Near the exposition of the corporation “Tactical Missile Armament” at MAKS-2011 always crowded the people. The spectators were literally fascinated by the perfection of form and the beauty of aircraft and ship rockets. And the specialists were intrigued by the tactical and technical characteristics of the new products on display.
The current 10 International Aviation and Space Salon has become the fifth for Tactical Missiles Corporation. But if you start from the predecessor of the corporation, the state research and production center Zvezda – Strela, the rocket engineers have participated in all MAKS, starting with the very first in 1993.
The first MAX 1993 of the year was successful for the Zvezda – Strela State Research Center. Specialists from different countries were interested in the first-demonstrated X-35E anti-ship missile (the letter E in the names of all types of weapons means “export”) for the Uran-E ship-borne missile system (RCC). A new promising complex immediately attracted the attention of Indian sailors. And an amazing thing: usually negotiations with the Indians stretch for several years, and here in the next, 1994, the contract was signed for the supply of URK-E to the Indian Navy. This testifies to the high combat qualities and effectiveness of the ship complex, its relevance and relevance.
The first half of the 1990-x was a failure for the Russian defense industry. The contract with India helped ZNTZ Zvezda – Strela not only to hold out, to keep the enterprise and personnel, and to establish the serial production of new products. The money received was used prudently and for the future - they were sent to the preparation of mass production of the AAC. In 1996, on the destroyer of the Indian Navy "Delhi", the first Uran-E complex was installed. Then he began equipping them and other ships. And after India and other countries have paid attention to this. weapon.
So, Tactical Missiles Corporation has no doubts about the need to participate in the air show. Participates always and very actively. As an integrated structure, the corporation announced itself at MAKS-2003. Then it consisted of six enterprises that had long-standing industrial relations. And at the 2005 showroom of the year, 14 enterprises presented their products as part of the overall exhibition. Including such recognized suppliers of precision weapons (WTO) as ICD Vympel, ICD Raduga, SNNP Region, which were at the origins of new trends in the development of modern weapons. These three whales together with the head enterprise, reinforced by the power of the united intellect, brought the Tactical Missile Armament Corporation to a fundamentally new level corresponding to the world's largest leaders in the industry. And it is not surprising that the corporation consistently ranks among the hundred leading arms firms in the world.
Now in the corporation 18 large enterprises. This is a unified technological complex formed by a system of design bureaus, pilot and serial plants providing a closed production-technological and operational cycle for the development, production, testing, after-sales service, repair, modernization, recycling of supplied samples. And based on the tradition of design and production, developed more than a dozen years.
13 March 2002 of the year issued a decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 149 “On the creation of the open joint stock company Tactical Missiles Corporation.” In addition to the Zvezda – Strela State Research and Production Center, it included the state enterprises Omsk Plant Avtomatika, the Machine-Building Design Bureau Iskra, the Ural Design Bureau of Detal, the Plant Krasny Hydropress, and Turaevskoye Machine-Building OJSC design office "Union". In the future, the corporation was significantly expanded in accordance with the decrees of the President of the Russian Federation No. 591 of 9 in May 2004 of the year and No. 930 of 20 in July of 2007 of the year.
But given that the foundation of the corporation was the Zvezda – Strela State Research and Production Center, the countdown stories The enterprises should start from 3 June 1942, when the All-Union Plant No. 455 of the Second Main Directorate of the People's Commissariat for Aviation Industry was established by a GKO decree in the Moscow Region.
In 1955, the plant received a task to create air-to-air missile systems. Serial production of the first Russian guided missile air-to-air missile RS-1-U to equip the MiG-17PFU and Yak-25П fighters was mastered at the enterprise in 1956 year.
17 May 1957 of the year on the basis of the serial design department of the plant number 455 was established design bureau. In 1960, the plant launched an anti-aircraft guided missile for the Kub air defense system and air-to-air missiles Р-8М, Р-8М1Р, Р-8М1Т, К-98, К-98МР, К-98МТ, Р- 4, P-40. Simultaneously with the combat missiles, the plant produced the small-size IC-59 (Olen), IC-60 (Hare) target missiles, which were intended to train the flight personnel of combat units using the air-to-air missiles.
30 April 1966 Plant No. 455 was renamed to Kaliningrad Machine-Building Plant (KMZ). The name Kaliningrad bore the city of Korolev before 1996. In November, 1976, the plant became the Kaliningrad Production and Design Association "Strela". December 26 The 1994 of the year was merged by the state unitary enterprise “KMZ“ Strela ”and OKB“ Zvezda ”. In 1995, the name of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise "State Research and Production Center" Zvezda – Strela "(FSUE" GNPT "Zvezda – Strela") was approved after this industrial formation. And since March 2003, the center has been transformed into OJSC Tactical Missile Weapons Corporation.
