Military Review

Russian shipbuilders are increasingly focused on military orders

Shipbuilding in the Russian Federation is increasingly focused on military orders. Despite the fact that more civilian ships were built, 80% of the proceeds to shipyards brought warships, reports Kommersant.

“In 2014, the volume of orders executed by Russian shipbuilders fell by 41% to 177 ships. The number of built ships decreased in both civilian and military sectors - shipyards handed over 112 civilian ships (63% of the total portfolio) and 65 warships, in 2013, these figures were at the level of 170 (56%) and 131 ship, respectively. But in monetary terms, the market declined relative to the level of 2013 of the year by only 3%, to 219,9 billion rubles, ”the newspaper said the agency Infoline-Analytics.

This was due to military orders, which accounted for about 80% (177,7 billion rubles) of the total portfolio. “For example, last year, Severodvinsk“ Sevmash ”handed over two nuclear submarines with a total value of 61 billion rubles, while the value of completed civil orders fell by 26,5% to 44,1 billion rubles,” writes “Kommersant”.

This year, the upward trend in the share of military orders continues. In the opinion of Mikhail Burmistrov, the head of Infoline-Analytics, in 2015 the value of civilian orders will drop to 15%.

“With a sharp increase in interest rates on loans and leasing and stagnation in industry, the demand for ships from Russian customers will decrease,” he said and emphasized that “lower oil prices and sanctions are fraught with the transfer of projects on the shelf and threaten the construction of Russian shipyards tanker fleetserving vessels and platforms. ”

A number of shipbuilders agreed with this, noting that “the prospect of a full launch of the“ Super Dock ”Zvezda in the Far East (the Rosneft project, USC and GPB) in 2018 looks quite vague, taking into account the delayed construction and the unformed portfolio of orders.”

“There are problems with the construction of offshore equipment on the Astrakhan Rosshelf. For example, in 2014, the LSP-1 platform, ordered by LUKOIL, was put into the sea far from the final stage of readiness and is now being completed on a rotational basis, ”newspaper sources said.

“As a result,” the interlocutors of Kommersant noted, “in the industry, the largest shipyards (Sevmash, Severnaya Verf, Admiralty Shipyards, etc.), traditionally focused on the state defense order, continue to pay him the most attention.” And other capacities capable of performing civil orders have not yet been created.

“Civilian direction often develops in the framework of not the largest shipyards, such as the Oka Shipyard,” said one source. Another interviewee said: “Now, in the absence of competencies for the construction of complex offshore and civilian equipment, it is obvious that orders for it will continue to be sent to foreign, primarily Korean shipyards, and there are no real, not planned, prerequisites for a turning point.”

Sources added that amid the reduction in defense spending, military orders could be reduced. It is planned to allocate 2020 trillion for the re-equipment of the Navy to 4,7. rub. First of all, funds should be spent on the purchase of new types of ships (surface and submarine), as well as repairs and upgrades.

“But the unstable economic situation can intervene: more than 2017 billion rubles have already been transferred under the state program beyond the 500 line of the year, and this practice will be used in the future,” a government source told Kommersant.

In addition, Deputy Defense Minister Yury Borisov said in 2013 that “the fleet needs ships with a lifetime of not 30, but 50 years, capable of going through five to six upgrades”. Thus, “the military will strive to move away from the practice of buying a large number of ships, and this position in the Ministry of Defense has remained unchanged,” the newspaper concludes.
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  1. Motherland Russia
    Motherland Russia 5 March 2015 12: 54
    Strike while the iron is hot.
    Russia must always remain a maritime power.
    1. Portoss
      Portoss 5 March 2015 12: 56
      5 minutes ago I read this article in Kommersant. The military actually loaded the shipyards. But the Nikolaev shipyards are still not enough to start building their own aircraft carrier as soon as possible.
      1. Vladimirets
        Vladimirets 5 March 2015 13: 06
        Quote: Portoss
        But Nikolaev shipyards are still not enough to quickly begin to build their aircraft carrier.

        Are there still those who can build it?
      2. vodolaz
        vodolaz 5 March 2015 13: 09
        Quote: Portoss
        5 minutes ago I read this article in Kommersant. The military actually loaded the shipyards. But the Nikolaev shipyards are still not enough to start building their own aircraft carrier as soon as possible.

