54
    0
    I will not write anything about the causes and consequences of the outflow. I will only write that you need to look at the values ​​of capital outflow in the 2015 year. and based on this draw conclusions. I am absolutely sure that the trend of capital flight abroad will not be overcome in the next 10-15 years and investments in Russia will be at the level of 75-100 billion dollars starting from the 2020-25 year.
    1. 11111mail.ru
      11111mail.ru 8 March 2015 08: 20
      +1
      Quote: D-Master
      investments in Russia will be at the level of 75-100 billion dollars starting from 2020-25.

      Will we live? Again the old rake (speech of "Lukich" at the III Congress of the RKSM, Corn-bald communism in 1980, Humpback-marked separate apartments for each family in 2000).
      Here the author correctly pointed to the root of this trouble of the Russian Federation.
      Mainly capital flight is caused by the fact that Russia has become a neocolonial type of country, i.e. a country from which not only raw materials are pumped out, primarily oil and gas, but also financial resources. Author Semenkova

      Here are the accomplices of the "colonialists" to shorten the size of the head and the question will disappear by itself. Less than one percent of the population of the Russian Federation owns 30% of its resources. That's where the legs grow from. And while these "one-percent" and their accomplices "rule" Russia, it will only see the "loin parts" of these pigs, buried in a large feeding trough called the state power.
      1. saag
        saag 8 March 2015 08: 27
        0
        Quote: 11111mail.ru
        Here are the accomplices of the "colonialists" to shorten the size of the head and the question will disappear by itself.

        It is funny to read such posts, these methods were practiced at another time and in another country, and dreams of pulling one time over another cause nothing but surprise :-)
        1. 11111mail.ru
          11111mail.ru 8 March 2015 11: 21
          0
          Quote: saag
          dreams pull one time to another nothing but surprise:

          No, dear, the oligarchs and their entourage, with the successful implementation of this project, will be approved by applause of the rest of the population (99%) of the Russian Federation. By the way, you can ask Guy Suetonius Tranquill in the notes to the book "The Life of the Twelve Caesars", which means the term "ovation".
          1. saag
            saag 8 March 2015 19: 04
            +1
            Quote: 11111mail.ru
            No, dear, the oligarchs and their entourage, with the successful implementation of this project, will be approved by applause of the rest of the population (99%) of the Russian Federation.

            Historically, this happened in the form of a social revolution :-)
            1. 11111mail.ru
              11111mail.ru 9 March 2015 07: 04
              0
              Quote: saag
              Historically, this happened in the form social revolution:

              Marxism probably they were carried away in youth ...
              1. saag
                saag 9 March 2015 07: 15
                0
                Quote: 11111mail.ru
                Probably they were fond of Marxism in their youth ...