During its existence, the head office specialists created 9 and mastered the production of 19 samples of guided missiles of various classes, many of which in their performance characteristics are considered among the best in the world. The main advantages include:
compactness and a small mass of missiles at a sufficiently high power of the warhead;
modular design principle;
stealth, the ability to overcome fire and radar opposition of the enemy;
unification (X-35E) on carriers - airplanes, helicopters, ship and coastal missile systems;
simplicity and ease of use.
All these qualities form the “corporate identity” of the developers and production workers of the ZNPTs Zvezda-Strela, which has been preserved and developed within the framework of the Tactical Missile Weapons Corporation. It is vividly reflected in the most famous examples of air-to-surface missiles of the Soviet period. These are multipurpose modular X-25М UR, high-speed X-31 UR in anti-radar version X-31P (X-31PK), anti-ship - X-31А and targets - MA-31, and also unified (on carriers) anti-ship UR X 35E (3М-24E is a sea-based version, part of the Uran-E and the Bal-E complexes).
JSC "State Machine-Building Design Bureau" Vympel "them. I.I. Toropova ”was founded in 1949 and was deployed at aircraft factory number 134 in Tushino (Moscow). The plant was the base for Pavel Sukhoi Design Bureau. But then the not-so-famous designer crashed the first sample of the Su-15 fighter, and the design bureau was disbanded. Dry was offered to engage aviation missiles, but he refused. The bureau was headed by Ivan Toropov, who actually became the founder of the Soviet school of designing air-to-air missiles.
In just a matter of months, the new design office created the first domestic integrated fire protection system, the PV-20, for the strategic bomber Tu-4, consisting of sighting stations, machine-gun installations and remote control units. For this development, Ivan Toropov and a number of specialists were awarded the Stalin Prize for the 1950 year.
Above the rocket armament of aviation equipment, the KB began working since 1954. Then the design mission of the K-7 rocket was obtained for the supersonic T-3 interceptor developed by Pavel Sukhoi. The design laid the principles of modularity, which have become the hallmark of domestic missiles of this class. But the K-13 air-to-air missile became the first completed development of Vympel. The task received in 1958 year. A test launch was made on 21 on October 1959, and on December 1 the first combat launch on a target aircraft. In 1960, the rocket went into mass production under the designation P-3C. She was part of the ammunition fighter MiG-19PG, MiG-21, MiG-23, Su-20, Yak-28P. The modifications of Р-13Р, Р-13М, Р-13М1 were made in India, China, Czechoslovakia, Poland.
GosMKB "Vympel" to this day remains the leading Russian design bureau for the development of aviation air-to-air class of all types. In addition, it creates guided missiles for land and sea anti-aircraft complexes and targets based on them, as well as air-to-surface missiles (X-29Т (L), X-29TE). Within the framework of the right to foreign economic activity, the enterprise offers customers the modernization of previously delivered air-to-surface missiles X-29Т (L) to the level of X-29TE extended-range missiles.
JSC "State Machine-Building Design Bureau" Raduga "them. A.Ya. Bereznyak is located in the technopolis of Dubna (Moscow region). The bureau was originally established at the plant number 1 in connection with the decree of the Council of Ministers of 01.09.1951 for the development of the subject "B" - cruise missiles. Organizationally KB was a branch of OKB-155 Artem Mikoyan. The order of the Minister of Aviation Industry, Mikhail Khrunichev, outlined the direction of the new division: “... to entrust him with work to ensure serial production, according to the fine-tuning and testing, and further modification of the unmanned aircraft of the CS” In addition, the branch was entrusted with resolving issues related to the creation of the first domestic models of guided missile weapons - “projectile aircraft”, air-to-surface, ship-to-ship and surface-to-surface missiles. The head of this design bureau, called OKB-155-1, was the talented designer Alexander Yakovlevich Bereznyak.
The first task was the revision and transfer to the mass production of a KS jet-projectile aircraft designed in OKB-155. Alexander Bereznyak organized a clear interaction between the designers and the production and serial-design department of the plant, and as a result, state tests were completed and the Kometa system was adopted (the Tu-1953K, Tu-4 rocket with the KS rocket) was adopted.
