Chronicles of the Second World War: women in war

The countries-participants of the Second World War made every effort to win. Many women voluntarily enrolled in the armed forces or performed traditional male work at home, in enterprises and at the front. Women worked in factories and in government organizations, were active participants in resistance groups and support units. Relatively few women fought directly on the front line, but many were victims of bombing and military incursions. By the end of the war, more than 2 millions of women worked in the military industry, hundreds of thousands voluntarily went to the front as nurses or joined the army. In the USSR alone, about 800 thousands of women served in military units on a par with men. This photo essay presents photographs of what had to be moved and sustained by women who took an active part in the hostilities of World War II.

The symbol of the defense of Sevastopol was the Soviet sniper Lyudmila Pavlichenko, who killed 309 German soldiers. Pavlichenko is considered the most successful female sniper in stories. (AP Photo)

Film director Leni Riefenstahl looks into the lens of a large video camera while preparing to shoot the Imperial Party Congress in Germany in 1934. The film “Triumph of the Will”, which will later become the best campaign film in history, will be edited from the footage. (LOC)

Japanese women are looking for possible defects in sleeves in a factory in Japan, September 30 1941. (AP Photo)

US Army (Corps) Women's Army Corps poses at Camp Shanks, New York, before leaving the port of New York, 2 February 1945. The first contingent of African American female military personnel went to war abroad. From left to right in the squat: Private Rose Stone, Private Virginia Blake and 1 Private Class Marie B. Gillisspay. Second row: Private Genevieve Marshall, 5-grade technician Fanny L. Talbert and Corporal Kelly K. Smith. Third row: Private Gladys Schuster Carter, 4 class technician Evelyn C. Martin and 1 class ordinary Theodore Palmer. (AP Photo)

Female workers inspect a partially inflated balloon in New Bedford, Massachusetts, 11 May 1943. All parts of the balloon must be sealed by the appropriate employees, the head of the department, and the main inspector, who gives final approval. (AP Photo)

American nurses in gas masks are training at Fort Jay, Governors Island, New York, November 27 1941. In the background, through a cloud of smoke, New York skyscrapers are seen. (AP Photo)

Three Soviet partisans during the Second World War, the USSR. (LOC)

Military personnel of the female part of the British army (Auxiliary Territorial Service) in warm winter clothes are searched by German bombers near London, January 19 1943, searching for a searchlight. (AP Photo)

The German pilot, Captain Hannah Raitsch, shakes hands with German Chancellor Adolf Hitler after receiving the Iron Cross of the II degree in the Reich Chancellery in Berlin, Germany, April 1941. Wrights was honored with this award for merit in the development of aerial weapons during the Second World War. In the background in the center is the Reichsmarschall Hermann Goering, and in the background to the right is Lieutenant General Karl Bodenschatz. (AP Photo)

Female artists in a hurry copied propaganda posters of the Second World War in the city of Port Washington, New York, 8 July 1942 year. Original drawings hang a wall in the background. (AP Photo / Marty Zimmerman)

SS soldiers hold under arrest a group of young women, fighters of the Jewish resistance, during the liquidation of the Warsaw ghetto after the uprising of the Jewish population in April and May 1943 of the year. (AP Photo)

More and more women are joining the ranks of the Luftwaffe as part of a general draft campaign. They replace men who were deployed in the army to fight the advancing Allied forces. In the photo: women train with the men from the Luftwaffe, Germany, December 7 1944. (AP Photo)

Specially selected female pilots from the female Air Force (Women's Auxiliary Air Force) are trained to serve in the police. In the photo: a female Air Force member demonstrates self-defense techniques, January 15, 1942. (AP Photo)

In the Philippines, the first detachment of female partisans was formed. In the photo: residents of the Philippines, who took place in the local women's training, are training with a rifle in Manila, November 8, 1941. (AP Photo)

The Italian “Maquis” were virtually unknown to the outside world, although they fought against the fascist regime from 1927 onwards. They fought for freedom in the most dangerous conditions. Their enemies were Germans and Fascists-Italians, and the battlefield was the mountain tops on the border between France and Italy, covered with permafrost. In the photo: the school teacher is fighting shoulder to shoulder with her husband over the Little Saint Bernard mountain pass in Italy, January 4, 1945. (AP Photo)