                no, I was lazy in terms of community service :-) was fond of radio technology :-)
    2. The comment was deleted.
  10. pamero
    pamero 8 March 2015 08: 05
    +1
    Yes, it has long been clear that people are in the executive branch, the government is clearly not for Russia from finance to education!
  11. 511
    511 8 March 2015 08: 21
    0
    Honest money, and this is earned rubles, no one is lucky to the west, and stolen rubles and converted into dollars are transferred to the west and stole from us. Therefore, we need a law to somehow track and confiscate dishonest funds. But here it turns out, hard worker money he keeps at home and the thief abroad, transfers to the accounts with all sorts of tricks to the west, and to whom it is fought if they are sitting in the Duma, they are in the governors, but as you know .. the raven will not peal out the crow. The whole root is that we are we’re to blame, we’ll choose anyone to power. We have a district of 24 thousand people and you know almost everyone, and so in the District Duma, two deputies are normal and eight are crooks. So further in increasing order. Here and think how to stop all this bacchanalia.
  12. midshipman
    midshipman 8 March 2015 08: 23
    +4
    The export of capital from the country is the death of production and the economy. The mechanisms that do not allow this are known. You can turn to academicians Glazyev, Ivanter, Kleiner, as well as to the employees of the Institute of Chemical Economy of the Russian Academy of Sciences (at least, to N.I. Kamkov). Is capital exported in China? No. In Germany, England, the United States export capital? No. I can continue to list countries that develop production, rather than stealing funds. Take, for example, the mood of the state to expand production - in 2014, China patented 938 thousand inventions and implemented them. RF only 38 thousand. And to us, according to the doctrine of President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin it is necessary to create an innovative economy and new 1 million jobs (high-performance). So, ladies and gentlemen, an economy aimed at developing the country is not being made. In the Government, apparently, they do not want to see real ways of its development. I have the honor.
  13. moskowit
    moskowit 8 March 2015 08: 24
    0
    Export of capital, an action that must be included in the article on treason. Should be punishable to the fullest extent of the law. Especially now. They came up with the stupid term "import substitution" and are worn with it like "fools with a written sack". To hell with everything they destroyed, they began to import everything, and now ... So the exported capital should be directed to the re-construction and development of what was and what was intentionally destroyed ...
  14. serg papillon
    serg papillon 8 March 2015 08: 48
    +2
    isn’t it easier to calculate the capital inflow to the Russian Federation and the withdrawal of capital from the country .. if the country is in the positive - everything is fine, if not then you need to do something urgently. It is foolish to compare the economy of the Russian Federation and the economy of the USA and Europe - you need to take protective mechanisms - so that political decisions of other countries did not collapse the Russian economy. If there are no protective mechanisms, then there are two options - either stupidity or betrayal of the interests of the people (making life easier for business at the expense of people) .. And in this case, we should expect a deterioration in the situation in the country. It's a pity another .. everything has long been known and that you can’t be trusted neither America nor Europe .. you can’t open your markets thoughtlessly .. you can’t allow dependence on the US dollar or other currency .. and much more .. There is world experience - even that China with the yuan exchange rate .. But they simply turned a blind eye to all this !!! Do we have the smartest government? ... and here it is the result !!! Who will answer ??? And where is the guarantee that after a while everything will not happen again in the worst case ???
  15. 31rus
    31rus 8 March 2015 10: 58
    +1
    Dear, what are you talking about? It’s all easier for those in power not to expect those people, it’s not worth waiting for something from them all
  16. Slovek
    Slovek 8 March 2015 11: 01
    +1
    It is high time for us to pass a law banning the export of capital from Russia, earned money in Russia, and spent in Russia. You don’t want to spend here, go to another country, there’s a new business system, if such a successful and cool businessman, then you can build a business in any country? (Or maybe weakly, without plundered Soviet property?)