        Yeah, I thought the same thing.
        1. Cap-3 USSR
          Cap-3 USSR 5 March 2015 14: 16
          Is it possible to compare in quantity, in shipbuilding. Previously, for the year they summed up the tonnage of the released ships. Is it possible to compare boats for example with nuclear submarines.
          During the time that the nuclear submarine is being built, more than a dozen boats can be riveted.
    2. kr33sania
      kr33sania 5 March 2015 13: 00
      Yes, time! - And the recession is economic, and a lot of ships have to be riveted, to the "joy" of the foe. And much more!
    3. Giant thought
      Giant thought 5 March 2015 13: 15
      The Russian fleet should be oceanic, as in Soviet times, so our shipyards should be loaded at all 100%.
      1. siberalt
        siberalt 5 March 2015 13: 19
        And many passengers in the USSR sailed across the oceans? Maybe you have data on passenger traffic on Soviet ocean liners, then give a link.
        1. Nissa-on
          Nissa-on 5 March 2015 13: 54
          Offhand: "Mikhail Svetlov" tu-tuuuu))))))

          What passenger traffic, only tourism. But the river fleet, yes, there really was passenger traffic
      2. Mechanic
        Mechanic 5 March 2015 13: 26
        I agree. Moreover, all 100 percent should be warships!
    4. The comment was deleted.
    5. Siberian German
      Siberian German 5 March 2015 13: 38
      this is very bad - it turns out that the new civilian vessels in our country are mostly imported - like airplanes - and this is money that is fed not by Russian workers but
      French and Fritz Koreans - a mess
      1. Nissa-on
        Nissa-on 5 March 2015 13: 58
        Why bad? Shipyards are ALL loaded with work. Military orders are quality control.
        We can’t keep up with the Koreans, the niche of domestic shipbuilding is unique ships: nuclear icebreakers, floating nuclear power plants, ice-resistant drilling rigs.
    6. Denis fj
      Denis fj 5 March 2015 14: 53
      So sometimes you think about the State Planning Commission ... Not always the market is good!
  2. taseka
    taseka 5 March 2015 12: 56
    It’s also necessary to fly to the USA along sea routes too - the banner of victory over Congress is getting closer !!!
  3. Teberii
    Teberii 5 March 2015 12: 56
    The rearmament of the fleet must be pre-owned.
    1. FACKtoREAL
      FACKtoREAL 5 March 2015 13: 08
      belay and let the rest (with rearmament) "sideways"? crying
  4. Portoss
    Portoss 5 March 2015 12: 58
    Quote: Teberii
    The rearmament of the fleet must be pre-owned.

    Is it like that?
    1. Teberii
      Teberii 5 March 2015 13: 06
      The fleet is a very knowledge-intensive process, while our fleet is becoming obsolete, and tanks cannot roll across the ocean
  5. kursk87
    kursk87 5 March 2015 12: 58
    We need serious government support. A strong fleet is one of the guarantors of security
    1. Penelope
      Penelope 5 March 2015 13: 29
      The more orders shipbuilders, including the military, have, the less unemployed there are in the country, which means life will be better, here it is the locomotive of our welfare - the state defense order.
  6. saniajan
    saniajan 5 March 2015 13: 02
    How many stood idle, how much now to catch up!
  7. Wolka
    Wolka 5 March 2015 13: 02
    slowly but surely
  8. barclay
    barclay 5 March 2015 13: 07
    Despite the fact that the navy and an expensive toy, Russia needs a fleet. Without it, Russia will be vulnerable. I would like more ships, both different and faster. We build very slowly (it seems to me).
  9. Corsair0304
    Corsair0304 5 March 2015 13: 07
    I support members of the forum that Russia should have a strong navy. BUT! In no case should you lose your position in the civilian sector of shipbuilding. Each order at a shipyard of another country is money in someone else's pocket, and we don't have a lot of them anyway. We need to think something about bringing to mind the Zvezda shipyard in the Far East.
    1. veksha50
      veksha50 5 March 2015 13: 18
      Quote: Corsair0304
      Each order at a shipyard in another country is money in someone else’s pocket,