Women from the corps of defense form the sign "Victoria" with water from crossed fire hoses during a demonstration of their skills in Gloucester, Massachusetts, November 14 1941 of the year. (AP Photo)

A nurse is bandaging a hand to a Chinese soldier during a battle at the front along the Salween River in Yunnan Province, June 22, 1943. Another soldier came on crutches to get first aid. (AP Photo)

Female workers clean the transparent nose pieces of A-20J bomber at the plant of the aircraft manufacturer Douglas Aircraft in Long Beach, California, October 1942. (AP Photo / Office of War Information)

American film actress Veronica Lake shows what can happen to female workers who wear long hair while working at a machine in a factory in the US, November 9 1943 of the year. (AP Photo)

Zenitchitsy from the female part of the British army (Auxiliary Territorial Service) are running into position after the alarm in London, May 20, 1941. AP Photo)

Women from the German anti-aircraft forces speak on field phones during the Second World War. (LOC)

Young Soviet tractor drivers from Kyrgyzstan successfully replaced their friends, brothers and fathers who went to the front. In the photo: the tractor driver harvests the sugar beet harvest, 26 August 1942. (AP Photo)

77-year-old Mrs. Paul Titus, a Bax County aerial observer, holds a shotgun and inspects its site, December 20 1941. Mrs. Titus recruited the day after the attack on Pearl Harbor. "I can hold in my hands weapon any time it is needed, ”she said. (AP Photo)

Polish women in steel helmets and military uniforms march through the streets of Warsaw, preparing to defend the capital when the Germans launched an offensive against Poland, 16 September 1939 of the year. (AP Photo)

Nurses clean the hospital ward of St.. Petra to Stepney, East London, April 19 1941. During a large-scale air raid on London, German bombs, among other buildings, hit four hospitals. (AP Photo)

Photojournalist of Life magazine Margaret Bourke-White in flight gear stands near the Allied Flying Fortress plane during her business trip in February 1943 of the year. (AP Photo)

German soldiers lead Polish women to the place of execution in the forest, 1941 year. (LOC)

Students at Northwestern University study in the courtyard of their university in Evanston, Illinois, 11 in January 1942. From left to right: 18-year-old Jeanne Paul from Oak Park, Illinois, 18-year-old Virginia Paisley, and 19-year-old Maria Walsh from Lakewood, Ohio, 20-year-old Sarah Robinson from Jonesboro, Arkansas, 17-year-old Vy, Lesnie Ers, Paul X-Numx, Sarah Robinson, Jonesboro, Arkansas, 17-year-old. Chicago and XNUMX-year-old Harriet Ginsberg. (AP Photo)

Nurses undergo training in gas masks - one of the many types of training for beginners - in the territory of one of the hospitals, waiting for departure to the permanent location in Wales, 26 May 1944 of the year. (AP Photo)

Film actress Ida Lupino, Lieutenant of the Women's Ambulance and Defense Corps, sits by a telephone switchboard in Brentwood, California, on January 3, 1942. In an emergency, she can contact all the emergency rooms in the city. The switchboard is in her house, from where she can see all of Los Angeles. (AP Photo)

The first contingent of US nurses sent to their allied forward base in New Guinea, is heading for the camp with things, November 12 of 1942 of the year. The first four girls from right to left are Edith Whitteker from Pawtucket, Rhode Island, Ruth Boucher from Worcester, Ohio, Helen Lawson from Athens, Tennessee and Juanita Hamilton from Hendersonville, North Carolina. (AP Photo)

Members of the United States House of Representatives at almost full strength listen to Madame Chiang Kai-shek, the wife of the Chinese generalissimo, who asks to make maximum efforts to stop the Japanese offensive, in Washington, DC, February 18, 1943. (AP Photo / William J. Smith)

Nurses disembarking from the landing craft go along the beach in Normandy, France, July 4, 1944. They are sent to the field hospital to assist wounded Allied soldiers. (AP Photo)

French men and women shoot German weapons confiscated during the battle of French troops and civilians against German invaders in the rear in Paris in August 1944, shortly before the surrender of the German army and the liberation of Paris. (AP Photo)