In 1955, the OKB-155 branch was entrusted with the development of a radically new sea-based P-15 cruise missile. A year later, the design bureau completed the work on technical documentation and transferred it to production. Seven months later, on October 16, the first launch of the P-15 from the boat Ave 183E took place on the Black Sea. In 1960, the rocket was put into service. For the creation of П-15 in 1961, the team was awarded the Lenin Prize. And the rocket itself entered the world history of rocketry 21 October 1967, when during the Arab-Israeli conflict with its help the Israeli destroyer Eilat was sunk. It was the first case of the combat use of self-guided cruise missiles with a liquid-jet engine.
In 1966, the OKB-155-1 branch was transformed into an independent organization, the Raduga Machine-Building Design Bureau. By that time, the team’s development had been awarded several Lenin and State prizes. About the highest level of designers from Dubna says the fact that in 1970, they were transferred from the Design Bureau Artem Mikoyan all work on the creation of an experimental manned orbital aircraft in the framework of the project "Spiral". Although the work was going well, the project was closed in 1979, but the Raduga designs were widely used to create the Energia-Buran universal rocket and space system.
Over 60 years of activity as the lead developer of missile systems, the enterprise team has accumulated unique scientific, technical and design potential throughout the entire cycle of development, production, operation and modernization of guided missile weapons. In the past five years alone, five sets of precision weapons for the Air Force and the Navy have been developed and put into service. fleet Of Russia. Over the entire period of its existence, the enterprise has transferred more than 50 missile weapon systems to its arsenal. Most of them had a breakthrough character, opening up new directions for the development and use of missile weapons. In particular:
the development of shock anti-ship complexes with P-15 and Termite missiles became the basis for the creation of a new, unparalleled in the world class of warships - rocket boats;
the development of X-20, K-10С, КСР-5 and X-22 airborne missiles has turned the national bombing and naval aircraft into rocket-carrying aircraft;
"Unmanned torpedo bombers" - cruise missiles 85Р became the main anti-submarine and strike armament of anti-submarine ships;
development of X-28, X-58, X-59, X-59М missiles turned frontline aviation into missile-carrying aircraft;
In terms of their characteristics, the shock mosquito anti-ship missiles of the Moskit family have overtaken the development of the leading aerospace firms of the world for more than a decade;
the creation of the X-55 family of missiles gave a fundamentally new quality to domestic long-range aviation, and the development of recent years in the class of autonomous precision-guided long and medium-range weapons provided the supreme military and political leadership of the country with an argument of strategic non-nuclear deterrence;
scientific, technical and practical groundwork has been accumulated for creating missiles with hypersonic flight speeds.
OAO Region State Research and Production Enterprise is a leading developer and supplier of adjustable and guided bombs for front-line aviation, which belong to one of the most promising classes of precision weapons. It was founded in 1969 year as the Research Institute of Applied Hydromechanics, whose main task was the development of controlled anti-submarine weapons.
Priority activities associated with the creation and supply:
adjustable and guided air bombs (CAB and UAB) for front and naval aircraft;
naval underwater weapons to destroy submarines and surface ships, including on the basis of high-speed submarine missiles;
anti-torpedo and anti-mine weapons.
Possessing an appropriate laboratory and testing base, the GNPP Region pays great attention to research and development in the field of aerodynamics and hydrodynamics of high-speed objects for underwater use, rocket engines for underwater weapons.
Adjustable aerial bombs (CAB), created by GNPP "Region", belong to the class of high-precision weapons and are distinguished by high combat effectiveness, noise immunity and reliability, as evidenced by their operation in the Russian Air Force. A distinctive feature of the CAB is a combination of high accuracy, comparable in some cases with the accuracy of guided missiles, and high power of combat units.
Today, adjustable aerial bombs are equipped with a variety of guidance systems - television-correlation, laser-gyro-stabilized, satellite, which are able to ensure accuracy within 3 – 10 meters across the entire range of altitudes and discharge rates. According to the “efficiency – cost” criterion, they exceed unguided bombs 10 – 30 times. In a number of conditions, they are commensurate by this criterion with guided missiles, but many times exceed them in power and cost ten times less.
The regionally developed corrected SNPP bombs have caliber 250, 500 and 1500 kg. They are characterized by a wide range of warheads used (concrete-breaking, penetrating and volume-detonating). Specially designed warheads are designed to destroy high-strength and recessed targets, as well as targets hidden in the folds of the terrain.
The further development of the CAB is mainly due to an increase in the accuracy of guidance and range of use, which ensures the discharge of ammunition beyond the reach of the enemy’s air defense. Obviously, in the near future a significant place in military aviation will be occupied by reconnaissance-strike and strike unmanned aerial vehicles. Therefore, there has been a trend towards the development of adjustable small caliber air bombs - up to 100 kg.