      Not only ... This is also a loss of the pace of the return of old and the achievements of new technologies, training and education of young, highly professional specialists of all levels ... Without a fleet (not only military, but also civilian) Russia cannot return imperial greatness ... And as you want !!!
  10. SteelRatTV
    SteelRatTV 5 March 2015 13: 10
    So wasn’t this what PETRA’s dream was !!! hi
  11. Roman 1977
    Roman 1977 5 March 2015 13: 34
    Well, very good. This year the Navy should receive:
    Surface ships:
    -frigate project 22350 "Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Gorshkov" (November 2015)

    - frigate pr. 22350 "Admiral of the Fleet Kasatonov". Launched on 12.12.2014. Launched in a high degree of readiness. A superstructure and a helicopter hangar have been formed. Body painted. Given the timing of the transfer of the Gorshkov to the fleet, most likely not.

    The frigate Admiral of the Fleet Kasatonov, located at the wall of the Severnaya Verf Shipbuilding Plant OJSC, is the second ship of Project 22350. St. Petersburg, January 2015
    -SKR project 11356 "Admiral Grigorovich" is undergoing mooring tests. Estimated date of delivery is spring.

    The lead frigate of the modified project 11356 "Admiral Grigorovich" completed by the construction for the Russian Navy in the floating dock of JSC "Baltic Shipbuilding Plant" Yantar "for painting the hull and carrying out" strapping "for demagnetization. Kaliningrad, 18.02.2015/2015/XNUMX. The start of factory sea trials of the ship is expected in March XNUMX year
    -SKR pr. 11356 "Admiral Essen" (Black Sea Fleet) -possible, but unlikely (?)
    -SKR pr. 11356 "Admiral Makarov". Withdrawn from the boathouse. Equipment saturation is in progress. The final stage of the formation of the body. Most likely this year they will launch, but the fleet will be handed over to the next.
    -the corvette of the project 20385 "Thundering" (SF) -planned this year, but has not yet been launched into the water, plus problems with the German MTU engines
    -corvette pr.20380 "Perfect" (Pacific Fleet) -possibly, the probability is extremely small, has not yet been launched
    -BDK pr. 11771 "Ivan Gren". The ship is being completed afloat; mooring trials are scheduled for April.
    -MRK pr. 21631 "Green Dol" (Black Sea Fleet)
    -MRK pr. 21631 "Serpukhov" (Black Sea Fleet)
    -BTShch pr. 12700 "Alexandrite" "Alexander Obukhov". Mooring tests are underway. The approximate completion date is the IV quarter of 2015.
    -DKA pr. 21820 "Dugong" "Lieutenant Rimsky-Korsakov" (BF)
    -DKA pr. 21820 "Dugong" "Midshipman Lermontov" (BF)
    -5 patrol boats of the project 03160 "Raptor" (Black Sea Fleet) 3 are being tested, the first one should be commissioned in the first quarter).
    -patrol boat pr.BK-16 (CSF)-passes the test
    -B-262 "Stary Oskol" pr. 636.6 (Black Sea Fleet is undergoing mooring trials. According to plan, June 2015
    -B-265 "Krasnodar" pr. 636.6 (Black Sea Fleet). According to the plan, it should be launched in April, transferred to the Navy in November
    Total: 2 DEPL, 11 surface ships (6 exactly) and 8 boats.
    1. Roman 1977
      Roman 1977 5 March 2015 13: 58
      -Rescue vessel pr. 21300S "Igor Belousov"

      -Oceanographic vessel of project 22010 "Yantar"

      - Project 18280 medium reconnaissance ship "Yuri Ivanov"

      From the repair plan to withdraw:
      - RRC pr. 1164 "Marshal Ustinov"
      1 December 2014, the official representative of the Zvezdochka shipyard, Yevgeny Gladyshev, announced that in the third quarter of 2015, the ship will begin the implementation of the factory running test program. In the fourth quarter of the ship will be transferred to the Navy

      - BOD pr. 1155 "Admiral Tributs" (Pacific Fleet) 30.06.2015/XNUMX/XNUMX

      - RKO pr. 1166.1 "Tatarstan" (KFL)