A man and a woman pick up a weapon from a wounded German soldier during a skirmish on the street in the rear just before the Allied forces entered Paris, 1944. (AP Photo)

Elizabeth "Lilo" Gloden was brought to trial on charges of involvement in the assassination of Hitler in July 1944. Elizabeth, as well as her mother and husband, was convicted of hiding a participant in the July 20 Conspiracy party to assassinate Hitler. All three were beheaded on November 30 1944 of the year. Their execution received wide publicity and served as a warning to those who were going to conspire against the German ruling party. (LOC)

Romanian civilians, men and women, are digging anti-tank ditches in the border zone, preparing to repel the offensive of the Soviet troops. (AP Photo)

Miss Jean Pitcaiti, a nurse from the New Zealand medical unit based in Libya, wore special glasses to protect her eyes from the sand, 18 June 1942 of the year. (AP Photo)

62-I army on the streets of Odessa in April 1944. A large detachment of Soviet soldiers, including two women, are marching along the street. (LOC)

The girl from the resistance movement is involved in the operation to detect the German snipers who are still hiding in Paris, France, August 29 1944. Two days earlier, this girl shot and killed two German soldiers. (AP Photo)

French patriots cut their hair at the Grande Guillotte collaborator from Normandy, France, July 10, 1944. The man on the right is not without pleasure watching the sufferings of the woman. (AP Photo)

More than 40 thousands of women and children suffering from typhus, famine and dysentery, were freed by the British from concentration camps. In the photo: women and children sit in the barracks in the camp “Bergen-Belsen”, Germany, April 1945. (AP Photo)

Women from the SS who did not lag behind in cruelty from their male colleagues in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Bergen, Germany, 21 April 1945. (AP Photo / British Official Photo)

A Soviet woman engaged in cleaning the field, to which shells have recently fallen, shows a fist to German prisoners of war led by Soviet escorts, USSR, February 14, 1944. (AP Photo)

Suzy Bane poses for a photographer with her portrait 1943 of the year in Austin, Texas, 19 June 2009 of the year. During the Second World War, Bane served in the Women's Pilot Service of the United States Air Force. 10 March 2010 more than 200 of the currently living members of the Female Pilot Service of the US Air Force were awarded the Gold Medal of the US Congress. (AP Photo / Austin American Statesman, Ralph Barrera)
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    1. +4
      23 September 2011 12: 12
      Stuffed with pictures of western ladies who dopped more than actually fought. Photos of Russian women who pulled out the wounded under bullets, plowed in the fields and factories, shot anti-aircraft guns at German planes are absent, so the role of women in the war is not disclosed. Russian women - bow to the earth !!!
      1. LESHA pancake
        23 September 2011 13: 52
    2. His
      23 September 2011 16: 23
      Shame on women fighting
      1. 0
        23 September 2011 17: 38
        Well, this is not something that would be a shame, I do not quite agree. It is very sad that our beautiful women are engaged in such a dirty business. Although, on the other hand, look, they know how to fight, how strong women are in our country. In general, I believe that Russian women are the property of Russia, nowhere are there like ours =) Women we love you =)
      2. LESHA pancake
        25 September 2011 06: 56
    3. Tyumen
      23 September 2011 19: 45
      I have a grandmother’s Red Army book, it’s sad to leaf through - bike shorts, warmed pants, hat, rifle, passport issued in 45g. And the fact that women fought is not a shame, they just did EVERYTHING to win.
    4. SL.Kocegar
      20 October 2011 10: 40
      Read "War does not have a woman's face" by Svetlana Aleksievich this is where the realities of women's destinies are
    5. sirToad
      20 October 2011 11: 48
      mostly advertising photos of "civilized" countries with an abundance of Germanic ones. pleased the Frenchman - before the Germans, go and take off his hat and then decided to recoup the girl. eroi! I remembered my deceased grandmother - she worked the whole war on a lorry and a half. I was small - I look at the pictures, I ask - "why is the truck so small?" and she replied - they say, "and put on a three-ton, but by the end of the shift the steering wheel slipped out of the hands" and then so routinely, she told how one engine had to be disassembled in the cold.
    6. +1
      5 February 2015 18: 54
      and our women are still the best! bow to them! sorry here a little photo.

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