  17. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 8 March 2015 11: 32
    0
    Is it possible to stop the flight of capital from Russia? ..

    Can. It would be a desire ... A recipe is very simple ...
  18. Volgarr
    Volgarr 8 March 2015 12: 20
    +1
    The government has no desire to stop this flow. Remember the squeals of the whole country of Dimka Medvedev when their capital was robbed in the banks of the Cyprus offshore, in the government of the patriots themselves there is no nichrome!
  19. fridge
    fridge 8 March 2015 12: 29
    +1
    The USSR, and then Russia, has been robbed by anyone since 1985. The government is going to privatize enterprises, it's just awful, dollars are being printed in bundles, and enterprises are real objects. We are confidently heading for collapse. Selling elite do not care about Russia. What is the use of the land where I was born, fought and live rich in resources, but it does not concern me and my people around me. A SHAME!
  20. Tribuns
    Tribuns 8 March 2015 14: 14
    +1
    The export of capital from Russia, oriented toward exporting raw materials from the country, and not the development of production, our liberal Government will not only stop, but will not even be able to slow down! This is the fate of the liberal economies of all countries serving the industrially strong West, as well as China ...
    Stalin at one time noted that only with a decisive turn from a predatory, liberal economy to a mobilization-industrialized country, a developing country would solve the problem of uncontrolled export of capital from the country without problems ...
  21. alicante11
    alicante11 8 March 2015 14: 19
    -1
    Damn, they attacked with their "capital outflow".
    Tell me, what is "capital"? First, it's good old money. If dollars in marketable quantities flow out of the country, this means that the country or its enterprises are paying off their debts. Which is always good.
    Secondly, these are the so-called "portfolio investments". That is, roughly speaking, stocks, bonds, etc. If we are talking about the reduction of foreign "portfolio investments", then we are talking about the fact that the securities of our industrial enterprises are being returned to Russian state or private owners. Isn't that bad? Not at all.
    Thirdly, capital is property. Now, if property is leaking from the country, it is bad. But how can factories, oil rigs, agricultural enterprises "flow away" from Russia? Even if an oil company or a large production association goes bankrupt, they will just go to a new owner. Gone are the days when enterprises went bankrupt to complete destruction (unless, of course, this is some kind of brewery).
    So there is nothing wrong with "capital flight", in principle, and cannot be. This simply suggests that our economy is switching to domestic investment resources and nothing more.
  22. Straight
    Straight 8 March 2015 14: 47
    +1
    Everyone understands that if we want to survive the battle with the West, then the capital flight from Russia must be stopped in any way. This is especially clear now that the war has essentially begun. And people withdrawing capital from Russia are simply enemies of Russia! (And those who allow it too)
  23. yuriy55
    yuriy55 8 March 2015 15: 44
    0
    But why not something? Yes, let it be exported at 13%, only exported in rubles ... hi
  24. fomkin
    fomkin 8 March 2015 19: 20
    0
    Here it is. Just why are you shy in a family name
  25. NordUral
    NordUral 8 March 2015 21: 49
    0
    It is possible, but subject to the restoration of socialism, or, for starters, the replacement of oligarchic capitalism with state capitalism with the nationalization of mineral resources, energy, the military-industrial complex, as the first stage of change.
  26. combin23
    combin23 9 March 2015 01: 38
    +1
    Quote: Skif83
    Not enough 30%?
    After all, it is not the retirement grandmothers' capitals that "run away".
    You can calculate the average income per person (including the income of all oligarchs), proceeding from it and allow the export, collecting the duty beforehand (here it is already possible and 30%).
    On one condition - I took out the capital remaining after taxes and duties, you yourself will always leave Russia!
    Because, there is no need for real patriots of their country to export their capital, I think this also applies to the Government of its allocation of funds from the Federal Reserve in the "valuable" bums of the United States, etc.
    And it will hurt so boldly for all sorts of Abramovichs, he’s squandered a billion (conditionally), 300 million were taken from you and rejoice?
    Will not work!