      - BDK pr. 775 "Oslyabya" (Pacific Fleet)
      - training ship pr. 877 "Perekop" - being repaired in Bulgaria until August 2015.
      - nuclear submarine pr.945A "Condor" B-336 "Pskov" (Northern Fleet)
      - diesel-electric submarines pr. 877 "Alrosa" (Black Sea Fleet)

      - diesel-electric submarines pr. 877 B-459 "Vladikavkaz" (repair and modernization)
  12. Boa kaa
    Boa kaa 5 March 2015 13: 52
    Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov said in 2013 that "the fleet needs ships with a life of not 30, but 50 years, capable of undergoing five or six modernizations"
    Why not 10 !?
    It would be better if he went about his business: he would rivet the tanks, but he would not climb into the shipbuilding with boots.
    Why am I? And here's what: sea water is an electrolyte! The car travels through the winter on reagents and then you look where the corrosion has gone. And the ship has more induced electromagnetic fields than a bobby of fleas. Electrochemical corrosion of metal, even with ideal (difficult to achieve!) Protection, is still going on. Look, the Americans are not stupid, but their Ticonderogs "rotted"! Boats also have issues with seabed and outboard fittings. (case 48-50 mm, slowly, but also corrodes). So 2, maximum 3 upgrades can be done, but not more. In 30 years, both ships and weapons will be different. And after half a century ??? It's like making a new vest from old pants!
    the military will strive to abandon the practice of purchasing a large number of ships, and this position in the Ministry of Defense has remained unchanged
    It will be a normal practice to order a series of ships capable of performing the tasks assigned to the fleet with a certain efficiency. Superfluous is not needed, but also the minimum necessary - give and do not sin! Otherwise the NATO "thorns" will rub against the country's sea borders in caravans. And given the range of the Axes, they will just take the OS under the gun in Siberia.
    Since childhood, I was touched by the phrase: "The border is locked!" BUT THE FLEET IS LOCATED THOUSANDS OF KILOMETERS AHEAD OF THE BORDER POSTS!
    Here is the conclusion: Russia needs a modern fleet that will give time to the strategic nuclear forces to prepare for a retaliatory strike against the peddlers of democracy. IMHO.
    1. VALERIK_097
      VALERIK_097 5 March 2015 14: 35
      Dear Boa Kaa, on orders undergoing scheduled dock repairs, all tread protection is disconnected, and everywhere (tanks are opened, etc., etc.) it changes to new blocks, after leaving at least 5 days, they hang on the demagnet. DBA is also dismantled and defective glasses requiring repair are welded and processed on order by portable machines. Moreover, hydraulic tests are carried out for strength and density in accordance with the requirements constructiondocumentation.
      Well, something like this
      Yes, you forgot about painting the body, well, that's another story.
      1. Nissa-on
        Nissa-on 5 March 2015 15: 01
        Thanks for the reply.
        And then I sit thinking how it all "Ticonderogi" rotted away from the amers.
        And "Coral SI" which (I can be wrong) went all over the Pacific Ocean at the end of the 80s, and was completed in 40. It almost managed to reach 2 MV.
  13. NEXUS
    NEXUS 5 March 2015 13: 55
    it’s good that the shipyards are loading more and more with military orders ... due to political trends and threats, the fleet should be ready to adequately and efficiently respond to them and carry out any tasks. We can only rejoice at the fact that they have finally taken seriously their fleet, and not a fleet of Indians or Chinese ... good
  14. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 5 March 2015 17: 03
    Russia is a continental power.
    In the case of wars, the Baltic Fleet becomes clogged instantly and tightly,
    as it was already several times, the Black Sea - too, the North -
    if you manage to break into the Atlantic, you will be lucky.
    Pacific - probably only from Sakhalin can go into the ocean.

    Nuclear submarines with ICBMs have the direct sense of constantly keeping the oceans on duty,
    well, frigates for coastal defense,
    and large surface ships - money completely thrown to the wind.
    1. Termit1309
      Termit1309 6 March 2015 07: 57
      Large and should be based on the Pacific and North. By the way, carefully look at the globe recourse Learn a lot. For example, how to get from Murmansk to Vladivostok bypassing the Atlantic. Well, or that in the east there is still Kamchatka, the Kuril Islands ...