An integral indicator of the innovation activity of any company is the pace of product renewal and its competitiveness against the background of the world's best analogues. If over the past two decades, Tactical missile armament enterprises produced new or upgraded models in units, now they are preparing to launch the new 15 production of high-precision weapons (WTO). In particular, the entire range of aviation SD is being updated.
In the class of export air-surface "air – surface" are created:
in the general purpose series (multipurpose):
a) missiles of type X-38МЭ (development of the parent company). The modular principle of execution assumes the possibility of equipping with various combined guidance systems, including an inertial system and variants of final precision guidance on the basis of GPS, laser, thermal imaging, radar type or satellite navigation;
b) the Ovod-ME rocket weapon complex with the X-59М2Е SD (Raduga GosMCB) is capable of hitting ground and surface targets, recognized by the operator on the multifunctional indicator. The complex can be used around the clock and in conditions of limited visibility;
c) X-59MK2 rocket (Raduga GosMKB) with an optical-electronic correction and end-guidance system designed to hit a wide range of ground targets with known coordinates of a location, including non-radio-emitting and not having radar, infrared and optical contrast to the surrounding background.
in a number of specialized (by type of objectives) SD:
a) anti-radar UR:
X-31PD (parent company);
X-XNUMHUSHKE (GosMKB "Rainbow").
Both missiles are equipped with wide-range passive radar homing heads, as well as a navigation and automatic control system based on a strap-shaped navigation system (SINS). Significantly improved a number of performance characteristics (guidance accuracy, range of use, the effectiveness of combat units, etc.);
b) anti-ship airborne anti-aircraft missiles:
high-speed X-31AD with an improved ramjet engine (parent company);
low altitude (flight altitude at the final segment - 4 m) X-35UE (parent company) - further development of the well-proven X-35E aircraft missile.
X-59MK - a missile of extended range (GosMKB "Raduga") to hit a wide range of surface radar-contrast targets with an effective reflective surface (EOP) from 300 square. m (including targets such as "cruiser") on the principle of "let - forget" at any time of day in all weather conditions. Adapted to all Russian front-line aircraft.
New developments (GNNP "Region") adjustable bombs include:
KAB-500-E with satellite-guided equipment and a high-explosive warhead, to hit targets with previously known coordinates that are entered to the discharge zone. Possible correction of the signals of the navigation system from the carrier. Accuracy of hit - 7 – 2 meters, height of the reset - 500 – 5000 m. Works on the principle “dropped - forgotten” and can be used at any time of day and in any weather.
KAB-1500LG-F-E with a high-explosive warhead and a semi-active laser gyro-stabilized homing system to destroy fixed ground and surface targets such as railway and road bridges, military industrial facilities, ships, strong points, including those hidden in the folds of the area. They are used singly or with a volley from front-line aircraft equipped with a laser target illumination system or with the simplest collimator sights for issuing preliminary target designation (when using a ground-based illuminator). Pointing accuracy - 4 – 7 meters, dump height - 1000 – 8000 km.
In the class of export air "air-air" are created ("GosMKB" Vympel "):
SD of short range and near-highly maneuverable air combat RVV-MD for armament of modern and advanced fighters, attack aircraft and helicopter gunships. Compared with the previous version (P-73E), the range of use, maneuverability characteristics, target designation angles are increased, noise immunity is increased (including from optical interference). The missile guidance system includes all-passive infrared homing (dual-band IGS) with combined aerogasdynamic control;
SD medium range RVV-SD for weapons of modern and advanced fighters. With a launch range of up to 110 km, it is capable of hitting targets with overload up to 12 g at any time of the day, at all angles, in REB conditions, against the background of the earth and water surfaces, including with a multichannel shelling on the principle of “let it go - forget it”. Missile guidance system - inertial with radio correction and active radar homing;
UR long-range RVV-DB. First demonstrated on MAKS-2011. Compared to the previous long-range P-33E UR, the new rocket has significantly improved characteristics. The high aerodynamic properties of the RVV-BD rocket and the use of a dual-mode solid propellant rocket engine with a launch mass of up to 510 kg ensure the launch range to 200 km (for P-33E - 120 km) and the ability to hit targets with 8 g overload (for P-33E - 4 g) at altitudes from 15 m to 25 km.
It should be noted that, despite the fact that some of the above developments have kept the names of previous products, they are practically new WTO samples. All of them are made at a new engineering and design level, based on the widespread use of digital technologies, the latest principles and guidance systems, which have significantly expanded combat capabilities.
The samples of the new generation of tactical WTO, demonstrated at MAKS-2011, objectively strengthen the brand of Tactical Missiles Corporation as a large, multi-disciplined, well-functioning company capable of delivering world-class products.