    Oh, look at the graphs and tables, according to which the country has been cleared for the trillion dollars over the past 10 years and honestly it’s not clear how the current government in which differs from the strength of 1,5 patriots from the government of the 90s?
  27. Bob
    Bob 9 March 2015 08: 49
    0
    "... In Russia, for many years and in today's difficult economic situation, the" liberal opposition "has insisted on currency liberalization. The leadership of the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation adheres to the same position. The consequences of such a policy - an ever increasing flow of capital abroad - are absolutely destructive for Russia ... "
    That's for sure!
    But I will correct that not only the Ministry of Finance adheres to this destructive position for the economy, but also the Central Bank and the government. How else to explain the introduction of free convertibility of the ruble in November 2014, when it was already a no brainer that a bull market and a steady downward trend in the value of the ruble had developed in the foreign exchange market ?! And this, in turn, fueled the interest of speculators and caused a currency and then an economic crisis in the country. As a result, we have exorbitant lending rates in the economy (the market has risen and became a serious constraint on economic growth), a multiple decrease in effective demand and trade volumes due to the policy of saving on wages (the so-called anti-crisis policy to "optimize" costs) with an inevitable decrease in the living standards of the population , a significant decrease in business activity of enterprises, which means employment of the population (as a delayed effect from the crisis for some time) and an increase in real (and not imaginary-drawn) unemployment and further impoverishment of broad strata of the population. The lack of reaction to a sharp increase in capital outflow from the country from the state leads only to further impoverishment of the state, as the graph above shows. This is a completely untenable policy pursued in the interests of foreign countries, primarily developed countries, where these capitals go, as well as the groups of people who take these capitals out of the country.
    Therefore, once again I want to correct the author, who writes about certain liberal forces, which are represented exclusively by the Ministry of Finance, that they say they represent a certain opposition bloc and take a destructive position. There is not only the Ministry of Finance, but also the Central Bank and the Government. Thus, the opposition settled in the center of financial and economic decision-making on the country's development strategy. And while this is so, further destruction of the financial, economic, and then social system of the country cannot be avoided ... We have already set out how to spend the reserve fund and the NWF, even calculated the time after which these reserves will run out - 2 years. And at the same time, not a penny is allocated to support the poor (I’m talking about 70% of citizens who feel the crisis, that is, the majority), and suffering from the antisocial policy of liberals who are seated in ministries and scribbling plans to further cut population incomes and increase in taxes (property, on roads, on gasoline, etc., etc.).
  28. Bob
    Bob 9 March 2015 08: 50
    0
    I consider the anti-social course of the liberals who have settled in the government, the Central Bank and the Ministry of Finance on reforms of finance, economics, education and medicine, aimed at their commercialization and withdrawal from the category of the public, as a pernicious policy, which in a crisis can become the last straw ... Social policy should be carried out in state, and this is shown by the experience of the same countries of Western Europe, where in the 20th century, in the second half, an acute crisis, both economic and social, was already unfolding, and this crisis was not overcome until the priorities changed - a person (not an oligarch and the bank, for the support of which reserve funds have now been printed and trillions of rubles are being spent) and economic growth through employment of a person in a competitive economy with a fair distribution of surplus value. The construction and further development of the oil and gas economy is a dead-end path, which has already led to the country's terrible dependence on Western capital and commodity markets, this transformation into a full-fledged colony controlled by Western business tycoons. Thus, the dawn of the state can never be ensured, you can only bring its decline closer. Russia is not Saudi Arabia, and we will never reach the heights of prosperity that we have there because of the low cost of Middle East oil, its huge reserves, easy extraction and transportation of oil. Thinking that things will get better soon, the sanctions will be lifted, the price of oil and the volume of foreign exchange earnings will increase, or China will become a "good" uncle, generously investing in the development of the country in exchange for the West - these are all pipe dreams. The West has its own interest - to maintain leadership in the world in any way, China has its own interest - to achieve a high level of development of science and technology and to ensure the well-being of its many citizens, while ensuring stable and sustainable development for many centuries to come, including on its own. boundaries ensuring order. To think that the confrontation with the West will end by 2017-2018. is an illusion. Thinking that China will raise the Russian economy with its investments is a return to the thinking of the 1990s, when the same hopes were pinned on the West, which then promised both technologies and investments, only demanded a lot in return and immediately - economic liberalization, disarmament, and as a result of complete controllability and the loss of sovereignty, which is what we have now. And Russia did not receive investments as well as Western technologies ... The opposite is true - there was deindustrialization (destruction of industry and agriculture) and a financial crisis that has not stopped since 2007.
  29. Erg
    Erg 9 March 2015 09: 57
    0
    I see everything easier. A bunch of people on behalf of Russia makes some kind of loans, "invests" them somewhere (half in their pocket), thereby selling the country and ensuring a cloudless future for themselves. They sold us into financial slavery, forced us to play by someone else's rules, without any hope of ever "paying off". Amusing. how these rascals clothe their betrayal in economic abstruse terms, trying to powder the brain of the people, to show how not easy Rosseyushka (and of course they too) will be in these "terrible economic conditions."
  30. Erg
    Erg 9 March 2015 10: 12
    0
    I'm tired of listening to these, I don't even know what to call, "economists". If we translate their nonsense into normal language, then it follows that we need to thank them very much for being alive at all ... And this, undoubtedly, is their "great merit". Yes. After all, they are the ones who think day and night how to "save and raise the country."
  31. Alexander I
    Alexander I 9 March 2015 11: 37
    +1
    The easiest way. To collect all the liberals and rulers of the Central Bank and the Ministry of Finance on the reforms of finance, economics, education and medicine in Kalym introduce a market economy to them. A glass of tea is three million, shonka five ITD will immediately begin the influx and end the outflow.
  32. Straight
    Straight 9 March 2015 13: 29
    0
    At a time like this, the question should be posed differently - the export of capital MUST be stopped!
  33. ShaLyapin42310
    ShaLyapin42310 9 March 2015 14: 57
    0
    The amounts are certainly huge, and you need to fight! But still for comparison: the largest annual capital outflow - in the past 2014 amounted to 153 billion rubles, and income
    the federal budget of Russia in 2014 amounted to 13 570 (expenses -13,960) rubles -almost 100 times more

    Seriously take care and work on it, you need to panic - no. (In addition, sanctions from last year should not be discounted).
  34. ShaLyapin42310
    ShaLyapin42310 9 March 2015 16: 08
    0
    Yes. looked, compared with the budget: the picture is unpleasant, not to say - terrifying. It turns out that the revenues of the federal budget of Russia in 2014 amounted to 13 570 (expenses even more -13,960) billion rubles, which at the current rate is a little more than $ 200 billion? And they exported 150 billion green, which is comparable to almost 3/4 of the budget. Or am I confusing something?